Archive for December, 2018


December 26, 2018

FARIDA DAWKINS, at 09:04 am, July 17, 2018, CULTURE

This Somali anti-skin bleaching crusader in the U.S. is ending stigma against dark-skinned women

Amira Adawe on her radio show, ‘Beauty Wellness Talk’…NHPR
Despite the dangers associated with skin-bleaching, the desire for some to change their skin tone has anything but lessened.  Many skin-bleaching creams include mercury, cortisone and hydroquinone; chemicals linked to skin cancer, high blood pressure, thinning of the skin, other forms of cancer, and kidney and liver failure.

Yet many women and men are willing to undergo drastic measures to be regarded as desirable and beautiful, including applying skin-lightening creams and lotions to their skin while pregnant.

The risks associated with skin bleaching inspired Minnesota public health advocate, Amira Adawe, who has made it her personal mission to seek out shops selling skin-bleaching creams and report their activities.

Skin bleaching isn’t passe in Africa, it’s just been re-branded
Ghana to Ban Sale of Skin Bleaching Products in August
African Singer Dencia Encourages Skin Bleaching With ‘Whitenicious’?
The Universality of Skin Bleaching: Looking Beyond Africa

Amira Adawe…Minn Post

Adawe can often be seen in Karmel Square, a meeting point for Somali immigrants in Minneapolis to socialize and purchase goods from their native land. It is also a prime location for the sale of skin-bleaching products.  Adawe uses her visits as an opportunity to scout and report merchants who still sell the controversial products.

As a county public health educator and a graduate student at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Adawe purchased 27 samples of creams in 2011 and had them tested by pollution control agency specialists. Their finding revealed that there were 33,000 parts of mercury per million in the samples given. The Food and Drug Administration only allows one part per million.

Adawe’s actions caused the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to raid and investigate establishments selling lightening creams. The Minnesota Department of Health then issued warnings about the dangers of skin-bleaching creams.

Mercury is a neurotoxin that eats away at the skin, damages membranes and causes death by poisoning. “Just touching a washcloth or a mother’s cheek that has been rubbed with the products could be harmful to a baby, the FDA notes, interfering with brain and nervous system development.”

Adawe is now a manager for the Children’s Cabinet of Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton and host of a weekly radio show dubbed “Beauty-Wellness Talk.” It launched in November 2017.  More than being on a crusade to stop the illegal sale of skin-bleaching creams, Adawe feels it’s important to discuss the issues that prompt women to alter their skin in the first place.

Though it is difficult, Adawe is now allowing women to speak out about the underlying issues such as colorism, self-esteem, social media and how the ideas of self-hate are a seed often implanted by one’s surroundings.

Salma Ali, 19, a Somali-American college student reveals,  “Growing up, if somebody in my family was mad at me, they’d call me koor madow, which means, ‘Hey darker-skinned,’” “And it was an insult.” Ali goes on to say, “I’ve had my aunts come up to me telling me, ‘Salma you’re not ugly, it’s just that your skin is just a little dirty. You need to clean it up. I got some products from China. I’mma hook you up.’ I’m like, ‘How is my skin dirty? I’m taking care of myself.’ But because of the fact that I have darker skin, I’m seen as ugly. And that’s just part of the way we’ve all been socialized.”

“My dream is that every woman stops using skin-lightening creams and trying to change their color,” Adawe proclaims. “And that they are happy for who they are.”

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Farida Dawkins is a blogger, video content creator and staff writer at Face2Face Africa. She enjoys writing about relatable and controversial lifestyle issues that pertain to women in Africa and the African diaspora.

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December 26, 2018

ISMAIL AKWEI, at 11:00 am, December 04, 2018, LIFESTYLE

As Africa loses fight against skin bleaching, Rwanda deploys police to enforce laws

Kagame touring Rwanda Police headquarters — Photo: Rwandan Government
Many African countries have banned skin bleaching products but the laws are not enforced as many skin whitening creams and soaps flood the markets in countries such as Ghana, Togo, South Africa, Mali and Cote d’Ivoire.

The products containing harmful chemicals such as mercury, cortisone and hydroquinone have been linked to skin cancer, high blood pressure, thinning of the skin, other forms of cancer, kidney and liver failure.

To curb the harmful effects of the products and to enforce the laws, Rwanda has deployed the Rwanda National Police (RNP) together with Ministry of Health, Rwanda Food and Drug Authority, Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB), and Rwanda Standards Board (RSB) among other agencies to crackdown on 1,342 brands prohibited in Rwanda since 2013.

“So far, we have seized 5,606 assorted pieces of banned bleaching products, including lotions, oils, toilet soaps and sprays. The illegal products were seized from beauty shops in Kigali, and Eastern, Northern and Western provinces where the operations have been conducted so far,” police spokesperson John Bosco Kabera was quoted by local media New Times.

The products they seized include Maxi-White, Skin White, Fair Light, Secret White, Diamond White, Carotene, Diproson, Caro Light, Clear Men, and Epiderm Crème.

The police said it will continue the operation to get the products off the shelves and to prevent importers from trafficking the products into the country.

“Right now the focus is getting them off the shelves and educating the people both on the law and dangers they pose to users, but at the same time strengthening operations on traffickers of these toxic skin whitening substances,” added the police spokesperson.

The operation was launched after President Paul Kagame joined in the debate on Twitter against the harmful skin bleaching products and ordered the police and health ministry to take action.

Despite all the campaigns against skin bleaching, Nigeria hosted American model, entrepreneur, socialite and former stripper, Blac Chyna, who launched a new skin bleaching cream in Lagos on November 25.

Blac Chyna, real name, Angela Renée White, launched the “Whitenicious X Blac Chyna Diamond Illuminating & Lightening Cream” produced in partnership with Whitenicious by Dencia, a luxury skin care line owned by a controversial Cameroonian singer, Dencia.

Her representatives told local American media that “she has been using Whitenicious dark spot corrector for a few years to deal with her hyperpigmentation” and the new product is for people of colour who suffer from skin issues. According to TMZ, a fancy jar goes for $250.

Cameroonian entrepreneur and singer Reprudencia Sonkey, popularly known as Dencia, has come under attack for her skin bleaching cream, Whitenicious, since its launch in 2014. Her luxury skin care products have been described as an “abomination” that teaches young girls to be ashamed of their skin.

The U.S. based artist has insisted on several platforms that the cream is only for covering blemishes and hyperpigmentation, but not to shame dark-skinned women.

“Some people they don’t feel confident, they don’t feel pure, they don’t feel clean with dark spots. I said seven-day, fast acting dark spot remover. It’s called reading comprehension. If people missed that class, then it’s not my fault. If they think that their whole body is a dark spot then fine, because that’s not how I feel,” she said in a television interview.

Dencia herself has gone through several phases of skin lightening and she looks light-skinned as compared to her previous dark skin.

Skin bleaching is a major problem in Africa and diaspora communities across the world. Many women and men go through the risk of lightening their skins to be regarded as “desirable and beautiful”.

The risks associated with skin bleaching inspired Minnesota public health advocate, Amira Adawe, who has made it her personal mission to seek out shops selling skin-bleaching creams and report their activities.

The Somali anti-skin bleaching crusader is a manager for the Children’s Cabinet of Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton and host of a weekly radio show dubbed “Beauty-Wellness Talk.” She discusses the issues that prompt women to alter their skin including colourism, self-esteem, social media and self-hate.

There is still a high demand for skin bleaching products in Africa which have now been re-branded as “toning,” “dark spot correction” and “lightening” creams.



December 25, 2018


BY NDUTA WAWERU, at 08:00 am, December 15, 2018, NEWS

Rwanda’s Paul Kagame feted by Forbes as the 2018 African man of the Year
As the winner of the African of the Year Award by the All Africa Business Leaders Award, Rwandan President Paul Kagame graces the cover of the January edition of Forbes Africa Magazine.

[NEW EDITION] @PaulKagame, Rwandan president & Chair of the AU, graces the December/January issue of our #ForbesAfrica magazine. In an exclusive interview he speaks to our editor @METHILRENUKA about intra-Africa trade, how governments can drive entrepreneurial growth & much more.

The award, which was presented on November 29, celebrates and honours leaders who have contributed and shaped the African economy.

African of the year award goes to his excellency president @PaulKagame #AABLA2018 #GautengFinale this winner is also on the cover of @forbesafrica December & January issue.

In the magazine, Kagame opened up about the award and other changes he had instituted not only as the president of Rwanda but the chair of the African Union in the past year.

Kagame has been considered a controversial leader, with heaps of praise over how he has led the country through a period of relative peace and prosperity since the genocide in 1994. In the past year, Rwanda has been named the least corrupt country on the continent and second in the ease of doing business.

The president has also come under criticism for alleged harassment, abuse and arrest of his political opponents, including Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza and Diane Shima Rwigara, who were in jail for running against him for the country’s top post. In October 2018, he passed a law that criminalizes statements and publications deemed humiliating by government officials, further increasing his fame as an authoritarian.

Kagame has also been known to be vocal about the influence of the West on Africa, calling for continental leaders to work with each other than depending on aid from the West for the development of the continent. However, he has been seen making deals with companies such as Ali Baba from China, a country he says traded equally with Africa even when there is evidence on the contrary.

His choice as the African man of the year has elicited mixed reactions:

Exemplification of what is wrong with that whole continent… Kagame coludes with the multinationals to exploit the minerals of DR Congo knowingly that the people won’t benefit from it… A Blackman that sells out its own brothers and sisters so whiteman can make a profit…

— RAPHAEL BASISA (@BASISA28212) December 7, 2018

Yall still glorifying dictators with bloody hands. Cute.

— Kazimoto (@kaziimoto) December 4, 2018

Keep inspiring President
Intore izirusha intambwe ✊#ProudlyRwandan

— Prima Ines (@PrimaInes) December 5, 2018

Keep inspiring President
Intore izirusha intambwe ✊#ProudlyRwandan

— Prima Ines (@PrimaInes) December 5, 2018

Very well deserved … H.E is a great inspiration for Rwanda and the rest of Africa … we need to keep the momentum he has started.

— Achille Karuletwa (@AchilleKaru) December 4, 2018

respect 🙏🏽🙏🏽🙏🏽 from chad

— good person (@azzzzzza70) December 4, 2018

Alternative Title:

“The Tyrant”

— Michael Demür (@michaeldemoore) December 4, 2018

Strongman in Africa

— Graphi (@keyym) December 5, 2018

NDUTA WAWERU , Associate Editor

Nduta Waweru considers herself a reader who writes. Like a duck, she’s calm on the surface, but she’s always busy paddling underneath to get you the best stories in arts, culture and current affairs. Nduta has published a poetry collection called Nostalgia, is a YALI Fellow and a member of Wandata-Ke Network.


December 25, 2018

Rasta Livewire
DECEMBER 26, 2010 | DON JAIDE | 50

Muurish St Nicholas
Santa Claus is a shortened form of San/Saint Nicholas. He is supposed to be this easy-go happy fat Nordic fellow (Pale skin man) from the North pole yelling ho..ho..ho.. and as he merrily brings the cheer of the Christmas season to all and sundry.
Who is the real Saint Nicholas?
Nicholas, was probably born during the third century in the village of Patara, in what is now the southern coast of Turkey. He was born of very wealthy ethnic black Anatolians of the ancient Roman Empire. He was one of those ancient and dominant black Muurs of Europe that you only fleetingly come across in today’s western history, because the Gothic Europeans would hide the true Muurish history in Europe.
St Nicholas
Nicholas’ wealthy parents, died in an epidemic while Nicholas was still young. Being a devout Christian, he followed the words of Jesus to “sell what you own and give the money to the poor.”
Nicholas used his whole inheritance to assist the needy, the sick, and the suffering. He was made the Bishop of Myra while still a young man.
The high office of Nicholas at such a young age speaks to dominant role played by Muurish black Anatolians and Africans in creating the church as we know it today.
St Nicholas
It is a historical fact that most of the early and very famous bishops of the church, who lived and gave their lives for the church were either Muurish Africans or Muurish diaspora.

Saint Peter
The icon of Peter the first apostle depicted as a Muurish black man in Rome
Archbishop John Chrysostom, Pope Leo the Great 400-469 AD, Pope Mithilades, Bishops of Rome, Saint Peter the Bishop of Alexandria 300 – 311 AD and innumerable Saints and Matrys were all Muurish people of African descent.

John Chrysostom
Generosity of San Niclaus
Bishop Nicholas was known throughout the land for his generosity to the those in need, his love for children, and his concern for sailors and ships.
Under the Roman Emperor Diocletian, Bishop Nicholas suffered for his faith, was exiled and imprisoned.
After his release, Nicholas attended the Council of Nicaea in AD 325, where he worked with other early fathers of the church to establish the standardized christian doctrine of today.
The passing of the real Santa Claus
He died December 6, AD 343 in Myra and was buried in his cathedral church, where a unique relic, called manna, formed in his grave.
In the picture here that follows, one sees the funeral of St Nicholas.

Funeral of Saint Nicholas
The discovery of this liquid substance, which was said to have healing powers, fostered the growth of devotion to Nicholas. The anniversary of his death became a day of celebration, St. Nicholas Day, December 6th (December 19 on the Julian Calendar).
The fake snow-flakes they call Santa Claus
Today, the western pagans descendants of Gothic and Slavic conquerors of Rome and Christianity have built up an idolatorous image of Odin, the god of the Goths and the Norsemen, and have passed it off as the real Saint Nicholas.
The real St Nicholas
Modern joke of a Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus:

This image of the Gothic idol Odin, is what is passed off around the world as Santa Claus. But for those who have ears and eyes, Odin the pagan god of the Goths, had nothing to do with and nothing in common with the pious and devouted life of Saint Nicholas, the young, Muurish Bishop of Myra, one of the early fathers of the church.

Muurish St Nicholas
To know your history is to know thyself
Oguejiofo Annu
Dec 26th 2010
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DECEMBER 27, 2010 AT 6:00 AM
Are you serious? Levantines, such as St. Nicholas, aren’t black. They’re certainly not pasty white dudes like Santa Claus, either. They are ‘olive-skinned’, like Arabs, Lebanese people, Cypriots, Turks, and Egyptians.
APRIL 20, 2012 AT 6:55 PM
all of them are black fool
JULY 12, 2014 AT 7:46 AM
Are you serious!!?? First of all that is an Ethiopian Orthodox icon above. Every Ethiopian Orthodox icon depicts saints and angles and everything as black african whether or not they really were. I am highly offended by this page because firstly, I am Greek from an island close to Turkey. I am olive-skinned and dark haired. Last time I checked, I aint black. Wait wait wait…. lemme check in the mirror again im not sure… NOPE. Im not im still Greek. Oh and by the way, all of this bullshit above about the early bishops of the church being black Africans!!??? WHAT. John Chrysostom, was a Greek from Antioch. St Peter was a Jew from Judaea. None of them were from Africa or had anything to do with Africa, they were olive skinned and dark haired, levantine and semitic. Your claim is absolute bullshit. Not to mention, Anatolia before the arrival of the Turkish sultanate was thoroughly Greek. It had been that way since mainland Greece became overpopulated and then more so with Alexander the Great’s conquest, Macedonian Greek colonization, and destruction of the Persian empire. St Nicholas of Myra was a descendent of those Anatolian Greeks. He was indisputably a Greek from Asia minor, with olive skin and dark eyes and dark hair. This is not up for debate, it is indisputable fact, as genetic tests have shown through assessment of his relics by scientists. He was not a black african moor. He was a Greek from Asia minor. Secondly, Moors, are from Mauritania. This is modern day morocco. The word Moor comes from Maur which is from the latin denonym form the province of Mauritania. I know this because Mauro or Mavro in Greek refers to a person from this area. Moors are not even necessarily black they could have been Spanish Moors, Arab moors, or sub saharan moors. The term moor has no ethnological value, but rather refers to a person from the province of Mauritania, and is made up of primarily an arabic speaking diaspora of berbers. The term really had more to do with religion: Islam. To sum up, the idea that none of these people were Moors, and even not from Africa, in addition to that I know my own ethnicity, St Nicholas was absolutely of Mediterranean stock, just like me, because I happen to be from the same part of the world and of the same stock as him, the Christian Greeks of Anatolia. He was not black.
JULY 12, 2014 AT 8:49 AM
One: You are arguing against archeological artefacts with your fantasy theories. A picture is more than 10,000 empty boasts. The icons presented on this page mock your desperation. LoL, those icons are not from the Ethiopian Church. They are from Greece, Turkey and Russia. Sorry you fail.
Two: The people living in Greece today were brought there in the late 19th and 20th century by the British from Serbia and Kosovo areas. The other branch are straggler Turks from the Ottoman Empire. You don’t know who you are then. Have you not read about the treaty of lausanne? Here, learn something:
Three: the true colour of a ripe olive is black.
Four: The Romans and the Greeks who brought the word Moor into their language existed before the Muslims, so Muur does not refer to a Muslim. Moor in ancient Greek meant black coloured man. Perhaps you are not Greek enough to know this…
JULY 20, 2014 AT 10:17 AM
im european Polish but this is fact. the true historys been hidden for a while now.. check this site and this
Ntchoro Nyunyoze Ntchorowao
DECEMBER 11, 2015 AT 10:40 PM
You sure don’t seem to get upset when white Europeans with English accents portray themselves as the ancient Greeks who by the way still do not look white. Lol. Since you are Greek, you should know that Ci-Kam or so called Egypt influenced you so much, that the Greeks wanted to claim Egypt. The rest is history. Have you gotten a DNA test yet?
DECEMBER 19, 2015 AT 7:54 PM
You dumb as shit check your back ground cause all nationality originally started wit black ppl trust I study this shit the first Jews japs Chinese Russians etc all started black watch the three HIDDEN COLORS DVD
DECEMBER 3, 2016 AT 1:35 PM
To a degree, I would do some DNA and genetic research, a majority of asian and Europeans were more closley related to eachother and interbred with eachother do to our neanderthal genes at the time. Yes africans might have been our predecessors and some of our ancient ancestors but they have genes a majority of white and asians do not and vice versa.
Donnell McDowell
DECEMBER 5, 2016 AT 7:12 PM
First off research Moorish history and African history and where they traveled to to create cities and civilizations. Secondly I’m sorry bro but you are a product of African descent like it or not don’t believe me have a DNA test and if I’m wrong I will pay for it. It’s time you stop being offended and be informed. I’m sorry there has been a negative connotation attached to black/African descent but it is what it is. See the Moors came from some where before they got to Morrocco and Spain and so on. So you can do all the denouncing you want but facts are facts. Like I said I will pay for your DNA test if you aren’t in anyway of African descent with olive or brown skin it doesn’t happen bro I’m sorry ? but it doesn’t.
DECEMBER 7, 2018 AT 12:19 PM
say it again I want to see a DNA test tpo!
Caroline Rogers
DECEMBER 16, 2016 AT 3:55 PM
You need to do research ASAP. Everything comes from black idiot. There’s no “olive ” or “dark hair” without Africa…remember this, Black can make anything. White can only make White.
DECEMBER 16, 2016 AT 5:55 PM
And all of you have decedent’s of “Egyptians” who mixed with Romans and Greeks, back and forth throughout history..who taught them civilization, those from the land of Kemet before the Greeks dubbed it Egypt, which means land of the blacks, whose original inhabitants that they were. That is why you all are so dark in the first place, you all have a deeply imbedded past as mulatto’s.. A beautiful mixed breed of people, afro/euro decent such as myself, why does this past of “olive” “tanned” etc. whatever you want to call it, to continue to mask in foolish shame who we all “technically” evolve from.
JUNE 4, 2017 AT 2:13 PM
it’s amazing you did all your talking trying discredit thst black was powerful and I’m sorry you failed my friend
SEPTEMBER 6, 2018 AT 12:37 PM
Search your own Greek history and who ruled in those times then reply again.??
NOVEMBER 1, 2012 AT 4:33 AM
black olive skinned… not green olive… no human on earth is green. wakeup evil doer
MARCH 25, 2013 AT 9:17 AM
Olives are BLACK when ripe and Green. The term olive-skinned mean BLACK. Where do you people get those lies.
DECEMBER 5, 2013 AT 5:23 AM
I don’t think you understand egyptians were originally called KEMET which means black land. Aristotle couldn’t tell the difference between ethiopians and egyptians because they looked so much alike. And remember THERE ARE BLACK OLIVES BOSS.
DECEMBER 11, 2015 AT 10:46 AM
The original arabs and egyptians and turks were dark skinned anthropology101
JANUARY 13, 2016 AT 8:55 PM
The original Egyptians are black. Learn black history please “America’s best kept secret.”
AUGUST 25, 2016 AT 6:55 PM
How can you sit there and say Santa Claus wasn’t when once upon of time on earth there only the black race that lived on earth until the falling angels came in and invaded our land and tried to rewrite history,just like How Colombus discovered America right!!!
Learn your history and do research befor you make a comment ?
Khairi Khan Bey
DECEMBER 24, 2016 AT 9:53 PM
Sir, there is more than one shade of “olive”, the people that you refer to as so called Blacks, also have “olive skin”, we just have the most. Where do you think the so called Arabs (who are a mixed people, by the way), Lebanese, Cypriots, Turks, and Egyptians got their olive skin from, huh ? For your information, there was an Arab invasion of Egypt, and “Egypt” is not even the original name of that land, it is rightfully called “Khemet”. Why do you think the Italians refer to the Arabs/Middle Eastern people as “sand-niggers”, huh ? Any shade of skin that is not pale, is olive. If you don’t burn up and peel in the sun, then you have olive skin. If you have dark eyes and dark hair, then 9 times out of 10, you have olive skin. If you have freckles, then that’s a bit of olive, in your genes. St. Nickolas was a Moor, this webiste, and the guy who wrote this was correct ! The Moors are in the Bible, as in the ancient Moabites. Read the book of Ruth, she was a Moabitess. She was the great grandmother of Jesus, so it can be said that Jesus was a Moor as well. Anyone with so called swarthy skin, copper, bronze, brass skin, that’s olive. You’re welcome. Peace.
Bosi Holmes
DECEMBER 28, 2016 AT 12:05 PM
SEEMS TO ME THAT, EVERYTIME the word “Black” is mention, whites and non whites immediately think africa, we may be dark skinned, but not all black people are Africans, WE ARE NOT AFRICANS!!!! rather; a True Israelite from the tribe of Juda, our father is Jacob, who’s name was change to Israel by Yahweh his self. Why is this so hard to conceive, do your research and you will quickly start to see the cover-up and lies told by non blacks all across the globe by the Roman Catholic Church Britain, England, starting with the Kazarians (Vikings, Poland and the Northern Kingdom) for centuries and now (Obviously you can’t believe the truth right in front of your face) you’ve obviously been brain-washed by your society school Jewish scholars and the church. into believing the opposite of what you see. Just do the research for yourself, look beyond your own understanding about things, you will find the truth. God Bless You Fool!
DECEMBER 27, 2010 AT 7:42 AM
You look at the picture of a Maurish black man named St Nicholas and you see a Turk? Are you myopic?
Turks and like races are not the original levantines. Those are recent invaders. The Turks, Mongols, Slavs, Turk-Arabs, Turk-Lebanese, are all invaders that arrived between 500 Ad and present. The Cypriots, the Turko-Egyptians all included. You should read up on the Turkic invasions of the Levantines especially the Seljulk and the Ottoman turks. This same group consist the present majority population in the levantine.
But the original people were Maurs. You see the picture of St Nicholas so dark, and yet he is not Moorish to you nor is he dark in complexion. That is what I call selective vision, or the “see no evil” complex. People with this kind of problems are unaffected by any learning or knowledge that goes contrary to their agendas.
May your eyes judge as you look at the picture of St Nicholas and declare that his “olive black skin” is like the pale pink skin of a Turk. By the way, olive skins are black and dark brown when last I checked.
Know your self.
MARCH 27, 2012 AT 1:48 PM
Where in the world are you getting some of your information…..first Moor Mohr Maur Muur is just a designated title for the dark peoples of the world…however we were also referred as other titles…if arabs are not original …so called black…or invaders …you need to read about the nabatean culture …look at their features…one of my friends appears to look like what is deemed African American but her tirbe has been and are from Saudia Arabia…Secondly Turks come from Turian people and Scythians which are so called black people as well….update your knowledge….its beyond honorable dr. Clarke…Lebenese people are gentically related to the same Canaanites aka Phoenicians which means red brown people ….they are related to philitstines of the Agean sea people…they too are so called black….Phoenicians in Greek mythology was the children of Phoenix the brother of Europa whose father named Agnor was from the land of Egyptus…hmmm what country is that….EGYPT!….mongols are decendants of scythians …so called dravidians and and the manding peoples of africa…. I guess you think the original man or so called black man originally looked like the brother Nelson mandela…well if you check 99% of peoples of the world are born with 7-8 soft loose aether hair similar to what generally people commonly called “Indian” hair ….aquiline noses appear on the brothers who lived in the mountains due to the climate….like most Ethiopians JAHDEY…. furthermore you need to study preadamic man we looked very different and came as different species of so called blacks…remember the mighty earth polar shift about 3times …we were more water ..and climate was humid moist …when nappy hair is in that environment …hair gets frizzy like jerry curls….we once had gills a tail our skin scale like reptiles if not supplied with enough moisture… We were in water for roughly 9months ….we build our cultures near water….this is we are people of the water and Sun….you have lots to learn….So please rasta/Moor brother do your research….before you blasphemy people…the so called white man who I dont hate….are not related to any indigineous peoples of the world …not anglos..not saxons…which means sons of Issac…goths …irish…hindus…welsh…Egyptians…but through intermixing with these said nations….
FEBRUARY 25, 2011 AT 2:52 AM
who cares he can be pink with pokerdots for all i care and so too should you not see the colour of a mans skin it is of no signifigance whatsoever until you overstand this you are lost
FEBRUARY 25, 2011 AT 2:54 AM
If it is of no significance, then why did your gothic forebearers change his colour from olive black to pink?
Stop stratify people
OCTOBER 18, 2012 AT 5:01 AM
you just show pictures that his skin color is pigmented nothing is changed who are you accusing? I’ve being to asia and europe and actually a lot of places in the world. If have seen saints they did not change any image of saints. There are allot of Europeans who are pigmented and allot of Asians too.
That doesn’t make them African. African means that you are a citizen of Africa.
In some far East parts of the world the depicted Jesus as Asian looking with epicanthic fold,nobody has a problem with that and nobody should be. You can depict jesus or santa claus how you wish, everybody has the right to do so.
Black and White doesn’t exist we are all of the same humans. To call one an other black or white only stratify people make divisions instead of uniting them.
If you skin color is pigmented in colder areas overdue time and generations it change into more pigment deficient.
If you skin color is pigment deficient in warmer ereas overdue time and generations it change into pigmentend.
This is natural it is called biology.
she how wonderful nature is in order to protect ourselves from the sun humans develop pigment to protect them selfs from UV vitamin D they get more than enough. In order to get vitamin D in ereas were the sun is scare we create les pigment so the low sun radiation penetrates more easily and more quickly so vitamin D can get created quicker.
If you say he is of African decent or ancestral decent from Africa.
First of al all of ancestors came from Africa are we going to label Albert Einstein an Isaac Newton as African or black then?
Stop stratify people uniting them.
Quam’e Shabazz
JUNE 13, 2013 AT 7:00 AM
JANUARY 20, 2016 AT 12:05 AM
However it is cant you see everything that been change over the years effects how you perceive things uknowingly. I want you to picture jesus christ now whats the fitst image that pops in your head. Smh physiological warfare
Goran Karanikic
APRIL 10, 2011 AT 7:28 PM
Are you trying to say that Saint Nicholas was black skinned ?
APRIL 20, 2012 AT 6:58 PM
OCTOBER 18, 2012 AT 9:02 AM
It is people like you who are beneficiaries of an already stratified society based on false narratives and presumptions who get worried when the status quo is challenged.
If his colour was not important, then why did your melanin deficient ancestors change the Saint Nicolas’ colour from brown to pink? From a melanin rich brown, to a bleached pink?
I await your response, although I suspect you will have none to give!
OCTOBER 18, 2012 AT 11:52 AM
You dont know my ancestors nor my roots whether they were melanin deficient or melanin rich (lets say the skin hue) and of which part of the world my ancestors came from of course of all mankind ancestors came out of Africa and migrated to the rest of the world.
I consider all of humans my roots my ancestors to the melanin deficient to the melanin rich all are my family they are all my brothers in sister (metaphoricaly) I consider you related and a part of my family :).
In Europe there are many saint who are melanin rich and they have never changed.
However you can depict santa claus however you want.
That means everybody in the world can depict santa claus how they want.
From Asian looking with epicanthic fold with a red beard, freckled, black beard or only mustache, melanin deficient to melanin rich. Can do that in statues, and in icons and other depictions.
I’m really good at drawing maybe I should do that, depict santa claus with the biological makeup I wish to give him.
And no one is obliged to depict Santa Claus in just one biological makeup.
NOVEMBER 4, 2016 AT 11:24 PM
Yes he was, why would all these things be hidden if the world wasn’t all black at one time. No one wants to be black until they want to go to the tropical islands, stupid ass hue hate , retrace your roots worse case scenario “YOU MIGHT BE BLACK”now you don’t want to live anymore do you ? Fools made black out to be a bad thing because the whole hueless world has a hand in black slavery and oppression. Guilty lies the truth is coming to light
Robin Roberts
NOVEMBER 20, 2011 AT 12:55 AM
Yes. All of ancient civilization were black people. The Hellens, the Romans, The Monguls, The Turks, and of course the less known group of Germans all tried to take over black civilization world wide in ancient times but could not. They took control of the land but could not learn thousands of years of knowledge needed to maintain a civilization that did not belong to them. It was only when the whites developed guns and cannons of their own that they finally took over the worldwide peaceful empire of the blacks. Including the Americas. This is why White governments world wide do not want blacks to know the truth. And this truth is that the civilization that we know today does not belong to the whites. It was stollen from black people. And white people world wide are in great fear that if black people knew the truth they will rise up and take back what belongs to them and the whites will have to go back to the caves where they are meant to be. And the only place they can exist without killing everything in path. Including the planet.
noble terrell ali bey
APRIL 21, 2012 AT 12:50 PM
satans claws muur in the west the title of the nobles from europe the emperor a empresses qqueens n kings of del marva peninsula whose subjects was misnomered indians ,,the quisa queya chiefs ike anacaona female but not having to be called chieftess ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,the berbers who are not all dark ..WE HAVE WITH US BERBERS FROM MOROCCO ONE AMAZZIGH WITH BLUE EYES SPEAKS 7 LAANGUAGES BUT ARABIC FIRST an albanians aRe muurs, , WE ARE the olive skinned people of all shades ,,patagonian blonds were not dark but had achieved elevation in the order of i.s.l.a.m before being subjugatted to wars from peru to alaska,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,muurs cant use mr or missed her or mrs so there is no mr bey in any affadavit of truth or fact for the readers information im not allowed to answer to anyting named mr nor is any othe muur mr is for 13 14 amendmen THE WORD MENT MEANS MIND APARTMEN DEPARTMENT COMPARTMENT NEW/OLD TESTA MENT =TESTICLES MIND strawman ,,instead of criticizng explaiN why these turks an lebonese of today look so paLE AN HOW THEY CAME IN POWER FROM US IN EUROPE .CAUCUS OF THE ASIAN CAUCUS MOUNTAINS ARE IN TUKEY AN THEY ARENT INDIGINOUS TO EEUROPE BUT WERE BOUGHT TO CAUCUS MOU NTAINS BY MUURS FROM WEST BEFORE COLUBMUS,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,. ,,, WE DIDNT HAVE TO CCALL OURSELF BLACK CAUUSE NO ONE WAS HANGING US CALLNG THE SELF WHITE IN ANCIENT WHICH DOESNT HELP CALLING OUR PEOPLE FROM ANCIENT TIMES WHAT THEY DIDNT CALL SELF AN ADJECTIVE AS A NOUN IN ENGLISH ,AN IF ENGLISH WASSNT SPOKEN UNTIL 1828 IN AMERICA HOW LONG WE BEEN BLACK FROM MIDDLE ENGLISH BLEAC =PALE CLEAR THEY ARE THE NEGRO JAVAA HE GRAFTED BLUE EYED FROM HOLY QURAN JACOBS OLIVE BRANCH IN THE INJEEL THE BLEAC HEY THEY PUT 11TH LETTER K FOR BLACK A MOOR BRINGNG IN OO FROM UU THE O IS THE RING OF SATURN RIGHT AFTER 1492 FOR OTHELO TO BE BLACK A MOOR WITH ALBION WOMAN AN NO RACISM THN NECRO NEGRO = DEAD THE FIRST STRAWMAN BEFORE THE STRAWMAN ,,THE CALLING OF PEOPLE WHITE BY SKIN GRANTS THEM YOUR LAND BY ABANDONMENT IN ADMIRALY MARITIME LAW ,WHEN YOU TAKE THEIR NAME AS YOURS YOU ARE DEAD CIVILITTER MORTUES REDUCE TO NAVY LIBERTIES PRIVILEDGES LIKE DRIVERS LICENSE
noble terrell ali bey
APRIL 22, 2012 AT 6:22 AM
this knowledge is impeccable an unknown by most ,we should be greatful ,many have died not knowing this after only seein bleac satans claws ,that is what is being chanted in the guise of santa ,,inmagic to make illusions exist you must invoke them y chants so tey get the pulic to chant subliminal spell to pu pn them self , like the bail out let baal out ,,sayy ot three times an is charm like dorothi the wizard of oz i wish i were home 3x stopped the illusion ,,,,can we wish we were home an be muurs an stop the illusion of after middle english color of with always in mind what jah dey is saying ,,if it didnt matter what color caus its no color why do albions kill the matter an ask the matter whats the matter when all are born from their muthers matter which is what constructs us or what we are constructed within to be our own living matter breathing matter………………..from the dark to the light the color begins an ends there from the womb to the birth ,,you c dark 9 months then light being born ,,,light not whight or white ,is the sun light white no a cloud is ,is natural light white , no but the light bulb light beezelbulb is painted white to give the illusion that light is white , u c that code ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,does the speed of light have color or clarity
noble terrell ali bey
OCTOBER 18, 2012 AT 5:33 PM
the cathlic sailnts are ogun oshun an the rest of the enetties u know from voodum ,the saints are the orishas obatala shango yemeyah elegua ect ,they all come from that then they called us negro afte they /got/goat raised m by muurs into humanity .tell the albions to stop acting not the muurs to stop reacting to the actions we must answer ,,these people come sayng they white an we black ,thats where it starys tell them they not white n why ,instead ooff telling the muur to shuffle like a negro ,nn take ur argument to united natons an u s a like we do instead of here telling muurs thers no black n white,,, its not us that dont know that ,its us who is branded like cattel into this we didnt brand the bleac peope white an there are bleac people who they now call whigamore wight not white , you cannot n be a free white sovereign iin 14th amendment ,,take u argument to all employers an law enforcement agencies who still arrest people an hire based on color of law ,,no job has hired one who only says they are sentient beings , in north amexum i live in 28 deggrees latitude to a never ending point my longitude is me standing ,,when the police ask where u live thts what u say to stay out of jurisdiction,not the ciy stste zip code or adress cause tht makes u fake white or fake african american in 13 14 amendment
Quam’e Shabazz
JUNE 13, 2013 AT 7:01 AM
Exactly! Its proven that those that have no significant history have no choice but to claim others as their own.
DECEMBER 14, 2013 AT 5:32 AM
Too bad that this very interesting and informative article has to contain such anger and racism and evoke the same in the comments. The bitterness and hatred toward White People is understandable in light of history, but let’s remember that we are all of us, all Humans, red to the elbows in the blood of our Brothers and Sisters, of all living things, both Human and Non-Human.
There is no race, no culture, no civilization which has not produced atrocities, genocides, wars both civil and national, and abuse of its own people. That is a tragic fact.
It brings some Folks to despise Human Beings as a Species and prefer the company of Non-Human Animals because they are honest, they give unconditional love, they do not enslave other creatures, they kill for food or for territory or mates and don’t pretend it’s for honor or religion or peace! The Non-Human Beings are the only Pure forms of Life on Earth, and I include in that Plantkind, Invertebratekind, Reptilekind, Amphibiankind, Fishkind, and Mammalkind…in short everything that is not us is good in all of its works and its ways.
We–not just one race but ALL RACES–are the blight upon this Earth and we are proceeding with its destruction, just as we have ever since we first left Eden. We will surely succeed and it’s interesting that we are now told (if indeed ANYTHING we are told by our Oppressors is true) that as Earth is now, perhaps Mars was once. And what is Mars now? A barren wasteland devoid of any life that we can see, probably devoid of life of any kind…there seems to be no scrap of any sort of life left behind…still, it is a warning to us which I doubt we will ever heed…
There is one spark of Hope, and that is the fact that among Humans, there are kind, compassionate, just and loving Individuals. I believe in that hope. I believe there are probably more of these than of the greedy, corrupt and cruel, but unfortunately, the latter do tend to seize and keep power. Even revolutions which begin in the purest of ideals can end in terror and abysmal cruelty. In fact, it seems that most of them do just that, because they are structured to allow too much power to too few people in the government they establish.
So I can’t give up on Human Beings but will go to my end of life believing that People really are good at heart. I think it is fear, it is mental illness, it is physical disease, it is malfunctions in genetic processes that cause us to torture, rape and slay one another…why we Humans are subject to these anomalies I don’t know…it could be that the evolution of our brains has created this infection of our will…but again, I have hope that rational, compassionate progress can bring about cures for these dreadful illnesses, such as sociopathy, the scourge of our species.
A great Singer-Philosopher asked the question, “Is there a place for the hopeless sinner, Who has hurt all mankind just To save his own beliefs?”
I believe he knew the answer and I believe it with him–yes, there is redemption for everyone! And we who understand that must work for that one love that will save us all.
clare forbes
DECEMBER 14, 2013 AT 7:13 AM
DECEMBER 17, 2013 AT 8:48 PM
Im a scientist and if we use Logic and Reason we can surmise that first, Dr. Leaky found the oldest know bones in his day in Africa of an African woman with the same DNA as all of us. Secondly, his daughter in the late nineties found bones in the Tigris/Uphrates river valley the same Evidence of bones that lend proof to the Out of Africa Theory. Thirdly, they found bones in New Mexico that dated back almost 10000 years and they had characteristics of African Indios people from across the Alaska/ Russia tip. Fourth, Buddha does not have any characteristics of a European and we know through research that yoga, Karate and Judo Originated out of Kemet. I just read where they made another discovery in Jamestown of skulls that were European and showed signs of cannibalism. They scientist surmize that the settlers ate each other because of a lack of food. No bones were linked to Indios people (people of God). I visited the museum of the Caribbean and its well known that Prince Henry the Navigator learn how ro sail from Muir/Blackamoors because before that period, European had no history of sailing around the globe. Now I have other information concerning Kris Kringle ( which is oftentimes linked with St Nick) and its not pretty. Look at the Netherlands and Their celebrations of Sinterklaas and Black Pete and see if ourstory has been whitewashed!! Dr. Cheik Ante Diop in his epic book ” Civilization or Barbarism” will kill any European mindset! Read it….Ptah Ra, Amen Ra ( Christians say Amen not knowing they praying to a black deity)..lolololol…Subeck Hotep
DECEMBER 18, 2013 AT 9:11 AM
Armenian. Saint Nicholas was Armenian.
DECEMBER 18, 2013 AT 9:17 AM
Armenians write in Ethiopic scripts. Saint Nick was an old Armenian and he was depicted as an Ethiopian or a Moor (i.e. Black man). Now I know who the ancient Armenians were. Now I know why they tried to genocide the Armenians.
DECEMBER 19, 2013 AT 4:33 AM
And Kim Kardashian is Armenian and she is built like what group? With Olive skin. And all she like are brothas. .Hotep
NOVEMBER 19, 2014 AT 2:38 PM
Totally agree somewhat with this article, only thing is the date is 300 years too late.
Acts 6.5 and Revelation 2.15
DECEMBER 13, 2014 AT 8:27 PM
BBC just did an article too, there are other old icons. So… St. Nick has just been in the news this 2014
Kojo Amissah
DECEMBER 25, 2014 AT 12:55 PM
Wow! If anything, I don’t have any facts to add but I learned a great deal! Great information!
The Truth
DECEMBER 26, 2014 AT 9:55 AM
Every single person that did anything good in the world is black and can totally be proven. Most can even me explained by simple semantics too, like olive skinned definitely means black because ripe olives are black. Olive doesn’t refer to some word to describe dark yellowish-green color that started to appear in Late Middle English.
Every single person that did anything bad in the world is white, and all white people try to do is rewrite history to reverse these truths but leave these obvious truths for anyone to find if they open their eyes. They rewrite history and books but don’t think to actually cover up their tracks. They didn’t even realize the obvious mistake they left in the term olive skinned. It doesn’t take a bright person to realize that it actually means black.
NOVEMBER 6, 2017 AT 7:44 AM
Sorry, but go ahead and explain how this tradition is more popular in North-West Europe compared to Turkey. There is Germanic/Nordic influence. Ofcourse, st Nick is based upon the bisshop, but he isn’t the only inspiration. None of our religious holidays are purely Christian. Wodan explains the white horse and a couple of other things. However, Moors are popular in our st Nicks story, but we associate them with Spain and Morocco, hence him coming from Spain. Your American Santa is based upon our traditions, which are based upon our views of Spain, Turkey, Greece (Myra was Greek back then I believe) and Wodan. Is Santa more black/African than a white Northpoleman? Yes, most definitly. Is his skin black? I don’t know, probably tanned and with soot. Is he white? No, just often portrayed wrongly as white, I think the Saint we have in the Netherlands is waaay to pink in his face, then again, I thought all old people had a slightly yellow face. I suppose we make him look more Turkish next time

But who cares as long as he has a long beard that covers most of his face. Be a black/white/blue or yellow Santa if you want to be. Just bring gifts.
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The True Meaning of Christmas: Paganism, Sun Worship and Commercialism

December 25, 2018

The Human Truth Foundation

The True Meaning of Christmas
Paganism, Sun Worship and Commercialism
By Vexen Crabtree

#christianity #christmas #history #paganism #sun_worship

Christmas is the celebration of the time when the days start to lengthen, which in the Northern Hemisphere, is in the middle of winter. Many religions in history have claimed the winter solstice as a holy day. The “reason of the season” is a combination of different traditions. It includes sun worship and pagan nature religions who have venerated the natural cycle for many thousands of years. Many traditional elements of Christmas pre-date Christianity1. Nowadays it is laid upon by various Christian stories, and Christians even say, quite wrongly, that they invented Christmas. In combination with these religious sources is a heavy dose of commercialism – many “traditions” are in fact invented by commercial companies trying to find nifty ways of selling goods. A sensible and modern refrain is that Christmas is simply a secular midwinter holiday season; it is important to all families as one of the three holiday seasons in between children’s school terms. Christmas is a multicultural festival with a long pagan history, and can be celebrated by anyone.

Pagan Religions and Sun Worship
A General Pagan History of Christmas
Sun Worship (the Reason for the Season)
The Date of the 25th
The Commercial Takeover of Christmas
The Origin of Christmas Cards
Father Christmas, Santa Claus: The Personification of Christmas
Commercial Christmas
Christianity Versus Christmas
Christmas Was Always Largely Secular
Early Christians Celebrated Christmas in April and May
Anti-Christmas Christians
Case Study: The United Kingdom
Statistics on Church Christmas Attendance in England and Wales
Winterval: The UK Controversy Invented by Cheap Newspapers Such as The Daily Mail
Conclusion: Christmas is Multicultural
1. Pagan Religions and Sun Worship
1.1. A General Pagan History of Christmas
Many traditional elements of Christmas pre-date Christianity1. In other words, Christmas was pagan before it was adopted (and renamed) by Christians. The Catholic Encyclopedia of 1908 states that “Christmas was not among the earliest festivals of the Church. Irenaeus and Tertullian omit it from their lists of feasts”2 – those authors lived into the 3rd century. The CE article concludes that when later Christians adopted the date of the 25th of December for Jesus’ birth, “the abundance of analogous midwinter festivals may indefinitely have helped the choice of the December date, the same instinct which set Natalis Invicti at the winter solstice will have sufficed, apart from deliberate adaptation or curious calculation, to set the Christian feast there too”. Prof. Hutton, a respected and careful primary-sources historian, mentions Christmas in his valuable book on the history of modern Paganism.

“It is also absolutely correct that some British folk customs have descended directly from pagan rituals, such […] the giving of presents and decoration of homes with greenery at midwinter.”

“The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft” by Ronald Hutton (1999)3

“Most Christmas customs are, in fact, based on old pagan festivals, the Roman Saturnalia and the Scandinavian and Teutonic Yule. Christians adopted these during the earliest period of Church history. The Church, however, has given this recognition and incorporates it into the Church year without too many misgivings. Only the more radical fundamentalist elements in some churches protest from time to time about this mixing of ‘pagan’ elements into the religion.”

“The Phenomenon Of Religion: A Thematic Approach”
Moojan Momen (1999) [Book Review]4

And Hutton, from an earlier book, agrees:

“The habit of a midwinter festivity had come by the dawn of history (and probably very long before) to seem a natural one to the British, and not one to be eradicated by changes of political or religious fashion. […] It was general custom in pagan Europe to decorate spaces with greenery and flowers for festivals, attested wherever records have survived.”

“The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain” by Ronald Hutton (1996)5

1.2. Sun Worship (the Reason for the Season)
#mithraism #zoroastrianism

Sun worship formed the basis of Mithraism, Zoroastrianism, other Roman religions and many other pagan traditions. It is the reason Sun-day is a holy day in many religions, and why major festivals are held at spring and at the Solstices. The real meaning of Christmas is sun worship; a reminder to all life on Earth that we owe everything to the Sun. Sun worship is one of the main pillars of all religion, especially older religions. Sun worshippers and nature religions held major celebrations at the Winter Solstice the victory of the strength of the Sun over the forces of darkness that try to suppress it. Osiris-Dionysus represented and was represented by the sun, as was Jesus, whom the Church father Clement of Alexander calls ‘The Sun of Righteousness’6. When old relics and religious symbols (such as Human faces) are given a light backdrop of rays of light or a corolla it means they represent the sun.

“Sir James Frazer says, “The largest pagan religious cult which fostered the celebration of December 25 as a holiday . . . was the pagan sun- worship, Mithraism . . . This winter festival was called . . . ‘the Nativity of the SUN.’ […] Franz Cumont, perhaps the greatest scholar of Mithraism, wrote, quoting Minucius Felix, “The Mithraists also observed Sun-day and kept sacred the 25th of December as the birthday of the Sun. Many scholars have pointed out how the Sun- worshipping Mithraists, the Sun-worshipping Manicheans and the Christians were all syncretised and reconciled when Constantine led the take-over by Christianity[…]”

However, other Sun-worshipping groups were included too, because of the general importance and popularity of Sol Invictus, the Invincible Sun-deity. Mario Righetti, a renowned Catholic liturgist, writes, “the Church of Rome, to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, found it convenient to institute the 25th December as the feast of the temporal birth of Christ, to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honour of the ‘Invincible Sun’, Mithras. […] The mixing of pagan Sun-worship and Christianity is exemplified by the testimony of a Syrian scholiast on Bar Salibi, who said, “It was a custom of the heathen to celebrate on the same 25th of December the birthday of the Sun, at which they kindled lights in token of festivity. In these solemnities and festivities the Christians also took part.” Practically all the known Sun-deities were born on the 25th December. In S.E. Titcomb, Aryan Sun myths, the Origin of Religions, we find it cited, quoted from primary sources, that the following Sun-deities were all born on 25 December, according to their legends: Crishna (Vishnu), Mithra (Mithras), Osiris, Horus, Hercules, Dionysus (Bacchus), Tammuz, Indra, Buddha. Therein we also read of the Scandinavian goddess Frigga in whose honour a “Mother-night” festival was held at the winter solstice (+ – 25 December), as well as a similar great feast of Yule, where a boar was offered at the winter solstice in honour of Frey.”, accessed 2005 Dec 06

Hutton highlights the role that the celebration of light has had through all the threads of history that combined to become part of the symbols of modern Christmas.

“What the Scots did emphasize, in common with many of the English, was light. In 1725 Henry Bourne, a Newcastle clergyman, commented that many people in the North of England lit huge ‘Christmas candles’ on Christmas Eve. […] The Scots and] the Irish were also fond of them. […] Yule candles were also common in Scandinavia, a region which had strong contacts with those parts of Britain which maintained them.”

“The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain” by Ronald Hutton (1996)5

It must also be clear that many Christmas customs are, as we heard from Moojan Momen and Prof. Hutton, very ancient. But they have in present centuries been combined with the very modern phenomenon of commercialism.

1.3. The Date of the 25th
#christianity #mithraism

Christmas day, by other names, “was the ancient feast-day of the Sun, in the depths of winter”, pre-dating Christianity1. But the exact date of the Winter Solstice changes slowly over time. “So, although the solstice moved progressively from 6 January to 25 December, some traditions continued to celebrate it on the familiar night. Today it falls around 22 December”6. The Roman religion of Mithraism, which existed for hundreds of years before Christians started celebrating Christmas, holds that the birth of Mithras was on the 25th of December. In another coincidence, the birth of Mithras was also said ‘to have been witnessed by three shepherds’7.

2. The Commercial Takeover of Christmas
The most skeptical view of modern Christmas is that the fads, decorations, festive goods and all the paraphernalia are a commercial scam to make us spend money on over-priced useless goods. However true this is, it has also become a secular social festival much akin to the American thanksgiving. Families come together at Christmas even if they do not for the rest of the year. It probably helps that Christmas and New Year’s celebrations have become institutionally intertwined. These make Christmas in essence a meaningful family celebration, even if on top of that there is a thick cover of shallow commercialism.

The festivities are largely led by commerce and retail outlets: The relevant decorations, cards, food and goods are all marketed for Christmas, and it is the High Streets that press Christmas upon the populace way before the populace itself is ready. It is a frequent complaint that stores start Christmas “too early” and too aggressively. Several elements of Christmas are the invention purely of commercial advertisements.

2.1. The Origin of Christmas Cards
Take the example of the commercial invention of the Christmas card; with corporate effort, these would have remained an expensive privilege of the rich.

“The Christmas card represented a convenient and sophisticated evolution of the ancient custom of giving blessings or good wishes for the New Year. By 1840 it was often carried on among the wealthier classes by sending a short poem engraved within an ornamental framework. […] This, and some imitations, proved to be commercial failures because they were too expensive. In 1862, therefore, a fresh start was made by the stationers Messrs Charles Goodall, which printed cheap plain greetings. By the end of the decade they were becoming decorated, and other firms were producing them. […] In 1878 the volume sent was sufficient for the Post Office to commence a separate record of Christmas mail, and in the 1890s the cards became a popular craze, and continued to expand their market over the next century. In 1992 1,560 million were sent, and the commercial value of the Christmas card trade was £250 million.”

“The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain”
Ronald Hutton (1996)8

2.2. Father Christmas, Santa Claus: The Personification of Christmas
The human figurehead of the festive season is a modern creation; before the seventeenth century such a figure has no history.

“Nobody seems to have thought of personifying Christmas until the early seventeenth century. It was done then partly because of the general taste of the age for allegory and partly because the criticism of observation of the feast by radical Protestants made a representation of it convenient to writers determined to defend it. Thus in 1616 Ben Jonson introduced to the world, Christmas His Masque, presented a figure ‘in a round hose, long stockings, a close doublet, a high-crowned hat with a brooch, a long thin beard, a truncheon, little ruffs, white shoes, his scarfs, and garters tied cross.’ […] Over the next 250 years this sort of character was to feature repeatedly in pictures, stage plays, and folk-drama, known variously as Sir Christmas, Lord Christmas, or (increasingly) as Father Christmas. He was essentially concerned with the adult world, personifying feasting and games, he had no connection with presents, and he was not treated with much respect, being generally a burlesque figure of fun. Then Santa Claus turned up. In origins he was, of course, the medieval patron of children, St Nicholas, who remained a favourite popular figure amongst the Dutch.”

“The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain”
Ronald Hutton (1996)9

This figure gradually moved from St Nicholas Eve to Christmas Eve.

“In 1809 Washington Irving, whose sentimental interest in traditional Christmases has been mentioned, drew attention to the old tradition in his Knickerbocker’s History of New York, rescheduling it from St Nicholas’s Eve to Christmas Eve. Irving’s portrait was repeated in an 1821 issue of the Children’s Friend, published in the same city, and that may have been the direct inspiration to another New Yorker, Clement Clark Moore, to create the modern Santa. […] His saint was not the traditional, sentimental, figure of the Dutch, but a magical sprit of the northern midwinter. He wore fur cloths, had a bushy white beard, traveled through the sky merrily in a sleigh drawn by reindeer, and came down chimneys with a sack of gifts. […] Soon after 1863, he was frequently depicted wearing a red suit, trimmed with white fur.”

“The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain”
Ronald Hutton (1996)8

From 1931, Haddon Sundblom the illustrator for Coca Cola “drew a series of Santa images in their Christmas advertisements until 1964″10, which is where the tradition of a Santa Claus wearing red comes from. The colours red and green had always been prominent in Christmas card greetings, however.

2.3. Commercial Christmas
Prominent elements of Christmas are commercial inventions, from Father Christmas (and his suit) to Christmas Cards. The history of commercialist Christmas is older still than those creations. From the 1870s onwards, The Times broadsheet could be relied upon to attack the commercialism of Christmas11. Clearly, its commercialisation has not destroyed it and since the nineteenth century, it has become even more popular than ever.

To remove the commercial aspects of Christmas would be largely to destroy it; religious activists would create in its place a series of historically-challenged myths and break it into a sectarian event. Without commercialism the general populace, Protestant Christians, secularists and evangelical Christians would all cease to have anything in common during the festive season.

3. Christianity Versus Christmas
3.1. Christmas Was Always Largely Secular
Despite the nature-reveration, pagan festivals and sun-worship that formed the basis of the Christmas period, Christians sometimes complain that the ‘original’ Christian message is ignored at Christmas. Such modern Christians do not know its history. Christian Churches have themselves led long and bitter campaigns against the observance of Christmas and in various times and places banned it completely. The religious content was always very small, with most celebrations and rituals being secular (i.e., organized by the people, not by clerics). Major elements of Christmas are simply commercial inventions based on themes of nature, such as Christmas cards:

“From the beginning, the proportion of religious themes in [Christmas card] designs was small. Examples from before 1890 (of which the Jonathan King collection has 163,000) show an overwhelming concentration upon the natural world and upon jollity. […] The choice of imagery has remained more or less constant ever since; an evocation of survival, rejoicing, and the resilience of nature, usually constructed around the (literally) vivacious colours red and green.”

“The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain”
Ronald Hutton (1996)8

Modern-day Christmas frequently contains modern Christian elements. Not least of all, in English, the word ‘Christmas’ is the one we are all familiar with, moreso than Yule or Winter Solstice. Nativity stories are taken from the Christian tradition – even though the ideas of shepherds, wise men and the like were all originally pagan, the stories are now told with Christian overtones at Christmas.

3.2. Early Christians Celebrated Christmas in April and May
44% of English children think Christmas is about Jesus12

“Mostly derived from pagan myths, Jesus’ birth stories are very dubious, and it very likely that all such beliefs were written retrospectively by the Roman gospel writers, or were assumed from the outset. There is no evidence or reason to believe that they actually occurred.”

“The Birth of Jesus and the Christmas Story: Pagan and Unhistorical” by Vexen Crabtree (2014)

Christians of the first few centuries did not know for certain where Jesus was born, where he died, or where he was buried. This fact is bemoaned by early Christian leaders. When they did celebrate Christmas, they generally did so in April and May. “Pope Julius I, in the fourth century commanded a committee of bishops to establish the date of the nativity of Jesus. December 25 (the day of Sol Invictus, the invincible sun) was decided upon. Not coincidentally, that is the day when the “pagan world celebrated the birth of their Sun Gods — Egyptian Osiris, Greek Apollo and Bacchus, Chaldean Adonis, Persian Mithra — when the Zodiacal sign of Virgo (the sun is born of a virgin) rose on the horizon. Thus the ancient festival of the Winter Solstice, the pagan festival of the birth of the Sun, came to be adopted by the Christian Church as the nativity of Jesus, and was called Christmas”13. The reasons that the Christians annexed the Winter Solstice, and chose to celebrate Christmas in December instead of Spring, was that influential Roman religions celebrated the birth of the sun-of-the-sun on the Winter Solstice, and the first Christian emperor fused paganism and early Christianity, to create the Pauline Christianity that we know today14.

3.3. Anti-Christmas Christians
#christianity #judaism #paganism

The rhetoric that Christians have used against the celebration of Christmas pre-dates Christianity and originated with Jewish mores against the celebration of birthdays plus their wish to avoid pagan practices. In the book of Jeremiah, 7th century BCE15, it warns Jews and Christians not to “learn the ways” of pagans who bring trees into their homes and decorate them with silver and gold:

“This is what the LORD says: Do not learn the ways of the nations or be terrified by signs in the sky, though the nations are terrified by them. For the customs of the peoples are worthless; they cut a tree out of the forest, and a craftsman shapes it with his chisel. They adorn it with silver and gold; they fasten it with hammer and nails so it will not totter.”

Jeremiah 10:2-4 (NIV)

The first Christians were Jewish converts such as the Nazarenes and Ebionites. Such early Christians and Jews did not celebrate birthdays because they considered it a pagan practice. There are no Christian birthday celebrations in the Bible. It was related, said early Christians, to pagan representation of sun cycles. For these reasons, Biblical fundamentalists do not celebrate birthdays, including Christmas. One such group is the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

“There is no evidence that the first-century disciples of Jesus observed such a holiday. […] Even if Jesus’ disciples had known the exact date of his birth, they would not have celebrated it. […] The only birthday observances mentioned in the Bible are those of two rulers who did not worship Jehovah. (Genesis 40:20; Mark 6:21). […] Those who want to please God do not celebrate it or any other holiday that has its roots in pagan worship.”

“What Does the Bible Really Teach” by The Jehovah’s Witnesses (2005)16

The suspicion of birthdays and the fact that there are no written first-hand records of Jesus or his life, mean that it has long been impossible to work out when he was born.

Modern Christian fundamentalists and evangelicals tell Christians not to celebrate Christmas. “Three and a half centuries ago the English Puritans used their influence within the Cromwellian Republic (Protectorate) to ban Christmas celebrations. […] They asserted (quite correctly by their own lights) that the 25 December had no biblical connection with the birth of their messiah and that the Christmas festival was therefore essentially pagan”13. The Scottish reformers of the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, for example, claimed that the “Papists” (Catholics) had invented all the rites of Christmas so they abolished the lot of them.

“A literary debate […] broke out in December 1643 and was to continue intermittently […] until 1656. Despite a few desperate efforts upon both sides to find some scriptural indication of the true date of Christ’s birth, a common ground was established almost at once; that as there was indeed no objective evidence of when Christ was born, the feast of the Nativity was wholly a creation of later authorities and supported by tradition and not the Bible.”

“The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain”
Ronald Hutton (1996)17

“In 1647 the English Parliament ordered that Christmas, along with other pagan holidays, should cease to be observed. A 1652 Parliamentary act repeated [the ban on Christmas]18. In New England, where celebrating Christmas was considered a criminal offense and remained forbidden until the second half of the nineteenth century… […] as late as 1870 in Boston, students who failed to attend public schools on Christmas were punished by public dismissal.19”

“The Dark Side of Christian History” by Helen Ellerbe (1995)20

Christians nowadays who proclaim that we should “remember the reason for the reason” are ignorant of their own religion and of the history of paganism.

4. Case Study: The United Kingdom21
4.1. Statistics on Church Christmas Attendance in England and Wales21

These graphs are from data published by the Church of England which show the percent of the total population of England and Wales involved. The marriages graph has “Anglican” mean “Church of England” or “Church of Wales”, and also shows the % as the total population of England and Wales (excluding the Isle of Man and Channel Islands).22 You might expect that the National Secular Society would have found statistics that show lower attendance, therefore supporting their cause that organized religion should not be an official part of public politics. However in 2011 they commented on Christmas attendance and state higher values23. They mention that surveys before Christmas in 2010 saw about a quarter of respondents say that they were going to go to Church over Christmas, but, actual counts of attendance shows that only 11% did, which is less than half of those who said they would. This is very similar to the phenomenon by which in official polls, about twice as many say they are religious as actually are. See “Institutionalized Religions Have Their Numbers Inflated by National Polls” by Vexen Crabtree (2009). The Church of England think that just over 2% of the population attended Christmas or Easter in Church in 2010.


“Religion in the United Kingdom: Diversity, Trends and Decline” by Vexen Crabtree (2012)
“Institutionalized Religions Have Their Numbers Inflated by National Polls” by Vexen Crabtree (2009)
4.2. Winterval: The UK Controversy Invented by Cheap Newspapers Such as The Daily Mail21
#atheism #christianity #islam

See: “The Worst of the Modern Mass Media” by Vexen Crabtree (2009) for an analysis of UK news outlets.

Some low-brow newspaper outlets pushed the idea for many years that the ‘political-correctness-gone-mad’ idea of Winterval was officialdom’s replacement for Christmas. The sensationalist idea was that because Christmas has the word ‘Christ’ in it, then, modern secular governments and councils could not support it. So, the types of newspapers that peddle anti-foreigner positions took up the story with gusto. The Guardian blogger Kevin Ascott reported that the Daily Mail repeated the myth the most between 1998 and 2011, a total of 44 times. The Times and The Sunday Times together repeated it 40 times, The Sun 31 times, The Express 26 times and The Daily Telegraph 22 times. The Guardian even mentioned it a few times however, it also ran several articles debunking the myth and in 2011, the Daily Mail eventually faced its critics and admitted that it was wrong.

“After years of perpetuating the Winterval myth, the Daily Mail Corrections and Clarifications column this week admitted it was all made up. It said: ‘We stated in an article on 26 September that Christmas has been renamed in various places Winterval. Winterval was the collective name for a season of public events, both religious and secular, which took place in Birmingham in 1997 and 1998. We are happy to make clear that Winterval did not rename or replace Christmas.”

National Secular Society24 Newsline (2011 Nov 11)

The true source of the story is that of one event promoter who combined several winter events (including Christmas) into one Winterval event in order to simplify marketing. From the Guardian:

The myth was not just repeated, either. It was also gradually distorted to become ever more removed from the original misconception. What started as a myth that one council had rebranded or renamed Christmas became a pluralised, open-ended narrative that ‘councils’ and ‘authorities’ were rebranding or renaming Christmas as ‘Winterval’.

It then mutated from a simple rebranding to a calculated attack on Christianity by ‘atheists’, ‘Muslims’, or the ‘PC brigade’ who feared offending ‘other faiths’ or ‘ethnic minorities’. In one extreme example, the South Wales Echo claimed that Winterval was the result of ‘virulent attacks on religion by atheists’, which had led to ‘new rules such as Christmas being renamed as ‘Winterval’. […]

In all, at least 15 articles directly claim that Christmas was renamed Winterval because of a fear of offending ‘other faiths’. At least a further 10 articles directly claim that Winterval was used to avoid offending ‘ethnic minorities’.

So now, thanks to perhaps one repetition too far, the Daily Mail has finally admitted that Winterval is a media fiction. But what impact will those few lines of correction have compared with the huge body of journalism that has been repeating it for so long as fact? And, more important, will Melanie Phillips offer her own apology for repeating the myth? (2011 Nov 08)

When I first heard the story, I thought ‘ridiculous’ and didn’t believe it was true. I spent a few minutes researching it, and found out that I was right to doubt. Therefore, my world-view was not distorted. Journalists broadcast their opinions to others, and it is downright criminal that failures in basic fact-checking can be so endemic amongst them.

5. Conclusion: Christmas is Multicultural
#christianity #christmas #history #paganism #polytheism #sun_worship

Christmas is a multicultural, multi-religious festival. It combines sun worship, polytheism, pagan nature religions who have venerated the natural cycle for many thousands of years, Christianity and other myths and traditions. When Christians complain it is too pagan, or when lay folk complain it is too religious, or when both groups complain it is too commercial, then they are all in need of realizing that Christmas is a commercial fusion of diverse nature-based festivals. The date of the 25th accords with Sun Worship thousands of years old, the Christmas tree and some of the decorations are pagan, even the Nativity stories are originally pagan, Mithraistic, Roman and Christian.

The main outstanding issue in the West is the Christian assertion that Christmas has something to do with the Christian figure of Christ or his birthday. These elements should be disclaimed. Firstly, the paganism inherent in Christmas, such as decorating trees, is warned against in the Bible (Jeremiah 10:2-4). Second, there are no Christian birthday celebrations in the Bible. Thirdly, early Christians celebrated Christ’s birthday in April or May – it was only changed to match with 25th of December, a major pagan holiday, by Emperor Constantine, in order to harmonize Christianity with paganism. It is certain that Christians should not attempt to celebrate Jesus’ birthday, and they certainly shouldn’t do so at Christmas.

In addition to its rich history, Christmas has now become largely a secular holiday, a social festival based on the family, and a commercial enterprise. Critics largely concentrate of the portions of Christmas they don’t like, and claim that those portions ruin the rest of it. As long as no-one tries to “capture the flag” and exclude others, then there need be no modern conflict over the nature of Christmas. The non-religious can celebrate the commercial and social event, Christians can pretend Christmas has something to do with Christ, pagans can celebrate nature, and all can be happy. There are even alternative and well-known names for Christmas, such as Yuletide, which can be used according to taste. Whether or not one choses to celebrate Christmas is mostly a matter of mood!

Current edition: 2008 May 24
Last Modified: 2014 Dec 13
Parent page: Human Religions


DMOZ links for category
Religion in the United Kingdom: Diversity, Trends and Decline
The Birth of Jesus and the Christmas Story: Pagan and Unhistorical
Modern Paganism (Neopaganism)
“We asked Satanists to describe their perfect Christmas” by Mike Rampton (2017)
All #tags used on this page – click for more:

#atheism #christianity #christmas #history #islam #judaism #mithraism #paganism #polytheism #sun_worship #zoroastrianism

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References: (What’s this?)

The Guardian. UK newspaper. See Which are the Best and Worst Newspapers in the UK?. Respectable and generally well researched UK broadsheet newspaper.

The Bible (NIV). The NIV is the best translation for accuracy whilst maintaining readability. Multiple authors, a compendium of multiple previously published books. I prefer to take quotes from the NIV but where I quote the Bible en masse I must quote from the KJV because it is not copyrighted, whilst the NIV is. Book Review.

The Catholic Encyclopedia. 15 volumes were produced between 1907 and 1912. Updates occurred in 1914 (an index) and 1914 (supplementary volumes). Published by the Robert Appleton Company, New York, USA (later renamed to The Encyclopedia Press). Reproduced on

Breuilly, O’Brien & Palmer
(1997) Religions of the World. Subtitled: “The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions, & Festivals”. Published by Lionheart Books. By Elizabeth Breuilly, Joanne O’Brien & Martin Palmer. Published for Transedition Limited and Fernleigh Books. A hardback book.

Crabtree, Vexen
(1998) “Christianity” (1998). Accessed 2018 Apr 23.
(2014) “The Birth of Jesus and the Christmas Story: Pagan and Unhistorical” (2014). Accessed 2018 Apr 23.

Ellerbe, Helen
(1995) The Dark Side of Christian History. Published by Morningstar & Lark, Windermere, FL, USA. A paperback book.

Freke, Timothy & Gandy, Peter
(1999) The Jesus Mysteries. 2000 edition. Published by Thorsons, London, UK. A paperback book. Book Review.

Hutton, Ronald
(1996) The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain. 2001 re-issue. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. A paperback book.
(1999) The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft. 2001 edition. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. A paperback book.

Martindale, C.C.
(1908) Christmas. Date last accessed 2014 Dec 11. An Entry in The Catholic Encyclopedia. 15 volumes were produced between 1907 and 1912. Updates occurred in 1914 (an index) and 1914 (supplementary volumes). Published by the Robert Appleton Company, New York, USA (later renamed to The Encyclopedia Press). Reproduced on

Momen, Moojan
(1999) The Phenomenon Of Religion: A Thematic Approach. Published by Oneworld Publications, Oxford, UK. A paperback book. Book Review.

NSS. The National Secular Society, London, UK.
Newsline. Weekly news letter. See: “Secularism” by Vexen Crabtree (2011).

Roberts, Jenny
(1997) Bible Facts. Originally published 1990. Current version published by Grange Books, London. A hardback book.

Weiser, Francis X.
Handbook of Christian Feasts and Customs (1983) 64-65. Published by Random House, New York, USA. In Ellerbe (1995) P153..


Breuilly, O’Brien & Palmer (1997). Chapter “Introduction” p21. Added to this page on 2014 Aug 31.^^^
Martindale (1908) .^
Hutton (1999). P122.^
Momen (1999) .^
Hutton (1996). P34,38.^^
Freke & Gandy (1999). P41-42.^^
Freke & Gandy (1999). P40.^
Hutton (1996). P115-116.^^^
Hutton (1996). P177-178.^
Ontario Consultants for Religious Tolerance (OCRT), website accessed 2005 Dec.^
Hutton (1996). P122-123.^
BBC Newsround survey of 1,063 children aged from 7-11. 44% thought Christmas was about the birth of Jesus. The figures were similar for most of the UK, apart from Northern Ireland, where 71% of children said so. Source: National Secular Society 2006 Dec 22 newsline.^
National Secular Society 2006 Dec 15 newsline. Letter submitted by Steve Radford.^^
“How Modern Christianity Began: The Cappadocian-Nicene-Pauline Roman Amalgamation” by Vexen Crabtree (2008)^
Roberts (1997) .^
Jehovah’s Witnesses, The (2005). Ch.16 “Take Your Stand for True Worship”.^
Hutton (1996). P28.^
Ellerbe (1995). P153. . Refers to Weiser (1983).^
Weiser (1983) in Ellerbe (1995) p153^
Ellerbe (1995). P153. Added to this page on 2011 Oct 20.^
Added to this page on 2013 Apr 03.^^^
Church of England Archbishop’s Council “Church Statistics 2010/11” on, accessed 2013 Feb 13.^
Newsline (2011 Dec 09) .^
NSS .^
2008 Sep 30: Page moved from the Bane of Monotheism website to here.
©2018 Vexen Crabtree all rights reserved.
This site uses the HTF Disclaimer (as linked here)


December 25, 2018



December 18, 2018

Check out @lagospedia’s Tweet:


December 16, 2018

BY ABENA AGYEMAN-FISHER, at 10:35 am, May 08, 2015, LIFESTYLE

Skin Bleachers Banned in Ivory Coast

Even though the health risks associated with skin-bleaching creams has long been documented in places, such as India — where the industry is described as “thriving” — many “fairness cream” patrons continue to purchase these products with the hopes of attaining lighter complexions. This week in Cote D’Ivoire, though, the health ministry officially banned the products, saying they are “now forbidden,” reports the BBC.

Speaking to the AFP news agency, Ivory Coast pharmaceutical authority member Christian Doudouko explained that the health ministry came to the decision to ban skin lighteners due to their adverse health effects, “The number of people with side effects [in Cote D’Ivoire] caused by these medicines is really high,” he said.

Consequently, the ministry released a statement, saying, “Cosmetic lightening and hygiene creams…that de-pigment the skin…are now forbidden.”

Justine Kluk, a British dermatologist, further explained to the BBC the side effects associated with skin lighteners.

“[Skin bleaching creams] cause acne, thinning of the skin, glaucoma, or cataracts if applied near the eyes.

“Or if applied liberally to the whole body, [they can] cause high blood pressure, diabetes, osteoporosis, weight gain, mood disturbance due to absorption of large amounts of steroids.”

Still, many expect the ban to do little to stop those who wish to permanently change their God-given hues.

For example, even though South Africa has the world’s “toughest laws” against skin lighteners — with an added ban against most-active skin bleaching ingredient hydroquinone — more than a third of South African women still purchase them.

While many health officials worldwide are quick to rattle off the severe health risks associated with bleaching, many officials fail to acknowledge society’s treatment of its darker skinned citizens.

Face2Face Africa Contributor Sanna Arman wrote to this very issue in her op-ed, “How We Crucify Victims of Oppression Without Crucifying the System“:

Dear Black men and women, I urge you to join the fight against skin bleaching by questioning why “light skin” is promoted in the lyrics of mainstream media, questioning why billboards are promoting the Eurocentric idea of the ultimate beauty, questioning why White privilege still exists.

Question why your local media stations would spend airtime showing you the “ultimate” idea of beauty on the runways, but those are rarely men or women who look like your sister or brother.

In Jamaica, where skin bleaching is reportedly wildly popular, the Ministry’s Director of Health Promotion and Protection Eva Lewis-Fuller further explained, “Bleaching has gotten far worse [in Jamaica] and widespread in recent years. [Bleachers] want to be accepted within their circle of society. They want to be attractive to the opposite sex. They want career opportunities. But we are saying there are side effects and risks. It can disfigure your face.”

And University of the West Indies Literary and Cultural Studies Professor Carolyn Cooper more pointedly added, “If we really want to control the spread of the skin-bleaching virus, we first have to admit that there’s an epidemic of color prejudice in our society.”

In other words, in many regions of the world, one’s complexion is linked to professional and personal opportunities.

In Africa, 77 percent of Nigerian women reportedly buy the most skin whiteners, according to the World Health Organization, followed by 59 percent of women in Togo and 27 percent of women in Senegal.

Who thinks it is time for the “Black is Beautiful” movement to be revived?

ABENA AGYEMAN-FISHER , Editor-in-chief, F2FA

Abena Agyeman-Fisher is the Editor-in-Chief of Face2Face Africa. Most recently, she worked for Interactive One as the Senior Editor of NewsOne, she worked for AOL as the News Programming Manager of Black Voices, which later became HuffPo Black Voices, and for the New York Times Company as an Associate Health Editor. Abena, a Spelman College graduate, has been published in Al Jazeera, the Daily Beast, New Jersey’s The Star-Ledger, the Grio, BlackVoices, West Orange Patch,, the Source, Vibe, Vibe Vixen, Jane, and Upscale Magazines. She has interviewed top celebrities, icons, and politicians, such as First Lady Michelle Obama, Senior Advisor to the President Valerie Jarrett, Civil Rights activist and diplomat Andrew Young, comedian Bill Cosby, Grammy Award-winning singer Jill Scott, actress and singer Queen Latifah, Olympic Gold winner Cullen Jones, international supermodel Alek Wek, and five-division world champion boxer Floyd Mayweather. Most recently, she served as the First Lady’s press reporter during President Barack Obama’s U.S.-Africa Summit, Young African Leaders Institute event, and the 2013 presidential trip to Senegal, Johannesburg, Cape Town, and Tanzania. Abena is also a 2015 International Women’s Media Foundation Africa Great Lakes Fellow, where she reported on women candidates and Chinese sweatshops in Tanzania for CNN and Refinery29.


December 13, 2018

Face2Face Africa

BY MILDRED EUROPA TAYLOR, at 06:00 am, December 13, 2018,

Africa poised to become the world’s largest solar power zone in 2025

The African continent has been facing tough times with shortage of power. The frequent cuts in power supply have been having a toll on businesses and domestic consumers.

It is estimated that in the Sahel region – Senegal, Nigeria, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad, Sudan, and Eritrea, about 64% of the population lives without electricity, hindering economic and social development.

Energy poverty in Africa is estimated to cost the continent 2-4 % GDP annually, cites figures from the African Development Bank (AfDB).

This is how the world’s 10th and Africa’s biggest solar roof looks like
Ivory Coast eyeing eco-efficient city status with solar-powered tricycles
This 48-year-old businesswoman is bringing the biggest solar farm to Ghana in 2019
Africa’s third solar-powered car built by a 30-year-old Kenyan student
Thanks to an initiative that will harness the exceptional solar resource of the Sahel region, the trend is likely to change.

Known as the Desert to Power programme, the initiative is led by the AfDB and other partners to turn Africa’s deserts into new sources of energy.

Outlined as part of the Paris Agreement climate change talks at COP24 in Katowice, Poland this week, the project will provide green electricity to 250 million people through the development of 10,000MW of solar power systems by 2025.

Magdalena J. Seol in the AfDB’s Desert to Power Initiative said: “Energy is the foundation of human living – our entire system depends on it. For Africa right now, providing and securing sustainable energy is in the backbone of its economic growth.”

“A lack of energy remains as a significant impediment to Africa’s economic and social development,” she added.

The Sahel is a semi-arid region on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert, stretching across the African continent from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east.

The programme to turn the desert into energy was first highlighted in June 2018 when the African Development Bank and its partners – the Green Climate Fund, and the Africa50 investment fund signed a letter of intent on the sidelines of the annual meetings of the African Development Bank.

AfDB President Akinwumi Adesina at the time indicated that with investment from the private sector, the initiative could ultimately become the world’s largest solar power zone.

The Desert to Power Programme which will help developing countries adapt to and mitigate climate change, will also create employment and attract private sector involvement in renewable energy in the region.

Electricity will also be more affordable for low-income households while people will “transition away from unsafe and hazardous energy sources, such as kerosene, which carries health risks.”

Currently, renewables projects in Africa include the Ouarzazate solar complex in Morocco, which is one of the largest concentrated solar plants in the world as well as the Climate Investment Fund that has helped fund the Sere Wind Farm in South Africa.

Watch the video below for details about the Desert to Power programme:

African Development Bank Group

The African desert is a huge solar power plant in the making. ‘Desert to Power’ aims to make use of this territory together with countries in the Sahel region to light up and power the region – enough to support 250 million people.


December 12, 2018

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