Archive for the ‘THE SUMERIANS WERE BLACK!’ Category

>THE SUMERIANS IN ANCIENT IRAQ WERE BLACK! -FROM KEMETWAY.COM

November 22, 2010

>http://www.kemetway.com/Digest/Content/Sumer.html


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Africa, Kemet and Sumer

Lands of the Black (Headed) People

“After Anu, Enlil, Enki, and Ninhursag had fashioned the Black-Headed (people), vegetation luxuriated from the earth, animals, four-legged (creatures) of the plain, were brought artfully into existence…”

One of Africa’s many civilizations is that of Sumer. Founded along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in Asia-Minor, it in many respects was a twin city of Kemet; spawned by the same progenitors Nubia-Kush, it mirrored Kemet in numerous areas. In the names of cities and towns there was Anu, Mari, Amon, Kush (Kish), Assur (Ausar), and others. Like Pharaohs of Nubia and Kemet, Sumer was as also governed by divine leaders called ‘En’, who also were considered ‘Son of the Sun’ or, the ‘Son of Anu’. The Ntcheru of Sumer were called Dingir, and they too paralleled those of Nubia-Kemet: For example

annunaki2
Painting scene from Mari (North-West Sumer) of the Annunaki including Inanna or Nanana (top register) and Enlil (middle register) being attended to by ‘lesser-dinger’ – the Iggigi. Note the ‘African’ race of Sumerians as distinct from, and indicated by the Aryan (White) ‘fisher-man’ and the African ‘fisher-man’ (partially shown) in the bottom register

Comparison of Ntcheru (Kemet) and Dingir (Sumer)
Kemet – Ntcheru Sumer – Dingir Manifestation
Anu Anu Creator
Ra Anu, Utu Sun
Geb Enlil Sky, Earth
Ausar Enki, Assur, Asari Ruler of Earth, Vegetation, Animal, and Man; Ruler of the ‘Lower Ennead’ (Ausar) / ‘Lower Annunaki’ [the Iggigi] (Enki), and ‘Governor’ of moral-behavior on Earth.
Auset Inana, Nanana Ruler of Earth, Vegetation, Animal and Man; Goddess of fertility and nurturing; Guardian of birth-rite to the throne
Ennead Annunaki Governing body of Ntcheru / Dingir that reside in Heaven

inana1 enkiEnlil1 AnuThrone1
Dingir (Goddess) Inana or Dingir Nanana Dingir’s Ningizzida and another leading Gudea before Enki or Anu En Ur-Nammu pours libation before Dingir Nannar. (below) Dingir Nannar leads En Ur-Nammu en-route to temple building

Kemet and Sumer built great solar temples to the Ntcheru / Dinger. Kemet built Pyramids whereas Sumer built Ziggurats; additionally both built temples to honor the other types of Ntcheru / Dingir – i.e. Creators, Elements and Principals.

ziggurat1 dingirEnki1
The Ziggurat of Ur, one of the ‘sun-temples’ built to honor Great Dingir Anu and Innana, influenced and guided by the Kemetic philosophy associated with the Kemetic ‘Step-Pyramid’ [sun-temple] of Ghiza, and the even earlier pyramids [sun-temples] of Nubia-Kush Dingir Enki [Ruler of Earth, establisher of government, governor of order] driving a (building) foundation stake into the ground

Both societies are families related by Ancestors – the Anu. In Sumer everyone is related to Anu – the creator – and Anu (the first people); likewise, in Kemet everyone is related to Anu – the creator – and to Anu (the first people). Lastly, both, in response to Aryan (White) invaders distinguished themselves as black people – i.e. Kemet = Land of the Black People and Sumer, Sa-Ga-(Gi) = The Black Heads / The Black Headed People.

Anu1 gilgamesh2
Great Dingir Anu presented to by other Dingir of ‘High Heaven’ Mythological characters believed to be the hero Gilgamesh (and Enkimdu?) feeds water to a pair of bulls

Each society revered creation and the governing ‘life forces’, and both generated outstanding periods in their history along with distinguished leaders. Of the Third-Dynasty in Kemet the Pharaoh distinguished himself and the society by commissioning the building of the first major pyramid – the Step Pyramid; in association with him the Great and Grand Vizer Imhotep distinguished himself as the architect of the Step Pyramid and as a multi-genius, in addition to being an outstanding Seba (spiritual leader). Right on the heels of Kemet, Sumer was distinguished by the Great En Naram-Sin who commissioned the building the Great Ziggurat for the Dingir Anu and Inanna (Inana); in association with him the Great Spiritual Leader Gudea distinguished himself and the Sumerian society by leading the revival and progression of Sumerian religion and spirituality. The era of Naram-Sin and Gudea is known as Ur III.

narimSin2 NarimSin1 gudea1 elamite1
En, Naram-Sin Victorious! Stele of En, Naram-Sin leading Kussi (Black) troops against the Lulubi (Black) troops) Gudea, man of peace An Elamite/Susian Leader (notice the similarity to the Sumerian Dingir [god] EnKi [above, and below left])

Sumer’s greatness and grandeur was both alluring and a magnate to the Aryan-Semites and the Aryan-Europeans who began to invade its territory and society until they finally conquered, dominated and destroyed it greatness. At the hands of the nomadic-barbarians the Sumerians (Africans) experienced invasions of their homeland, pillage of their resources, genocide, rape, slavery, exile, colonization, cultural theft, barbarism, and racism (in its beginning stages). From as early as 2,200 BCE Sumer, including its African neighbor Susa/Elam, endured the invasions of one increasingly brutal nomadic-barbaric ‘White’ people after another. Under the invasions of the Martu, also called the Assyrians, the strength of the African population known as Sumerian in Mesopotamia was defeated resulting in complete and utter domination at the hand of barbaric warring populations set on plunder and exploitation.

enlilBull WomanMan1 footNarimSin1
Dingir, Enki (God-Ruler of Earth) as a ‘Royal Bull’ Sumerian Royal Couple – Wife and Husband Offerings brought to Ur-Ningirsu (base of Ur-Ningirsu stature)

In addition to other benefactors, the Jewish and Arab culture and society – its religion, philosophy and government – also developed upon the plunder, domination and exploitation of the Sumerian; and including some Southern-European societies – among them Greece.

assyrianMassacre1 eslaved1
The Elamite/Susian army defeated by the Assyrians, who brutally decapitated the Elamite leader. Similar barbarity was perpetrated upon the Sumerians After developing civilization in Sumer / Mesopotamia, three-thousand years later, Africans are now sold by enslaving barbaric-Arab tribes [1237 AD Yemen, Baghdad, Iraq (formerly Sumer)]

About the images:
Sumerians represented their Dingir (gods) with crowns of ‘bull horns’, major Dingir wore numerous horns [collectively they were called the Annunaki], while lesser Dinger wore fewer horns [collectively they were called the Iggigi]. Leaders, called En were considered ‘Lesser Dinger’ incarnate, they are almost always depicted wearing the ‘Royal Beard’ and sometimes with a bull horned crown. Priest (male) are, almost always depicted as clean-shaven and without head hair. Interestingly, in spite of the ongoing invasions and colonization the Sumerians’, and the Elamites/Susians, continued to depict their Dingir (gods) in their image.
In spite of the above images and documentation to the contrary, it is interesting, and no less disturbing, that the school of ‘White’ researchers and writers of Sumer / Mesopotamian history have organized as a race-biased (racist) group to perpetuate a lie-myth-deceit and other falsehoods to deny the race (i.e. Black / African) of the Sumerian, and of the origin of Sumerian civilization. Somehow they do manage to find Africans among the population when they are conquered or enslaved.
References:
Anu, Heru-Ka, Kemet Way: The Triumph of African Civilization Over Aryan Barbarism, (publication pending)
Black, Jeremy, et.al., (1992), Gods, Demons and Symbols in Ancient Mesopotamia, University of Texas Press
Black, Jeremy, et.al. , (2004), The Literature of Ancient Sumer, Oxford University Press
Brunson, James E. ,(1990), Image of the Black In West Asian Art (5000 – 650 B.C.) – Kara Publishing
Budge, E.A.Wallis, (1895/1967), The Egyptian Book of the Dead, Dover Publications
Diop, Cheikh Anta, (1967/1974), The African Origin of Civilization; Myth or Reality, Lawrence Hill & Company
Parrot, Andre, (1961), Sumer The Dawn of Art, Golden Press (Ny)
Prichard, James B., (1969 [vol. 1], 1975 [vol. 2]), The Ancient Near East – An Anthology of Texts and Pictures, Princeton University Press
Sertima, Ivan Van, (1985), African Presence In Early Asia (“Africans In Early Asian Civilizations: A Historical Overview” – Runoko Rashidi, pp. 15-51), Journal of African Civilizations / Transaction Books
Sertima, Ivan Van, (1989/1991, Egypt Revisited (“The Lost Pharaohs of Nubia” – Bruce Williams”, pp. 90-104), Journal of African Civilizations / Transaction Books
Images:
Lewis, Bernard, (1990), Race and Slavery In the Middle East, Oxford University Press
Parrot, Andre, (1961), Sumer The Dawn of Art, Golden Press (Ny)
Saggs, H.W.F., (1995), Babylonians, University of Oklahoma Press
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TALK ABOUT BLACK EGYPTIANS,THESE ARE BLACKamerikkkans WHO CALL THEMSELVES “AMERICAN PHAROAHS”-CHECK THEM OUT-FROM GROUPS.YAHOO.COM/GROUP/AMERICANPHAROAHS

April 7, 2009

FROM groups.yahoo.com/group/americanpharoahs/

Re: ATTN: Bro. Yao-Heru-Tehuti {ORIGIN OF ANCIENT ISRAEL/PHYSICAL AP

lamar perryman wrote:

Shalom El Hetep and Greetings,
To The Mambos, Queens and Princesses Of Traditional
Black Spirituality, To The Elders, Chiefs and Houngans Of Black Spirituality, To All Group
Members United Here in Our Struggle and Quest For A Common Identity and Union, and
To Bro Yao-Heru-Tehuti.
Contents

1. Semitic
2. The Anthropological and Ethnological Evidence
3. Akan
4. The Habiru/Apiru
5. The Avrahamic Peoples
6. Kana Yisrael As A Pharoanic State
7. Israel’s Ontology
8. The Archaeological Evidence
9. Overview
10. The Conclusion

( foreword : Bro. Yao-Heru-Tehuti, It is my suggestion that you read the evidentiary portions first and
then read Israel’s Ontology last. But Respecting your sagacity that is only a suggestion. The
materials gathered here in our discussions and elsewhere is to be the subject matter of a
larger volume entitled : The Egyptian And Aramaic Origins Of West Africans And Black
Americans. )

In order to faciliate the interests of scholastic aptitude for laypersons and academics alike I
shall set out what I believe to be The Philosophical Doctrine Of The Base in the discussion between You and I seek to help the understanding of all concerned.

I would like to start by addressing your present responses and also some of the ones from
your earlier posts and highlight some issues that are of important consideration even with
the present historical records and cast some light on the questions (s) posed by scholars
as to Who Were The Canaanite/Israelite/Hyksos People instead of just saying that it is not
known who they were. This, among some other things.
To get to the heart of your arguments again. In your first response you state again that
“there is no historical archaeological evidence of an “Israel” that matches up with the mythical writings found in religious text such as the Bible. There is evidence of a people
that the Kemetic peoples called “ysri ri”….though the peoples of Israel don’t have as many
interactions with any other people as they do with the Kemetic peoples.” [Note: To High-
light Something, that is precisely my point in my response And I might also add Sumer/
Chaldea as peoples that Ancient Canaan/Israel interacted with. End Note]……You state
“There is absolutely no historical connection that can be shown between any land or
people known as “Israel” and any people known as “Hebrew” or “Habiru”. [Note: The words
Habiru/Apiru is still in serious contention among scholars and at present simply means a
homeless person, a wanderer, a brigand, a street dweller or a criminal of some sort without
regards to race.!!! It Also Means They Who Have Crossed Over Meaning By Land Or The Rivers And They Who Have Come From A Certain Place To A Certain Place In The Lands And Countries Spoken Of, ( Egypt, Sumeria, Canaan ). It Is Also A ETHNIC DESIGNATION!!! End Note].
2. You hold to the view that all of the names given in the stele and defeated by the Kemetics are foreign city-states ( meaning foreign races to you, I suppose ) and that the
determinative for ‘Israel” is simply a foreign group of people ( also meaning a foreign race
or non-black peoples to you, I suppose ). You mention the punishment of Yanoam in
comparison to Israel being just as severe… [Note: Yanoam and Israel are Virtually Syn-
onomous as Canaanite People. End Note], and……The vast majority of the inscriptions on
the stele is actually about invaders from Libya [ I Note that this is True] ….They were the
most serious threat from the study of the inscriptions…[ Note: With that last statement I
most fully disagree. These campaigns were not conducted at the same time and Canaan’s
rebellion seems to have been put down first and still fresh/recent in the minds of the
Kemetic inscribers from a reading of the inscriptions. End Note].
3&5. I have combined your responses in three and five for relation. You disagree that the
Stele proves conclusively that “Israel” were native indigenous Canaanites and that Israel/
Canaan as shown in the Stele is actually one single group of people representing their
Country. You disagree that we can tell who they actually were or are, to state: ……. we
cannot tell that they are an ethnic group from that one line….we cannot tell if they are
Canaanites from that one line or a people who invaded and assimulated Canaanite culture.
…. we cannot tell if they were black from that one line…..there is not much at all in reality
that can be discerned from that one line as to who those peoples were…… [ Note: All of
Canaan’s Towns and Peoples received a one liner from the Egyptian inscribers of the
Stele. Also it has been noted and inferred by various scholars such as Drs. J.J. Bimson,
M.G. Hasel, Sigmuend Freud, C.G. Jung and Profs. C.A. Diop, Theophile Obenga, J.A.
Rogers, Frances Cress Welsing, Josef ben-Jochanan and others that it takes a long, long
time to assimulate the language, science, art, technology and customs of a foreign
superior culture and then make a appreciable contribution to it in terms of mechanical
usage. End Note].
4. And No. 4, in response to my position about there being no foreign racial groups that
were mentioned in regards to Canaan, period, You stated : “Actually all of the people
mentioned, not only in “Canaan” but also in Libya are mentioned as foreigners. Those
other city-states in Canaan that were mentioned all have the determinative symbol indicating
foreign city-states and “ysri ri” has a determinative indicating a foreign people…” [ Note:
I do believe that YOU ARE CONFUSING FOREIGN BY COUNTRY AND NATIONALITY
WITH FOREIGN BY RACE!!! There were some White/Indo-Oriental Foreigners mentioned
as Allies of Libya But No White/Indo-Oriental Foreigners SHOWN or Mentioned in Canaan
on the Stele And That is Why The Kemetics REFERRED to Two Campaigns in One Stele!
As I have said before, They KNEW who they were looking at and Dealing With!!! More will
be said on this later, though.!!! End Note].

I have subsumed all of your responses and assertions into one so that I may answer them all in toto.
My entire position on this matter is that The Black Peoples of Canaan/Israel/Phoenicia were all One and the Same
and That it is These Black Peoples who were and are none other than The Mysterious Hyksos that
have been called Semitics and Asiatics by Indocentric, Eurocentric and some Afrocentric authors
and scholars.!!!
The first issue that I must address is the word Semitic. Understanding this word and its usages is one
of the KEYS to understanding our subject matter. The Akkaddian Inscriptions calls the Name of
Shem/Sem as Semu or Shu-Mu. it is the name of a Person, a Peoples and a Country, Sumer.
We Have To Be Very Careful When We Use The Word “Semitic” because it originally
applied to Black peoples in Mesopotamia, Sumeria and The Indus-Valley of Asia. See The
Akkaddian Inscriptions, http://www.blackandchristian.com/articles/academy/djones-02-07.shtml;
and http://www.earth-history.com/Babylon/Myth/mba17.htm. This is for your contention in an earlier
post that no historical person named “Shem” ever lived because of the lack of a historical
inscription to that effect outside of the Bible. As to Sumer and Shem, once again, from the
Mesopotamian view we look South. It is certain now that the peoples of Mesopotamia called
themselves Sumerian because they descended from and venerated the Orisha/Irumole/Imole
Person called SHU by the Egyptians. The very word means to derive from, to proceed from,
without regards to politics or religion but RACE. It also means an Act, An Event, A Social
Movement, such as the peopling of The Mesopotamia from Nile Valley and Indus-Valley
populations. Going further as to originality we are told by Prof. Amelineau and Prof. Cheikh
Anta Diop that the Orisha/Irunmole Ausar/Osiris was a True, Living Person as well as the
other Orisha/Imoles and Prof. Diop notes that the “God’s” head and other sacred parts were
found in four canopic jars at Abydos.!!! See The African Origin of Civilization, Myth or Reality.
Among these Nile Valley groups were the Akan/Kanaan peoples whose original home appears
to be Kenya as this Country still bears their ethnic name to this day. The origination of these peoples
must then have been Southern and Western, Nubian and Dravidian, which is to say South Africa
before many African/Asiatic Groups of Black Peoples assumed their own Ethnic/Tribal
Identities, Lands and Regions.
I submit that the first group of Nile Valley and Indus Valley peoples who settled the Mesopotamian
region ( Iraq, Canaan, Arabia ) were venerators of the Irumole, Imole, Neter SHU and so
named the land, its peoples, language and culture after their Patron Orisha. Even to this day
Black Hebrews refer to Black Jews as Shema Israel. The language of Canaan is called Semitic
( meaning Sumerian, Akkaddic, Ugaritic, Hebrew and ARAMAIC ). It is an Afro-Asiatic
language and is NOT Indo-Oriental or Nordic European. The language system of Black Asia
( The Dravidian Indus-Valley ) is conclusively shown to be Dravidian/Tamil/Kali/Dalit. The
Indo-Orientals/Indo-Aryans have no language system but that adopted from the Tamil system
is Vedic, Sanscrit and Hindu. The Dravidian is the Original Indigenous Asiatic Black Man and
Woman ( The South-East Asian Indian and Australian Aboriginal Type! ).
The original language system of Caucasians is the Nordic, Scandinavian, Teutonic, Celtic,
Germanic, Caucus and a corrupted bastardization of these tongues called Slavic! We also
note that Semitic referred to the Blacks of Asia First and Their Language and after that to
Japhetic Indo-Oriental and Caucasian peoples who adopted and spoke the language afterwards
and that is the SOLE origin of the word, land and peoples called Shumitic/Semitic!!!
See Semitic/Semitic Languages, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semitic.
With this one single fact we can clearly begin to explain the times of Canaan, its provincial
state periods under Egypt and Sumer, its Nationalistic periods of Independence and Regional
Rule as Canaan, Israel, and Phoenicia, its rise and fall and the reasons therefor. Also with this
one single fact we can begin to set straight the Confusion of the Torah/Tanakh Records of
The Sumerian Hebrews and The Egyptian Yewes by the Western European and American
State/Church Academic Establishments!

The Anthropological And Ethnological Evidence

For purposes of clarifications throughout this treatise ( and for rebuttals, if any ) I will proceed
first to IDENTIFY the peoples now known to the World’s State and Religious Academia as the
HAMITICS and the SHEMITICS. See Gen. 10: 6-32 ( The Western Torah, miscalled The
Christian Holy Bible ). In the beginnings of Man’s Evolution on the earth as the Human Life Form
we all know that there was only ONE Homogenous race of peoples. A critical fact long over-
looked is that there was two (2) different groups of these peoples. One group was dark-skinned
with Woolly-Hair and called Nubian. The other group was dark-skinned with Straight-Hair and
called Dravidian! See An Authentic Anthropology, by Prof. Cheikh Anta Diop,
http://www.africawithin.com ;and Dravidian India, by Prof. T.R. Sesha Iyengar,
http://www.saxakali.com/southasia/dravidian_india.htm .
Both appear to have originated in Southern Africa. The Nubian is The Biblical
Hamitic and The Dravidian is The Biblical Shemitic as well as The Original Asiatic Black Man and
Woman. Eighty 80% percent of our Human History is the Story of These Two (2) Groups of Black
Peoples with THEIR MANY, MANY ETHNIC, TRIBAL, SUB-TRIBAL DIVISIONS AND
INTERMIXTURES.!!! And now for The Paleontology of Ancient Israel.!!!

The Anthropological and Ethnic evidence will best be considered by giving the four (4) Ethnic-Tribal
Groups and their societies which form the basis, origin, developement and actual peoples called the
Canaanites, Hebrew Israelites and The Black Jews. They are:
1. The Sumerian Hebrews, The Igbo (Ibo)
2. The Egyptian Yewe, The Ewe
3. The Akan of Canaan, and
4. The Colchin of India, The Indus-Valley
Outside of biblical text the evidence shows that the Patriarch Abraham and his Wife the Matriarch
Sarah were of Sumerian Dravidian descent. His Great-Great-Great Grandfather is Eber. Eber is
nothing more or less than an Igbo/Ibo man. Whether Eber was a Nubian Man or a Dravidian I
cannot tell but the record bears out the fact that there was much, much intermixing between these
two black groups in the Middle East, Iraq and Arabian Peninsula for long, long, long periods of
time before, during, and after Abraham’s migration. We ALL, laypersons and scholars alike, appear
to forget sometimes that all of the groups mentioned in Nubia-Egypt and Sumeria-India were ALL
Ethiopian Peoples. In other words and to be more specific, Nubians and Dravidians.!!!
See http://wysinger.homestead.com/chronology.html
( Early Dynastic period, Dynasties I and II; The “Ethiopians”
according to Diodorus Siculus); and a History of The Ancient Black Races Including The Black
Hebrews, by Prof. Rudolph R. Windsor ,
http://www.amazon.com/Babylon-Timbuktu-History-Ancient-Including/dp/0962088110 .
In all of my treatises in this Thesis I have presented the ONE VIEW that the Canaanite Hebrew
Israelites and Black Jews were the product of the Intermixing of The Nubian and Dravidian Black
Peoples, The Biblical Hamitics and Shemitics. As to the antiquity of the four (4) tribes of peoples
in Sumeria, Egypt, Canaan, India and Mesopotamia See Chayah bayith Elowahh,
http://www.freewebs.com/radah/index.htm; and The Archaeology of The Bible Lands, by Magnus
Magnusson, B.C. http://www.earth-history.com/Various/Canaanite-Gods.htm; AND Ephramite
Forum-2, Other Peoples: Canaan, Ghana, Uganda. http://www.britam.org ; AND Igbo People,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igbo_People.

The Egyptian Yewe, Ewe or IU are mentioned in Egyptian historical texts and it is from this tribe
of Peoples that we get the very word JEW. It is well known now by laypersons and scholars that
Hamitic and Shemitic language systems contain no letter “J”. The use of the letter “j” came about
as a translation of hamitic and shemitic tongues into Caucasian alphabet that uses the letter “J” such
as the English language. The word Iu, Iue, Yewe and EWE evolved into the word Jew as a matter
of the translation of languages and That Alone is the Whole Matter of the modern english word
Jew. It STILL MEANS the Yewe/Ewe peoples that the word describes and comes from as these
peoples were and are the Original Jews to start with.!!! I also submit that the very word HEBREW
is from the union of these peoples dialectical tongue from their biological intermixture as a socio-
ethnic group. The word Ibo or Igbo as Eber and the word Iu, Yewe or Ewe being conjoined to
form the Ethnic word : Hebrew as IBRI-EWE or IVRI-YEWE. I believe this very, very, very strongly.
The Ewe/Yewe peoples as a whole describes their Origins as being from the lands of EGYPT and
SAUDI ARABIA. I also Highly Note that Joseph I ( Yuyasof I of On ) was born in PADAN-ARAM
TO HIS FATHER YAA’KOV-HER ( The Supplanter ) AND TO HIS MOTHER RACHEL THE
EWE.!!! He married ASENATH, the daughter of Potipherah, High Priest of the fabled City of On,
later celebrated as the Greek Heliopolis. ON is the Fabled Egyptian City of The Sun. The importance
of this will be seen later as we go on. He was buried in SHECHEM. I believe the word Shechem has
hamitic and shemitic implication and derivation from the reasons described herein. See The Ewe,
http://www.hoasogli.com ; The Africans Who Wrote The Bible, by Dr. Nana Banchie Darwah,
http://www.egyptsearch.com/forums/forum8/HTML/000994.html ; Ancient Egyptians Wrote The
Holy Bible, by Dr. Kwame Nantambu, http://yeyeolade.wordpress.com/2007/04/09/black-people-wrote-the-bible ; Gerald Massey, Ancient Egypt, The Light of The World, pgs. 474-498.
BUT SEE
http://www.destee.com/forums/showthread.php?t=32821; in which Bro. Keita presents the opposing
view.

CANAAN

Because of its importance to our discussion here, the Land and People of Canaan will be dealt with at
length. My point is that it is the Country that all four tribes mentioned came into one as a Socio-Ethnic
Group and Nationality. I begin this by identifying the Geographical Area of Ancient Canaaan from their
historical records and those of Egypt and Sumeria. To state: Modern Day Israel, Jordan, Lebanon,
Syria and Saudi Arabia. This region was called the Retennu, Sirion and later on the Levant by Egypt and
Sumeria. The importance of this description will become clearer as we move on. See Canaan, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canaan ; http://www.wikinfo.org/wiki.php?title=Canaan ; and http://www.answers.com/topic/canaan?cat=travel ; and http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/CAL_CAR/CANAAN_CANAANITES.html.
Bro.Yao, to elaborate on what I will present in this treatise I submit that the Hurru, Mittani, Hatti etc.,
WERE ALL Black Peoples of The Societies of Nubia, Libya, Egypt, Sumeria and India, The Indus-
Valley. Going further on what Profs. Cheikh A. Diop, Ivan Van Sertima and Josef ben-Jochanan has
said, until we see the societies of Nubia, Egypt, Libya, Canaan, Sumeria, and India as RELATED
Nations and NOT Isolated Societies we will continue to be as CONFUSED abour OUR Origins and
Ancestors as Caucasian and Indo-Oriental scholars are about THEIRS and OURS. This, My Brother is
The Philosophical Doctrine Of The Base in our discussions and Debate. To further illustrate what I am
saying here let us view a map of the Ancient Near East during these times. See
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Near_East ; and Maps of The Ancient Near East, http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/aneancientmaps/a/ancneareastmaps.htm ;( Especially Asia, The Indus-Valley Civilization ).
Bro. Yao, in one of my prior treatises in this thesis I told you that the conflict between Canaan, Egypt
and Sumer was not just Political, Religious and Ethnic but also Scientific! I will state a list of Canaan’s
accomplishments and then I will proceed to show just who the Canaanites/Hyksos/Israelites truly were.
The Archaeological record from about 3000 B.C. shows that :
1. The Canaanites were the first mercantile nation in the world, the very first to use coins and paper money
(papyrus) as currency !!!
2. Their Political units were the very first Federated City-States in the world ( Ugarit, Aradus, Tripoli,
Ursalima (Jurusalem), Batrun, Byblos, Beirut, Sidon, Tyre, Raphia ( the first one ) and others ).
3. They recorded much (not all) of their history and system on papyrus (paper) which they also used in
the schools and business system.
4. Among the first to have a Merchant Marines and a Regional Navy with sophisticated warships.
5. Introduced the War Chariot into Egypt, Sumeria, Libya and surrounding Countries. The Canaanite
Chariots were made of Iron and equipped with Shields.
6. The Mortuary Science was sophisticated in both cremation, mummification and burial techniques.
7.Among the first to found a Agricultural based food, textile, chemical, clothing, industrial and medical
system from the land.
8. The first in the Art of Air Travel by way of the Gas Air Ballon which later gave way to our modern
Airships called Derrigables.
EGYPT AND SUMER DID ALL THESE TOO BUT CANAAN HAD PROGRESSED TO THE
FOREFRONT.!!!
9. The first peoples to fuse Egyptian Hieroglyphics and Sumerian Cuneiform into one language to create
a Phonetic Alphabet (Aleph-Beth) and Mathematical system called ARAMAIC on which all other Modern languages have been based upon since then. This language system appears to be much, much
older than 5000 years.!!!

AKAN
The name Amurru, Amorites, Amar, Aamu and Amu is synonomous with Canaanite. According to
biblical archaeology Genesis 10:16 indicates that the “Amorites were descended from Canaan but they
must have intermarried with Semitics at a very early age because they appear as a SEMITIC people in Near
Eastern references to them. Their origin is something of a mystery, but they probably arose not too far
from the Syro-Palestine region, perhaps in the northern euphrates area. We know that Amorite mercen-
aries were used in overthrowing the Akkaddian empire of Sargon I, about 2200 B.C. Thereafter they
invaded Mesopotamia and established themselves there; the Hammurabi Dynasty (1830-1550) was
Amoritic. From certain artistic representations we may conclude that they were entering Egypt as traders
by 1900 b.c. The Amorites occupied an area in Trans-jordan as well as in Canaan. Numbers 21:21
speaks of Sihon, King of the Amorites, and Joshua 10:5 lists the towns of the Amorite league: Jerusalem,
Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon. Probably they occupied the hill country while the Canaanites lived
in the lowlands of Palestine. At one time the Amorites controlled an extensive area in Mesopotamia, Syria
and Palestine”. Genesis and Archaeology, pgs. 88-89, by Dr. Howard Frederic Vos.
Let us view some other matters that Dr. Vos comments on. On Abraham’s Identity, Dr. Vos states that
recently the idea has been advanced that Abraham was not merely a powerful Patriarch but a Merchant
Prince. In this Dr. Vos cites Cyrus Gordon who concludes ” the patriarchal narratives, far from reflecting
Bedouin life, are highly international in their milieu, in a setting where a world order enabled men to travel far and wide for business enterprise…. Abraham comes from beyond the Euphrates, plies his trade in Canaan, visits Egypt, deals with Hittites, makes treaties with Philistines, forms military alliances with Amorites, fights kinglets from as far off as Elam, marries the Egyptian Hagar, etc” and simply admits that
this shows the Patriarch Abraham to be much more than the Bedouin nomad that scholars a generation
ago thought him to be. pgs. 51-54. On the Garden of Eden, The Flood, and their many similarities Dr. Vos states: ” That there was such a place of perfection may be reflected in the Sumerian account of the
land of Dilmun. He cites both Pritchard, who believes Dilmun was the Island of Bahrein in the Persian
Gulf, and Dr. Samuel Noah Kramer who locates Dilmun in the Indus-Valley, p.19, as well as the view
that Sumeria’s Mesopotamia is the original home of the Hebrews”, p.43.
On Genesis 14 Dr. Vos writes : ” the assertion made formerly that travel was not so extensive in the
patriarchal period and that Mesopotamian ( Sumerian ) Kings did not control the area must now be
discarded. The expeditions of Kings of Elam and Babylonia appear in different light when we learn, for
instance, that as early as 2300 b.c. Sargon of Akkad ( near Babylon ) made raids on the Amorites of
Syria and Palestine. Hammurabi himself claimed that his empire extended to the Mediterranean. Of
particular significance for the present study is the fact that prior to Hammurabis’s rule in Babylon, Kudur-
Mabug, an Elamite King of Larsa ( north of Ur ), claimed to be “prince of the land of Amurru” ( Palestine
and Syria ). Furthermore, a wagon contract found at Mari in the Middle Euphrates region and dating to
the patriarchal period gives as one of its conditions of rental that the wagon shall not be driven to the
Mediterranean coastlands, hundreds of miles away. Dr. Vos also comments on the discovery by Albright
of a line of buried cities along the legendary Highway of Kings. These cities dated to the Early Bronze
(3000-2000 B.C.) and Middle Bronze (2000-1500 b.c.) Ages. Also identified was the town of eastern
Gilead, Ham, Ashteroth Karnaim in southern Syria, Kadesh-He ( along with many others ) with Ain el
Qudeirat in the Sinai Peninsula. pgs. 66-73.
On Joseph ( Zaphnath-Paaneah; Yuyasof I of On ) as Prime Minister or Pharoah Vizier of Egypt, Dr. Vos observes : ” First, it is clear that the Egyptians did not consider the Hebrews to be part of the Hyksos
movement. When the Egyptians drove out the foreign overlords in the 16th century b.c., the expulsion did
not involve the Hebrews”. Again : ” Critics used to doubt the possibility of a Palestinian slave’s rising to
such high position in Egypt as scripture says Joseph did but archaeological investigation has provided
several interesting parallels to this occurrence. A Canaanite, Meri-Ra, became armor-bearer to Pharoah;
another Canaanite, Ben-Mat-Ana, was appointed to the high position of interpreter; and a Semitic,
Yankhamu ( Jauhamu ), became deputy to Amonhotep III, with charge over the granaries of the delta,…
In commenting on the position of Jauhamu, who some believe officiated in the region of Goshen, Price
observes ” to him the Egyptian subjects in Canaan-Syria appealed in case of necessity, as he was the
high official of the Egyptian Government for that foreign state. He had all power to respond to the appeals
for grain in exchange for silver, wood, or even the sons and daughters of the buyers. The position of
Joseph as Commissioner of graneries in Goshen ( Gen.47:13 ff ) and his authority to retain the sons of
Jacob ( Yaa’kov ) as hostages remind one of the position of Jauhamu”. pgs. 101-108. Genesis and
Archaeology, by Dr. Howard Frederic Vos, 1963.
Bro. Yao. I have reprinted some of the conclusions in this book to Illustrate again the Truth and the
Modern Confusion on the subject here. Dr. Vos, a Caucasian scholar, was at least truthful to what the
evidence showed and did not show and was sensitive in his comments on race and religion in the book.
He also admitted the confusion of scholars on the Identity of The Canaanites, Hyksos, Semitics and
Habiru!!! Of course Anthropology, Archaeological research and Afrocentric Academia has shown and
proved much since then but to my knowledge has not said who the groups mentioned truly were in a
definitive sense.
The Canaanites are SIMPLY the Akan Peoples of Egypt’s Nile Valley and Sumeria’s Mesopotamia as
the many Tribal/Sub-Tribal groups throughout the region who descended from them along with the Igbo
Colchin and Ewe as a common ethnic group and CALLED THEMSELVES and their land KINAHHU.
The Hyksos and Semitics ( Amu, Aamu, Asiatics ) are SIMPLY The Black Dravidian Peoples of Sumeria, India and Canaan among them The Ibo ( Igbo), Ewe, Akan and Colchin.!!!

THE HABIRU/APIRU

Because the meaning of the word Habiru is “still” in contention among Scholars I will present my own
view of the Ethnicity and Race of the peoples called Hapiru. This will digress from our earlier discussions
on the Hapiru. By all accounts it is certain now that the term hapiru/apiru referred to peoples who were
homeless, outcasts and downtrodden at that time. In other words street peoples. The same goes for
sag’gaz, a robber without regards to race.!!! The promblem is solved in Sumeria and Egypt when we look
at where this underclass dwelt at. They erected large homeless camps near the edges of forests, deserts,
lakes, streams and along the banks of The Rivers. It is certain now that these peoples worshipped the Life
Giving Spirit of The Land, the River God HAPI. They, the lower class of Hyksos, also dwelt at the Deltas and by the Red Sea, being peasants, servants, prisoners and street peoples. This River, The Nile
(Hapi) and its deltas also being the home of Apophys-Set-Typhon, the Crocodile Gods, and Ipi. In
Sumeria the same is Enbil-Ulu. These peoples in the areas were no Indo-Orientals or Caucasian foreigners
but the Egyptians and Sumerians OWN UNDERCLASS being mainly Canaanites with poor Egyptians,
Libyans, Sumerians and Nubians included. It is also a known fact and no secret that Egyptian/Sumerian
peoples and dynasties had many of these peoples as house servants and field slaves. For all of the talk
about “crossing over the Rivers and Red Sea” these are the Hapiru/Habiru so-called from their veneration
or worshipping at that time of the Spirit of The Nile, a favorite of the oppressed and downtrodden, The
River God HAPI.

THE AVRAHAMIC PEOPLES

These are the peoples, the descendants of ABRAHAM, who produced Isaac ( Yitzhak ), Jacob
( Yaa’Kov ), the 15th to 16th dynasties of Ancient Egypt, the Nation-State of Kana Yisra’el, and its
connections to the 18th dynasty of Ancient Egypt. I also note the fact that their native presence was
attested to in Ancient Egypt as early as the 13th Dynasty.!!! In order to explain the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt it is helpful if we look at the 15th to 16th dynasties and the formation of Kana Yisra’el
as a socio-ethnic and political group. The names of the Hyksos Kings are unquestionably Canaanitish.
As the Akan, Igbo, Yewe and Colchin groups began to coalease in the region of Canaan, they all
originating from a common background and bond, along with the minor substrata of other various small
tribal groups ( the mixed multitude of the Torah and Biblical records ) we see the people of Canaan as
Israel finally take shape as a Nation. One of the reasons for this is that the 15th to 16th Dynasties were
THESE CANAANITES themselves. It is important to note that the timeline for Canaan/Egypt’s most
important events concerning Israel is from 1650 to 1150 b.c.e. It is especially important to anaylyze the
time period for the 15-16th dynasties for this is when the Patriarch Jacob ( Yaa’Kov, the Supplanter )
appears. Jacob is called Yaa’kov-Aru, Yaa’kov-Her and Yaa’kov-Baal. The founder of the 15th Dynasty
was Salitis ( also called Shalik, Saites and May-Ebre Sheshi, literally translated as MAH-IBRI-SHE-ISHI.!!!), and the last King of this dynasty was Auserre Apophis I ( Ausar-Re Apophys I ). In other
words these Canaanites were the Self-Styled Pharoahs of the Delta, Canaanite and Arabian Peninsular
regions. It is said that Yaa’kov-Her had 12 sons by the Matriarchs Rachel, Leah and the Matriarch
Mistresses Bilhah and Zilpah. It it also a fact that Canaan had 12 Tribes. The CONFUSION results from
modern scholars giving the family names of Each Son as the Tribal names itself of each group. And these
were the 12 Sons of Yaa’kov that settled in each of the lands and territories of the 12 Canaanite tribes.
The 12 Sons and their Wives were SIMPLY the heads of these 12 Canaanite families, clans, groups and
Tribes of peoples in Canaan. As time went on from the earliest periods, their names and the Canaanite
tribal names became synonomous and identical. That is what happened there. That is all.
On Joseph ( Zaphnath-Paaneah; Yuyasof I of On ) again, I believe that Joseph was a Pharoah Vizier
under his Father Yaa’kov-Baal of the 16th Dynasty. When comparing the historical records from the
ancient texts to modern theoretical interpretaions it is interesting to note the similarities and differences as
told by academia of all schools. They make it so confusing, perplexing and non-common sensical at times.
In my opinion it would seem to me that Joseph was not just “sold” into slavery but was bartered, ransomed, captured and/or taken as a political prisoner-of-war (after all, they were at war with the
southern dynasties and others in that day and time) and his release was effected by BOTH Official
Diplomatic and Spiritual means. I also note that in the Book Joseph And Asenath, Ase-Nath, his wife to
be, already a Queen Princess at this time looked MORE LIKE A DAUGHTER OF THE HEBREW
ISRAELITES ( Read : Canaanite/Hyksos/Israelite ) than any of the other women belonging to the various
socio-ethnic tribes making up the population of Egypt in that day and time. I submit that Joseph was a
Pharoah Vizier of the 16th Dynasty ( called Hyksos ) under his Father Yaa’kov-Her and simply
ascended the throne after the death of the Partriarchal Pharoah. Again, See Joseph and The Hyksos, http://www.freemaninstitute.com/Gallery/joseph.htm, echoeing the same conclusions reached by Dr. Vos
and others that the “expulsion of the foreign overlords” by the Southern Theban Dynasty did not include
the Hebrews. However as Dr. Vos admits, western academic scholars were labouring under the
“assumption” ( Academic Theory ) that the Canaanites/Hyksos/Israelites were different ( non-black,
non-native ) groups of peoples or a foreign race of people altogether which is the view that you presently
hold also Bro. Yao. Again I propound the fact that there is not a shred of anthropological or archaeological evidence to support your theory.!!!
See Joseph In Egyptian Historical Records,
http://www.answers.com/main/ntq-tname-joseph-warton-fts-start-o; and Jacob-Baal,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixteenth_dynasty_of_Egypt ; and also See Genesis, KJV : Chap. 44: 1-34 ; Chp. 45: 1-28 ; Chp. 47: 1-31 ; andChp. 48: 1-22 ( Where The Land of Egypt and Canaan are VIRTUALLY INDISTINGUISHABLE ) !!!
All of the anthropological, archaeological, ethnological and linguistic evidence supports the fact that the four tribes mentioned herein ARE the
peoples known as the Hebrew Israelites and Black Jews. After much intermixing in the Nile Valley and Mesopotamia ( Egypt, Sumer, Canaan )
Canaan is the land where these four groups, already ONE, merged into a Nation as a Socio-Ethnic Group with a NATIONAL, INDEPENDENT,
SOVEREIGN IDENTITY. And that is how a SOCIO-ETHNIC GROUP AND A NATION IS BORN!!! The evidence supports the fact that
these Indigenous Canaanites are indeed the peoples of the book. Using this as our primary ideology here, let us approach the finding and
identification of the Israelites from the Egyptians OWN words in describing them and what they called them in the Middle Kingdom and Early
New Kingdom period and see just how easily we can find Israel in Egypt again and again and at almost every single turn. They called them
SYRIANS and referred to Canaan-Arabia as The RETENNU and LEVANT. This as we can easily see was a RACIAL as well as a Geographical
Classification, Retennu meaning Blacks but not of Egypt but the Akinahhu of The Land of Canaan. To put it plainly the Hyksos peoples was
nothing but these peoples and the Rulers, Chieftains, Nobles and the powers that be of Canaan ( along with the other small groups of Libyan,
Sumerian, Nubian and Indus-Valley populations that were present among them ) as evidenced and described by the SUMERIANS AND EGYPTIANS THEMSELVES. !!! See Joseph, The Alignment of The Chronological Records, http://www.lordbalto.com/neros/ .
They were also referred to as the WEARERS OF THE LOCKS ( you know, as in plaits, braids, sidelocks, Dreadlocks ). The Merneptah
Stela clearly DEMYSTIFIES Ancient Israel rather than MYSTIFY them. ( I myself have always known that the Stele itself is the
Incontrovertible Proof of the Black Canaanites who were denoted as Israel by none other than themselves and their Sister Nations, Ancient
Egypt and Sumer every since laypersons and scholars alike have tried to use the Stele to Prove or Disprove the existence of Israel as a
Canaanite Ethnic Group for quite, quite, quite some time now !!! heh, heh, heh, heh, heh ). See The Merneptah Stela,

http://www.christiananswers.net/q-abr/abr-a015.html.

Once again, for what a Native Canaanite looked like in the fifteenth century b.c. to 70 A.D. to present, See Harpers Bible Dictionary, pgs. 151-153, First Edition, 1985 ( Description : Canaanite Dignitary
with arm raised in salute; Bronze Plaque from Hazor, Fifteenth Century B.C. : The Canaanite Official in
this Stele is a very black person, extremely dark-complexioned. He wears undergarments similar to our
modern day clothing over which there is a Robe. In the olden days these Officials often wore a circular
ribbon about their upper body with Aramaic language and Adrinka symbols inscribed thereon denoting the
rank, country, station and function of the dignitary. This clothing is identical to West African Clothing today
called KENTE CLOTH. ), And, to further Drive The Point Home > See Rabbi Mordecai Abi Serour,
History of The Jews of Bilad el-Sudan ( In Fact, Read The Whole Article and The References in it ),
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jews_of_the_Bilad_el_Sudan_%28West_Africa%29 ; and this one too, The
Igbo People : http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Igbo_people.; Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, pgs.
174-175, by Margaret Bunson. The Hyksos/Israelites were no “new race and/or new people”. Egypt
called them SIRIONS, Sumerians called them ARAMEANS and Manetho himself called them ARABS
and PHOENICIANS. These Canaanite peoples were indigenous to Canaan, Sumer and Egypt. See
Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt, pgs. 87-89, by Rosalie David ; Ancient Syria, http:ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_syria-ancient.htm ; And Hyksos ; http://www.imninalu.net/Hyksos.htm ;Hyksos,
http://www.messiah.org/hyksos33-1.htm ; http://www.freewebs.com/jwest/Hyksos.html ; And Hyksos,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/hyksos.

KANA YISRAEL AS A PHAROANIC STATE
The 15th to 16th Israel dynasties were the basis, origin and developement of the Canaanite State of
Israel as a Independent, Sovereign Pharoanic State. After their expulsion from North Egypt in 1567 by
the Southern Pharoah Ahmose I ( Kamoses ) they withdrew again to Canaan. Still Canaanites continued
to play a large role in the Egyptian dynasties and society. In continuing the socio-political drama this leads
us up to the famous 18th dynasty of Pharoah Akenaton and his Vizier, The Priest-King Osarseph ( The
Tetmoses Osarseph or Tetmosi Osar-Yuyasof II of On ) better known as the biblical King Moses.
Yes, Bro. Yao. What I am saying is that the Chief Dynasties of The Canaanites were the Amurru and
the 15th to 16th Dynasties of Egypt were the Proto-Israelite and Israelite Dynasties who sat on the Thrones of Ancient Egypt as they sat on the Thrones of Mesopotamia also.!!! To understand this better
See The Prophecy To The Avrahamic ( Abrahamic ) Peoples. Western Torah, Gen. Chap. 17: 1-27 ;
Chaps. 16-17 ; and Chap. 25: 1-23.
However we are concerned now with the Administration of Akenaton ( Amonhotep IV ). It seems that
after the Theban southerners drove the Canaanites back into Canaan they oppressed the Hebrews still in
Egypt and made frequent incursions into the Land of Kanaan. But again, a Canaanite family rose to power
in the 18th dynasty of Egypt in the person of Pharoah Tetmoses Osarseph. [ Note: To explain the Pharoah/Pharoah Vizier King Tetmoses Osarseph ( also known as Yuyasof II of On, Damoses and
Tamoses ) the name SEPH or SOF MEANS descendant of Joseph, ( Yuyasof I of On, Zaphnath-Paaneah ), Ephraim, Manesseh, Benjamin and Judah whom the Levites lived among and intermarried with in Goshen, North Egypt. A practice which Pharoah Tetmoses discontinued as he assigned the Levite-Zadoks a special status when he withdrew ALL Hebrew Canaanites back into their own native land within their own national borders, named it Kana Yisrael, and established himself as the First and Founding Pharoah of Kana Yisra’el’s First Dynasty with Joshua as the Pharoah Vizier or Prime Minister. This was The Second Exodus. A voluntary one. The first dynasties were A COLONIZATION OF NORTHERNKEMET/EGYPT BY THE HEBREWS. Now, the first exodus or expulsion of the last Kings of the Israelite 16th Dynasty in North Egypt and the attempt by southern Kemetics to REMOVE ALL TRACES of the CANAANITE presence WAS because that was the first and only time in its native history that KEMET had been COLONIZED, albeit an INTERNAL ONE.!!! Phr. Tetmoses, in founding a Independent Canaanite State, had to deal with native elements loyal to the southern dynasties, Sumeria, and selfish ones out for their own power, resettle the 12 Canaanite Tribes, and write The First Democratic Constitution.The Constitution of Man and Woman, The Torah.!
This is the BASE of the stories about Phr. Tetmoses and Joshua’s wars with the Egyptians and hostile
elements in native Canaan. He and Joshua oversaw all of this along with the High Priest Aaron and Matriarch Queen Miriam. Pharoah Tetmoses also lived for 120 years beginning his work at the age of
40 !!! End Note ]. He made the final break with the southern Theban dynasties after Akenaten’s death,
re-established Canaan as a Independent State as Kana Yisrael and begin Judaism according to the
Patriarchal Command as the Native Culture.This is the Whole Story of the Exodus and The Mosaic-Joshua Dynasty of Ancient Kana Yisra’el in Canaan, more or less. This is ALSO for the unleavened,
half-leavened, half-mixed, half-baked Hebrew Israelites in CERTAIN GROUPS and Individuals with
street level, race-based so-called “Knowledge” who are teaching the Lie that Judaism ( YAHUDAISM )
is a Japheth Russian/Caucasian Ashkenazi “invention”. There are Hebrew Israelites, that just like other
Black peoples, are not prepared to accept and face the Facts of Israel and its True History. Having been
De-Culturized for so long they do not understand the real and true meaning of what it means to be the Hebrew Israelites. That will be addressed in Israel’s Ontology. See The Moses Mystery, The African
Origins Of The Jewish People, by Gary Greenberg ,
http://www.amazon.com/Moses-Mystery-African-Origins-Jewish/dp/customer-reviews/15597223 ( Go To: Look Inside Another Edition Of This Book for an Academic Introduction ); Ahmed Osman, http://ahmedosman.com/home.html ; Moses In History, http://www.ufaqs.com/wiki/en/mo/Moses.htm
Hyksos, http://www.1911encyclopedia.org ; http://www.answers.com/topic/hyksos ; Osarseph http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osarseph ; Breaking News: Man Named Moses Declares “Set My People Free!” Leads Gang Of Hoodlums Into Wilderness, http://www.culturekitchen.com/categories/moses ; The Origin of the Jewish People and the Land of Canaan, by David Storobin,
http://www.globalpolitician.com/articles.asp?ID=1765&print=true ; And, http://pub34.bravenet.com/forum/2860232918/fetch/988322 ; AND Genetic Evidence : West African/SubSaharan Peoples Are The Original Canaanites, Israelites And Arabs,
http://globalpolitician.com/articledes.asp?ID=851&cid=2&sid=71; And The Israelites Were Pharoahs of Egypt, page 1, by Ralph Ellis, http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread165852/pg1 ; And,
http://www.dailygrail.com/node/672 .

Also See
The Original And Only Amorites Were Black Canaanites, The Mount Zion Assembly Of Yah,
http://members.tripod.com/zionofjah/id33.htm ; And,

http://yeyeolade.wordpress.com/2007/08/19/the-original-arabs-were-black-also.

ISRAEL’S ONTOLOGY
To begin with I will give the definition of Ontology : The branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature
of being ; a particular theory about the nature of beings or the kinds of existents. I have heard it said by modern Caucasian Greek scholars, Indo-Arabs and Black Egyptologists the Hebrew Israelites/Black Jews worship a Demiurge. Scholastic conjecture COULD NOT be better than this. Let a layman person
enter the FRAY here. I will give you the old magical Hebrew formula for determining “a God” and THE
GOD. Let us apply this formula Right Here! The first one is Linguistics with its ETYMOLOGY ( Etymology MUST be applied because languages can be corrupted, badly Translated and falsely Transliterated ! ). The other two (2) are FUNCTION and PLACE. YAH/YAA, the Sole and Supreme
Creator God has descended down to us as OM-YAH, AMYN-YAH, and EL YAH from Nubia-Kush
( Nubi-Yah, Nabi-Yah ), Indus-Kish ( Indi-Yah, Indu-Yah ) and Sumeria ( Semeri-Yah, Shemi-Yah )
from Time immemorial. YAH was known in Egypt ( Kemet, Kemi-Yah ) as YHUH, HUHI ( NOT AS
LAH ), in India as OYM/OM, YAA/YOM/YAM, Sumeria as ELYON ELYON EL, meaning The God,
The God, The Great God, in Nubia as AMYN, AYM, AMN and AM, The AMEN, and in Canaan as
EL YAH, The God who is Known but Unknown. This is why YAH was and still is taught by word and
thought only, The Sacred Three/Four Letter Word of The Ancestors!!! YAH is not Interchangeable and
Transliterable with Lah.!!! ( The “Y” is only transliterable as O,A,U,I BUT is equivalent to the First Three
Only as “O”, the SYMBOL of the Cosmos, All in All, The ALL ONE ). The LAH of Egypt directly
descends to us today as identically Lah, meaning the MOON and el-El or al-Al, meaning “a God”,
literally translated as AL-LAH, The Moon God. Also See ALLAH, The Moon God in the form of a
person as DUMUZI, The Sumerian Messiah, Shepherd King and Shepherd of Men equal to the Egyptian
Tehuti ( All the Kings and Priests were called Shepherds of Men by The Ancestral Nations, NOT just
Egyptians and Hebrews ! These Are Facts Without Emotion, Hate or Sacrilege Also. Just THE FACTS ).
http://www.geocities.com/garyweb65/sumgods.html .
No such translation exists for YAH and IAH is a corruption of LAH, NOT YAH !!! If IAH is proposed
or theorized as a corruption of YAH it is a badly disconfigured one.Now, even PTAH is a form of YAH
as PTYH, PTHY, and PTYAH.!!! YAH is the Hebrew Israelite word for Supreme Being and Creator
God. That is All ! ( Compare Meroitic-Egyptian Hieroglyph, Tamil-Sumerian Cuneiform and Aramaic
Ugaritic Hebrew !!! ) .
2. Place : YAH could not be a form of Tehuti or he a form of YAH because YAH is First and Tehuti was
merely a messenger, teacher, guide and initiator into the various Religio-Spiritual systems of that day and
time. Second of all, YAH is the Aramaic Hebrew word for Ideal, Divine, Cosmic, Transcendental, The
Universal One. The same meaning as YAH has Today for YAH changes not. Third of all, YAH can not
be a “Moon God” or “a Tehuti” for YAH has no Images or Representations. It is said and taught that YAH
dwells in the Thick, Thick, Thick Darkness. A Ontological term for The Melanated Essence of the Cosmos
and ALL. Even today Israelites have no artistic representations and images of YAH and no else does either !!!
Fourth of All, YAH was known and worshipped in the Secret Societies by the High Initiates Only and Only
By The 3 Letter and 4 Letter Sacred Secret Word of The Ancient World.!!!
3. Function : The Supremacy of YAH as EL YAH in the Canaanite Pantheon is well illustrated in several,
numerous instances where the Orishas, Neters, Anunaki, the BAALIM of Israel , the “lesser Gods, Lords
Deities or SPIRITS” Have to go to YAH to get permission for to do just about almost anything, whether it
be good, evil, or to bestow a favor, curse, or impreesion upon someone especially if that person ( Man,
Woman, Child ) be loyal and beholden to YAH or be given a destiny by YAH or Not bothered at all.!
I will give 3 instances from the Torah/Tanakh and bring this part to a close about YAH’S Supremacy in
Hebrew and World Ontology !!! See Holy Tanakh/Bible, Book of Job ( Iyyob ), Chap. 1: 1-22 ; Numbers,
Chapters 22, 23 and 24 ; and I Kings, Chap. 22: 1-53.

And Now for the HARD Part. Hard because Indigenous Black Spiritualists and those of Organized
Religions Do Not Want to Accept WHAT IS AND IS A FACT !!! Now, to explain The ROOT AND
BASE of ANCESTRAL JUDAISM. In Israel, the word for Yoruba-Dogon-Kemet and Dravidian Tamil
Indian Orishas, Anunakis, and Loas IS BAALIM AND ELOAS. The basis of Judaism in its origins and
and developements is nothing but Traditional Black Spirituality of Africa and Asia known as VODUN.!!!
And Black Evolutionary Science known as ANIMISM. Our Ancestors Have Always Taught us that
this World Of Nature is Just AS Important, Alive and Diverse as is The World of Spirit. This System of
Culture IS BOTH MATRIARCHAL AND PATRIARCHAL BEING MATRIARCHAL FIRST. !!!
The Teaching of Judaism comes from The School of MELCHIZEDEK, THE ANCESTRAL SPIRIT
OF KANAAN BENE YISRAEL, Just as Osiris is The Ancestral Spirit of Egypt/Kemet and Enlil The
Ancestral Spirit of Sumer, This MELCHIZEDEK, A CANAANITE KING AND PRIEST OF THE
MOST HIGH GOD ( El Yah ; YHVH The El; Elyon Elyon El ) whom Our Patriarchal Father Abraham Met and gave Tithes, Supplication and Ancestral Veneration to. This was before The Patriarchal Father
married his Matriarchal Mistress, Mother Hagar, Our Mother Also. Matriarch Hagar is Agar, A Agaritic or Ugaritic Woman, A CANAANITE! And that is Also why Patriarchal Father Abraham ( ABBA’ HAM ) is ALSO called The Father Of Ham.!!! There also goes out the Door and Window
of Truth “The Lie of The Mythical Curse On Canaan” INSERTED into Our Torah/Tanakh
Records by Roman, English, Indo-Arab and Russian Ashkenazi “White Jews” Academia!!!
To Illustrate on BAALIM again : The Neter SHU in Egypt, The Anunaki SHU in Sumeria, is
to the Canaanite Hebrew Israelites : The BAAL SHEM or BAAL SHU-MU. A word that HEBREWS still use today to refer To Our Origins. He is the Brother of Ham ( Who is OSIRIS ), Anu,
Enki, Enlil and others. The word Baal in Hebrew means a Lord of The Land .
Because This Treatise is to Promote Unity, Love, Peace and Harmony I will set out how Black Hebrewism and its Culture Judaism is to be viewed and defined by. Judaism has No Law of Coercion
whether by Force or Guile!!! The Most Critical Fact, LONG OVERLOKED, is That ALL Black
Spiritual Systems SHARE a Creator-God Concept surrounded by a host of lesser Spirits. Judasim should be seen as ALL African Religions and Spiritualities such as Egyptian Amenism, Sumerian Anuism, Indian
Brahmanism and Buddhism, Orisha-Ifa, Santeria, Candomble, Sectarian Christianity and Sectarian
Theocratic Islam PURIFIED and STRIPPED of The Multiplicities. The multiplicities that causes conflicts
and DIVISIONS. We believe that YAH, through Pharoah Tetmoses, preserved YAH’S name through all
generations.
Hebrew Spirituality and Mystical Judaism should be viewed as a UNITY system. In commenting above on the relation that we all SHARE of a Creator-God and lesser Orishas, Loas, Deities and Spirits Hebraic Spirituality and Mystical Judaism teaches that the SPIRITS, if they be True and Real, are all a part of and function of God (YAH) and not SEPARATE from YAH. Just as one Cannot separate a Ray
of Sunlight from its Source, The Sun. For this reason these functions of God (YAH) are called ELOHEEM. This is the context that Hebrew Spirituality and Mystical Judaism should be viewed in by
Traditional Spirituality and Orthodox Religions.
For Messianic Hebrew Israelites who look to a Messiah, the belief, veneration and practice of a Divine
Virgin Mother who gives Birth to a Son who IS THE MESSIAH coming to SAVE His People for Their
GOD IS JUST AS OLD AS THE CREATOR-GOD CONCEPT among ALL the Afro-Asiatic Peoples in the World to this day. I am a practicing Mosaic Messianic Hebrew Israelite because I KNOW that there is No DIVISION in Our Scriptures and that BOTH Moses and Yashua lead to the same ONE : YAH ! And That Is ISRAEL’S ONTOLOGY !!!
For Hebrew Israelites in this Age of Increased Knowledge, The Scientific Technological Age, when
beset on all sides by psychological and material coercions, made to feel that Hebrewism and its Culture
is borrowed, or made to think that Judaism is a Inferior Spirituality, YOU NEED NOT BE DISMAYED.
Hebrewism and its Judaism is quite the contrary and its Effectiveness has been Time-Tested through our
ANCESTORS and US! In The Darkest And Finest Hour That Is When YAH is There.
And that, My Bro.Yao-Heru-Tehuti, and all others concerned is The Ontology of Israel!
See Biblical Beginnings In Ancient Egypt, ( A Very, Very Good and Interesting Site When One Knows How To Read It, Whether Black Egyptologist, Sumerianist or Hebrew ; Scroll To Jehovah and
Read The Portion About HUHI=IHVH=YAH and then Go To RE HPRW NEB translated as the GOD
OF ALL HEBREWS. The Text Never Gets Away From The ETERNITY and COSMIC BEING OF
HUHI=IHVH=:YAH No Matter how Many Persons, Moon Images and Human Beings That YAH is
Associated With !!! In Fact Hebrews and All Others Should Read This. As For Languages ALL of The
Ancestors LANGUAGES DID NOT COME FROM EGYPT AND HAD THEIR OWN MEANINGS
AS WELL and Their Is MUCH ARAMAIC HEBREW That is UNTRANSLATABLE and UNTRANSLITERABLE TODAY AS IS EGYPTIAN, MEROITIC, SUMERIAN AND DRAVIDIAN
TAMIL SCRIPTS ….. !!!!!!!! . See : http://home.austarnet.com.au/calum/egyptb.html ; And The Names Of God In Judaism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_God_in_Judaism.

Bro. Yao, When You Are Finished With That, NOW SEE : CHILDREN OF YAH : PRESENTING THE Anthro-Archeo-Bioethnic-ONTOLOGICAL EVIDENCE THAT BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES ARE THE FIRST PEOPLES IN THE AMERICAS NORTH AND SOUTH ALONG WITH THE HAMITIC OLMECS AND HEBREWS WERE A MAJOR PART OF THAT
CIVILIZATION TOO AS SHOWN BY DR. CYRUS GORDON, MAJOR MORDECAI MANUAL
NOAH, WHO DIRECTS THAT THE BLACK JEWS OF INDIA AND AFRICA SHALL HAVE AN EQUALITY HERE AS NATIVE AMERICAN INDIANS AND DR WELLS JAKEMAN, WHO,
WHILE TRYING TO PROVE THE BOOK OF MORMON, ACTUALLY PROVED THAT BLACK
AMERICANS OF OUR SAME TYPE HERE TODAY WERE THE PEOPLES HERE FIRST !!!!!!!!
See http://www.childrenofyah.org/name_of_god.htm ; http://ourworld.cs.com/mikegriffith1/bomworld.htm ;
http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/MA/nilesre1.htm ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthew_Stirling ;
http://hope-of-Israel.org/hebinusa.htm ; Then See : Afrocentrism, 4. African as a race,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afrocentrism ; I Rest My Case on The Universality of Hebrew Israelites and
YAH.
[

(Message over 64k, truncated.) Mon Jan 7, 2008 3:05 pm

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lamar perryman
hebrew32kush

Re: ATTN: Bro. Yao-Heru-Tehuti {ORIGIN OF ANCIENT ISRAEL/PHYSICAL AP
FORWARD TO DRAFT BOX AND RE-EDIT. lamar perryman wrote: Shalom El Hetep and Greetings, To The Mambos, Queens and Princesses Of… lamar perryman
hebrew32kush
Jan 7, 2008
3:05 pm

THE SUMERIANS AND OTHERS IN THE “NEAR EAST” WERE BLACK! FROM EGYPTSEARCH.COM

December 5, 2007

from egyptsearch.com

CLICK ON AND SEE GREAT PICTURES OF BLACKS!

Author Topic: Africa, Semites, and the “Near East”
Neith-Athena
Member
Member # 10040

Rate Member posted 28 November, 2007 05:08 PM
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I have broached this topic before, but would like to do so more fully now. Are there any languages besides the Elamites’ (probably related to Dravidian) or the Sumerians’ (a language isolate” in the “Near East” that are not Semitic? Did total linguistic replacement take place? Would the linguistic evidence, the archaeological and anthropological, and the genetic evidence not lead scholars to admit the pivotal role of Africans (not to dismiss the contributions of others) to the development of the “Near East”? Any responses would be appreciated.

Thanks.
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 28 November, 2007 09:25 PM
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Yes. The thing you have to understand is that the Sumerian, Elamite and Dravidian languages are related. Not only are they related to one another they are also related to the Niger Congo languages especially : Mande, and Wolof.

The original inhabitants of South and West Asia were the Anu people. A catastrophe took place and many of the Anu centers of civilization outside the Nile Valley were destroyed.

The Sumerians were negroes , just like Africans.

Sumerian King Gudea

. [/qb]

Between 3500 and 2500 BC Kushite people from the Saharan highlands speaking Sumerian began to occupy Mesopotamia. Around the same time these Kushites entered Mesopotamia, the contemporary Syrian types began to migrate from the mountain areas into the valley areas settled by Sumerians. These mauranding nomads were called Gutians.

Gutians

In the history text these Gutians are protrayed as Sumerians. In reality the Gutian leaders of Lagash are not mentioned in any of the Sumerian King list.

.
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 28 November, 2007 09:30 PM
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The Sumerians were differentiating themselves from the Gutians.

Gutian ….. Sumerian

Gutian

Sumerian King Gudea

Note the different handshake of the Sumerian and the Gutians. Much of the art published relating to Sumerians, are often pictures of the Gutians when they ruled Lagash.

No Gutian kings of Lagash are mentioned in the Sumerian King List.
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Mystery Solver
Member
Member # 9033

posted 28 November, 2007 10:09 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Neith-Athena:

I have broached this topic before, but would like to do so more fully now. Are there any languages besides the Elamites’ (probably related to Dravidian) or the Sumerians’ (a language isolate” in the “Near East” that are not Semitic?
——————————————————————————–

Scanty evidence of writing that can be traced back further in time than the dates approximated for the above mentioned groups, makes it difficult to determine how many more different languages may have been spoken in the region, besides or prior to the predominance of Semitic speaking groups in the region as seen today. It has even been suggested that…

perhaps there is an initial influence of Egyptian writing on Mesopotamia because there are signs on Mesopotamian objects that are only “readable” from the standpoint of the Egyptian language, but not the Mesopotamian language..

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Neith-Athena:

Did total linguistic replacement take place?
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It is safe to assume that prior to the movement of proto-Afrasan groups into the region, that this region would have had groups which spoke non-Afrasan languages. Over time, some languages eventually died out, while new ones developed from pre-existing branches. Given this, even if it is said that Afrasan languages didn’t ‘totally’ replace any pre-existing languages, it can be safely said that Afrasan languages largely replaced them.

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Neith-Athena:

Would the linguistic evidence, the archaeological and anthropological, and the genetic evidence not lead scholars to admit the pivotal role of Africans (not to dismiss the contributions of others) to the development of the “Near East”? Any responses would be appreciated.
——————————————————————————–

Already has. See above; almost the entire “Near Eastern” region from the Levant onwards is dominated by Afrasan languages. Upper Paleolithic and/or early Neolithic expanded PN2-derived lineages have virtually become markers for the spread of the farming economy. “Neolithic” era crania in the Levant have been characterized as a composite of distinctive modal patterns, certain aspects of which suggest strong affinities with specimens from the Upper Nile Valley. Certain new lithic [hence “Neolithic”] tools dated to a time frame prior to the “Neolithic agriculture” economy of the Levant, have been linked back to north Africa.

Related discussion amongst the many: Neolithic farmers, early semitic and Mesopotamia
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 28 November, 2007 10:10 PM
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History as written today is nothing but falsehood. For example, here is a Sumerian:

But instead of showing Sumerians in textbooks scholars provide pictures of Gutians from Lagash:

Without the concept of race the lie being taught that the Sumerians were non-Blacks–Gutians– will exist forever, since text book publishers only publish what they want us to believe.You can continue to follow the Eurocentrists propaganda that erases Blacks from ancient history–I would rather stick to reality.

.
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rasol
Member
Member # 4592

posted 28 November, 2007 10:41 PM
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quote:
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Without the concept of race the lie being taught that the Sumerians were non-Blacks–Gutians– will exist forever, since text book publishers only publish what they want us to believe.
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I agree 100% that the Sumerians are misrepresented.

Indeed, the concept of race, which is itself a misrepresentation of biology is in part culpable for this misrepresentation, and never has been and never will be able to provide resolution.

Race in anthropology is a dead end debate, and you actually illustate this with your photos.

Advocates of race, can and will argue that this statue is caucasian, while you counter argue that is negro.

Such and argument has never progressed beyound shouting across a table.

This is one reason why most anthropologist no longer attempt to ascribe pseudo-scientific race classifications to ancient populations.

Race, in anthropology, is fatally flawed concept, it is percieved as -necessary- only for those whose thinking caged by European racists of the 17th century, who provided a world view, that some misguided Africanist scholars are still -reacting- to with racialist -counter myths-.

Modern African scholars are pursuing a revolutionary [as opposed to reactionary] discourse, which rethinks human history in terms that moot the old-dead-end race arguments.
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 28 November, 2007 10:45 PM
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The languages spoken in ancient Mesopotamia and the Levant have changed overtime. The first people to dominate the area were the Sumerians. The language spoken by the Sumerians was adopted by the nomadic people living in the area, especially the Gutians.

Akkadian

The Sumerians were conquered by the Akkadians the Akkadians spoke a Semitic language. The linguistic evidence makes it clear that the Akkadians originated in the Sudan,migrated across East Africa into Arabia and replaced the Sumerians as the dominate group in Mesopotamia. The Gutians, once the Akkadians took over the region replaced Sumerian with the Semitic language spoken by the Akkadians. Since Akkadian times Semitic has been the dominate language in Mesopotamia.

Anoth group of Semitic speakers settled the Levant.These people were a great naval power called the Cananites and Phonesians.

The linguistic evidence makes it clear that the Akkadians originated in Africa.

According to Haupt, in 1878, Akkadian , Minaean
and Ethiopic all belong to the same group of Semitic
languages, even though they are separated in time and
by great geographical distance. This is surprising
considering the fact that Ethiopic and Akkadian are
separated by many hundreds of years. The best example
of this unity is the presence of shared archaicism
. The linguistic feature of shared
archaicism is the appearance of the vowel after the
first consonant of the imperfect.

For example, one of the most outstanding features
of Ethiopian Semitic languages, is the presence of a vowel following the
first consonant in the verb form known as the
imperfect, e.g., yi quattul (using the hypothetical
verb consonants q-t-l, yi is the person marking
prefix) or yi k’ettl ‘he kills’. In Southwest Semitic
the form of the perfect is yu qtul-u . Here we have
the same hypothetical q-t-l form, but there is no
vowel following the first consonant of the verb root.

It is common in non-African languages to form words with two consonants. African languages usually have a vowel separting each consonant in a word e.g., unasema kiswahilli “Can you speak Swahilli’.

The fact that Akkadian has shared archaicism with Ethiopian Semitic
languages shows that at the time the
Akkadians and Ethiopic speakers separated these groups
had dialectical unity. The lack of this trait in
Arabic and Hebrew shows that they have been influenced
by the Indo-European speakers who invaded Palestine
and Arabia between 1300 B.C. and 900 B.C.

Semitic verb root

code:
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Akkadian Ethiopic/S.Arabiankl ‘to be dark’ ekelu Soqotri okil ‘to cover’mr ‘to see’ amaru Geez ammara;Tigre amarabr ‘to catch’ baru Soqotri b’rdgh ‘remove’ daqu Geez dagba ‘to perforate’kdn ‘to protect’ kidin Tigre kadna

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I call the Semitic languages , Puntite languages since there homeland was probably in the region the Egyptians called Punt.

The Cushitic substratum has strongly influenced
the phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary of
the Puntite languages.

code:
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Cushitic English SemiticSaho la wild cow *la-atSomali la id. id.

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This supports the view of I.M. Diakonoff that the
Semitic speakers and A-Group lived in close proximity
in ancient times. Archaeological evidence also supports this reality. A common ceramic style associated with ancient cultures in Northeast Africa and Arabia is the Tihama culture.

The Tihama pottery was related to the C-Group and Kerma people. This supports the movement of some of these groups into the Horn from this region and explains why the Akkadian and Ethiopic are closely related.

The evidence discussed above makes
it clear that Arabia, was probably not the original
homeland of the Semitic speakers. Modern Ethiopians and the Akkadians
originated in Africa, not Arabia.

Find out more about the Tihama culture here

Fattowich web page
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rasol
Member
Member # 4592

posted 28 November, 2007 10:52 PM
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^ Very interesting. Good post.
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Mystery Solver
Member
Member # 9033

posted 28 November, 2007 11:04 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

The first people to dominate the area were the Sumerians.
——————————————————————————–

Would depend on time frame. For instance, who was dominant in the area during the “Natufian” inhabitation there?
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 28 November, 2007 11:12 PM
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Rasol

I wish we could separate the history of the Middle East from race, but it is impossible to do so because of the desire of Eurocentrists to make Semitic speakers members of the “white” race.

The controversy surrounding the Kushite/African/Black origins of the Elamites, Sumerians, Akkadians and “Assyrians” is simple and yet complicated. It involves both the racism exhibited toward the African slaves in the Western Hemisphere and Africans generally which led to the idea that Africans had no history ; and the need of Julius Oppert to make Semites white, to accommodate the “white” ancestry of European Jews.

To understand this dichotomy we have to look at the history of scholarship surrounding the rise of Sumero-Akkadian studies. The study of the Sumerians, Akkadians. Assyrians and Elamites began with the decipherment of the cuneiform script by Henry Rawlinson. Henry Rawlinson had spent most of his career in the Orient. This appears to have gave him an open mind in regards to history. He recognized the Ancient Model of History, the idea that civilization was founded by the Kushite or Hamitic people of the Bible.

As result, Rawlinson was surprised during his research to discover that the founders of the Mesopotamian civilization were of Kushite origin. He made it clear that the Semitic speakers of Akkad and the non-Semitic speakers of Sumer were both Black or Negro people who called themselves sag-gig-ga “Black Heads”. In Rawlinson’s day the Sumerian people were recognized as Akkadian or Chaldean, while the Semitic speaking blacks were called Assyrians.

Rawlinson identified these Akkadians as Turanian or Scythic people. But he made it clear that these ancient Scythic or Turanian speaking people were Kushites or Blacks.

A major supporter of Rawlinson was Edward Hincks. Hincks continued Rawlinson’s work and identified the ancient group as Chaldeans, and also called them Turanian speakers. Hincks, though, never dicussed their ethnic origin.

A late comer to the study of the Sumerians and the Akkadians was Julius Oppert. Oppert was a German born of Jewish parents. He made it clear that the Chaldean and Akkadian people spoke different languages. He noted that the original founders of Mesopotamia civilization called themselves Ki-en-gi “land of the true lords”. It was the Semitic speakers who called themselves Akkadians.

Assyrians called the Ki-en-gi people Sumiritu “the sacred language”. Oppert popularized the Assyrian name Sumer, for the original founders of the civilization. Thus we have today the Akkadians and Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia.

Oppert began to popularize the idea that the Sumerians were related to the contemporary Altaic and Turanian speaking people, e.g., Turks and Magyar (Hungarian) speaking people. He made it clear that the Akkadians were Semites like himself . To support this idea Oppert pointed out that typological features between Sumerian and Altaic languages existed. This feature was agglutination.

The problem with identifying the Sumerians as descendants from contemporary Turanian speakers resulted from the fact that Sumerian and the Turkish languages are not genetically related. As a result Oppert began to criticize the work of Hincks (who was dead at the time) in relation to the identification of the Sumerian people as Turanian following the research of Rawlinson.

It is strange to some observers that Oppert,never criticized Rawlinson who had proposed the Turanian origin of the Ki-en-gi (Sumerians). But this was not strange at all. Oppert did not attack Rawlinson who was still alive at the time because he knew that Rawlinson said the Sumerians were the original Scythic and Turanian people he called Kushites. Moreover, Rawlinson made it clear that both the Akkadians and Sumerians were Blacks. For Oppert to have debated this issue with Rawlinson, who deciphered the cuneiform script, would have meant that he would have had to accept the fact that Semites were Black. There was no way Oppert would have wanted to acknowledge his African heritage, given the Anti-Semitism experienced by Jews living in Europe.

Although Oppert successfully hid the recognition that the Akkadians and the Sumerians both refered to themselves as sag-gig-ga “black heads”, some researchers were unable to follow the status quo and ignore this reality. For example, Francois Lenormant, made it clear, following the research of Rawlinson, that the Elamite and Sumerians spoke genetically related languages. This idea was hard to reconcile with the depiction of people on the monuments of Iran, especially the Behistun monument, which depicted Negroes (with curly hair and beards) representing the Assyrians, Jews and Elamites who ruled the area. As a result, Oppert began the myth that the Sumerian languages was isolated from other languages spoken in the world evethough it shared typological features with the Altaic languages. Oppert taught Akkadian-Sumerian in many of the leading Universities in France and Germany. Many of his students soon began to dominate the Academe, or held chairs in Sumerian and Akkadian studies these researchers continued to perpetuate the myth that the Elamite and Sumerian languages were not related.

There was no way to keep from researchers who read the original Sumerian, Akkadian and Assyrian text that these people recognized that they were ethnically Blacks. This fact was made clear by Albert Terrien de LaCouperie. Born in France, de LaCouperie was a well known linguist and China expert. Although native of France most of his writings are in English. In the journal he published called the Babylonian and Oriental Record, he outlined many aspects of ancient history. In these pages he made it clear that the Sumerians, Akkadians and even the Assyrians who called themselves şalmat kakkadi ‘black headed people”, were all Blacks of Kushite origin. Eventhough de LaCouperie taught at the University of London, the prestige of Oppert, and the fact that the main centers for Sumero-Akkadian studies in France and Germany were founded by Oppert and or his students led to researchers ignoring the evidence that the Sumerians , Akkadians and Assyrians were Black.

In summary, the cuneiform evidence makes it clear that the Sumerians, Akkadians and Assyrians recognized themselves as Negroes: “black heads”. This fact was supported by the statues of Gudea, the Akkadians and Assyrians. Plus the Behistun monument made it clear that the Elamites were also Blacks.

The textual evidence also makes it clear that Oppert began the discussion of a typological relationship between Sumerian and Turkic languages. He also manufactured the idea that the Semites of Mesopotamia and Iran, the Assyrians and Akkadians were “whites”, like himself. Due to this brain washing, and whitening out of Blacks in history, many people today can look at depictions of Assyrians, Achamenians, and Akkadians and fail to see the Negro origin of these people.

To make the Sumerians “white” textbooks print pictures of artifacts dating to the Gutian rule of Lagash, to pass them off as the true originators of Sumerian civilization. No Gutian rulers of Lagash are recognized in the Sumerian King List.

.
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 28 November, 2007 11:26 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Mystery Solver:

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

The first people to dominate the area were the Sumerians.
——————————————————————————–

Would depend on time frame. For instance, who was dominant in the area during the “Natufian” inhabitation there?
——————————————————————————–

The founders of civilization in South West Asia were the Anu people, archaeologists call Natufians. By 13,000 BC, according to J.D. Clark (“The origins of domestication in Ethiopia”, Fifth Panafrican Congress of prehistory and quaternary Studies, Nairobi,1977) the Natufians were collecting grasses which later became domesticated crops in Southwest Asia.

In Palestine the Natufians established intensive grass collection. The Natufians used the Ibero-Maurusian tool industry (see F. Wendorf, The
History of Nubia, Dallas,1968, pp.941-46). These
Natufians , according to Christopher Ehret ( “On the antiquity of agriculture in Ethiopia”, Jour. of African History 20, [1979], p.161) were small stature folk who spread agriculture throughout Nubia into the Red Sea. The Natufians took the Ibero-Maurusian tools into Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.

The Natufians practiced evulsion of the incisors the same as Bantu people and inhabitants of the Saharan fringes. At this early date the Bantu were probably still in the Saharan highlands along with other Niger-Congo, Cushitic and etc., contemporary African groups. There are traditions among these people that when they settled much Africa, most regions were already occupied by small blacks probably San and/or Khoisan.

I believe that the Natufians given the craniometric evidence for this group probably were San and/or Khoisan . Up to today many Khoisan people live in East Africa, the origination point for the Natufian people. I would guess that the Natufians spoke a Khoisan language.

.
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Posts: 2509 | From: Chicago | Registered: Jan 2006 | IP: Logged |

Mystery Solver
Member
Member # 9033

posted 29 November, 2007 12:02 AM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Mystery Solver:

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

The first people to dominate the area were the Sumerians.
——————————————————————————–

Would depend on time frame. For instance, who was dominant in the area during the “Natufian” inhabitation there?
——————————————————————————–

The founders of civilization in South West Asia were the Anu people, archaeologists call Natufians.
——————————————————————————–

You know this because…?

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

In Palestine the Natufians established intensive grass collection. The Natufians used the Ibero-Maurusian tool industry (see F. Wendorf, The
History of Nubia, Dallas,1968, pp.941-46).
——————————————————————————–

What do you think of as “Ibero-Maurusian”? Why that designation, when we are dealing with new microlithic tools originating in mainland Africa and transferred into the Levant via the Nile Valley?

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

I believe that the Natufians given the craniometric evidence for this group probably were San and/or Khoisan .
——————————————————————————–

What cranio-metric evidence has led you to that conclusion?

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

Up to today many Khoisan people live in East Africa, the origination point for the Natufian people. I would guess that the Natufians spoke a Khoisan language.
——————————————————————————–

No Khoisan language is known to occur in the “Near East”, but Afrasan languages do predominate in that region from the Levant downwards. What markers linguitics-wise and genetics-wise, would help us learn about this close Natufian-Khoisan linkage you speak of?
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Doug M
Member
Member # 7650

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 04:43 AM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:
Rasol

I wish we could separate the history of the Middle East from race, but it is impossible to do so because of the desire of Eurocentrists to make Semitic speakers members of the “white” race.

The controversy surrounding the Kushite/African/Black origins of the Elamites, Sumerians, Akkadians and “Assyrians” is simple and yet complicated. It involves both the racism exhibited toward the African slaves in the Western Hemisphere and Africans generally which led to the idea that Africans had no history ; and the need of Julius Oppert to make Semites white, to accommodate the “white” ancestry of European Jews.

To understand this dichotomy we have to look at the history of scholarship surrounding the rise of Sumero-Akkadian studies. The study of the Sumerians, Akkadians. Assyrians and Elamites began with the decipherment of the cuneiform script by Henry Rawlinson. Henry Rawlinson had spent most of his career in the Orient. This appears to have gave him an open mind in regards to history. He recognized the Ancient Model of History, the idea that civilization was founded by the Kushite or Hamitic people of the Bible.

As result, Rawlinson was surprised during his research to discover that the founders of the Mesopotamian civilization were of Kushite origin. He made it clear that the Semitic speakers of Akkad and the non-Semitic speakers of Sumer were both Black or Negro people who called themselves sag-gig-ga “Black Heads”. In Rawlinson’s day the Sumerian people were recognized as Akkadian or Chaldean, while the Semitic speaking blacks were called Assyrians.

Rawlinson identified these Akkadians as Turanian or Scythic people. But he made it clear that these ancient Scythic or Turanian speaking people were Kushites or Blacks.

A major supporter of Rawlinson was Edward Hincks. Hincks continued Rawlinson’s work and identified the ancient group as Chaldeans, and also called them Turanian speakers. Hincks, though, never dicussed their ethnic origin.

A late comer to the study of the Sumerians and the Akkadians was Julius Oppert. Oppert was a German born of Jewish parents. He made it clear that the Chaldean and Akkadian people spoke different languages. He noted that the original founders of Mesopotamia civilization called themselves Ki-en-gi “land of the true lords”. It was the Semitic speakers who called themselves Akkadians.

Assyrians called the Ki-en-gi people Sumiritu “the sacred language”. Oppert popularized the Assyrian name Sumer, for the original founders of the civilization. Thus we have today the Akkadians and Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia.

Oppert began to popularize the idea that the Sumerians were related to the contemporary Altaic and Turanian speaking people, e.g., Turks and Magyar (Hungarian) speaking people. He made it clear that the Akkadians were Semites like himself . To support this idea Oppert pointed out that typological features between Sumerian and Altaic languages existed. This feature was agglutination.

The problem with identifying the Sumerians as descendants from contemporary Turanian speakers resulted from the fact that Sumerian and the Turkish languages are not genetically related. As a result Oppert began to criticize the work of Hincks (who was dead at the time) in relation to the identification of the Sumerian people as Turanian following the research of Rawlinson.

It is strange to some observers that Oppert,never criticized Rawlinson who had proposed the Turanian origin of the Ki-en-gi (Sumerians). But this was not strange at all. Oppert did not attack Rawlinson who was still alive at the time because he knew that Rawlinson said the Sumerians were the original Scythic and Turanian people he called Kushites. Moreover, Rawlinson made it clear that both the Akkadians and Sumerians were Blacks. For Oppert to have debated this issue with Rawlinson, who deciphered the cuneiform script, would have meant that he would have had to accept the fact that Semites were Black. There was no way Oppert would have wanted to acknowledge his African heritage, given the Anti-Semitism experienced by Jews living in Europe.

Although Oppert successfully hid the recognition that the Akkadians and the Sumerians both refered to themselves as sag-gig-ga “black heads”, some researchers were unable to follow the status quo and ignore this reality. For example, Francois Lenormant, made it clear, following the research of Rawlinson, that the Elamite and Sumerians spoke genetically related languages. This idea was hard to reconcile with the depiction of people on the monuments of Iran, especially the Behistun monument, which depicted Negroes (with curly hair and beards) representing the Assyrians, Jews and Elamites who ruled the area. As a result, Oppert began the myth that the Sumerian languages was isolated from other languages spoken in the world evethough it shared typological features with the Altaic languages. Oppert taught Akkadian-Sumerian in many of the leading Universities in France and Germany. Many of his students soon began to dominate the Academe, or held chairs in Sumerian and Akkadian studies these researchers continued to perpetuate the myth that the Elamite and Sumerian languages were not related.

There was no way to keep from researchers who read the original Sumerian, Akkadian and Assyrian text that these people recognized that they were ethnically Blacks. This fact was made clear by Albert Terrien de LaCouperie. Born in France, de LaCouperie was a well known linguist and China expert. Although native of France most of his writings are in English. In the journal he published called the Babylonian and Oriental Record, he outlined many aspects of ancient history. In these pages he made it clear that the Sumerians, Akkadians and even the Assyrians who called themselves şalmat kakkadi ‘black headed people”, were all Blacks of Kushite origin. Eventhough de LaCouperie taught at the University of London, the prestige of Oppert, and the fact that the main centers for Sumero-Akkadian studies in France and Germany were founded by Oppert and or his students led to researchers ignoring the evidence that the Sumerians , Akkadians and Assyrians were Black.

In summary, the cuneiform evidence makes it clear that the Sumerians, Akkadians and Assyrians recognized themselves as Negroes: “black heads”. This fact was supported by the statues of Gudea, the Akkadians and Assyrians. Plus the Behistun monument made it clear that the Elamites were also Blacks.

The textual evidence also makes it clear that Oppert began the discussion of a typological relationship between Sumerian and Turkic languages. He also manufactured the idea that the Semites of Mesopotamia and Iran, the Assyrians and Akkadians were “whites”, like himself. Due to this brain washing, and whitening out of Blacks in history, many people today can look at depictions of Assyrians, Achamenians, and Akkadians and fail to see the Negro origin of these people.

To make the Sumerians “white” textbooks print pictures of artifacts dating to the Gutian rule of Lagash, to pass them off as the true originators of Sumerian civilization. No Gutian rulers of Lagash are recognized in the Sumerian King List.

.
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Please provide citations from Rawlins, et al that says these people were “blacks”. Please provide citations from the Behistun monument that “clearly” shows that these people identified themselves as blacks or from Africa. I don’t see anything that supports what you are saying.
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 09:12 AM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Doug M:

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:
Rasol

I wish we could separate the history of the Middle East from race, but it is impossible to do so because of the desire of Eurocentrists to make Semitic speakers members of the “white” race.

The controversy surrounding the Kushite/African/Black origins of the Elamites, Sumerians, Akkadians and “Assyrians” is simple and yet complicated. It involves both the racism exhibited toward the African slaves in the Western Hemisphere and Africans generally which led to the idea that Africans had no history ; and the need of Julius Oppert to make Semites white, to accommodate the “white” ancestry of European Jews.

To understand this dichotomy we have to look at the history of scholarship surrounding the rise of Sumero-Akkadian studies. The study of the Sumerians, Akkadians. Assyrians and Elamites began with the decipherment of the cuneiform script by Henry Rawlinson. Henry Rawlinson had spent most of his career in the Orient. This appears to have gave him an open mind in regards to history. He recognized the Ancient Model of History, the idea that civilization was founded by the Kushite or Hamitic people of the Bible.

As result, Rawlinson was surprised during his research to discover that the founders of the Mesopotamian civilization were of Kushite origin. He made it clear that the Semitic speakers of Akkad and the non-Semitic speakers of Sumer were both Black or Negro people who called themselves sag-gig-ga “Black Heads”. In Rawlinson’s day the Sumerian people were recognized as Akkadian or Chaldean, while the Semitic speaking blacks were called Assyrians.

Rawlinson identified these Akkadians as Turanian or Scythic people. But he made it clear that these ancient Scythic or Turanian speaking people were Kushites or Blacks.

A major supporter of Rawlinson was Edward Hincks. Hincks continued Rawlinson’s work and identified the ancient group as Chaldeans, and also called them Turanian speakers. Hincks, though, never dicussed their ethnic origin.

A late comer to the study of the Sumerians and the Akkadians was Julius Oppert. Oppert was a German born of Jewish parents. He made it clear that the Chaldean and Akkadian people spoke different languages. He noted that the original founders of Mesopotamia civilization called themselves Ki-en-gi “land of the true lords”. It was the Semitic speakers who called themselves Akkadians.

Assyrians called the Ki-en-gi people Sumiritu “the sacred language”. Oppert popularized the Assyrian name Sumer, for the original founders of the civilization. Thus we have today the Akkadians and Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia.

Oppert began to popularize the idea that the Sumerians were related to the contemporary Altaic and Turanian speaking people, e.g., Turks and Magyar (Hungarian) speaking people. He made it clear that the Akkadians were Semites like himself . To support this idea Oppert pointed out that typological features between Sumerian and Altaic languages existed. This feature was agglutination.

The problem with identifying the Sumerians as descendants from contemporary Turanian speakers resulted from the fact that Sumerian and the Turkish languages are not genetically related. As a result Oppert began to criticize the work of Hincks (who was dead at the time) in relation to the identification of the Sumerian people as Turanian following the research of Rawlinson.

It is strange to some observers that Oppert,never criticized Rawlinson who had proposed the Turanian origin of the Ki-en-gi (Sumerians). But this was not strange at all. Oppert did not attack Rawlinson who was still alive at the time because he knew that Rawlinson said the Sumerians were the original Scythic and Turanian people he called Kushites. Moreover, Rawlinson made it clear that both the Akkadians and Sumerians were Blacks. For Oppert to have debated this issue with Rawlinson, who deciphered the cuneiform script, would have meant that he would have had to accept the fact that Semites were Black. There was no way Oppert would have wanted to acknowledge his African heritage, given the Anti-Semitism experienced by Jews living in Europe.

Although Oppert successfully hid the recognition that the Akkadians and the Sumerians both refered to themselves as sag-gig-ga “black heads”, some researchers were unable to follow the status quo and ignore this reality. For example, Francois Lenormant, made it clear, following the research of Rawlinson, that the Elamite and Sumerians spoke genetically related languages. This idea was hard to reconcile with the depiction of people on the monuments of Iran, especially the Behistun monument, which depicted Negroes (with curly hair and beards) representing the Assyrians, Jews and Elamites who ruled the area. As a result, Oppert began the myth that the Sumerian languages was isolated from other languages spoken in the world evethough it shared typological features with the Altaic languages. Oppert taught Akkadian-Sumerian in many of the leading Universities in France and Germany. Many of his students soon began to dominate the Academe, or held chairs in Sumerian and Akkadian studies these researchers continued to perpetuate the myth that the Elamite and Sumerian languages were not related.

There was no way to keep from researchers who read the original Sumerian, Akkadian and Assyrian text that these people recognized that they were ethnically Blacks. This fact was made clear by Albert Terrien de LaCouperie. Born in France, de LaCouperie was a well known linguist and China expert. Although native of France most of his writings are in English. In the journal he published called the Babylonian and Oriental Record, he outlined many aspects of ancient history. In these pages he made it clear that the Sumerians, Akkadians and even the Assyrians who called themselves şalmat kakkadi ‘black headed people”, were all Blacks of Kushite origin. Eventhough de LaCouperie taught at the University of London, the prestige of Oppert, and the fact that the main centers for Sumero-Akkadian studies in France and Germany were founded by Oppert and or his students led to researchers ignoring the evidence that the Sumerians , Akkadians and Assyrians were Black.

In summary, the cuneiform evidence makes it clear that the Sumerians, Akkadians and Assyrians recognized themselves as Negroes: “black heads”. This fact was supported by the statues of Gudea, the Akkadians and Assyrians. Plus the Behistun monument made it clear that the Elamites were also Blacks.

The textual evidence also makes it clear that Oppert began the discussion of a typological relationship between Sumerian and Turkic languages. He also manufactured the idea that the Semites of Mesopotamia and Iran, the Assyrians and Akkadians were “whites”, like himself. Due to this brain washing, and whitening out of Blacks in history, many people today can look at depictions of Assyrians, Achamenians, and Akkadians and fail to see the Negro origin of these people.

To make the Sumerians “white” textbooks print pictures of artifacts dating to the Gutian rule of Lagash, to pass them off as the true originators of Sumerian civilization. No Gutian rulers of Lagash are recognized in the Sumerian King List.

.
——————————————————————————–

Please provide citations from Rawlins, et al that says these people were “blacks”. Please provide citations from the Behistun monument that “clearly” shows that these people identified themselves as blacks or from Africa. I don’t see anything that supports what you are saying.
——————————————————————————–

Of course you wouldn’t understand anything I am saying you believe that the only Africans to influence history lived in Egypt. But other scholars know the truth.

Col. Rawlinson the decipherer of the cuneiform writing makes it clear that the ancient Turanians were the“Hamitic Nations” mentioned in the Bible: Kush (Cush), Misraim (Egypt), Nimrud ( Sumerians and Elamites) and Canaan (Phonesians) (see: C.B. Rawlinson, “Notes on
the early history of Babylon”, Jour. Royal Asiatic Society (First Series) 15, p.230. ).

.
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Posts: 2509 | From: Chicago | Registered: Jan 2006 | IP: Logged |

Djehuti
Member
Member # 6698

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 12:29 PM
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^ Why is this thread being overrun with Winters fantasies?
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Posts: 10492 | From: Atlanta, Georgia, USA | Registered: Feb 2005 | IP: Logged |

rasol
Member
Member # 4592

posted 29 November, 2007 12:45 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:
Rasol

I wish we could separate the history of the Middle East from race,
——————————————————————————–

We don’t need to separate

-history- of

-middle east- from

-race-

We need to separate

-fact-

from

-fiction-.

For example -> the *middle east* is a fictious historical entity.

It is invented by the British, with the esoteric geopolitical purpose of preventing Iran from claiming the rights to it’s own oil.

It is meant to describe and legitimize a zone of European political influence.

Before the British invented this term in the early 20th century – there is no reference to the *middle east* anywhere in the world.

Nor is there and equivalent term, or conception.

The term is completely non-native, unnatural, and superimosed upon non European people for the primary purposes of sublimating there native identities and interest.

Like the middle east – *race* is also false, and pseudo-scientific construct of Eurocentrists.

Therefore, to speak of the ‘racial history of the middle east’ is to surrender to Eurocentric brainwashing.

It is a discourse rooted in nonsense, and bounded by the constructs of Eurocentric racists.

The consequence of Africanists scholars who repeat this conception is to serve the interest of Eurocentrist.

As long as we remained ‘pinned down’ discussing the world in terms of a Eurocentric ideology of ‘race’ and ‘middle east’, then Eurocentrist prevail because they keep the conversation stalemated.

A stalemate always serves the interest of protectors of the status quo.

Remember this, the next time you claim King Tut is a Negro because he has prognathism, and Eurocentrist laugh and counter that he is a Caucasian because he has a high nasal bridge.

[both features are also found in the statues you posted]

You can’t win and argument in the context of a nonsensical dialectic that was designed -by your opponent- to begin with.

The very act of repeating after their racial dialectic, which is based on their root assumptions, is to be defeated by it.

I actually suspect that you are beginning to see this, Dr. Winters.
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Posts: 11664 | Registered: Jun 2004 | IP: Logged |

rasol
Member
Member # 4592

posted 29 November, 2007 01:26 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
The controversy surrounding the Kushite/African/Black origins of the Elamites, Sumerians, Akkadians and “Assyrians” is simple and yet complicated. It involves both the racism exhibited toward the African slaves in the Western Hemisphere and Africans generally which led to the idea that Africans had no history ; and the need of Julius Oppert to make Semites white, to accommodate the “white” ancestry of European Jews.
——————————————————————————–

You can shorten this paragraph by saying that the controversy over the identiy of Kemetian, Kushites and Elamites rooted in racism….yes.

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Rawlinson was surprised during his research to discover that the founders of the Mesopotamian civilization were of Kushite origin. He made it clear that the Semitic speakers of Akkad and the non-Semitic speakers of Sumer were both Black or Negro people who called themselves sag-gig-ga “Black Heads”.
——————————————————————————–

I agree that Sumerians, like the Kemetians, referred to themselves as Blacks, that this reference is and always has been *ethnic* in character, and that this fact is so disturbing to Eurocentric racists, that they have gone to laughable lengths to invent alternate *explanations*, which for the most part, they don’t actually believe in, but assert effectively as pro-forma propaganda.

British scholar George Rawlinson is one of the 1st to translation Herodotus Histories correctly, in which Herodotus repeatedly refers to Egyptians, Ethiopians and others as Blacks.

EX:

- Still the Egyptians said that they believed the Colchians to be descended from the army of Sesostris. My own conjectures were founded, first, on the fact that they are black-skinned and have woolly hair

– Two black doves flew away from Egyptian Thebes, and while one directed its flight to Libya, the other came to them.

By calling the dove black the Dodonaeans indicated that the woman was an Egyptian.

http://www.piney.com/Heredotus2.html

It is interesting to observe in action – Eurocentrism at it’s most desparate and dissembling, tactics have included

- Deny use of the term ‘black’ to describe the Egyptians, and -blame- ‘afrocentric’ misreading – when in fact the early English language translations of Herodotus by Rawlinson and others *all* correctly translated Herodotus as saying such.

– Admit the use of the term black [thus contradicting the former denial], but claim that it doesn’t actually reference Egyptians, but rather Nubians.

Ex:
Herodotus believed this because the *Colchians were black skinned and woolly haired.*

For starters,Herodotus makes no claim that all of the Egyptians had these features and secondly black Nubian mercenaries served in the Egyptian army which would include Pharaoh Sesostris’s army.

http://yeyeolade.wordpress.com/category/black-is-beautiful/

^ This is a beautiful bit of dissembing.

It accuses others of misreading Herodotus, then puts words in Herodotus mouth [Nubians?] he never spoke, in order to evade what he actually said.

It ignores the fact that Herodotus is citing Black skin and Woolly hair as a *common feature* of Ethiopians, Egyptians and Colchians.

After all – he acribes Colchian and -Egyptian- origin, due to black skin and woolly hair -> not and Ethiopian origin due to *nubians* in Egyptian army.

It engages in the straw man argument that Herodotus did not state that *all* Egyptians or *all* Colchoi had these features. [he doesn’t say *all* Ethiopians had them, for that matter].

Of course what is relevant is that Blackness is cited by Herodotus as a common denominator and defining characteristic of all 3 groups, which is of course, exactly what is at issue!

So yes, Eurocentrists are desparate liars, and….they know this.
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Posts: 11664 | Registered: Jun 2004 | IP: Logged |

rasol
Member
Member # 4592

posted 29 November, 2007 01:34 PM
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quote:
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What do you think of as “Ibero-Maurusian”? Why that designation, when we are dealing with new microlithic tools originating in mainland Africa and transferred into the Levant via the Nile Valley?
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^ As with Dr. Winters use of Cro-Magnon, it shows residual reliance on musty Eurocentric bogusness.
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Posts: 11664 | Registered: Jun 2004 | IP: Logged |

Yonis2
Member
Member # 11348

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 02:17 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
rasol wrote:
For example -> the *middle east* is a fictious historical entity
——————————————————————————–

Couldn’t the same be said about Europe? I never see you say “Europe” is a fictious historical entity, why is that since you even acknowledge “European people” in the above post?
At the end of the day all these terms, middle east, europe, southeast asia etc are just political. Everyone knows that regardless if they were created 10, 100, 1000 or 10 000 years ago. Same with all nation states.
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Posts: 136 | Registered: Jul 2006 | IP: Logged |

Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 02:43 PM
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The Semitic speakers were not the first people to live in the Area. Eventhough Sumerian is no longer spoken in the Middle east we know that the Sumerians lived in the region. Many Amerindian groups live in and near Chicago,Amerindian languages are no longer spoken in the Chicago region, and the average Chicagoan does not carry Amerindian genes. As a result, just because many people in the area today speak Semitic languages and carry “Semitic genes” does not mean that the Natufians, who belonged to a different culture and ethnic group (i.e., negroes) than any Semitic group living in the Levant today, is not proof that the Natufians were Semitic speakers.

We know the people were called Anu, because the Sumerian texts claim that the original people in the area were Anu or Anunaki. Egyptians claimed the first rulers of Egypt were also called Anu.

The archaeologist referred to these Khoisan speakers as Bushman Hottentots. W.E. B. DuBois, discussed these Negroes in the The World and Africa, pp.86-89. DuBois noted that “There was once a an “uninterrupted belt’ of Negro culture from Central Europe to South Africa” (p.88).These people were smaller than Semitic speakers. Below is one of the early articles on the Natufians

quote:
——————————————————————————–

BONES OF CANNIBALS A PALESTINE RIDDLE
Wireless to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
New York Times 1857; Aug 4, 1932; ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851 – 2003)
pg. 21

Negroid people of 5000 B. C.Unlike Any Modern Race Described by Keith.

ATE BODIES OF ENEMIES
Men, Short of Stature, Burned Bones of Dead After Burial, London Session Hears.
TEETH OF WOMEN DRAWN
Linking relics to Burnt Skeletons from Ur scientist speculate an old cremation custom.

Wireless to NEW YORK TIMES London Aug. 3

Seven or eight thousand years ago in what geologist call modern times a race of negroid cannibals lived In Palestine, burned the bones of their dead after burial, and devoured the bodies of their enemies.
Skulls and thighbones of this race were unearthed within the last four years, first at Shukbah near Jerusalem and later in caves at Mount Carmel, and because they puzzled the excavators who found them they received the new name “Natufians.”
Today the first authoritative account of them was given by Sir Arthur Keith to the congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences and showed them to be one of the greatest riddles of archaeology.
They were clearly a Negroid people, said Sir Arthur, with wide faces flat- noses and long large heads.
They were short of stature 5 feet 3 or 4 inches tall-and their thighs and legs were remarkably strong.
——————————————————————————–

.
quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Mystery Solver:

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Mystery Solver:

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

The first people to dominate the area were the Sumerians.
——————————————————————————–

Would depend on time frame. For instance, who was dominant in the area during the “Natufian” inhabitation there?
——————————————————————————–

The founders of civilization in South West Asia were the Anu people, archaeologists call Natufians.
——————————————————————————–

You know this because…?

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

In Palestine the Natufians established intensive grass collection. The Natufians used the Ibero-Maurusian tool industry (see F. Wendorf, The
History of Nubia, Dallas,1968, pp.941-46).
——————————————————————————–

What do you think of as “Ibero-Maurusian”? Why that designation, when we are dealing with new microlithic tools originating in mainland Africa and transferred into the Levant via the Nile Valley?

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

I believe that the Natufians given the craniometric evidence for this group probably were San and/or Khoisan .
——————————————————————————–

What cranio-metric evidence has led you to that conclusion?

quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

Up to today many Khoisan people live in East Africa, the origination point for the Natufian people. I would guess that the Natufians spoke a Khoisan language.
——————————————————————————–

No Khoisan language is known to occur in the “Near East”, but Afrasan languages do predominate in that region from the Levant downwards. What markers linguitics-wise and genetics-wise, would help us learn about this close Natufian-Khoisan linkage you speak of?
——————————————————————————–

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Posts: 2509 | From: Chicago | Registered: Jan 2006 | IP: Logged |

Doug M
Member
Member # 7650

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 02:52 PM
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The point that you are missing Mr. Winters is that the Anu were not the same as the San people. They may have been small statured, but that does not make them San. Just like Pygmies are not san people either, even though they are both indigenous African groups. The Anu were quite possibly closer to the Anu than the San, but seeing as no skeletal remains of these “anu” has been provided, how do we determine the relationship? Those skeletons referenced in the 1930s must still be around somewhere.
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Posts: 2434 | Registered: May 2005 | IP: Logged |

Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 03:00 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Doug M:
The point that you are missing Mr. Winters is that the Anu were not the same as the San people. They may have been small statured, but that does not make them San. Just like Pygmies are not san people either, even though they are both indigenous African groups. The Anu were quite possibly closer to the Anu than the San, but seeing as no skeletal remains of these “anu” has been provided, how do we determine the relationship? Those skeletons referenced in the 1930s must still be around somewhere.
——————————————————————————–

What makes you so sure they are not the Anu? Please cite the craniometric differences between the Natufians and the San and Khoisan people that lead you to this conclusion.

.
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Posts: 2509 | From: Chicago | Registered: Jan 2006 | IP: Logged |

Keins

Member
Member # 6476

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 03:32 PM
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This is a great topic guys. And I must commend on the civility of the discussion and exchange of ideas, information and respectable disagreement!

Kodos!
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Posts: 297 | From: PA. USA | Registered: Jan 2005 | IP: Logged |

Yonis2
Member
Member # 11348

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 03:54 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Clyde Winters wrote:
just because many people in the area today speak Semitic languages and carry “Semitic genes” does not mean that the Natufians, who belonged to a different culture and ethnic group (i.e., negroes) than any Semitic group living in the Levant today, is not proof that the Natufians were Semitic speakers.
——————————————————————————–

What is “negroid” according to you Clyde Winters?
Are all people (according to your citation above)of “wide faces flat- noses and long large heads” ” constitute of negroid people to you? And if thats so, what exactly do connect all these people other than these features? What gives you the energy to fight for these “wide faces flat- noses and long large heads” people throughout your career, you consider them all being of common proto-“negroid” origin? What exactly is your point?
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Djehuti
Member
Member # 6698

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 04:11 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by Yonis2:

Couldn’t the same be said about Europe? I never see you say “Europe” is a fictious historical entity, why is that since you even acknowledge “European people” in the above post?
At the end of the day all these terms, middle east, europe, southeast asia etc are just political. Everyone knows that regardless if they were created 10, 100, 1000 or 10 000 years ago. Same with all nation states.
——————————————————————————–

The only difference is that ‘Europe’ was created by Europeans to describe themselves and which they accepted.

Also, the term is based on a definite region based on actual geography/geology, with Europe being an actual subcontinent.

Neither of these things above can be said about “Middle East”.
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Posts: 10492 | From: Atlanta, Georgia, USA | Registered: Feb 2005 | IP: Logged |

Djehuti
Member
Member # 6698

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 04:14 PM
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quote:
——————————————————————————–
Originally posted by rasol:

quote:
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The controversy surrounding the Kushite/African/Black origins of the Elamites, Sumerians, Akkadians and “Assyrians” is simple and yet complicated. It involves both the racism exhibited toward the African slaves in the Western Hemisphere and Africans generally which led to the idea that Africans had no history ; and the need of Julius Oppert to make Semites white, to accommodate the “white” ancestry of European Jews.
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You can shorten this paragraph by saying that the controversy over the identiy of Kemetian, Kushites and Elamites rooted in racism….yes.

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Rawlinson was surprised during his research to discover that the founders of the Mesopotamian civilization were of Kushite origin. He made it clear that the Semitic speakers of Akkad and the non-Semitic speakers of Sumer were both Black or Negro people who called themselves sag-gig-ga “Black Heads”.
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I agree that Sumerians, like the Kemetians, referred to themselves as Blacks, that this reference is and always has been *ethnic* in character, and that this fact is so disturbing to Eurocentric racists, that they have gone to laughable lengths to invent alternate *explanations*, which for the most part, they don’t actually believe in, but assert effectively as pro-forma propaganda.

British scholar George Rawlinson is one of the 1st to translation Herodotus Histories correctly, in which Herodotus repeatedly refers to Egyptians, Ethiopians and others as Blacks.

EX:

- Still the Egyptians said that they believed the Colchians to be descended from the army of Sesostris. My own conjectures were founded, first, on the fact that they are black-skinned and have woolly hair

– Two black doves flew away from Egyptian Thebes, and while one directed its flight to Libya, the other came to them.

By calling the dove black the Dodonaeans indicated that the woman was an Egyptian.

http://www.piney.com/Heredotus2.html

It is interesting to observe in action – Eurocentrism at it’s most desparate and dissembling, tactics have included

- Deny use of the term ‘black’ to describe the Egyptians, and -blame- ‘afrocentric’ misreading – when in fact the early English language translations of Herodotus by Rawlinson and others *all* correctly translated Herodotus as saying such.

– Admit the use of the term black [thus contradicting the former denial], but claim that it doesn’t actually reference Egyptians, but rather Nubians.

Ex:
Herodotus believed this because the *Colchians were black skinned and woolly haired.*

For starters,Herodotus makes no claim that all of the Egyptians had these features and secondly black Nubian mercenaries served in the Egyptian army which would include Pharaoh Sesostris’s army.

http://yeyeolade.wordpress.com/category/black-is-beautiful/

^ This is a beautiful bit of dissembing.

It accuses others of misreading Herodotus, then puts words in Herodotus mouth [Nubians?] he never spoke, in order to evade what he actually said.

It ignores the fact that Herodotus is citing Black skin and Woolly hair as a *common feature* of Ethiopians, Egyptians and Colchians.

After all – he acribes Colchian and -Egyptian- origin, due to black skin and woolly hair -> not and Ethiopian origin due to *nubians* in Egyptian army.

It engages in the straw man argument that Herodotus did not state that *all* Egyptians or *all* Colchoi had these features. [he doesn’t say *all* Ethiopians had them, for that matter].

Of course what is relevant is that Blackness is cited by Herodotus as a common denominator and defining characteristic of all 3 groups, which is of course, exactly what is at issue!

So yes, Eurocentrists are desparate liars, and….they know this.
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I concur. The only fallacy now is Winters claiming that all these black peoples were Africans or “Kushites”. The Sumerians and Elamites were NOT African Kushites and neither were the Dravidians despite the fact that they are all black.

We have been through the reasons numerous times.
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Yonis2
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Member # 11348

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 04:15 PM
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Originally posted by Djehuti:

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Originally posted by Yonis2:

Couldn’t the same be said about Europe? I never see you say “Europe” is a fictious historical entity, why is that since you even acknowledge “European people” in the above post?
At the end of the day all these terms, middle east, europe, southeast asia etc are just political. Everyone knows that regardless if they were created 10, 100, 1000 or 10 000 years ago. Same with all nation states.
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The only difference is that ‘Europe’ was created by Europeans to describe themselves and which they accepted.

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Yes, but that still doesn’t make it less fictious than “middle east”.

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Also, the term is based on a definite region based on actual geography/geology, with Europe being an actual subcontinent.
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And how exactly does this differ from “middle east”? Neither Europe or Middle-East are continents of their own.
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alTakruri

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Member # 10195

Member Rated:
posted 29 November, 2007 07:22 PM
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No doubt about certain of them being Kushites.
Kushite was ancient vernacular for what we call
black when we speak of black people or blackfolks.
Major doubt about any of them being “colonies”
from the greater continental African landmass.
Of course Colchians are the exception being
that they were described in classical times
as an exode from Egyptian army (but what of
their womefolk? I mean Medea was ???).

quote:
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Originally posted by Djehuti:
The only fallacy now is Winters claiming that all these black peoples were Africans or “Kushites”. The Sumerians and Elamites were NOT African Kushites and neither were the Dravidians despite the fact that they are all black.

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Mystery Solver
Member
Member # 9033

posted 29 November, 2007 11:24 PM
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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

The Semitic speakers were not the first people to live in the Area.
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And you heard that they were, from where?

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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

Eventhough Sumerian is no longer spoken in the Middle east we know that the Sumerians lived in the region. Many Amerindian groups live in and near Chicago,Amerindian languages are no longer spoken in the Chicago region, and the average Chicagoan does not carry Amerindian genes.
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Non-issue.

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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

As a result, just because many people in the area today speak Semitic languages and carry “Semitic genes” does not mean that the Natufians, who belonged to a different culture and ethnic group (i.e., negroes) than any Semitic group living in the Levant today, is not proof that the Natufians were Semitic speakers.
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Another non-issue. You were asked for preponderance of evidence that shows strong links between Natufians and Khoisans.

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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

We know the people were called Anu, because the Sumerian texts claim that the original people in the area were Anu or Anunaki. Egyptians claimed the first rulers of Egypt were also called Anu.
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How does this prove any link with the Natufians, even if one were to go with your idea that Sumerian texts’ reference to “Anunaki” is referencing the same group designated as “Anu” in the Nile Valley? The Natufian complex precedes the arrival or “appearance” of Sumerians in the region by a significant time gap.

quote:
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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

The archaeologist referred to these Khoisan speakers as Bushman Hottentots. W.E. B. DuBois, discussed these Negroes in the The World and Africa, pp.86-89. DuBois noted that “There was once a an “uninterrupted belt’ of Negro culture from Central Europe to South Africa” (p.88).These people were smaller than Semitic speakers. Below is one of the early articles on the Natufians
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So stature is supposedly the determinant that you are going by, with this tenuous strong link between Natufians and Khoisans? How does this even address what was asked of you; i.e., the cranio-metric tendencies that suggest very strong link between Natufians and Khoisans, not to leave out genetic and linguistic evidence?
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Djehuti
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Member Rated:
posted 30 November, 2007 12:37 AM
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Originally posted by Yonis2:

Yes, but that still doesn’t make it less fictious than “middle east”.
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It does if you consider the very real geographical and geological basis! Europe borders the rest of Asia by the Ural mountains and straits seperating it from Asia Minor. Now what natural borders define the “Middle East”??

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And how exactly does this differ from “middle east”? Neither Europe or Middle-East are continents of their own.
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But geologically Europe is a subcontinent in that it essentially is a continent of its own that was once seperate eons ago but later fused to the rest of Asia, so too is the case with India. What about “Middle East”? You cannot say the same about this political region.
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Marc Washington
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Member # 10979

Member Rated:
posted 30 November, 2007 04:40 AM
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Here are other images of the population in Mesopotamia before the deluge from the Steppes swept them away:

http://www.beforebc.de/400_neareast/02-16-500-SM.akk-57-050-08.html

http://www.beforebc.de/400_neareast/02-16-500-SM.bab-01.html

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Marc Washington
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Member # 10979

Member Rated:
posted 30 November, 2007 05:59 AM
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The thread deals with Africa, Semites, and the Near East. There is the possibility, or rather, history supports the fact that these three (before whites at any given stage entered theses societies) are one; and were the founding peoples and civilization of Europe as well:

http://www.beforebc.de/all_europe/02-16-500-00-07.html

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Doug M
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Member # 7650

Member Rated:
posted 30 November, 2007 08:01 AM
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quote:
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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

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Originally posted by Doug M:
The point that you are missing Mr. Winters is that the Anu were not the same as the San people. They may have been small statured, but that does not make them San. Just like Pygmies are not san people either, even though they are both indigenous African groups. The Anu were quite possibly closer to the Anu than the San, but seeing as no skeletal remains of these “anu” has been provided, how do we determine the relationship? Those skeletons referenced in the 1930s must still be around somewhere.
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What makes you so sure they are not the Anu? Please cite the craniometric differences between the Natufians and the San and Khoisan people that lead you to this conclusion.

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Primarily because the ANU no longer EXIST, while the pygmies and San people DO EXIST and ARE NOT the same. That is why Pygmies are pygmies and San are San. Just because all three groups were short statured people DOES NOT MAKE THEM the same people, culturally, linguistically or ethnically.
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Clyde Winters

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Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 30 November, 2007 08:17 AM
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quote:
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Originally posted by Doug M:

quote:
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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:

quote:
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Originally posted by Doug M:
The point that you are missing Mr. Winters is that the Anu were not the same as the San people. They may have been small statured, but that does not make them San. Just like Pygmies are not san people either, even though they are both indigenous African groups. The Anu were quite possibly closer to the Anu than the San, but seeing as no skeletal remains of these “anu” has been provided, how do we determine the relationship? Those skeletons referenced in the 1930s must still be around somewhere.
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What makes you so sure they are not the Anu? Please cite the craniometric differences between the Natufians and the San and Khoisan people that lead you to this conclusion.

.
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Primarily because the ANU no longer EXIST, while the pygmies and San people DO EXIST and ARE NOT the same. That is why Pygmies are pygmies and San are San. Just because all three groups were short statured people DOES NOT MAKE THEM the same people, culturally, linguistically or ethnically.
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Archaeologist compared the skeletal remains of San and Khoisan people in South Africa and the ancient peoples of Europe and Asia, that is how it was determined that the same people who live in South Africa where spread throughout the world thousands of years ago.

You don’t know what you’re talking about. For example, Egyptians no longer exist as a monolithic group but linguuistics and anthropology have have shown us that they are related to Africans now living in other parts of Africa, in addition to the Coptic people who, in many cases fail to look phenotypically like the ancient Egyptians depicted in ancient Egyptian art.

Moreover, we may never really know the language spoken by the pygmies who have been found on every continent: the Americas, Africa and Asia. This is due to the fact that the languages they speak is usually the language spoken by majority population they live among.
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Neith-Athena
Member
Member # 10040

Rate Member posted 30 November, 2007 11:59 AM
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quote:
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Originally posted by alTakruri:
No doubt about certain of them being Kushites.
Kushite was ancient vernacular for what we call
black when we speak of black people or blackfolks.
Major doubt about any of them being “colonies”
from the greater continental African landmass.
Of course Colchians are the exception being
that they were described in classical times
as an exode from Egyptian army (but what of
their womefolk? I mean Medea was ???).

quote:
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Originally posted by Djehuti:
The only fallacy now is Winters claiming that all these black peoples were Africans or “Kushites”. The Sumerians and Elamites were NOT African Kushites and neither were the Dravidians despite the fact that they are all black.

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I was just about to write a post about that. We read Medea in one of my classes, and reading about her being from Colchis, then remembering what Herodotus said about them, I wondered whether she was Black or had Black ancestry. The English translation had no mention of ethnic reference. She kicks ass in the play, but I am not exactly sure I want a mother who kills her own children to be Black, as Black women already get enough bad press, with welfare mothers and all.
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Djehuti
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Member Rated:
posted 30 November, 2007 04:09 PM
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^ The story that she kills her own children is a later rendition of the legend no doubt made by Greeks to further deomonize her. In earlier accounts, her children were murdered by political enemies of her marriage to Jason. Notice that in the story she was not only a princess but a high-priestess with great mystical power. It was only in later times that Greek men made her into an “evil witch” capable of killing her own children out of spite.

You’re right that in all the accounts (at least those I’ve read) there were no ‘racial’ or physical descriptions of her other than that she was beautiful.

Getting somewhat back to the topic why is there such a comparison in stature between San and Pygmies?? Yes, San are generally short but NOT like Pygmies which are much shorter thus the description ‘Pgymy’!
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tooSleepy
Junior Member
Member # 14307

Rate Member posted 01 December, 2007 03:38 AM
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This Akkadian hooked nose mask gives me Saudi vibe.

Saudi Men

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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 01 December, 2007 08:57 AM
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The picture you published regarding the Akkadians is a fake. It looks more “Saudi” because the artist’s who made the mask was trying to make it fit the contemporary people who live in the area.
Below you can compare the original and fake mask. The nose of the original is not hooked.
.

.

Sargon
Original

Fakes

.

.

Naram-Sin Original
.

.
Fake

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Mike111
Member
Member # 9361

Rate Member posted 01 December, 2007 10:39 AM
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Sleepy; were you seriously trying to suggest that the current rulers of Arabia are the indigenous people? Maybe you also think that current Iraqis, Iranians, Egyptians, Libyans, and those in the place now called Turkey are also indigenous people. Try Turks, with a little Greek and Roman thrown in – and the resultant mixtures.
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Doug M
Member
Member # 7650

Member Rated:
posted 01 December, 2007 04:26 PM
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quote:
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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:
The picture you published regarding the Akkadians is a fake. It looks more “Saudi” because the artist’s who made the mask was trying to make it fit the contemporary people who live in the area.
Below you can compare the original and fake mask. The nose of the original is not hooked.
.

.

Sargon
Original

Fakes

.

.

Naram-Sin Original
.

.
Fake

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Mr. Winters all of those images are of the same person and none of them are different from one another. This is a blatantly false misrepresentation of the artifacts that does not show what you are implying, which is any FAKE forms of these statues or busts that you can single out as being more “arab” like.

This is a lie and the post is nonsense.
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Djehuti
Member
Member # 6698

Member Rated:
posted 01 December, 2007 05:08 PM
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^ LOL What else do you expect from Winters?
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tooSleepy
Junior Member
Member # 14307

Rate Member posted 02 December, 2007 03:15 AM
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lol Winter
Sorry dude it is the same mask with the impressed nose tip and his straight hair commend to a bun.

Sleepy; were you seriously trying to suggest that the current rulers of Arabia are the indigenous people? Maybe you also think that current Iraqis, Iranians, Egyptians, Libyans, and those in the place now called Turkey are also indigenous people. Try Turks, with a little Greek and Roman thrown in – and the resultant mixtures.

Haplogroup J
30000 thousand years not enough?
Haplogroup J is believed to have arisen 31,700 years ago (plus or minus 12,800 years) in the Near East (Semino et al. 2004). It is most closely related to Haplogroup I, as both Haplogroup I and Haplogroup J are descendants of Haplogroup IJ (S2, S22). Haplogroup IJ is in turn derived from Haplogroup F. The main current subgroups J1 and J2, which now account between them for almost all of the population of the haplogroup, are both believed to have arisen very early, at least 10,000 years ago.

Actually Europeans are the ones who are partly Middle Eastern spin-offs.
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Clyde Winters

Member
Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 02 December, 2007 08:44 AM
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The figure you posted is a fake as demonstrated above.

Haplogroup J could not have arisen in the Middle East around 30,000 years ago because the area was still occupied by Neanderthals. Moreover, around this time the Cro-Magnon people who were expansing eastward from Iberia carried the N haplogroup.

Moreover the J haplogroup is also found among the Ethiopians. Given the linguistic evidence that the Akkadians and Ethiopians were closely related suggest supports the Africaness of these people, not Arabness.

.

quote:
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Originally posted by tooSleepy:
lol Winter
Sorry dude it is the same mask with the impressed nose tip and his straight hair commend to a bun.

Sleepy; were you seriously trying to suggest that the current rulers of Arabia are the indigenous people? Maybe you also think that current Iraqis, Iranians, Egyptians, Libyans, and those in the place now called Turkey are also indigenous people. Try Turks, with a little Greek and Roman thrown in – and the resultant mixtures.

Haplogroup J
30000 thousand years not enough?
Haplogroup J is believed to have arisen 31,700 years ago (plus or minus 12,800 years) in the Near East (Semino et al. 2004). It is most closely related to Haplogroup I, as both Haplogroup I and Haplogroup J are descendants of Haplogroup IJ (S2, S22). Haplogroup IJ is in turn derived from Haplogroup F. The main current subgroups J1 and J2, which now account between them for almost all of the population of the haplogroup, are both believed to have arisen very early, at least 10,000 years ago.

Actually Europeans are the ones who are partly Middle Eastern spin-offs.
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Clyde Winters

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Member # 10129

Member Rated:
posted 02 December, 2007 10:37 AM
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This the original picture you posted it has nothing to do with the figure I posted. Note that the left eye in the figure you posted was normal, whereas the left eye in the figure below is missing. You should be ashamed of yourself. But like most Eurocentrists you don’t mind lying to advance a LIE.

.

.

.

.

quote:
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Originally posted by tooSleepy:
This Akkadian hooked nose mask gives me Saudi vibe.

Saudi Men

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Posts: 2509 | From: Chicago | Registered: Jan 2006 | IP: Logged |

alTakruri

Member
Member # 10195

Member Rated:
posted 02 December, 2007 11:08 AM
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Those aren’t different bust profiles.
The image was mirror flipped, that’s all.
Besides publishers mistakenly doing it
anyone with PhotoShop or Picasso or etc., can do it too.
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Evergreen
Member
Member # 12192

Rate Member posted 02 December, 2007 01:59 PM
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quote:
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Originally posted by Clyde Winters:
The Sumerians were conquered by the Akkadians the Akkadians spoke a Semitic language. The linguistic evidence makes it clear that the Akkadians originated in the Sudan,migrated across East Africa into Arabia and replaced the Sumerians as the dominate group in Mesopotamia.
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Evergreen Posts:

Domesticated Animals from Early Times by Juliet Clutton-Brock

Author(s) of Review: Juris Zarins
The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 45, No. 4 (Autumn, 1982), pp. 251-253

“The possibility of cattle pastoralism’s having originated in conjunction with early agricultural practices in southern
Egypt must now be seriously considered along with the possible diffusion of Neolithic cattle
pastoralism into the Sahara, south to East Africa, and across the Red Sea to the SinaiINegev and the Arabian peninsula.”
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Evergreen
Member
Member # 12192

Rate Member posted 02 December, 2007 02:07 PM
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quote:
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Originally posted by tooSleepy:

Haplogroup J
30000 thousand years not enough?
Haplogroup J is believed to have arisen 31,700 years ago (plus or minus 12,800 years) in the Near East (Semino et al. 2004). It is most closely related to Haplogroup I, as both Haplogroup I and Haplogroup J are descendants of Haplogroup IJ (S2, S22). Haplogroup IJ is in turn derived from Haplogroup F. The main current subgroups J1 and J2, which now account between them for almost all of the population of the haplogroup, are both believed to have arisen very early, at least 10,000 years ago.

Actually Europeans are the ones who are partly Middle Eastern spin-offs.
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Evergreen Writes:

What is the correlation between the evolution of modern Eurasian phenotype and haplogroup J. Cranial and genetic evidence indicates that the earliest Europeans shared phenotypic traits with modern and ancient Sub-Saharan Africans.
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Evergreen
Member
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Rate Member posted 02 December, 2007 02:20 PM
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quote:
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Originally posted by rasol:
[QUOTE]I agree that Sumerians, like the Kemetians, referred to themselves as Blacks, that this reference is and always has been *ethnic* in character, and that this fact is so disturbing to Eurocentric racists, that they have gone to laughable lengths to invent alternate *explanations*, which for the most part, they don’t actually believe in, but assert effectively as pro-forma propaganda.
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Evergreen Writes:

It seems most probable that two types existed in the Tigres-Euphrates area by the early neolithic – a modified “Australoid” type that was spread from Australia, through India and into the vicinity of modern Iran/Iraq. There was also a semitic element that spread out of Africa and around the so-called fertile cresent during the early Holocene. A third, chariot-wielding element may have entered the region during the Bronze Age.
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Evergreen
Member
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Rate Member posted 02 December, 2007 03:37 PM
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quote:
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Originally posted by Evergreen:
[QUOTE]
It seems most probable that two types existed in the Tigres-Euphrates area by the early neolithic – a modified “Australoid” type that was spread from Australia, through India and into the vicinity of modern Iran/Iraq. There was also a semitic element that spread out of Africa and around the so-called fertile cresent during the early Holocene. A third, chariot-wielding element may have entered the region during the Bronze Age.
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Evergreen Writes:

Further to this point, it seems that populations stretching from Senegal to Australia shared in the common M1 mtDNA lineage. These populations were Black and known as Eastern and Western Ethiopians (Blacks) by ancient Eurasians. These Black populations also seemed to have recognized their own Blackness with references to Kush/Kham/Ham/Kish evolving in relation to the emergence of chariot-wielding elements that may have entered the region during the EBA.
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Evergreen
Member
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Rate Member posted 02 December, 2007 04:13 PM
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quote:
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Originally posted by Evergreen:
[QUOTE]

Further to this point, it seems that populations stretching from Senegal to Australia shared in the common M1 mtDNA lineage.
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Evergreen Writes:

In fact, this is where I would lean more toward the Clyde Winters/Marc Washnington camp. Not so much that I believe the Olmec were Nubians who fled the Nile when the Ptolmies closed down the temples in Aswan or that the Sumerians were ancient chariot-riding mandingoes from the Sahara. But I do believe that Europeans are closely aligned with Africans based upon the linear knowledge (science, mathematics, religion, writing, etc.) Africans imparted to Europeans during the current Quran (Holocene). Likewise, I believe Black-Asians are closely aligned with Africans based upon the instinctive knowledge (memory of Australian Aborigines) they took with them when they left Africa during the UP. Unlike northern Eurasians, Black-Asians RETAINED this African instinct in tandem with an essentially African physiology.
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This is the definitive book to read if you want to
know the truth about black history!!

yeah yeah i know you have heard that before but
take my word for it this time trust me. I thought
I knew pretty much everthing (or at least the jist
of it) about black history till i read this!!

I know alot about our history but their were still
unanswered questions that most black history books
were not addressing. I’ve found them in this book.

This book contains all the information Henry Louis
Gates Jr. didn’t have the courage to say in his
Eurocentic black history tv series that was on
television!!! Many afrocentric scholars demanded
that they show and “honest” version of black
history instead of the farce that Gates displaid
for the world to see.

FOR EXAMPLE:

1. We know that the Egyptians were not caucasion
or “white”…thats been established. But were
they….ARAB? Thats what the people look like
there now anyways. So they weren’t white or black
but ARAB. But the Arabs invaded Africa just like
the Europeans did didn’t they.
Arabs even started the invasion (i think) and
were MAJOR holders in the intercontinental slave
trade weren’t they!?!?!

Hmmmmmm……

2. There is a huge dessert that currently
separates North and South Africa. Its called the
Sahara. Eurocentric scholars have used the desert
as a means of saying that the Egyptians were a
separate people and culture from the rest of
Africa. “Sub-Saharan” is the term that they use i
believe.

But evidence has been found that the Sahara was
once rich with plant life and water making it
perfectly inhabitable for people to inhabit it.
And by doing so connecting the imaginary barrier
between Egypt and the rest of Africa.

So was the Sahara ALWAYS a desert? And how did it
become a desert in the first place?…

hmmmmmmm…..

All these questions and more are answered in this
book

WRITE DOWN THIS ISBN NUMBER AND TAKE IT TO YOUR
NEAREST BOOKSTORE: 0 883 780 305

“The Destruction of Black Civilization”= by:
Chancellor Williams

and once again, the ISBN number: 0 883 780 305

Write the number down and give it to them. It’ll
make it easier to find the book

Knowledge is Power!!!!!!
Martin

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By White Boy on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 09:55 am:
Afrocentrism is a joke!

Black africans haven’t established ONE advanced civilization on their own. Egyptians are NOT black, they are more Arab than anything so blacks cannot take credit for that civilization either.

Let’s face it Blacks are infirior to all other races. How? Well simply put, Black Africans are the only race that cannot succeed in Ameria on their own. Even with Affirmative Action, Africans struggle to succeed in a country where all other races have been tremendously prosperous.

Anyone who supports Afrocentrism is a fool. You need to realize that Africans should stop their complaining and start adopting Western ideals in order to succeed in this world. If you do not, blacks will just be what they always have been: poor and under developed

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By MartinCruse on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 01:16 pm:
OOOOOO HERE WE GO AGAIN WITH THE LIES.

First of all, africans are divided and suffering so much today because we were colonized by Europeans and Arabs. And to colonize Africans used and old techinque of…

DIVIDE AND CONQUER!!!! When we are fighting amongst ourselves we are not focussing on the real problem…Europeans with their Christianity and Arabs with their Islam.

We have created no civilizations huh? lol yeah they tried to feed me that crap in history class also. Just because Arabs are there now doesn’t mean they always have been. The Arabs invaded Egypt just like the greeks/romans did. They also participated in the slave trade. So all in all they are just as hippocritical as Europeans are concerning black history.

All of the Greek classicists describe them as black (herodutus, aristotle, ect., ect.) But all this has been said before…..”whiteboy.” Its getting repetitive now. If you have any doubts….look at the sphinx. Look at the brrrrooooaaaad nose and lick long lips it has. Even though they were shot off u can still make out its “africoid” facial features.

And have u actually read any of the afrocentric books? Or are you just making blind ignorant statements to suit your own greedy needs?

And p.s. everthing in the west originated in the EAST!!! Western civilizations is built on lies and deciet and GREED!

But we all know this already…

So now that you have been corrected….go by the CLEGG SERIES video, crawl back into the ignorant/ destructive/capitalist/backstabbing/European lies filled hole you came from and shut up
CAUSE GROWN FOLKS ARE TALKING!

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By ignore_the_devil on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 01:30 pm:
Peace, be still, brothers and sisters, do not let the devil get the best of you. “It” is inciting you to a riot. Peace, be still!

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By ruff on Thursday, March 16, 2000 – 01:50 pm:
infirior?…no spell check on webtv,huh whitebread?

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By White Boy on Friday, March 17, 2000 – 10:41 am:
Gee sorry RUFF I don’t have spell checking. Apparently you don’t either. Isn’t it supposed to be rough?

It is simple to answer all those points you made.

The greeks could easily misake an Arab and say he or she was black. Look at arabs for goodness sake, some of them are so dark they are blacker than some blacks. So no problem there.

And sorry I disagree with you on the Sphinx it doens’t look negroid to me. But maybe I’m wrong, I’ll admit I didn’t see who built the thing. If you can prove to me that blacks built it, then I’d agree with you. But the fact remains that NOBODY can really say who built the sphinx, and I’d have an easier time believing it was built by aliens.

And ha ha I guess the black race is so honest and upright? You never get greedy or lie? You have never destroyed another tribe or made war on them back in your days in Africa? And I guess I’m so corrected now that I’ll just crawl away back to my slimey mud hole right? HA HA HA HA!!!

If you think Africa was so great, then get out of my counrty and go back to your sick, poor, AIDS infested, anarchy ridden, Africa?

White Boy

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By Edward Parker on Saturday, March 18, 2000 – 10:03 am:
Their is evidence allover this planet that original man or homo sapien sapien was the black man.. In la Venta Mexico with statues negroid stoneheads,with black Buddha with thick lips in India,china etc..Grimaldi who roam ed Europe for 40,000yrs BC,Tua man in north america,the egyptian black god Osirus…Chang dynasty which consisted of the black dwarf from interior Akebulan…I need not continue for those of any intellectual capacity know the truth..and the truth will set you free!!!!!

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By MartinCruse on Wednesday, March 22, 2000 – 02:55 am:
No i think u need to prove to ME that they were
anything other than black.

But yes i admit…Europeans aren’t the only ones
that lie. But you guys seem to have turned it into
an art form. Your the ones who invented the
political weapon of Misiformation. Your the ones
who got the ball rolling on the destruction of the
environment. YOUR the ones who have colonized the
WORLD with your own narrowminded beliefs and
religions. But i digress…your are right….a
liar is a liar…no matter how often he does or
does not commit a lie. But the balance definitely
leans toward Europeans thats for sure. Hell you
own like 70% percent of the world’s currency. You
don’t get that kinda cheese with hard work and
honesty NO WAY!!! That power was achieved through
manipulation and deciet.

Most proof of black Egypt comes from Greeks/romans
and even the pharoahs who were alive at the time.
I find it fitting irony that the alot of the proof
comes from White peoples’ ancestors themselves
lol. They describe them as dark skinned with flat
noses, full lips, and kinky hair like sheeps
wool!!! SHEEPS WOOL!!!! Get some sheeps wool and
think about whose hair it most represents.

There are also quotes from the pharoahs
themselves. You would have to know a little bit
of the history to put this one together though.
There is another all black civilization called
Nubia that lies south of Egypt. Afrocentric
scholars have always claimed that the Egyptians
were immigrants from Nubia. This is proven by the
fact that The Egyptians THEMSELVES describe
Nubia/the south as their place of origin. They
frequently went to the nubians for supplies or
assistance in whatever. Today, because of violent
sand storms…there is a dessert separating nubia
and Egypt. It is called the Saharah. So in order
to discredit Africans of our classical
civilizations so they can justify
slavery/colonialism….Racist Egyptologist
invented the term “Sub-Saharan” Africa. In other
words….all the niggers are down south while the
civilized white/arab Egyptians lie up north. The
Sahara was not always a dessert. This has been
proven. Egyptoligist are finding out that Egypt
maybe even older than they originally thought.
They found water erosion on the Sphinx!!! That
means There could have been connection between
north and South if that kind of drastic weather
changes happened (i.e. floods, SANDSTORMS, ect.
ect. ect.)!!!
But i Imagine all the hard proof in the world will
not change a mind that wants to justify its hate.

BUT YOU CAN READ ALL ABOUT IT HERE:

http
://www.he.net/~skyeagle/afro1.htm

go to the “Greek Quotes” section..very interesting

Arabs…even the darkest of them, (who are
considered blacks anyway by lighter skinned Arabs
ironically) have straitened hair like Europeans.
So yes they WOULD be able to tell the difference.
Arabs invaded Egypt many, many, centuries later in
the history of Kemet (Egypt).
And not all blacks have those fleshy facial
features either. Our variatioins seem almost
endless….after all…Blacks are the first
hue-ma

——————————————————————————–
By Soulbrother on Wednesday, March 22, 2000 – 11:49 am:
All of these beautiful, accurate, fact-filled, historical words, wasted on a poor, ignorant, racist White Boy, who would not see the truth if it hit him/her/it like a brick, in the face …..

——————————————————————————–
By perfect on Wednesday, March 22, 2000 – 05:09 pm:
Not wasted at all soulbrother I was reading all of this and I have learned from it.

——————————————————————————–
By hiplashone on Friday, March 24, 2000 – 11:37 pm:
Oh no ,not at all wasted!
I am printing all of this knowledge, and I am making copies and giving them to my neighbors, family and friends. And guess what~~~~can’t nobody stop me. So to all dropping knowledge;KEEP KEEPING ON! Soon every Black boy and girl will know about the Afrocentric experience and thier traditions, as long as you all keep posting, I’m going to keep printing it and telling the people I know, for that domino affect. Thanks.

——————————————————————————–
By Jerrold ( – 151.200.108.30) on Friday, March 24, 2000 – 04:34 pm:
Thanks, HipLaShone. That’s a beautiful way of spreading the word, about how Black people need to be knowledgeable and proud of who we are.

Keep on keeping on. Thanks again.

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By somosunafamilia ( – 129.81.185.75) on Friday, March 24, 2000 – 09:02 pm:
We seem to have forgotten the original post.
The Destruction of Black Civilization is probably the best book that I’ve been exposed to.
It was told to me that people know what they are against but they don’t know what they are for.
I said that to say don’t entertain the european too much, for it is a waste of time. Find out what you are for and move on it. And right now we should be for reading the Destruction of Black Civilization, then come with some of that good planning that is in there.

“Two birds fought over a kernel and a third flew away with it.”

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By Kegimni ( – 64.82.98.1) on Monday, May 29, 2000 – 12:36 am:
I’d like to add my two cents. To understand White Boy’s psyche, you must read a book by Michael Bradley called “Iceman Inheritance”. It speaks volumes of the inherent aggressiveness white men have toward women and others who do not resemble them. Rember brothers and sisters in order for you to educate you must know thyself and thy enemy.

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By JAB ( – 138.26.16.161) on Tuesday, June 13, 2000 – 05:15 pm:
The Destruction of Black Civilization was required reading for a history class I took in college. The Black professor told me that he never had so many (white) students angry with him. This book, along with the Bible which was used as a historical reference, proved that beyond a doubt that Blacks had produced one of the greatest cultures in Egypt along w/ other great civilizations such as Nubia,Babylon,Ethiopia,and India)and w/o the assistance of Europeans or Arabs.

By greg ( – 24.132.81.212) on Monday, June 19, 2000 – 10:57 am:
PEACE AND LOVE TO ALL BROTHERS AND SISTERS FROM ME TO YOU

AND TO JAB YOU ARE TOTALLY RIGHT IF YOU TELL THESE WHITES THE TRUE HISTORY THEY DIE AND IMMEDIATLY START IGNORING THE FACTS

——————————————————————————–
By Bryan Harman ( – 155.31.19.175) on Monday, June 19, 2000 – 05:06 pm:
It is such a shame that the world’s most primitive

people are taking credit for Ancient Egypt.Some afrocentrists have claimed the Greeks called the Egyptians black.As a educated person I this is misleading in the extreme.For example,Greek writers such as Manilius,Arrian,Ammianus Marcelinus,Strabo,and Flavius Philostratus all described the Ancient Egyptians as either “mildly” dark or “somewhat” dark, but never as black.Did Herodotus say the Ancient Egyptians were black?No! Herodotus was trying to find out where a people called the Colchians came from. The Egyptians said to Herodotus that the Colchians came from Pharaoh Sesostris’s army.Herodotus believed this because the Colchians were black skinned and woolly haired.For starters,Herodotus makes no claim that all of the Egyptians had these features and secondly black Nubian mercenaries served in the Egyptian army which would include Pharaoh Sesostris’s army.Last of all Herodotus would be contradicted by all these other writers I have listed.I would like to conclude by making fun of the fact that slavery,Sexual mutilation of women,tribalism,voodoo,and massive illiteracy exist on the world’s most primitive continent known as Africa.All of this while whites can walk on the moon,or celebrate all our other great accomplishments which are impossible for the primitive negro who is considered the world’s most inferior race.

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By foreversearching ( – 204.196.86.112) on Monday, June 26, 2000 – 10:48 am:
Peace Brothas and Sistas

1. Without getting into a long drawn out story of why i let christianity and islam go, which i feel everyone here understands, could someone suggest a few great books on African centered spirituality by us for us.

2. Will uh sista or brotha refer me to a few great sites on “ebonics”.

p.s. i will start reading the Destruction of Black Civilization in uh week.
thanks and peace

foreversearching

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By DJ ( – 63.27.97.209) on Saturday, July 22, 2000 – 10:23 pm:
I appreciate everyones messages. Even the ones from the white people. Their comments help reafirm what I’ve always believed to be true. Think about it, everyone in the Americas are a collection of people from the East (I guess with the exception of Indians, but I don’t know much about that). And everyone in the Americas tend to have their own history except for the decendents of African people living in America. An easy way to control “free slaves” and all of their offspring including grandchildren’s grandchildren (everyone) is through their mind. If they take what we made and claim it as their own and take us away from our origin and our true history and only feed us lies, if we believe it, we then become brainwashed and although we’re considered to be free we are still mind slaves until we are able to break that cycle as a whole. We have to stop automatically believing in everything we hear because the truth exists in us all. I didn’t figure any of this out by reading a book I did it by reasoning (the thing that seperates man from animals) and examining the worlds history as a whole. It’s kind of like a puzzle all we have to do is put the pieces together from things we hear, see, and read. I’m not saying that nothing is wrong with reading books because I think they are great and I definately plan on finding the book mentioned above, because I love it when my gut feelings turn out to be true, and we were all blessed with it, it’s called intuition and it all relates. I hope someone is able to read this and is feeling where I’m coming from. Another example of this is how they took and continue to take our music especially what they call rock and roll it is the same with history, because history repeats itself in all shapes and sizes. Think about it, I’m going to stop now, cause I feel like I’m preaching. One.

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By Martin ( – 205.188.199.189) on Wednesday, July 26, 2000 – 04:01 am:
A Picture of How Ancient Egyptians saw themselves.

There is a carving on a wall in Egypt that
represents the world’s cultures/peoples as the
Kemetians (Egyptians) saw it THEMSELVES.
It has the Greeks, the Arabs, the nubians and the
Kemetians.

Now as u would expect…the greeks look like
whites, the arabs like arabs (orient),
but……wait a minute…..the Nubians and the
Kemetians look EXACTLY the same. Black Skinned
with fleshy facial features and all…..PURE
BLACK.

I will returen later with an address to where u
can view this picture

No peace until Blacks are self sufficient!!!

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By GREG ( – 24.132.81.212) on Wednesday, July 26, 2000 – 03:41 pm:
to every body open your eyes!!!!!!!!!!

Light Is Caused By Friction Which Is A Form Of Chaos And Destruction. In Some Cases, Light Causes Negative Reactions, And I Can Give Examples Of This. When People Rest, Most People Prefer Darkness Over Light, So They Cut Off The Light In Order To Gain Rest. Now, If The Light’s Are Abruptly Cut On While Some One Is In A State Of Slumber, What Is Their Normal Reaction? They Wake-up, Grumpy, Screaming.. “Turn Off The Lights” Or Maybe Even Threaten You! :o) The Light Disturbed The Darkness, The Same Darkness That Brought PEACE. So Darkness And PEACE Go Hand And Hand, or are one in that same.

When A Baby Is In their Mothers Womb There Is No Light There, Thus The Baby Is In A State Of PEACE Or Darkness. When This Same Baby Comes From The Womb And Meets The Light It’s Peace Is Disrupted, So It Begins To Cry! Once Again The Light Is What Disrupts The Darkness/ Peace!

The Most Sacred Things Can Be Found In Darkness, And Most Of The Most Sacred Things Are Only Hidden To Those Who Can’t See Inter-dimensionally. Like The Brain, The Heart, The Mind, All Things Internal, Including Your GOD! When I Say Inter-dimensionally I Mean You Have To Be Able To See Pass Three Dimensions, Which Is Seeing Beyond Persons, Places And Things.

To Say That One Thing Is Good Is To Say That Another Thing Is Bad! Therefore When The Light Came Friction Between Disagreeable (Bad) And Agreeable (Good) Came To Be. And When Disagreeable And Agreeable Came To Be The “I/ Ego” Came To Be, Separating Things From One Another. Oneness/ Togetherness Is The Exact Opposite Of This, But When The “I/ Ego” Was Created A “Here” And “There” Was Also Created. This Same “Here” And “There” Causes The Separation Of Things And Beings, And This Separation Allows Us To Actually Think That We Are Separate From The Things Around Us. But Light Also Brings With It Illusions, And One Of These Illusions Is Separation (I’ness, Here And There)!

One Comes To Realize That Light Is What Truly Blinds Us, While Darkness Brings Peace, Insight And Togetherness. Light Creates The Thought That “I Am Here And You Are There”, And Enables Us To Think We Are Separate Or Maybe Even Better Than The Things Or People Around Us. When One Comes Into The Fold Of Supreme Darkness/ Supreme Balancement, One Looks Beyond The Light Into The Darkness And Sees That We Are All From One Source And One Force. One Can See That We Are All In “ALL”! We Are One With “ALL” And “ALL” Is One With Us! You Are Not A Special Individual, But A Vital Part Of One Source. It Doesn’t Matter If You Call That Source GOD, Allah/ Ilah, Eloh/ Elohim, Adonai, Osirus, Anu, YHWH Or Jehovah, They All Are A Part Of “ALL”.

So, To Answer The Question Of “Why Would GOD Dwell In Darkness” Is Simple! Because There Is Peace In Darkness, And All Things Come From Darkness. An Example Of This Is COLOR! A Combination Of All Colors Create Black/ Darkness. It Would Then Be Safe To Say That For All Colors To Be, They Must Have Come From Black/ Darkness. So It Would Make A Lot Of Sense That The Bible Would Say GOD Created All Things From The Darkness He Was In, Because Blackness Is The Supreme Balancement Of All Things.

Even In The Bible The Evil One Is Called The “Morning Star” (symbolic of bright brilliant light)! Why not the dark star or the night star? The Evil One Is Also Called The “Illuminated One”, And Is Where The Term “Illuminati” Comes From. So From What We Can See Here, It’s The Light That Cannot Comprehend The Peace Of Blackness, And The Blackness Is Our Key To Peace. It’s The Light That Is Disagreeable, And The Blackness Is Truly Benevolent!

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By IRASTA ( – 195.121.227.104) on Sunday, September 3, 2000 – 01:15 pm:
GREETINGS IN THE NAME OF THE MOST HIGH JAH RASTAFARI HAILE SELASSIE THE FIRST.

THE PROBLEM OF THE BLACK MAN IS THE BLACK MAN HIM SELF.
WHEN HE WILL ACKNOWLEDGE SELASSIE I AS GOD ALMIGHTY, AND NOT THE WHITE JESUS.

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By DARKAND SERIOUS AFRICAN ( – 12.72.64.78) on Thursday, September 7, 2000 – 05:47 am:
EARTH TOO IRASTA, HAILE AIN’T EVEN LOVED BY TO MANY ETHIOPIANS,SO SAVE US THE BS ABOUT HIM BEING GOD. THERE IS NO GOD,SO STOP SPENDING YOUR YRS DREAMING OF ONE. WE ARE THE ONLY GODS WE NEED TO SAVE OURSELFS. ALL CULTS LEAD TO BACKWARDNESS AND DISUNITY. WE ARE OUR OWN SAVIORS,NOT A MAN WHO WASN’T EVEN LOVED BY HIS OWN PEOPLE WHO HE DID SO LITTLE FOR THE MASSES . IF YOUR HONEST YOU’D ADMIT THAT ETHOPIANS ARE SOME OF THE MOST REACTINARY AND RACIST ACTING AFRICANS IN THE WORLD TODAY. THEY HAVE NO RESPECT FOR ALL THE MYTHOLOGICAL THINGS THAT YOU SO BADLY WANT TO BELIEVE IN.IF YOU WENT THERE THEY WOULD LAUGH AT YOU FOR YOUR IGNORANCES OF JUST WHO AND WHAT THE MAN WAS.
YOU PROBABLY THINK I’M AGAINST YOU,YOUR WRONG. WHAT I’M AGAINST IS ANY FORM OF CULTS OF PERSONALITY AROUND ANY HUMAN BEING,IT’S A WASTE OF TIME.

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By HRH-DARKOVERLORD WATCHING OVER YA ( – 12.72.3.43) on Thursday, September 7, 2000 – 07:37 pm:
Iregular rasta;this is the 2nd time I’ve posted a message to you,it seems unGrand La grand is playing at being a censor again.
What I said was the following ;stop with the stupid myths concerning Haile,cuz he isn’t a god nor is he that respected by his own people. Yes he stood up to the europeans,that was his finest hr.
In our quest to escape the racist colonialism ,we have made hero’s out of anyone who stood up to the white power system,that was good. The problem started when ya felt the need to make of all people Haile more then what he was a feudal dictator.
If your aware of the brief history of Rastafari,you know how resent all of this has been ,not even a 100 yrs.
If you know anything about Ethopia you’d know that they are some of the most reactionary Africans on the continent,toward other Africans.They have what can best be termed as racist attiudes towards othe people of African decent. If you think they would feel postive about your worshiip of Selesie then you really don’t do much traveling.
When people don’t see a why out of their bondage and are powerless they create what s called cults,that later become so-called relgions,this is what the whole Rasta movement is about.
I’ve been wearing locks since 1974,I’ve talk to countless Jamincans. Some like the idea others who are more inclined to follow their past white masters hated all Rasta’s and everything they stood for. This is not my postion,there are postive messages to be learned from any ideology.The pt is where do you leave off the myths and other false teachings that do nothing to push us further toward our goals of mental and physical liberation. Your probably thinking if he ain’t for Seleasie he’s against I AND I,not so. All cults from christiantiy to islam,have the same effect ,to remove us from, the simple fact of what we as Africans must be most aware of.
Ask yourself this question ,have you ever heard of Marcus Garvey proclaiming Haile as some divine savior? We both know the answer to that question,no.
You have a brain and you’ll believe whatever you think can free you from the pain of babalyon. What I want you to understand is this,there are NO GODS, so this means if there are to be changes in our lifes we have to make them. Sooner or later if your a truly concious African you’ll come to this conclusion. On the other hand if this is your drug of choice maybe you’ll never awake from this sleep of the oppressed.
Whatever road you choose ,know this your still my people and I will struggle for your rights like I hope you would mine.

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By GREG ( – 24.132.81.212) on Friday, September 8, 2000 – 01:56 pm:
The Hebrew People of the Bible What Color are They?

For years, people of the world have been led to believe that the people of the bible were white people, when in fact they were black. Hollywood, one of the many contributing factors to this cause, isn’t innocent to this either, they take the front line for the ranks of deception. We the people of the world should not continue to let this occur because the ones to be affected by this will be the children of the future.

Movies, television and some white people portray the people of the bible as white. What should it matter, if they are white or black. Should it matter, if they are white or black? If I were white, I’d say no, and if this was an ideal world and if all affluent people looked like me. But we are living in a world of lies and deception and when the children’s minds develop off of the deception that is being told and taught, then the truth must be brought to the forefront. Also, I am not white and the more affluent doesn’t look like me.

People of color are more vulnerable and are more easily to believe what is being told to them, especially when their history has been erased from their minds, and it is constantly battered in their heads through their educational systems, television, and movie theaters. Well, the time has come for the truth to be told. And what is that truth? That the people of the bible are people of color.

Before I can go forward, I need to go backwards into some history. Lets look at the people of the bible, who had who.

Genesis 10:2-4, Japheth begot Gomer (*Galatians) (**Germany, Crimea, Cambria, Celts), Magog (*Scythians) (**Georgia, Scythians), Madai (*Medes), Javan (*Grecians), Tubal (*Iberes), Meshech (**Moscow), and Tiras. Gomer begot Ashkenaz (*Rheginians) (**Germany, Saxons, Scandavia), Riphath, and Togarmah. Javan begot Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim (**Cyprus) (Abraham ibn Ezra said the Romans were descended from Kittim), and Dodanim. (*denotes The Complete Works of Josephus. **denotes The table of the Nations off the Web)

Genesis 10:6-18, Ham begot Cush (*Ethiopians), Mizraim (*Egypt), Phut (*Libya), and Canaan. Cush begot Nimrod, Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtechah. Raamah begot Sheba and Dedan. Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim. Canaan begot Sidon, Heth, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgasites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathite.

Genesis 10:22-29, Shem begot Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad (*Chaldeans), Lud, and Aram. Aram begot Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. Arphaxad begot Salah. Salah begot Eber. Eber begot Peleg (from here comes the family of Abraham) and Joktan. Joktan begot Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab
.
And Noah and his wife created Japheth, Ham, and Shem.

After the dispersion of the people by God at the tower of Babel, each went into their own region of the world. Japheth and his family went into Europe. Shem and Ham stayed in the area, so to say.

Mizraim (Egypt) and some of his family went into a land now called Africa, but it wasn’t called Africa then. Cush (Ethiopia) had a very large area which even went into what is now called Middle East. Remember, Nimrod was a Cushite and the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

Around 1913BCE, there was a famine in the land. And due to the famine, Abram (Abraham) and his wife Sarai journeyed to the land of Egypt. But before he entered the land of Egypt he said to Sarai, “Behold now, I know that you art a fair woman to look upon. And it will come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they will say: This is his wife; and they will kill me, but thee they will keep alive.”

Now the incident came to pass, but Rabbi Shelomoh Yitschaki, Solomon ben Isaac, also known as Rashi, said in his commentaries, reference behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman, “Knowing that you are beautiful, I realize that your beauty is now a source of danger, particularly since the Egyptians are dark-skinned and ugly.” Besides this being a ridiculous comment, the point that I am trying to point out is the fact that the Rabbi has stated that the Egyptians were people of color. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary defines black as, “Having a dark skin . . . ” and “a person belonging to a dark skinned race . .

. ” This may seem irrelevant now, but this quote by Rashi is going to back fire on him. Stick with me. Also at least they have finally admitted that the Egyptians were people of color.

Next, Joseph, one of the twelve sons of Jacob, from the twelve tribes of Israel, was sold to some Ishmaelites by his brothers out of anger. The Ishmaelites took Joseph into Egypt and sold him to the Egyptians. Later a famine had struck the land of Egypt and Canaan and according to the Bible all the lands and was very devastating. Jacob instructed several of his sons to go into Egypt and buy food because Egypt had enough to sell.

When the brothers of Joseph, the sons of Jacob had entered the land of Egypt, they were told to see a particular person. Not knowing oh the individual was they were going to see, when they faced him, they didn’t recognize him, but Joseph recognized them. If Joseph is supposed to be a white person, and he was in the mist of black people, don’t you think his brothers would have recognized him immediately. Why didn’t his brothers recognize him immediately? Could it have been due to him being black amongst black people and he blended in? A white person definitely would have been able to be pointed out if he was amongst black slaves during slavery time. Don’t you think?

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By GREG ( – 24.132.81.212) on Friday, September 8, 2000 – 01:56 pm:
Next, while the Israelites were living in the land of Egypt, Pharaoh had commanded for all the Israelite males to be exterminated. Now during this time, a couple from the Israelite people had borne a son, and they had hid him for three months. When they couldn’t hide him no longer, she put the child into a basket and placed it among the reeds by the bank of the Nile. The daughter of Pharaoh, wanting to bathe in the Nile, went to the banks and saw the basket among the reeds and when she opened the basket she saw a baby in it. Being that the baby was very young, she instructed a Hebrew family, coincidently the baby’s mother, to nurse the child until he was weaned. Once he was weaned, she brought the boy to her father and asked if she could keep the child, and her father said yes. Also, the baby was named Moses.

Remembering that the Egyptians were black, if Moses was white and knowing that Pharaoh had issued a decree to kill all the Hebrew males, wouldn’t he have killed Moses immediately when she brought this supposedly white child into her father’s house? Also, if he was white, do you think Pharaoh’s daughter would have even let the child live when she found him by the Nile? Obviously we must say no.

Finally, Moses lived amongst the Egyptians for years and one day when he saw an Egyptian abusing a Hebrew, he came to the aide of the Hebrew and killed the Egyptian. Knowing that the word would get out and back to Pharaoh, he fled Egypt and went to the land of Midian. Upon entering Midian he came to the aide of some women of the land and helped them. They were very grateful and ran back and told their father that an “Egyptian” saved them.

Again, if he was mistaking for an Egyptian, and knowing that the Egyptians are supposedly dark-skinned and ugly, does this make Moses dark-skinned and ugly too? This is where people need to watch what they say. It may come back to haunt you.

What I have presented here, which is merely speculation. The only proof that I have given where someone has said the Egyptians where black was by the Rabbi. So let me notegive more facts for you to think about.

Herodotus (484? -425? BC) was one of the most widely traveled people of his time. His writings show his interest in both history and geography. Herodotus was born in Halicarnassus, a Greek colony in Asia Minor. He was a frequent visitor to Athens, he was a close friend of Sophocles. He also journeyed to the western shores of the Black Sea, to southern Italy and Egypt, and to the Asian cities of Tyre, Babylon, Ecbatana, Nineveh, and Susa, says the Compton’s Interactive encyclopedia.

During his travels, Herodotus kept a journal of his activities. The journal was later translated, and in one of his entries, he wrote the following about the Egyptians or to be more exact the natives:

” …it is certain that the natives of the country are black . . . ; there can be no doubt that the Colchians are an Egyptians race . . . I made this inquiries on the subject both in Colchis and in Egypt, and I found that the Colchians had a more distinct recollection of the Egyptians, than the Egyptians had of them . . . My own conjectures were founded, first, on the fact that they are black-skinned and have woolly hair . . . ”

Now, what I have done here is give a positive identification of the Egyptians. And by me doing this and showing that the Israelites always got mistaken for them, prove that they both, the Egyptians and the Israelites were black people.

You may still have your doubts and desire more evidence before you will acknowledge that the Bibilical Israelites were a black people. So, allow me to continue.
Solomon Grayzel, a white Jewish historian, wrote in his book, A History of the Jews, in the ninth century CE (AD), a man appeared in north Africa among the Hebrews there, his name was Eldad from the tribe of Dan, he was a danite. They said he spoke a strange language and told them a weird story. He said the members of his tribe had escaped Israel after Sennacherib had conquered Israel, and other Hebrews from other tribes also live in the land from where he came from. He told the Hebrews in the northern part of Africa all the law that his people follow, which was given to his tribe by tradition from Moses successor Joshua ben Nun. The Hebrews of the northern part of Africa at first was in question about his story, but threw further examine by the Gaon, he assured the northern African Hebrews the story was legitimate.

I have mentioned this story because Mr Grayzel went on to say, “Some modern scholars argue that Eldad was an Ethiopian Jew, a descendant of the ancient colony which, in the days of Ezra, lived on the southern border of Egypt . . . ” If you know your history, and if you know what color the Ethiopian Jews are, then you have already come to the conclusion that Eldad the Danite, from the tribe of Dan, one of the twelve tribes of Israel was a black man.

Another story that I want to tell you about is in a book entitled “The Hope of Israel,” by Menasseh ben Israel which was published 1652. In it speaks of an incident that occurred with a traveler named Antonio de Montezinos. It says upon Montezinos return from the Americas, it is sufficient here to know that he has found the descendants of the lost ten tribes. At this point, I am going to quote the letter from Menasseh ben Israel to John Dury concerning what he said. The letter was dated 25 November 1649 and it reads, “Curiously enough, in the sixteenth century one Antonio Montesino of Lima stated, according to the writings of Luis Lopez, Bishop of Quito, that The Indians of the islands and mainland of the Indies . . . are Hebrews descended from the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel’. And he did say further in his book, “that they keepe their true religion, as hoping to returne again into the Holy land in due time.”

People, if this isn’t enough proof as to say what color the Hebrews were, then you are truly in a state of denial.

Also, as for a pictorial concerning the children of Israel. In a documentary on the Art & Entertainment channel, titled In Search of The Ten Commandments, it showed an ancient hieroglyphic picture of the Israelites while they were slaves in Egypt, and they were black. They looked just like the Egyptians. So I can see why Moses was mistaken for an Egyptian, and why Joseph wasn’t recognized by his brothers.

Finally, I am going to list three passages from the bible identifying the color of the Israelites. They are:
Lamentation 4:8, Their visage (face) is blacker than coal
Lamentation 5:10, Our skin was black like an oven . . .
; And Job 30:30, My skin is black upon me . . .

In this document, I have given enough information proving that the Hebrews are black people. But I say to you all, this isn’t enough. Teach your children the truth!

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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Tuesday, September 19, 2000 – 04:12 pm:
To DarkandSerious Afrikan – There is a God. Only you can find him. To Foreversearching – I am sorry to hear that you let Islam go. Islam only means peach and Muslim means submission to the will of God. I believe we all want peace and if you believe in the higher power, submission to him is not a problem, as he only wants what is good for us if we are obedient. Who better to know what is best for you than HE who created you. I also believe all people of color believe in the Creator irregardless of what you call him. He said, “I will be called by many names”. In regards to the European, all we need to do is just leave him alone and stay away from him and he will self destruct and disappear. Black people, stay prayerful, stay focused, continue to study and seek truth and truth will be revealed to you. Black Man Rising!

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By Dark and contemplative ( – 12.72.0.254) on Tuesday, September 19, 2000 – 09:00 pm:
Because i feel you mean well,I’ll refrain from being to harsh with you.
I’m an ATHEIST,I was never involved with Islam,even though I have family members that are. Unlike yourself I don’t feel any need or desire to believe in any form of supreme being. My feels are the following;your need to believe is your drug to ward off the pain of dealing with this insane world we live in.
On the subject of white people I deal with those who are attempting in some concrete way ,to struggle with white racism,the rest I deal with in whatever form they present themselves as.
I have no illusions about all African people being in unity,or even feeling the need for struggle,so the samething applies to them.
Your need for Islam is your need,not my. On things we can agree on I’m more then willing to support and contribute to the dicussion. So welcome to the forum,it’s good to hear from you even though I don’t agree with you ,your input is good.

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By Dark and tired of UNGRAND LEGRAND,the poser! ( – 12.72.0.250) on Wednesday, September 20, 2000 – 03:24 pm:
This is my 2nd attempt at responding to you bmawute.
Ungrand Legrand,who host this forum is a censoring fanatic,he needs to go to a conservative right wing NEGRO site. This isn’t the first time I’ve confronted him about this silliness.He’s suppose to be a historian and a lawyer,yet he can’t deal with certain opinions I have on the topics and response of some of the posters.
This is a stupid idea,trying to control what he thinks others should say,considering that the rest of this site doesn’t feel the need to follow suite.So I don’t expect you’ll see this post either,since UNGRAND IS ACTING LIKE SOME RIGHT WING FACIST!
UNGRANDLegrand if I ever get to confront you ,you can depend on me telling you the same thing face to face.Stop tryna control ideas and opinions.
What I said Bmawute is that I’m an ATHEIST, it doesn’t matter to me what reglious belief you have cause all of it is a form of drugs,for the masses who feel the need to want to believe in something called——–,whatever you want to call it.
Now since this is so threatening to Ungrand LEGRAND,I assume he’s like you a believer in relgious myths. I guess it just shows with all the knowledge of African history and law ,TINY MINDED UNGRAND Legrand still can’t get beyond his antiquated beliefs concerning what’s called religion,so much for giving the appearance of being a progressive African THINKER!

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By Pharoah #1 ( – 199.180.3.66) on Sunday, September 24, 2000 – 11:57 pm:
Hotep

This is just a greeting to my brothers & sisters, not for sick white folks that hate human beings because of their god given features and culture that God Ra blessed us to embrace. The comments made by white boy(peckerwood) is just reminder why we must continue to seek the truth and not settle for historical info. from whites,arabs etc. and that we need to settle our petty differances and truely love each other as africans. Let us not get upset when we here comments from the devil, continue to study and build upon your knowledge that you were blessed by god to receive.

I beleive that brother Dale Jones said it best in his documentary ( The American Nigger Factory ) when you let others get into your culture it is on mickey mouse. Meaning that when you take white folks for chumps and suckers and we let them dictate the course of our community, fianance,history and the education of our children then we have lost the battle for freedom and equallity.

Hotep, kemites.

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By Drew Peters ( – 24.164.152.3) on Sunday, October 1, 2000 – 03:49 pm:
Race is NOT Culture

The differences between an African-American and a white American are infintesimal compared to the differences between an African-American and a Frenchman of African descent. Ask a dark-skinned man from Guadaloupe what he is and he will tell you that he is French. His race is not important to his identity.

Why do Americans of Black West Indian origin and African Americans whose forebears were established in the northern states before the Emancipation Proclamation have income levels typical of caucasians while othe African-Americans do not?

Which of the 7 values of the Kwanzaa holiday are cultural blocks to economic advancement? (None of these are found in all African cultures but can be identified in non-African cultures like India).

Why is Eithiopia so rich in architectural heritage? Why has Ethiopian Airways always been regarded as one of the industries finest? Why are Eithiopian banks so strong?

Why do African-American tourists cry when they are told by West African tour guides that slaves were captured and remained the property of other Africans until delivered to the docks? Why do Africans think the African-American tourist’s reaction is strange?

Why do so many African-Americans have such a strong racial identity? Does this present problems for black immigrants that come from cultural backgrounds less racially defined?

Why does the US have to rely on immigration from India to keep the technology industry strong?

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By Ms. Sprung ( – 206.128.192.142) on Friday, October 20, 2000 – 04:47 pm:
I congratulate people like BMAWUTE for having as the center of his or her message the purpose of “staying focused”, because if we keep falling into the sick games and evident sense of inferiority as shown by the negative contributions some white folks have done, we will fall into their trap and convert this discussion into a war zone, or a source for exchange of insults instead of the determined uplifting purposes it is intended to. For instance, BRYAN HARMAN calls himself and ‘educated person’, but he goes on to state that some Arabs are darker than black people. There is proof that blacks were the first human species on Earth, and remember that the Arabs invaded Egypt, which of course involves racial mixture and explains why there are Arabs who are very dark. You would realize that the world’s black culture is filled with people of different skin tones which go from the lightest cinamon shades to the deepest, sweetest darkest black! Yes, I add sweetest because everytime I set my eyes on a very dark man, I just melt by contemplating such a Godly gift! Oh…when you refer to slavery and sexual violence in Africa, remember that those are actions initiated by whites. Hitler is a perfect example of violence and hatred, and if you want to talk about inferiority, his whole purpose for wanting to exterminate Jews was based on feelings and concepts of inferiority, as well as the caucasian invadors of Africa who envied the strenght of the black man, the beauty and resistance of his skin, not to mention the covetting of the overwhelming physical and spiritual attributes of splendid black women. If you are physically, emotionally and spiritually secure…WHY DO YOU LOOK UPON OTHERS??? WHY BOTHER THEM???? WHY QUESTION THEM??? WHY THE NEED TO DOMINATE THEM???? WHY SO INTREIGUED AND DISGUISINGLY FASCINATED BY THEM IN SO MANY FORMS???? If the Arian Nation was all that, then why trouble the Jews? If Europe and all caucasians were sufficiently secure, why did they need Africans to subject them to slavery, and to help build what we have today? Were white women not enough for them? IF THEY ARE SO PERFECT AND PURE!!!! Why is the world so multi-racial today, with black traits and prints beaming in most regions of the world? Some people just can’t face the fact that the black race is the most underestimated, but influential and intreiguing one in existance. We have always been here. Presently, they still try to put us down, and cleverly promote disputes and conflicts among ourselves, but they will never extinguish us, and the more they try to bring us down, insult us, and discredit us, the more the thruth will emerge, and their fear and intimidation becomes more evident.
GREG, loved your comments on “darkness”! KEGIMI!!! You go, you black beautiful child of God!…because if any athiest reads the Bible he or she will realize that actual world events coincide with what it expresses. Proof is the success of every theory, and what’s going on in Israel and the Middle East is spread out in the Bible, as well as the proof provided by this web site concerning black people beginning civilization!

Ms. Sprung!

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By Know-thy-self ( – 205.188.192.53) on Wednesday, October 25, 2000 – 02:09 am:
What was the point of that last post DREW PETERS?

I notice that whites/househands come to this
site preaching every culture love one another….

But when attempts to make positive/Unifying
Relationships relationships With Continental
Africans are made….They go on a mad frenzy
trying to point out our differences and laying
seeds for devision.

These are basically attempts bye the white culture
to gain the Loyalty of the Black culture. Not our
equality….loyalty. And if we give it to
them…the will joyously use as house hands to
further colonialize and rape the resources of the
richest continent in the world……

AFRICA

Europeans control the ENTIRE continent of Africa.
They devided up the land like a giant pizza…each
Europeans gettin their own little piece (German,
French, English, etc.)

We do have one large similarity…WE BOTH LIVE
UNDER THE SAME EUROPEAN DOMINATION!!!!

and ps
Shallow Capitalism is not a culture. That is the
only thing we have in common Drew peters.

PPS
Please refrain from speaking for blacks in other
parts of the World on what their cultural values
are. You do not reserve the right.
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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Thursday, October 26, 2000 – 03:32 pm:
To Dark and Contemplative – If you do not believe in God or the Higher Power, who do you believe in, and where do you think the human family comes from? You notice that I DID say human, I did not say mankind. Hue means color. Surely you don’t believe in the theory of evolution!

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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Thursday, October 26, 2000 – 03:52 pm:
To Know Thy Self – Very well put my brother. Shallow capitalism IS the only thing we really have in common with them. It is amazing how they think that even as we struggle for our true identity, we must have them to help to guide and direct us with this also. How arrogant! Peace and Love.

Black Man Rising!

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By DARK AND EXTREMELY SERIOUS! ( – 12.72.1.40) on Friday, October 27, 2000 – 02:42 pm:
WHO OR WHAT DO I BELIEVE IN YOU ASK. I BELIEVE IN THE BETTER QUALITIES OF THE THINGS THAT CALL THEMSELVES HUMANS.YES I DO BELIEVE IN WHAT’S CALLED EVOLUTION. THE SO-CALLED HUMAN FAMILY COMES FROM THE UNIVERSE.IT IS PART OF ALL THAT IS.
NOW OF COURSE THIS PROBABLY SEEMS TO SIMPLE FOR YOU,TO BELIEVE. WHAT I’VE SEEN FROM YOU TELLS ME YOUR LIKE MOST SO-CALLED SPIRITUAL OR RELGIOUS,PEOPLE YOU SEEK TO MAKE EVERYTHING INTO SOME FORM OF CONVOLUTED MYSTERY LACED WITH ALOT OF MEANINGLESS THEORIES,ABOUT SUPERNATURAL FORCES,WHAT YOU CALL GOD!

TO ME IT’S ALL MEANINGLESS PSYCHO BABBLE,FOR THE MASSES AND THOSE WHO ARE AFRAID OF THE WORLD THEY LIVE IN.SINCE NONE OF THIS MADNESS HAS EVER HAD A POSTIVE AFFECT ON OUR COLLECTIVE STRUGGLES,IT’S MEANINGLESS TO EVEN WASTE MY MIND ON THE TOPIC.

HISTORICALLY RELGIONS HAVE BEEN AND CONTIUNE TO BE VEHICLES TO CONTROL AND MISDIRECT HUMANS. EVEN IN TODAYS WORLD WE SEE IT BEING,PLAYED OUT ALL OF OVER THE WORLD,FROM AFRICA TO THE MIDDLE EAST.

TO ME PHILOSOPHY IS THE MEAT OF DEAD MEN AND RELGIOUS MANIA IS THE BREAD. SO THERE YOU HAVE IT IN A NUT SHELL,REAL SIMPLE AND WITH OUT ALOT OF HOCUS POCUS!

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By MenNefer ( – 152.163.213.47) on Thursday, November 23, 2000 – 02:46 am:
Tua NETER!! MAN..THIS WEB PAGE IS WILD AND REVEALS THE MALAISE THAT RUNS RAMPID AMONGST ALL CULTURES AND FURTHER DELUDES.I HAVE A PROVERB TO OFFER…DO NOT SEEK TO FOLLOW IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE MEN OF OLD;SEEK WHAT THEY SOUGHT.IN NO WAY AM I GOING TO TRY AND INTIMATE SOME MAGICAL TRANFORMATIVE LINEAR PHRASE TO TRY AND CALIBRATE,FURTHER MORE, CIVILIZE A MIND IN NEED OF SPIRITUAL REMUNERATION,I ONLY WANT TO SAY STOP ARGUING OVER A FALLIABLE STRUCTURE STOP CRYING AND TRYING TO PROVE TO EACH OTHER AD NAUSEUM THE ETHNICITY OF THE ANCIENT ONES ,THOSE WHO TRULY KNOW SHOULD BE PROUD THAT DOGS HAVE CONFLUENCED AROUND THE TABLE TO GET SCRAPS BECAUSE THEY WANT THE TRUTH TOO BUT NOT THE REALITY OF THE CULTURE HMMM THERE WHITE WIG WEARING ANCESTORES SPENT ARDUOUS YEARS TRYING TO PUT A DAMN LABEL ON EVERYTHING AND WHAT MAKES YOU THINK THATS GOING TO STOP,IF YOU WANT TO CHECK ONE OF THESE PSUEDOCONCIOUS NEGROES TRY LIVING THE LAWS OF MA-AT ,LET HER MEANING AND ESSENCE PERVADE YOUR SPHERE OF AWARENESS IF NOT WE KAMAU WE MA-AT KHERU ARE NOT TRYING TO HERE ANYMORE INANE RANTINGS SPEW FORTH FROM YOUR FORKED TOUNGE NO MATTER WHAT SHADE YOU REPRESENTING THE TRUTH IS THE TRUTH!!!!!!

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By Darkoverlord;waitng to see what this is all about ( – 12.72.0.107) on Wednesday, November 29, 2000 – 02:45 pm:
In order to communicate a message,you have to speak in words that reflect what it is your trying to say. Speaking metaporically ,doesn’t work for the unenlightened.
Since your here,we have to ask what did ya bring,besides a few expressions frmon the muter neter. Being PADONTIC,serves what purpose,or then to mysitfy ?If ya came with info. then make it seen,if ya came with more deliberate mysicism,we’ve seen it all before.

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By DARKOVERLORD ( – 164.124.250.203) on Wednesday, November 29, 2000 – 11:23 pm:
IT MUST BE BEING EBONICS OR SOMETHING-AND SHE-IT!!

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By Ptah Da Architect ( – 216.42.39.154) on Wednesday, December 6, 2000 – 12:15 pm:
Em Hotep, I have this book & I must say that although I haven’t finished it yet it is a MUST HAVE! I’m not all for wild-out theories on the ethnicity of our ancestors but I am for correcting the wrong and the mis-takes made when portraying us (Africans) to the world. Honestly if you KNOW then it won’t matter about debating who was black & who wasn’t. Mer Ua Em Hotep Ptah

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By Angela Diarberry ( – 24.229.76.95) on Friday, December 8, 2000 – 12:04 am:
I am here because I homeschool my children and want to know what to teach my children about kwanzaa. I have never been taught anything about it. I have a few questions:

1. Does having a separate holiday for black people contribute to the lack of unity among whites and blacks? Isn’t the goal equality rather than constantly pointing out our differences? How will we ever have peace if we don’t “melt” together?
2. Why do black people refer to themselves as African-Americans? Wouldn’t it be more conducive to peace if we just called each other American? I mean, I don’t go around calling myself European American. I did have ancestors who were from European descent, but they were all dead years before I was born and I have no desire to live in Europe. My connections, my patriotism, and my roots are all 100% American.
3. Is it silly for white people to celebrate Kwanzaa? (Similar to how non-Irish people celebrate St. Patrick’s day) Why or why not?

Hopefully we can benefit from good, intelligent dialog.

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By propheTess ( – 204.0.154.135) on Wednesday, December 20, 2000 – 05:32 pm:
To any very confused person: this is for you.

Mathematically, logically and with intelligent reasoning ( as one brother put it earlier on)
you may judge superiority in race by their ability
to survive and endure any circumstance. The being that develops and masters this technique; whether they are literate or not, black, white, red or green,fast or slow,civilized /uncivilized, etc…
This Being of existance (Collectively) is historically far more superior on earth & through
out the Universe. DO THE MATH and STUDY UP ON THAT STORY(NOT HIS STORY)!

KEEP RISING MY BEAUTIFUL BLACK PEOPLE- propheTess

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By Mike E ( – 205.212.150.240) on Tuesday, December 26, 2000 – 10:30 am:
To Angela Diarberry
I would not teach my kids anything about kwanzaa the whole “so called holiday” is nothing but racism, it was a made up holiday to push along racism and if you were to talk to the people that follow this stuff you will find out they hate whites, asian’s, european’s, you will even find out that they even hate black’s that don’t believe there garbage, it’s like this african american stuff, I have asked WHERE is AFRICA AMERICA, and nobody has answered me yet, and the ones that say that the true God of the bible KJV is black have no proof of that, there taking verses out of context, what was Jesus He was a Jew, the earth is only 6000-7000 years old we can prove that, we know the different colors and races started at the tower bable, the bible say’s that but it says nothing of what color Adam was as far as I can find, so no I would not teach your children about kwanzaa it is about hate!!!

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By Blondie ( – 209.46.58.254) on Friday, December 29, 2000 – 03:41 pm:
Wow- to Angela Diarberry- Congrats on teaching your children the importance of different cultures! I am also a white female that is studying up on different cultures/traditions/ roles/race ect. and have questions raised like yours. I hope someone that is open-minded, honest and willing to teach, not preach, can/will answer them. I am interested in seeing the black American’s point of view. I know that I share the same view as in question #2. I could give many of my own answers- but they always tend to lead to more questions! Also, for whites to celebrate Kwanzaa, would it be hipprocritical? I know I wouldn’t celebrate Hannakuh- but that is religious. Kwanzaa carries some very strong points for any culture.
I had to say “wow” at the beginning because of the response from Mike E.. My own personal opinion is that he is an idiot, and an embarrasasment to my race, and should just have his mouth taped and then thrown into a corner. But maybe Angela should show his answer to her children and see what they learn from it. Sometimes studying ignorance can be the best lesson.
I came to this website to learn about Kwanzaa, and end up for the last hour reading through letters about arguements I didn’t even know exsisted/mattered, of frustation, of rage. The arguement of who came first amazes me. To me, it makes sense the black people orginated first. Life will begin to exist where conditions are optimal. Humans started to lose color, “became white,” when they migrated to northern, colder conditions. Dark pigment, fleshy facial features disappeared when they hindered survival in the cooler climates. I don’t agree with the arguement that whites are selfish and greedy, but if you look at it, as a primitive being, living in the cold, snow, having to search for food, don’t you think as a people, it makes sense that whites are more aggressive? And does that really make whites evil? I think it is more of terms of survival of the fittest. I don’t know. Please don’t think I’m trivialising anything, and maybe I am way off base. I’m trying to learn, and unfortunately there is no easy answer. At least not in the US. I just think too many people get caught up on little things, and it becomes whoever can scream the loudest wins.
So anyway- that’s this white girl’s 2 cents.

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By Tjmax ( – 209.240.220.242) on Friday, January 5, 2001 – 02:05 pm:
So many whites have come to black sites to try to discredit afrocentric history,so rather than keep throwing hurtful words back and forth at each other,whitch do not add any insight
to this debate,so am about to bring some insight to the afrocentric debate.I’ll first quote some white scholars and their research and then we can move on to quote the ancient people who saw and understood what they were seening.Now,first we’ll see what some modern whites had to say,then we’ll go on to what the ancient people had to say[from the book The missing pages of his-story by Indus Khamit Kush :Professor Beatrice lumpkin raises a very critical question[why haven’t we been taught that the base of our so-called western civilization was created by the African peoples of Egypt

Two other European historians put it like this:The hisorians R.R.Palmer and joel calton in their massive book A History of the modern world wrote:There was really no Europe in ancient times.Europeans were by no means the pioneers of human civilization.Half of recorded history had passed before anyone in Europe could read or write.The priests of Egypt began to keep written records between 4000 and 3000 B.C.,while the pharaohs were building the frst pyramids,Europeans were creating nothing more distinguishe than huge garbage heaps. Jacques Weulersse,a French historian,in his work L’Afrique Noire compares Africa with Europe and candidly writes:At a time when all Europe was only savagery,when Paris and london were swamps, and Rome and Athens uninhabited sites, Africa already possessed an antique civilization in the valley of the nile;it had populous cities…great public works,sciences,and arts;it had already produced Gods. Was it not Aristotle who said:The races that live in cold regions and those of Europe are full of courage and passion but somewhat lacking in skill and brain power;they lack political cohesion and the ability to rule others. Professor Erman in his book,life in ancient Egypt states:Ethnologists assert that nothing exists in the physical structure of the Egyptian to distinguish him from the native African,and that from the Egyptian to the negro population of tropical Africa,a series of links exist which do not admit of a break. Egyptologist G.R.Gliddon lays out the conclusion we must come to if we accept the African origins of the ancient Egyptians:so far then,as the record,scriptural,historical and monumental,will afford us an insight into the early progress of the human race in Egypt[the most ancient of allcivilized countries]that civilization originated in Ethiopia,and consequently among an African people,and was by them brought down the nile…we,who trace back to Egypt the origins of every art and science known in antiquity,have to thank the sable Negro…for the first gleams of knowledge and invention. According to the scholar,Joseph McCabe:”…our ancestors remained…pure barbarians,during the two thousand years when the dark men…were constructing civilization…until about 700B.C. the philosophers of the world would have said that white men seemed incapable of civilization…quoteing from the book ,The new science and the story of evolution,p.292-98. Gaston Masoero[1846-1916]on the opinion of all the ancient writers on te Egyptian race states:By the almost unanimous testimony of ancient historians,they belonged to an African race. There is a lot more,but my time is limited,so I leave you with this by that eminent black scholar and historian,John Henrik Clarke,who once commented:some people…had come to your land taken you over,processed your mind into thinking he has always been civilized and you have always been waiting for him to bring the light.What happened when you found out that he had no light.

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By bmawute ( – 206.170.78.254) on Friday, January 5, 2001 – 04:35 pm:
God created himself out of triple darkness and then he made man in his image and after his own likeness. The original man was black. There is no question about that. Archeologists of all races have to acknowledge that fact. They have been digging all over the world for many many years and everything that they dig up looks like Black people. This certainly bears witness to who was here first. The european’s history can only be traced back 6,000 years, that is why he tries to make people believe that that is when the earth started. He wants to take credit for the pyramids, but he was not there. With all of his technology, he still cannot explain how the pyramids remain at 72 degrees at all times. It baffles him. The Black man goes back millions of years, this is why I can’t understand how we can allow the european to tell us about God and who he is. How arrogant of him, how gullible of us, when we survived for so many centuries before he was even created. Do we really believe that we knew nothing of God and spirituality before his late arrival. He is the last species of mankind to arrive on the planet and has raised more hell and caused more death and destruction than all of the other races combined. One only has to study, pray for understanding and use common sense to understand who we are and what our purpose is. When you look into the eyes of the Black Man and Black Woman, you are looking into the eyes of GOD! This is why the european feels so compelled to keep us deaf, dumb, blind and divided. He knows that if you study your origins and understand where and who you came from, you will no longer look at him with a kind of awe and worship. You will begin to see that he is not a giant after all. He is a master of illusion and trickery. You will no longer fear him and you will take your rightful place in the world, and that is on top. This is why he fears you and feels a need to keep the Black race divided. He doesn’t have a problem with Jewish, Asian, Korean, or Mexican unity, but every time we talk about unity, he tells us that we are just americans and calls us racists when we make an effort to heal our families and communities. If we are really “just americans”, why are we always at the bottom of everything that is good, and at the top of everything that is negative? Wake up Black Man and Black Woman. Stay focused, stay prayerful and obedient and continue to study and then we will awaken from this deep sleep that we have been put into. We are a beautiful, intelligent, creative and magnificent people when we are in our right minds.
Black Man Rising!

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By Madhuri Kayvalya ( – 63.44.251.208) on Saturday, February 24, 2001 – 02:44 am:
The Hitler Project
Bush Property Seized–Trading with the Enemy

In October 1942, ten months after entering World War II, America was preparing its first assault against Nazi military forces. Prescott Bush was managing partner of Brown Brothers Harriman. His 18-year-old son George, the future U.S. President, had just begun training to become a naval pilot. On Oct. 20, 1942, the U.S. government ordered the seizure of Nazi German banking operations in New York City which were being conducted by Prescott Bush.

President Bush’s family had already played a central role in financing and arming Adolf Hitler for his takeover of Germany; in financing and managing the buildup of Nazi war industries for the conquest of Europe and war against the U.S.A.; and in the development of Nazi genocide theories and racial propaganda, with their well-known results.

The facts presented here must be known, and their implications reflected upon, for a proper understanding of President George Herbert Walker Bush and of the danger to mankind that he represents. The President’s family fortune was largely a result of the Hitler project. The powerful Anglo-American family associations, which later boosted him into the Central Intelligence Agency and up to the White House, were his father’s partners in the Hitler project.

By deciding that Prescott Bush and the other directors of the Union Banking Corp. were legally front men for the Nazis, the government avoided the more important historical issue: In what way were Hitler’s Nazis themselves hired, armed and instructed by the New York and London clique of which Prescott Bush was an executive manager? Let us examine the Harriman-Bush Hitler project from the 1920s until it was partially broken up, to seek an answer for that question.

Origin and Extent of the Project
Fritz Thyssen and his business partners are universally recognized as the most important German financiers of Adolf Hitler’s takeover of Germany. At the time of the order seizing the Thyssen family’s Union Banking Corp., Mr. Fritz Thyssen had already published his famous book, I Paid Hitler, admitting that he had financed Adolf Hitler and the Nazi movement since October 1923. Thyssen’s role as the leading early backer of Hitler’s grab for power in Germany had been noted by U.S. diplomats in Berlin in 1932

Prescott Bush became vice president of W.A. Harriman & Co. in 1926. That same year, a friend of Harriman and Bush set up a giant new organization for their client Fritz Thyssen, prime sponsor of politician Adolf Hitler. The new German Steel Trust, Germany’s largest industrial corporation, was organized in 1926 by Wall Street banker Clarence Dillon. Dillon was the old comrade of Prescott Bush’s father Sam Bush from the “ Merchants of Death ” bureau in World War I.

Brown Brothers had a racial tradition that fitted it well for the Hitler project! American patriots had cursed its name back in U.S. Civil War days. Brown Brothers, with offices in the U.S.A. and in England, had carried on their ships fully 75 percent of the slave cotton from the American South over to British mill owners. Now in 1931, the virtual dictator of world finance, Bank of England Governor Montagu Collet Norman, was a former Brown Brothers partner, whose grandfather had been boss of Brown Brothers during the U.S. Civil War.

In 1931, while Prescott Bush ran the New York office of Brown Brothers Harriman, Prescott’s partner was Montagu Norman’s intimate friend Thatcher Brown. The Bank of England chief always stayed at the home of Prescott’s partner on his hush-hush trips to New York. Prescott Bush concentrated on the firm’s German activities

Hitler’s Ladder to Power
Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany January 30, 1933, and absolute dictator in March 1933, after two years of expensive and violent lobbying and electioneering. Two affiliates of the Bush-Harriman organization played great parts in this criminal undertaking: Thyssen’s German Steel Trust; and the Hamburg-Amerika Line and several of its executives

The Flick-Harriman partnership was directly supervised by Prescott Bush, President Bush’s father, and by George Walker, President Bush’s grandfather.

On March 19, 1934, Prescott Bush–then director of the German Steel Trust’s Union Banking Corporation–initiated an alert to the absent Averell Harriman about a problem which had developed in the Flick partnership. Bush sent Harriman a clipping from the New York Times of that day, which reported that the Polish government was fighting back against American and German stockholders who controlled “ Poland’s largest industrial unit, the Upper Silesian Coal and Steel Company…. ”

Warrants were issued in December for several directors accused of tax evasions. They were German citizens and they fled. They were replaced by Poles. Herr Flick, regarding this as an attempt to make the company’s board entirely Polish, retaliated by restricting credits until the new Polish directors were unable to pay the workmen regularly. ”

The Times noted that the company’s mines and mills “ employ 25,000 men and account for 45 percent of Poland’s total steel output and 12 percent of her coal production. Two-thirds of the company’s stock is owned by Friedrich Flick, a leading German steel industrialist, and the remainder is owned by interests in the United States. ”

In view of the fact that a great deal of Polish output was being exported to Hitler Germany under depression conditions, the Polish government thought that Prescott Bush, Harriman and their Nazi partners should at least pay full taxes on their Polish holdings. The U.S. and Nazi owners responded with a lockout.

Nazi tanks and bombs “ settled ” this dispute in September, 1939 with the invasion of Poland, beginning World War II. The Nazi army had been equipped by Flick, Harriman, Walker and Bush, with materials essentially stolen from Poland.

In many ways, Bush’s Hamburg-Amerika Line was the pivot for the entire Hitler project

The Schroeder family of bankers was a linchpin for the Nazi activities of Harriman and Prescott Bush, closely tied to their lawyers Allen and John Foster Dulles.

Baron Kurt von Schroeder was co-director of the massive Thyssen-Hu@autte foundry along with Johann Groeninger, Prescott Bush’s New York bank partner. Kurt von Schroeder was treasurer of the support organization for the Nazi Party’s private armies, to which Friedrich Flick contributed. Kurt von Schroeder and Hjalmar Schacht together made the final arrangements for Hitler to enter the government.

Baron Rudolph von Schroeder was vice president and director of the Hamburg-Amerika Line. Long an intimate contact of Averell Harriman’s in Germany, Baron Rudolph sent his grandson Baron Johann Rudolph for a tour of Prescott Bush’s Brown Brothers Harriman offices in New York City in December 1932–on the eve of their Hitler-triumph.

Certain actions taken directly by the Harriman-Bush shipping line in 1932 must be ranked among the gravest acts of treason in this century.

The U.S. embassy in Berlin reported back to Washington that the “ costly election campaigns ” and “ the cost of maintaining a private army of 300,000 to 400,000 men ” had raised questions as to the Nazis’ financial backers. The constitutional government of the German republic moved to defend national freedom by ordering the Nazi Party private armies disbanded. The U.S. embassy reported that the Hamburg-Amerika Line was purchasing and distributing propaganda attacks against the German government, for attempting this last-minute crackdown on Hitler’s forces.

For his part in the Hitler revolution, Prescott Bush was paid a fortune.

This is the legacy he left to his son, President George Bush.

George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography — by Webster G. Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin

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By Chugalug ( – 64.167.88.42) on Tuesday, April 24, 2001 – 07:42 pm:
Race is irrelevant. Race is only a veil. Life is an individual struggle. “The Races” should stop pointing fingers at each other; it is pointless and childish. We all need to take responsibility for our own souls. Despite what those who would control you would have you believe, the personal is NOT political. It’s time to stop jerking off.

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By Damani6 ( – 161.149.50.100) on Tuesday, May 8, 2001 – 07:47 pm:
Hey Whiteboy!

You have no claim to America since you cannot digest the fact that the cement that is the foundation of America is held together by the blood weat and tears of Africans stolen from their country by your forefather or sold into slavery by thier forefather. Your ignorance is full of wind. Let me share some wisdom with you that can change your backward life if you dare try. Since you feel that Africans and Blacks are worthless and have not contributed anything to the society of men, try not using inventions made by blackmen and women. For example:
(1) Try writing without paper. Africans invented and used paper in Timbuktu long before the first Eygptian dynasty. That means you cannot wipe you behind, if you get my point, but that okay, before you kind was introduced to the wonders of the black world, they used leaves or their hands. Nasty!
(2)If you have a car, pray it does not break down. If it does, tell your mechanic not to use a wrench because it was created by a worthless, count-for-nothing blackman (John A. Johnson).
(3) I hope you do not use a clothes dress to store your neatly folded laundry. If you do, throw it way because it was invented by a blackman (John J. Jordan.)
(4) I hope you do not live where it gets cold. If you do you can go back to the backward ways of your people before Musa (a blackman) taugth to make fire, because a blackwoman invented the heating furnace (Alice H. Parker)
(5) Remeber Henry Ford Whiteboy. Well you would not if it were not for J. Gregory. He was the balckman who invented the internal conbustion engine.

I could go on for hours with the inventions of black Americans that would leave your lifestyle in form it was in before the first white person ever laid eyes on a blackman if you dare do without them. As a matter of fact, the first blackman white people every saw was Hannibal who was conquering the whitea–s. Now, this is a rhetorical question so save your ignorant ramblings. If Africans were so backward as you claim, who other than God can claim the providence from which the ideas, concepts and insights to create the wonderful things that you take for granted have come from. Yes, crawl back in your hole and take a stick of dynamite with you when you go. BOOM!

Just because you live in a system that provides previlages to white boys, do not think for a moment that ignorance will get you anywhere. Did you know that there are more white people on welfare than black, receiving greater benefits due to Affirmation Action than blacks. What vaccum did you step out of.

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By kinks_83 ( – 216.196.24.170) on Tuesday, June 26, 2001 – 02:52 am:
I am currently reading the book which sparked this debate, The Destruction of Black Civilization by Chancellor Williams. I personally give the book a lot of praise because it not only answered previous existing questions of our history, but exposed facts which created new ones. For instance, one comment I read claimed there was no real proof of African Civilization and Achievements, however this work chronologically exposes the great and obviously intentional “black out” in European history. Williams catalogues numerous events throughout history of African interactions with Europeans and Asians, and simply the proof is in the pudding. For any White, Black, Arab , Latinos ect. who questions the origin of civilization, the blackness of egypt, the development of the arts and sciences, the beginnings of communication, and the specific events which led to the downfall of our greatness this is definately a must read . So white Boy if you’re looking for proof open the book, and if you want to know why you should teach your kids about kwanzaa open the book, and if you want to kwow why africans in america can’t advance open the book and then read the miseducation of the Negro by Carter G Woodson. Because frankly for us to have been fighting off global attack from all of Asia, Europe, and other prdominantly white civilization for five thousand years(pg.58) we’re doing quite well for ourselves. So open the Book all my brothers and sisters and open your eyes. Because true equality can only be layed on a foundation of truth, and therefore an admission of guilt and reparation must occur before we can begin to mend this two sided world which exist today. For your days are numbered and if we continue to be pushed to civil disobedience to be heard, then the repercussion that will tossed upon the white race will be tradgic, but executed by all means necessary. You all only make up 2% of the population, so how long do you really believe our naivete and righteousness will allow you to keep this up? GLOBAL ASSASSANATIONS. Somebodies gonna pay for all these years of poverty and the rape of our nation.So keep up you white bastards we’ll see who gets the last laugh. If you were smart you call the truce now while some of us still ike you, cause this could get ugly.

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By PABCD ( – 158.252.92.40) on Thursday, September 6, 2001 – 02:57 pm:
As a military brat I have lived all over the world and the one thing that is noticable is that the variations in races blend as the borders have changed over the centuries. With the conquest of one country over the other, back and forth with one inslaving the other , is there really any race that can say that they are pure. I don’t think so. There is no one race better than another, and there is no culture or religion that is better than any other. Just men trying to make themselves feel that they are something more than they are (JUST MEN). The only ones who do have the right to complain is WOMEN. We have been and still are inslaved and tortured just for being born a woman. There is no civilization on this planet who can say that their women have been treated equally to their men.

MORE ON THE BLACKamerikkkan JEWS IN ISRAEL BY APOLOGETICSINDEX.ORG

November 6, 2007

from apologeticsindex.org

Quotations from the page on Black Hebrew Israelites omitting some negative comments about this misunderstood group.

Practising a strict version of kibbutz-style collectivism and Old Testament ethics — including polygamy and veganism — the Black Hebrews are not recognised as Jews by Israel’s rabbinate.

The Black Hebrews believe they are descended from one of ancient Israel’s 10 lost tribes by way of Africa and the slave routes to America, an account most scholars dismiss as myth.
Source: Israel grants ”Black Hebrews” permanent residency, Reuters, July 29, 2003

The Black Hebrews believe they are descended from Israelites who were expelled from Jerusalem by the Romans in A.D. 70 and then migrated for more than 1,000 years before reaching West Africa and later the United States as slaves.

According to the teachings of their leader, Ben Ammi Ben Israel, the cruel chapters of their history were part of God’s plan to lead them back to their homeland — Israel.

That belief sprang from a vision that Ben Ammi says he had in 1966 when he was a Chicago foundry worker named Ben Carter. In the dream, archangel Gabriel told him that many African Americans were descendants of the lost Israeli tribe of Judah.

Carter’s epiphany led him to gather 30 followers in 1967 and move to Liberia — a country founded by freed American slaves in 1847 — for a two- year “cleansing period” on the way to the Promised Land.

Upon arrival, Israeli authorities directed the newcomers to the remote desert town of Dimona while their claims of Jewish heritage were assessed.
Source: Black Hebrews fight for citizenship in Israel, San Francisco Chronicle, Nov. 15, 2002

The origins of the Black Hebrew Israelite religion may stretch back to before the Civil War. By 1896, “Prophet” William Crowdy founded a sect in Kansas. The religion permitted polygamy, forbade birth control and decreed strict dietary laws similar to Judaism.

By World War I, there were congregations in several major cities. By the 1980s, others had appeared in Israel and several other countries.
Source: Rough Waters, ‘Stream of Knowledge’ Probed by Officials, Southern Poverty Law Center, Intelligence Report, Fall 1997.

The very words cause many people to grin at what appears to be simply a play on words. No one reads about such people in european authored history books and there are only a few references to “Ethiopian Jews” in white Jewish sources. Yet Black Hebrews have existed since biblical times. In fact, they are the original or proto-typical Hebrews.

Their story begins with the Patriarch Abraham (2117-1942 B.C.), a native of the Sumerian city of Ur in ancient Mesopotamia. Archaeological discoveries have proven that the earliest inhabitants of southern Mesopotamia were members of the ”Brown Race,” i.e., the Negroid branch of humanity.

It has been confirmed that the ancient Sumerians were akin to the modern Black Dravidians of India. The Sumerians also had an affinity with a people known as the Elamites, the very first Semitic group mentioned in the Bible (Gen. 10:22). The Elamites were a black-skinned and woolly-haired people as the colorful glazed artwork on the royal palace walls of the ancient Persian city of Susa clearly show.Thus Abraham, the native of Sumerian and the founding father of the Israelite nation, was a black man. The black racial origins of the Patriarchs is not based on mere conjecture, it is in complete agreement with the picture one gets from examining the identity of the earliest inhabitants of southern Mesopotamia.

This truth is grossly neglected, suppressed, and distorted in most European and American historical texts which are flavored with race prejudice. Fortunately, however, there are enough well authored and highly researched works by Black historians that challenge the Eurocentric revisions of history and correct the various erroneous views regarding the ethnic identity of the Hebrews.

Biblical history relates that the descendants of Abraham, namely Jacob (Israel) and his twelve sons and their wives, 70 in all, migrated from Canaan to Egypt around the year 1827 B.C. During their sojourn in Egypt the Children of Israel multiplied from being a family of 70 souls to a nation of over 3 million people at the time of the Exodus which took place in 1612 B.C.

This astounding number of people in so short a time can only be adequately explained by intermarriage between the family of Jacob and the native Egyptian populace. It is an established fact that the ancient Egyptians were a black African people. Thus, even if the Hebrews were not black before they arrived in Egypt, which is unlikely given Abraham’s background, they were definitely black by the time they left Egypt under Moses
[…more…]
Source: Black Hebrew Israelites

• Articles

Biblical Answers for Black Hebrew Israelite Beliefs By the Black Apologetics Ministry
Black Hebrew Israelites (Pro) Brief overview

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“THE DESTRUCTION OF BLACK CIVILIZATION” BY BROTHER CHANCELLOR WILLIAMS: A REVIEW BY SAADIQ MANCE FROM EMERGINGMINDS.ORG

October 1, 2007

from emergingminds.org

Book Review: The Destruction of Black Civilization

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Book written by Chancellor Williams
Reviewed by Saadiq Mance

In the past, I have heard several people refer to The Destruction of Black Civilization, by Chancellor Williams as the “Black Bible.” With such a lofty analogy attached to this book, I wonder to this day why it took me so long to read this amazing story of Black history. Well, Black History Month 2007 would be the year my eyes would be open…and all I can say at this point is thank you Chancellor Williams!

All of my life I have questioned why Black people throughout the world have experienced such a plight and why it has been so difficult for us to overcome it. Well The Destruction of Black Civilization is a book of answers, as it answers most of the major questions that people have about the African race. Such as:

“How did such a highly advanced Black Civilization get so completely destroyed that its people have found themselves not only behind other people of the world, but as well, the color of their skin a sign of inferiority, bad luck, and the badge of the slave whether bond or fee?”

“How did all Black Egypt become all white Egypt?”

“What were some of the specific details in the process that so completely blotted out the achievements of the African race from the annals of history?”

“How and under what circumstances did Africans, among the very first people to invent writing, lose this art almost completely?”

“Is there a single African race, one African people?”

“If we are one race or one people, how do you explain the numerous languages, cultural varieties and tribal groupings?”

“Since, as it seems, that there is far more disunity, self-hatred and mutual antagonism among Blacks than any other people, is there a historical explanation for this?”

“How is the undying love of Blacks for their Europeans and Asian conquerors and enslavers explained?”

Chancellor Williams does not just answers these questions as an arm charm scholar either, no not at all. Williams created this book after 16 years of research which included a precise investigation of Africa’s own independently developed civilization by doing a continent-wide field study from the Mediterranean extending southward down the Nile into the “bush” far way from the westernized urban centers, through the tip of the country in South Africa.

That data he uncovered is startling! If you haven’t read this magnificent work yet then I would suggest you stop reading this right now and go pick up the book and start reading it now

A PRELIMINARY GLOBAL AFRICAN PRESENCEBOOK LIST*,COMPILED AND POSTED BY RUNOKO RASHIDI,SUBMITTED BY BROTHER DARRELL DAVIS TO ” BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL”

September 29, 2007

from Brother Darrell Davis

A PRELIMINARY GLOBAL AFRICAN PRESENCE BOOK LIST*

Compiled and posted by RUNOKO RASHIDI

DEDICATED TO DR. JOHN HENRIK CLARKE (1915-1998)

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Akbar, Na’im. Visions for Black Men. Nashville: Winston-Derek, 1991.

Ani, Marimba. Yurugu: An African-Centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1994.

Armah, Ayi Kwei. Two Thousand Seasons. Poppenguine, Senegal: Per Ankh, 2000.

Begg, Ean. The Cult of the Black Virgin. London: Arkana, 1986.

Ben-Jochannan, Yosef A.A. Black Man of the Nile and His Family. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1989.

Ben-Jochannan, Yosef A.A. African Origins of the Major Western Religions. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1991.

Bennett, Lerone. Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America. Harmondsworth: 1962.

Browder, Anthony Y. Nile Valley Contributions to Civilizations: Exploding the Myths, Volume 1. Introduction by John Henrik Clarke: Washington, DC: Institute of Karmic Guidance, 1992.

Butweiku I, Nana Ekow. Afrikan Theology, Cosmogony & Philosophy: An Insight on Traditional Afrikan Religion. Introduction by Runoko Rashidi. Hampton: UB & US Communications Systems, 1999.

Bynum, Edward Bruce. The African Unconscious: Roots Ancient Mysticism and Modern Psychology. Foreword by Linda James Myers. New York: Teachers College,

Carruthers, Jacob H. The Irritated Genie: An Essay on the Haitian Revolution. Chicago: The Kemetic Institute, 1985.

Carruthers, Jacob H. Intellectual Warfare. Chicago: Third World Press, 1999.

Carruthers, Jacob H., and Leon Harris, eds. African World History Project: The Preliminary Project. Chicago: Kemetic Institute, 1996.

Chandler, Wayne B. Ancient Future: The Teachings and Prophetic Wisdom of the Seven Hermetic Laws of Ancient Egypt. Introduction by Ivan Van Sertima. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1999.

Chinweizu. The West and the Rest of Us. Lagos: Nok Publishers, 1978.

Clarke, John Henrik. Notes for an African World Revolution: Africans at the Crossroads. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1991.

DeGraft-Johnson, J.C. African Glory: The Story of Vanished Negro Civilizations. 1954; reprinted. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1985.

Diop, Cheikh Anta. African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality. Translated from the French by Mercer Cook. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1974,

Diop, Cheikh Anta. The Cultural Unity of Black Africa.: The Domains of Patriarchy and Matriarchy in Classical Antiquity. Introduction by John Henrik Clarke. Afterword by James G. Spady. Chicago: Third World Press, 1978.

Diop, Cheikh Anta. Civilization or Barbarism: An Authentic Anthropology. Translated from the French by Yaa-Lengi Meema Ngemi. Edited by Harold J. Salemson and Marjolijn de Jager. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1991.

Drake, St. Clair. Black Folk Here and There: An Essay in History and Anthropology, Volume 1. Los Angeles: Center for Afro-American Studies, UCLA, 1987,

Elder, Bruce. Blood on the Wattle: Massacres and Maltreatment of Aboriginal Australians Since 1988. Sydney: New Holland Publishers, 1998.

Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1963.

Finch III, Charles S. Echoes of the Old Darkland: Themes from the African Eden. Decatur: Khenti, 1991.

Finch III, Charles S. The Star of Deep of Beginnings: The Genesis of African Science of Technology. Decatur: Khenti, 1998.

Fraser, Rosalie. Shadow Child: A Memoir of the Stolen Generation. Alexandria: Hale & Iremonger, 1998.

Gnammankou, Dieudonne. Pouchkine et le Monde Noir. Paris: Presence Africaine, 1999.

Guillon, Emmanuel. Cham Art: Treasures from the Da Nang Museum, Vietnam. Bangkok: River Books, 2001.

Harris, Joseph E.,ed. Africa and Africans as Seen by Classical Writers: The William Leo Hansberry Notebook, Volume 2. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1977.

Hilliard III, Asa G. The Maroon Within Us. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1994.

Hilliard III, Asa G. SBA: The Reawakening of the African Mind. Foreword by Wade W. Nobles. Gainesville: Makare, 1997

Houston, Drusilla Dunjee. Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Cushite Empire. 1926; rpt. Introduction by W. Paul Coates. Afterword by Asa G. Hilliard III. Commentary by James G. Spady. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1985.

Jackson, John G. Introduction to African Civilizations. Foreword by Runoko Rashidi. Introduction by John Henrik Clarke. New York: Citadel, 2001.

James, George G.M. Stolen Legacy: The Greeks Were not the Authors of Greek Philosophy, but the People of North Africa Commonly Called the Egyptians. 1954; rpt. Introduction by Asa G. Hilliard III. San Francisco: Julian Richardson, 1988.

Katz, William Loren. Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage. New York: Atheneum, 1986.

Killens, John Oliver. Great Black Russian: A Novel on the Life and Times of Alexander Pushkin. Introduction by Addison Gayle. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1989.

Martin, Tony. Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Dover: The Majority Press, 1976.

McCray, Walter Arthur. The Black Presence in the Bible: Discovering the Black and African Identity of Biblical Persons and Nations. Chicago: Black Light Fellowship, 1990.

Moore, Carlos, ed. African Presence in the Americas. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1995.

Obenga, Theophile. Ancient Egypt and Black Africa: A Student’s Handbook for the Study of Ancient Egypt in Philosophy, Linguistics and Gender Relations. London: Karnak House, 1992.

Rajshekar, V.T. Dalit: The Black Untouchables of India. Foreword by Y.N. Kly. Afterword by Runoko Rashidi. Atlanta: Clarity Press, 1995.

Rashidi, Runoko, and Ivan Van Sertima, eds. African Presence in Early Asia. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1995.

Raven, Susan. Rome in Africa. London: Routledge, 1993.

Rodney, Walter. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Introduction by Vincent Harding. Postscript by A.M. Babu. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1982.

Rogers, Joel Augustus. Sex and Race. Rogers: New York 1942.

Rogers, Joel Augustus. World’s Great Men of Color, two volumes. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Sabbioni, Jennifer, Kay Schaffer and Sidonie Smith, eds. Indigenous Australian Voices: A Reader. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

Scobie, Edward. Global African Presence. Introduction by Ivan Van Sertima. Brooklyn: A & B Books, 1994.

Sharp, Saundra. Black Women for Beginners. New York: Writers and Readers, 1993.

Van Sertima, Ivan. They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America. New York: Random House, 1976.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. African Presence in Early Europe. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1985.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Egypt Revisited. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1989.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Golden Age of the Moor. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1992.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Egypt: Child of Africa. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1994.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Early America Revisited. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1998.

Van Sertima, Ivan, and Larry Obadele Williams, eds. Great African Thinkers, Volume 1: Cheikh Anta Diop. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1986.

Welsing, Frances Cress. The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors. Chicago: Third World Press, 1991.

Williams, Chancellor. The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race from 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D. Chicago: Third World Press, 1987.

Wilson, Amos N. Afrikan-Centered Consciousness Versus the New World Order: Garveyism in the Age of Globalism. New York: Afrikan World Infosystems, 1999.

Woodson, Carter G. The Mis-Education of the Negro. Washington, DC: Associated Publishers, 1933.

X, Malcolm. Malcolm X on Afro-American History. New York: Pathfinder, 1970.

ITALIANO # 2

August 12, 2007

FROM google.translate

““QUANDO LA GENTE NERA HA REGOLATO IL MONDO„ DALLA SERIE DI CLEGG A MELANET.COMDEUTSCH: GROSSE BUCHER AUF SCHWARZEN ZIVISATIONEN VON HOMESTEAD.COM„LIBRI GRANDI SULLE CIVILIZZAZIONI NERE DA HOMESTEAD.COM
da: homestead.com

L’origine africana di civilizzazione: Mito o realtà

dal Dott. Cheikh Anta Diop

Egyptology si è sviluppato nell’accordo con lo sviluppo del commercio slave e del sistema coloniale. Era durante questo periodo che l’Egitto è stato preso letteralmente dall’Africa, academically ed ha fatto un’estensione di Europa. In molti sensi l’Egitto è la chiave a storia africana antica. La storia africana è da kilter fino a considerare l’Egitto antico come nazione africana distinta. Il fiume del Nilo ha svolto un ruolo importante nel rapporto nell’Egitto alle nazioni in Africa sudorientale. Durante la storia remota dell’Africa, il Nilo era una strada principale culturale grande su cui gli elementi di civilizzazione sono entrato in e dall’Africa interna. Nel capitolo ha denominato, “nascita del mito del Negro,„ esposizioni del Dott. Diop come la gente africana, di cui le civilizzazioni erano vecchie prima che Europa fosse sopportata, è stata letta sistematicamente dal commento rispettoso di storia umana. Questo esame è continuato nel capitolo denominato, “falsificazione moderna di storia.„ Qui, il Dott. Cheikh Anta Diop si occupa di come gli storici occidentali, dato che i cinquecento anni ultimi hanno scritto o riscritto la storia che glorifica la gente dell’estrazione europea ed hanno storto la storia del resto del mondo. Coloro che legge seriamente questo libro sono dentro per una scossa e un’esperienza ricompensante di imparare. Ciò è un lavoro importante da uno storico africano importante. Infine, la rinascita della storiografia africana da un punto di vista africano ha cominciato e nessun troppo presto.

Girandosi verso la falsificazione principale della storia dell’umanità, come la mette, i underlines di Cheikh Anta Diop che il tempo è venuto portare a giustizia alla corsa del Negro, danno a gente nera il loro accreditamento del debito per condurre il procedere ed ardere una traccia affinchè l’umanità seguano.
L’Egitto rivisitato: Giornale delle civilizzazioni africane

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Una compilazione di molti eruditi grandi che ripartiscono la loro perizia. Questo libro ha molte foto antiche.

Indici:

Corsa ed origine degli Egiziani antichi, i Dynasties neri ed i righelli, la filosofia e scienza degli Egiziani, i saggi vari ed il più.

Gli autori includono: Ivan Van Sertima, Chiekh Anta Diop, basilico Davidson, James Brunson, Bruce Williams, Runoko Rashidi, Chandler del Wayne B., asa G. Hilliard III, Legrand Clegg II, Phaon Goldman (Tarharka), Habib Sy, Theophile Obenga, fringillide del Charles S., Maulana Karenga, Larry Williams, Beatrice Lumpkin ed altri.
Scintilla nera, fuoco bianco: Gli esploratori africani hanno civilizzato Europa antica?

da Richard Poe

In scintilla nera, il fuoco bianco, Richard Poe cerca di oltrepassare le passioni e la politica che circondano questo oggetto. Esamina obiettivamente le edizioni e raggiunge le conclusioni che alcuni possono trovare startling.

Basato su sette anni di ricerca, compreso le interviste approfondite con gli eruditi e gli scienziati principali, la scintilla di nero, fuoco bianco è stata elogiata dagli esperti vari quanto il professor Molefi Kete Asante dell’università del tempiale, lo storico Martin Bernal dell’università de Cornell e l’esploratore norvegese Thor Heyerdahl. Con tutto il suspense di un racconto eccitante di mistero, la scintilla di nero segue una traccia snella degli indizii che conduce dagli altopiani dell’Etiopia alle carriole delle steppe russe. Raduna la storia dimenticata di un’età di esplorazione che si è conclusa quasi 3.000 anni prima di Columbus – un periodo quando l’Egitto ha regolato le onde, l’Africa era la sede imparare e di alimentazione ed Europa una frontiera selvaggia.
Contribuire prego a mantenere i regni neri dell’Africa antica in linea dai libri di acquisto da questa pagina, o potete comprare altri prodotti da Amazon scattandoti su c’è ne dei libri qui sotto. Amazon ha i prezzi eccellenti e servizio veloce.

Compro tutti i miei libri da Amazon, nuovo ed usato.

Wysinger-Redattore del Myra

Gli S.U.A.

Grazie per il vostro supporto.
Prima del pregiudizio di colore: La vista antica dei neri

dal M. franco Snowden

Secondo il Jr. del professor Emeritus Frank M. Snowden, (ab, Ph.D.) la Reparto-lettura di Classicist dell’università del Howard delle fonti, la religione “pionieristica a„ dei Ethiopians ed era chiave all’origine ed alla propagazione di molte delle abitudini che hanno esistito nell’Egitto. Gli Egiziani, è stato discusso, era discendenti dei Ethiopians. Snowden dichiara che il termine Kushites, Nubians, o Ethiopians è all’usato a più o meno allo stesso modo come il termine moderno “ha colorato„, “nero, o Negro„. “Le esperienze negli Africani che hanno raggiunto i puntelli stranieri della Grecia e l’Italia ha costituito un capitolo importante nella storia dell’antichità classica,„ scrive. “Usando la prova dalle figure di cotta di terra, pitture e le fonti classiche gradiscono Herodotus e Pliny il Elder, Snowden risulta, al contrario ai nostri presupposti moderni, che Greco-Romans non ha osservato gli Africani con contempt razziale. Molti Africani hanno lavorato nell’impero romano i musicisti, gli artigianale, gli eruditi ed i General come pure gli schiavi e sono stati notati tanto per la loro virtù quanto per la loro apparenza di avere “una faccia bruciata„ (da quale è venuto il Ethiopian nome greco)„.

Il professor Snowden ha ricevuto la medaglia nazionale di studi umanistici in 2003, che honors gli individui o i gruppi di cui il lavoro ha approfondito la comprensione della nazione degli studi umanistici, cittadini estesi’ aggancio con gli studi umanistici, o aiutato la conserva ed espande accesso degli Americani’ alle risorse importanti negli studi umanistici.
Neri nell’antichità: Ethiopians nell’esperienza Greco-Romana

dal M. franco Snowden

Ulteriore sviluppando i temi così eloquente profili nei neri nell’antichità, Jr. franco del M. Snowden continua le sue ricerche sugli atteggiamenti nei confronti degli Africani nelle civilizzazioni classiche di Roma e della Grecia. Snowden identifica i neri africani dall’Egitto, da Nubia (Sudan moderno), dall’Etiopia e da Carthage (Tunisia), discutere loro interazione-compreso intermarriage-con il Greco-Romans. (Inoltre nota che molte delle rappresentazioni artistiche di questa gente assomigliano agli Americani africani attuali.) dalle missioni commerciali dei dynasties egiziani alla loro conquista della rovina mediterranea ed ultima alle mani del Romans, Snowden unravels una storia complessa degli scambi culturali che hanno acceso per parecchi millenni in où il pregiudizio razziale non era un fattore. “Ci era un rispetto definito fra la gente mediterranea per i Ethiopians ed il loro modo di vivere,„ lui scrive, “e soprattutto, i ancients non hanno stereotipato i neri come primitivi difettosi nella religione e nella coltura.„ – Jr. del Eugene Holley.
Donne nere nell’antichità (giornale delle civilizzazioni africane; V. 6)

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Rassegna del cliente:

Ciò è un libro ricercato e molto da studioso del pozzo. Ivan Van Sertima così come i contributori a questo lavoro ha prodotto molta comprensione sulle donne africane nella storia del mondo come la regina Nzinga, le regine del candace, Makeda (regina di Sheba) Hatshepsut e molti altri. Ritengo che questo lavoro è di importanza grande e dovrebbe essere letto da tutti che siano interessati nel ruolo delle donne africane nella storia del mondo.
La civilizzazione africana ha rivisitato: Da antichità ai periodi moderni

da Basil Davidson

Dal giornale delle biblioteche:

Questo libro, da uno degli storici di primo ministro dell’Africa, è un’edizione un po’modificata ed ampliata di suo l’Africano oltre. Come prima, consiste degli snippets delle materie grezze storiche dall’Africa occidentale, orientale e del sud, dante risalto ai tempi di secolo di pre-19th. Lo studio su storia dell’Africano nero era relativamente nuovo quando questo libro originalmente è stato pubblicato, in modo da era utile come dimostrazione che l’Africa effettivamente ha avuta una storia. Ora, oltre 25 anni più successivamente, si si domanda se il punto deve essere fatto ancora una volta. Eppure, il relativo uso più grande può essere di precisare agli allievi la varietà di fonti disponibili per lo studio su storia africana. Ciò è suggerita per le collezioni che non hanno l’edizione originale.

Paul H. Thomas, Lib dell’installazione del Hoover., Stanford, caloria.
I Pharaohs neri: Righelli di Nubian dell’Egitto

da Robert G. Morkot

Descrizione del libro:

Un’indagine completa sul regno di Kushite, Sudan del Nord attuale, che brevemente ha controllato BC l’Egitto durante l’ottavo secolo ed ha influenzato gli affari egiziani per le centinaia degli anni. Morkot esamina le percezioni antiche ed antiquarian delle terre esotiche di Nubia e dell’Etiopia e tenta di legare le città di Kush al remains archaeological. Una grande parte dei concentrati del libro sul ruolo del Nubians durante i conflitti dell’Egitto con la Libia ed i Assyrians.
Kush – il gioiello di Nubia: Ricollegamento del sistema della radice di civilizzazione africana

da Miriam Ma’ -Ka-Re Monges

Rassegne editoriali

Dalla copertura posteriore

Il Cheikh grande Anta Diop ha identificato le radici di coltura africana da cui una può seguire i rami. Nessun ricercatore africano poiché, tuttavia, ha fornito un’analisi completa che collega le civilizzazioni antiche della valle del Nilo con l’universo africano. Dalle piramidi dell’Egitto alle pareti grandi dello Zimbabwe, gli eruditi occidentali hanno attribuito i successi di queste civilizzazioni africane indigene prodigious alla gente culturalmente e geograficamente straniero in Africa. Tuttavia, nel caso dell’impero antico di Nubian di Kush, che ha occupato la parte del sud di Kemet (Egitto antico) e tutto il Sudan attuale, si invitare gli eruditi ragionevoli ad attribuire questa coltura africana ad una gente africana. Il lavoro tanto necessario attuale segue le comunanze “culturali„ africane del Diop grandi del matriarchy, del totemism, del kinship divine e del cosmology al nucleo stesso della coltura di Kushite. Questo libro è sul filo di lama di nuova generazione della borsa di Afrocentric di cui mandato è fornire un’immagine più libera della natura allineare dell’Africa, esso genius di s e del relativo contributo genuino alle civilizzazioni del mondo.
Il luogo ha modificato 2007

Gli S.U.A.

Distruzione di civilizzazione nera: Emissioni grandi di una corsa da

4500 B.C – 2000 A.D.

da Chancellor Williams

Questo libro senza dubbio è uno dei libri che il più con attenzione ricercati ho letto mai.

Amo il senso che il sig. Williams con attenzione suddivide la storia dell’africano iniziale e le segue durante la loro storia. Fornisce i particolari competenti circa le realizzazioni ed i guasti della gente africana in anticipo. Ci è un tema di riproduzione in questo libro. Gli Africani indigeni guadagnano l’alimentazione e gli Africani indigeni perdono l’alimentazione. Quella dichiarazione riassume questo libro brevemente. Il sig. Williams entra nel particolare spiegare come l’Egitto nero potrebbe essere osservato dal mondo come essendo bianco. Le risposte a questo problema possono essere trovate cominciando dal capitolo due intitolato figlia più anziana dell’Etiopia: L’Egitto. In questo capitolo, propone “il problema del mulatto„ che ritengo sono chiave nel capire come la faccia dell’Africa in anticipo è stata cambiata. Quando altri gruppi di persone sono entrato dall’est gli Africani li hanno permessi di assimilare nella loro coltura. Ci erano molti sindacati interracial, che hanno tenuto conto una miscela delle parentele. Questa miscela delle parentele è che cosa conducono al demise dell’Africano nero totale dichiarano. Periodo ed il periodo di ancora popolano chi non ha fatto una destra naturale di nascita dichiarare affatto all’Africano si è conceduto fare in modo da è stato basato sull’unione o sul kinship. Ecco perchè lo studio del sig. Williams mostra come controllo africano indigeno di flip-flop di alimentazione così frequentemente. Ogni volta che l’Africano indigeno ha preso il controllo dell’Egitto l’alimentazione era cede dovuto i sindacati interracial o il kinship non accennare la violenza e gli atti della guerra. Di nuovo, in molti sensi questo piano d’azione è una riproduzione loro durante questo libro. L’incapacità africana iniziale di tenere sopra a che cosa era naturale suo ha causa altre da dubitare che dovrebbe essere dato dell’accreditamento affatto. Il sig. Williams segue che cosa accadono e fornisce i particolari eccellenti.
Ethiopians meravigliosi dell’impero antico di Cushite, libro 1

da Drusilla Dunjee Houston

I Ethiopians meravigliosi dell’impero antico di Cushite rappresenta il successo crowning della ms Drusilla Dunjee Houston. Il lavoro originalmente è stato pubblicato nella città di Oklahoma in 1926. È il tentativo in primo luogo conosciuto da una donna nera e forse da chiunque, di produrre un lavoro multi-volume su storia africana detta a da una prospettiva africana.

La ms Houston lei stessa era un educatore, un giornalista e uno storico. Ha speso la maggior parte della sua vita Oklahoma ed in Arizona ed ha soccombuto alla tubercolosi a Phoenix, Arizona in 1941.

Il suo lavoro è vasto e completo ed era abbastanza avanzato per il relativo tempo. Il relativo pubblico non è stato limitato agli eruditi ma al layperson, specialmente gente nera, che era necessitante un tonico esatto per amplificare il self-esteem nero. Mantiene persino oggi un valore potente, più di settanta anni dalla relativa pubblicazione iniziale. – Runoko Rashidi
Athena nero: Le radici Afroasiatic di civilizzazione classica

(Il montaggio della Grecia antica 1785-1985)

da Martin Bernal

Diverso di la maggior parte dei detrattori del Martin Bernal, ho letto tutti e tre le dei suoi libri: Athena nero I, Athena nero II e Martin Bernal risponde ai suoi critici. Bernal è miglia davanti al suo peso leggero, critici male colti e reactionary, che non hanno letto ovviamente suo libri là altamente documentati nell’interezza. I suoi detrattori stanno rispondendo ai loro atteggiamenti razzisti, inculcati in loro attraverso la loro coltura, in questi ultimi cinquecento anni (dato che il commercio europeo dello schiavo quando albini tentati per disumanizzare melanics). Se l’arresto degli albini che nega la verità dell’origine di cosiddetta civilizzazione “occidentale„ (tutta la civilizzazione ha uscito dal cuore dell’Africa) ed ha letto la bibliografia di Bernals, lo vedrà che documenta tutto scrive. Alcuni altri albini del non-razzista tutto dovrebbero leggere chi dicono alla verità sono: Gerald Massey, conteggio Volney, Godfrey Higgins, Schwaller de Lubicz per chiamare alcuni. Un certo melanics dovrebbero leggere chi dicono alla verità sono: Indus Khamit Kush, cancelliere Williams, John G. Jackson, Herodotus (Herodotus era asiatico; e così era Thales, il cosiddetto padre di filosofia “europea„. La filosofia provenuta in Africa era Thales imparato la sua filosofia), George G.M. James, Cheikh Anta Diop e John Henrik Clarke. Ci sono molti altri sia melanic che storici albinic quale Martin Bernal che scrivono la verità. Melanics dovrebbe comprare loro e leggere loro automaticamente tutto il libro che è attacato dagli albini. Non credere che qualche cosa gli storici e gli antropologi razzisti dell’albino scrivano circa il melanics. – George Lawrence da Decatur, GA Stati Uniti
I filosofi egiziani: Voci africane antiche da Imhotep a Akhenaten

da Molefi Kete Asante

Filosofi egiziani antichi di Molefi Asante: Da Imhotep a Akhenaten proviene una riparazione attuale di un’omissione seria nella storia umana – i contributi antiquarian dei filosofi africani alla medicina, alla filosofia, alla scienza ed alla nascita di civilizzazione in se. Cominciando con una cronologia dei filosofi antichi del mondo, questa indagine da studioso e superbly messa copre Imhotep e “l’emersione di motivo„, Ptahhotep e “l’ordine morale„, Merikare “sul buonsenso„, così come i contributi e le comprensioni di Akhenaten, Amenemope ed altri di cui il lavoro sia stato ignorato, soppresso, o semplicemente sconosciuto all’accademia basata sulle fonti Greco-Romane e sui dati storici. Filosofi egiziani antichi: Da Imhotep a Akhenaten proviene altamente la lettura suggerita per gli allievi degli studi neri, della filosofia e della storia della scienza. – Rassegna di libro del Midwest
Volume 1 di Metu Neter: Oracle grande di Tehuti e del sistema egiziano

di coltura spiritosa

da Ra Un Nefer Amen

Ciò è conosciuta come il libro. Ciò è il libro che mette la scienza nello spirituality Africano-centrato. Rivelando l’essenza di più vecchia religione nel mondo, il Ra l’ONU Nefer Amen fornisce le chiavi pratiche a sbloccare “i segreti„ dell’universo. Naturalmente, molto sarà mancato dai lettori, perché leggeranno soltanto il libro, ma non applicare i relativi insegnamenti.

La lettura del libro su spirituality non solleva la sua coscienza. L’applicazione degli insegnamenti in Metu Neter.
Eredità rubata

da George G.M. James

Osservazioni dei lettori:

George James dovrebbe essere lodato per il suo brave e lavoro di chiarimento. L’eredità rubata li sfida a riconsiderare molte delle teorie e le ideologie che sono state impressionate su noi attraverso il sistema educativo americano. Ci diciamo a costantemente che i Greci antichi siano stati i creatori di filosofia, della scienza e di molte teorie matematiche, ma non siamo dati una spiegazione sufficiente di come hanno sviluppato queste idee. Infatti, James offre una spiegazione completamente differente per le origini di filosofia. Sostiene che che cosa è stato passato come di filosofia greca, è realmente filosofia rubata dell’Egitto ed è stato passato giù attraverso il sistema egiziano di mistero. Piccolo si è detto a circa le prove egiziane del sistema, ma del James di mistero per spiegare i principi fondamentali di questo sistema e come si è sparso durante il mondo mediterraneo.

Ciò è a deve leggere. Dà un’altra prospettiva all’idea che i Greci hanno generato la filosofia. L’autore analizza parecchi Greci conosciuti compresi Pythagoras, Aristotle e Platone e le loro dottrine per mostrare come sono realmente egiziani in natura. Persino va per quanto a fare alcune raccomandazioni vive su come mentre la gente di umanità, neri in particolare, può contribuire a cambiare l’idea sbagliata di accreditarle a Greci per le realizzazioni abbiamo imparato dagli Africani. (L’Egitto è stato sempre e sempre sarà una nazione africana.)
Egiziani Exiled: Il cuore dell’Africa

da Moustafa Gadalla

Osservazioni dei lettori:

Ho trovato questo libro per essere molto informativo ed apprezzo particolarmente il fatto che l’autore proviene dall’Egitto. Ho comprato tutti i libri offerte di questo fondamento e tutti vivono fino ad un massimo di questa. Inoltre ho trovato la sua testimonianza per essere uno dei la più corrette ed oneste trattando le origini di civilizzazione egiziana.

Leggere un cliente storico conciso e completo dell’Egitto per i 3.000 anni ultimi. Leggere sugli Egiziani antichi dimenticati, che hanno fuggito le invasioni straniere ed i oppressors religiosi. Leggere come hanno ricostruito il sistema di modello degli Egiziani antichi in Africa, quando l’Egitto in se ha stato bene ad una colonia araba. Leggere sugli Egiziani antichi’ sociali, sistemi economici e e politici e la loro applicazione estesa in secondario-Sahara Africa. Scoprire come i jihads islamici hanno spezzettato e disperso il continente africano in miseria ed in caos infiniti. Scoprire le cause ed il dynamics allineare di slavery africano.
Gli Africani che hanno scritto la bibbia

dal Dott. Nana Banchie Darkwah

Critico:

Qui sono le parti di puzzle

Ciò è un libro grande ma ci sono cose che dovete conoscere. Questo libro è scritto basato sulle somiglianze africane di lingua con quelle dell’Africa attuale, dell’Africa antica e delle parole trovate all’interno della bibbia. Con quello detto, ci sono sitings celebri dalle varie nazioni africane durante l’Africa ad ovest.

La cosa che dovrebbe essere notata è che l’autore dichiara chiaramente che la gente ebrea non è gli ebrei originali. L’autore è sotto l’opinione che la gente ebrea originale era gente africana che a sinistra probabilmente durante il cosiddetto Exodus. La gente oggi ebrea come dichiarata all’interno del libro ancora trasporta i nomi africani. Se leggo questo correctl, quello proviene dalla copertura alla copertura senza pagine di salto, questa è che cosa l’autore ha dichiarato all’interno del libro. Ciò è un lavoro letterario eccellente per tutti i discendenti africani perché fa che cosa tante hanno temuto; collega l’Africa attuale e tradizionale agli Africani antichi ed agli Africani che hanno scritto la bibbia.
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Da Babylon a Timbuktu: Una storia delle corse nere antiche compreso gli Ebrei neri

da Rudolph R. Windsor (introduzione), EL Hagahn (Illustrator)

Un Documentary impressionante di storia Africano-Ebraica antica

Critico:

La scoperta quasi delle informazioni di nonexistence sulle corse africane antiche era un piacere. Essendo quello ho intervistato gli ebrei africani io stesso che so che il sig. Windsor ritrae un cliente esatto di Hebrewisms sparso ai quattro angoli della terra. Inoltre riferisce parecchio il verse della bibbia che sostiene la sua idea. Questo libro legge più come un documentary. Dopo che leggendo il cliente biblico delle circostanze che gli Ebrei prophesied per vivere in uno sappia che non ci è senso che gli ebrei nell’Israele oggi potrebbero venire a contatto della guida di riferimento di prophecy dei periodi antichi. Windsor inoltre precisa l’origine delle corse bianche. Comprarlo questi libro e colloqui della prime terra e gente per esercitarsi nel monotheism. Questo libro awesomely riassume la storia dei Israelites neri ed il loro dio straniero nero.
Origini africane importanti “delle religioni occidentali„

da Yosef A.A. Ben-Jochannan, Yosef B. Jochannan

Descrizione del libro:

Le origini africane “delle religioni occidentali„ principali in primo luogo pubblicate in 1970, continua ad essere uno degli impianti diprovocazione del Dott. Ben. Questo esame critico della storia, della credenza e dei miti, remains istruttivo e fresco. Evidenziando le influenze dell’Africano e le radici di queste religioni, il Dott. Ben rivela una storia del untold che molti preferirebbero dimenticare.
Futuro antico: Gli insegnamenti e la saggezza Prophetic delle sette leggi ermetiche dell’Egitto antico

da Wayne Chandler

Commento del lettore:

Ho fatto la mia trasformare vita dalle informazioni informative in questo libro. Questo libro è pieno delle perle illuminanti di conoscenza che possono azionare ones anima e spirito attraverso l’universo della realtà ad un livello di consapevolezza e dello sconosciuto spiritosi di chiarimento agli uomini moderni. con questo futuro antico del libro, il chandler del professore ha posto la stampa blu di giorno moderno per la gente di tutte le origini etniche per rinviare ad una coscienza spiritosa che accerterà la loro sopravvivenza dal venire impulso spiritoso ed elettromagnetico di energia che sta circa per essere liberata sugli abitanti della terra. Parla del oltrepassare la negazione e della ricezione dell’impulso positivo di energia elettromagnetica che sparerà con la nostri mente, corpo, anima e spirito. Se non siamo nel giusto telaio della mente queste energia ed attrazione gravitazionale elettromagnetica indurranno l’umanità a perdere il suo destruct di auto e di mente.

Ciò è a deve leggere il libro per tutte le corse del mondo e dovrebbe essere tradotta in tutte le lingue del mondo. Per il tempo è attuale per noi è circa fornire l’età del Aquarius. Questo futuro antico del libro dal sig. Wayne B. Chandler è allineare un libro prophetic di saggezza e la relativa rivelazione attuale non è coincidente da nessuna stirata dell’immaginazione, ma divinely ispirato entro tutto il (o forza creativa dell’universo) questo futuro antico del libro cambierà per sempre il senso che osservate le civilizzazioni antiche e passate. Inoltre li aiuterà a capire il mindset e lo psyche di altre corse mentre appartiene i loro processi pensanti e le loro reazioni causa ed effetto ed anche i loro profili ancestral storici.
L’Egitto in Africa

da Theodore Celenko (redattore)

Un lettore da Oklahoma:

L’Egitto in Africa è un libro grande basato su un’esposizione grande del museo ed è buono da vederla amazon.com diretto disponibile. Il libro evita i due estremi popolari di rifiutare a tutto l’Africano le radici e di regolazione della civilizzazione egiziana e di sostenere che qualche cosa e tutto utili nella civilizzazione occidentale erano africani in origine. (Questo libro indica chiaramente che l’Africa ha contribuito così tanto che è insensata screditare i relativi reclami validi dall’esagerazione.) preferibilmente il libro è una calma, un obiettivo e un incentivo così come lo sguardo readible e libero all’Egitto nel relativo contesto africano. Se desiderate capire “l’immagine grande„ quando viene nell’Egitto antico, realmente avete bisogno di questo libro. Un professore di storia di arte.
Immagine di HereThe di scatto del nero nell’arte occidentale, volume uno: Dai Pharaohs

alla caduta dell’impero romano

dal Jr. franco, ecc. del M. Snowden.

Durante il quindicesimo secolo BC, i pharaohs del diciottesimo Dynasty hanno stabilito un impero che si estende dal Euphrates fino la cataratta di quarto (Nubia). Le conquiste del sud hanno messo gli Egiziani in contatto diretto con le popolazioni di colore che hanno continuato a resistere a e controbattere. Nel nero precedente di millennio i guerrieri ed i prigionieri erano comparso occasionalmente nell’arte dell’Egitto, di Crete e della Cipro. L’immagine del nero nell’arte occidentale li mostra, dal metà di-quindicesimo secolo alla scatola verniciata del Tutankhamun che descrive i neri in Negroes realistichi di arte ed inequivocabili sempre più ritratti egiziani.
L’Africa: La storia di un continente programma 01-02 (1986)

(VIDEO)

Basilico Davidson del presentatore

Basato in gran parte sulle immagini dalle caverne, piramidi e tombe, differenti ma uguali, nel volume 1 della serie Africa del quattro-video: La storia di un continente, presenti una descrizione delle colture africane in anticipo, con un’introduzione nell’Egitto classico e uno studio più dettagliato di Meroë. Una delle tesi principali del Davidson del basilico del presentatore, sostenuto dalle fonti di periodo sia dall’Africa che da Europa, è che il razzismo non era ordinario nelle interazioni classiche o medioevali fra Europa e l’Africa. episodio eccezionale in serie’ secondo, acquistante padronanza dei fuochi del Davidson, del continente su tre società africane contemporanee e dei sensi che differenti si sono adattati per prosperare nei loro ambienti. Caratterizza la siderurgia ed avanzamenti di azienda agricola della gente di Nok in Nigeria e del sistema elaborato di credenza religiosa del Dogon nel Mali. La discussione sulla gente di Pokat di allevamento del bestiame del Kenia del Nord è allineare eccezionale. Davidson fa un lavoro spettacolare di dimostrazione della complessità elaborata di che cosa può da alcuno erroneamente essere considerato una società primitiva. Le interviste personali affascinanti con una donna di Pokat circa il lavoro delle donne e degli uomini e con un uomo di Pokat circa ché uomo ha bisogno di prima che possa sposarsi sono il punto culminante di questo studio antropologico ben cotto. – Cesalpina Chace

Descrizione:

Per i secoli, l’Africa aveva luogo ravished tramite il commercio dello schiavo, che ha storto nostro parere sulla relativa gente. Nel programma uno, Davidson indica che l’Africa ha provocato alcune delle civilizzazioni più grandi del mondo. Nel programma due, Davidson mette a fuoco su tre Comunità differenti per vedere come la gente africana intaglia fuori un’esistenza in un ambiente spesso ostile.
Aprendosi allo spirito: Mettendosi in contatto con l’alimentazione Healing del Chakras e di Honouring Spirituality africano

da Caroline Shola Arewa

Una guida spiritosa dotata e un padrone di yoga illustra la radice comune di molte delle nostre tradizioni spiritose con la mitologia e lo spirituality dell’Egitto antico, dell’India in anticipo e dell’Africa ad ovest. 8 piastre di colore. 40 disegni a tratteggio.

Descrizione del libro:

I chakras sono rotelle di energia all’interno del corpo. Questo sistema antico è spesso thougth emergere dalle tradizioni yogic dell’India, ma nell’apertura allo spirito, Caroline Shola Arewa esplora l’importanza dei chakras agli Africani ed agli Egiziani antichi. Illustra la radice comune di molte delle nostre tradizioni spiritose con la mitologia e lo spirituality dell’Egitto antico, dell’India in anticipo e dell’Africa ad ovest.
Di acqua e dello spirito: Rituale, magia ed inizio nella durata di uno Shaman africano

da Malidoma Patrice alcuni

Durante gli anni recenti ci è stato un impulso di interesse nella vita e nelle pratiche tribali indigene, poichè la gente occidentale comincia ritenere gli stirrings delle loro proprie anime tribali indigene ed andare cercare le risposte a coloro che ancora possiede il collegamento con la terra e lo spirito. Mentre mólto è stato pubblicato circa l’americano natale (sia nord che verso il sud), il tibetano, Altaic, ecc. celtico, la vita tribale, piuttosto piccola è conosciuto circa l’Africa. Malidoma un certo libro quindi fornisce un contributo di ispirazione altamente e di benvenuto.

Tutto il westerner che ha ha desiderato mai sapere un Africano pensa dovrebbe leggere questo libro.
Introduzione alle civilizzazioni africane

da John G. Jackson, Runoko Rashidi, John Henrik Clarke (introduzione)

Osservazioni del cliente:

Ciò è un libro eccellente, esso spiega la storia allineare della gente africana. Si occupa del gran numero di distorsione e come la gente africana è stata scritta di storia. Causa di slavery, di razzismo e di propaganda bianca di supremist. Si occupa dell’Etiopia e dell’origine di civilizzazione, mostrante come il primo umano eretto dall’Africa. Se l’Africa desse alla luce all’umanità allora è logico accettare il fatto che l’Africa ha dato alla luce a civilizzazione. Parla dell’Etiopia, l’Egitto antico e Nubia, il Ghana, il Mali, Songhay, ecc. Lui esposizioni sistematiche come gli Africani persino agganciati in mare voyages con prova e prova ampie. Ciò è un eccellente, un obiettivo e un libro bene arrotondato.

Il sig. Jackson non era giusto un erudito in grado, ma era un produttore notevole. Questo libro, come sono i suoi altri (le ho lette tutte), è molto facile da leggere, mai non superando le teste di quelli appena informati delle molte funzioni di storia africana di cui si occupa. I suoi capitoli “sull’Egitto e sullo sviluppo di civilizzazione„ e “l’Africa e la civilizzazione di Europa„ valgono l’intero prezzo del libro. L’introduzione, dal Dott. ritardato John Henrick Clarke, è una dei la cosa migliore che abbia letto. L’introduzione alle civilizzazioni africane è ben documentata ed è, nel mio parere, un classico scritto da un gigante accademico.
Corsa: Realtà delle differenze umane

dal professor Vincent Sarich & Miele franco

Sarich, un’università di California, antropologo emeritus del Berkeley e Miele, un redattore dello scomparto scettico, non possono resistere a denominare la vista corrente che “la corsa non esiste„ a “dogma del pc.„ Rendono valido, se non convincendo, discussioni del loro caso in tre zone. Corsa come concetto, discutono, considerevolmente antedates Europa coloniale, presentante tali esempi come “tomba egiziana con quattro corse„ (poichè un titolo denomina una pittura della tomba) che può indicare “su consapevolezza„ della differenza, ma se quella consapevolezza correla ai concetti “della corsa„ mentre remains attualmente definito indimostrato. Parecchi capitoli sono continuare pesante DNA-hanno basato la ricerca sull’origine e la differenziazione dei sapiens di Homo, qui interpretata come ramificandosi fuori dagli altri hominids abbastanza recentemente per fare le differenze fra il minore della gente molto ma, punto di vista negli autori’, significativo. Si muovono dal progetto umano del Genome nella loro sezione finale, in cui le differenze nell’intelligenza si dicono per correlare ad un concetto della corsa (ma non si dicono essere una giustificazione per distinzione). Questa ultima discussione è affermata su che cosa sembrerà a molti lettori ch’una fede eccessiva nel quoziente d’intelligenza esamina.

Gli autori accetta la teoria dell’Fuori-de-Africa delle origini umane basate su DNA, mtDNA e

Dati del cromosoma di Y. Mostrano come quei dati sostengono la teoria dell’Fuori-de-Africa.
Scattar qui
Religioni & filosofia africane

da John S. Mbiti

Le religioni e la filosofia africane è uno studio sistematico sugli atteggiamenti della mente e della credenza che si sono evoluti nelle molte società dell’Africa. In questa seconda edizione, il Dott Mbiti ha aggiornato il suo materiale per includere la partecipazione delle donne nella religione e l’unità potenziale da trovare in che cosa si è pensato una volta per essere una massa di religioni abbastanza separate.

Mbiti aggiunge una nuova dimensione alla comprensione della storia, pensare e della vita durante il continente africano. La religione si avvicina a da un punto di vista africano ma è accessibile ai lettori che appartengono alle società non-Africane come sono a coloro che si è sviluppato in su nelle nazioni africane.

Dalla relativa prima pubblicazione, questo libro è stato riconosciuto poichè il lavoro standard nel campo dello studio ed esso è lettura essenziale per chiunque interessato della religione africana, della storia, della filosofia, dell’antropologia o degli studi africani generali.
Concezioni del dio nell’Egitto antico: Quello ed i molti

da Erik Hornung, John Baines (traduttore)

Il libro di Egyptologist Joseph Erik il Hornung suggerito Yurco franco ritardato, concezioni del dio nell’Egitto antico: Quello ed i molti, tradotto da John Baines (Ithaca: Pressa dell’università de Cornell, 1982). Ha spiegato, gli Egiziani antichi hanno creduto che il dio potrebbe rivelarsi o lei stessa in tutta la funzione che hanno scelto. Quindi, il dio, il Re, ha fatto 76 illustrare forme differenti, nelle tombe di Ramesside, ma potrebbe anche essere osservato come il disc solare, con lo scarab e la forma ram-diretta dentro; per un’espressione di Trinitarian del dio del sole, con riferimento, di giorno, Khepri a di mattina; Aten al mezzogiorno; e Re-Harakhti nella sera. Altri deities importanti inoltre hanno avuti forme multiple, per esempio Hathor, che potrebbero essere una mucca piena nella forma, o una donna con gli orecchi della mucca, o una donna completamente umana, o una donna in un albero che offre l’acqua fredda ai defunti. In una storia compare ad un herdsman, con un cappotto furry che lo spaventa dai suoi spiriti, ma il seguente giorno, compare come donna bella, con capelli lunghi.

È questo senso di identificare i deities che hanno dato agli Egiziani la capacità di interscambiare le immagini, tuttavia le vede come uno o più deities, o unisce i deities differenti in uno, per esempio Amun-Re, unendo Amun con i Re. Così ugualmente i goddesses hanno avuti l’alimentazione esprimersi nelle forme differenti. Ecco perché Mut può avere testa del lioness’, o una testa umana, porta la doppia parte superiore, o un disc solare quando nella forma di leonine. Il libro del Hornung pone questo fuori in dettaglio bello.

Un altro libro che il Dott. Yurco ha suggerito quando ha insegnato i corsi sulla religione egiziana antica è Siegfried Morenz, religione egiziana, tradotta da Ann Keep (Ithaca: Pressa dell’università de Cornell, 1976).
Civilizzazioni antiche dell’Africa

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 2)

dal G. Mokhtar

Pubblicato: 1990

Il volume II riguarda il periodo che comincia alla fine dell’era Neolithic, intorno all’ottavo millennio prima della nostra era. Questo periodo di circa nove mila anni di storia si è suddiviso in quattro zone geograophical importanti, dopo il modello di ricerca storica africana. Capitoli 1 – copertura 12 il corridoio del Nilo, dell’Egitto e del Nubia. I capitoli 13 – 16 si riferiscono agli altopiani etiopici. I capitoli 17 – 20 descrivono la zona dell’Africa più successivamente denominata il Maghrib e la relativa retroterra di Saharan ed i capitoli 21 – 20, il resto dell’Africa così come alcune delle isole nell’Oceano Indiano.

La proporzione di volume di gran lunga più grande II è dedicata alla civilizzazione antica dell’Egitto a causa del relativo posto preponderante nella storia remota dell’Africa.
Città perse dell’Africa

da Basil Davidson (autore)

Descrizione del libro:

Unendo la prova archeological e la ricerca da studioso, Davidson illustra lo sviluppo emozionante dei regni ricchi delle città perse dell’Africa, quindici cento anni prima che le navi europee in primo luogo siano venuto ai puntelli africani.

Inganno storico: La storia di Untold dell’Egitto antico

da Moustafa Gadalla

Inganno storico: La storia di Untold dell’Egitto antico fornisce uno studio fresco, emozionante e lettore-amichevole su storia egiziana antica – una storia che ha sofferto dai pregiudizi ingrained degli eruditi religiosi (cristiano, ebreo, musulmani) che negano che l’Egitto è la fonte delle loro dottrine religiose (particolarmente monotheism); ed eruditi rationalist che negano l’esistenza di scienza e di filosofia prima dei Greci. L’inganno storico è una correzione tanto necessaria a moltissime distorsione, soppressione e smentita storiche. L’inganno storico è un vivace, un aggancio, una stimolazione, una lettura provocatoria, lle facili da leggere e difficile posare.

Commento dei lettori:

Questo testo presenta le informazioni storiche bene basate che bene-sono ricercate e chiaramente comprensibile concernente la cronologia degli eventi biblici e dei partecipanti. Citando le fonti quali il Koran, il Torah, il Talmud, il testo ebraico di Massoretic di vecchio testamento ed il testo greco di Septuagint di vecchio testamento, con un gran numero di riferimenti agli impianti storici più moderni, l’autore fornisce una spiegazione realistica e ragionevole per molti puzzle biblici e contraddizioni apparenti.
L’età dorata di attracco (giornale delle civilizzazioni africane,

Volume 11, caduta 1991)

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Brani:

Chi sono questi attraccano? Attracca sono gente nera indigena in Mauritania. “Il sig. Chandler ci dice che di una corsa differente di attracchi chi sono stati conosciuti come Garamantes/Caucasians, intermarried con il nero attracca, così si è trasformato in nel tawny del `attracca’ o il bianco del `attracca’.„

Secondo l’antropologo, Dana Reynolds, il Berbers nero originale, che è stato denominato attracca, era gli antenati africani del nord della gente oggi scuro-marrone e scuro-nera del Sahara e del Sahel, pricipalmente quelli ha denominato Fulani, il Tuareg, Zenagha del Marocco del sud, Kunta e Tebbu dei paesi del Sahel così come altri arabi neri ora che vivono in Mauritania e durante il Sahel, includono Trarza della Mauritania e del Senegal, il Mogharba così come le dozzine di altre tribù sudanesi, il Chaamba del Ritaglio e dell’Algeria. Oltre al suo studio molto dettagliato sulle origini e sulle affiliazioni di varie tribù, precisa che gli Africani coinvolgere nell’occupazione Moorish di Iberia non hanno sviluppato appena le cose notevoli in Europa ma anche nelle loro terre natali. Hanno fondato e costruito molte città industrious e prosperose dappertutto il nord dell’Africa e come estremo verso il sud come Timbuktu. Le rovine dei loro molti castelli possono essere viste tanto in Africa del Nord quanto in Andalusia.

Il Westerners ha scelto concentrarsi sul mondo più recente dell’arabo e della gente Berber-parlante e presentarlo come se fosse un mondo che è stato sempre. “È come paragonare il Aztecs di cinquecento anni fa alla miscela etnica dell’America oggi,„ ha scritto Reynolds. “La storia di quando l’Africa del nord era Moorish e l’Arabia, la terra di Saracens, ha ancora dirsi a.„
Oromia: Un’introduzione alla storia della gente di Oromo

da Gadaa Melbaa

Descrizione del libro:

Un cliente della lotta della gente di Oromo per affermare il loro posto nella storia. Il Oromo compone una parte significativa del corno della popolazione dell’Africa. Oromia è un titolo usato per riferirsi al Oromo come entità politica, culturale e sociale. Vivendo nelle nazioni africane orientali, la gente di Oromo è in gran parte sconosciuta a la maggior parte del mondo; questo lavoro alza in su la gente, la loro coltura e le loro lotte.

All’interno del libro di Petrie, una storia dell’Egitto (1896) accennano un gruppo di persone nell’Egitto antico dal nome del Galla Oromo anche denominato. Petrie ha scritto: “Lungamente è stato fa rilevato che gli sphinxes neri, più successivamente appropriati dal Hyksos, avvicinato al tipo del Galla di Abyssinia„.

“Questo inizia un’inchiesta come il collegamento del Galla potrebbe comparire così sui monumenti. Nella distanza e nella progettazione delle tombe della roccia a Qau, Antaeopolis, il programma particolare di quelle tombe, con i corridoi grandi e piccoli gli alloggiamenti annessi, sono stati osservati per essere molto attentamente paralleli a quello delle tempie successive di Nubian. In sia tomba che tempiale il lavoro principale è nella roccia compatta, mentre il forecourt è della massoneria costruita davanti esso. Un’altra caratteristica era martello-funziona uno scavo di una tomba, che evidentemente era stato fatto con le sfere di pietra, come nel funzionamento del granito di Aswan e questa implica un collegamento del sud. Questa gente non compare in alcune annotazioni e tutti i loro monumenti sono stati reappropriated. Hanno andato, tuttavia, uno stile il più notevole della scultura, negli sphinxes che più successivamente sono stati rimossi a Tanis, ma sembra originalmente venire dal EL Kab, dove una parte di un tal sphinx è stata trovata. Il tipo è molto attentamente come quello del Galla. La prova che tutte le sculture più in anticipo di Tanis sono state raccolte là da Ramessu II sembra chiara; e che questi sphinxes sono più in anticipo di il Hyksos è determinato da quei re che li appropriano. Nessun periodo sembra così probabile per loro come il settimo – i decimi dynasties. Il tipo era pesante barbuto, con capelli folti„. Petrie, 1896
L’Africa dal settimo all’undicesimo secolo

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 3)

dal I. Hrbek

Pubblicato: 1992

Il periodo coperto nel volume III è dominato da due movimenti del maggiore e da importanza lating nella storia dell’Africa. L’influenza di Islam stava aumentando di nord e di ovest; stava interagendo con coltura africana tradizionale. Nel sud ci era l’espansione Bantù.

Il libro primo dispone l’Africa nel contesto di storia del mondo all’apertura del settimo secolo, prima di esaminare l’effetto generale della penetrazione islamica, l’espansione continua della gente Bantù-parlante e lo sviluppo delle civilizzazioni nelle zone di Sudanic dell’Africa ad ovest.

Capitoli dettagliati che discutono i dynasties islamici successivi dell’Africa del nord e dei loro contatti più larghi, Nubia cristiano, le civilizzazioni dei savannas, delle foreste e del litorale dell’Africa ad ovest, il corno dell’Africa e dello sviluppo interno e dei contatti internazionali del Madagascar.

Tre capitoli concludenti seguono il diaspora africano in Asia, esaminano i rapporti internazionali e la diffusione di tecnologia e delle idee in Africa e valutano l’effetto generale del periodo su storia africana.
Il congresso generale dell’organizzazione educativa, scientifica e culturale di Nazioni Unite (Unesco) alla relativa sedicesima sessione ha insegnato al Direttore Generale ad intraprendere la progettazione di una storia generale dell’Africa. L’operazione enorme di effettuare il progetto è stata affidata a ad un comitato scientifico internazionale che è stato istituito dal bordo esecutivo in 1970. Il comitato ha deciso presentare il covering del lavoro in tre milione anni di storia africana in otto volumi, ciascuno che contengono circa quattrocento pagine di testo con le illustrazioni, le fotografie, i programmi ed i disegni a tratteggio. La storia generale dell’Africa inoltre mette chiaramente in evidenza i rapporti dell’Africa con l’Asia del sud attraverso l’Oceano Indiano ed i contributi africani ad altre civilizzazioni con gli scambi reciproci.

La storia generale dell’Africa è, in una larga misura, una riflessione fedele del senso in cui gli autori africani osservano la loro propria civilizzazione. Con la nomina del comitato scientifico internazionale dei 39 membri, due terzi africano ed un terzo non-Africano, che assume la responsabilità intellettuale della storia generale dell’Africa.
“Uno dei progetti accademici più ambiziosi da intraprendere in questo secolo.„
L’Africa nel diciannovesimo secolo fino al 1880s

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 4)

dal J.F. Ade Ajayi

Pubblicato: 1998

Coperture del volume VI la storia dell’Africa dall’inizio del diciannovesimo secolo all’inizio “dello scramble„ europeo per il territorio coloniale nel 1880s.

Nonostante un commerciale europeo crescente, la presenza religiosa e politica durante il secolo, influenze esterne è stata ritenuta indirettamente dalla maggior parte delle società africane ed hanno fatto una varietà dei tentativi culturalmente distintivi di modernizzare, espandersi e svilupparsi. Due serie di eventi influenti – il Mfecane in Africa del sud con le relative ramificazioni centrale ed in Africa orientale ed i movimenti dei reformers musulmani in Africa ad ovest – dovuti piccolo o niente ad influenza ed alle figure straniere prominente in otto dei capitoli.

The book opens with four thematic chapters examining the major forces at work in African society at the beginning of the century; Africa’s changing role in the world-economy; new trends and processes; and the effects of the abolition of the slave trade. These are followed by twenty-three chapters detailing developments in the various regions. Two concluding chapters trace the African diaspora and assess the state of the Continent’s political, economic and cultural development on the eve of the European conquest.
Daily Life of the Nubians

by Robert Steven Bianchi

Published: 2004

Description:

Until recently little was known about ancient Nubia and day-to-day lives of the Nubian people aside from knowing it was a civilization contemporary with, distinct from, and living under the shadow of Ancient Egypt. Nubia existed from about 3500-300 BCE, close to 3,000 years. Thanks to recent massive archeological surveys, we now have a much clearer picture of Nubian civilization, what they ate, how they dressed, how they cared for their dead, their military triumphs and defeats, where their cities were built, and what they looked like. Of course they underwent dramatic changes over time, and these are noted where appropriate. Though often confused with the Ethiopians of Greek lore, little doubt remains that Nubians were in fact black African peoples, and their civilization has been claimed by many as proof of a sophisticated and ancient black African society.

For ease of use by students, the work is organized chronologically. Each chapter is divided into convenient subheads that detail military and warfare, government, language, relations with neighboring civilizations; work and the economy, engineering and architecture, housing, transportation, family life, life cycle events, women’s roles, art, music and dance, literature, science, and religion. It includes a historical timeline of Nubian history, a glossary of Nubian terms, and a bibliography for further reading. Throughout the work, Bianchi, an expert on the Nubians, shows how the modern world has little by little come to discover and recognize the distinctiveness and importance of Nubia in ancient history. This work will replace all earlier resources on Nubian life and will provide school and public librarians with the most up-to-date and historically correct information on the Nubians.
Greater Ethiopia : The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society

by Donald N. Levine

Published: 2000

Editorial Reviews:

Greater Ethiopia combines history, anthropology, and sociology to answer two major questions. Why did Ethiopia remain independent under the onslaught of European expansionism while other African political entities were colonized? And why must Ethiopia be considered a single cultural region despite its political, religious, and linguistic diversity?

Donald Levine’s interdisciplinary study makes a substantial contribution both to Ethiopian interpretive history and to sociological analysis. In his new preface, Levine examines Ethiopia since the overthrow of the monarchy in the 1970s.

“Ethiopian scholarship is in Professor Levine’s debt. . . . He has performed an important task with panache, urbanity, and learning.”–Edward Ullendorff, Times Literary Supplement

“Upon rereading this book, it strikes the reader how broad in scope, how innovative in approach, and how stimulating in arguments this book was when it came out. . . . In the past twenty years it has inspired anthropological and historical research, stimulated theoretical debate about Ethiopia’s cultural and historical development, and given the impetus to modern political thinking about the complexities and challenges of Ethiopia as a country. The text thus easily remains an absolute must for any Ethiopianist scholar to read and digest.”-J. Abbink, Journal of Modern African Studies

Culture and Customs of Egypt (Culture and Customs of Africa)

by Molefi K. Asante

Book Description:

Modern Egypt blends African history and geography with Arab culture and religion. With its position at the crossroads of Africa, its status as a major Islamic nation, and continuing interest in its ancient monuments, Egypt makes for fascinating study. This volume provides an accessible, up-to-date overview of a society that greatly evolved, yet retains traces of attitudes and behaviors from the days of the Pharaohs.

About the Author:

Molefi Kete Asante is Professor, Department of African American Studies, Temple University. He is the author of more than 50 books, including The Egyptian Philosophers (2000).

Upper Egypt: Life Along the Nile

by Nicholas S. Hopkins (Editor)

Book Description:

Upper Egypt. Life along the Nile describes life in the southern part of Egypt in the twentieth century. The book represents some of the most recent social and cultural research in the area, and it focuses on aspects of Egypt that tend to disappear in the background of the attractions that tourists see. The authors have done field research in Upper Egypt. This is one of the few recent books contributing to our understanding of this neglected region, which is based on first hand knowledge of local conditions. The book contains articles on agriculture and irrigation, language, religious life among Muslims and Christians, Sufism, customary law, crafts and craftsmen, and tribalism.

Book has lots of photos of modern Egyptians.
Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile

Excellent coffee table book: 12.5 x 9.4 x 1.4 inches; Sudan possesses, among other things,

223 pyramids. This book has 400 pages of color photos of Nubian Kings & Queens, and their artifacts and treasures. Nubian photos you will not find on the internet.

Contents: The Prehistory of Sudan; 6,000 years ago; A-Group and Pre-Kerma; The First Kingdoms;

C-Group; The Kingdom of Kerma; Egypt in Sudan; The Image of the Nubian in Egyptian Art; Napata and the Kushite Dynasty; Kings of the Sacred Mountain; Napata and the Kushite Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt; The Kingdom of Napata and Meroe; The Kingdom of Meroe; Meroitic Writing and Language; The Meroitic Pantheon; Meroitic Treasure; Meroitic Ceramics; Meroe and Hellenism;

Late Meroitic Culture; Meroitic Architecture

Authors: Salah Mohamed Ahmed; Charles Bonnet; Fredrich Hinkel; Hassan Hussein Idris; Timothy Kendall; Lech Krzyzaniak; Jean Leclant; Karl-Heinz Priese; Jacques Reinold; Dietrich Wildung
Early Art and Architecture of Africa (Oxford History of Art)

by Peter Garlake

“There is nothing else like it. A sure guide to the Africa of ancient marvels and scenes of confrontation in times and places long forgotten or unknown.” Basil Davidson

This new history of over 5000 years of African art reveals its true diversity for the first time. Challenging centuries of misconceptions that have obscured the sophisticated nature of African art, Peter Garlake uses the latest research and archaeological findings to offer exciting new insights into the period between 20,000 BC and 1500 AD. All the main regions are covered: southern Africa, Nubia, Aksum, the Niger River, West Africa, Great Zimbabwe, and the East African coast.

Acknowledging the universal allure of the African art object, this book restores it to its original social and historical context, helping us to understand more about the ways in which this art was produced, used, and received.

• 112 illustrations with 64 in full colour

• Invaluable guides to museums, galleries, and websites
The Nubian Past: An Archaeology of the Sudan

by David N. Edwards

348 pages

Routledge (October 30, 2004)

In this book David Edwards, a distinguished specialist in Sudanese archaeology, provides the readers with a very useful and exhaustive outline of the history of the Sudan during the Holocene (from c. 10,000 BC to the present), mainly on the basis of the archaeological evidence which has been brought to light in the last thirty years.

The book is divided into nine chapters about the following topics: Nubia, the Sudan and

Sudanic Africa; Hunters, fishers and gatherers (c. 10,000–5000 BC); The Neolithic (c. 5000–3000 BC);

Kerma and Bronze Age Kush; The Kushite Revival (XXV Dynasty and kingdom of Napata);

Meroitic Kush (c. 300 BC–AD 350); Post-Meroitic transitions (c. AD 350–550); Medieval Nubia

(c. AD 500–1500); and Post-medieval Sudan and Islam (c. AD 1500–1900).

The Rescue of Jerusalem: The Alliance Between Hebrews

and Africans in 701 B.C.

(Paperback – 444 pages – Soho Press (April 1, 2003)

by Henry T. Aubin

From Library Journal:

Aubin argues that the Kushite rescue of Jerusalem from certain annihilation in 701 B.C.E. instigated the Jewish concept of being God’s “elect” and was therefore a seminal event in the development of Zionism. Dealing competently with the biblical and historical sources despite what some might see as a lack of formal training in this area (he is a journalist instead of a historian, though he did do graduate work in history at the University of Strasbourg), Aubin asserts that the Kushites black Africans who ruled Egypt at this time saved the city from destruction by the Assyrians. According to Aubin, historians accepted this view until the late 19th century, when colonialism impinged on the European perception of these events; suddenly, the theory that an epidemic weakened the Assyrian army rose to prominence. Aubin asserts that this was one of the most important battles in history; had the Assyrians wiped out Jerusalem, there would have been no Christianity or Islam. Whether or not one accepts his conclusions, this work is a wonderful exercise in historiography. Recommended for all academic libraries. Clay Williams, Hunter College Library, City University New York
The Nubian Pharaohs: Black Kings on the Nile

by Dominique Valbelle & Charles Bonnet

Product Details:

Hardcover; 216 pages

Published: February 2007

Description:

In 2003, a Swiss archaeological team working in northern Sudan uncovered one of the most remarkable Egyptological finds in recent years. At the site known as Kerma, near the third cataract of the Nile, archaeologist Charles Bonnet and his team discovered a ditch within a temple from the ancient city of Pnoubs, which contained seven monumental black granite statues. Magnificently sculpted, and in an excellent state of preservation, they portrayed five pharaonic rulers, including Taharqa and Tanoutamon, the last two pharaohs of the ‘Nubian’ Dynasty, when Egypt was ruled by kings from the lands of modern-day Sudan. For over half a century, the Nubian pharaohs governed a combined kingdom of Egypt and Nubia, with an empire stretching from the Delta to the upper reaches of the Nile.

The seven statues, with their exquisite workmanship, transform our understanding of the art of this period. In particular, the colossal statue of Taharqa–almost certainly done by an Egyptian sculptor–is a masterpiece of stone artwork. Beautifully illustrated with over 170 color photographs, The Nubian Pharaohs illuminates the epic history of this little-known historical era, when the pharaohs of Egypt came from Sudan. In this major new book, which combines the latest archaeological research with stunning photography, Charles Bonnet and Dominique Valbelle narrate the incredible story of their discovery–one that will change our understanding of Egypt and Africa in the ancient world.
Genesis of the Pharaohs

by Toby Wilkinson

Product Details: 208 pages; (2003)

Peer Review Excerpt:

Genesis of the Pharaohs: Genesis of the ‘Ka’ and Crowns?

by Timothy Kendall, Archaeologist

In his Genesis of the Pharaohs, Toby Wilkinson shines new light on the Predynastic by demonstrating that the majority of rock drawings in the Eastern Desert of Upper Egypt date to Naqada I (c. 4000–3500 BC). Since the petroglyphs depict wild African fauna, hunters with bows and dogs, and men herding cattle, it is clear that the now nearly lifeless region up to 100 km east of the Nile between Quft and Hierakonpolis was at this time a well-watered, well-populated, game-rich savanna. That the rock artists were not mere isolated pastoralists but also part-time Nile dwellers is evident because their works commonly include boats. This implies that the artists probably moved from river to range in seasonal cycles. Because of this, and the fact that so many of the drawings echo subjects in later Egyptian art, Wilkinson makes a compelling case that the rock artists were the ancestors of the dynastic Egyptians. His conclusion: “the heavy reliance of these people on herding and hunting rather than agriculture suggests that their roots — and indeed the roots of Egyptian civilization — lay not so much along the Nile but in the pre-arid Sahara.”
Learn to read hieroglyphics

Egyptian Language Easy Lessons in Egyptian Hieroglyphics

by E. A. Wallis Budge (The father of Egyptology)

This remains the classic introductory volumn for beginners.

also purchase:

Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Vols 1 & 2 by E. A. Wallis Budge

This should be on every students shelf.

King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba

by Blu Greenberg, Linda Tarry, Avi Katz (Illustrator)

Reading level: Ages 4-8

Reviewer:

I picked up this book at the library as reading material for my 17-month-old son. He (and I) loved the illustrations. I appreciated it being a real Bible story, and a history lesson–marvelously illustrated in 48 pages; but this books goes where most authors and illustrators don’t. You won’t see this version of the story in movie theatres. I did additional research to verify the accuracy of its’ contents and I discoverd everything to be valid. This book should be read by all African-American children (and adults). They won’t read about their kings and queens in textbooks as others are portrayed–which is a dis-service to their culture. I purchased three copies for myself and will be purchasing more as gifts.

Sudan Ancient Treasures: An Exhibition Of Recent Discoveries

From The Sudan National Museum

by Derek A. Welsby (Editor), Julie R. Anderson (Editor)

Published: 2004

Hardcover: 336 pages; Over 300 color photos of artifacts

Description:

A comprehensive survey of Sudanese ancient cultures, the history of archaeology in Sudan, current work and recent trends. The Sudan is the largest country in Africa. For millennia it has been the zone of contact between the peoples of Central Africa and those emanating from the Mediterranean world. The National Museum in Khartoum houses one of the finest collections of antiquities from the Nile Valley and is of international importance; however, the vast quantity of material is in store and has rarely if ever been seen by the public. This exhibition will seek to display some of the finest objects produced during all phases of human settlement from the Palaeolithic through to the Islamic period.
Ancient African Metallurgy: The Sociocultural Context

by Michael S. Bisson, S. Terry Childs, Philip De Barros, Augustin F. C. Holl, and

Joseph O. Vogel (Foreword, Editor)

Book Description:

Gold. Copper. Iron. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both public lore and extensive archaeological investigation. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: Where how and when was metal first introduced to the continent? How were iron and copper tools, implements, and objects used in everyday life, in trade, in political and cultural contexts? What role did metal objects play in the ideological systems of precolonial African peoples? Substantive chapters address the origins of metal working and the technology and the various uses and meanings of copper and iron. An ethnoarchaeological account in the words of a contemporary iron worker enriches the archaeological explanations. This book provides a comprehensive, timely summary of our current knowledge. This volume will be of great value to scholars and students of archaeology, African history, and the history of technology.

This entry was posted on Wednesday, April 11th, 2007 at 6:50 pm and is filed under THE DRAVIDIANS WERE(ARE) BLACK!, THE ANCIENT ELAMITES WERE BLACK!, THE SUMERIANS WERE BLACK!, BLACKS IN CUBA, BLACKS IN MELANESIA, BLACKS IN MEXICO, BLACK CIVILIZATIONS, BLACKS IN FRANCE, BLACKS IN EUROPE, THE OLMECS WERE BLACK!, BLACK BOOKS YOU MUST READ!, BLACKS IN INDIA, BLACK CHILDREN, BLACK MEN, BLACK CULTURE, BLACK PEOPLE, BLACK WOMEN, THE BLACK RACE, THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS WERE BLACK!, THE ANCIENT JEWS WERE BLACK!, BLACK RELIGION, BLACK NATIONALISM, AFRICA. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

One Response to “GREAT BOOKS ON BLACK CIVILIZATIONS FROM HOMESTEAD.COM”
Mary Ann Says:

July 5th, 2007 at 3:10 pm
I am wanting to purchase the book: Melanin: The Chemical Key To Black Greatness The Series

Please respond to this email address if you know where copies can be purchased: mm3038thrives@aol.com

Thanks

BLACKED OUT THROUGH WHITEWASH,PART 1,BY SUZAR.COM

April 24, 2007

from: stewartsynosis.com

[Home] [Site Index] [Synopsis 1] [Synopsis 2] [Synopsis 3] [Synopsis 4] [Synopsis 5] [Synopsis 6] [Africans’ Bible] [Warren G. Harding] [High Tech Jesus] [DNA a M Fu#$%&] [New White Race] [ME Booksellers] [Beheaded] [Author’s Notes] [Feedback Form]

Blacked Out Through Whitewash (1992)

Part I:
Exposing the Greatest Cover- ups in “His-Story”

by: Suzar

(Because the need is critical this book may be copied and distributed. Sections of this book may be copied as long as credit is given to the book or author).
Like Christ, ALL founders of world religions on ALL continents were BLACK and “woolly” haired, including the earliest gods.
Buddha was Black! That’s why his woolly hair is always shown in small tight curls, peppercorn style or cornrows. Early sculptures of him clearly reveal his Aficoid features …wide nose and full lips. So was Zaha of Japan, Fu-Hsi of China, Tyr of Scandinavia, Quetzalcoatl of Mexico, Sommonacom of Siam and Isis of Egypt and Rome. Krishna of India was “blue-black,” in fact his means black, or the Black One! (See dictionary). He is always portrayed with blue or blue-black skin.

Mohammed, founder of Islam was also ‘bluish’ in color with ‘frizzy’ hair. His grandfather was “black as the night.”

Moses was Black according to Mohammedan tradition and early portraits. His hand would turn white, then back to his “other flesh” when God wished to give him a sign. (Ex. 4:6,7).

Lao Tse of Taoism was “a divine incarnation …born of a virgin black in complexion and as beautiful as jasper.” (Thorton: History of China Vol. 1) The chief title of Osiris, the greatest of Egyptian gods means “Lord of the Perfect Black.” He was also called “The Great Black,” similar to Krishna. The chief title of Zeus, greatest of the Greek gods was “Ethiops” which means, “burnt faced.” Early statues of gods in India have Africoid features and woolly or locked hair. The name of the Mexican god Ixtliton means “blacked faced.” In fact, many ancient Mexican gods are portrayed jet black with Africoid features.

Once banned, The World’s Sixteen Crucified Saviors, by Kersey Graves reveals remarkable knowledge on this subject, along with Anacalypis by Godfrey Higgins and African Origins of the Major World Religions by Amon Saakana, (Editors).

Nappy hair is ‘divine’ – The choice of God!
Like Christ, “His son” and all the founders of world religions, God Himself has kinky, nappy hair -according tot he Bible, where God or the “Ancient of Days” is described as having “hair like the pure wool.” (Dan. 7:9) The Power that causes galaxies to spiral, and planets & atoms to spin; that causes the double helix spiral of the DNA molecules -this same spiraling power causes spiraling hair… otherwise known as NAPPY, kinky, curly, frizzy, wavy, WOOLLY hair!

The words, SPIN, SPIRAL, and SPIRITUAL have common roots! The Supreme Power spins; spirals; it is spiritual. It moves or spirals the universe! The entire universe dances in spirals and rotations; everything in it reflects the “SPIRaling, SPIRitual” essence out of which it is made! The “SPIRal,” especially the Golden Spiral, is simultaneously the most profound motion and design in the universe -built into all life forms, from seashelss to man, to spiraling nappy hair! Your blood spirals through your veins! Plants spiral up from the soil! And nappy hair spirals out from the hair roots! Ball your hand into a fist and slowly extend each finger.

Did Jesus have dreadlocks?

Jesus was a Nazarite: a vow of Nazarites was to never cut his hair but “let the locks of the hair of his head grow.” (Nm. 6:2,5, Lev. 19:27; 21:5) The word Nazarite is from nazar, meaning unshorn. Woolly nappy hair, if simply washed & dried but never combed or brushed, will naturally entwine into long locks as it grows. Samson, the most famous example of locked hair, had seven locks. (Jg. 13:5, 16:17,19)

Hair is a really antenna that can receive and transmit energy! A Rastafarian explains that dreadlocks are a quality of Black people; they “are high-tension wires,” which transmits divine energy and inspiration from Jah [God], the creator, to Rasta, the mirror.” (Nicholas/Sparrow: Rastafarian -A Way of Life) As Blacks awaken to true self-knowledge and self-acceptance this brings, the negative racist conditioning with respect to their natural spiraling, nappy hair as “bad” and straighter hair as “good” will cease!
Ancient Egypt was a Black African Civilization. The word itself means Black!
The ancient Egyptians called themselves Kam or Kam-Au (Black people/ Black God-people), and their country Kamit (or Khemit), both meaning land of the Blacks and the Black Land. The word Egypt is derived from the Greek word Aigyptos (or Aiguptos) that means Black! Europe’s first historian, Herodotus said, “the Egyptians, Colchians, and Ethiopians have thick lips, and broad nose, woolly hair and they are of burnt skin.” Egyptian civilization evolved from the Ethiopians. The Bible equates Ham (Africans) with Egypt. (Ps. 78:51; 105:23, 27; 106:21, 22)

The Black identity of Egyptian mummies is proven by their high melanin content. Also, Egyptians made wigs from sheep wool to match their woolly hair! A superb summary of the first Egyptians, their culture & achievements is documented in Legrand Clegg’s video Egypt During the Golden Age. Other great works include Gerald Massey’s scholarly Egypt, Light of the World, and James Brunson’s Predynastic Egypt. Ra Un Nefer Amen presents a powerful synthesis of the esoteric sciences of ancient Egypt, India & Canaan, in Metu Neter.

Whites blew off the Africoid nose of the Sphinx! And destroyed much ancient Africoid art.

Carved from a single rock, the Sphinx was a portrait of the Black Pharaoh Khafre (Cephren). The blatant, undeniable evidence of Black African achievement blew off the Africoid nose and part of the lips with cannon fire! Reporting on the “riddle” of the racial identity of the ancient Egyptians, Count C. Volney, a distinguished French scholar who visited Egypt in the late 1700’s, wrote with astonishment “…when I visited the Sphinx, its appearance gave me the key to the riddle. Beholding that head typically Negro in all its features…” He later added “…the Egyptians were true Negroes of the same type as all native-born Africans.” The Sphinx’s broad nose and full lips are evident in an early drawing of the Sphinx as it was found in the 19th century.

The willful and systematic destruction of Africoid art has also occurred in the Americas, Asia and India: Inscriptions and hieroglyphics are defaced or bleached, noses are shot off or chiseled down, confusing nomenclatures are pasted over the evidence, photos are taken from misleading angles or filters, and some evidence is outright destroyed. Europeans replaced the African inscriptions with new ones that credited themselves for the achievement.

Western (white) civilization was founded on a Black African civilization.
You may recall being taught in school that Western (white) civilization is founded upon the ancient Greek civilization that seemed to suddenly appear. What European historians are trying to hide or deny is that the Greek civilization was primarily the offspring of the advanced Black African civilization of ancient Egypt that preceded it by thousands of years. Greek legends relate that Egyptian & Phoenician conquerors ruled all or parts of Greece until the 14th or 15th century B.C.

Books about Western civilization’s African origins include Cheikh Anta Diop: The African Origin of Civilization – Myth or Reality and Martin Bernal: Black Athena Vol. 1, 2.

The earliest Greek & Roman gods were all Black, including the Trojan heroes!
The early Greek-Roman gods & goddesses such as Apollo, Zeus, Hercules, Athena, Venus, were all Black, being renditions of the Black Egyptian gods. The historian Herodotus himself wrote “the names of nearly all the gods came to Greece from Egypt.” The Aeneid, like the Iliad, Odyssey and all the other great epics of the world, is a poetic story dealing with Black people! Aeneas, the Trojan hero of Virgil’s Aeneid, was in direct descent from Dardanus, the African founder of Troy.

Africans gave us Math, Algebra, Geometry, and Trigonometry! -Including the Arabic Numbers! Africans also originated the world’s first known universities.
The falsely credited Pythagoras and Euclid learned their knowledge from Egypt’s “Sacred Mystery Schools,” which were the first universities known to man (with branches in other parts of the world, including China!) Estimated by computer analysis to have approached a mile in length, the temple-university of Luxor housed an elite faculty of priest-professors and catered to some 80,000 students at all grade levels! Temples were at the center of religion, politics and education.

The Ethiopians and Egyptians originated Mathematics and Trigonometry. The African Moors originated Algebra and developed Trigonometry into a science. The word Algebra is derived from “Al-Jabr wa’l Muqabala,” the title of the first textbook on the subject. From the name of the Black author, “Al-Khowarizmi.” We get the word algorithm (a math procedure). The Arabic numbers we use today came from he ancient Arab people who were originally Black Africans! And many of them still are!

Chemistry & the word itself is from Black Egypt. And where would the world be without PAPER and ALPHABET?
Africans gave us both! The words Chemistry/ Alchemy are from the word Kam or Khem, the name that the ancient Egyptians called themselves that means BLACK. Africans invented paper and papermaking. Paper was made from papyrus, hence the name. Before this, writing was done on stone tablets. The alphabet used by Western civilization originates from the Black Phoenicians who copied the principles from the Africans of the Nile Valley.

The real ‘Father of Medicine’ was the African multi-genius Imhotep of ancient Egypt, not Hippocrates who lived 2000 years later. Imhotep brought the knowledge of medicine to Greece and Rome. He was a world famous physician, architect, high priest, diplomat, economist, poet, philosopher, sage, magician, astronomer, engineer, and designer of the Step Pyramid of Sakkara. He was so revered that he was deified while still living and worshipped as the Great God of Medicine. The Greeks renamed him Aesclepios, the God of Healing. The phrase “drink and be merry…” is traced to him.

The symbol of the medical profession, the caduceus (a winged staff entwined by two serpents), was the insignia found on his temples. Imhotep temples in fact were the first hospitals known to man! Stlen from Africa, his many volumes are at Karl Marx University in Leipzig, Germany “From Egypt comes the earliest medical books, the first observatory for anatomy – human and comparative – the first experiments in surgery and pharmacy, the first use of splints and bandages, compresses and other appliances, and the first anatomical and medical vocabulary, and an extensive one at that.”

(S. Glanvile: The Legacy of Egypt p196) European medicine is founded on the works of Imhotep and Black Muslims, Avicenna and Rhazes. For rich details, see Llaila O. Afrika: African Holistic Health.

This race of black men… is the very race to which we owe our arts, our sciences, and even the use of speech!”

Wrote the amazed, distinguished French scholar, Count C. Volney in 1787. Later he wrote Ruins of Empires, a book which so delighted scholars of the day that it was translated into English with a ‘special edition’ for the racist Americans, in which the following quotation was left out: “There are a people, now forgotten who discovered while others were yet barbarians, the elements of the arts and sciences. The Black man is rejected now for their black skin and woolly hair founded, on the study of the laws of Nature, those civil and religious systems which still govern the universe.”

The name by which whites are known -Caucasian- originated from Africans -and is from Caucasus, which is derived from the Ethiopian words “Caer Cush Aur.” (Bryant’s Ancient Mythology Vol. III, p158 [1807]). Ancient African civilizations flourished while Europeans were living as barbarians in the caves of the Caucasus mountains.

Whites stole the word “Aryan” from the Sanskrit language of India’s Blacks where it meant noble cultivator or the holy.

Europe is named after the Black Phoenician princess, Europe! (See dictionary) who was kidnapped by Black Zeus.

“Slave” is from “Slav.” So many Slavic people of Europe were enslaved that the word “Slav” came to mean, “slave.”

Paris is named after the Egyptian goddess, Isis!–From an early temple of Isis (Pari Isidos). At the site of this temple is the Cathedral of Notre Dame; the Grande Dame referred to Isis herself!

The heroes & people of the Bible were primarily Black African people. Moses was an Egyptian priest whose hand turned white under special circumstances. (Ex. 4:6,7) Black Samson had dreadlocks. Solomon declares, “I am black” as does Job; “My skin is black…” (Sol. 1:6, Job 30:30) Simon was a Canaanite. (Mt. 10:4) Paul is mistaken for an “Egyptian.” (Acts 21:37-39)

The early church fathers, persecuted Christians and martyred saints were also Black, such as St. Barbara – a female saint after which Santa Barbara city is named, St. Augustine, St. Maurice, Clement of Alexandria and five popes, including St. Peter! (Rogers: Nature Knows No Color Line) For details McCray: The Black Presence in the Bible. Dunston: The Black Man in the Old Testament & its World; and Barashango: God, The Bible & The Black Man’s Destiny.

Seeking to further discredit African legacy, white historians try to displace Egypt from Africa by classifying it as part of Asia, but the ancient people of West Asia were also Black! The original people of West Asia were the Sumerians, who called themselves the “Black-Heads.” They founded the rich Black cultures of Mesopotamia that included the ancient Babylonians, Chaldeans, Canaanites, Phoenicians and Elamites (original Persians).

Cush or Nubia means Ethiopia. The Biblical table of nations (Gen. 10) tells us that Cush and Canaan were brothers (sons of Ham), and that Sumer (Shina) is descended from Cush. Old Testament compilers assign Ham (father of Africans) to Egypt, Canaan, Cush and Phut (Libya). The Bible refers to Egypt as Ham. (Ps. 78:51; 105:23, 27; 106; 21,22)

The original Biblical Jews were a Black African people.

The original Jews in Africa 2000 years ago were a Black African people as an ethnic group. (Massey: Egypt Light of the Word p501) Many of them still are Black, in northern Africa such as the Falasha Jews of Ethiopia. A New York Times editorial (3/2/84) described them as “a lost tribe that has kept it identity for more than 2,000 years in a remote corner of Africa.”

Abraham, ancestor of the Hebrews, was from Chaldea; the ancient Chaldeans were Black. In fact, Africa takes it name from Ophren, a son of Abraham by his wife, Keturah (Whiston: The Life and Works of Flavius Josephus p50) Like Jesus, Mary and Joseph, the lineage of Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selassie also goes back to Judah -through Solomon/Queen of Sheba and King David. Roman historian Tacitus wrote that many of his time believed that the Jews “were a race of Ethiopian origin.”

The Bible classifies the Ethiopians & Jews together, “Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, “O children of Israel? Saith the Lord.” (Amos 9:7) Black Paul is mistaken for an “Egyptian” and declares he himself to be a “Jew.” (Acts 21:37-39, 22: 2,3)

The Jews got their language, religion & culture from the Canaanites & Sumerians through Babylon is well documented by historians. The original ancient Hebrew alphabet was identical to that of the Phoenicians. “Semitic languages” are really dialectical variants of African languages.

The word Semite is from semi that means half. Half what? Half BLACK! (Mulatto!) Semite refers to the descendants of Shem, one of Noah’s sons. The word originates from the Latin prefix semi that means half. “Half Black and half white… therefore Black (since Black is genetically dominant)” points out Dr. Cress Welsing.

Historian Cheikh Anta Diop also points out that the “Semitic” arises in the 4th millennia B.C. from crossbreeding between Black inhabitants of the holy land and white northern invaders. While many Semites (such as Jews & gypsies) have mixed so much with whites that they’ve forgotten or deny their African roots, racism (white supremacy) will never let them forget this no matter how light-skinned they become, as proved by Hitler, who mandated their destruction because they were classified by whites as “non-white” people originating in Africa. The very word gypsy means “out of Egypt.”

African Americans are largely descendants of the original Black Jews! The original Biblical Jews were Black African people who were ruthlessly persecuted by the white man (Romans). The prophet Jesus was a Black Jew who was born during this time. The Roman-Jewish War in A.D. 66 marked the peak of this persecution and the end of the original Black Jews (Hebrew-Israelites) as a nation. As predicted by Jesus, in this war Jerusalem was overthrown, the Temple was destroyed and the Black Hebrews were scattered. (Mat. 24:15-21, Luke 21: 5,6, 20-24)

The loss of life was appalling. So many Hebrews were slain that the whole lake of Galilee was red with blood and covered with corpses. The noted historian, Osephus estimated that one million one hundred thousand perished in the siege of Jerusalem alone, reports Hugh Schonfield in his book The Passover Plot p192-195, which describes this massive genocide.

Seeking to escape destruction, millions of original Black Biblical Jews fled into AFRICA!

Centuries later, their descendants were captured and sold into slavery in the Americas!

Ella Hughley’s remarkable booklet The Truth About Black Biblical Hebrew-Israelites exposes and summarizes important details of this suppressed subject. She writes “Many of the Israelites… who managed to escape their persecutors during the Roman-Jewish War subsequently migrated to West Africa, and 6000 years later their descendants were captured and brought to America in chains by cruel slave-traders.”

She quotes the noted Jewish historian, Josephus from his book The Great Roman-Jewish War: 66-70, where he writes about this Jewish dispersion and captivity. “General Vaspasian and his son Caesar Titus fought against the Jews. Millions of Jews fled into Africa, among other places, fleeing from Roman persecution and starvation during the siege.” In African Origins of Major Western Religions p75, Dr. Yusef ben-Jochannan writes: “There were many Hebrew (Jewish) tribes that were of indigenous African origin. These African Jews were caught in a rebellion in Cyrene…during 115 C. E. This rebellion also marked the beginning of a mass Jewish migration southward into Sudan of West Africa.” Arab historian, Ibn Battuta writes of finding Jews scattered across North and West Africa during his travels. The Hebrewisms of numerous tribes, especially in West Africa is well documented.

Khazar Jews & Original Jews

If the original Jews were Black, where did white Jews come from? There are two main types of white Jews the Edomites and the Khazars. Edomites are the descendants of Esau, who was born ruddy (red) and hairy according to the Bible. (Gen. 25:25) This describes the “white” man; he is red (all shades) and hairy. Esau was the albino, fraternal twin brother of Jacob, the father of the original Black Israelites. The white Edomites and Black Israelites were constantly in strife against one another. In fact, the Edomites fought the Black Jews in the Roman-Jewish War. At a later period in history, the Edomites (Idumeans) were conquered and forced to become “Jews.” The European Khazars became “Jews” in 740 A.D. (see below) Neither groups are descended from the house of Israel!

Khazars make up over 90% of the so-called “Jews!” (Hatonn) The world’s best kept secret? Hugley writes “These groups… [Khazars esp., plus Edomites & other ethnic groups] make up modern Jewry today. Although the black Hebrew-Israelites are the real descendants of ancient Israel, this truth is not known by many and it is ‘the world’s best kept secret.’

Because of slavery and scattering, the Hebrew-Israelites are not known to the world as true Israel… Some scholars, teachers and ministers teach that God has completely cast them away, but God said, ‘I have chosen thee, and have not cast thee away.’ (Isa. 41:9, last part.) [& Rm. Ch. 11]

Although the children of Israel went into captivity, a remnant has returned as was predicted. The prophecy of Ezekiel 37th chapter tells of the spiritual resurrection of the people of Israel, who will be perpetually betrothed to their God in truth and in righteousness.” There are numerous Black-Hebrew congregations in America. “Temple Bethel” is the largest & oldest (in Belleville, VA). “Jews” were a heavy part of the African slave trade in the America! Compiled from Jewish documents, The Secret Relationship Between Blacks & Jews by the Nation of Islam reveals the vast Jewish involvement in the Atlantic slave trade. “Jews” were also major slave sellers during the Middle Ages. (Van Sertima: African Presence in Early Europe, p161)

These “Jewish” slave-sellers were probably not “real Jews” at all but Khazars. (See below) Counterfeit Jews: the hated, white “Khazars” who have usurped the real Jews! Historians are now recognizing that the majority of eastern so-called “Jews” are actually “Khazars” and have NO Semitic roots whatsoever! The Khazars are impostors: well-suppressed knowledge is emerging about this war-like tribe of whites that rose to power in Eastern Europe and were hated by the other whites they conquered due to there severe, exploitative treatment of them.

The Khazars all converted to Judaism as a political ploy during the Middle Ages. It appears that they learned all they could from he real Hebrews before usurping them, selling them into slavery (or killing them) and taking over in their place, using the corrupted form of Judaism to hide behind while continuing their treachery right into modern times. Much of Europe’s historical hate for “Jews” is hate for the ruthless Khazars who continued to be hated in spite of becoming “Jews.”

In fact, the word “Jew” originated during the 1700s to label them! (Hatonn: p3, 17) Counterfeit Blessings – The Anti-Christ by Any Name: Khazars by G. C. Hatonn, exposes that the Khazars are the real “anti-Semites” who have labeled themselves as Zionists and “Jews” to deceive the world in furthering their own plans for global & political conquest. (See pages 22-24 in this document) In the 13th Tribe. Arthur Koestler traces the history of the Khazars and their rise to power.

The African Moors sparked the European Renaissance! Ruling Spain, southern France, much of Scotland & North Africa during the middle ages for 700 years, the Black African Moors gave Europe one of its finest civilizations. The word Moor is from the Greek word mauros, meaning scorched. In the introduction of The Story of the Moors in Spain by Stanley Lane-Poole, John Jackson writes: “Eurocentric historians argue that Europe gave civilization to Africa, which is a complete inversion of the truth. The first civilized Europeans were the Greeks, who were chiefly civilized by the Africans of the Nile Valley.

The Greeks transmitted this culture to the Romans, who finally lost it, bringing on a dark age of five hundred years. Civilization was restored to Europe when another group of Africans, the Moors, brought this Dark Age to an end… During the Golden Age of Islam, the Moorish Empire… was the most advanced state in the world… Cordova was the most wonderful city of the tenth century; the streets were well paved, with raised sidewalks for pedestrians… Public baths numbered in the hundreds… at a time when cleanliness in Christian Europe was regarded a sin… Moorish monarchs dwelt in splendid palaces, while the crowned heads of England, France, and Germany lived in big barns, lacking both windows and chimneys, with only a hole in the roof for the emission of smoke.”

The Moors had an insatiable lust for knowledge, and acquired it from East and West, translating into Arabic all they could find, even ransacking monasteries for rare books. One king had a private library of 600,000 books! In Moorish Spain education was available to the most humble, while in Christian Europe 99% of the populace were illiterate, including kings.

The incredible city of Cordova had 800 public schools! The Moors made great advances in mathematics, physics, astronomy, medicine, botany, and chemistry. The Moors also introduced the first shooting mechanisms or rifles known as fire sticks! -Which revolutionized European military science, ultimately causing their downfall when their enemies used gunpowder to drive them back into Africa.

Their contributions to European civilization are vast – with no credit given to them. For more details, Ivan Van Sertima, Ed: The Golden Age of the Moors, and Samuel Scott: The History of the Moorish Empire in Europe. The white Founding Fathers built America on Black Egypt’s knowledge.

As revealed in Anthony Browder’s fascinating From the Browder File, the Founding Fathers sought to recreate in America the same energies which guided the Africans of the Nile Valley by using African science, architecture and symbols (with no credit to them) as shown:

The Founding Fathers and all the U.S.

presidents were Masons (except Lincoln and Kennedy).

Masons and other secret orders such as the Rosicrucian’s 7 Illuminati are patterned after the Sacred Mystery Schools (universities) of ancient Egypt.

The word ‘Mason’ means ‘child of the sun’ and is derived from the African terms Sons 7 Daughters of Light (or Children of the Sun).

The sun symbolizes enlightenment; hence these metaphors mean ‘enlightened people.’ The Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution are Masonic documents, written in the Masonic code and have different meaning to members of the Masonic order.

Look on the back of the dollar bill and see for yourself how the Founding Fathers composed the Great Seal of America with African symbols: The Eye of Horus/God, pyramid, six-pointed star (made up of 13 stars), and the eagle -their imitation of Egypt’s sacred sun Falcon, a symbol for Horus. Stan Deyo’s provocative Cosmic Conspiracy provides more insights.

The Washington monument, a symbol of America, is an African obelisk! The obelisk was the symbol of the very Black Egyptian god, Osiris who represented the regenerative powers of God and was worshiped as the impregnating force of the universe. The obelisk later became part of the worship of the Egyptian Sun God, “Ra,” from which we get the words “ra, radiation.” The obelisk is also found at the Vatican in St. Peter’s square and in every major city in the world. It is the origin of church steeples!

Egyptian Design: The Lincoln Memorial is patterned after an Egyptian temple honoring the pharaoh, Ramsese II. Meridian Hill Park (AKA Malcolm X Park) was designed to align Washington D.C. to the same meridian (pathway to the sun) which passes through Egypt. So-called European architecture (like the Capitol, Parthenon, cathedrals) is copied from African architecture! (Mosques, obelisks, temples)

A Black scientist designed the city. The layout and design of Washington D.C. was accomplished by America’s first Black man of science, Benjamin Banneker – astronomer and mathematician.

Albinos: Why do whites seek to hide their origins?

Are whites the albino offspring of Black Africans? White skin is a form of albinism. It appears that whites have “come into being” through a number of ways: In The Isis Papers p123, Dr. Frances Cress Welsing states “whites are undoubtedly a genetic mutant albino population… from the original Black (hue-man) beings.” The story of ‘Snowflake’ dramatically illustrates how it is possible for whites to come into being from blacks: Born of coal black parents, this albino gorilla named “Snowflake” has platinum blond hair, white (pink) skin, and blue eyes! (National Geographic: Mar. 67, Oct. 70). Similarly in Panama, particularly among the San Blas Indians are albino natives that also have blond hair and blue eyes!

They are often indistinguishable from blond Northen Europeans! In the Bible, Edomites are whites that descended from an albino named Esau who was born ruddy (red) & hairy. (Gen. 25:25) The Bible refers to white skin as leprosy (Num. 12:10-12, Lev. 13) and reports that a race of people (Gahazites) was born white due to being cursed! (II Kings 5:27) Bible scholars credit Japheth (a son of Noah) as fathering a (Black) people who settled in the north, ultimately becoming the Caucasian Race.

Similarly, other scholars theorize that Africans who migrated to Europe and were caught in the Ice Age, gradually lightened until their genes mutated to adapt to the scant sunlight, thus producing a race of whites.

Interestingly, the ancient Egyptians recorded the Tamahu, which means created white people. Egyptian writings also refer to whites as Typhonians or People of Seth, both meaning “the devils.” After these “white devils” were first released into the Black community of the Near East 6000 years ago, they caused sever strife, thus the Africans rounded them up, stripped them of everything and exiled them to the caves and hills of the Caucasus Mountains. This explains the sudden appearance of white people in this region. To prevent their escaping Africans installed a series of guarded walls blocking all exits along that area from one sea to the other!

Thus “roping” them off (hence the word Europe). These walls have been witnessed and recorded by many European writers, including Pliny. Thus, totally cut off from civilization, the whites degenerated into uncivilized, nomadic savages. They remained this way for 2000 years until ‘Allah mercifully sent an Egyptian priest named Musa or Moses to civilize them.’

This explains the otherwise unknown reason why suddenly about 2000 B.C., vast hordes of these white barbarians left the Caucasus region and stormed all the (Black) centers of civilizations throughout Mesopotamia, the Near East, Africa and India, destroying and usurping them. Thus, the Whiteman’s arrival signaled destruction for all these civilizations and the beginning of the Whiteman’s rise to power.

Whites proclaim their origin is Greek. Whites can avoid confronting the true meaning of skin whiteness as a mutation and genetic deficiency state from the Black norm – the ‘hue-man’ norm’… Deep within the unconscious psyche of the white collective is an awareness; of their origin amongst Blacks, that Blacks were their parents and that they (whites) were the offspring of Blacks who suffered from the skin condition of Albinism.”

http://suzar.com

M. Stewart.
Copyright © 2002 – 2007. All rights reserved.
Revised: 01/01/07.

GREAT BOOKS ON BLACK CIVILIZATIONS FROM HOMESTEAD.COM

April 11, 2007

from: homestead.com

The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality

by Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop

Egyptology developed in concurrence with the development of the slave trade and the colonial system. It was during this period that Egypt was literally taken out of Africa, academically, and made an extension of Europe. In many ways Egypt is the key to ancient African history. African history is out of kilter until ancient Egypt is looked upon as a distinct African nation. The Nile River played a major role in the relationship to Egypt to the nations in Southeast Africa. During the early history of Africa, the Nile was a great cultural highway on which elements of civilization came into and out of inner Africa. In the chapter called, “Birth of the Negro Myth,” Dr. Diop shows how African people, whose civilizations were old before Europe was born, were systematically read out of the respectful commentary of human history. This examination is continued in the chapter called, “Modern Falsification of History.” Here, Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop deals with how Western historians, for the last five hundred years wrote or rewrote history glorifying the people of European extraction and distorted the history of the rest of the world. Those who read this book seriously are in for a shock and rewarding experience in learning. This is a major work by a major African historian. At last, the renaissance of African historiography from an African point of view has begun, and none too soon.

Turning to the major falsification of the history of mankind, as he puts it, Cheikh Anta Diop underlines that the time has come to bring justice to the Negro race, to give black people their due credit for leading the march, and blazing a trail for humanity to follow.
Egypt Revisited: Journal of African Civilizations

by Ivan Van Sertima (Editor)

A compilation of many great scholars sharing their expertise. This book has many ancient photos.

Contents:

Race and Origin of the Ancient Egyptians, Black Dynasties and Rulers, Philosophy and Science of the Egyptians, Miscellaneous Essays and more.

Authors include: Ivan Van Sertima, Chiekh Anta Diop, Basil Davidson, James Brunson, Bruce Williams, Runoko Rashidi, Wayne B. Chandler, Asa G. Hilliard III, Legrand Clegg II, Phaon Goldman (Tarharka), Habib Sy, Theophile Obenga, Charles S. Finch, Maulana Karenga, Larry Williams, Beatrice Lumpkin and others.
Black Spark, White Fire: Did African Explorers Civilize Ancient Europe?

by Richard Poe

In Black Spark, White Fire, Richard Poe seeks to transcend the passions and politics surrounding this subject. He examines the issues objectively and reaches conclusions that some may find startling.

Based upon seven years of research, including in-depth interviews with leading scholars and scientists, Black Spark, White Fire has been praised by experts as varied as Temple University professor Molefi Kete Asante, Cornell University historian Martin Bernal and Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl. With all the suspense of a mystery thriller, Black Spark follows a slender trail of clues that leads from the highlands of Ethiopia to the barrows of the Russian steppes. It pieces together the forgotten story of an Age of Exploration that ended nearly 3,000 years before Columbus — a time when Egypt ruled the waves, Africa was the seat of learning and power, and Europe a savage frontier.
Please help to keep Ancient Africa’s Black Kingdoms online by purchasing books from this page, or you may purchase other products from Amazon by clicking on any of the books below. Amazon has excellent prices and fast service.

I buy all my books from Amazon, new and used.

Myra Wysinger–Editor

USA

Thank you for your support.
Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient View of Blacks

by Frank M. Snowden

According to Professor Emeritus Frank M. Snowden Jr., (AB, AM, Ph.D.) Howard University Classicist Department–reading of the sources, the Ethiopians “pioneered” religion, and were key to the origin and propagation of many of the customs which existed in Egypt. The Egyptians, it was argued, were descendants of the Ethiopians. Snowden states that the term Kushites, Nubians, or Ethiopians is to used in much the same way as the modern term “colored”, “black, or Negro”. “The experiences of Africans who reached the alien shores of Greece and Italy constituted an important chapter in the history of classical antiquity,” he writes. “Using evidence from terra cotta figures, paintings, and classical sources like Herodotus and Pliny the Elder, Snowden proves, contrary to our modern assumptions, that Greco-Romans did not view Africans with racial contempt. Many Africans worked in the Roman Empire as musicians, artisans, scholars, and generals as well as slaves, and they were noted as much for their virtue as for their appearance of having a “burnt face” (from which came the Greek name Ethiopian)”.

Professor Snowden received the National Humanities medal in 2003, which honors individuals or groups whose work has deepened the nation’s understanding of the humanities, broadened citizens’ engagement with the humanities, or helped preserve and expand Americans’ access to important resources in the humanities.
Blacks in Antiquity: Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience

by Frank M. Snowden

Further developing the themes he so eloquently outlines in Blacks in Antiquity, Frank M. Snowden Jr. continues his investigations into attitudes towards Africans in the classical civilizations of Rome and Greece. Snowden identifies the African blacks from Egypt, Nubia (the modern Sudan), Ethiopia, and Carthage (Tunisia), discussing their interactions–including intermarriage–with the Greco-Romans. (He also notes that many of the artistic representations of these people resemble present-day African Americans.) From the trade missions of the Egyptian dynasties to their conquest of the Mediterranean and ultimate downfall at the hands of the Romans, Snowden unravels a complex history of cultural exchanges that went on for several millennia in which racial prejudice was not a factor. “There was a clear-cut respect among the Mediterranean peoples for Ethiopians and their way of life,” he writes, “and above all, the ancients did not stereotype blacks as primitives defective in religion and culture.” — Eugene Holley Jr.
Black Women in Antiquity (Journal of African Civilizations; V. 6)

by Ivan Van Sertima (Editor)

Customer Review:

This is a well researched and very scholarly book. Ivan Van Sertima as well as the contributors to this work have produced much insight on African women in world history like Queen Nzinga, the candace queens, Makeda (Queen of Sheba) Hatshepsut and many others. I feel that this work is of great significance and should be read by all who are interested in the role of African women in world history.
African Civilization Revisited: From Antiquity to Modern Times

by Basil Davidson

From Library Journal:

This book, by one of the premier historians of Africa, is a slightly revised and expanded edition of his The African Past. As before, it consists of snippets of historical source materials from western, eastern, and southern Africa, emphasizing pre-19th century times. The study of black African history was relatively new when this book was originally published, so it was useful as a demonstration that Africa indeed had a history. Now, over 25 years later, one wonders if the point needs to be made yet again. Still, its greatest use may be to point out to students the variety of sources available for the study of African history. This is recommended for collections not having the original edition.

Paul H. Thomas, Hoover Inst. Lib., Stanford, Cal.
The Black Pharaohs: Egypt’s Nubian Rulers

by Robert G. Morkot

Book Description:

A comprehensive investigation of the Kushite kingdom, present day northern Sudan, which briefly controlled Egypt during the 8th century BC and influenced Egyptian affairs for hundreds of years. Morkot examines ancient and antiquarian perceptions of the exotic lands of Nubia and Ethiopia and attempts to tie the towns of Kush to archaeological remains. A large part of the book concentrates on the role of the Nubians during Egypt’s conflicts with Libya and the Assyrians.
Kush – The Jewel of Nubia: Reconnecting the Root System of African Civilization

by Miriam Ma’At-Ka-Re Monges

Editorial Reviews

From the Back Cover

The Great Cheikh Anta Diop identified the roots of African culture from which one can trace the branches. No African researcher since, however, has provided a comprehensive analysis connecting the ancient Nile Valley civilizations with the African universe. From the pyramids of Egypt to the great walls of Zimbabwe, Western scholars have attributed the achievements of these prodigious indigenous African civilizations to people culturally and geographically alien to Africa. However, in the case of the ancient Nubian Empire of Kush, which occupied the southern part of Kemet (ancient Egypt) and all of present-day Sudan, one expects reasonable scholars to attribute this African culture to an African people. The present much-needed work traces Diop’s great “African cultural commonalities” of matriarchy, totemism, divine kinship, and cosmology to the very core of Kushite culture. This book is on the cutting edge of a new generation of Afrocentric scholarship whose mandate it is to provide a clearer picture of Africa’s true nature, it s genius and its genuine contribution to World Civilizations.
Site modified 2007

USA

Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race from

4500 B.C to 2000 A.D.

by Chancellor Williams

This book without a doubt is one of the most carefully researched books I have ever read.

I love the way that Mr. Williams carefully breaks down the history of the early African and traces them throughout their history. He gives proficient details about the accomplishments and failures of the early African people. There is a reoccurring theme in this book. Indigenous Africans gain power and indigenous Africans lose power. That statement sums up this book briefly. Mr. Williams goes into detail to explain how a black Egypt could be viewed by the world as being white. The answers to this question can be found starting with chapter two entitled Ethiopia’s Oldest Daughter: Egypt. In this chapter, he proposes “the mulatto problem” which I feel is key in understanding how the face of early Africa was changed. When other groups of people came in from the east the Africans allowed them to assimilate into their culture. There were many interracial unions, which allowed for a mixture of kin. This mixture of kin is what lead to the demise of the total black African state. Time and time of again people who did not have a natural birth right to any African state were allowed to do so based on marriage or kinship. This is why Mr. Williams study shows how indigenous African flip-flop control of power so frequently. Whenever indigenous African took control of Egypt the power was relinquish due to an interracial unions or kinship not to mention the violence and acts of war. Again, in many ways this scenario is a reoccurring them throughout this book. The early African inability to hold on to what was natural his has cause others to question whether he should be given any credit at all. Mr. Williams traces what happen and he gives excellent details.
Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Cushite Empire, Book 1

by Drusilla Dunjee Houston

Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Cushite Empire represents the crowning achievement of Ms. Drusilla Dunjee Houston. The work was originally published in Oklahoma City in 1926. It is the first known attempt by a Black woman, and perhaps anyone, to produce a multi-volume work on African history told from an African perspective.

Ms. Houston herself was an educator, journalist and historian. She spent most of her life in Oklahoma and Arizona and succumbed to tuberculosis in Phoenix, Arizona in 1941.

Her work is broad and comprehensive and was quite advanced for its time. Its audience was not confined to scholars but the layperson, particularly Black folk, who were in need of a accurate tonic to boost Black self-esteem. It retains a powerful value even today, more than seventy years since its initial publication. –Runoko Rashidi
Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization

(The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985)

by Martin Bernal

Unlike most of Martin Bernal’s detractors, I read all three of his books: Black Athena I, Black Athena II, and Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics. Bernal is miles ahead of his light weight, poorly read, reactionary critics, who obviously have not read his highly documented books in there entirety. His detractors are responding to their racist attitudes, inculcated in them through their culture, over the past five hundred years (since the European Slave Trade when albinos attempted to dehumanize melanics). If albinos stop denying the truth of the origin of so-called “Western” Civilization (all civilization came out of the heart of Africa), and read Bernals bibliography, they will see that he documents everything he writes. Some other non-racist albinos everyone should read who tell the truth are: Gerald Massey, Count Volney, Godfrey Higgins, Schwaller de Lubicz to name a few. Some melanics they should read who tell the truth are: Indus Khamit Kush, Chancellor Williams, John G. Jackson, Herodotus (Herodotus was Asian; and so was Thales, the so-called Father of “European” Philosophy. Philosophy originated in Africa were Thales learned his Philosophy), George G.M. James, Cheikh Anta Diop, and John Henrik Clarke. There are many others both melanic and albinic historians such as Martin Bernal who write the truth. Melanics should automatically purchase and read any book about them that is attacked by albinos. Do not believe anything racist albino historians and anthropologists write about melanics. — George Lawrence from Decatur, GA United States
The Egyptian Philosophers: Ancient African Voices from Imhotep to Akhenaten

by Molefi Kete Asante

Molefi Asante’s Ancient Egyptian Philosophers: From Imhotep To Akhenaten is a timely redressing of a serious omission in the human history — the antiquarian contributions of African philosophers to medicine, philosophy, science, and the birth of civilization itself. Beginning with a chronology of Ancient World Philosophers, this scholarly, superbly crafted survey covers Imhotep and the “emergence of reason”, Ptahhotep and the “moral order”, Merikare on “common sense”, as well as the contributions and insights of Akhenaten, Amenemope, and others whose work was ignored, suppressed, or simply unknown to the academia based on Greco-Roman sources and histories. Ancient Egyptian Philosophers: From Imhotep To Akhenaten is highly recommended reading for students of Black Studies, philosophy, and the history of science. — Midwest Book Review
Metu Neter Vol. 1: The Great Oracle of Tehuti and the Egyptian System

of Spiritual Cultivation

by Ra Un Nefer Amen

This is known as THE Book. This is the book that puts the science in African-centered spirituality. By revealing the essence of the oldest religion in the world, Ra Un Nefer Amen gives the practical keys to unlocking the “secrets” of the universe. Of course, much will be missed by readers, because they will only read the book, but not apply its teachings.

Reading a book about spirituality does not raise one’s consciousness. Applying the teachings in Metu Neter will.
Stolen Legacy

by George G. M. James

Readers Comments:

George James should be commended for his brave and enlightening work. Stolen Legacy challenges us to reconsider many of the theories and ideologies that have been impressed upon us through the American education system. We are constantly told that the ancient Greeks were the originators of philosophy, science, and many mathematical theories, but we aren’t given an adequate explanation of how they developed these ideas. In fact, James offers a completely different explanation for the origins of philosophy. He claims that what has been passed of as Greek philosophy, is actually stolen Egypt philosophy and was passed down through the Egyptian Mystery System. Little has been told about the Egyptian Mystery System, but James tries to explain the basics of this system and how it spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

This is a must read. It gives another perspective to the idea that the Greeks created Philosophy. The author analyzes several known Greeks including Pythagoras, Aristotle and Plato and their doctrines to show how they are actually Egyptian in nature. He even goes so far as to making some strong recommendations on how we as people of humanity, Blacks in particular, can help change the misconception of crediting Greeks for accomplishments they learned from Africans. (Egypt always has been and always will be an African nation.)
Exiled Egyptians: The Heart of Africa

by Moustafa Gadalla

Readers comments:

I found this book to be very informative and I especially appreciate the fact that the author is from Egypt. I have purchased all of the books this foundation offers and they all live up to this one. I also found his testimony to be one of the most correct and honest in dealing with the origins of Egyptian civilization.

Read a concise and comprehensive historical account of Egypt for the last 3,000 years. Read about the forgotten Ancient Egyptians, who fled the foreign invasions and religious oppressors. Read how they rebuilt the Ancient Egyptians model system in Africa, when Egypt itself became an Arab colony. Read about the Ancient Egyptians’ social, economical, and political systems, and their extended application into sub-Sahara Africa. Find out how the Islamic jihads fragmented and dispersed the African continent into endless misery and chaos. Discover the true causes and dynamics of African slavery.
The Africans Who Wrote the Bible

by Dr. Nana Banchie Darkwah

Reviewer:

Here Are the Puzzle Pieces

This is a great book but there are things you need to know. This book is written based upon the African language similarities with those of present-day Africa, ancient Africa and words found within the bible. With that said, there are sitings noted from various African nations throughout West Africa.

The thing that should be noted is that the author clearly states that the Jewish people are not the original Jews. The author is under the opinion that the original Jewish people were African people who left probably during the so-called Exodus. The present day Jewish people as stated within the book still carry African names. If I read this correctl, that is from cover to cover without skipping pages, this is what the author stated within the book. This is an excellent literary work for all African descendants because it does what so many have feared; connects present and traditional Africa to the ancient Africans and to the Africans Who Wrote the Bible.
No. 1 top seller on this web site!
Editor Choice
From Babylon to Timbuktu: A History of the Ancient Black Races Including the Black Hebrews

by Rudolph R. Windsor (Preface), El Hagahn (Illustrator)

An Awesome Documentary of Ancient African-Hebrew History

Reviewer:

Discovering almost nonexistence information on the ancient African races was a Delight. Being that I have interviewed African Jews myself I know that Mr. Windsor portrays an accurate account of Hebrewisms scattered to the four corners of the earth. He also references several Bible verse that support his idea. This book reads more like a documentary. After reading the Biblical account of the conditions that the Hebrews were prophesied to live in one would know that there is no way that the Jews in Israel today could meet the prophecy guidelines of ancient times. Windsor also points out the origin of the white races. Buy this book and he talks of the first land and people to practice monotheism. This Book awesomely sums up the history of the Black Israelites, and their Black alien god.
African Origins of Major “Western Religions”

by Yosef A.A. Ben-Jochannan, Yosef B. Jochannan

Book Description:

African Origins of the Major “Western Religions” first published in 1970, continues to be one of Dr. Ben’s most thought-provoking works. This critical examination of the history, beliefs and myths, remains instructive and fresh. By highlighting the African influences and roots of these religions, Dr. Ben reveals an untold history that many would prefer to forget.
Ancient Future: The Teachings and Prophetic Wisdom of the Seven Hermetic Laws of Ancient Egypt

by Wayne Chandler

Reader comment:

I have had my life transformed by the informative information in this book. This book is full of illuminating pearls of knowledge that can propel ones soul and spirit through the cosmos of reality to a level of spiritual awareness and enlightenment unknown to modern men. with this book ancient future, professor chandler has laid the modern day blue print for people of all ethnicities to return to a spiritual consciousness that will ensure their survival from the coming spiritual and electromagnetic surge of energy that is about to be unleashed upon the inhabitants of the earth. He talks about transcending the negative and receiving the positive surge of electromagnetic energy that will shoot through our mind, body, soul and spirit. If we are not in the right frame of mind this energy and electromagnetic gravitational pull will cause mankind to lose his mind and self destruct.

This is a must read book for all races of the world and it should be translated in all languages of the world. For the time is at hand for we are about to enter the Age of Aquarius. This book Ancient Future by Mr. Wayne B. Chandler is truly a prophetic book of wisdom and its timely unveiling is not coincidental by no stretch of the imagination, but divinely inspired by the all (or creative force of the universe) this book Ancient Future will change forever the way you view ancient and past civilizations. It will also help you understand the mindset and the psyche of other races as it pertains to their thinking processes and their reactions to cause and effect and also their historical ancestral profiles.
Egypt in Africa

by Theodore Celenko (Editor)

A reader from Oklahoma:

Egypt in Africa is a great book based on a great museum exhibit and it’s good to see it available through amazon.com. The book avoids the two popular extremes of denying all of the African roots and setting of Egyptian civilization and of claiming that anything and everything worth while in western civilization was African in origin. (This book makes it clear that Africa contributed so much that it’s foolish to discredit its valid claims by exaggeration.) Instead the book is a calm, objective, and persuasive as well as readible and clear look at Egypt in its African context. If you want to understand the “big picture” when it comes to ancient Egypt, you really need this book. A professor of art history.
Click HereThe Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume One: From the Pharaohs

to the Fall of the Roman Empire

by Frank M. Snowden Jr., etc.

During the fifteenth century BC, the pharaohs of the Eighteenth Dynasty established an empire extending from the Euphrates to the Fourth Cataract (Nubia). The southern conquests brought Egyptians into direct contact with black populations who continued to resist and counterattack. In the previous millennium black warriors and captives had occasionally appeared in the art of Egypt, Crete, and Cyprus. The Image of the Black in Western Art shows us, from the mid-fifteenth century to Tutankhamun’s painted box depicting blacks in Egyptian art increasingly portrayed realistic and unmistakable Negroes.
Africa: The Story of a Continent Programs 01-02 (1986)

(VIDEO)

Presenter Basil Davidson

Based largely on images from caves, pyramids, and tombs, Different but Equal, in volume 1 of the four-video series Africa: The Story of a Continent, presents an overview of early African cultures, with an introduction to classical Egypt and a more detailed study of Meroë. One of presenter Basil Davidson’s main theses, supported by period sources from both Africa and Europe, is that racism was not commonplace in classic or medieval interactions between Europe and Africa. In the series’ outstanding second episode, Mastering a Continent, Davidson focuses on three contemporary African societies and the different ways they have adapted to thrive in their environments. He features the iron working and farming advances of the Nok people in Nigeria and the elaborate system of religious belief of the Dogon in Mali. The discussion of northern Kenya’s cattle-raising Pokat people is truly exceptional. Davidson does a spectacular job of demonstrating the elaborate complexity of what may by some be mistakenly considered a primitive society. Fascinating personal interviews with a Pokat woman about men and women’s work and with a Pokat man about what a man needs before he can marry are the highlight of this well-done anthropological study. –Tara Chace

Description:

For centuries, Africa was ravished by the slave trade, which has distorted our view of its people. In Program One, Davidson shows that Africa gave rise to some of the world’s greatest civilizations. In Program Two, Davidson focuses on three different communities to see how African peoples carve out an existence in an often hostile environment.
Opening to Spirit : Contacting the Healing Power of the Chakras and Honouring African Spirituality

by Caroline Shola Arewa

A gifted spiritual guide and a yoga master illustrates the common root of many of our spiritual traditions through the mythology and spirituality of Ancient Egypt, Early India and West Africa. 8 color plates. 40 line drawings.

Book Description:

The chakras are wheels of energy inside the body. This ancient system is often thougth to have emerged from the yogic traditions of India, but in Opening to Spirit, Caroline Shola Arewa explores the importance of the chakras to the ancient Africans and Egyptians. She illustrates the common root of many of our spiritual traditions through the mythology and spirituality of Ancient Egypt, Early India and West Africa.
Of Water and the Spirit: Ritual, Magic, and Initiation in the Life of an African Shaman

by Malidoma Patrice Some

In the recent years there has been a surge of interest in indigenous tribal life and practices, as Western peoples start to feel the stirrings of their own indigenous tribal souls and go looking for answers to those who still possess the connection with the Land and the Spirit. While a lot has been published about Native American (both North and South), Tibetan, Altaic, Celtic etc., tribal life, rather little is known about Africa. Malidoma Some’s book therefore provides a welcome and highly inspiring contribution.

Any westerner who has ever wanted to know how an African thinks should read this book.
Introduction to African Civilizations

by John G. Jackson, Runoko Rashidi, John Henrik Clarke (Introduction)

Customer Comments:

This is an excellent book, it unfolds the true history of African people. It deals with the multitude of distortion and how African people have been written out of history. Cause of slavery, racism and white supremist propaganda. He deals with Ethiopia and the origin of civilization, showing how the first human being erected from Africa. If Africa gave birth to mankind then it is logical to accept the fact that Africa gave birth to civilization. He talks about Ethiopia, Ancient Egypt, and Nubia, Ghana, Mali, Songhay, etc. He systematical shows how Africans even engaged in sea voyages with ample proof and evidence. This is an excellent, objective and well rounded book.

Mr. Jackson was not just an able scholar, but he was a notable writer. This book, as are his others (I’ve read them all), is very easy to read, never going over the heads of those hardly acquainted with the many aspects of African history with which he deals. His chapters on “Egypt and the Evolution of Civilization” and “Africa and the Civilizing of Europe” are worth the entire price of the book. The introduction, by the late Dr. John Henrick Clarke, is one of the best I’ve read. Introduction to African Civilizations is well-documented, and is, in my opinion, a classic written by an academic giant.
Race: The Reality of Human Differences

by Professor Vincent Sarich & Frank Miele

Sarich, a University of California, Berkeley emeritus anthropologist, and Miele, an editor of Skeptic magazine, cannot resist calling the current view that “race does not exist” a “PC dogma.” They make cogent, if not convincing, arguments of their case in three areas. Race as a concept, they argue, considerably antedates colonial Europe, presenting such examples as an “Egyptian tomb with four races” (as one caption calls a tomb painting) that may point up “awareness” of difference, but whether that awareness correlates to concepts of “race” as currently defined remains unproven. Several chapters are heavy going on DNA-based research into the origin and differentiation of Homo sapiens, here interpreted as branching off from the other hominids recently enough to make differences among people very minor but, in the authors’ view, significant. They move from the Human Genome Project into their final section, in which differences in intelligence are said to correlate to a concept of race (but are not said to be a justification for discrimination). This last argument is predicated on what will seem to many readers an excessive faith in IQ tests.

The authors accepts the Out-of-Africa theory of human origins based on DNA, mtDNA, and

Y chromosome data. They do show how that data supports Out-of-Africa theory.
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African Religions & Philosophy

by John S. Mbiti

African Religions and Philosophy is a systematic study of the attitudes of mind and belief that have evolved in the many societies of Africa. In this second edition, Dr Mbiti has updated his material to include the involvement of women in religion, and the potential unity to be found in what was once thought to be a mass of quite separate religions.

Mbiti adds a new dimension to the understanding of the history, thinking, and life throughout the African continent. Religion is approached from an African point of view but is as accessible to readers who belong to non-African societies as it is to those who have grown up in African nations.

Since its first publication, this book has become acknowledged as the standard work in the field of study, and it is essential reading for anyone concerned with African religion, history, philosophy, anthropology or general African studies.
Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many

by Erik Hornung, John Baines (Translator)

The late Egyptologist Frank Joseph Yurco recommended Erik Hornung’s book, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many, translated by John Baines (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982). As he explained, the ancient Egyptians believed that god could reveal himself or herself in any aspect they chose. Thus, the God, Re, had 76 different forms, illustrated in the Ramesside tombs, but he could also be viewed as the solar disk, with the scarab and ram-headed form within; for a Trinitarian expression of the sun god, Re, in the daytime, Khepri in the morning; Aten at noon; and Re-Harakhti in the evening. Other major deities also had multiple forms, for instance Hathor, who could be a full cow in form, or a woman with cow’s ears, or a totally human woman, or a woman in a tree offering cool water to the deceased. In one story she appears to a herdsman, with a furry coat that scares him out of his wits, but the following day, she appears as a beautiful woman, with long hair.

It is this way of identifying deities that gave the Egyptians the ability to interchange images, yet see them as one or more deities, or combine differing deities into one, for instance Amun-Re, combining Amun with Re. So too the goddesses had the power to express themselves in differing forms. That is why Mut can have a lioness’ head, or a human head, wear the double crown, or a solar disk when in leonine form. Hornung’s book lays this out in beautiful detail.

Another book that Dr. Yurco recommended when he taught courses on ancient Egyptian religion is Siegfried Morenz, Egyptian Religion, translated by Ann Keep (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1976).
Ancient Civilizations of Africa

(General History of Africa, Vol. 2)

by G. Mokhtar

Published: 1990

Volume II covers the period beginning at the close of the Neolithic era, from around the eighth millennium before our era. This period of some nine thousand years of history has been sub-divided into four major geograophical zones, following the pattern of African historical research. Chapter 1 to 12 cover the corridor of the Nile, Egypt and Nubia. Chapters 13 to 16 relate to the Ethiopian highlands. Chapter 17 to 20 describe the part of Africa later called the Maghrib and its Saharan hinterland, and Chapters 21 to 20, the rest of Africa as well as some of the islands in the Indian Ocean.

By far the largest proportion of Volume II is devoted to the ancient civilization of Egypt because of its pre-eminent place in the early history of Africa.
Lost Cities of Africa

by Basil Davidson (Author)

Book Description:

Combining archeological evidence and scholarly research, Davidson traces the exciting development of the rich kingdoms of the lost cities of Africa, fifteen hundred years before European ships first came to African shores.

Historical Deception: The Untold Story of Ancient Egypt

by Moustafa Gadalla

Historical Deception: The Untold Story Of Ancient Egypt provides a fresh, exciting and reader-friendly study of ancient Egyptian history — a history which has suffered from the ingrained prejudices of religious scholars (Christian, Jewish, Moslem) who deny that Egypt is the source of their creeds (especially monotheism); and rationalist scholars denying the existence of science and philosophy prior to the Greeks. Historical Deception is a much needed correction to a great deal of historical distortion, suppression and denial. Historical Deception is a lively, engaging, stimulating, provocative reading, easy to read and difficult to put down.

Readers comment:

This text presents soundly based historical information that is well-researched and clearly understandable relating to the chronology of biblical events and participants. Citing sources such as the Koran, the Torah, the Talmud, the Hebrew Massoretic text of the Old Testament, and the Greek Septuagint text of the Old Testament, along with a multitude of references to more modern historical works, the author provides a realistic and reasonable explanation for many biblical puzzles and apparent inconsistencies.
The Golden Age of the Moor (Journal of African Civilizations,

Vol 11, Fall 1991)

by Ivan Van Sertima (Editor)

Excerpts:

Who are these Moors? The Moors are black people indigenous to Mauretania. “Mr. Chandler tells us of a different race of Moors who were known as Garamantes/Caucasians, they intermarried with the Black Moors, thus became the ‘tawny Moors’ or ‘white Moors’.”

According to Anthropologist, Dana Reynolds, the original Black Berbers, who were called Moors, were the North African ancestors of the present day dark-brown and dark-black peoples of the Sahara and the Sahel, mainly those called Fulani, Tuareg, Zenagha of Southern Morocco, Kunta and Tebbu of the Sahel countries as well as other black Arabs now living in Mauretania and throughout the Sahel, they include Trarza of Mauretania and Senegal, the Mogharba as well as dozens of other Sudanese tribes, the Chaamba of Chad and Algeria. Apart from her very detailed study of the origins and affiliations of the various tribes, she points out that the Africans involved in the Moorish occupation of Iberia did not just build remarkable things in Europe but also in their native lands. They founded and constructed many industrious and prosperous towns all over the north of Africa and as far south as Timbuktu. The ruins of their many castles can be seen as much in Northern Africa as in Andalusia.

The Westerners have chosen to concentrate on the most recent world of the Arab and Berber-speaking peoples and present it as if it is a world that has always been. “It is like comparing the Aztecs of five hundred years ago with the ethnic mix of America today,” wrote Reynolds. “The story of when North Africa was Moorish and Arabia, the land of Saracens, has yet to be told.”
Oromia: An Introduction to the History of the Oromo People

by Gadaa Melbaa

Book Description:

An account of the struggle of the Oromo people to affirm their place in history. The Oromo make up a significant portion of the Horn of Africa population. Oromia is a title used to refer to the Oromo as a political, cultural, and social entity. Living in East African nations, the Oromo people are largely unknown to most of the world; this work lifts up the people, their culture, and their struggles.

Within the book by Petrie, A History of Egypt (1896) he mentions a group of people in ancient Egypt by the name of Galla also called Oromo. Petrie wrote: “It has long been ago been remarked that the black sphinxes, later appropriated by the Hyksos, approximated to the Galla type of Abyssinia”.

“This starts an enquiry how the Galla connection could thus appear on monuments. In the clearance and planning of the rock tombs at Qau, Antaeopolis, the peculiar plan of those tombs, with great halls and small chambers annexed, was observed to be closely parallel to that of later Nubian temples. In both tomb and temple the chief work is in the solid rock, while the forecourt is of masonry constructed in front of it. Another peculiarity was the hammer-work excavation of one tomb, which had evidently been done with stone balls, as in the Aswan granite working, and this implies a southern connection. These people do not appear in any records, and all their monuments have been reappropriated. They left, however, a most striking style of sculpture, in the sphinxes which were later removed to Tanis, but seem originally to have come from El Kab, where a piece of such a sphinx has been found.The type is closely like that of the Galla. The evidence that all the earlier sculptures of Tanis were collected there by Ramessu II seems clear; and that these sphinxes are earlier than the Hyksos is certain by those kings having appropriated them. No period seems so likely for them as the 7th to the 10th dynasties. The type was heavily bearded, with bushy hair”. Petrie, 1896
Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century

(General History of Africa, Vol. 3)

by I. Hrbek

Published: 1992

The period covered in Volume III is dominated by two movements of major and lating significance in the history of Africa. The influence of Islam was increasing in the north and west; it was interacting with traditional African culture. In the south there was the Bantu expansion.

The book first places Africa in the context of world history at the opening of the seventh century, before examining the general impact of Islamic penetration, the continuing expansion of the Bantu-speaking peoples, and the growth of civilizations in the Sudanic zones of West Africa.

Detailed chapters discussing the successive Islamic dynasties of North Africa and their wider contacts, Christian Nubia, the civilizations of the savannas, forests and coast of West Africa, the Horn of Africa, and Madagascar’s internal development and international contacts.

Three concluding chapters trace the African diaspora in Asia, examine international relations and the spread of technology and ideas within Africa, and assess the overall impact of the period on African history.
The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) at its 16th Session instructed the Director-General to undertake the drafting of a General History of Africa. The enormous task of implementing the project was entrusted to an International Scientific Committee which was established by the Executive Board in 1970. The Committee has decided to present the work covering over three million years of African history in eight volumes, each containing about four hundred pages of text with illustrations, photographs, maps and line drawings. The General History of Africa also clearly brings out Africa’s relations with southern Asia across the Indian Ocean and the African contributions to other civilizations through mutual exchanges.

The General History of Africa is, in large measure, a faithful reflection of the way in which African authors view their own civilization. With the appointment of the 39-member International Scientific Committee, two-thirds African and one-third non-African, which assumes intellectual responsibility for the General History of Africa.
“One of the most ambitious academic projects to be undertaken in this century.”
Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s

(General History of Africa, Vol. 4)

by J. F. Ade Ajayi

Published: 1998

Volume VI covers the history of Africa from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the onset of the European “scramble” for colonial territory in the 1880s.

In spite of a growing European commercial, religious and political presence during the century, outside influences were felt indirectly by most African societies, and they made a variety of culturally distinctive attempts to modernize, expand and develop. Two influential sequences of events – the Mfecane in Southern Africa with its ramifications in Central and East Africa, and the movements of Muslim reformers in West Africa – owed little or nothing to foreign influence and figures prominently in eight of the chapters.

The book opens with four thematic chapters examining the major forces at work in African society at the beginning of the century; Africa’s changing role in the world-economy; new trends and processes; and the effects of the abolition of the slave trade. These are followed by twenty-three chapters detailing developments in the various regions. Two concluding chapters trace the African diaspora and assess the state of the Continent’s political, economic and cultural development on the eve of the European conquest.
Daily Life of the Nubians

by Robert Steven Bianchi

Published: 2004

Description:

Until recently little was known about ancient Nubia and day-to-day lives of the Nubian people aside from knowing it was a civilization contemporary with, distinct from, and living under the shadow of Ancient Egypt. Nubia existed from about 3500-300 BCE, close to 3,000 years. Thanks to recent massive archeological surveys, we now have a much clearer picture of Nubian civilization, what they ate, how they dressed, how they cared for their dead, their military triumphs and defeats, where their cities were built, and what they looked like. Of course they underwent dramatic changes over time, and these are noted where appropriate. Though often confused with the Ethiopians of Greek lore, little doubt remains that Nubians were in fact black African peoples, and their civilization has been claimed by many as proof of a sophisticated and ancient black African society.

For ease of use by students, the work is organized chronologically. Each chapter is divided into convenient subheads that detail military and warfare, government, language, relations with neighboring civilizations; work and the economy, engineering and architecture, housing, transportation, family life, life cycle events, women’s roles, art, music and dance, literature, science, and religion. It includes a historical timeline of Nubian history, a glossary of Nubian terms, and a bibliography for further reading. Throughout the work, Bianchi, an expert on the Nubians, shows how the modern world has little by little come to discover and recognize the distinctiveness and importance of Nubia in ancient history. This work will replace all earlier resources on Nubian life and will provide school and public librarians with the most up-to-date and historically correct information on the Nubians.
Greater Ethiopia : The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society

by Donald N. Levine

Published: 2000

Editorial Reviews:

Greater Ethiopia combines history, anthropology, and sociology to answer two major questions. Why did Ethiopia remain independent under the onslaught of European expansionism while other African political entities were colonized? And why must Ethiopia be considered a single cultural region despite its political, religious, and linguistic diversity?

Donald Levine’s interdisciplinary study makes a substantial contribution both to Ethiopian interpretive history and to sociological analysis. In his new preface, Levine examines Ethiopia since the overthrow of the monarchy in the 1970s.

“Ethiopian scholarship is in Professor Levine’s debt. . . . He has performed an important task with panache, urbanity, and learning.”–Edward Ullendorff, Times Literary Supplement

“Upon rereading this book, it strikes the reader how broad in scope, how innovative in approach, and how stimulating in arguments this book was when it came out. . . . In the past twenty years it has inspired anthropological and historical research, stimulated theoretical debate about Ethiopia’s cultural and historical development, and given the impetus to modern political thinking about the complexities and challenges of Ethiopia as a country. The text thus easily remains an absolute must for any Ethiopianist scholar to read and digest.”-J. Abbink, Journal of Modern African Studies

Culture and Customs of Egypt (Culture and Customs of Africa)

by Molefi K. Asante

Book Description:

Modern Egypt blends African history and geography with Arab culture and religion. With its position at the crossroads of Africa, its status as a major Islamic nation, and continuing interest in its ancient monuments, Egypt makes for fascinating study. This volume provides an accessible, up-to-date overview of a society that greatly evolved, yet retains traces of attitudes and behaviors from the days of the Pharaohs.

About the Author:

Molefi Kete Asante is Professor, Department of African American Studies, Temple University. He is the author of more than 50 books, including The Egyptian Philosophers (2000).

Upper Egypt: Life Along the Nile

by Nicholas S. Hopkins (Editor)

Book Description:

Upper Egypt. Life along the Nile describes life in the southern part of Egypt in the twentieth century. The book represents some of the most recent social and cultural research in the area, and it focuses on aspects of Egypt that tend to disappear in the background of the attractions that tourists see. The authors have done field research in Upper Egypt. This is one of the few recent books contributing to our understanding of this neglected region, which is based on first hand knowledge of local conditions. The book contains articles on agriculture and irrigation, language, religious life among Muslims and Christians, Sufism, customary law, crafts and craftsmen, and tribalism.

Book has lots of photos of modern Egyptians.
Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile

Excellent coffee table book: 12.5 x 9.4 x 1.4 inches; Sudan possesses, among other things,

223 pyramids. This book has 400 pages of color photos of Nubian Kings & Queens, and their artifacts and treasures. Nubian photos you will not find on the internet.

Contents: The Prehistory of Sudan; 6,000 years ago; A-Group and Pre-Kerma; The First Kingdoms;

C-Group; The Kingdom of Kerma; Egypt in Sudan; The Image of the Nubian in Egyptian Art; Napata and the Kushite Dynasty; Kings of the Sacred Mountain; Napata and the Kushite Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt; The Kingdom of Napata and Meroe; The Kingdom of Meroe; Meroitic Writing and Language; The Meroitic Pantheon; Meroitic Treasure; Meroitic Ceramics; Meroe and Hellenism;

Late Meroitic Culture; Meroitic Architecture

Authors: Salah Mohamed Ahmed; Charles Bonnet; Fredrich Hinkel; Hassan Hussein Idris; Timothy Kendall; Lech Krzyzaniak; Jean Leclant; Karl-Heinz Priese; Jacques Reinold; Dietrich Wildung
Early Art and Architecture of Africa (Oxford History of Art)

by Peter Garlake

“There is nothing else like it. A sure guide to the Africa of ancient marvels and scenes of confrontation in times and places long forgotten or unknown.” Basil Davidson

This new history of over 5000 years of African art reveals its true diversity for the first time. Challenging centuries of misconceptions that have obscured the sophisticated nature of African art, Peter Garlake uses the latest research and archaeological findings to offer exciting new insights into the period between 20,000 BC and 1500 AD. All the main regions are covered: southern Africa, Nubia, Aksum, the Niger River, West Africa, Great Zimbabwe, and the East African coast.

Acknowledging the universal allure of the African art object, this book restores it to its original social and historical context, helping us to understand more about the ways in which this art was produced, used, and received.

• 112 illustrations with 64 in full colour

• Invaluable guides to museums, galleries, and websites
The Nubian Past: An Archaeology of the Sudan

by David N. Edwards

348 pages

Routledge (October 30, 2004)

In this book David Edwards, a distinguished specialist in Sudanese archaeology, provides the readers with a very useful and exhaustive outline of the history of the Sudan during the Holocene (from c. 10,000 BC to the present), mainly on the basis of the archaeological evidence which has been brought to light in the last thirty years.

The book is divided into nine chapters about the following topics: Nubia, the Sudan and

Sudanic Africa; Hunters, fishers and gatherers (c. 10,000–5000 BC); The Neolithic (c. 5000–3000 BC);

Kerma and Bronze Age Kush; The Kushite Revival (XXV Dynasty and kingdom of Napata);

Meroitic Kush (c. 300 BC–AD 350); Post-Meroitic transitions (c. AD 350–550); Medieval Nubia

(c. AD 500–1500); and Post-medieval Sudan and Islam (c. AD 1500–1900).

The Rescue of Jerusalem: The Alliance Between Hebrews

and Africans in 701 B.C.

(Paperback – 444 pages – Soho Press (April 1, 2003)

by Henry T. Aubin

From Library Journal:

Aubin argues that the Kushite rescue of Jerusalem from certain annihilation in 701 B.C.E. instigated the Jewish concept of being God’s “elect” and was therefore a seminal event in the development of Zionism. Dealing competently with the biblical and historical sources despite what some might see as a lack of formal training in this area (he is a journalist instead of a historian, though he did do graduate work in history at the University of Strasbourg), Aubin asserts that the Kushites black Africans who ruled Egypt at this time saved the city from destruction by the Assyrians. According to Aubin, historians accepted this view until the late 19th century, when colonialism impinged on the European perception of these events; suddenly, the theory that an epidemic weakened the Assyrian army rose to prominence. Aubin asserts that this was one of the most important battles in history; had the Assyrians wiped out Jerusalem, there would have been no Christianity or Islam. Whether or not one accepts his conclusions, this work is a wonderful exercise in historiography. Recommended for all academic libraries. Clay Williams, Hunter College Library, City University New York
The Nubian Pharaohs: Black Kings on the Nile

by Dominique Valbelle & Charles Bonnet

Product Details:

Hardcover; 216 pages

Published: February 2007

Description:

In 2003, a Swiss archaeological team working in northern Sudan uncovered one of the most remarkable Egyptological finds in recent years. At the site known as Kerma, near the third cataract of the Nile, archaeologist Charles Bonnet and his team discovered a ditch within a temple from the ancient city of Pnoubs, which contained seven monumental black granite statues. Magnificently sculpted, and in an excellent state of preservation, they portrayed five pharaonic rulers, including Taharqa and Tanoutamon, the last two pharaohs of the ‘Nubian’ Dynasty, when Egypt was ruled by kings from the lands of modern-day Sudan. For over half a century, the Nubian pharaohs governed a combined kingdom of Egypt and Nubia, with an empire stretching from the Delta to the upper reaches of the Nile.

The seven statues, with their exquisite workmanship, transform our understanding of the art of this period. In particular, the colossal statue of Taharqa–almost certainly done by an Egyptian sculptor–is a masterpiece of stone artwork. Beautifully illustrated with over 170 color photographs, The Nubian Pharaohs illuminates the epic history of this little-known historical era, when the pharaohs of Egypt came from Sudan. In this major new book, which combines the latest archaeological research with stunning photography, Charles Bonnet and Dominique Valbelle narrate the incredible story of their discovery–one that will change our understanding of Egypt and Africa in the ancient world.
Genesis of the Pharaohs

by Toby Wilkinson

Product Details: 208 pages; (2003)

Peer Review Excerpt:

Genesis of the Pharaohs: Genesis of the ‘Ka’ and Crowns?

by Timothy Kendall, Archaeologist

In his Genesis of the Pharaohs, Toby Wilkinson shines new light on the Predynastic by demonstrating that the majority of rock drawings in the Eastern Desert of Upper Egypt date to Naqada I (c. 4000–3500 BC). Since the petroglyphs depict wild African fauna, hunters with bows and dogs, and men herding cattle, it is clear that the now nearly lifeless region up to 100 km east of the Nile between Quft and Hierakonpolis was at this time a well-watered, well-populated, game-rich savanna. That the rock artists were not mere isolated pastoralists but also part-time Nile dwellers is evident because their works commonly include boats. This implies that the artists probably moved from river to range in seasonal cycles. Because of this, and the fact that so many of the drawings echo subjects in later Egyptian art, Wilkinson makes a compelling case that the rock artists were the ancestors of the dynastic Egyptians. His conclusion: “the heavy reliance of these people on herding and hunting rather than agriculture suggests that their roots — and indeed the roots of Egyptian civilization — lay not so much along the Nile but in the pre-arid Sahara.”
Learn to read hieroglyphics

Egyptian Language Easy Lessons in Egyptian Hieroglyphics

by E. A. Wallis Budge (The father of Egyptology)

This remains the classic introductory volumn for beginners.

also purchase:

Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Vols 1 & 2 by E. A. Wallis Budge

This should be on every students shelf.

King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba

by Blu Greenberg, Linda Tarry, Avi Katz (Illustrator)

Reading level: Ages 4-8

Reviewer:

I picked up this book at the library as reading material for my 17-month-old son. He (and I) loved the illustrations. I appreciated it being a real Bible story, and a history lesson–marvelously illustrated in 48 pages; but this books goes where most authors and illustrators don’t. You won’t see this version of the story in movie theatres. I did additional research to verify the accuracy of its’ contents and I discoverd everything to be valid. This book should be read by all African-American children (and adults). They won’t read about their kings and queens in textbooks as others are portrayed–which is a dis-service to their culture. I purchased three copies for myself and will be purchasing more as gifts.

Sudan Ancient Treasures: An Exhibition Of Recent Discoveries

From The Sudan National Museum

by Derek A. Welsby (Editor), Julie R. Anderson (Editor)

Published: 2004

Hardcover: 336 pages; Over 300 color photos of artifacts

Description:

A comprehensive survey of Sudanese ancient cultures, the history of archaeology in Sudan, current work and recent trends. The Sudan is the largest country in Africa. For millennia it has been the zone of contact between the peoples of Central Africa and those emanating from the Mediterranean world. The National Museum in Khartoum houses one of the finest collections of antiquities from the Nile Valley and is of international importance; however, the vast quantity of material is in store and has rarely if ever been seen by the public. This exhibition will seek to display some of the finest objects produced during all phases of human settlement from the Palaeolithic through to the Islamic period.
Ancient African Metallurgy: The Sociocultural Context

by Michael S. Bisson, S. Terry Childs, Philip De Barros, Augustin F. C. Holl, and

Joseph O. Vogel (Foreword, Editor)

Book Description:

Gold. Copper. Iron. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both public lore and extensive archaeological investigation. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: Where how and when was metal first introduced to the continent? How were iron and copper tools, implements, and objects used in everyday life, in trade, in political and cultural contexts? What role did metal objects play in the ideological systems of precolonial African peoples? Substantive chapters address the origins of metal working and the technology and the various uses and meanings of copper and iron. An ethnoarchaeological account in the words of a contemporary iron worker enriches the archaeological explanations. This book provides a comprehensive, timely summary of our current knowledge. This volume will be of great value to scholars and students of archaeology, African history, and the history of technology.


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