Archive for the ‘THE MOORS WERE OFCOURSE BLACK’ Category

A FORUM ON “THE DESTRUCTION OF BLACK CIVILIZATION”BY CHANCELLOR WILLIAMS ON MELANET.COM

November 20, 2007

FROM melanet.com

“The Destruction of Black Civilization” BY: Chancellor Williams—This is the FIRST book EVERYONE should read conscerning black history!!!

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MELANET UnCut Chat and Discussion: When Black Men Ruled The World (On Africentrism): “The Destruction of Black Civilization” BY: Chancellor Williams—This is the FIRST book EVERYONE should read conscerning black history!!!
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By MartinCruse on Friday, March 10, 2000 – 04:31 am:
This is the definitive book to read if you want to
know the truth about black history!!

yeah yeah i know you have heard that before but
take my word for it this time trust me. I thought
I knew pretty much everthing (or at least the jist
of it) about black history till i read this!!

I know alot about our history but their were still
unanswered questions that most black history books
were not addressing. I’ve found them in this book.

This book contains all the information Henry Louis
Gates Jr. didn’t have the courage to say in his
Eurocentic black history tv series that was on
television!!! Many afrocentric scholars demanded
that they show and “honest” version of black
history instead of the farce that Gates displaid
for the world to see.

FOR EXAMPLE:

1. We know that the Egyptians were not caucasion
or “white”…thats been established. But were
they….ARAB? Thats what the people look like
there now anyways. So they weren’t white or black
but ARAB. But the Arabs invaded Africa just like
the Europeans did didn’t they.
Arabs even started the invasion (i think) and
were MAJOR holders in the intercontinental slave
trade weren’t they!?!?!

Hmmmmmm……

2. There is a huge dessert that currently
separates North and South Africa. Its called the
Sahara. Eurocentric scholars have used the desert
as a means of saying that the Egyptians were a
separate people and culture from the rest of
Africa. “Sub-Saharan” is the term that they use i
believe.

But evidence has been found that the Sahara was
once rich with plant life and water making it
perfectly inhabitable for people to inhabit it.
And by doing so connecting the imaginary barrier
between Egypt and the rest of Africa.

So was the Sahara ALWAYS a desert? And how did it
become a desert in the first place?…

hmmmmmmm…..

All these questions and more are answered in this
book

WRITE DOWN THIS ISBN NUMBER AND TAKE IT TO YOUR
NEAREST BOOKSTORE: 0 883 780 305

“The Destruction of Black Civilization”= by:
Chancellor Williams

and once again, the ISBN number: 0 883 780 305

Write the number down and give it to them. It’ll
make it easier to find the book

Knowledge is Power!!!!!!
Martin

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By White Boy on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 09:55 am:
Afrocentrism is a joke!

Black africans haven’t established ONE advanced civilization on their own. Egyptians are NOT black, they are more Arab than anything so blacks cannot take credit for that civilization either.

Let’s face it Blacks are infirior to all other races. How? Well simply put, Black Africans are the only race that cannot succeed in Ameria on their own. Even with Affirmative Action, Africans struggle to succeed in a country where all other races have been tremendously prosperous.

Anyone who supports Afrocentrism is a fool. You need to realize that Africans should stop their complaining and start adopting Western ideals in order to succeed in this world. If you do not, blacks will just be what they always have been: poor and under developed

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By MartinCruse on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 01:16 pm:
OOOOOO HERE WE GO AGAIN WITH THE LIES.

First of all, africans are divided and suffering so much today because we were colonized by Europeans and Arabs. And to colonize Africans used and old techinque of…

DIVIDE AND CONQUER!!!! When we are fighting amongst ourselves we are not focussing on the real problem…Europeans with their Christianity and Arabs with their Islam.

We have created no civilizations huh? lol yeah they tried to feed me that crap in history class also. Just because Arabs are there now doesn’t mean they always have been. The Arabs invaded Egypt just like the greeks/romans did. They also participated in the slave trade. So all in all they are just as hippocritical as Europeans are concerning black history.

All of the Greek classicists describe them as black (herodutus, aristotle, ect., ect.) But all this has been said before…..”whiteboy.” Its getting repetitive now. If you have any doubts….look at the sphinx. Look at the brrrrooooaaaad nose and lick long lips it has. Even though they were shot off u can still make out its “africoid” facial features.

And have u actually read any of the afrocentric books? Or are you just making blind ignorant statements to suit your own greedy needs?

And p.s. everthing in the west originated in the EAST!!! Western civilizations is built on lies and deciet and GREED!

But we all know this already…

So now that you have been corrected….go by the CLEGG SERIES video, crawl back into the ignorant/ destructive/capitalist/backstabbing/European lies filled hole you came from and shut up
CAUSE GROWN FOLKS ARE TALKING!

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By ignore_the_devil on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 01:30 pm:
Peace, be still, brothers and sisters, do not let the devil get the best of you. “It” is inciting you to a riot. Peace, be still!

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By ruff on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 01:50 pm:
infirior?…no spell check on webtv,huh whitebread?

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By White Boy on Friday, March 17, 2000 – 10:41 am:
Gee sorry RUFF I don’t have spell checking. Apparently you don’t either. Isn’t it supposed to be rough?

It is simple to answer all those points you made.

The greeks could easily misake an Arab and say he or she was black. Look at arabs for goodness sake, some of them are so dark they are blacker than some blacks. So no problem there.

And sorry I disagree with you on the Sphinx it doens’t look negroid to me. But maybe I’m wrong, I’ll admit I didn’t see who built the thing. If you can prove to me that blacks built it, then I’d agree with you. But the fact remains that NOBODY can really say who built the sphinx, and I’d have an easier time believing it was built by aliens.

And ha ha I guess the black race is so honest and upright? You never get greedy or lie? You have never destroyed another tribe or made war on them back in your days in Africa? And I guess I’m so corrected now that I’ll just crawl away back to my slimey mud hole right? HA HA HA HA!!!

If you think Africa was so great, then get out of my counrty and go back to your sick, poor, AIDS infested, anarchy ridden, Africa?

White Boy

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By Edward Parker on Saturday, March 18, 2000 – 10:03 am:
Their is evidence allover this planet that original man or homo sapien sapien was the black man.. In la Venta Mexico with statues negroid stoneheads,with black Buddha with thick lips in India,china etc..Grimaldi who roam ed Europe for 40,000yrs BC,Tua man in north america,the egyptian black god Osirus…Chang dynasty which consisted of the black dwarf from interior Akebulan…I need not continue for those of any intellectual capacity know the truth..and the truth will set you free!!!!!

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By MartinCruse on Wednesday, March 22, 2000 – 02:55 am:
No i think u need to prove to ME that they were
anything other than black.

But yes i admit…Europeans aren’t the only ones
that lie. But you guys seem to have turned it into
an art form. Your the ones who invented the
political weapon of Misiformation. Your the ones
who got the ball rolling on the destruction of the
environment. YOUR the ones who have colonized the
WORLD with your own narrowminded beliefs and
religions. But i digress…your are right….a
liar is a liar…no matter how often he does or
does not commit a lie. But the balance definitely
leans toward Europeans thats for sure. Hell you
own like 70% percent of the world’s currency. You
don’t get that kinda cheese with hard work and
honesty NO WAY!!! That power was achieved through
manipulation and deciet.

Most proof of black Egypt comes from Greeks/romans
and even the pharoahs who were alive at the time.
I find it fitting irony that the alot of the proof
comes from White peoples’ ancestors themselves
lol. They describe them as dark skinned with flat
noses, full lips, and kinky hair like sheeps
wool!!! SHEEPS WOOL!!!! Get some sheeps wool and
think about whose hair it most represents.

There are also quotes from the pharoahs
themselves. You would have to know a little bit
of the history to put this one together though.
There is another all black civilization called
Nubia that lies south of Egypt. Afrocentric
scholars have always claimed that the Egyptians
were immigrants from Nubia. This is proven by the
fact that The Egyptians THEMSELVES describe
Nubia/the south as their place of origin. They
frequently went to the nubians for supplies or
assistance in whatever. Today, because of violent
sand storms…there is a dessert separating nubia
and Egypt. It is called the Saharah. So in order
to discredit Africans of our classical
civilizations so they can justify
slavery/colonialism….Racist Egyptologist
invented the term “Sub-Saharan” Africa. In other
words….all the niggers are down south while the
civilized white/arab Egyptians lie up north. The
Sahara was not always a dessert. This has been
proven. Egyptoligist are finding out that Egypt
maybe even older than they originally thought.
They found water erosion on the Sphinx!!! That
means There could have been connection between
north and South if that kind of drastic weather
changes happened (i.e. floods, SANDSTORMS, ect.
ect. ect.)!!!
But i Imagine all the hard proof in the world will
not change a mind that wants to justify its hate.

BUT YOU CAN READ ALL ABOUT IT HERE:

http
://www.he.net/~skyeagle/afro1.htm

go to the “Greek Quotes” section..very interesting

Arabs…even the darkest of them, (who are
considered blacks anyway by lighter skinned Arabs
ironically) have straitened hair like Europeans.
So yes they WOULD be able to tell the difference.
Arabs invaded Egypt many, many, centuries later in
the history of Kemet (Egypt).
And not all blacks have those fleshy facial
features either. Our variatioins seem almost
endless….after all…Blacks are the first
hue-ma

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By Soulbrother on Wednesday, March 22, 2000 – 11:49 am:
All of these beautiful, accurate, fact-filled, historical words, wasted on a poor, ignorant, racist White Boy, who would not see the truth if it hit him/her/it like a brick, in the face …..

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By perfect on Wednesday, March 22, 2000 – 05:09 pm:
Not wasted at all soulbrother I was reading all of this and I have learned from it.

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By hiplashone on Friday, March 24, 2000 – 11:37 pm:
Oh no ,not at all wasted!
I am printing all of this knowledge, and I am making copies and giving them to my neighbors, family and friends. And guess what~~~~can’t nobody stop me. So to all dropping knowledge;KEEP KEEPING ON! Soon every Black boy and girl will know about the Afrocentric experience and thier traditions, as long as you all keep posting, I’m going to keep printing it and telling the people I know, for that domino affect. Thanks.

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By Jerrold ( – 151.200.108.30) on Friday, March 24, 2000 – 04:34 pm:
Thanks, HipLaShone. That’s a beautiful way of spreading the word, about how Black people need to be knowledgeable and proud of who we are.

Keep on keeping on. Thanks again.

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By somosunafamilia ( – 129.81.185.75) on Friday, March 24, 2000 – 09:02 pm:
We seem to have forgotten the original post.
The Destruction of Black Civilization is probably the best book that I’ve been exposed to.
It was told to me that people know what they are against but they don’t know what they are for.
I said that to say don’t entertain the european too much, for it is a waste of time. Find out what you are for and move on it. And right now we should be for reading the Destruction of Black Civilization, then come with some of that good planning that is in there.

“Two birds fought over a kernel and a third flew away with it.”

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By Kegimni ( – 64.82.98.1) on Monday, May 29, 2000 – 12:36 am:
I’d like to add my two cents. To understand White Boy’s psyche, you must read a book by Michael Bradley called “Iceman Inheritance”. It speaks volumes of the inherent aggressiveness white men have toward women and others who do not resemble them. Rember brothers and sisters in order for you to educate you must know thyself and thy enemy.

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By JAB ( – 138.26.16.161) on Tuesday, June 13, 2000 – 05:15 pm:
The Destruction of Black Civilization was required reading for a history class I took in college. The Black professor told me that he never had so many (white) students angry with him. This book, along with the Bible which was used as a historical reference, proved that beyond a doubt that Blacks had produced one of the greatest cultures in Egypt along w/ other great civilizations such as Nubia,Babylon,Ethiopia,and India)and w/o the assistance of Europeans or Arabs.

By greg ( – 24.132.81.212) on Monday, June 19, 2000 – 10:57 am:
PEACE AND LOVE TO ALL BROTHERS AND SISTERS FROM ME TO YOU

AND TO JAB YOU ARE TOTALLY RIGHT IF YOU TELL THESE WHITES THE TRUE HISTORY THEY DIE AND IMMEDIATLY START IGNORING THE FACTS

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By Bryan Harman ( – 155.31.19.175) on Monday, June 19, 2000 – 05:06 pm:
It is such a shame that the world’s most primitive

people are taking credit for Ancient Egypt.Some afrocentrists have claimed the Greeks called the Egyptians black.As a educated person I this is misleading in the extreme.For example,Greek writers such as Manilius,Arrian,Ammianus Marcelinus,Strabo,and Flavius Philostratus all described the Ancient Egyptians as either “mildly” dark or “somewhat” dark, but never as black.Did Herodotus say the Ancient Egyptians were black?No! Herodotus was trying to find out where a people called the Colchians came from. The Egyptians said to Herodotus that the Colchians came from Pharaoh Sesostris’s army.Herodotus believed this because the Colchians were black skinned and woolly haired.For starters,Herodotus makes no claim that all of the Egyptians had these features and secondly black Nubian mercenaries served in the Egyptian army which would include Pharaoh Sesostris’s army.Last of all Herodotus would be contradicted by all these other writers I have listed.I would like to conclude by making fun of the fact that slavery,Sexual mutilation of women,tribalism,voodoo,and massive illiteracy exist on the world’s most primitive continent known as Africa.All of this while whites can walk on the moon,or celebrate all our other great accomplishments which are impossible for the primitive negro who is considered the world’s most inferior race.

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By foreversearching ( – 204.196.86.112) on Monday, June 26, 2000 – 10:48 am:
Peace Brothas and Sistas

1. Without getting into a long drawn out story of why i let christianity and islam go, which i feel everyone here understands, could someone suggest a few great books on African centered spirituality by us for us.

2. Will uh sista or brotha refer me to a few great sites on “ebonics”.

p.s. i will start reading the Destruction of Black Civilization in uh week.
thanks and peace

foreversearching

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By DJ ( – 63.27.97.209) on Saturday, July 22, 2000 – 10:23 pm:
I appreciate everyones messages. Even the ones from the white people. Their comments help reafirm what I’ve always believed to be true. Think about it, everyone in the Americas are a collection of people from the East (I guess with the exception of Indians, but I don’t know much about that). And everyone in the Americas tend to have their own history except for the decendents of African people living in America. An easy way to control “free slaves” and all of their offspring including grandchildren’s grandchildren (everyone) is through their mind. If they take what we made and claim it as their own and take us away from our origin and our true history and only feed us lies, if we believe it, we then become brainwashed and although we’re considered to be free we are still mind slaves until we are able to break that cycle as a whole. We have to stop automatically believing in everything we hear because the truth exists in us all. I didn’t figure any of this out by reading a book I did it by reasoning (the thing that seperates man from animals) and examining the worlds history as a whole. It’s kind of like a puzzle all we have to do is put the pieces together from things we hear, see, and read. I’m not saying that nothing is wrong with reading books because I think they are great and I definately plan on finding the book mentioned above, because I love it when my gut feelings turn out to be true, and we were all blessed with it, it’s called intuition and it all relates. I hope someone is able to read this and is feeling where I’m coming from. Another example of this is how they took and continue to take our music especially what they call rock and roll it is the same with history, because history repeats itself in all shapes and sizes. Think about it, I’m going to stop now, cause I feel like I’m preaching. One.

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By Martin ( – 205.188.199.189) on Wednesday, July 26, 2000 – 04:01 am:
A Picture of How Ancient Egyptians saw themselves.

There is a carving on a wall in Egypt that
represents the world’s cultures/peoples as the
Kemetians (Egyptians) saw it THEMSELVES.
It has the Greeks, the Arabs, the nubians and the
Kemetians.

Now as u would expect…the greeks look like
whites, the arabs like arabs (orient),
but……wait a minute…..the Nubians and the
Kemetians look EXACTLY the same. Black Skinned
with fleshy facial features and all…..PURE
BLACK.

I will returen later with an address to where u
can view this picture

No peace until Blacks are self sufficient!!!

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By GREG ( – 24.132.81.212) on Wednesday, July 26, 2000 – 03:41 pm:
to every body open your eyes!!!!!!!!!!

Light Is Caused By Friction Which Is A Form Of Chaos And Destruction. In Some Cases, Light Causes Negative Reactions, And I Can Give Examples Of This. When People Rest, Most People Prefer Darkness Over Light, So They Cut Off The Light In Order To Gain Rest. Now, If The Light’s Are Abruptly Cut On While Some One Is In A State Of Slumber, What Is Their Normal Reaction? They Wake-up, Grumpy, Screaming.. “Turn Off The Lights” Or Maybe Even Threaten You! :o) The Light Disturbed The Darkness, The Same Darkness That Brought PEACE. So Darkness And PEACE Go Hand And Hand, or are one in that same.

When A Baby Is In their Mothers Womb There Is No Light There, Thus The Baby Is In A State Of PEACE Or Darkness. When This Same Baby Comes From The Womb And Meets The Light It’s Peace Is Disrupted, So It Begins To Cry! Once Again The Light Is What Disrupts The Darkness/ Peace!

The Most Sacred Things Can Be Found In Darkness, And Most Of The Most Sacred Things Are Only Hidden To Those Who Can’t See Inter-dimensionally. Like The Brain, The Heart, The Mind, All Things Internal, Including Your GOD! When I Say Inter-dimensionally I Mean You Have To Be Able To See Pass Three Dimensions, Which Is Seeing Beyond Persons, Places And Things.

To Say That One Thing Is Good Is To Say That Another Thing Is Bad! Therefore When The Light Came Friction Between Disagreeable (Bad) And Agreeable (Good) Came To Be. And When Disagreeable And Agreeable Came To Be The “I/ Ego” Came To Be, Separating Things From One Another. Oneness/ Togetherness Is The Exact Opposite Of This, But When The “I/ Ego” Was Created A “Here” And “There” Was Also Created. This Same “Here” And “There” Causes The Separation Of Things And Beings, And This Separation Allows Us To Actually Think That We Are Separate From The Things Around Us. But Light Also Brings With It Illusions, And One Of These Illusions Is Separation (I’ness, Here And There)!

One Comes To Realize That Light Is What Truly Blinds Us, While Darkness Brings Peace, Insight And Togetherness. Light Creates The Thought That “I Am Here And You Are There”, And Enables Us To Think We Are Separate Or Maybe Even Better Than The Things Or People Around Us. When One Comes Into The Fold Of Supreme Darkness/ Supreme Balancement, One Looks Beyond The Light Into The Darkness And Sees That We Are All From One Source And One Force. One Can See That We Are All In “ALL”! We Are One With “ALL” And “ALL” Is One With Us! You Are Not A Special Individual, But A Vital Part Of One Source. It Doesn’t Matter If You Call That Source GOD, Allah/ Ilah, Eloh/ Elohim, Adonai, Osirus, Anu, YHWH Or Jehovah, They All Are A Part Of “ALL”.

So, To Answer The Question Of “Why Would GOD Dwell In Darkness” Is Simple! Because There Is Peace In Darkness, And All Things Come From Darkness. An Example Of This Is COLOR! A Combination Of All Colors Create Black/ Darkness. It Would Then Be Safe To Say That For All Colors To Be, They Must Have Come From Black/ Darkness. So It Would Make A Lot Of Sense That The Bible Would Say GOD Created All Things From The Darkness He Was In, Because Blackness Is The Supreme Balancement Of All Things.

Even In The Bible The Evil One Is Called The “Morning Star” (symbolic of bright brilliant light)! Why not the dark star or the night star? The Evil One Is Also Called The “Illuminated One”, And Is Where The Term “Illuminati” Comes From. So From What We Can See Here, It’s The Light That Cannot Comprehend The Peace Of Blackness, And The Blackness Is Our Key To Peace. It’s The Light That Is Disagreeable, And The Blackness Is Truly Benevolent!

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By IRASTA ( – 195.121.227.104) on Sunday, September 3, 2000 – 01:15 pm:
GREETINGS IN THE NAME OF THE MOST HIGH JAH RASTAFARI HAILE SELASSIE THE FIRST.

THE PROBLEM OF THE BLACK MAN IS THE BLACK MAN HIM SELF.
WHEN HE WILL ACKNOWLEDGE SELASSIE I AS GOD ALMIGHTY, AND NOT THE WHITE JESUS.

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By DARKAND SERIOUS AFRICAN ( – 12.72.64.78) on Thursday, September 7, 2000 – 05:47 am:
EARTH TOO IRASTA, HAILE AIN’T EVEN LOVED BY TO MANY ETHIOPIANS,SO SAVE US THE BS ABOUT HIM BEING GOD. THERE IS NO GOD,SO STOP SPENDING YOUR YRS DREAMING OF ONE. WE ARE THE ONLY GODS WE NEED TO SAVE OURSELFS. ALL CULTS LEAD TO BACKWARDNESS AND DISUNITY. WE ARE OUR OWN SAVIORS,NOT A MAN WHO WASN’T EVEN LOVED BY HIS OWN PEOPLE WHO HE DID SO LITTLE FOR THE MASSES . IF YOUR HONEST YOU’D ADMIT THAT ETHOPIANS ARE SOME OF THE MOST REACTINARY AND RACIST ACTING AFRICANS IN THE WORLD TODAY. THEY HAVE NO RESPECT FOR ALL THE MYTHOLOGICAL THINGS THAT YOU SO BADLY WANT TO BELIEVE IN.IF YOU WENT THERE THEY WOULD LAUGH AT YOU FOR YOUR IGNORANCES OF JUST WHO AND WHAT THE MAN WAS.
YOU PROBABLY THINK I’M AGAINST YOU,YOUR WRONG. WHAT I’M AGAINST IS ANY FORM OF CULTS OF PERSONALITY AROUND ANY HUMAN BEING,IT’S A WASTE OF TIME.

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By HRH-DARKOVERLORD WATCHING OVER YA ( – 12.72.3.43) on Thursday, September 7, 2000 – 07:37 pm:
Iregular rasta;this is the 2nd time I’ve posted a message to you,it seems unGrand La grand is playing at being a censor again.
What I said was the following ;stop with the stupid myths concerning Haile,cuz he isn’t a god nor is he that respected by his own people. Yes he stood up to the europeans,that was his finest hr.
In our quest to escape the racist colonialism ,we have made hero’s out of anyone who stood up to the white power system,that was good. The problem started when ya felt the need to make of all people Haile more then what he was a feudal dictator.
If your aware of the brief history of Rastafari,you know how resent all of this has been ,not even a 100 yrs.
If you know anything about Ethopia you’d know that they are some of the most reactionary Africans on the continent,toward other Africans.They have what can best be termed as racist attiudes towards othe people of African decent. If you think they would feel postive about your worshiip of Selesie then you really don’t do much traveling.
When people don’t see a why out of their bondage and are powerless they create what s called cults,that later become so-called relgions,this is what the whole Rasta movement is about.
I’ve been wearing locks since 1974,I’ve talk to countless Jamincans. Some like the idea others who are more inclined to follow their past white masters hated all Rasta’s and everything they stood for. This is not my postion,there are postive messages to be learned from any ideology.The pt is where do you leave off the myths and other false teachings that do nothing to push us further toward our goals of mental and physical liberation. Your probably thinking if he ain’t for Seleasie he’s against I AND I,not so. All cults from christiantiy to islam,have the same effect ,to remove us from, the simple fact of what we as Africans must be most aware of.
Ask yourself this question ,have you ever heard of Marcus Garvey proclaiming Haile as some divine savior? We both know the answer to that question,no.
You have a brain and you’ll believe whatever you think can free you from the pain of babalyon. What I want you to understand is this,there are NO GODS, so this means if there are to be changes in our lifes we have to make them. Sooner or later if your a truly concious African you’ll come to this conclusion. On the other hand if this is your drug of choice maybe you’ll never awake from this sleep of the oppressed.
Whatever road you choose ,know this your still my people and I will struggle for your rights like I hope you would mine.

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By GREG ( – 24.132.81.212) on Friday, September 8, 2000 – 01:56 pm:
The Hebrew People of the Bible What Color are They?

For years, people of the world have been led to believe that the people of the bible were white people, when in fact they were black. Hollywood, one of the many contributing factors to this cause, isn’t innocent to this either, they take the front line for the ranks of deception. We the people of the world should not continue to let this occur because the ones to be affected by this will be the children of the future.

Movies, television and some white people portray the people of the bible as white. What should it matter, if they are white or black. Should it matter, if they are white or black? If I were white, I’d say no, and if this was an ideal world and if all affluent people looked like me. But we are living in a world of lies and deception and when the children’s minds develop off of the deception that is being told and taught, then the truth must be brought to the forefront. Also, I am not white and the more affluent doesn’t look like me.

People of color are more vulnerable and are more easily to believe what is being told to them, especially when their history has been erased from their minds, and it is constantly battered in their heads through their educational systems, television, and movie theaters. Well, the time has come for the truth to be told. And what is that truth? That the people of the bible are people of color.

Before I can go forward, I need to go backwards into some history. Lets look at the people of the bible, who had who.

Genesis 10:2-4, Japheth begot Gomer (*Galatians) (**Germany, Crimea, Cambria, Celts), Magog (*Scythians) (**Georgia, Scythians), Madai (*Medes), Javan (*Grecians), Tubal (*Iberes), Meshech (**Moscow), and Tiras. Gomer begot Ashkenaz (*Rheginians) (**Germany, Saxons, Scandavia), Riphath, and Togarmah. Javan begot Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim (**Cyprus) (Abraham ibn Ezra said the Romans were descended from Kittim), and Dodanim. (*denotes The Complete Works of Josephus. **denotes The table of the Nations off the Web)

Genesis 10:6-18, Ham begot Cush (*Ethiopians), Mizraim (*Egypt), Phut (*Libya), and Canaan. Cush begot Nimrod, Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtechah. Raamah begot Sheba and Dedan. Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim. Canaan begot Sidon, Heth, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgasites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathite.

Genesis 10:22-29, Shem begot Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad (*Chaldeans), Lud, and Aram. Aram begot Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. Arphaxad begot Salah. Salah begot Eber. Eber begot Peleg (from here comes the family of Abraham) and Joktan. Joktan begot Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab
.
And Noah and his wife created Japheth, Ham, and Shem.

After the dispersion of the people by God at the tower of Babel, each went into their own region of the world. Japheth and his family went into Europe. Shem and Ham stayed in the area, so to say.

Mizraim (Egypt) and some of his family went into a land now called Africa, but it wasn’t called Africa then. Cush (Ethiopia) had a very large area which even went into what is now called Middle East. Remember, Nimrod was a Cushite and the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

Around 1913BCE, there was a famine in the land. And due to the famine, Abram (Abraham) and his wife Sarai journeyed to the land of Egypt. But before he entered the land of Egypt he said to Sarai, “Behold now, I know that you art a fair woman to look upon. And it will come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they will say: This is his wife; and they will kill me, but thee they will keep alive.”

Now the incident came to pass, but Rabbi Shelomoh Yitschaki, Solomon ben Isaac, also known as Rashi, said in his commentaries, reference behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman, “Knowing that you are beautiful, I realize that your beauty is now a source of danger, particularly since the Egyptians are dark-skinned and ugly.” Besides this being a ridiculous comment, the point that I am trying to point out is the fact that the Rabbi has stated that the Egyptians were people of color. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary defines black as, “Having a dark skin . . . ” and “a person belonging to a dark skinned race . .

. ” This may seem irrelevant now, but this quote by Rashi is going to back fire on him. Stick with me. Also at least they have finally admitted that the Egyptians were people of color.

Next, Joseph, one of the twelve sons of Jacob, from the twelve tribes of Israel, was sold to some Ishmaelites by his brothers out of anger. The Ishmaelites took Joseph into Egypt and sold him to the Egyptians. Later a famine had struck the land of Egypt and Canaan and according to the Bible all the lands and was very devastating. Jacob instructed several of his sons to go into Egypt and buy food because Egypt had enough to sell.

When the brothers of Joseph, the sons of Jacob had entered the land of Egypt, they were told to see a particular person. Not knowing oh the individual was they were going to see, when they faced him, they didn’t recognize him, but Joseph recognized them. If Joseph is supposed to be a white person, and he was in the mist of black people, don’t you think his brothers would have recognized him immediately. Why didn’t his brothers recognize him immediately? Could it have been due to him being black amongst black people and he blended in? A white person definitely would have been able to be pointed out if he was amongst black slaves during slavery time. Don’t you think?

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By GREG ( – 24.132.81.212) on Friday, September 8, 2000 – 01:56 pm:
Next, while the Israelites were living in the land of Egypt, Pharaoh had commanded for all the Israelite males to be exterminated. Now during this time, a couple from the Israelite people had borne a son, and they had hid him for three months. When they couldn’t hide him no longer, she put the child into a basket and placed it among the reeds by the bank of the Nile. The daughter of Pharaoh, wanting to bathe in the Nile, went to the banks and saw the basket among the reeds and when she opened the basket she saw a baby in it. Being that the baby was very young, she instructed a Hebrew family, coincidently the baby’s mother, to nurse the child until he was weaned. Once he was weaned, she brought the boy to her father and asked if she could keep the child, and her father said yes. Also, the baby was named Moses.

Remembering that the Egyptians were black, if Moses was white and knowing that Pharaoh had issued a decree to kill all the Hebrew males, wouldn’t he have killed Moses immediately when she brought this supposedly white child into her father’s house? Also, if he was white, do you think Pharaoh’s daughter would have even let the child live when she found him by the Nile? Obviously we must say no.

Finally, Moses lived amongst the Egyptians for years and one day when he saw an Egyptian abusing a Hebrew, he came to the aide of the Hebrew and killed the Egyptian. Knowing that the word would get out and back to Pharaoh, he fled Egypt and went to the land of Midian. Upon entering Midian he came to the aide of some women of the land and helped them. They were very grateful and ran back and told their father that an “Egyptian” saved them.

Again, if he was mistaking for an Egyptian, and knowing that the Egyptians are supposedly dark-skinned and ugly, does this make Moses dark-skinned and ugly too? This is where people need to watch what they say. It may come back to haunt you.

What I have presented here, which is merely speculation. The only proof that I have given where someone has said the Egyptians where black was by the Rabbi. So let me notegive more facts for you to think about.

Herodotus (484? -425? BC) was one of the most widely traveled people of his time. His writings show his interest in both history and geography. Herodotus was born in Halicarnassus, a Greek colony in Asia Minor. He was a frequent visitor to Athens, he was a close friend of Sophocles. He also journeyed to the western shores of the Black Sea, to southern Italy and Egypt, and to the Asian cities of Tyre, Babylon, Ecbatana, Nineveh, and Susa, says the Compton’s Interactive encyclopedia.

During his travels, Herodotus kept a journal of his activities. The journal was later translated, and in one of his entries, he wrote the following about the Egyptians or to be more exact the natives:

” …it is certain that the natives of the country are black . . . ; there can be no doubt that the Colchians are an Egyptians race . . . I made this inquiries on the subject both in Colchis and in Egypt, and I found that the Colchians had a more distinct recollection of the Egyptians, than the Egyptians had of them . . . My own conjectures were founded, first, on the fact that they are black-skinned and have woolly hair . . . ”

Now, what I have done here is give a positive identification of the Egyptians. And by me doing this and showing that the Israelites always got mistaken for them, prove that they both, the Egyptians and the Israelites were black people.

You may still have your doubts and desire more evidence before you will acknowledge that the Bibilical Israelites were a black people. So, allow me to continue.
Solomon Grayzel, a white Jewish historian, wrote in his book, A History of the Jews, in the ninth century CE (AD), a man appeared in north Africa among the Hebrews there, his name was Eldad from the tribe of Dan, he was a danite. They said he spoke a strange language and told them a weird story. He said the members of his tribe had escaped Israel after Sennacherib had conquered Israel, and other Hebrews from other tribes also live in the land from where he came from. He told the Hebrews in the northern part of Africa all the law that his people follow, which was given to his tribe by tradition from Moses successor Joshua ben Nun. The Hebrews of the northern part of Africa at first was in question about his story, but threw further examine by the Gaon, he assured the northern African Hebrews the story was legitimate.

I have mentioned this story because Mr Grayzel went on to say, “Some modern scholars argue that Eldad was an Ethiopian Jew, a descendant of the ancient colony which, in the days of Ezra, lived on the southern border of Egypt . . . ” If you know your history, and if you know what color the Ethiopian Jews are, then you have already come to the conclusion that Eldad the Danite, from the tribe of Dan, one of the twelve tribes of Israel was a black man.

Another story that I want to tell you about is in a book entitled “The Hope of Israel,” by Menasseh ben Israel which was published 1652. In it speaks of an incident that occurred with a traveler named Antonio de Montezinos. It says upon Montezinos return from the Americas, it is sufficient here to know that he has found the descendants of the lost ten tribes. At this point, I am going to quote the letter from Menasseh ben Israel to John Dury concerning what he said. The letter was dated 25 November 1649 and it reads, “Curiously enough, in the sixteenth century one Antonio Montesino of Lima stated, according to the writings of Luis Lopez, Bishop of Quito, that The Indians of the islands and mainland of the Indies . . . are Hebrews descended from the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel’. And he did say further in his book, “that they keepe their true religion, as hoping to returne again into the Holy land in due time.”

People, if this isn’t enough proof as to say what color the Hebrews were, then you are truly in a state of denial.

Also, as for a pictorial concerning the children of Israel. In a documentary on the Art & Entertainment channel, titled In Search of The Ten Commandments, it showed an ancient hieroglyphic picture of the Israelites while they were slaves in Egypt, and they were black. They looked just like the Egyptians. So I can see why Moses was mistaken for an Egyptian, and why Joseph wasn’t recognized by his brothers.

Finally, I am going to list three passages from the bible identifying the color of the Israelites. They are:
Lamentation 4:8, Their visage (face) is blacker than coal
Lamentation 5:10, Our skin was black like an oven . . .
; And Job 30:30, My skin is black upon me . . .

In this document, I have given enough information proving that the Hebrews are black people. But I say to you all, this isn’t enough. Teach your children the truth!

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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Tuesday, September 19, 2000 – 04:12 pm:
To DarkandSerious Afrikan – There is a God. Only you can find him. To Foreversearching – I am sorry to hear that you let Islam go. Islam only means peach and Muslim means submission to the will of God. I believe we all want peace and if you believe in the higher power, submission to him is not a problem, as he only wants what is good for us if we are obedient. Who better to know what is best for you than HE who created you. I also believe all people of color believe in the Creator irregardless of what you call him. He said, “I will be called by many names”. In regards to the European, all we need to do is just leave him alone and stay away from him and he will self destruct and disappear. Black people, stay prayerful, stay focused, continue to study and seek truth and truth will be revealed to you. Black Man Rising!

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By Dark and contemplative ( – 12.72.0.254) on Tuesday, September 19, 2000 – 09:00 pm:
Because i feel you mean well,I’ll refrain from being to harsh with you.
I’m an ATHEIST,I was never involved with Islam,even though I have family members that are. Unlike yourself I don’t feel any need or desire to believe in any form of supreme being. My feels are the following;your need to believe is your drug to ward off the pain of dealing with this insane world we live in.
On the subject of white people I deal with those who are attempting in some concrete way ,to struggle with white racism,the rest I deal with in whatever form they present themselves as.
I have no illusions about all African people being in unity,or even feeling the need for struggle,so the samething applies to them.
Your need for Islam is your need,not my. On things we can agree on I’m more then willing to support and contribute to the dicussion. So welcome to the forum,it’s good to hear from you even though I don’t agree with you ,your input is good.

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By Dark and tired of UNGRAND LEGRAND,the poser! ( – 12.72.0.250) on Wednesday, September 20, 2000 – 03:24 pm:
This is my 2nd attempt at responding to you bmawute.
Ungrand Legrand,who host this forum is a censoring fanatic,he needs to go to a conservative right wing NEGRO site. This isn’t the first time I’ve confronted him about this silliness.He’s suppose to be a historian and a lawyer,yet he can’t deal with certain opinions I have on the topics and response of some of the posters.
This is a stupid idea,trying to control what he thinks others should say,considering that the rest of this site doesn’t feel the need to follow suite.So I don’t expect you’ll see this post either,since UNGRAND IS ACTING LIKE SOME RIGHT WING FACIST!
UNGRANDLegrand if I ever get to confront you ,you can depend on me telling you the same thing face to face.Stop tryna control ideas and opinions.
What I said Bmawute is that I’m an ATHEIST, it doesn’t matter to me what reglious belief you have cause all of it is a form of drugs,for the masses who feel the need to want to believe in something called——–,whatever you want to call it.
Now since this is so threatening to Ungrand LEGRAND,I assume he’s like you a believer in relgious myths. I guess it just shows with all the knowledge of African history and law ,TINY MINDED UNGRAND Legrand still can’t get beyond his antiquated beliefs concerning what’s called religion,so much for giving the appearance of being a progressive African THINKER!

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By Pharoah #1 ( – 199.180.3.66) on Sunday, September 24, 2000 – 11:57 pm:
Hotep

This is just a greeting to my brothers & sisters, not for sick white folks that hate human beings because of their god given features and culture that God Ra blessed us to embrace. The comments made by white boy(peckerwood) is just reminder why we must continue to seek the truth and not settle for historical info. from whites,arabs etc. and that we need to settle our petty differances and truely love each other as africans. Let us not get upset when we here comments from the devil, continue to study and build upon your knowledge that you were blessed by god to receive.

I beleive that brother Dale Jones said it best in his documentary ( The American Nigger Factory ) when you let others get into your culture it is on mickey mouse. Meaning that when you take white folks for chumps and suckers and we let them dictate the course of our community, fianance,history and the education of our children then we have lost the battle for freedom and equallity.

Hotep, kemites.

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By Drew Peters ( – 24.164.152.3) on Sunday, October 1, 2000 – 03:49 pm:
Race is NOT Culture

The differences between an African-American and a white American are infintesimal compared to the differences between an African-American and a Frenchman of African descent. Ask a dark-skinned man from Guadaloupe what he is and he will tell you that he is French. His race is not important to his identity.

Why do Americans of Black West Indian origin and African Americans whose forebears were established in the northern states before the Emancipation Proclamation have income levels typical of caucasians while othe African-Americans do not?

Which of the 7 values of the Kwanzaa holiday are cultural blocks to economic advancement? (None of these are found in all African cultures but can be identified in non-African cultures like India).

Why is Eithiopia so rich in architectural heritage? Why has Ethiopian Airways always been regarded as one of the industries finest? Why are Eithiopian banks so strong?

Why do African-American tourists cry when they are told by West African tour guides that slaves were captured and remained the property of other Africans until delivered to the docks? Why do Africans think the African-American tourist’s reaction is strange?

Why do so many African-Americans have such a strong racial identity? Does this present problems for black immigrants that come from cultural backgrounds less racially defined?

Why does the US have to rely on immigration from India to keep the technology industry strong?

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By Ms. Sprung ( – 206.128.192.142) on Friday, October 20, 2000 – 04:47 pm:
I congratulate people like BMAWUTE for having as the center of his or her message the purpose of “staying focused”, because if we keep falling into the sick games and evident sense of inferiority as shown by the negative contributions some white folks have done, we will fall into their trap and convert this discussion into a war zone, or a source for exchange of insults instead of the determined uplifting purposes it is intended to. For instance, BRYAN HARMAN calls himself and ‘educated person’, but he goes on to state that some Arabs are darker than black people. There is proof that blacks were the first human species on Earth, and remember that the Arabs invaded Egypt, which of course involves racial mixture and explains why there are Arabs who are very dark. You would realize that the world’s black culture is filled with people of different skin tones which go from the lightest cinamon shades to the deepest, sweetest darkest black! Yes, I add sweetest because everytime I set my eyes on a very dark man, I just melt by contemplating such a Godly gift! Oh…when you refer to slavery and sexual violence in Africa, remember that those are actions initiated by whites. Hitler is a perfect example of violence and hatred, and if you want to talk about inferiority, his whole purpose for wanting to exterminate Jews was based on feelings and concepts of inferiority, as well as the caucasian invadors of Africa who envied the strenght of the black man, the beauty and resistance of his skin, not to mention the covetting of the overwhelming physical and spiritual attributes of splendid black women. If you are physically, emotionally and spiritually secure…WHY DO YOU LOOK UPON OTHERS??? WHY BOTHER THEM???? WHY QUESTION THEM??? WHY THE NEED TO DOMINATE THEM???? WHY SO INTREIGUED AND DISGUISINGLY FASCINATED BY THEM IN SO MANY FORMS???? If the Arian Nation was all that, then why trouble the Jews? If Europe and all caucasians were sufficiently secure, why did they need Africans to subject them to slavery, and to help build what we have today? Were white women not enough for them? IF THEY ARE SO PERFECT AND PURE!!!! Why is the world so multi-racial today, with black traits and prints beaming in most regions of the world? Some people just can’t face the fact that the black race is the most underestimated, but influential and intreiguing one in existance. We have always been here. Presently, they still try to put us down, and cleverly promote disputes and conflicts among ourselves, but they will never extinguish us, and the more they try to bring us down, insult us, and discredit us, the more the thruth will emerge, and their fear and intimidation becomes more evident.
GREG, loved your comments on “darkness”! KEGIMI!!! You go, you black beautiful child of God!…because if any athiest reads the Bible he or she will realize that actual world events coincide with what it expresses. Proof is the success of every theory, and what’s going on in Israel and the Middle East is spread out in the Bible, as well as the proof provided by this web site concerning black people beginning civilization!

Ms. Sprung!

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By Know-thy-self ( – 205.188.192.53) on Wednesday, October 25, 2000 – 02:09 am:
What was the point of that last post DREW PETERS?

I notice that whites/househands come to this
site preaching every culture love one another….

But when attempts to make positive/Unifying
Relationships relationships With Continental
Africans are made….They go on a mad frenzy
trying to point out our differences and laying
seeds for devision.

These are basically attempts bye the white culture
to gain the Loyalty of the Black culture. Not our
equality….loyalty. And if we give it to
them…the will joyously use as house hands to
further colonialize and rape the resources of the
richest continent in the world……

AFRICA

Europeans control the ENTIRE continent of Africa.
They devided up the land like a giant pizza…each
Europeans gettin their own little piece (German,
French, English, etc.)

We do have one large similarity…WE BOTH LIVE
UNDER THE SAME EUROPEAN DOMINATION!!!!

and ps
Shallow Capitalism is not a culture. That is the
only thing we have in common Drew peters.

PPS
Please refrain from speaking for blacks in other
parts of the World on what their cultural values
are. You do not reserve the right.
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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Thursday, October 26, 2000 – 03:32 pm:
To Dark and Contemplative – If you do not believe in God or the Higher Power, who do you believe in, and where do you think the human family comes from? You notice that I DID say human, I did not say mankind. Hue means color. Surely you don’t believe in the theory of evolution!

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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Thursday, October 26, 2000 – 03:52 pm:
To Know Thy Self – Very well put my brother. Shallow capitalism IS the only thing we really have in common with them. It is amazing how they think that even as we struggle for our true identity, we must have them to help to guide and direct us with this also. How arrogant! Peace and Love.

Black Man Rising!

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By DARK AND EXTREMELY SERIOUS! ( – 12.72.1.40) on Friday, October 27, 2000 – 02:42 pm:
WHO OR WHAT DO I BELIEVE IN YOU ASK. I BELIEVE IN THE BETTER QUALITIES OF THE THINGS THAT CALL THEMSELVES HUMANS.YES I DO BELIEVE IN WHAT’S CALLED EVOLUTION. THE SO-CALLED HUMAN FAMILY COMES FROM THE UNIVERSE.IT IS PART OF ALL THAT IS.
NOW OF COURSE THIS PROBABLY SEEMS TO SIMPLE FOR YOU,TO BELIEVE. WHAT I’VE SEEN FROM YOU TELLS ME YOUR LIKE MOST SO-CALLED SPIRITUAL OR RELGIOUS,PEOPLE YOU SEEK TO MAKE EVERYTHING INTO SOME FORM OF CONVOLUTED MYSTERY LACED WITH ALOT OF MEANINGLESS THEORIES,ABOUT SUPERNATURAL FORCES,WHAT YOU CALL GOD!

TO ME IT’S ALL MEANINGLESS PSYCHO BABBLE,FOR THE MASSES AND THOSE WHO ARE AFRAID OF THE WORLD THEY LIVE IN.SINCE NONE OF THIS MADNESS HAS EVER HAD A POSTIVE AFFECT ON OUR COLLECTIVE STRUGGLES,IT’S MEANINGLESS TO EVEN WASTE MY MIND ON THE TOPIC.

HISTORICALLY RELGIONS HAVE BEEN AND CONTIUNE TO BE VEHICLES TO CONTROL AND MISDIRECT HUMANS. EVEN IN TODAYS WORLD WE SEE IT BEING,PLAYED OUT ALL OF OVER THE WORLD,FROM AFRICA TO THE MIDDLE EAST.

TO ME PHILOSOPHY IS THE MEAT OF DEAD MEN AND RELGIOUS MANIA IS THE BREAD. SO THERE YOU HAVE IT IN A NUT SHELL,REAL SIMPLE AND WITH OUT ALOT OF HOCUS POCUS!

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By MenNefer ( – 152.163.213.47) on Thursday, November 23, 2000 – 02:46 am:
Tua NETER!! MAN..THIS WEB PAGE IS WILD AND REVEALS THE MALAISE THAT RUNS RAMPID AMONGST ALL CULTURES AND FURTHER DELUDES.I HAVE A PROVERB TO OFFER…DO NOT SEEK TO FOLLOW IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE MEN OF OLD;SEEK WHAT THEY SOUGHT.IN NO WAY AM I GOING TO TRY AND INTIMATE SOME MAGICAL TRANFORMATIVE LINEAR PHRASE TO TRY AND CALIBRATE,FURTHER MORE, CIVILIZE A MIND IN NEED OF SPIRITUAL REMUNERATION,I ONLY WANT TO SAY STOP ARGUING OVER A FALLIABLE STRUCTURE STOP CRYING AND TRYING TO PROVE TO EACH OTHER AD NAUSEUM THE ETHNICITY OF THE ANCIENT ONES ,THOSE WHO TRULY KNOW SHOULD BE PROUD THAT DOGS HAVE CONFLUENCED AROUND THE TABLE TO GET SCRAPS BECAUSE THEY WANT THE TRUTH TOO BUT NOT THE REALITY OF THE CULTURE HMMM THERE WHITE WIG WEARING ANCESTORES SPENT ARDUOUS YEARS TRYING TO PUT A DAMN LABEL ON EVERYTHING AND WHAT MAKES YOU THINK THATS GOING TO STOP,IF YOU WANT TO CHECK ONE OF THESE PSUEDOCONCIOUS NEGROES TRY LIVING THE LAWS OF MA-AT ,LET HER MEANING AND ESSENCE PERVADE YOUR SPHERE OF AWARENESS IF NOT WE KAMAU WE MA-AT KHERU ARE NOT TRYING TO HERE ANYMORE INANE RANTINGS SPEW FORTH FROM YOUR FORKED TOUNGE NO MATTER WHAT SHADE YOU REPRESENTING THE TRUTH IS THE TRUTH!!!!!!

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By Darkoverlord;waitng to see what this is all about ( – 12.72.0.107) on Wednesday, November 29, 2000 – 02:45 pm:
In order to communicate a message,you have to speak in words that reflect what it is your trying to say. Speaking metaporically ,doesn’t work for the unenlightened.
Since your here,we have to ask what did ya bring,besides a few expressions frmon the muter neter. Being PADONTIC,serves what purpose,or then to mysitfy ?If ya came with info. then make it seen,if ya came with more deliberate mysicism,we’ve seen it all before.

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By DARKOVERLORD ( – 164.124.250.203) on Wednesday, November 29, 2000 – 11:23 pm:
IT MUST BE BEING EBONICS OR SOMETHING-AND SHE-IT!!

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By Ptah Da Architect ( – 216.42.39.154) on Wednesday, December 6, 2000 – 12:15 pm:
Em Hotep, I have this book & I must say that although I haven’t finished it yet it is a MUST HAVE! I’m not all for wild-out theories on the ethnicity of our ancestors but I am for correcting the wrong and the mis-takes made when portraying us (Africans) to the world. Honestly if you KNOW then it won’t matter about debating who was black & who wasn’t. Mer Ua Em Hotep Ptah

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By Angela Diarberry ( – 24.229.76.95) on Friday, December 8, 2000 – 12:04 am:
I am here because I homeschool my children and want to know what to teach my children about kwanzaa. I have never been taught anything about it. I have a few questions:

1. Does having a separate holiday for black people contribute to the lack of unity among whites and blacks? Isn’t the goal equality rather than constantly pointing out our differences? How will we ever have peace if we don’t “melt” together?
2. Why do black people refer to themselves as African-Americans? Wouldn’t it be more conducive to peace if we just called each other American? I mean, I don’t go around calling myself European American. I did have ancestors who were from European descent, but they were all dead years before I was born and I have no desire to live in Europe. My connections, my patriotism, and my roots are all 100% American.
3. Is it silly for white people to celebrate Kwanzaa? (Similar to how non-Irish people celebrate St. Patrick’s day) Why or why not?

Hopefully we can benefit from good, intelligent dialog.

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By propheTess ( – 204.0.154.135) on Wednesday, December 20, 2000 – 05:32 pm:
To any very confused person: this is for you.

Mathematically, logically and with intelligent reasoning ( as one brother put it earlier on)
you may judge superiority in race by their ability
to survive and endure any circumstance. The being that develops and masters this technique; whether they are literate or not, black, white, red or green,fast or slow,civilized /uncivilized, etc…
This Being of existance (Collectively) is historically far more superior on earth & through
out the Universe. DO THE MATH and STUDY UP ON THAT STORY(NOT HIS STORY)!

KEEP RISING MY BEAUTIFUL BLACK PEOPLE- propheTess

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By Mike E ( – 205.212.150.240) on Tuesday, December 26, 2000 – 10:30 am:
To Angela Diarberry
I would not teach my kids anything about kwanzaa the whole “so called holiday” is nothing but racism, it was a made up holiday to push along racism and if you were to talk to the people that follow this stuff you will find out they hate whites, asian’s, european’s, you will even find out that they even hate black’s that don’t believe there garbage, it’s like this african american stuff, I have asked WHERE is AFRICA AMERICA, and nobody has answered me yet, and the ones that say that the true God of the bible KJV is black have no proof of that, there taking verses out of context, what was Jesus He was a Jew, the earth is only 6000-7000 years old we can prove that, we know the different colors and races started at the tower bable, the bible say’s that but it says nothing of what color Adam was as far as I can find, so no I would not teach your children about kwanzaa it is about hate!!!

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By Blondie ( – 209.46.58.254) on Friday, December 29, 2000 – 03:41 pm:
Wow- to Angela Diarberry- Congrats on teaching your children the importance of different cultures! I am also a white female that is studying up on different cultures/traditions/ roles/race ect. and have questions raised like yours. I hope someone that is open-minded, honest and willing to teach, not preach, can/will answer them. I am interested in seeing the black American’s point of view. I know that I share the same view as in question #2. I could give many of my own answers- but they always tend to lead to more questions! Also, for whites to celebrate Kwanzaa, would it be hipprocritical? I know I wouldn’t celebrate Hannakuh- but that is religious. Kwanzaa carries some very strong points for any culture.
I had to say “wow” at the beginning because of the response from Mike E.. My own personal opinion is that he is an idiot, and an embarrasasment to my race, and should just have his mouth taped and then thrown into a corner. But maybe Angela should show his answer to her children and see what they learn from it. Sometimes studying ignorance can be the best lesson.
I came to this website to learn about Kwanzaa, and end up for the last hour reading through letters about arguements I didn’t even know exsisted/mattered, of frustation, of rage. The arguement of who came first amazes me. To me, it makes sense the black people orginated first. Life will begin to exist where conditions are optimal. Humans started to lose color, “became white,” when they migrated to northern, colder conditions. Dark pigment, fleshy facial features disappeared when they hindered survival in the cooler climates. I don’t agree with the arguement that whites are selfish and greedy, but if you look at it, as a primitive being, living in the cold, snow, having to search for food, don’t you think as a people, it makes sense that whites are more aggressive? And does that really make whites evil? I think it is more of terms of survival of the fittest. I don’t know. Please don’t think I’m trivialising anything, and maybe I am way off base. I’m trying to learn, and unfortunately there is no easy answer. At least not in the US. I just think too many people get caught up on little things, and it becomes whoever can scream the loudest wins.
So anyway- that’s this white girl’s 2 cents.

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By Tjmax ( – 209.240.220.242) on Friday, January 5, 2001 – 02:05 pm:
So many whites have come to black sites to try to discredit afrocentric history,so rather than keep throwing hurtful words back and forth at each other,whitch do not add any insight
to this debate,so am about to bring some insight to the afrocentric debate.I’ll first quote some white scholars and their research and then we can move on to quote the ancient people who saw and understood what they were seening.Now,first we’ll see what some modern whites had to say,then we’ll go on to what the ancient people had to say[from the book The missing pages of his-story by Indus Khamit Kush :Professor Beatrice lumpkin raises a very critical question[why haven’t we been taught that the base of our so-called western civilization was created by the African peoples of Egypt

Two other European historians put it like this:The hisorians R.R.Palmer and joel calton in their massive book A History of the modern world wrote:There was really no Europe in ancient times.Europeans were by no means the pioneers of human civilization.Half of recorded history had passed before anyone in Europe could read or write.The priests of Egypt began to keep written records between 4000 and 3000 B.C.,while the pharaohs were building the frst pyramids,Europeans were creating nothing more distinguishe than huge garbage heaps. Jacques Weulersse,a French historian,in his work L’Afrique Noire compares Africa with Europe and candidly writes:At a time when all Europe was only savagery,when Paris and london were swamps, and Rome and Athens uninhabited sites, Africa already possessed an antique civilization in the valley of the nile;it had populous cities…great public works,sciences,and arts;it had already produced Gods. Was it not Aristotle who said:The races that live in cold regions and those of Europe are full of courage and passion but somewhat lacking in skill and brain power;they lack political cohesion and the ability to rule others. Professor Erman in his book,life in ancient Egypt states:Ethnologists assert that nothing exists in the physical structure of the Egyptian to distinguish him from the native African,and that from the Egyptian to the negro population of tropical Africa,a series of links exist which do not admit of a break. Egyptologist G.R.Gliddon lays out the conclusion we must come to if we accept the African origins of the ancient Egyptians:so far then,as the record,scriptural,historical and monumental,will afford us an insight into the early progress of the human race in Egypt[the most ancient of allcivilized countries]that civilization originated in Ethiopia,and consequently among an African people,and was by them brought down the nile…we,who trace back to Egypt the origins of every art and science known in antiquity,have to thank the sable Negro…for the first gleams of knowledge and invention. According to the scholar,Joseph McCabe:”…our ancestors remained…pure barbarians,during the two thousand years when the dark men…were constructing civilization…until about 700B.C. the philosophers of the world would have said that white men seemed incapable of civilization…quoteing from the book ,The new science and the story of evolution,p.292-98. Gaston Masoero[1846-1916]on the opinion of all the ancient writers on te Egyptian race states:By the almost unanimous testimony of ancient historians,they belonged to an African race. There is a lot more,but my time is limited,so I leave you with this by that eminent black scholar and historian,John Henrik Clarke,who once commented:some people…had come to your land taken you over,processed your mind into thinking he has always been civilized and you have always been waiting for him to bring the light.What happened when you found out that he had no light.

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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Friday, January 5, 2001 – 04:35 pm:
God created himself out of triple darkness and then he made man in his image and after his own likeness. The original man was black. There is no question about that. Archeologists of all races have to acknowledge that fact. They have been digging all over the world for many many years and everything that they dig up looks like Black people. This certainly bears witness to who was here first. The european’s history can only be traced back 6,000 years, that is why he tries to make people believe that that is when the earth started. He wants to take credit for the pyramids, but he was not there. With all of his technology, he still cannot explain how the pyramids remain at 72 degrees at all times. It baffles him. The Black man goes back millions of years, this is why I can’t understand how we can allow the european to tell us about God and who he is. How arrogant of him, how gullible of us, when we survived for so many centuries before he was even created. Do we really believe that we knew nothing of God and spirituality before his late arrival. He is the last species of mankind to arrive on the planet and has raised more hell and caused more death and destruction than all of the other races combined. One only has to study, pray for understanding and use common sense to understand who we are and what our purpose is. When you look into the eyes of the Black Man and Black Woman, you are looking into the eyes of GOD! This is why the european feels so compelled to keep us deaf, dumb, blind and divided. He knows that if you study your origins and understand where and who you came from, you will no longer look at him with a kind of awe and worship. You will begin to see that he is not a giant after all. He is a master of illusion and trickery. You will no longer fear him and you will take your rightful place in the world, and that is on top. This is why he fears you and feels a need to keep the Black race divided. He doesn’t have a problem with Jewish, Asian, Korean, or Mexican unity, but every time we talk about unity, he tells us that we are just americans and calls us racists when we make an effort to heal our families and communities. If we are really “just americans”, why are we always at the bottom of everything that is good, and at the top of everything that is negative? Wake up Black Man and Black Woman. Stay focused, stay prayerful and obedient and continue to study and then we will awaken from this deep sleep that we have been put into. We are a beautiful, intelligent, creative and magnificent people when we are in our right minds.
Black Man Rising!

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By Madhuri Kayvalya ( – 63.44.251.208) on Saturday, February 24, 2001 – 02:44 am:
The Hitler Project
Bush Property Seized–Trading with the Enemy

In October 1942, ten months after entering World War II, America was preparing its first assault against Nazi military forces. Prescott Bush was managing partner of Brown Brothers Harriman. His 18-year-old son George, the future U.S. President, had just begun training to become a naval pilot. On Oct. 20, 1942, the U.S. government ordered the seizure of Nazi German banking operations in New York City which were being conducted by Prescott Bush.

President Bush’s family had already played a central role in financing and arming Adolf Hitler for his takeover of Germany; in financing and managing the buildup of Nazi war industries for the conquest of Europe and war against the U.S.A.; and in the development of Nazi genocide theories and racial propaganda, with their well-known results.

The facts presented here must be known, and their implications reflected upon, for a proper understanding of President George Herbert Walker Bush and of the danger to mankind that he represents. The President’s family fortune was largely a result of the Hitler project. The powerful Anglo-American family associations, which later boosted him into the Central Intelligence Agency and up to the White House, were his father’s partners in the Hitler project.

By deciding that Prescott Bush and the other directors of the Union Banking Corp. were legally front men for the Nazis, the government avoided the more important historical issue: In what way were Hitler’s Nazis themselves hired, armed and instructed by the New York and London clique of which Prescott Bush was an executive manager? Let us examine the Harriman-Bush Hitler project from the 1920s until it was partially broken up, to seek an answer for that question.

Origin and Extent of the Project
Fritz Thyssen and his business partners are universally recognized as the most important German financiers of Adolf Hitler’s takeover of Germany. At the time of the order seizing the Thyssen family’s Union Banking Corp., Mr. Fritz Thyssen had already published his famous book, I Paid Hitler, admitting that he had financed Adolf Hitler and the Nazi movement since October 1923. Thyssen’s role as the leading early backer of Hitler’s grab for power in Germany had been noted by U.S. diplomats in Berlin in 1932

Prescott Bush became vice president of W.A. Harriman & Co. in 1926. That same year, a friend of Harriman and Bush set up a giant new organization for their client Fritz Thyssen, prime sponsor of politician Adolf Hitler. The new German Steel Trust, Germany’s largest industrial corporation, was organized in 1926 by Wall Street banker Clarence Dillon. Dillon was the old comrade of Prescott Bush’s father Sam Bush from the “ Merchants of Death ” bureau in World War I.

Brown Brothers had a racial tradition that fitted it well for the Hitler project! American patriots had cursed its name back in U.S. Civil War days. Brown Brothers, with offices in the U.S.A. and in England, had carried on their ships fully 75 percent of the slave cotton from the American South over to British mill owners. Now in 1931, the virtual dictator of world finance, Bank of England Governor Montagu Collet Norman, was a former Brown Brothers partner, whose grandfather had been boss of Brown Brothers during the U.S. Civil War.

In 1931, while Prescott Bush ran the New York office of Brown Brothers Harriman, Prescott’s partner was Montagu Norman’s intimate friend Thatcher Brown. The Bank of England chief always stayed at the home of Prescott’s partner on his hush-hush trips to New York. Prescott Bush concentrated on the firm’s German activities

Hitler’s Ladder to Power
Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany January 30, 1933, and absolute dictator in March 1933, after two years of expensive and violent lobbying and electioneering. Two affiliates of the Bush-Harriman organization played great parts in this criminal undertaking: Thyssen’s German Steel Trust; and the Hamburg-Amerika Line and several of its executives

The Flick-Harriman partnership was directly supervised by Prescott Bush, President Bush’s father, and by George Walker, President Bush’s grandfather.

On March 19, 1934, Prescott Bush–then director of the German Steel Trust’s Union Banking Corporation–initiated an alert to the absent Averell Harriman about a problem which had developed in the Flick partnership. Bush sent Harriman a clipping from the New York Times of that day, which reported that the Polish government was fighting back against American and German stockholders who controlled “ Poland’s largest industrial unit, the Upper Silesian Coal and Steel Company…. ”

Warrants were issued in December for several directors accused of tax evasions. They were German citizens and they fled. They were replaced by Poles. Herr Flick, regarding this as an attempt to make the company’s board entirely Polish, retaliated by restricting credits until the new Polish directors were unable to pay the workmen regularly. ”

The Times noted that the company’s mines and mills “ employ 25,000 men and account for 45 percent of Poland’s total steel output and 12 percent of her coal production. Two-thirds of the company’s stock is owned by Friedrich Flick, a leading German steel industrialist, and the remainder is owned by interests in the United States. ”

In view of the fact that a great deal of Polish output was being exported to Hitler Germany under depression conditions, the Polish government thought that Prescott Bush, Harriman and their Nazi partners should at least pay full taxes on their Polish holdings. The U.S. and Nazi owners responded with a lockout.

Nazi tanks and bombs “ settled ” this dispute in September, 1939 with the invasion of Poland, beginning World War II. The Nazi army had been equipped by Flick, Harriman, Walker and Bush, with materials essentially stolen from Poland.

In many ways, Bush’s Hamburg-Amerika Line was the pivot for the entire Hitler project

The Schroeder family of bankers was a linchpin for the Nazi activities of Harriman and Prescott Bush, closely tied to their lawyers Allen and John Foster Dulles.

Baron Kurt von Schroeder was co-director of the massive Thyssen-Hu@autte foundry along with Johann Groeninger, Prescott Bush’s New York bank partner. Kurt von Schroeder was treasurer of the support organization for the Nazi Party’s private armies, to which Friedrich Flick contributed. Kurt von Schroeder and Hjalmar Schacht together made the final arrangements for Hitler to enter the government.

Baron Rudolph von Schroeder was vice president and director of the Hamburg-Amerika Line. Long an intimate contact of Averell Harriman’s in Germany, Baron Rudolph sent his grandson Baron Johann Rudolph for a tour of Prescott Bush’s Brown Brothers Harriman offices in New York City in December 1932–on the eve of their Hitler-triumph.

Certain actions taken directly by the Harriman-Bush shipping line in 1932 must be ranked among the gravest acts of treason in this century.

The U.S. embassy in Berlin reported back to Washington that the “ costly election campaigns ” and “ the cost of maintaining a private army of 300,000 to 400,000 men ” had raised questions as to the Nazis’ financial backers. The constitutional government of the German republic moved to defend national freedom by ordering the Nazi Party private armies disbanded. The U.S. embassy reported that the Hamburg-Amerika Line was purchasing and distributing propaganda attacks against the German government, for attempting this last-minute crackdown on Hitler’s forces.

For his part in the Hitler revolution, Prescott Bush was paid a fortune.

This is the legacy he left to his son, President George Bush.

George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography — by Webster G. Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin

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By Chugalug ( – 64.167.88.42) on Tuesday, April 24, 2001 – 07:42 pm:
Race is irrelevant. Race is only a veil. Life is an individual struggle. “The Races” should stop pointing fingers at each other; it is pointless and childish. We all need to take responsibility for our own souls. Despite what those who would control you would have you believe, the personal is NOT political. It’s time to stop jerking off.

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By Damani6 ( – 161.149.50.100) on Tuesday, May 8, 2001 – 07:47 pm:
Hey Whiteboy!

You have no claim to America since you cannot digest the fact that the cement that is the foundation of America is held together by the blood weat and tears of Africans stolen from their country by your forefather or sold into slavery by thier forefather. Your ignorance is full of wind. Let me share some wisdom with you that can change your backward life if you dare try. Since you feel that Africans and Blacks are worthless and have not contributed anything to the society of men, try not using inventions made by blackmen and women. For example:
(1) Try writing without paper. Africans invented and used paper in Timbuktu long before the first Eygptian dynasty. That means you cannot wipe you behind, if you get my point, but that okay, before you kind was introduced to the wonders of the black world, they used leaves or their hands. Nasty!
(2)If you have a car, pray it does not break down. If it does, tell your mechanic not to use a wrench because it was created by a worthless, count-for-nothing blackman (John A. Johnson).
(3) I hope you do not use a clothes dress to store your neatly folded laundry. If you do, throw it way because it was invented by a blackman (John J. Jordan.)
(4) I hope you do not live where it gets cold. If you do you can go back to the backward ways of your people before Musa (a blackman) taugth to make fire, because a blackwoman invented the heating furnace (Alice H. Parker)
(5) Remeber Henry Ford Whiteboy. Well you would not if it were not for J. Gregory. He was the balckman who invented the internal conbustion engine.

I could go on for hours with the inventions of black Americans that would leave your lifestyle in form it was in before the first white person ever laid eyes on a blackman if you dare do without them. As a matter of fact, the first blackman white people every saw was Hannibal who was conquering the whitea–s. Now, this is a rhetorical question so save your ignorant ramblings. If Africans were so backward as you claim, who other than God can claim the providence from which the ideas, concepts and insights to create the wonderful things that you take for granted have come from. Yes, crawl back in your hole and take a stick of dynamite with you when you go. BOOM!

Just because you live in a system that provides previlages to white boys, do not think for a moment that ignorance will get you anywhere. Did you know that there are more white people on welfare than black, receiving greater benefits due to Affirmation Action than blacks. What vaccum did you step out of.

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By kinks_83 ( – 216.196.24.170) on Tuesday, June 26, 2001 – 02:52 am:
I am currently reading the book which sparked this debate, The Destruction of Black Civilization by Chancellor Williams. I personally give the book a lot of praise because it not only answered previous existing questions of our history, but exposed facts which created new ones. For instance, one comment I read claimed there was no real proof of African Civilization and Achievements, however this work chronologically exposes the great and obviously intentional “black out” in European history. Williams catalogues numerous events throughout history of African interactions with Europeans and Asians, and simply the proof is in the pudding. For any White, Black, Arab , Latinos ect. who questions the origin of civilization, the blackness of egypt, the development of the arts and sciences, the beginnings of communication, and the specific events which led to the downfall of our greatness this is definately a must read . So white Boy if you’re looking for proof open the book, and if you want to know why you should teach your kids about kwanzaa open the book, and if you want to kwow why africans in america can’t advance open the book and then read the miseducation of the Negro by Carter G Woodson. Because frankly for us to have been fighting off global attack from all of Asia, Europe, and other prdominantly white civilization for five thousand years(pg.58) we’re doing quite well for ourselves. So open the Book all my brothers and sisters and open your eyes. Because true equality can only be layed on a foundation of truth, and therefore an admission of guilt and reparation must occur before we can begin to mend this two sided world which exist today. For your days are numbered and if we continue to be pushed to civil disobedience to be heard, then the repercussion that will tossed upon the white race will be tradgic, but executed by all means necessary. You all only make up 2% of the population, so how long do you really believe our naivete and righteousness will allow you to keep this up? GLOBAL ASSASSANATIONS. Somebodies gonna pay for all these years of poverty and the rape of our nation.So keep up you white bastards we’ll see who gets the last laugh. If you were smart you call the truce now while some of us still ike you, cause this could get ugly.

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By PABCD ( – 158.252.92.40) on Thursday, September 6, 2001 – 02:57 pm:
As a military brat I have lived all over the world and the one thing that is noticable is that the variations in races blend as the borders have changed over the centuries. With the conquest of one country over the other, back and forth with one inslaving the other , is there really any race that can say that they are pure. I don’t think so. There is no one race better than another, and there is no culture or religion that is better than any other. Just men trying to make themselves feel that they are something more than they are (JUST MEN). The only ones who do have the right to complain is WOMEN. We have been and still are inslaved and tortured just for being born a woman. There is no civilization on this planet who can say that their women have been treated equally to their men.

“THE DESTRUCTION OF BLACK CIVILIZATION” BY BROTHER CHANCELLOR WILLIAMS: A REVIEW BY SAADIQ MANCE FROM EMERGINGMINDS.ORG

October 1, 2007

from emergingminds.org

Book Review: The Destruction of Black Civilization

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Book written by Chancellor Williams
Reviewed by Saadiq Mance

In the past, I have heard several people refer to The Destruction of Black Civilization, by Chancellor Williams as the “Black Bible.” With such a lofty analogy attached to this book, I wonder to this day why it took me so long to read this amazing story of Black history. Well, Black History Month 2007 would be the year my eyes would be open…and all I can say at this point is thank you Chancellor Williams!

All of my life I have questioned why Black people throughout the world have experienced such a plight and why it has been so difficult for us to overcome it. Well The Destruction of Black Civilization is a book of answers, as it answers most of the major questions that people have about the African race. Such as:

“How did such a highly advanced Black Civilization get so completely destroyed that its people have found themselves not only behind other people of the world, but as well, the color of their skin a sign of inferiority, bad luck, and the badge of the slave whether bond or fee?”

“How did all Black Egypt become all white Egypt?”

“What were some of the specific details in the process that so completely blotted out the achievements of the African race from the annals of history?”

“How and under what circumstances did Africans, among the very first people to invent writing, lose this art almost completely?”

“Is there a single African race, one African people?”

“If we are one race or one people, how do you explain the numerous languages, cultural varieties and tribal groupings?”

“Since, as it seems, that there is far more disunity, self-hatred and mutual antagonism among Blacks than any other people, is there a historical explanation for this?”

“How is the undying love of Blacks for their Europeans and Asian conquerors and enslavers explained?”

Chancellor Williams does not just answers these questions as an arm charm scholar either, no not at all. Williams created this book after 16 years of research which included a precise investigation of Africa’s own independently developed civilization by doing a continent-wide field study from the Mediterranean extending southward down the Nile into the “bush” far way from the westernized urban centers, through the tip of the country in South Africa.

That data he uncovered is startling! If you haven’t read this magnificent work yet then I would suggest you stop reading this right now and go pick up the book and start reading it now

A PRELIMINARY GLOBAL AFRICAN PRESENCEBOOK LIST*,COMPILED AND POSTED BY RUNOKO RASHIDI,SUBMITTED BY BROTHER DARRELL DAVIS TO ” BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL”

September 29, 2007

from Brother Darrell Davis

A PRELIMINARY GLOBAL AFRICAN PRESENCE BOOK LIST*

Compiled and posted by RUNOKO RASHIDI

DEDICATED TO DR. JOHN HENRIK CLARKE (1915-1998)

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Akbar, Na’im. Visions for Black Men. Nashville: Winston-Derek, 1991.

Ani, Marimba. Yurugu: An African-Centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1994.

Armah, Ayi Kwei. Two Thousand Seasons. Poppenguine, Senegal: Per Ankh, 2000.

Begg, Ean. The Cult of the Black Virgin. London: Arkana, 1986.

Ben-Jochannan, Yosef A.A. Black Man of the Nile and His Family. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1989.

Ben-Jochannan, Yosef A.A. African Origins of the Major Western Religions. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1991.

Bennett, Lerone. Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America. Harmondsworth: 1962.

Browder, Anthony Y. Nile Valley Contributions to Civilizations: Exploding the Myths, Volume 1. Introduction by John Henrik Clarke: Washington, DC: Institute of Karmic Guidance, 1992.

Butweiku I, Nana Ekow. Afrikan Theology, Cosmogony & Philosophy: An Insight on Traditional Afrikan Religion. Introduction by Runoko Rashidi. Hampton: UB & US Communications Systems, 1999.

Bynum, Edward Bruce. The African Unconscious: Roots Ancient Mysticism and Modern Psychology. Foreword by Linda James Myers. New York: Teachers College,

Carruthers, Jacob H. The Irritated Genie: An Essay on the Haitian Revolution. Chicago: The Kemetic Institute, 1985.

Carruthers, Jacob H. Intellectual Warfare. Chicago: Third World Press, 1999.

Carruthers, Jacob H., and Leon Harris, eds. African World History Project: The Preliminary Project. Chicago: Kemetic Institute, 1996.

Chandler, Wayne B. Ancient Future: The Teachings and Prophetic Wisdom of the Seven Hermetic Laws of Ancient Egypt. Introduction by Ivan Van Sertima. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1999.

Chinweizu. The West and the Rest of Us. Lagos: Nok Publishers, 1978.

Clarke, John Henrik. Notes for an African World Revolution: Africans at the Crossroads. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1991.

DeGraft-Johnson, J.C. African Glory: The Story of Vanished Negro Civilizations. 1954; reprinted. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1985.

Diop, Cheikh Anta. African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality. Translated from the French by Mercer Cook. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1974,

Diop, Cheikh Anta. The Cultural Unity of Black Africa.: The Domains of Patriarchy and Matriarchy in Classical Antiquity. Introduction by John Henrik Clarke. Afterword by James G. Spady. Chicago: Third World Press, 1978.

Diop, Cheikh Anta. Civilization or Barbarism: An Authentic Anthropology. Translated from the French by Yaa-Lengi Meema Ngemi. Edited by Harold J. Salemson and Marjolijn de Jager. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1991.

Drake, St. Clair. Black Folk Here and There: An Essay in History and Anthropology, Volume 1. Los Angeles: Center for Afro-American Studies, UCLA, 1987,

Elder, Bruce. Blood on the Wattle: Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australians Since 1988. Sydney: New Holland Publishers, 1998.

Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1963.

Finch III, Charles S. Echoes of the Old Darkland: Themes from the African Eden. Decatur: Khenti, 1991.

Finch III, Charles S. The Star of Deep of Beginnings: The Genesis of African Science of Technology. Decatur: Khenti, 1998.

Fraser, Rosalie. Shadow Child: A Memoir of the Stolen Generation. Alexandria: Hale & Iremonger, 1998.

Gnammankou, Dieudonne. Pouchkine et le Monde Noir. Paris: Presence Africaine, 1999.

Guillon, Emmanuel. Cham Art: Treasures from the Da Nang Museum, Vietnam. Bangkok: River Books, 2001.

Harris, Joseph E.,ed. Africa and Africans as Seen by Classical Writers: The William Leo Hansberry Notebook, Volume 2. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1977.

Hilliard III, Asa G. The Maroon Within Us. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1994.

Hilliard III, Asa G. SBA: The Reawakening of the African Mind. Foreword by Wade W. Nobles. Gainesville: Makare, 1997

Houston, Drusilla Dunjee. Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Cushite Empire. 1926; rpt. Introduction by W. Paul Coates. Afterword by Asa G. Hilliard III. Commentary by James G. Spady. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1985.

Jackson, John G. Introduction to African Civilizations. Foreword by Runoko Rashidi. Introduction by John Henrik Clarke. New York: Citadel, 2001.

James, George G.M. Stolen Legacy: The Greeks Were not the Authors of Greek Philosophy, but the People of North Africa Commonly Called the Egyptians. 1954; rpt. Introduction by Asa G. Hilliard III. San Francisco: Julian Richardson, 1988.

Katz, William Loren. Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage. New York: Atheneum, 1986.

Killens, John Oliver. Great Black Russian: A Novel on the Life and Times of Alexander Pushkin. Introduction by Addison Gayle. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1989.

Martin, Tony. Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Dover: The Majority Press, 1976.

McCray, Walter Arthur. The Black Presence in the Bible: Discovering the Black and African Identity of Biblical Persons and Nations. Chicago: Black Light Fellowship, 1990.

Moore, Carlos, ed. African Presence in the Americas. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1995.

Obenga, Theophile. Ancient Egypt and Black Africa: A Student’s Handbook for the Study of Ancient Egypt in Philosophy, Linguistics and Gender Relations. London: Karnak House, 1992.

Rajshekar, V.T. Dalit: The Black Untouchables of India. Foreword by Y.N. Kly. Afterword by Runoko Rashidi. Atlanta: Clarity Press, 1995.

Rashidi, Runoko, and Ivan Van Sertima, eds. African Presence in Early Asia. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1995.

Raven, Susan. Rome in Africa. London: Routledge, 1993.

Rodney, Walter. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Introduction by Vincent Harding. Postscript by A.M. Babu. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1982.

Rogers, Joel Augustus. Sex and Race. Rogers: New York 1942.

Rogers, Joel Augustus. World’s Great Men of Color, two volumes. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Sabbioni, Jennifer, Kay Schaffer and Sidonie Smith, eds. Indigenous Australian Voices: A Reader. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

Scobie, Edward. Global African Presence. Introduction by Ivan Van Sertima. Brooklyn: A & B Books, 1994.

Sharp, Saundra. Black Women for Beginners. New York: Writers and Readers, 1993.

Van Sertima, Ivan. They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America. New York: Random House, 1976.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. African Presence in Early Europe. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1985.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Egypt Revisited. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1989.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Golden Age of the Moor. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1992.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Egypt: Child of Africa. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1994.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Early America Revisited. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1998.

Van Sertima, Ivan, and Larry Obadele Williams, eds. Great African Thinkers, Volume 1: Cheikh Anta Diop. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1986.

Welsing, Frances Cress. The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors. Chicago: Third World Press, 1991.

Williams, Chancellor. The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race from 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D. Chicago: Third World Press, 1987.

Wilson, Amos N. Afrikan-Centered Consciousness Versus the New World Order: Garveyism in the Age of Globalism. New York: Afrikan World Infosystems, 1999.

Woodson, Carter G. The Mis-Education of the Negro. Washington, DC: Associated Publishers, 1933.

X, Malcolm. Malcolm X on Afro-American History. New York: Pathfinder, 1970.

ITALIANO # 2

August 12, 2007

FROM google.translate

““QUANDO LA GENTE NERA HA REGOLATO IL MONDO„ DALLA SERIE DI CLEGG A MELANET.COMDEUTSCH: GROSSE BUCHER AUF SCHWARZEN ZIVISATIONEN VON HOMESTEAD.COM„LIBRI GRANDI SULLE CIVILIZZAZIONI NERE DA HOMESTEAD.COM
da: homestead.com

L’origine africana di civilizzazione: Mito o realtà

dal Dott. Cheikh Anta Diop

Egyptology si è sviluppato nell’accordo con lo sviluppo del commercio slave e del sistema coloniale. Era durante questo periodo che l’Egitto è stato preso letteralmente dall’Africa, academically ed ha fatto un’estensione di Europa. In molti sensi l’Egitto è la chiave a storia africana antica. La storia africana è da kilter fino a considerare l’Egitto antico come nazione africana distinta. Il fiume del Nilo ha svolto un ruolo importante nel rapporto nell’Egitto alle nazioni in Africa sudorientale. Durante la storia remota dell’Africa, il Nilo era una strada principale culturale grande su cui gli elementi di civilizzazione sono entrato in e dall’Africa interna. Nel capitolo ha denominato, “nascita del mito del Negro,„ esposizioni del Dott. Diop come la gente africana, di cui le civilizzazioni erano vecchie prima che Europa fosse sopportata, è stata letta sistematicamente dal commento rispettoso di storia umana. Questo esame è continuato nel capitolo denominato, “falsificazione moderna di storia.„ Qui, il Dott. Cheikh Anta Diop si occupa di come gli storici occidentali, dato che i cinquecento anni ultimi hanno scritto o riscritto la storia che glorifica la gente dell’estrazione europea ed hanno storto la storia del resto del mondo. Coloro che legge seriamente questo libro sono dentro per una scossa e un’esperienza ricompensante di imparare. Ciò è un lavoro importante da uno storico africano importante. Infine, la rinascita della storiografia africana da un punto di vista africano ha cominciato e nessun troppo presto.

Girandosi verso la falsificazione principale della storia dell’umanità, come la mette, i underlines di Cheikh Anta Diop che il tempo è venuto portare a giustizia alla corsa del Negro, danno a gente nera il loro accreditamento del debito per condurre il procedere ed ardere una traccia affinchè l’umanità seguano.
L’Egitto rivisitato: Giornale delle civilizzazioni africane

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Una compilazione di molti eruditi grandi che ripartiscono la loro perizia. Questo libro ha molte foto antiche.

Indici:

Corsa ed origine degli Egiziani antichi, i Dynasties neri ed i righelli, la filosofia e scienza degli Egiziani, i saggi vari ed il più.

Gli autori includono: Ivan Van Sertima, Chiekh Anta Diop, basilico Davidson, James Brunson, Bruce Williams, Runoko Rashidi, Chandler del Wayne B., asa G. Hilliard III, Legrand Clegg II, Phaon Goldman (Tarharka), Habib Sy, Theophile Obenga, fringillide del Charles S., Maulana Karenga, Larry Williams, Beatrice Lumpkin ed altri.
Scintilla nera, fuoco bianco: Gli esploratori africani hanno civilizzato Europa antica?

da Richard Poe

In scintilla nera, il fuoco bianco, Richard Poe cerca di oltrepassare le passioni e la politica che circondano questo oggetto. Esamina obiettivamente le edizioni e raggiunge le conclusioni che alcuni possono trovare startling.

Basato su sette anni di ricerca, compreso le interviste approfondite con gli eruditi e gli scienziati principali, la scintilla di nero, fuoco bianco è stata elogiata dagli esperti vari quanto il professor Molefi Kete Asante dell’università del tempiale, lo storico Martin Bernal dell’università de Cornell e l’esploratore norvegese Thor Heyerdahl. Con tutto il suspense di un racconto eccitante di mistero, la scintilla di nero segue una traccia snella degli indizii che conduce dagli altopiani dell’Etiopia alle carriole delle steppe russe. Raduna la storia dimenticata di un’età di esplorazione che si è conclusa quasi 3.000 anni prima di Columbus – un periodo quando l’Egitto ha regolato le onde, l’Africa era la sede imparare e di alimentazione ed Europa una frontiera selvaggia.
Contribuire prego a mantenere i regni neri dell’Africa antica in linea dai libri di acquisto da questa pagina, o potete comprare altri prodotti da Amazon scattandoti su c’è ne dei libri qui sotto. Amazon ha i prezzi eccellenti e servizio veloce.

Compro tutti i miei libri da Amazon, nuovo ed usato.

Wysinger-Redattore del Myra

Gli S.U.A.

Grazie per il vostro supporto.
Prima del pregiudizio di colore: La vista antica dei neri

dal M. franco Snowden

Secondo il Jr. del professor Emeritus Frank M. Snowden, (ab, Ph.D.) la Reparto-lettura di Classicist dell’università del Howard delle fonti, la religione “pionieristica a„ dei Ethiopians ed era chiave all’origine ed alla propagazione di molte delle abitudini che hanno esistito nell’Egitto. Gli Egiziani, è stato discusso, era discendenti dei Ethiopians. Snowden dichiara che il termine Kushites, Nubians, o Ethiopians è all’usato a più o meno allo stesso modo come il termine moderno “ha colorato„, “nero, o Negro„. “Le esperienze negli Africani che hanno raggiunto i puntelli stranieri della Grecia e l’Italia ha costituito un capitolo importante nella storia dell’antichità classica,„ scrive. “Usando la prova dalle figure di cotta di terra, pitture e le fonti classiche gradiscono Herodotus e Pliny il Elder, Snowden risulta, al contrario ai nostri presupposti moderni, che Greco-Romans non ha osservato gli Africani con contempt razziale. Molti Africani hanno lavorato nell’impero romano i musicisti, gli artigianale, gli eruditi ed i General come pure gli schiavi e sono stati notati tanto per la loro virtù quanto per la loro apparenza di avere “una faccia bruciata„ (da quale è venuto il Ethiopian nome greco)„.

Il professor Snowden ha ricevuto la medaglia nazionale di studi umanistici in 2003, che honors gli individui o i gruppi di cui il lavoro ha approfondito la comprensione della nazione degli studi umanistici, cittadini estesi’ aggancio con gli studi umanistici, o aiutato la conserva ed espande accesso degli Americani’ alle risorse importanti negli studi umanistici.
Neri nell’antichità: Ethiopians nell’esperienza Greco-Romana

dal M. franco Snowden

Ulteriore sviluppando i temi così eloquente profili nei neri nell’antichità, Jr. franco del M. Snowden continua le sue ricerche sugli atteggiamenti nei confronti degli Africani nelle civilizzazioni classiche di Roma e della Grecia. Snowden identifica i neri africani dall’Egitto, da Nubia (Sudan moderno), dall’Etiopia e da Carthage (Tunisia), discutere loro interazione-compreso intermarriage-con il Greco-Romans. (Inoltre nota che molte delle rappresentazioni artistiche di questa gente assomigliano agli Americani africani attuali.) dalle missioni commerciali dei dynasties egiziani alla loro conquista della rovina mediterranea ed ultima alle mani del Romans, Snowden unravels una storia complessa degli scambi culturali che hanno acceso per parecchi millenni in où il pregiudizio razziale non era un fattore. “Ci era un rispetto definito fra la gente mediterranea per i Ethiopians ed il loro modo di vivere,„ lui scrive, “e soprattutto, i ancients non hanno stereotipato i neri come primitivi difettosi nella religione e nella coltura.„ – Jr. del Eugene Holley.
Donne nere nell’antichità (giornale delle civilizzazioni africane; V. 6)

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Rassegna del cliente:

Ciò è un libro ricercato e molto da studioso del pozzo. Ivan Van Sertima così come i contributori a questo lavoro ha prodotto molta comprensione sulle donne africane nella storia del mondo come la regina Nzinga, le regine del candace, Makeda (regina di Sheba) Hatshepsut e molti altri. Ritengo che questo lavoro è di importanza grande e dovrebbe essere letto da tutti che siano interessati nel ruolo delle donne africane nella storia del mondo.
La civilizzazione africana ha rivisitato: Da antichità ai periodi moderni

da Basil Davidson

Dal giornale delle biblioteche:

Questo libro, da uno degli storici di primo ministro dell’Africa, è un’edizione un po’modificata ed ampliata di suo l’Africano oltre. Come prima, consiste degli snippets delle materie grezze storiche dall’Africa occidentale, orientale e del sud, dante risalto ai tempi di secolo di pre-19th. Lo studio su storia dell’Africano nero era relativamente nuovo quando questo libro originalmente è stato pubblicato, in modo da era utile come dimostrazione che l’Africa effettivamente ha avuta una storia. Ora, oltre 25 anni più successivamente, si si domanda se il punto deve essere fatto ancora una volta. Eppure, il relativo uso più grande può essere di precisare agli allievi la varietà di fonti disponibili per lo studio su storia africana. Ciò è suggerita per le collezioni che non hanno l’edizione originale.

Paul H. Thomas, Lib dell’installazione del Hoover., Stanford, caloria.
I Pharaohs neri: Righelli di Nubian dell’Egitto

da Robert G. Morkot

Descrizione del libro:

Un’indagine completa sul regno di Kushite, Sudan del Nord attuale, che brevemente ha controllato BC l’Egitto durante l’ottavo secolo ed ha influenzato gli affari egiziani per le centinaia degli anni. Morkot esamina le percezioni antiche ed antiquarian delle terre esotiche di Nubia e dell’Etiopia e tenta di legare le città di Kush al remains archaeological. Una grande parte dei concentrati del libro sul ruolo del Nubians durante i conflitti dell’Egitto con la Libia ed i Assyrians.
Kush – il gioiello di Nubia: Ricollegamento del sistema della radice di civilizzazione africana

da Miriam Ma’ -Ka-Re Monges

Rassegne editoriali

Dalla copertura posteriore

Il Cheikh grande Anta Diop ha identificato le radici di coltura africana da cui una può seguire i rami. Nessun ricercatore africano poiché, tuttavia, ha fornito un’analisi completa che collega le civilizzazioni antiche della valle del Nilo con l’universo africano. Dalle piramidi dell’Egitto alle pareti grandi dello Zimbabwe, gli eruditi occidentali hanno attribuito i successi di queste civilizzazioni africane indigene prodigious alla gente culturalmente e geograficamente straniero in Africa. Tuttavia, nel caso dell’impero antico di Nubian di Kush, che ha occupato la parte del sud di Kemet (Egitto antico) e tutto il Sudan attuale, si invitare gli eruditi ragionevoli ad attribuire questa coltura africana ad una gente africana. Il lavoro tanto necessario attuale segue le comunanze “culturali„ africane del Diop grandi del matriarchy, del totemism, del kinship divine e del cosmology al nucleo stesso della coltura di Kushite. Questo libro è sul filo di lama di nuova generazione della borsa di Afrocentric di cui mandato è fornire un’immagine più libera della natura allineare dell’Africa, esso genius di s e del relativo contributo genuino alle civilizzazioni del mondo.
Il luogo ha modificato 2007

Gli S.U.A.

Distruzione di civilizzazione nera: Emissioni grandi di una corsa da

4500 B.C – 2000 A.D.

da Chancellor Williams

Questo libro senza dubbio è uno dei libri che il più con attenzione ricercati ho letto mai.

Amo il senso che il sig. Williams con attenzione suddivide la storia dell’africano iniziale e le segue durante la loro storia. Fornisce i particolari competenti circa le realizzazioni ed i guasti della gente africana in anticipo. Ci è un tema di riproduzione in questo libro. Gli Africani indigeni guadagnano l’alimentazione e gli Africani indigeni perdono l’alimentazione. Quella dichiarazione riassume questo libro brevemente. Il sig. Williams entra nel particolare spiegare come l’Egitto nero potrebbe essere osservato dal mondo come essendo bianco. Le risposte a questo problema possono essere trovate cominciando dal capitolo due intitolato figlia più anziana dell’Etiopia: L’Egitto. In questo capitolo, propone “il problema del mulatto„ che ritengo sono chiave nel capire come la faccia dell’Africa in anticipo è stata cambiata. Quando altri gruppi di persone sono entrato dall’est gli Africani li hanno permessi di assimilare nella loro coltura. Ci erano molti sindacati interracial, che hanno tenuto conto una miscela delle parentele. Questa miscela delle parentele è che cosa conducono al demise dell’Africano nero totale dichiarano. Periodo ed il periodo di ancora popolano chi non ha fatto una destra naturale di nascita dichiarare affatto all’Africano si è conceduto fare in modo da è stato basato sull’unione o sul kinship. Ecco perchè lo studio del sig. Williams mostra come controllo africano indigeno di flip-flop di alimentazione così frequentemente. Ogni volta che l’Africano indigeno ha preso il controllo dell’Egitto l’alimentazione era cede dovuto i sindacati interracial o il kinship non accennare la violenza e gli atti della guerra. Di nuovo, in molti sensi questo piano d’azione è una riproduzione loro durante questo libro. L’incapacità africana iniziale di tenere sopra a che cosa era naturale suo ha causa altre da dubitare che dovrebbe essere dato dell’accreditamento affatto. Il sig. Williams segue che cosa accadono e fornisce i particolari eccellenti.
Ethiopians meravigliosi dell’impero antico di Cushite, libro 1

da Drusilla Dunjee Houston

I Ethiopians meravigliosi dell’impero antico di Cushite rappresenta il successo crowning della ms Drusilla Dunjee Houston. Il lavoro originalmente è stato pubblicato nella città di Oklahoma in 1926. È il tentativo in primo luogo conosciuto da una donna nera e forse da chiunque, di produrre un lavoro multi-volume su storia africana detta a da una prospettiva africana.

La ms Houston lei stessa era un educatore, un giornalista e uno storico. Ha speso la maggior parte della sua vita Oklahoma ed in Arizona ed ha soccombuto alla tubercolosi a Phoenix, Arizona in 1941.

Il suo lavoro è vasto e completo ed era abbastanza avanzato per il relativo tempo. Il relativo pubblico non è stato limitato agli eruditi ma al layperson, specialmente gente nera, che era necessitante un tonico esatto per amplificare il self-esteem nero. Mantiene persino oggi un valore potente, più di settanta anni dalla relativa pubblicazione iniziale. – Runoko Rashidi
Athena nero: Le radici Afroasiatic di civilizzazione classica

(Il montaggio della Grecia antica 1785-1985)

da Martin Bernal

Diverso di la maggior parte dei detrattori del Martin Bernal, ho letto tutti e tre le dei suoi libri: Athena nero I, Athena nero II e Martin Bernal risponde ai suoi critici. Bernal è miglia davanti al suo peso leggero, critici male colti e reactionary, che non hanno letto ovviamente suo libri là altamente documentati nell’interezza. I suoi detrattori stanno rispondendo ai loro atteggiamenti razzisti, inculcati in loro attraverso la loro coltura, in questi ultimi cinquecento anni (dato che il commercio europeo dello schiavo quando albini tentati per disumanizzare melanics). Se l’arresto degli albini che nega la verità dell’origine di cosiddetta civilizzazione “occidentale„ (tutta la civilizzazione ha uscito dal cuore dell’Africa) ed ha letto la bibliografia di Bernals, lo vedrà che documenta tutto scrive. Alcuni altri albini del non-razzista tutto dovrebbero leggere chi dicono alla verità sono: Gerald Massey, conteggio Volney, Godfrey Higgins, Schwaller de Lubicz per chiamare alcuni. Un certo melanics dovrebbero leggere chi dicono alla verità sono: Indus Khamit Kush, cancelliere Williams, John G. Jackson, Herodotus (Herodotus era asiatico; e così era Thales, il cosiddetto padre di filosofia “europea„. La filosofia provenuta in Africa era Thales imparato la sua filosofia), George G.M. James, Cheikh Anta Diop e John Henrik Clarke. Ci sono molti altri sia melanic che storici albinic quale Martin Bernal che scrivono la verità. Melanics dovrebbe comprare loro e leggere loro automaticamente tutto il libro che è attacato dagli albini. Non credere che qualche cosa gli storici e gli antropologi razzisti dell’albino scrivano circa il melanics. – George Lawrence da Decatur, GA Stati Uniti
I filosofi egiziani: Voci africane antiche da Imhotep a Akhenaten

da Molefi Kete Asante

Filosofi egiziani antichi di Molefi Asante: Da Imhotep a Akhenaten proviene una riparazione attuale di un’omissione seria nella storia umana – i contributi antiquarian dei filosofi africani alla medicina, alla filosofia, alla scienza ed alla nascita di civilizzazione in se. Cominciando con una cronologia dei filosofi antichi del mondo, questa indagine da studioso e superbly messa copre Imhotep e “l’emersione di motivo„, Ptahhotep e “l’ordine morale„, Merikare “sul buonsenso„, così come i contributi e le comprensioni di Akhenaten, Amenemope ed altri di cui il lavoro sia stato ignorato, soppresso, o semplicemente sconosciuto all’accademia basata sulle fonti Greco-Romane e sui dati storici. Filosofi egiziani antichi: Da Imhotep a Akhenaten proviene altamente la lettura suggerita per gli allievi degli studi neri, della filosofia e della storia della scienza. – Rassegna di libro del Midwest
Volume 1 di Metu Neter: Oracle grande di Tehuti e del sistema egiziano

di coltura spiritosa

da Ra Un Nefer Amen

Ciò è conosciuta come il libro. Ciò è il libro che mette la scienza nello spirituality Africano-centrato. Rivelando l’essenza di più vecchia religione nel mondo, il Ra l’ONU Nefer Amen fornisce le chiavi pratiche a sbloccare “i segreti„ dell’universo. Naturalmente, molto sarà mancato dai lettori, perché leggeranno soltanto il libro, ma non applicare i relativi insegnamenti.

La lettura del libro su spirituality non solleva la sua coscienza. L’applicazione degli insegnamenti in Metu Neter.
Eredità rubata

da George G.M. James

Osservazioni dei lettori:

George James dovrebbe essere lodato per il suo brave e lavoro di chiarimento. L’eredità rubata li sfida a riconsiderare molte delle teorie e le ideologie che sono state impressionate su noi attraverso il sistema educativo americano. Ci diciamo a costantemente che i Greci antichi siano stati i creatori di filosofia, della scienza e di molte teorie matematiche, ma non siamo dati una spiegazione sufficiente di come hanno sviluppato queste idee. Infatti, James offre una spiegazione completamente differente per le origini di filosofia. Sostiene che che cosa è stato passato come di filosofia greca, è realmente filosofia rubata dell’Egitto ed è stato passato giù attraverso il sistema egiziano di mistero. Piccolo si è detto a circa le prove egiziane del sistema, ma del James di mistero per spiegare i principi fondamentali di questo sistema e come si è sparso durante il mondo mediterraneo.

Ciò è a deve leggere. Dà un’altra prospettiva all’idea che i Greci hanno generato la filosofia. L’autore analizza parecchi Greci conosciuti compresi Pythagoras, Aristotle e Platone e le loro dottrine per mostrare come sono realmente egiziani in natura. Persino va per quanto a fare alcune raccomandazioni vive su come mentre la gente di umanità, neri in particolare, può contribuire a cambiare l’idea sbagliata di accreditarle a Greci per le realizzazioni abbiamo imparato dagli Africani. (L’Egitto è stato sempre e sempre sarà una nazione africana.)
Egiziani Exiled: Il cuore dell’Africa

da Moustafa Gadalla

Osservazioni dei lettori:

Ho trovato questo libro per essere molto informativo ed apprezzo particolarmente il fatto che l’autore proviene dall’Egitto. Ho comprato tutti i libri offerte di questo fondamento e tutti vivono fino ad un massimo di questa. Inoltre ho trovato la sua testimonianza per essere uno dei la più corrette ed oneste trattando le origini di civilizzazione egiziana.

Leggere un cliente storico conciso e completo dell’Egitto per i 3.000 anni ultimi. Leggere sugli Egiziani antichi dimenticati, che hanno fuggito le invasioni straniere ed i oppressors religiosi. Leggere come hanno ricostruito il sistema di modello degli Egiziani antichi in Africa, quando l’Egitto in se ha stato bene ad una colonia araba. Leggere sugli Egiziani antichi’ sociali, sistemi economici e e politici e la loro applicazione estesa in secondario-Sahara Africa. Scoprire come i jihads islamici hanno spezzettato e disperso il continente africano in miseria ed in caos infiniti. Scoprire le cause ed il dynamics allineare di slavery africano.
Gli Africani che hanno scritto la bibbia

dal Dott. Nana Banchie Darkwah

Critico:

Qui sono le parti di puzzle

Ciò è un libro grande ma ci sono cose che dovete conoscere. Questo libro è scritto basato sulle somiglianze africane di lingua con quelle dell’Africa attuale, dell’Africa antica e delle parole trovate all’interno della bibbia. Con quello detto, ci sono sitings celebri dalle varie nazioni africane durante l’Africa ad ovest.

La cosa che dovrebbe essere notata è che l’autore dichiara chiaramente che la gente ebrea non è gli ebrei originali. L’autore è sotto l’opinione che la gente ebrea originale era gente africana che a sinistra probabilmente durante il cosiddetto Exodus. La gente oggi ebrea come dichiarata all’interno del libro ancora trasporta i nomi africani. Se leggo questo correctl, quello proviene dalla copertura alla copertura senza pagine di salto, questa è che cosa l’autore ha dichiarato all’interno del libro. Ciò è un lavoro letterario eccellente per tutti i discendenti africani perché fa che cosa tante hanno temuto; collega l’Africa attuale e tradizionale agli Africani antichi ed agli Africani che hanno scritto la bibbia.
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Da Babylon a Timbuktu: Una storia delle corse nere antiche compreso gli Ebrei neri

da Rudolph R. Windsor (introduzione), EL Hagahn (Illustrator)

Un Documentary impressionante di storia Africano-Ebraica antica

Critico:

La scoperta quasi delle informazioni di nonexistence sulle corse africane antiche era un piacere. Essendo quello ho intervistato gli ebrei africani io stesso che so che il sig. Windsor ritrae un cliente esatto di Hebrewisms sparso ai quattro angoli della terra. Inoltre riferisce parecchio il verse della bibbia che sostiene la sua idea. Questo libro legge più come un documentary. Dopo che leggendo il cliente biblico delle circostanze che gli Ebrei prophesied per vivere in uno sappia che non ci è senso che gli ebrei nell’Israele oggi potrebbero venire a contatto della guida di riferimento di prophecy dei periodi antichi. Windsor inoltre precisa l’origine delle corse bianche. Comprarlo questi libro e colloqui della prime terra e gente per esercitarsi nel monotheism. Questo libro awesomely riassume la storia dei Israelites neri ed il loro dio straniero nero.
Origini africane importanti “delle religioni occidentali„

da Yosef A.A. Ben-Jochannan, Yosef B. Jochannan

Descrizione del libro:

Le origini africane “delle religioni occidentali„ principali in primo luogo pubblicate in 1970, continua ad essere uno degli impianti diprovocazione del Dott. Ben. Questo esame critico della storia, della credenza e dei miti, remains istruttivo e fresco. Evidenziando le influenze dell’Africano e le radici di queste religioni, il Dott. Ben rivela una storia del untold che molti preferirebbero dimenticare.
Futuro antico: Gli insegnamenti e la saggezza Prophetic delle sette leggi ermetiche dell’Egitto antico

da Wayne Chandler

Commento del lettore:

Ho fatto la mia trasformare vita dalle informazioni informative in questo libro. Questo libro è pieno delle perle illuminanti di conoscenza che possono azionare ones anima e spirito attraverso l’universo della realtà ad un livello di consapevolezza e dello sconosciuto spiritosi di chiarimento agli uomini moderni. con questo futuro antico del libro, il chandler del professore ha posto la stampa blu di giorno moderno per la gente di tutte le origini etniche per rinviare ad una coscienza spiritosa che accerterà la loro sopravvivenza dal venire impulso spiritoso ed elettromagnetico di energia che sta circa per essere liberata sugli abitanti della terra. Parla del oltrepassare la negazione e della ricezione dell’impulso positivo di energia elettromagnetica che sparerà con la nostri mente, corpo, anima e spirito. Se non siamo nel giusto telaio della mente queste energia ed attrazione gravitazionale elettromagnetica indurranno l’umanità a perdere il suo destruct di auto e di mente.

Ciò è a deve leggere il libro per tutte le corse del mondo e dovrebbe essere tradotta in tutte le lingue del mondo. Per il tempo è attuale per noi è circa fornire l’età del Aquarius. Questo futuro antico del libro dal sig. Wayne B. Chandler è allineare un libro prophetic di saggezza e la relativa rivelazione attuale non è coincidente da nessuna stirata dell’immaginazione, ma divinely ispirato entro tutto il (o forza creativa dell’universo) questo futuro antico del libro cambierà per sempre il senso che osservate le civilizzazioni antiche e passate. Inoltre li aiuterà a capire il mindset e lo psyche di altre corse mentre appartiene i loro processi pensanti e le loro reazioni causa ed effetto ed anche i loro profili ancestral storici.
L’Egitto in Africa

da Theodore Celenko (redattore)

Un lettore da Oklahoma:

L’Egitto in Africa è un libro grande basato su un’esposizione grande del museo ed è buono da vederla amazon.com diretto disponibile. Il libro evita i due estremi popolari di rifiutare a tutto l’Africano le radici e di regolazione della civilizzazione egiziana e di sostenere che qualche cosa e tutto utili nella civilizzazione occidentale erano africani in origine. (Questo libro indica chiaramente che l’Africa ha contribuito così tanto che è insensata screditare i relativi reclami validi dall’esagerazione.) preferibilmente il libro è una calma, un obiettivo e un incentivo così come lo sguardo readible e libero all’Egitto nel relativo contesto africano. Se desiderate capire “l’immagine grande„ quando viene nell’Egitto antico, realmente avete bisogno di questo libro. Un professore di storia di arte.
Immagine di HereThe di scatto del nero nell’arte occidentale, volume uno: Dai Pharaohs

alla caduta dell’impero romano

dal Jr. franco, ecc. del M. Snowden.

Durante il quindicesimo secolo BC, i pharaohs del diciottesimo Dynasty hanno stabilito un impero che si estende dal Euphrates fino la cataratta di quarto (Nubia). Le conquiste del sud hanno messo gli Egiziani in contatto diretto con le popolazioni di colore che hanno continuato a resistere a e controbattere. Nel nero precedente di millennio i guerrieri ed i prigionieri erano comparso occasionalmente nell’arte dell’Egitto, di Crete e della Cipro. L’immagine del nero nell’arte occidentale li mostra, dal metà di-quindicesimo secolo alla scatola verniciata del Tutankhamun che descrive i neri in Negroes realistichi di arte ed inequivocabili sempre più ritratti egiziani.
L’Africa: La storia di un continente programma 01-02 (1986)

(VIDEO)

Basilico Davidson del presentatore

Basato in gran parte sulle immagini dalle caverne, piramidi e tombe, differenti ma uguali, nel volume 1 della serie Africa del quattro-video: La storia di un continente, presenti una descrizione delle colture africane in anticipo, con un’introduzione nell’Egitto classico e uno studio più dettagliato di Meroë. Una delle tesi principali del Davidson del basilico del presentatore, sostenuto dalle fonti di periodo sia dall’Africa che da Europa, è che il razzismo non era ordinario nelle interazioni classiche o medioevali fra Europa e l’Africa. episodio eccezionale in serie’ secondo, acquistante padronanza dei fuochi del Davidson, del continente su tre società africane contemporanee e dei sensi che differenti si sono adattati per prosperare nei loro ambienti. Caratterizza la siderurgia ed avanzamenti di azienda agricola della gente di Nok in Nigeria e del sistema elaborato di credenza religiosa del Dogon nel Mali. La discussione sulla gente di Pokat di allevamento del bestiame del Kenia del Nord è allineare eccezionale. Davidson fa un lavoro spettacolare di dimostrazione della complessità elaborata di che cosa può da alcuno erroneamente essere considerato una società primitiva. Le interviste personali affascinanti con una donna di Pokat circa il lavoro delle donne e degli uomini e con un uomo di Pokat circa ché uomo ha bisogno di prima che possa sposarsi sono il punto culminante di questo studio antropologico ben cotto. – Cesalpina Chace

Descrizione:

Per i secoli, l’Africa aveva luogo ravished tramite il commercio dello schiavo, che ha storto nostro parere sulla relativa gente. Nel programma uno, Davidson indica che l’Africa ha provocato alcune delle civilizzazioni più grandi del mondo. Nel programma due, Davidson mette a fuoco su tre Comunità differenti per vedere come la gente africana intaglia fuori un’esistenza in un ambiente spesso ostile.
Aprendosi allo spirito: Mettendosi in contatto con l’alimentazione Healing del Chakras e di Honouring Spirituality africano

da Caroline Shola Arewa

Una guida spiritosa dotata e un padrone di yoga illustra la radice comune di molte delle nostre tradizioni spiritose con la mitologia e lo spirituality dell’Egitto antico, dell’India in anticipo e dell’Africa ad ovest. 8 piastre di colore. 40 disegni a tratteggio.

Descrizione del libro:

I chakras sono rotelle di energia all’interno del corpo. Questo sistema antico è spesso thougth emergere dalle tradizioni yogic dell’India, ma nell’apertura allo spirito, Caroline Shola Arewa esplora l’importanza dei chakras agli Africani ed agli Egiziani antichi. Illustra la radice comune di molte delle nostre tradizioni spiritose con la mitologia e lo spirituality dell’Egitto antico, dell’India in anticipo e dell’Africa ad ovest.
Di acqua e dello spirito: Rituale, magia ed inizio nella durata di uno Shaman africano

da Malidoma Patrice alcuni

Durante gli anni recenti ci è stato un impulso di interesse nella vita e nelle pratiche tribali indigene, poichè la gente occidentale comincia ritenere gli stirrings delle loro proprie anime tribali indigene ed andare cercare le risposte a coloro che ancora possiede il collegamento con la terra e lo spirito. Mentre mólto è stato pubblicato circa l’americano natale (sia nord che verso il sud), il tibetano, Altaic, ecc. celtico, la vita tribale, piuttosto piccola è conosciuto circa l’Africa. Malidoma un certo libro quindi fornisce un contributo di ispirazione altamente e di benvenuto.

Tutto il westerner che ha ha desiderato mai sapere un Africano pensa dovrebbe leggere questo libro.
Introduzione alle civilizzazioni africane

da John G. Jackson, Runoko Rashidi, John Henrik Clarke (introduzione)

Osservazioni del cliente:

Ciò è un libro eccellente, esso spiega la storia allineare della gente africana. Si occupa del gran numero di distorsione e come la gente africana è stata scritta di storia. Causa di slavery, di razzismo e di propaganda bianca di supremist. Si occupa dell’Etiopia e dell’origine di civilizzazione, mostrante come il primo umano eretto dall’Africa. Se l’Africa desse alla luce all’umanità allora è logico accettare il fatto che l’Africa ha dato alla luce a civilizzazione. Parla dell’Etiopia, l’Egitto antico e Nubia, il Ghana, il Mali, Songhay, ecc. Lui esposizioni sistematiche come gli Africani persino agganciati in mare voyages con prova e prova ampie. Ciò è un eccellente, un obiettivo e un libro bene arrotondato.

Il sig. Jackson non era giusto un erudito in grado, ma era un produttore notevole. Questo libro, come sono i suoi altri (le ho lette tutte), è molto facile da leggere, mai non superando le teste di quelli appena informati delle molte funzioni di storia africana di cui si occupa. I suoi capitoli “sull’Egitto e sullo sviluppo di civilizzazione„ e “l’Africa e la civilizzazione di Europa„ valgono l’intero prezzo del libro. L’introduzione, dal Dott. ritardato John Henrick Clarke, è una dei la cosa migliore che abbia letto. L’introduzione alle civilizzazioni africane è ben documentata ed è, nel mio parere, un classico scritto da un gigante accademico.
Corsa: Realtà delle differenze umane

dal professor Vincent Sarich & Miele franco

Sarich, un’università di California, antropologo emeritus del Berkeley e Miele, un redattore dello scomparto scettico, non possono resistere a denominare la vista corrente che “la corsa non esiste„ a “dogma del pc.„ Rendono valido, se non convincendo, discussioni del loro caso in tre zone. Corsa come concetto, discutono, considerevolmente antedates Europa coloniale, presentante tali esempi come “tomba egiziana con quattro corse„ (poichè un titolo denomina una pittura della tomba) che può indicare “su consapevolezza„ della differenza, ma se quella consapevolezza correla ai concetti “della corsa„ mentre remains attualmente definito indimostrato. Parecchi capitoli sono continuare pesante DNA-hanno basato la ricerca sull’origine e la differenziazione dei sapiens di Homo, qui interpretata come ramificandosi fuori dagli altri hominids abbastanza recentemente per fare le differenze fra il minore della gente molto ma, punto di vista negli autori’, significativo. Si muovono dal progetto umano del Genome nella loro sezione finale, in cui le differenze nell’intelligenza si dicono per correlare ad un concetto della corsa (ma non si dicono essere una giustificazione per distinzione). Questa ultima discussione è affermata su che cosa sembrerà a molti lettori ch’una fede eccessiva nel quoziente d’intelligenza esamina.

Gli autori accetta la teoria dell’Fuori-de-Africa delle origini umane basate su DNA, mtDNA e

Dati del cromosoma di Y. Mostrano come quei dati sostengono la teoria dell’Fuori-de-Africa.
Scattar qui
Religioni & filosofia africane

da John S. Mbiti

Le religioni e la filosofia africane è uno studio sistematico sugli atteggiamenti della mente e della credenza che si sono evoluti nelle molte società dell’Africa. In questa seconda edizione, il Dott Mbiti ha aggiornato il suo materiale per includere la partecipazione delle donne nella religione e l’unità potenziale da trovare in che cosa si è pensato una volta per essere una massa di religioni abbastanza separate.

Mbiti aggiunge una nuova dimensione alla comprensione della storia, pensare e della vita durante il continente africano. La religione si avvicina a da un punto di vista africano ma è accessibile ai lettori che appartengono alle società non-Africane come sono a coloro che si è sviluppato in su nelle nazioni africane.

Dalla relativa prima pubblicazione, questo libro è stato riconosciuto poichè il lavoro standard nel campo dello studio ed esso è lettura essenziale per chiunque interessato della religione africana, della storia, della filosofia, dell’antropologia o degli studi africani generali.
Concezioni del dio nell’Egitto antico: Quello ed i molti

da Erik Hornung, John Baines (traduttore)

Il libro di Egyptologist Joseph Erik il Hornung suggerito Yurco franco ritardato, concezioni del dio nell’Egitto antico: Quello ed i molti, tradotto da John Baines (Ithaca: Pressa dell’università de Cornell, 1982). Ha spiegato, gli Egiziani antichi hanno creduto che il dio potrebbe rivelarsi o lei stessa in tutta la funzione che hanno scelto. Quindi, il dio, il Re, ha fatto 76 illustrare forme differenti, nelle tombe di Ramesside, ma potrebbe anche essere osservato come il disc solare, con lo scarab e la forma ram-diretta dentro; per un’espressione di Trinitarian del dio del sole, con riferimento, di giorno, Khepri a di mattina; Aten al mezzogiorno; e Re-Harakhti nella sera. Altri deities importanti inoltre hanno avuti forme multiple, per esempio Hathor, che potrebbero essere una mucca piena nella forma, o una donna con gli orecchi della mucca, o una donna completamente umana, o una donna in un albero che offre l’acqua fredda ai defunti. In una storia compare ad un herdsman, con un cappotto furry che lo spaventa dai suoi spiriti, ma il seguente giorno, compare come donna bella, con capelli lunghi.

È questo senso di identificare i deities che hanno dato agli Egiziani la capacità di interscambiare le immagini, tuttavia le vede come uno o più deities, o unisce i deities differenti in uno, per esempio Amun-Re, unendo Amun con i Re. Così ugualmente i goddesses hanno avuti l’alimentazione esprimersi nelle forme differenti. Ecco perché Mut può avere testa del lioness’, o una testa umana, porta la doppia parte superiore, o un disc solare quando nella forma di leonine. Il libro del Hornung pone questo fuori in dettaglio bello.

Un altro libro che il Dott. Yurco ha suggerito quando ha insegnato i corsi sulla religione egiziana antica è Siegfried Morenz, religione egiziana, tradotta da Ann Keep (Ithaca: Pressa dell’università de Cornell, 1976).
Civilizzazioni antiche dell’Africa

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 2)

dal G. Mokhtar

Pubblicato: 1990

Il volume II riguarda il periodo che comincia alla fine dell’era Neolithic, intorno all’ottavo millennio prima della nostra era. Questo periodo di circa nove mila anni di storia si è suddiviso in quattro zone geograophical importanti, dopo il modello di ricerca storica africana. Capitoli 1 – copertura 12 il corridoio del Nilo, dell’Egitto e del Nubia. I capitoli 13 – 16 si riferiscono agli altopiani etiopici. I capitoli 17 – 20 descrivono la zona dell’Africa più successivamente denominata il Maghrib e la relativa retroterra di Saharan ed i capitoli 21 – 20, il resto dell’Africa così come alcune delle isole nell’Oceano Indiano.

La proporzione di volume di gran lunga più grande II è dedicata alla civilizzazione antica dell’Egitto a causa del relativo posto preponderante nella storia remota dell’Africa.
Città perse dell’Africa

da Basil Davidson (autore)

Descrizione del libro:

Unendo la prova archeological e la ricerca da studioso, Davidson illustra lo sviluppo emozionante dei regni ricchi delle città perse dell’Africa, quindici cento anni prima che le navi europee in primo luogo siano venuto ai puntelli africani.

Inganno storico: La storia di Untold dell’Egitto antico

da Moustafa Gadalla

Inganno storico: La storia di Untold dell’Egitto antico fornisce uno studio fresco, emozionante e lettore-amichevole su storia egiziana antica – una storia che ha sofferto dai pregiudizi ingrained degli eruditi religiosi (cristiano, ebreo, musulmani) che negano che l’Egitto è la fonte delle loro dottrine religiose (particolarmente monotheism); ed eruditi rationalist che negano l’esistenza di scienza e di filosofia prima dei Greci. L’inganno storico è una correzione tanto necessaria a moltissime distorsione, soppressione e smentita storiche. L’inganno storico è un vivace, un aggancio, una stimolazione, una lettura provocatoria, lle facili da leggere e difficile posare.

Commento dei lettori:

Questo testo presenta le informazioni storiche bene basate che bene-sono ricercate e chiaramente comprensibile concernente la cronologia degli eventi biblici e dei partecipanti. Citando le fonti quali il Koran, il Torah, il Talmud, il testo ebraico di Massoretic di vecchio testamento ed il testo greco di Septuagint di vecchio testamento, con un gran numero di riferimenti agli impianti storici più moderni, l’autore fornisce una spiegazione realistica e ragionevole per molti puzzle biblici e contraddizioni apparenti.
L’età dorata di attracco (giornale delle civilizzazioni africane,

Volume 11, caduta 1991)

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Brani:

Chi sono questi attraccano? Attracca sono gente nera indigena in Mauritania. “Il sig. Chandler ci dice che di una corsa differente di attracchi chi sono stati conosciuti come Garamantes/Caucasians, intermarried con il nero attracca, così si è trasformato in nel tawny del `attracca’ o il bianco del `attracca’.„

Secondo l’antropologo, Dana Reynolds, il Berbers nero originale, che è stato denominato attracca, era gli antenati africani del nord della gente oggi scuro-marrone e scuro-nera del Sahara e del Sahel, pricipalmente quelli ha denominato Fulani, il Tuareg, Zenagha del Marocco del sud, Kunta e Tebbu dei paesi del Sahel così come altri arabi neri ora che vivono in Mauritania e durante il Sahel, includono Trarza della Mauritania e del Senegal, il Mogharba così come le dozzine di altre tribù sudanesi, il Chaamba del Ritaglio e dell’Algeria. Oltre al suo studio molto dettagliato sulle origini e sulle affiliazioni di varie tribù, precisa che gli Africani coinvolgere nell’occupazione Moorish di Iberia non hanno sviluppato appena le cose notevoli in Europa ma anche nelle loro terre natali. Hanno fondato e costruito molte città industrious e prosperose dappertutto il nord dell’Africa e come estremo verso il sud come Timbuktu. Le rovine dei loro molti castelli possono essere viste tanto in Africa del Nord quanto in Andalusia.

Il Westerners ha scelto concentrarsi sul mondo più recente dell’arabo e della gente Berber-parlante e presentarlo come se fosse un mondo che è stato sempre. “È come paragonare il Aztecs di cinquecento anni fa alla miscela etnica dell’America oggi,„ ha scritto Reynolds. “La storia di quando l’Africa del nord era Moorish e l’Arabia, la terra di Saracens, ha ancora dirsi a.„
Oromia: Un’introduzione alla storia della gente di Oromo

da Gadaa Melbaa

Descrizione del libro:

Un cliente della lotta della gente di Oromo per affermare il loro posto nella storia. Il Oromo compone una parte significativa del corno della popolazione dell’Africa. Oromia è un titolo usato per riferirsi al Oromo come entità politica, culturale e sociale. Vivendo nelle nazioni africane orientali, la gente di Oromo è in gran parte sconosciuta a la maggior parte del mondo; questo lavoro alza in su la gente, la loro coltura e le loro lotte.

All’interno del libro di Petrie, una storia dell’Egitto (1896) accennano un gruppo di persone nell’Egitto antico dal nome del Galla Oromo anche denominato. Petrie ha scritto: “Lungamente è stato fa rilevato che gli sphinxes neri, più successivamente appropriati dal Hyksos, avvicinato al tipo del Galla di Abyssinia„.

“Questo inizia un’inchiesta come il collegamento del Galla potrebbe comparire così sui monumenti. Nella distanza e nella progettazione delle tombe della roccia a Qau, Antaeopolis, il programma particolare di quelle tombe, con i corridoi grandi e piccoli gli alloggiamenti annessi, sono stati osservati per essere molto attentamente paralleli a quello delle tempie successive di Nubian. In sia tomba che tempiale il lavoro principale è nella roccia compatta, mentre il forecourt è della massoneria costruita davanti esso. Un’altra caratteristica era martello-funziona uno scavo di una tomba, che evidentemente era stato fatto con le sfere di pietra, come nel funzionamento del granito di Aswan e questa implica un collegamento del sud. Questa gente non compare in alcune annotazioni e tutti i loro monumenti sono stati reappropriated. Hanno andato, tuttavia, uno stile il più notevole della scultura, negli sphinxes che più successivamente sono stati rimossi a Tanis, ma sembra originalmente venire dal EL Kab, dove una parte di un tal sphinx è stata trovata. Il tipo è molto attentamente come quello del Galla. La prova che tutte le sculture più in anticipo di Tanis sono state raccolte là da Ramessu II sembra chiara; e che questi sphinxes sono più in anticipo di il Hyksos è determinato da quei re che li appropriano. Nessun periodo sembra così probabile per loro come il settimo – i decimi dynasties. Il tipo era pesante barbuto, con capelli folti„. Petrie, 1896
L’Africa dal settimo all’undicesimo secolo

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 3)

dal I. Hrbek

Pubblicato: 1992

Il periodo coperto nel volume III è dominato da due movimenti del maggiore e da importanza lating nella storia dell’Africa. L’influenza di Islam stava aumentando di nord e di ovest; stava interagendo con coltura africana tradizionale. Nel sud ci era l’espansione Bantù.

Il libro primo dispone l’Africa nel contesto di storia del mondo all’apertura del settimo secolo, prima di esaminare l’effetto generale della penetrazione islamica, l’espansione continua della gente Bantù-parlante e lo sviluppo delle civilizzazioni nelle zone di Sudanic dell’Africa ad ovest.

Capitoli dettagliati che discutono i dynasties islamici successivi dell’Africa del nord e dei loro contatti più larghi, Nubia cristiano, le civilizzazioni dei savannas, delle foreste e del litorale dell’Africa ad ovest, il corno dell’Africa e dello sviluppo interno e dei contatti internazionali del Madagascar.

Tre capitoli concludenti seguono il diaspora africano in Asia, esaminano i rapporti internazionali e la diffusione di tecnologia e delle idee in Africa e valutano l’effetto generale del periodo su storia africana.
Il congresso generale dell’organizzazione educativa, scientifica e culturale di Nazioni Unite (Unesco) alla relativa sedicesima sessione ha insegnato al Direttore Generale ad intraprendere la progettazione di una storia generale dell’Africa. L’operazione enorme di effettuare il progetto è stata affidata a ad un comitato scientifico internazionale che è stato istituito dal bordo esecutivo in 1970. Il comitato ha deciso presentare il covering del lavoro in tre milione anni di storia africana in otto volumi, ciascuno che contengono circa quattrocento pagine di testo con le illustrazioni, le fotografie, i programmi ed i disegni a tratteggio. La storia generale dell’Africa inoltre mette chiaramente in evidenza i rapporti dell’Africa con l’Asia del sud attraverso l’Oceano Indiano ed i contributi africani ad altre civilizzazioni con gli scambi reciproci.

La storia generale dell’Africa è, in una larga misura, una riflessione fedele del senso in cui gli autori africani osservano la loro propria civilizzazione. Con la nomina del comitato scientifico internazionale dei 39 membri, due terzi africano ed un terzo non-Africano, che assume la responsabilità intellettuale della storia generale dell’Africa.
“Uno dei progetti accademici più ambiziosi da intraprendere in questo secolo.„
L’Africa nel diciannovesimo secolo fino al 1880s

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 4)

dal J.F. Ade Ajayi

Pubblicato: 1998

Coperture del volume VI la storia dell’Africa dall’inizio del diciannovesimo secolo all’inizio “dello scramble„ europeo per il territorio coloniale nel 1880s.

Nonostante un commerciale europeo crescente, la presenza religiosa e politica durante il secolo, influenze esterne è stata ritenuta indirettamente dalla maggior parte delle società africane ed hanno fatto una varietà dei tentativi culturalmente distintivi di modernizzare, espandersi e svilupparsi. Due serie di eventi influenti – il Mfecane in Africa del sud con le relative ramificazioni centrale ed in Africa orientale ed i movimenti dei reformers musulmani in Africa ad ovest – dovuti piccolo o niente ad influenza ed alle figure straniere prominente in otto dei capitoli.

The book opens with four thematic chapters examining the major forces at work in African society at the beginning of the century; Africa’s changing role in the world-economy; new trends and processes; and the effects of the abolition of the slave trade. These are followed by twenty-three chapters detailing developments in the various regions. Two concluding chapters trace the African diaspora and assess the state of the Continent’s political, economic and cultural development on the eve of the European conquest.
Daily Life of the Nubians

by Robert Steven Bianchi

Published: 2004

Description:

Until recently little was known about ancient Nubia and day-to-day lives of the Nubian people aside from knowing it was a civilization contemporary with, distinct from, and living under the shadow of Ancient Egypt. Nubia existed from about 3500-300 BCE, close to 3,000 years. Thanks to recent massive archeological surveys, we now have a much clearer picture of Nubian civilization, what they ate, how they dressed, how they cared for their dead, their military triumphs and defeats, where their cities were built, and what they looked like. Of course they underwent dramatic changes over time, and these are noted where appropriate. Though often confused with the Ethiopians of Greek lore, little doubt remains that Nubians were in fact black African peoples, and their civilization has been claimed by many as proof of a sophisticated and ancient black African society.

For ease of use by students, the work is organized chronologically. Each chapter is divided into convenient subheads that detail military and warfare, government, language, relations with neighboring civilizations; work and the economy, engineering and architecture, housing, transportation, family life, life cycle events, women’s roles, art, music and dance, literature, science, and religion. It includes a historical timeline of Nubian history, a glossary of Nubian terms, and a bibliography for further reading. Throughout the work, Bianchi, an expert on the Nubians, shows how the modern world has little by little come to discover and recognize the distinctiveness and importance of Nubia in ancient history. This work will replace all earlier resources on Nubian life and will provide school and public librarians with the most up-to-date and historically correct information on the Nubians.
Greater Ethiopia : The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society

by Donald N. Levine

Published: 2000

Editorial Reviews:

Greater Ethiopia combines history, anthropology, and sociology to answer two major questions. Why did Ethiopia remain independent under the onslaught of European expansionism while other African political entities were colonized? And why must Ethiopia be considered a single cultural region despite its political, religious, and linguistic diversity?

Donald Levine’s interdisciplinary study makes a substantial contribution both to Ethiopian interpretive history and to sociological analysis. In his new preface, Levine examines Ethiopia since the overthrow of the monarchy in the 1970s.

“Ethiopian scholarship is in Professor Levine’s debt. . . . He has performed an important task with panache, urbanity, and learning.”–Edward Ullendorff, Times Literary Supplement

“Upon rereading this book, it strikes the reader how broad in scope, how innovative in approach, and how stimulating in arguments this book was when it came out. . . . In the past twenty years it has inspired anthropological and historical research, stimulated theoretical debate about Ethiopia’s cultural and historical development, and given the impetus to modern political thinking about the complexities and challenges of Ethiopia as a country. The text thus easily remains an absolute must for any Ethiopianist scholar to read and digest.”-J. Abbink, Journal of Modern African Studies

Culture and Customs of Egypt (Culture and Customs of Africa)

by Molefi K. Asante

Book Description:

Modern Egypt blends African history and geography with Arab culture and religion. With its position at the crossroads of Africa, its status as a major Islamic nation, and continuing interest in its ancient monuments, Egypt makes for fascinating study. This volume provides an accessible, up-to-date overview of a society that greatly evolved, yet retains traces of attitudes and behaviors from the days of the Pharaohs.

About the Author:

Molefi Kete Asante is Professor, Department of African American Studies, Temple University. He is the author of more than 50 books, including The Egyptian Philosophers (2000).

Upper Egypt: Life Along the Nile

by Nicholas S. Hopkins (Editor)

Book Description:

Upper Egypt. Life along the Nile describes life in the southern part of Egypt in the twentieth century. The book represents some of the most recent social and cultural research in the area, and it focuses on aspects of Egypt that tend to disappear in the background of the attractions that tourists see. The authors have done field research in Upper Egypt. This is one of the few recent books contributing to our understanding of this neglected region, which is based on first hand knowledge of local conditions. The book contains articles on agriculture and irrigation, language, religious life among Muslims and Christians, Sufism, customary law, crafts and craftsmen, and tribalism.

Book has lots of photos of modern Egyptians.
Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile

Excellent coffee table book: 12.5 x 9.4 x 1.4 inches; Sudan possesses, among other things,

223 pyramids. This book has 400 pages of color photos of Nubian Kings & Queens, and their artifacts and treasures. Nubian photos you will not find on the internet.

Contents: The Prehistory of Sudan; 6,000 years ago; A-Group and Pre-Kerma; The First Kingdoms;

C-Group; The Kingdom of Kerma; Egypt in Sudan; The Image of the Nubian in Egyptian Art; Napata and the Kushite Dynasty; Kings of the Sacred Mountain; Napata and the Kushite Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt; The Kingdom of Napata and Meroe; The Kingdom of Meroe; Meroitic Writing and Language; The Meroitic Pantheon; Meroitic Treasure; Meroitic Ceramics; Meroe and Hellenism;

Late Meroitic Culture; Meroitic Architecture

Authors: Salah Mohamed Ahmed; Charles Bonnet; Fredrich Hinkel; Hassan Hussein Idris; Timothy Kendall; Lech Krzyzaniak; Jean Leclant; Karl-Heinz Priese; Jacques Reinold; Dietrich Wildung
Early Art and Architecture of Africa (Oxford History of Art)

by Peter Garlake

“There is nothing else like it. A sure guide to the Africa of ancient marvels and scenes of confrontation in times and places long forgotten or unknown.” Basil Davidson

This new history of over 5000 years of African art reveals its true diversity for the first time. Challenging centuries of misconceptions that have obscured the sophisticated nature of African art, Peter Garlake uses the latest research and archaeological findings to offer exciting new insights into the period between 20,000 BC and 1500 AD. All the main regions are covered: southern Africa, Nubia, Aksum, the Niger River, West Africa, Great Zimbabwe, and the East African coast.

Acknowledging the universal allure of the African art object, this book restores it to its original social and historical context, helping us to understand more about the ways in which this art was produced, used, and received.

• 112 illustrations with 64 in full colour

• Invaluable guides to museums, galleries, and websites
The Nubian Past: An Archaeology of the Sudan

by David N. Edwards

348 pages

Routledge (October 30, 2004)

In this book David Edwards, a distinguished specialist in Sudanese archaeology, provides the readers with a very useful and exhaustive outline of the history of the Sudan during the Holocene (from c. 10,000 BC to the present), mainly on the basis of the archaeological evidence which has been brought to light in the last thirty years.

The book is divided into nine chapters about the following topics: Nubia, the Sudan and

Sudanic Africa; Hunters, fishers and gatherers (c. 10,000–5000 BC); The Neolithic (c. 5000–3000 BC);

Kerma and Bronze Age Kush; The Kushite Revival (XXV Dynasty and kingdom of Napata);

Meroitic Kush (c. 300 BC–AD 350); Post-Meroitic transitions (c. AD 350–550); Medieval Nubia

(c. AD 500–1500); and Post-medieval Sudan and Islam (c. AD 1500–1900).

The Rescue of Jerusalem: The Alliance Between Hebrews

and Africans in 701 B.C.

(Paperback – 444 pages – Soho Press (April 1, 2003)

by Henry T. Aubin

From Library Journal:

Aubin argues that the Kushite rescue of Jerusalem from certain annihilation in 701 B.C.E. instigated the Jewish concept of being God’s “elect” and was therefore a seminal event in the development of Zionism. Dealing competently with the biblical and historical sources despite what some might see as a lack of formal training in this area (he is a journalist instead of a historian, though he did do graduate work in history at the University of Strasbourg), Aubin asserts that the Kushites black Africans who ruled Egypt at this time saved the city from destruction by the Assyrians. According to Aubin, historians accepted this view until the late 19th century, when colonialism impinged on the European perception of these events; suddenly, the theory that an epidemic weakened the Assyrian army rose to prominence. Aubin asserts that this was one of the most important battles in history; had the Assyrians wiped out Jerusalem, there would have been no Christianity or Islam. Whether or not one accepts his conclusions, this work is a wonderful exercise in historiography. Recommended for all academic libraries. Clay Williams, Hunter College Library, City University New York
The Nubian Pharaohs: Black Kings on the Nile

by Dominique Valbelle & Charles Bonnet

Product Details:

Hardcover; 216 pages

Published: February 2007

Description:

In 2003, a Swiss archaeological team working in northern Sudan uncovered one of the most remarkable Egyptological finds in recent years. At the site known as Kerma, near the third cataract of the Nile, archaeologist Charles Bonnet and his team discovered a ditch within a temple from the ancient city of Pnoubs, which contained seven monumental black granite statues. Magnificently sculpted, and in an excellent state of preservation, they portrayed five pharaonic rulers, including Taharqa and Tanoutamon, the last two pharaohs of the ‘Nubian’ Dynasty, when Egypt was ruled by kings from the lands of modern-day Sudan. For over half a century, the Nubian pharaohs governed a combined kingdom of Egypt and Nubia, with an empire stretching from the Delta to the upper reaches of the Nile.

The seven statues, with their exquisite workmanship, transform our understanding of the art of this period. In particular, the colossal statue of Taharqa–almost certainly done by an Egyptian sculptor–is a masterpiece of stone artwork. Beautifully illustrated with over 170 color photographs, The Nubian Pharaohs illuminates the epic history of this little-known historical era, when the pharaohs of Egypt came from Sudan. In this major new book, which combines the latest archaeological research with stunning photography, Charles Bonnet and Dominique Valbelle narrate the incredible story of their discovery–one that will change our understanding of Egypt and Africa in the ancient world.
Genesis of the Pharaohs

by Toby Wilkinson

Product Details: 208 pages; (2003)

Peer Review Excerpt:

Genesis of the Pharaohs: Genesis of the ‘Ka’ and Crowns?

by Timothy Kendall, Archaeologist

In his Genesis of the Pharaohs, Toby Wilkinson shines new light on the Predynastic by demonstrating that the majority of rock drawings in the Eastern Desert of Upper Egypt date to Naqada I (c. 4000–3500 BC). Since the petroglyphs depict wild African fauna, hunters with bows and dogs, and men herding cattle, it is clear that the now nearly lifeless region up to 100 km east of the Nile between Quft and Hierakonpolis was at this time a well-watered, well-populated, game-rich savanna. That the rock artists were not mere isolated pastoralists but also part-time Nile dwellers is evident because their works commonly include boats. This implies that the artists probably moved from river to range in seasonal cycles. Because of this, and the fact that so many of the drawings echo subjects in later Egyptian art, Wilkinson makes a compelling case that the rock artists were the ancestors of the dynastic Egyptians. His conclusion: “the heavy reliance of these people on herding and hunting rather than agriculture suggests that their roots — and indeed the roots of Egyptian civilization — lay not so much along the Nile but in the pre-arid Sahara.”
Learn to read hieroglyphics

Egyptian Language Easy Lessons in Egyptian Hieroglyphics

by E. A. Wallis Budge (The father of Egyptology)

This remains the classic introductory volumn for beginners.

also purchase:

Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Vols 1 & 2 by E. A. Wallis Budge

This should be on every students shelf.

King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba

by Blu Greenberg, Linda Tarry, Avi Katz (Illustrator)

Reading level: Ages 4-8

Reviewer:

I picked up this book at the library as reading material for my 17-month-old son. He (and I) loved the illustrations. I appreciated it being a real Bible story, and a history lesson–marvelously illustrated in 48 pages; but this books goes where most authors and illustrators don’t. You won’t see this version of the story in movie theatres. I did additional research to verify the accuracy of its’ contents and I discoverd everything to be valid. This book should be read by all African-American children (and adults). They won’t read about their kings and queens in textbooks as others are portrayed–which is a dis-service to their culture. I purchased three copies for myself and will be purchasing more as gifts.

Sudan Ancient Treasures: An Exhibition Of Recent Discoveries

From The Sudan National Museum

by Derek A. Welsby (Editor), Julie R. Anderson (Editor)

Published: 2004

Hardcover: 336 pages; Over 300 color photos of artifacts

Description:

A comprehensive survey of Sudanese ancient cultures, the history of archaeology in Sudan, current work and recent trends. The Sudan is the largest country in Africa. For millennia it has been the zone of contact between the peoples of Central Africa and those emanating from the Mediterranean world. The National Museum in Khartoum houses one of the finest collections of antiquities from the Nile Valley and is of international importance; however, the vast quantity of material is in store and has rarely if ever been seen by the public. This exhibition will seek to display some of the finest objects produced during all phases of human settlement from the Palaeolithic through to the Islamic period.
Ancient African Metallurgy: The Sociocultural Context

by Michael S. Bisson, S. Terry Childs, Philip De Barros, Augustin F. C. Holl, and

Joseph O. Vogel (Foreword, Editor)

Book Description:

Gold. Copper. Iron. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both public lore and extensive archaeological investigation. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: Where how and when was metal first introduced to the continent? How were iron and copper tools, implements, and objects used in everyday life, in trade, in political and cultural contexts? What role did metal objects play in the ideological systems of precolonial African peoples? Substantive chapters address the origins of metal working and the technology and the various uses and meanings of copper and iron. An ethnoarchaeological account in the words of a contemporary iron worker enriches the archaeological explanations. This book provides a comprehensive, timely summary of our current knowledge. This volume will be of great value to scholars and students of archaeology, African history, and the history of technology.

This entry was posted on Wednesday, April 11th, 2007 at 6:50 pm and is filed under THE DRAVIDIANS WERE(ARE) BLACK!, THE ANCIENT ELAMITES WERE BLACK!, THE SUMERIANS WERE BLACK!, BLACKS IN CUBA, BLACKS IN MELANESIA, BLACKS IN MEXICO, BLACK CIVILIZATIONS, BLACKS IN FRANCE, BLACKS IN EUROPE, THE OLMECS WERE BLACK!, BLACK BOOKS YOU MUST READ!, BLACKS IN INDIA, BLACK CHILDREN, BLACK MEN, BLACK CULTURE, BLACK PEOPLE, BLACK WOMEN, THE BLACK RACE, THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS WERE BLACK!, THE ANCIENT JEWS WERE BLACK!, BLACK RELIGION, BLACK NATIONALISM, AFRICA. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

One Response to “GREAT BOOKS ON BLACK CIVILIZATIONS FROM HOMESTEAD.COM”
Mary Ann Says:

July 5th, 2007 at 3:10 pm
I am wanting to purchase the book: Melanin: The Chemical Key To Black Greatness The Series

Please respond to this email address if you know where copies can be purchased: mm3038thrives@aol.com

Thanks

“THE MOORS:BLACK CIVILIZERS OF EUROPE” BY MAUNFU 9,ON FORTUNECITY.COM

July 29, 2007

from fortunecity.com

THE MOORS
BLACK CIVILIZERS OF EUROPE

An Introduction

By Maunfu 9

The so-called “Greek Miracle” was never to have a profound effect on European culture. In fact, the record shows virulent persecution of the major Greek thinkers by their own society for teaching concepts which were entirely foreign to their culture. By the 4th century, the temples and places of learning began to be shut down by the emperors of Byzantium. By the middle ages, Europe had sunk back into barbarism. But from the south – again – would come a new age of enlightenment ushered in by black Africans and black Asians from the Arabian peninsula.

As is the custom, these legendary figures have been whitened by academia and their influence erased. Yet it is clear that the sweeping wave of civilization brought in by these sons of Africa saved Europe from its backwardness and created the scientific and cultural foundation which would result in the European Rennaissance.

Over a period of 700 years, 4 superb Moorish dynasties would rule Spain, the Umayad, the Abbasid, the Almoravid and the Almohade.

Origin and Race of The Moors

The Black scholar Wayne Chandler traces the origin of the people called the Moors to an African people known as the Garamante. This civilization stood along important trading routes in the Sahara and existed contemporaneously with other great African civilizations including Egypt of the pre-Christian era. The Moors must be distinguished from the Berbers who were a mixed race people in North Africa resulting from the intermarriage between caucasian Libyans and indigenous Africans. Black Africans had beem called Maures (‘dark’) by the Greeks in antiquity and no distinction had been made between The Moorish tribes which would later invade Spain and their Black African kin. There was also to be an Arab component to these peoples and in order for this to be put in context, the racial composition of Arabia in antiquity must be understood. Much of the Arabian peninsular had originally been populated by Blacks. The area was a colony of the kingdom of Kush. Southern Arabia, in particular, remained black for a considerable period as the Greeks themselves attest.

With the coming of Islam, interaction between Moors and Arabs increased but research into the manuscripts and documents of medieval Europe emphatically demonstrates that the prevailing image of the Mooor – for the period – concerned was that of the black skinned, woolly haired African. The image occurs repeatedly in such famed works as Las Cantigas de Santa Maria , a 13th century manuscript of Moorish musical works translated by Spain’s King Alfonso X (El Sabio), one of the best known of Europe’s acquirers of Moorish texts. Numerous works such as these leave no doubt as to what race of people the term “Moor” referred to in medieval Europe.

Alfonso set up centres in cities such as Toledo for the express purpose of acquiring and translating these texts. There is no question that it was not until centuries later that the distinctions became blurred and the term Moor began to be used for various other ethnic groups as well.

The Conquest of Spain

The Ummayad Dynasty

By the end of the 7th century AD, the Islamic Jihad had swept through the Arabian peninsular and North Africa. It was the Moorish general Tarik-bin-Ziad who was given the task of spreading Moorish holdings northward into the Iberian peninsular. The catalyst for this action was the request by the Greek governor of Ceuta for help in emancipaton from the tyrany of the visigoth king Roderick who then ruled Spain.

Tarik and his black army swept up into Spain and defeated the Visigoths in successive stages – capturing and consolidating Spanish towns from the south includingToledo and Cordoba.

By 715 AD, the Ummayad dynasty had been established.It would rule Spain for over a century until 850 AD although their racial memory hes been erased, the achievements and monuments of the Moors still endure. The great Mosque at Cordoba, the Mezquita is an architectural marvel and is to this day considered one of the most magnificent buildings of the middle ages.

The Ummayad dynasty was followed by the Abbasid an Arab dynasty which usurped the throne in 750 AD. However, in 756 AD, the African Abdurrahmon led an army of African Moors up into the Iberian Penninsula, overthrew the Abbasid and re-established the Ummayad dynasty.

A description of Cordova gives an idea of the cultural excellence introduced by the Moors into Spain. Excerpted from The Golden Age of the Moor (pg 166) , a historian provides the following analysis:

“Cordova had 471 mosques, and 300 public baths……and the number of houses of the great and noble were 63,000 and 200, 077 houses of the common people. There were ….upwards of 80,000 shops. Water from the mountains was…distributed through every corner and quarter of the city by means of leaden pipes into basins of different shapes, made of the purst gold, the finest silver or plated brass as well into vast lakes, curious tanks, amazing resevoirs and fountains of Grecian marble.” The houses in Cordova were air conditioned in the summer by “ingeniously arranged draughts of fresh air drawn from the garden over beds of flowers, chosen for their perfume, warmed in winter by hot air conveyed through pipes bedded in the walls. Bathrooms supplied hot and cold water and there were tables of gold, set with emweralds rubies and pearls. This list of impressve works appears endless; it includes lampposts that lit their streets at night, to grand palaces, such as the one called Azzahra with its 15,000 doors. Rennaissance men like Zaryab.”

White Slavery

Over time, an ugly development in the history of the Moors began: The initiation and growth of the aquisition of white slaves as a prevalent aspect of its culture. The trade was began by a a Jewish element which began to buy and sell captured Slavs and Germans as laborers and concubines. the polygamous tendencies of the Islamic Black Moors encouraged this development and contributed to the lightening of the complexion of the Moorish element over time. It also contributed to a degeneration of values. The Ummayyad dynasty became ripe foe overthrow and in 1031 Christian forces achieved their defeat and brought the dynasty to a close.

The Almoravid Dynasty

The famous era of the Almoravids begins with The Black Muslim leader Ibn Yasin. Originally brought from Mecca, Yasin’s initial base of operations was in the area of Senegal in West Africa. He embarked upon an ambitious effort to convert all of the surrounding area to Islam through force. Over time, the Almoravids (from “Al-Murabitun”) conquered a vast area of west and northern Africa. In 1076, they overwhelmed and brought to an end the mighty Empire of Ghana itself . In 1086 AD, Yusuf Ibn Tashibin became aware of events in Spain, where Christians had long been persecuting Arabs and Moors. Yusuf invaded Spain to aid in its liberation. He is unequivocably described in the Moorish work Roudh-el Kartos as a black skinned African. Other matters back home in Africa however prompted him to return before the conquest was complete. He left his army to aid the Spaniards in their battle but was later informed that the local Spanish governers had left the Moors to do most of the fighting.

Yusuf in fury, ordered their replacement with Moorish rulers and there followed a splendid era of African rule which would not end until 1142 AD

The Almohade Dynasty

In 1145, the last Moorish dynasty came to power. African accomplishment in the penisular reached its apex. But Christian resolve had strengthened, and as Moorish culture grew more and more passive, Christian forces gained courage and began a campaign which recaptured territories from the blacks over the following centuries.
The Almohade dynasty had deep intellectual concerns and encouraged its thinkers and scholars to engage in great debates and expressions of ideas of both theological and secular nature. It is during the reign of this dynasty that the tower of Seville is constructed. And it is during this time that Abu-Al-Walid Mohamed ibn Mohamed ibgn Rashd, known to the West as Averroes established a peerless intellectual body of work in the arts and sciences which is revered to this day.
Ummayad savants and scholars initiated another intellectual revolution by ushering in and promoting:
Land reforms in Spain.
Religious freedom.
Support of the arts and sciences.
A rennaissance in knowledge as the wisdom of the ancient cultures was relearned through the works of the Greeks, Hebrews, Chinese, Persians.Translating all into Arabic.
They were the first to trace the curvilinear path of light through the air.(1100)
They achieved advances in chemistry including the invention of gunpopwder.
Discoveries in Astronomy and on the nature of the earth.
The invention of the Astrolabe and the compass.
The medical use of vivisection and dissection.

The Almohade dynasty was to last until 1230 when Christian forces drove the last Moorish elements out of Spain in successive campaigns. But Europe was to benefit imeasurably from the legacy of these Africans for centuries after the expulsion:

Absence of class system, such that any man (regardless of birth stature) could rise to any rank except that of supreme ruler. This was in marked contrast to the Visigothic Christians who were legendry in their cruelty and usery
The creation of hospitals with running water and the widespread construction of baths. Christian Europe held this rite of bating in contempt for centuries.
Numerous fabulous gardens.
Latrines with running water hundreds of years before the rest of Europe.
Paved streets and street lights. Numerous bookstores and a highly literate populace.
The Moors also took interior decoration to new heights in elaborate building ideas. This compares with the rest of Europe where most structures were barren, artless hulks without the minimum of utilities even for hygiene.

Agriculture

The Moors of Al Andalu (Spain) introduced advanced numerous crops and methods of soil productivity including irrigation, crop rotation and the use of manure. After harvesting, Moorish preservation and drying know-how meant that foods could endure and be edible for several years.

Universities

There were numerous schools and places of learning in Moorish Al-Andalus (Spain).

begining with the Univerity of Cordoba, other great institutions were built in Seville, Valencia, Mallarga and Granada. Like the ancient Greeks under the Egyptians , several of the most prominent European Catholic scholars studied under the African Moors in their institutions in Spain. The Moors translated all great works they could lay their hands on from the ancients into Arabic. This included the knowledge of Egypt, Kush, India, China and the Greece. Western historians point to the Greek component of these documents and attempt to paint the Moors as merely borrowers of Greek intellectual culture. This ignores the fact that Greek knowledge comes directly from Ancient Egypt and that there is convincing evidence that the Moors already possesed similar knowledge of their own from their homelands.

But this was not only limited to higher education. The Moors promoted literacy and the advancement of the general population. Schools were everywhere, many of them free of charge.

Medicine

Again, far in advance of Western Europe, Moorish physicians were specially trained and highly regulated. They practiced surgery and cauterization and understood the importance of cleanliness in the operating environment.

Jose Pimienta Bey notes in Golden Age of the Moor (pg 211):

“Europeans offered no competition with Moorish advances in pathology, aetiology (study of diseases), therapeutics, surgery and pharmacology. Texts were written by Moorish physicians describing surgical technique and instruments that were used; doctors specialized in pediatrics, obstetrics, opthalmology, and in the treatment of hernias and tumors. Imamuddin tells us that Moorish scientists were even importing monkey skeletons from Africa for use in dissection when conditions prevented the use of cadavers.”

For the Andalusan Moor, scholarly endeavor was considered devine. The more one knew of one’s self and one’s World, the more one was sup[posed to know of one’s Creator. The ancient Kemetic creed “Know Thyself” was very much the creed of Andalus……….Rulers such as the Caliph Abd al-Rahman III, spent almost one-third of the state’s income on education. At a time when most Christan monarchs could not even write their own names, the Caliphs of Moorish Spain were often scholars.

The works of a number of Moorish savants were revered, translated and became required texts in the universities which later developed in Europe. These include Generalities on Medicine by Averroes, Solitary Regime by Avempace, Primus Canonis by Avicenna and Al-Tasrif, by Abulcasis, which became the predominant university medical text for Europe’s physicians.

Science

It was the Moorish chemists such as Jabir who discovered nitric, nitro-muriatric and sulphuric acid. They were well versed in the science well before Europe.

Jose Pimienta-Bey notes the proximity of the founding dates of the major European universities to the translations of Moorish works by rulers such as Alfonso X of Spain. These centres of learning relied primarilly on Moorish texts for centuries

The Primary Source for this article is:

The Golden Age of the Moor. Edited by Ivan Van Sertima. Transaction Books, 1992.

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