Posts Tagged ‘BLACK CULTURE’
THIS BLACK MAN,IBO MAN IN NIGERIA BELIEVES IN POLYGAMY!-HOW THIS IBO KING MANAGES HIS 5 WIVES SUCCESSFULLY!-FROM SUN NEWSPAPER,NIGERIAAugust 17, 2009
• Why I don’t support one man, one wife and how I manage my five wives
By Geoffrey Anyanwu, Awka
Wednesday, November 28, 2007
Photo: Sun News Publishing
His Royal Majesty, Igwe Dr. Nkeli Nzekwe Kelly, the Okalakwu Igboariam of Okalakwu kingdom, is a traditional ruler with a difference. This is shown in his attire, carriage and the way he rules his people with love and care.
But Igwe Kelly, who has been on the throne for 16 years, has great passion for women. In fact, he told Daily Sun that his target is to marry seven wives. Presently, he has five wives who have given him 13 children.
The traditional ruler has been a lucky man as it is not difficult for him to get his women. According to him, all he needs to do to get a new wife is to just declare his interest and the woman automatically becomes his wife.
In this encounter with Daily Sun, he spoke about his kingdom, his scholarship, the agricultural heritage of his kingdom and other services to his people.
What stands me out
The only thing I know is that nobody is an angel. But I’m trying as much as I can to do what I learnt from abroad where I lived. And that is, to be straightforward in whatever I do and to tell my people the truth. That’s one thing that perhaps makes me special. I don’t know that I am special. But I believe my people love me because I love them, too. I make sure whoever I am dealing with will understand me, where I am coming from and where I am going. You will see my front and back. That’s what makes me special, nothing more than that.
I have all the traditional attire from the various kingdoms, I have them in my kingdom. I have other attires because this kingdom emanated from Benin. Initially, there was only one kingdom in Nigeria. That was the Benin Kingdom. If you watch me sometimes during my Ofala, you see the Ibiwe. Ibiwe means the bead-makers in Benin language. We have bead makers here, they make my wears. Because during the time that King Oba na Edo ruled up to this area, we called him Oba Nidu. I have the history in my kingdom. What my ancestors left behind, I’ve gone through them. The one written in Igbo and in English. I have gone through them and I discovered that there was a time those people extended up to here. There was a king that came into this place and wore the same attire.
So, what happened is, if you want to know my real attire, come on my Ofala day. Other attires, I can change to Emir attire, provided it is a Nigerian attire, but you may not know. Sometimes, I wear attire from the northerners, the Yorubas, the Tivs, the Ibibios, the Anambras, the Imos and so on. So, that’s what makes my dressing different. But if you look into it deeply, you will still see some Igbo cultural wears or traditional wears in those attire.
Life is what you make out of yourself; you cannot depend on your father’s wear because fashion changes all the time. If you are wearing this dress now, if I bought this dress last year for about, let’s say, N50, you may not find that type or style again this year. And if you buy it, they will take you as one who is not current with trends. So, I have brought everything to this level.
Wives and how I choose them
Actually, I have five wives and I am ready to marry more. It depends, because my target is seven. But I don’t know: Life and finance will determine. That is, my pocket will determine how many wives I will be able to accommodate in my kingdom. It is the tradition. You see, one man, one wife, I do not believe in it because there are a lot of women in the society now. Even sometimes, women claim that they own your house with you, the husband.
It is not done; it is only done in England where the man contributes money to the dowry with his wife, contributes money for the dowry, for feeding and every other thing from morning to night. But when you go to a woman’s house, organise a big party, sew uniforms for your wife’s friends, your in-laws, extended families, then tomorrow, will somebody say she owns your house with you? She did not contribute in building the house. How does she own the house? So, that’s why I have my wives with me and they are living happily with me and they are okay.
I choose my wives as a king. When I see somebody I like and I say I will marry you, she will follow me, that is the end of it. Then we do the next things. I will tell my people this is my wife. I don’t go to oracle, I don’t go anywhere. When any girl attracts me or any time I see a woman that attracts me, I will say it: I want to marry you. And from then on, my men will walk in there and I will leave that place and they will dig it out, get the business done for me and bring the lady home.
Managing five wives
The more wives you get, the better for you in your house. If you have only one wife, you will have more than 10 problems. If you have 10 wives, you have only one trouble in the house because instead of fighting you, they will fight themselves. All of them will be fighting to get you, to get your love and attention and you will stay quiet in your house and live long.
But if you marry only one, even if you go out, she will say why did you go and drink? But when they are many, you can go and drink, you can even sleep outside for one month and come back. Provided you know you are not cheating in any way. It depends on the individual, because I don’t like cheating someone. If you are straightforward, then you can marry more. They will not be able to stop you. The more you go in marriage, but watch always your pocket, as I said. You must be financially okay before you go into such marriages, because it involves a lot of money, a lot of spending. What you spend for one wife, times 10 or more, including on extended families. You must make sure you are sound before you go in for the second or third wife.
Our traditional stool
It means I am the servant of my people. I am working for my people and I am happy discharging my duties. I am happy working for them; it is not easy because they say uneasy lies the head that wears the crown. So, it is not easy for me. You must have a lot of challenges. But remember, challenges make you wise. When you have challenges from people, you get wiser, you get stronger, more powerful. But if you have no challenges, you become powerless; you behave like one of your subjects. I like challenges; I like people challenging me from left, right, everywhere. So, if I can defend and bring them down, then I am a good leader. If I cannot defend them and they bring me down, I am not a good leader.
Most memorable time on the throne
I enjoyed my 16 years on the throne from day one to today. I enjoyed every bit, every day of it, but Ofala days are always special times. My community is very good. They are very nice people, they are educated, they are quiet, they are not troublesome and they have understanding. I am happy throughout the 16 years I have been the king of this kingdom.
Changes in the kingdom
Very, very many changes. They have scholarships, they have light, they have everything. There have been a lot of changes since I became the king. Formerly, they were paying school fees. Today, they don’t pay anything, for over 10 years now. Even foreigners who are here do not pay, provided you pay your community dues or any communal contribution. You have to make it otherwise, your children will not be allowed in the schools. You must contribute; you must work with the community to grow the economy. We like people who work like my people. If you come here in the afternoon, you can’t see anybody here. They are all in the bush, rivers, looking for what to eat.
We have achieved a lot. Scholarships, agriculture, we grow food and grow more and more. We have loans from the government and from myself that make them do more work on their farms. If you go to where we farm now, you will see that we have extended the farms. We are even trying to pay for lands, lease lands from other communities in order to cultivate and do our farming business. The land is even not enough for us to farm.
Future vision for the kingdom
My future vision for my kingdom is to make them happy, make them grow economically and make their future bright. Through this scholarship scheme, I know we will get more educated people and from there, they will now spread to all the other parts of the world. What I want is to make them a big community, big town with rich and educated people. That’s my aim and target.
This is just me showing off natural
hair, how it has grown. There’s no
other style I’ll get unless it’s nappy
and natural. No more straight styles
for me. I’m all natural.
i. Promote, preserve and protect Yoruba culture and its people
ii. Offer a credible platform for Yoruba cultural revitalization
iii. Use the platform for positive economic, social, cultural and historical advancement of Yoruba as a people
iv. Serve as a good means of projecting the creativity, rich spiritual and cultural artistry of Yoruba nation
v. Inculcate in our youths the core values of the Yorubas and the concept of Omoluabi through culture to make them better citizens of the world.
The Festival of Yoruba Arts and Culture, seeks to bring to the fore, the rich cultural heritage of the Yoruba all over the world. From the South west Nigeria to the rich agrarian hinterlands of Kwara, Kogi, Edo & Delta State as far as, Ghana, Benin Republic, Brazil and even the United State of America, Europe and other continents of the world, the Yoruba nation has a culture which needs to be revisited and revive.
2.0 THE OBJECTIVE OF THE FESTIVAL
— To organise a programme that will ensure we remain a people
- To showcase the artistic and cultural values of the Yoruba nation
— To re-awaken in the consciousness of the people and the ethics embedded in the culture of the people.
— To preserve our culture and arts for the on coming generations
2.1 VERY IMPORTANT NOTE
- The Festival has no fetish inclination
- It is purely entertainment
- It involves no sacrifices of any idol
- It is only meant to re-awaken our artistic and cultural values
- It has no religious tendency
3.0 ACTION PLAN
- Pre event
- Post Event
3.1 PRE EVENT
3.1.1 Stakeholders forum
This is a forum where the agenda for the festival and the activities of the same is unveiled and other issues discussed. At the end of the meeting, a communiqué will be issued
The meeting will form the basis for follow-up activities in keeping the forth coming festival in the minds of the enlightened segments of society through the print & electronic media.
The group of Stakeholders includes:
Royal Fathers, South-West States Governors Dignitaries, Media Community, Commissioners for Culture and Tourism, Information and Youth and Sports, Ministers for Information, Culture & Tourism, Professionals and Institutes of Arts and Culture/ Tourism, Academia, Leaders of various Yoruba socio-cultural groups.
These groups have been selected into various categories such as:
3.1.2 Stakeholders’ Dinner
A found Raising Activity
The essence of this is to raise funds for the festival. This will complement sponsorship drive within selected Public & Private sector organizations.
3.2 THE EVENT
A three day extravaganza of the Yoruba culture & heritage, exhibited at street level, out door and indoor venues in a selected city within South West, Nigeria.
3.2.1 CHOICE OF FESTIVAL VENUE:
- Availability of appropriate venues for street level, indoor & outdoor activities
- Availability of hotels, motels & guest houses capable of accommodating anticipated local & foreign guests.
- Availability of hostels capable of serving as camps for invited performing troupes.
- Availability of good road and accessible road
3.2.2 PROGRAMME OF EVENTS
18.104.22.168 Street exhibition of Arts and Culture
A 3 – day exhibition of arts/crafts, trades, professions, vocations, food, music, agriculture etc in about two or three streets in the host town. This is to afford the entire citizenry of the host town get a feel of the festival at street level.
- Each road will accommodate specific items for exhibition
- Efforts will be made to provide literature for each exhibited item/activity
- Opportunity for food/drink vendors especially of traditional Yoruba meals to sell to visitors.
- Each road will equally play host to various traditional musical group who will provide all –day entertainment.
- Each road will also play host to selected masquerades to add colour to the street level festival.
The Streetl activities offer various opportunities such as:
Direct Sales activities
22.214.171.124 Opening Ceremony
The festival will be flagged off with funfare
126.96.36.199 States Performance
The three days have been designated for all the participating states in the South west and those in the Diaspora.
The performance will include music, poems, masquerades, dancing, dressing and other performances of special interest.
This will form the basis for the daily activities at the festival grounds.
Immediately after the opening ceremony, the first three states and their troupes begin their performances.
Performances by three other State & their troupes:
Performances by troupes from Yoruba in the Diaspora including Kwara, Kogi, Edo, Delta, Benin Republic, Ghana, Brazil, Cuba, Europe, the United State and other continents.
188.8.131.52 SPECIAL RECEPTION
The Host Governor & The Paramount Ruler will receive the visiting Governors & leading traditional rulers of the performing states each day.
This colourful display of royalty will afford us an opportunity to showcase our Royal Fathers as the centre of our modern culture.
It will equally provide the platform for governors from other state to catch the excitement of the festival thereby preparing themselves in the hosting of subsequent editions.
3.2.3 FESTIVAL GROUND OPPORTUNITIES
The festival grounds provides the following opportunities
Establishment of out door viewing/entertainment centres
Direct sales activities
3.2.4 INDOOR ACTIVITIES
This will include:
Nights of Yoruba Poetry
Night of musical entertainment
184.108.40.206 Nights of Yoruba Poetry/Drama
- Literary events spiced with rich traditional music in an inviting atmosphere.
- Invited guests will be treated to reading of rich Yoruba literature, e.g. Drama, Alamo, Ewi, Itan, Aroba, Aalo, Arofo, Ijala, Rara, Ekun Iyawo etc.
- This activity portends full/part sponsorship by various groups in the public/private sector.
220.127.116.11 The Grand Finale
This event will serve as an opportunity to felicitate with all Stakeholders for a successful hosting of the World Yoruba Festival 2008.
Dignitaries from the public & private sectors – the sponsors and representatives of the participating States & communities will be feted by the host governor.
Leading Yoruba World Class Musicians will be on the band stand supported by other artistes.
4.1 EVENTS SPONSORSHIP
These will include, but not limited to the following:
Cultural centre Rental
Sponsorship of the Culture Gala Night/Closing Ceremony
Transportation, accommodation and welfare support for the State Contingents.
Police command and other security agents for security of lives and properties.
Payment for services at the outdoor/indoor venue e.g. P.A System, Big screens.
Coverage & Broad cast on TV/Radio Stations.
Other entertainments by Artistes/Musicians
To mention but few
4.2 SPONSORSHIP CATEGORIES/CLASSIFICATION
Platinum Sponsor – Full payment for all sponsor able items
Gold Sponsors – A maximum of two sponsors who together pick up the bill for the entire festival
Silver Sponsor;s) – A maximum of four sponsors who take up full sponsorship of the event
Partners –Brands/service that pick up specific items on our sponsorship bouquet.
4.3 MEDIA PARTNERSHIP
Festival partnership will be sought from:
4.4 SERVICE PARTNERSHIP
Also, support of the following service providers and festival partners will be solicited:
Contributions are expected from all our Stakeholders as a tree does not make a forest.
The festival is our collective responsibility and its success is a joy to all of us and a pride to our great nation – The Yorubaland, Nigeria and Africa in general.
Oodua a gbe wa o!
LATEST NEWS:ACCORDING TO THE NATION NEWSPAPER,WED. AUGUST 13,2008 THE FESTIVAL WILL BEGIN IN NOV. AND LAST FOR 6 MONTHS WITH A MONTH IN EACH YORUBA STATE. OSUN,ONDO,LAGOS,OGUN,EKITI,KWARA!
WORLD FESTIVAL OF YORUBA ARTS AND CULTURE
The Yoruba is the largest contiguous group in Africa. South Western Nigeria, which is the economic nerve Centre of Nigeria and home to media, has the largest concentration of the Yorubas in Nigeria .
The World Festival of Yoruba Arts and Culture is conceived and designed to showcase the rich cultural content of the Yorubas, their socio-cultural artistry, tradition, heritage and other historical dynamics of the Yoruba people as a nation.
The event, which may appear sectional and exclusive, was meant to sensitize other nation and nationalities to mobilize and take advantage of what arts and culture has on offer to strengthen bond of friendship, global peace and harmony. It ultimately aims to serves as a bridge-building mechanism for all Yorubas in the African continent and the Diaspora.
i. Promote, preserve and protect Yoruba culture and its people.
ii. Offer a credible platform for Yoruba cultural revitalization.
iii. Use the platform for positive economic, social, cultural and historical advancement of Yoruba as a people.
iv. Serve as a good means of projecting the creativity, rich spiritual and cultural artistry of Yoruba nation.
v. Inculcate in our youths the core values of the Yorubas and the concept of Omoluabi through culture to make them better citizens of the world
It will feature exhibitions, performances, convention of all Yoruba traditional rulers at home and abroad, world Yoruba leaders’ conference, street level artificial markets, packaged tours, regatta and a platform for individual and corporate investment opportunities. It will have a children’s village for drama sketches, story telling and traditional games.
There are about four categories of participants namely:
i. Nigerian participants from States with people of Yoruba extraction ( Lagos , Ogun, Oyo, Ondo, Ekiti, Osun, Edo, Kwara, Delta, Kogi and Niger States )
ii. People of Yoruba extraction from Brazil , Cuba , USA , Trinidad and Tobago , Canada , Republic of Benin , Togo , Cote D’Ivoire , Sierra Leone and so on. These countries are to stage performances at the festival
iii. Foreign tourists who may wish to savour the glamour, fun and taste the rich cultural heritage of the Yorubas
iv. Corporate and individual bodies who may wish to buy into the festival to showcase their services
Lagos and Ogun states are being considered to co-host the Festival being the first of its kind and in view of the facilities required for a befitting outing. This consideration would not however preclude these two states from competing with other States with people of Yoruba extraction for the hosting right of the next festival in two years time.
Among others, the Festival promises to:
i. Serve as an avenue for cultural renaissance
ii. Serve as unification platform
iii. Harness the economic, moral and cultural potentials of the Yorubas
iv. Offer direct economic gains/values to the people and corporate citizens
v. Promote investment opportunities
vi. Project and boost tourism potentials of the Nigerian nation
vii. Serve as avenue to promote global peace and harmony
Benefits to Sponsors
i. It will have direct bearing to the host communities in view of the grassroots content
ii. It is also a most effective mass mobilization strategy
iii. It offers tremendous opportunities to project tourism potentials of the various localities, creativity of local participants and economic opportunities of your state
iv. It offers an informal interactive platform for would-be investors and potential stakeholders in your state’s economy.
i. It will give the organization the benefit of reaching out to a broad and very captive audience and potential customers
ii. Tremendous branding opportunities
iii. It is a one-stop international market place
iv. In view of the international involvement in this festival, organizations will invariably enjoy the best of media publicity
v. Broadening of market outreach
vi. Organization’s logo will be included in our promotional materials including our website, programme of events banners, posters and souvenirs
vii. It will undoubtedly offer organizations a most potent means of fulfilling corporate social responsibility to a critical mass of the people
It is against the aforementioned that we seek your collaboration; participation and sponsorship to enable us achieve the outlined objectives.
UPDATE: MARCH 10,2009
FROM the Guardian Newspaper,Nigeria
Organisers shift Yoruba arts festival
RECENT political developments in Ekiti and Ondo states have led to the postponement of the finals of the World Festival of Yoruba Arts and Culture (WOFEYAC) to the last quarter of this year.
The train of the festival, which opened in Ile-Ife, Osun State last November, should have moved to Ondo and Ekiti states before arriving in Ogun and Lagos states for the finals, but for the leadership changes in Ekiti and Ondo.
The Planning Co-ordinator of the festival, Mrs. Banke Akinlaja, said in a statement yesterday that the dates of the finals were shifted to allow calm return to the political terrain in the South-West.
“This festival is a programme that will continue years after years and we have to ensure that the foundation is well laid. Even if it takes us three years to get there, the task must be to get it right and have a programme that all Yoruba in the world will be proud of.”
Akinlaja said some of the programmes of the festival would continue from April where events promoting Yoruba culture and heritage would be taken round all the South-West states before the finals in the last quarter of the year.
2 oz. castor oil
2 oz. jojoba oil
24 drops rosemary essential oil
20 drops bay (West Indies) essential oil
18 drops atlas cedarwood essential oil
I use this as a scalp oil, hair oil, and as a hot oil treatment.
I modified the recipe for use with water as a spritz:
The Spritz (nappy hair loves water!)
4 oz. water
12 drops rosemary essential oil
10 drops bay (West Indies) essential oil
9 drops atlas cedarwood essential oil