Lynchings in America
A History Not Known By Many
When I was a boy growing up in New Orleans, Louisiana, the word lynching was hardly ever mentioned. My parents only said these “mean” acts happened in the country (rural areas) with white men in white gowns (the KKK). In all my schooling, through high school and on to college, lynching was never part of a lecture or connected with American history. I knew of the word, lynching, but never, never the scope of this violent, hateful act.

On Thursday, January 13, 2000, an article entitled, “An Ugly Legacy Lives on, Its Glare Unsoftened by Age,” by Robert Smith was published in the New York Times. This excellent article revealed a world not known by many Americans living today and especially by me. Without my explaining here, it should be read by all persons, especially as it pertains to race and hate. Without understanding this past evil history, we cannot understand why hate is on the rise today in this year of 2000.

After reading the New York Times article, I wanted to know more about lynching and what could possibly be presented on this squeamish subject. It turned out that an exhibit of rare collected photo postcards were on display featuring lynchings as they took place in America from 1883-1960. I saw this exhibit. It was on view at the Roth Horowitz Gallery in New York City until February 12, 2000. This small gallery took in only about fifteen people at a time, and the line was long. Watching the viewers as they exited revealed what was inside: people with tears, some with anguish, some looked surprised with the horror they had seen.

This New York exhibition presented the collected photocards of Mr. James Allen, a white Atlanta resident who, for fifteen years, sought out these images of racial horror and self-righteous vigilante acts as rare finds. Since most of these photocards were kept as “keepsakes” by some families, Mr. Allen had to solicit ads for purchase. He paid from fifteen dollars to as much as thirty thousand dollars for individual cards. The sixty photo postcards and other material were temporarily housed in the library at Emory University to allow scholars to have access to it, but are now being held by their owner at

Melvin Sylvester, Feb. 2000

1930 lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana
Photo from the official 1977 Citadel yearbook
1919 lynching William Brown in Douglas County, Nebraska

1935 lynching of Rubin Stacy in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Lynching In America
A Book on the Subject
This book, Without Sanctuary: Lynching photography in America (by James Allen, Hilton Als, Leon F. Litwack, with a forward by Congressman John Lewis; Twin Palms Publishers, 2000), is a new, startling book on this shocking topic of lynching in America. This book is an extension of the exhibit held at the Roth Horowitz Gallery and the collected photo postcards of Mr. James Allen of Atlanta, Georgia. Pages of actual real life lynchings are captured with photos and dates with explanatory texts about where these dastardly acts occurred. Mr. Allen says, “Without Sanctuary is a grim reminder that a part of the American past we would prefer for various reasons to forget we need very much to remember.” The book is a vivid account of the existence of lynching on American soil. On view in the book are ninety-eight plates of lynchings and the victims and the people surrounding the actual executions. A few were white; a few were women; but most were African-American men used as prime targets for lynch mobs. To see this book is to try and understand, but it is not for the squeamish viewer or persons not able to transcend reasons why these acts should never have happened.

1936 lynching of Lint Shaw in Royston, Georgia

For Further Reading

About Lynching / Robert L. Zangrando, John F. Callahan, and Dickson D. Bruce, Jr. Modern American Poetry : An Online Journal and Multimedia Companion to Anthology of Modern American Poetry. Urbana, IL : Department of English of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2002.

The aesthetics and politics of the crowd in American literature / Mary. Esteve. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2003. PS169.C75E88 2003

Covers lynching in literature

American lynching : a documenatry feature / Gode Davis and James M. Fortier. Herndon, VA : Bitter Fruit Productions, 2005.

“This documentary explores racist events and attitudes indigenous to the Northern and Southern states that either condoned or condemned lynching as a practice.”

American Negro short stories / John Henrik Clarke. New York : Hill and Wang, 1966. PS647.A35C55 1966x

Includes “The lynching of Jube Benson” by Paul Laurence Dunbar

Anatomy of a lynching : the killing of Claude Neal / James R. McGovern. Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press, 1982. HV6465.F6M35 1982

And the dead shall rise : the murder of Mary Phagan and the lynching of Leo Frank / Steve Oney. New York : Pantheon Books, 2003. HV6534.A7O54 2003

Anti-lynching crusaders helped free our country / Philip Dray. Newsday, A39 (741 words), June 15, 2005.

An apology for old form of terror : Senate expected to vote tomorrow on resolution regarding its failure to help end practice of lynching / Martin C. Evans. Newsday, A34 (600 words), June 12, 2005.

At the hands of persons unknown : the lynching of Black America / Philip Dray. New York : Random House, 2002. HV6464.D73 2002

The awful truth: a photography exhibition unearths the painful history of lynching in America / Danny Postel. Chronicle of Higher Education, 48(44):A14 (3 pages), July 12, 2002.

Black manhood on the silent screen / Gerald R. Butters. Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, 2002. PN1995.9.N4B88 2002

Includes “Oscar Micheaux: From Homestead to Lynch Mob”

Call for reconciliation : Minister attacked by Klansmen seeks understanding as alleged mastermind in triple killing faces trial / John Moreno Gonzales. Newsday, A07 (733 words), June 13, 2005.

Crime, but no punishment : Georgia town is still divided over the murders of four blacks nearly 60 years ago / Tina Susman. Newsday, A30 (1633 words), March 30, 2005.

Dangerous liaisons : gender, nation, and postcolonial perspectives / Anne McClintock, Aamir Mufti, and Ella Shohat. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, 1997. JC312.D36 1997

Includes “On the threshold of woman’s era : lynching, empire, and sexuality in Black feminist theory” by Hazel V. Carby

The Duluth Lynchings Online Resource : a collection of historical documents relating to the tragic events of June 15, 1920. Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, MN : The Society, 2003.

“This web site facilitates access to over 2,000 pages of scanned documents to provide an in-depth and scholarly resource of primary source materials on the subject, designed also for those unfamiliar with this tragic event.”

The Duluth Lynchings Online Resource: historical documents relating to the tragic events of June 15, 1920 / Scott Ellsworth. Journal of American History, 91(1):349-350, June 2004.

Discusses the website:

Ebony rising : short fiction of the greater Harlem Renaissance era / Craig Gable. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 2004. PS647.A35E24 2004

Includes “Lynching for profit” by George S. Schuyler

Elite Georgia’s dark secret / Linda Kulman. U.S. News & World Report, 135(13):49, (800 words), Oct 20, 2003.

1915 lynching of Leo Frank

Etiquette, lynching, and racial boundaries in southern history: a Mississippi example / J. William Harris. American Historical Review, 100(2):387 (24 pages), April 1995.

Exorcising blackness : historical and literary lynching and burning rituals / Trudier Harris. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1984. PS153.N5H28 1984

F.B.I. discovers trial transcript in Emmett Till case / Shaila Dewan and Ariel Hart. New York Times, A14 (917 words), May 18, 2005.

A festival of violence : an analysis of Southern lynchings, 1882-1930 / Stewart Emory Tolnay and E. M., Beck. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, 1995. HV6464.T65 1995

The first Waco horror : the lynching of Jesse Washington and the rise of the NAAC / Patricia Bernstein. Houston, TX :, 2005.

Website to accompany the book.

Fresh outrage in Waco at grisly lynching of 1916 / Ralph Blumenthal. New York Times, A26 (1598 words), May 1, 2005.

Gender, class, race, and reform in the progressive era / Noralee Frankel and Nancy Schrom Dye. Lexington, KY : University Press of Kentucky, 1991. HQ1419.G46 1991

Includes “African-American women’s networks in the anti-lynching crusade” by Rosalyn Terborg-Penn

Go down, Moses : the miscegenation of time / Arthur F. Kinney. New York : Twayne Publishers ; London : Prentice HallInternational, 1996. PS3511.A86G6349 1996

Treatment of lynching in the William Faulkner work

Jasper, Tex., and the ghosts of lynchings past. New York Times, A26 (576 words), Feb 25, 1999.

Revulsion at the death of James Byrd Jr. demonstrates a sea change in public sentiment toward lynchings

Judge Lynch: his first hundred years / Frank Shay and Arthur Franklin Raper. Montclair, NJ : Patterson Smith, 1969. HV6457.S5 1969b

The killing season: a history of lynching in America / Philip Dray. The New Crisis, 109(1):41 (3 pages), January-February 2002.

Excerpt from “At the Hands of Persons Unknown: the Lynching of of Black America”

Kin disagree on exhumation of Emmett Till / Gretchen Ruethling. New York Times, A3 (357 words), May 6, 2005.

The legacy of a lynching / Robert F. Worth. American Scholar, 67(2):65 (13 pages), Spring 1998.

“Like a violin for the wind to play”: lyrical approaches to lynching by Hughes, Du Bois, and Toomer / Kimberly Banks. African American Review, 38(3):451 (15 pages), Fall 2004.

Critical essay

Local sequential patterns: the structure of lynching in the deep South, 1882-1930 / Karherine Stovel. Social Forces, 79(3):843 (14134 words), March 2001.

Lynch-law; an investigation into the history of lynching in the United States / James Elbert Cutler. New York : Negro Universities Press, 1969. HV6457.C8 1969b

Lynch Street : the May 1970 slayings at Jackson State College / Tim Spofford. Kent, OH : Kent State University Press, 1988. F349.J13S66 1988

The lyncher in me : a search for redemption in the face of history / Warren Read. St. Paul, MN : Borealis Books, 2008.
Chronicles the author’s experiences with having discovered his great-grandfather’s role in the Duluth lynchings of 1920 and his subsequent search for the descendants of the victims.

Lynching / John Simkin. Spartcus Educational.

Lynching in America : carnival of death / Mark Gado. TrueTV Crime Library : Criminal Minds and Methods. New York : Turner Broadcasting System, [2005?].

A lynching in the heartland : race and memory in America / James H. Madison. New York : Palgrave, 2001. F534.M34M33 2001

The lynching of persons of Mexican origin or descent in the United States, 1848 to 1928 / William D. Carrigan. Journal of Social History, 37(2):411 (29 pages), Winter 2003.

Lynching victim is cleared of rape, 100 years later / Emily Yellin. New York Times, Section 1, 24 (912 words), Feb 27, 2000.

Ed Johnson from Chattanooga, Tennessee

Masculinity : bodies, movies, culture / Peter Lehman. New York : Routledge, 2001. PN1995.9.M46M34 2001

Includes “Lynching photography and the ‘black beast rapist’ in the southern white masculine imagination” by Amy Louise Wood

Media, process, and the social construction of crime : studies in newsmaking criminology / Gregg Barak. New York : Garland Pub., 1994. P96.C74M43 1994

Includes “Communal violence and the media : lynchings and their news coverage by The New York Times between 1882 and 1930” by Ira M. Wasserman and Steven Stack

Minstrel show; or, The lynching of William Brown (The Plays of Max Sparber) / Max Sparber. Minneapolis, MN : Sparberfans.Blogspot.Com, 1998.

“Retells the story of the real-life murder of an African-American man in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1919, through the narration of two fictional African-American blackface performers.”

The murder of Emmett Louis Till, revisited. / Brent Staples. The New York Times, A16 (912 words), Nov 11, 2002.

New documetary film may cause the 1955 Mississipi case to be reopened

The NAACP crusade against lynching, 1909-1950 / Robert L. Zangrando. Philadelphia : Temple University Press, 1980. HV6457.Z36

The Negro holocaust: lynching and race riots in the United States, 1880-1950 / Robert A. Gibson. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. New Haven : Yale University, 1979 ; posted 2005.

Curriculum unit.

The old religion / David Mamet. New York : Free Press, 1997. PS3563.A4345O39 1997

Play about a lynching in Georgia

On looking: lynching photographs and legacies of Lynching after 9/11 / Dora Apel. American Quarterly, 55(3):457-478, Sept 2003.

On lynchings: Southern horrors, A red record, Mob rule in New Orleans / Ida B. Wells-Barnett. New York : Arno Press, 1969. HV6457.B37

Plays of Negro life; a source-book of native American drama / Alain LeRoy Locke and Montgomery Gregory. Westport, CT : Negro Universities Press, 1970. PS627.N4L6 1970

Includes “Judge Lynch” by J. W. Rogers, Jr.

Race, rape, and lynching : the red record of American literature, 1890-1912 / Sandra Gunning. New York : Oxford University Press, 1996. PS173.N4G86 1996

Racial violence and representation: performance strategies in lynching dramas of the 1920s / Judith L. Stephens. African American Review, 33(4):655 (10281 words), Winter 1999.

Racial violence on trial : a handbook with cases, laws, and documents / Christopher Waldrep. Santa Barbara, CA : ABC-CLIO, 2001. KF221.M8W35 2001

Reading rape : the rhetoric of sexual violence in American literature and culture, 1790-1990 / Sabine Sielke. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2002. PS374.R35S54 2002

Includes “‘The one crime’ and ‘the real ‘one crime” : rape, lynching, and mimicry in Sutton E. Griggs’s ‘The Hindered hand'”

Remember, and learn : the lessons of racism’s ugly history. Newsday, A38 (223 words), June 15, 2005.

Revolt against chivalry : Jessie Daniel Ames and the women’s campaign against lynching / Jacquelyn Dowd Hall. New York : Columbia University Press, 1979. HV6457.H34

Rope and faggot / Walter Francis White. New York : Arno Press, 1969. HV6457.W45 1969

Rough justice : lynching and American society, 1874-1947 / Michael J. Pfeifer. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, 2004. HV6457.P44 2004

Selected works of Ida B. Wells-Barnett / Ida B.Wells-Barnett ; Trudier Harris, editor. New York : Oxford University Press, 1991. E185.97.W55A2 1991

Includes: “Southern horrors : lynch law in all its phases” ; “A red record : tabulated statistics and alleged causes of lynching in the United States, 1892-1893-1894” ; “Mob rule in New Orleans : Robert Charles and his fight to the death”

Senate issues apology over failure on antilynching law / Sheryl Gay Stolberg. New York Times, A15 (739 words), June 14, 2005.

Senate remorse over lynchings / India Autry. Newsday, A27 (232 words), June 14, 2005.

Senators introduce lynching apology. New York Times, A13 (176 words), February 2, 2005.

The shadow of hate a film / Charles Guggenheim and Julian Bond. Washington, D.C. : Guggenheim Productions, Inc., 1995. IMC Video E184.A1S564 1995bx

Includes the Leo Frank lynching in Georgia in 1913

Strange fruit : plays on lynching by American women / Kathy A. Perkins and Judith L. Stephens. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1998. PS627.L95S73 1998

Their majesties, the mob / John Walton Caughey. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1960. HV6791.C38

Over 50 documents republished from various sources

Thirty years of lynching in the United States, 1889-1918 / National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. New York : Negro Universities Press, 1969. HV6457.N3 1969

The tragedy of lynching / Arthur Franklin Raper and the Southern Commission on the Study of Lynching New York : Negro Universities Press, 1969. HV6464.R3 1969b

An ugly legacy lives on, its glare unsoftened by age : critic’s notebook / Roberta Smith. New York Times, E1 (1445 words), January 13, 2000.

Discusses an exhibit of lynching photographs at the Roth Horowitz Gallery.

Under sentence of death : lynching in the South / W. Fitzhugh Brundage. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1997. HV6464.U49 1997

Unnatural selections : eugenics in American modernism and the Harlem Renaissance / Daylanne K. English. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 2004. PS228.E84E54 2004

Includes “Blessed are the barren : lynching, reproduction, and the drama of new Negro womanhood, 1916-1930”

War of words: the controversy over the definition of lynching, 1899-1940 / Christopher Waldrep. Journal of Southern History, 66(1):75 (2 pages), February 2000.

We are coming : the persuasive discourse of nineteenth-century Black women / Shirley W. Logan. Carbondale, IL : Southern Illinois University Press, 1999. E185.86.L57 1999

“‘Out of their own mouths’ : Ida Wells and the presence of lynching”

We charge genocide : the historic petition to the United Nations for relief from a crime of the United States Government against the Negro people / Civil Rights Congress (U.S.). New York : Civil Rights Congress, 1952. E185.61.C592 1952x

Whispered consolations : law and narrative in African American life / Jon Christian Suggs. Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 2000. KF4757.S84 2000

Includes “Lynchings and passing”

“With the past let these be buried”: the 1873 mob massacre of the Hill family in Springtown, Texas / Helen McLure. Southwestern Historical Quarterly, 105(2):293 (29 pages), October 2001.

Without sanctuary : lynching photography in America / James Allen. Santa Fe, NM : Twin Palms, 2000. HV6459.W57 2000

Official website:

Without sanctuary: lynching photography in America / Grace Elizabeth Hale. Journal of American History, 89(3):989-994, December 2002.

Witnessing lynching : American writers respond / Anne P. Rice. New Brunswick, NJ : Rutgers University Press, 2003. PS509.L94W58 2003

Wounds not scars: lynching, the national conscience and the American historian / Joel Williamson. Journal of American History, 83(4):1221 (33 pages), March 1997.

African Americans in the Twentieth Century



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  2. Sam Beau Says:

    the good ole days, when those apes knew their place.

    • Mr. Goodson Says:

      I disagree the apes didn’t know their place, so much so that they took the white garb from the Moors in Spain…and start lynching them….Since 1460 A.D. or earlier, the Negroes of Seville, Spain, had been wearing in the religious procession on the feast of Corpus Cristi, a white robe and hood, strikingly like that used by the KKK, which originated 428 years later…..the apes need to learn their place with FACTS

  3. Magda Says:

    It’s quite ironic that you can put up such ignorant comments Sam and Mr Goodson. DNA technology has proved that the origins of man and woman are in Africa, meaning we are all Africans, Evolution has proved that the only reason some people became lighter skinned was to adjust to the colder climates as some groups of people moved up into Europe and Asia. We are all African. As for the treatment African Americans received and still do in many parts of AMerica, I am ashamed to be part of the human race that could do this to other human beings. The western world may say it is evolved but such prejudice exists still. The colour of one’s skin, or hair or appearance does not make a difference to their spirit inside. The world cannot heal in ignorance! We can only start with education and teach the children of today values and equality if we can hope for a future where tolerance reigns….

    • R. Olesen Says:

      The origins might have been Africa, however, rather than the ‘out of africa theory’ that thousands of blacks left africa around 50,000 years ago and turned into asians and caucasians is false. It has now been proven that whites/caucasians and asians ancestors left africa at least 2 million years ago, as the remains of the Australopithecus Afaransis (the LUCY skeleton found in Africa, or I should say pieces of it) were found in both Europe and SouthEast Asia. The ones in Europe date at least 2 million years, the skulls are totally intact, and they found 9 in one location.

      So if we had existed in Africa as amoeba would that ‘make us all african’ too? Also whites and asians genome series contains DNA from Neanderthal and other hominids that black africans do not. We are genetically NOT the same. Go to Africa and see that native africans HATE american blacks and even blacks from other countries. They do not identify themselves with blacks anywhere else in the world, but only their tribe or country.

      Blacks in america have, on average, about 20% DNA from whites, and a professor of African studies was very surprised to learn (on a documentary about DNA sponsored by Oprah) that 75% of his DNA was from whites. He looked African, but mostly he wasn’t.

      colder climates are irrelevant. If people ‘turned white’ because it was cold, why are Inuits dark with black hair and eyes? (you know, eskimos and those who live/lived in Greenland?) Also human remains as old as 35,000 years have been found in North and South America. There is no way in hell after millions of years, blacks left africa, populated the globe, and turned chinese and scandinavian. The natives living in Siberia and the coldest areas of earth for 10’s of thousands of years never turned white.

    • Oli Says:

      Well said. What those guys said was just disturbing and sick and wrong. Even though R. Olesen is right as well. Mr goodsan and Sam Beau are just jerks.

  4. Guy Maxfield Says:

    We must remember that the whole concept of ” RACE ” is a construct created by European intellectuals ( Yea Right ) that developed this idea to justify Slavery of the ancient world by the new Upstart kingdoms. This allowed the ” Holy Roman Empire ” to spread their brand of Christianity and to justify The rape and pillaging of the new world. What they said we this paraphrased:
    If A Culture ( People ) Historically did not contribute to the betterment or improvement to the condition of mankind. That culture ( people ) Could be treated like chattel slaves

    • R. Olesen Says:

      The concept of RACE or racism in Europe and USSR was created by Leon Trostsky, a jew, as a means to control people through fear.

      Muslims have captured blacks as slaves since the time of mohammed. That is 1,400 years (and obviously before) It is against muslim law to own an ARAB SLAVE or a muslim slave (which they no longer follow on the muslim side). Jews and Arab muslims are the founders of the marketing of black slaves to the Europeans. Arabs wanted majority child and/or female slaves…at least 2/3 female, because sharia laws allows the rape of slaves. Typical was to attack a black village, kill all adult men, all elderly and take the young and female non elderly. 90% of ALL captured blacks DIED before they even reached the slave market. Contrary to this 5% of black slaves died crossing the entire ocean to the “New World” Black men, were CASTRATED as Arabs considered them as animals.

      Obviously they had a CONCEPT of ‘race’ or they would not have (and still do to this day) considered blacks as their natural slaves. ABD (pronounced ah BEED) means slave, and that word is still used as the arabic word to reference ‘black africans’. Arabic muslim Sudanese in the north of Sudan kidnap est. 100,000 black christian Sudanese from the south EVERY SINGLE YEAR for use as slaves. They prefer women, because then they get free sex as well as work, and black african men just don’t work as hard as the women. The country of Mauritania ILLEGALIZED SLAVERY ONLY 4 YEARS AGO…the slaves are black. However NO slaves have been released. Even a recently elected black president in Mauritania still searches for his daughter, who was taken as a slave. In Mauritania, if your mother is a slave, YOU are a slave unless your father is a free man and decides to give you his name. THIS law is in place because many of the slaves babies are conceived by the ‘master’ so he can then decide if he wants his own child to be a slave or not. You would be surprised how many remain slaves. There are still slave markets in Saudi Arabia (they deny this, but it’s been secretly witnessed, etc., and that place is locked up TIGHT, Mecca particularly has open slave markets)

      Go ahead and be sarcastic about “european intellectuals” asshole, but it was the white men and women who fought the entire time for the freedom of blacks, and who sailed navy vessels alongside the coast of africa and freed black slaves being taken to Jeddah to the slave market by ARABS, way back in the 1800’s.

      Egypt illegalized slavery in the 1960’s, AFTER I was born. They still use slaves only now they focus on child slaves and christian slaves who were born in Egypt.

      You know absolutely NOTHING.

      • michael Says:

        you have a lot of stuff written but you say nothing. You seem to think you have it all figured out, and justify one wrong with another, and one good deed outdoes all the wrong. All of your information attemptes to ignore what this site is trying to convey, and your post is the very epitome of ignorance that it is trying to undo. I realize my post is a waste of time because if you responded it would be with the same type of logic as your other posts. You really should not comment here because this is a site for people who are capable of seeing something from another persons point of view.

  5. danesia miller Says:

    I think slavery was started because white people was just to lazy to do there own work and to cheep to pay someone to do it but what they must know that its not right to take someone from free home and sell them in to slavery and then kill them rape them and do god only knows what eles then give us names and call us nigger and try to strip our souls of life and make us feel like we dont matter but when it all comes down really they could not have gotten any were with out us because we did the work

  6. Michael Jordan Says:

    Ultimately whites will pay for their evil deeds. In God’s time all will be revealed. Soon the master will become the slave and the slave will become the master. All is fair in love and war.

    • R. Olesen Says:

      Shut up asshole. Muslim Arabs killed at least 120,000,000 blacks during capture and travel to slave markets in Africa, and their slave market started before the time of Mohammed and still exists today. but you go on and blame whitey for some bullshit, okay?

      #1 cause of death in the United States of black males, is HOMICIDE at the hands of black males. Blacks have killed more blacks in the 20th century than were killed during slavery. Are ‘they gonna pay” too for their evil deeds? AW hell naw, right? racist.

  7. Jay Says:

    Wow…. I would not expect such high ignorance coming from this… wait yes I would because it is ignorance that makes people do what someone smart would think twice about….It is ignorance that forces someone to vote for a political party (republican) that is against their financial interests, it is ignorance that allows people not to accept another’s views of culture or religion, it is ignorance that will destroy our world. The wealthy and powerful use ignorance to control the majority of people, thus large organized religions in the U.S. (christian-right). This why education is not allowed to prosper for the middle and lower class, public school funding is cut and allows ignorance to breed until people do not know what truth is. It is sad and the power is in education, we must fight for our public schools to kill ignorance. What I say is not true? Then why are the “red” states rated lowest in education? Why are the poorest populations in these same states? Why are these states high in organized Christian religion? Why are these states primarily located in the south? It is because what I say is true, you ONLY choose to not believe it because you ARE ignorant.

  8. jarel Says:

    haha makes me laugh. do you think the people who send are children to die in dumb wars see colour . the people who take are money day in day out for any excuse the can dream of.. the same people seeing there own go homeless and jobless…. wake up ..were all niggers in the eyes of the ones up top . theres the poor and the rich .. this colour thing is a game they watch to see us destroy are selfs . i seen muslim blacks whites browns asian .. all crumble with those towers . they killed there own people . like i said were all niggers now. (mixed white and black carribean)

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