Archive for March, 2019

GHANA health care

March 26, 2019

Nowadays, the average life expectancy in Ghana is 64 years for women and 57 for men (2010), one of the highest of Africa. This can be explained by a health care system that has been improved and supported a lot by the government in recent years.

Since 2003, a new scheme has been voted and passed into law, in order to abolish the former “cash and carry system” regarding local health services. There is a public healthcare system in the style of universal coverage in Ghana. The system is improving and has been held up as an example for emerging countries. However, this system is still insufficient as the national and public scheme covers an average of only 18% of the total population.
The public insurance system in Ghana is the NHIS (National Health Insurance Scheme). This insurance is financed partly by the government, partly by Ghanaian workers. The workers give 2.5% of their social security contributions to the insurance fund and 2.5% of the VAT also goes into the fund.
District mutual health insurance
The NHIS offers two main possibilities in terms of insurance. First of all, you can get a district mutual health insurance, which is officially issued by the NHIS and financed by the government. This is open to any person residing in Ghana (including low income individuals, unemployed people and people who can not afford insurance premiums). You will get this coverage regardless of your situation, 6 months after your registration.
This insurance is organised and overseen by individual districts. In order to benefit from it, you will have to register at your district office, (located in the district assembly of your area). You will need to fill in a document for yourself and provide at least two passport photos. You will also need to apply on behalf of your children if they are under 18 years old.
It is free to register, and covers everyone for an initial 5 years. You will get a personal card which you will need to bring to any medical appointment in order to be covered.
This scheme is quite basic, and covers conditions, such as malaria, diarrhoea, asthma, hypertension, upper respiratory tract infections, skin diseases and diabetes. These make up 95% of reported diseases in Ghana. This option, however, does not include any support for antiretroviral drugs for HIV, or others tests such as echocardiography, organ transplants, dialysis, angiography, or mortuary services.

You should be able, with this insurance, to get treated in public facilities for free. It is the responsibility of the hospitals and clinics to get the money back from the insurance scheme.
However, it has been said that some medical facilities have refused to treat patients because the insurance never refunds the treatments costs.
Private mutual insurance scheme
The other possibility under NHIS is the private mutual insurance scheme, which allows a group of people to subscribe together to an insurance in order to cater for their health needs. This option generally deals with companies and their workers.
This type of coverage is provided by private insurers who charge companies according to the number of workers in the scheme. This option is not entitled to subsidies from the National Health Insurance Fund.


March 24, 2019

ICCDI AFRICA (@ClimateWed) tweeted at 9:00 PM on Wed, Mar 20, 2019:
#UNN Inaugurates Plant To Generate Electricity From Organic Waste
The University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN) may have set the record of electricity generation by using organic…


March 24, 2019

HomeMum & Child
Why Daily Intake Of Sweets Can Cause Anaemia In Children —Experts
By Sade Oguntola On Mar 9, 2019

DENTISTS usually warn that excessive intake of sweets and other confectionaries could damage the teeth. Now, experts have also cautioned that consumption of sweets, chocolates and other confectionaries by children may put them at risk of anemia and even kidney problems.

In a new study, researchers warned that the high content of lead and cadmium in many sweets children take may pose significant health risks.

The researchers had estimated health risks associated with lead, cadmium, chromium, Nickel and zinc in commonly consumed candies in 50 sweets, chocolates and chewing gums bought from different stores in Port Harcourt and Uyo in AkwaIbon State.

Daily intake, the target hazard quotient (THQ), the hazard index (HI), and the cancer risk were estimated for children.

About 80% of the samples exceeded the 0.1 mg/kg permissible lead level in candies. Milk sweet had the highest lead to Zinc and Cadmium to Zinc ratios of 0.99 and 0.40 respectively.

I was raped by a superior officer ― US Senator

For chocolates, the Emperor had the highest lead to zinc (0.50) ratios and Trident had the highest Cadmium to zinc (0.57) ratios.

The calculated percentage provisional tolerable weekly intake (%PTWI) of cadmium from consumption of chocolates and candies was higher than the Joint Expert Committee for Food Additives (JECFA) standard, and the cancer risk of lead, cadmium, and chromium ranged between 10”7 and 10”3.

The 2019 study involved Orish Ebere Orisakwe at the University of Port-Harcourt in collaboration with Zelinjo Nkeiruka Igweze and Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle. It was published in the journal, Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

A similar finding was reported in Ibadan. In 2015, researchers’ who assessed heavy metal contaminants in biscuits, fruit drinks, concentrates, candy, milk products and carbonated drinks sold, warned that their continuous consumption may be hazardous to health.

The study, published in the International Journal of Biological and Chemical Science involved Adebola RA, Adekanmbi AI and Abiona DL. Twelve different brands of sweet and milk sweets, six different brands of biscuits, 11 different brands of fruit and flavoured concentrates and five different types of liquid drinks, all of popular brands, were collected and tested.

Although the concentrations of these metals in all the samples were found to be lower than their permissible limits, but continuous consumption may be hazardous to health. Accumulation of these heavy metals in the body, over time is hazardous to health.

Dr Ishaiq Omotosho, a biochemical toxicologist and honourary consultant to University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, said lead can easily accumulate in the body with its continuous intake and now manifest in chronic diseases such anaemia and kidney problem.

In addition, he said there are lots of hypothesis on exposure to lead and other heavy metals as causative agent for cancer.

“Lead is still being subjected to verification but others like cadmium and mercury has been substantiated as potential sources of cancer.“

Dr Omotosho, however, stated that children are more vulnerable to the negative effects of heavy metals like lead.

He declared: “They have developing brains that can easily be interfered with when exposed to excessive lead. In fact, for children, there is no safe level of lead exposure because of its long term implications.

“A small child that is exposed to it may not manifest its effect until 10 to 15 years, when the impairment on the brain would have occurred. Often, this may not be reversible.”

A public health expert, Professor Folasade Omokhodion, in a 2015/2016 University of Ibadan inaugural lecture she delivered entitled, “Danger, Men at Work: The Pitfalls, the Perils and The panacea” also warned that the lead level in Nigeria’s environment is unsafe for children.

She cautioned that it may result in decreased intelligence in children, behavioural difficulties and learning problem.

Professor Omokhodion, an occupational medicine and community medicine expert said that a significant proportion of children have blood lead levels of 10 micrograms per decilitre and above.

She declared: “A recent WHO report indicates that even blood lead concentrations as low as 5 micrograms per decilitre, which was once thought to be a “safe level “, may result in decreased intelligence in children, behavioural difficulties and learning problem.”


March 24, 2019 Root (@TheRoot) tweeted at 6:30 PM on Tue, Mar 19, 2019:
Slavery and its legacy is something the United States has never collectively confronted.
Free black labor built this country and the idea of receiving reparations for our labor is something that has become a hot topic of conversation:


March 24, 2019

Reliance on God—a healing of diabetes  / Christian Science Sentinel

March 24, 2019

Reliance on God—a healing of diabetes
By Virginia M. Lindquist
From the July 26, 1999 issue of the Christian Science Sentinel
Relying on God for healing may seem fine for the smaller problems of life. But what about something such as a serious sickness? Is it really wise to turn solely to God under those conditions?
If you have ever doubted that God wants to heal you, or felt that perhaps you are not worthy of healing, you are not alone. But before you shrug your shoulders and turn the page, let me tell you about my experience of healing diabetes.
A few years ago my body wasn’t functioning normally, and I suspected I had the symptoms of diabetes. Several members of my family had this disease, and because of this, I consented to being tested by a physician. The results of the tests showed that I indeed had diabetes. The physician strongly urged me to commence taking insulin by injection immediately.
Since I practice Christian Science, I chose to deal with this problem not by using insulin, but instead by praying wholeheartedly to God to give me the spiritual understanding necessary to heal the sickness. I also prayed to be free of the fear that people were feeling about my unwillingness to take the medication, particularly their thought that my failure to do so could be life-threatening.
For several months I prayed, and I agonized over the right action to take for everyone’s sake — to go the medical route or to continue to lean on God and trust His care. I greatly desired to trust in God because of the previous times God had healed me of ailments.
Then one evening as I was praying, these words came strongly to my thought: “radical reliance on God.” I knew they were words from the Christian Science textbook, Science and Health by Mary Baker Eddy. The complete sentence, which refers to Truth as a synonym for God, reads, “Only through radical reliance on Truth can scientific healing power be realized” (p. 167).
Another paragraph on the same page makes this point: “It is not wise to take a halting and half-way position or to expect to work equally with Spirit and matter, Truth and error. There is but one way — namely, God and His idea — which leads to spiritual being.”
I recognized that God had spoken to me through those four words, “radical reliance on God,” and that He was helping me at that moment to make my decision. The conviction came that I could trust God to care for me, to protect me, to teach me what I had to learn, and to strengthen me through the healing of this disease. I felt a heavy burden lift from my shoulders. I regained my peace.
The Bible asks, “Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?” (Rom. 6:16) I was so at peace to be yielding myself to God’s loving will.
I happily informed my family of the decision, explaining that I felt compelled to rely on God, and only God, for healing. Even before this decision was made, I had not taken the insulin as suggested by the physician, though I did try to watch what I ate. I also exercised by walking more than I was accustomed to. All of this was driven largely by my fear and confusion about how to deal with this disease.
After the message of radical reliance came to me, I paid no more attention to diet and exercise, and I relied completely on God, divine Mind, to heal me. I explained to those who questioned my decision that I trusted God with my life and that they, too, could trust God to take perfect care of me. Shortly thereafter, I knew I was well. There were no more symptoms of the disease. I knew I was completely healed. That was four years ago, and I have been free of this problem all that time.
The spiritual truth that became more and more clear to me was that every function of my true being was demonstrating God’s law of harmony, order, and perfection. Since I was — and am — God’s spiritual image and, therefore, express the perfect, all-harmonious systems of Mind, God — where all of life operates in accord with the laws of God — disorder or excessive or inadequate action had to be impossible. I absolutely refused to yield to any but the mighty power of the one God.
The conviction came that I could trust God to care for me and to strengthen me through the healing of this disease.
Science and Health explains, “Mind, supreme over all its formations and governing them all, is the central sun of its own systems of ideas, the life and light of all its own vast creation; and man is tributary to divine Mind” (p. 209). The diagnosis that certain physical organs were malfunctioning rested on the belief that man is material and subject to breakdown and decay. I held to the fact that I could know only what God knows and feels, because in truth I am always at one with Him; I am His likeness.
I understood that God, divine Principle, was governing my body, which is wholly spiritual. It is not composed of material elements or parts that could function properly one moment and at other times malfunction. Principle, God, never lets us down if we replace fear with trust, and if we understand our divine right to freedom and health.
God, divine Love, has many blessings in store for us when we turn to Him sincerely and faithfully and, yes, radically, to care for us. That reliance on your Father-Mother and mine will reward you with healing just as I was rewarded. After all, there is nothing bigger or higher than God, Love, to turn to.
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Africans Have Apologized for Slavery, So Why Won’t the US? – says Theodore R. Johnson

March 24, 2019

Africans Have Apologized for Slavery, So Why Won’t the US?

Theodore R. Johnson III

Five years ago I stood in a slave castle on Senegal’s Gorée Island at the Door told us that of no return since Africans walked through this doorway, which opened right into the Atlantic Ocean, they were gone forever. During the slave trade, shackled blacks were led out the door and forced onto ships that waited on the other side. If a slave tried to turn back, he could be shot and fed to the sharks that loitered nearby.

After the group had moved on, I lingered a few minutes and wondered if any of my ancestors walked through this door on the way to a life of brutal enslavement. Just then, a Senegalese man walked up to me and asked if I was American. When I told him I was, he put his hand on my shoulder and, with his voice cracking with emotion, said, “I’m sorry, brother.”

Five years ago this week, just months after President Barack Obama took office, the Senate unanimously passed a resolution apologizing for slavery. The Senate acknowledged “the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality and inhumanity of slavery” and apologized “to African Americans, on behalf of the people of the United States, for the wrongs committed against them and their ancestors who suffered under slavery.”

The House of Representatives had passed a similar measure the previous year. But Congress could not resolve the two apologies because of differing views on how the resolution would be used in any discussion of reparations. The Senate version was insistent that an apology would not endorse any future claims. The House could not agree. Significantly, the office of the president of the United States has never issued an apology.

In other words, the United States has never given an unconditional apology for slavery. For a nation that can’t even agree on an apology, the recent conversation around reparations could be seen as little more than an exercise in oratory.

It’s a little absurd that I had to travel across the Atlantic Ocean to West Africa to hear the words “Sorry, brother.”

As it turns out, mine was not a singular event. Many West African nations and tribes have issued apologies for their role in the transatlantic slave trade to black Americans, and even to specific African-American individuals who have traced their ancestry to certain locales and who would otherwise have never received an apology. In 1999 the president of Benin, a neighbor of Nigeria, apologized for his nation’s role in slavery. In 2006 Ghana apologized to American descendants of slaves. A few months ago a Cameroonian chieftain apologized to an African American who’d traced his lineage to a couple of local clans. Other West African tribal leaders have done the same.

The reason for these apologies is the role that some West African tribes and clans played in trading away people from neighboring tribes that they’d captured in war or kidnapped. Though this may appear to have been Africans selling Africans into slavery, it was not that simple. As many scholars have noted, calling all participants “African” presumes a unified identity among captors and captives that did not exist during the transatlantic slave trade. Different tribes saw themselves as completely distinct and held no inherent loyalties to one another, just as people today in Montreal, Mexico City and Washington, D.C., do not see one another as American brothers simply because they sit on the same continent.

However, many West African nations now feel compassion and a sense of responsibility for the descendants of those taken from African soil. They recognize the atrocity and the complicity of some of their ancestors in allowing it to occur. And so they have apologized—without condition.

The United States, on the other hand, has not. Though it has formally apologized for the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II and for subjecting black men to syphilis research during the Tuskegee Experiment, the nation has not mustered the will to do the same for slavery.

And it’s not just the government. In a recent Huffington Post/YouGov poll, only 28 percent of Americans thought that slavery warranted an apology, while 54 percent thought the country should not apologize (18 percent had no opinion). In other words, it is not the will of the American people or of the government to apologize for slavery. This is a significant declaration and communicates to black Americans what the nation thinks of their story.

As a black man and military officer, I was especially proud to see President Obama and the first lady stand in the Door of No Return when they visited Gorée Island last year. The visual of our first black president standing in the spot which symbolizes the victimization and subjugation of generations of black people was incredibly powerful. But for me, what is just as significant is that on the very spot where my commander in chief stood, a man from another country said the words that the nation I love and defend will not say.

Here’s hoping the incentive to apologize will take the same course from Africa to U.S. shores as many blacks did centuries ago.

Theodore R. Johnson III is a writer, naval officer and former White House fellow. His writing focuses on race, society and politics. Follow him on Twitter.

Theodore R. Johnson III is a former White House fellow. His writing focuses on race, society and politics. Follow him on Twitter.

© 2019 Gizmodo Media Group


March 24, 2019

Jooo you will die of skin cancer or before that many other diseases kidney failure, others before 20 years is up! You cannot go for any operation cause your SKIN will break and you die!


March 24, 2019

Check out @Fresh_Flames1’s Tweet:
#NonBeliever✊🏾😡 (@Fresh_Flames1) tweeted at 3:00 PM on Sun, Mar 17, 2019:
Nat King Cole #BlackHistory365

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March 24, 2019

Check out @dijoni’s Tweet:
Don Salmon (@dijoni) tweeted at 3:20 AM on Mon, Mar 18, 2019:
Today is Nat King Cole 100 birthday.

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