Archive for the ‘BLACKS IN MELANESIA’ Category

ENROLL YOUR CHILDREN IN A TRULY AFRICAN SCHOOL,BASED IN A CONDUSIVE VILLAGE ENVIRONMENT,LEARNING AFRICAN CULTURAL VALUES,USING THEIR HANDS TO CREATE AFRICAN CRAFTS AND FARMING AND LEARNING TO BE THE BEST IN ACADEMICS OF WORLDWIDE STANDARD!

September 6, 2008

AFRICAN HERITAGE INTERNATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

THIS BEAUTIFUL BLACK SKINNED SISTER IS FIGHTING BLEACHING BOTH IN UK AND NIGERIA!

September 6, 2008

BLACK SKINNED BEAUTY TINU OGINNI IS FIGHTING BLEACHING IN U.K. AND NIGERIA!

BLACK SKINNED BEAUTY TINU OGINNI IS FIGHTING BLEACHING IN U.K. AND NIGERIA!

dapada-say-no-to-bleaching1

BLACK SKINNED BEAUTIES LIKE DIONNE STEPHENS ARE BELIEVING IN THEMSELVES AND OVERCOMING THAT WHITE BARRIER AGAINST BLACK SKIN!:THE JAMAICA GLEANER NEWSPAPER,2004

August 2, 2008

BLACK SKINNED BEAUTY SUPREME!

BLACK SKINNED BEAUTY SUPREME!

from jamaica-gleaner.com

Black beauty
published: Monday | February 16, 2004

CLICK ON: jamaica-gleaner.com
Dionne,a BLACK BEAUTY(PICTURE)
THE JAMAICAN INVASION

JAMAICAN MODELS have always done well overseas and their accomplishments have been well noted in the media. However, in recent years, there has been an overwhelming demand for dark-skinned models – mainly for their exotic look. Ethnic models such as Naomi Campbell from Britain, Alek Wek, Liya Kebede and Yasmine Warsame from Africa have definitely made their mark in the world of fashion and have paved the way for other dark-skinned beauties such as our own Nakeisha Robinson, Nadine Willis and Jaunel McKenzie.

Lately, other Jamaican black beauties have made an impact in the international fashion scene and one of the modelling agencies that have made this happen is Saint International. Headed by CEO Deiwight Peters, Saint has placed a number of Jamaican models with leading agencies in the fashion capitals of the world such as Milan, London, Paris and New York. The agency has also broken into the South African market, where a number of Jamaican models have been placed doing either editorials, commercials or both. In this week’s issue, Flair focuses on the successes of some of these Jamaican beauties who have stunned the world and are managing to hold their own in a glamorous yet competitive environment.

DIONNE’S A STUNNER

A former web-site administrator of the RJR Communication Group, Dionne Stephens entered the world of modelling two and a half years ago, but was signed internationally by Saint since last June. Standing at 5ft. 9in. tall, Stephens’ charcoal black skin is becoming a favourite among fashion photographers across Europe. She continues on her blazing success trail scoring the cover of one of Spain’s leading fashion magazines Punto H.

The black beauty, who is presently based in London with Profile Models, has also been a favourite among leading European magazines from the start. She has made two appearances in the iconic ID magazine with other high profile magazines such as Bolz, Tense, the South African Marie Claire, Colors, French Connection UK, Look Book, Star Mag among others. She also has an upcoming spread in Trace Magazine, which promises to take her career to yet another level.

In January, Stephens started the year with renowned British designer Ted Baker. She also strutted down the catwalk during London Fashion Week last year for another famous British designer Hamish Marrow and is expected to do so for other clients in this year’s Fashion Week.

LIFE BEHIND THE CAMERA

We spoke to Stephens recently between castings in London via her cellphone and asked her a few questions about her new fabulous life as a model.

FL: How are you finding your new life as a fashion model. Is it glamorous as several persons may think?

Stephens: Before I started modelling, I always assumed as others that it was an exciting lifestyle. Now that I’m getting first-hand experience, I’ve realised that it’s not as exciting as it seems. It’s actually hard and photo shoots are definitely not glamorous while doing them. although the end results may seem so.

FL: What has been your most difficult photo shoot?

Stephens: The hardest shoot for me was while doing the one for Trace Magazine. I was strapped in a harness from the ceiling while holding a pound of iron in my hands. It was quite uncomfortable to say the least.

FL: What has been your most exciting project?

Stephens: I have a small role in a 007 James Bond spoof. It’s actually a French movie in which I am a cocktail waitress in the film. Parts of the movie were shot in the Pinewood Studios in England.

FL: What’s your biggest indulgence since becoming a model?

Stephens: Definitely shoes. I just love them. Sometimes when I get my pay cheque, I head directly to a shoe store. My favourite type of shoes are boots, I love them when they are knee-high with stiletto heels.

FL: Do Europeans warm up to you knowing that you’re a Jamaican?

Stephens: On first meeting me, many persons here think I’m from Ghana or Kenya – not Jamaica. I have to convince them that I’m all-Jamaican. Jamaican music is actually doing very well now and Sean Paul is big in London right now.

FL: Which famous persons have you met since modelling internationally?

Stephens: There are a few persons yes. The ones who stand out readily in my mind are British designer Julian McDonald and international model Alek Wek.

FL: What is one thing you would like to tell your family now?

Stephens: I’d like to tell them not to worry about me as I’m having a great time and they’ll all get a chance to see me soon. Big up to my crew at RJR.

BLACK SKINNED BEAUTIES TAKE HEART! WE ARE GONNA CHANGE THINGS AROUND-BACK TO BLACK! YOU ARE GONNA BE BACK ON TOP WHERE YOU BELONG,QUEEN MOTHERS OF ALL BEAUTY!

August 1, 2008

from vibe.com

It’s Harder When You’re Darker
by: Tasha M. Martinez

Turn on the TV and flip to your favorite music video station.

I think of Spike Lee’s School Daze. Will there every be a sequel where the dark-skinned women are the sought after ones? The idolized? That movie touched upon the idea of racism within the race, which is still very much an issue between blacks, especially in entertainment today. I can see why so many little dark-skinned girls feel left out and uncelebrated. Because in entertainment, we are not the celebrated women. At a self-esteem developmental age, young girls start wishing they were something they are not, instead of loving who they are for what they are. Regardless of what anyone says, beauty IS only skin deep, and I know this. Beauty is not just one thing. God made us all beautiful and we are beautiful because we are different. Tell each side of the story. Show each shade of beauty. The other day, I was watching VH1’s Driven on Beyonce’. Ok, it’s a known fact. She is a beautiful, talented, young black woman. Something her younger sister Solange said in the documentary caught my attention. She basically said that Beyonce’ has always been “hated on.” She then added that you take a lot of slack for being a black girl with light skin and long hair. I feel it is the contrary. That may indeed be the case for little seven-year-old girls playing together and not liking each other. But I feel that dark-skinned black woman take slack for NOT being light-skinned with long hair. It’s not the other way around. Why would you take slack? You are what the entertainment industry sees as a beautiful black woman. Hearing Tupac say, “The blacker the berry, the sweeter the juice,” I’m sure made a lot of women feel good. But B2K wants to go on trips “with chicks that look like Alicia Keys.” This is what my three little sisters hear and see today in 2003. Now don’t get me wrong, I come from a family who instilled great self-confidence in me, and I have a mother who always taught me to love and respect myself because I am beautiful inside and out. She taught me to be proud of who I am, so I know that it starts at home for everyone. No one likes feeling left out though, especially when in most cases, those doing the berry picking are pots calling the kettle black. Basically, I feel it stinks the way dark-skinned women are portrayed, or are not portrayedÂ…more like betrayed. Is it that people have forgotten where they came from? Who they came from? If I started seeing chocolate beauties in music video’s now I’d think something was wrong because it is so out of the ordinary. I just feel like every form of media plays a major role in shaping our children’s lives. Imagine for just one moment that your pre-teen daughter comes to you feeling down because everyone on TV and in magazines that is classified as beautiful is the total opposite of her. This Essay Was Submitted By A VIBE Online User
Article tags: It’s, Harder, You’re, Darker

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Comments
1.
t says:

I agree, they think they are better than us just because their light and that is tatall not true, half of them are so dag on UGLY and have the nerve to pick on our skin color,I`d rather be dark that look like who did it and ran…you cant wipe off ugly,being dark doesn’t make me ugly…being dark doesn’t make anyone who is ugly…I look at the inside too.if you have an ugly inside then dag on it you are hideous on the outside!!!! and besides the lightskin girls or boys are usually whores who end up in a no good situatuion,working for minimum wage or caught something and you know what that something is.I have alot to say about dark people but for now I am going to end it by saying BLACK IS* BEAUTIFUL!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

October 12, 2007 at 6:03 pm

2.
Ebone says:

I enjoyed your article concerning color issues that still hold us hostage as african american people. As a teacher and aspiring recording artist, it has always been evident to me that the industry is one-sided. And it really is a shame because the industry has no idea what they’re missing out on. Chocolate beauties have reigned supreme for years, whether its been celebrated or not. I have always been the “exception”. You know the girl who hears so often, “wow, I’ve never seen such a beautiful dark-skinned woman like you before!” As ignorant as that seems, its the reality and how do I respond, with knowledge hoping that it will breed some type of positivity. I find myself schooling our people everyday and not just my students about how lucky we are as a people to be represented as a rainbow of so many different hues and colors that should be celebrated and not ignored. We must press on and let our sun-kissed little sisters know just how royally beautiful they are and that their uniqueness will take them far. As f or me, I plan to take this music industry by storm and help change this poisonous mind-set that has resulted in bleaching creams and self-hatred. BLACK is beautiful and that will never change despite what anyone says !!!!!!

October 6, 2007 at 11:23 am

3.
ray says:

i love me some dark skinned women. they the most beautiful women on earth. i would choose gabriele union and foxy brown over beyonce anyday. not every black male thinks light is right. im not gonna sit here and say i am not attracted to bright girls but i prefer chocolate more than caramel. at the end of the day all black women are beautiful and its time the media realised that. its not realistic to show all light skin women in videos- they not the only appealing females out there. there should be more divirsity so every one is represented. its not fair that in this day and age, little black girls are growin up with self-hatred coz they aint light enough.

December 31, 2006 at 2:54 pm

4.
david says:

I agree with alot of what you are trying to say but, in my opinion you’re not looking at the total reality from both sides of the black color spectrum. mixed people aren’t blacks, and they never were black, only whites choose to group them as African Americans which have become a loose term and okay by me. the exat same way that each and every other amerian of half racial ancestry, that isnt white, is grouped.
Blacks in reality are dark, medium and lightskinned naturally, like most other darkskinned people are. while our ethnic features remain the same. its not so much about dark or light skin being accepted in our culture but the entire black race, regardless of complexion, being excluded in representation. outside of beyonce name more than five light skinned full black girls you know in the industry, and in fact there may be more darkskinned blacks you could named than you could lightskinned blacks . monica is a lightskin black girl to me or close to it, but she still doesn’t fit the standards americans are try to fit into these days.

i also want to mention that alot of the lightskinned females you see nowadays in hip hop video are in fact latino or of other ethnicities not black. and that the industry has become increasingly more diverse over the years since it has come to be as it has for the last ten years. So should we say NO Latinos in any videos. But i must also admit you are right and more ways than i think you are wrong. as most times these latino and more mixed looking individuals portray black characters’ roles it seems these days.

December 18, 2006 at 7:31 pm

BLACK BEAUTY ANGIE STONE SPEAKS OUT ON ANTI-BLACK SKIN RACISM STILL ALIVE AND KICKING FROM SLAVERY! FROM TASTYCLIPS.COM

July 17, 2008

from tastyclips.com

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ANGIE STONE ON ATI-BLACK SKIN RACISM:THIS BLACK BEAUTY SPEAKS OUT ON THE BRAINWASHING OF SLAVERY STILL VERY MUCH ALIVE TODAY!

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VOL VII, ISSUE II
93acf5be2485b43a1

Just like in one of her songs, there’s No More Rain these days for ANGIE STONE. This soul queen from Columbia, South Carolina had success with the groups Sequence and Vertical Hold before launching a solo career that led to hit albums Black Butterfly, Mahogany Soul (with the anthem Brotha) and Stone Love. That just wasn’t enough for the fickle music industry. So Stone kept busy in the studio and started acting (TV sitcoms, plays and the film The Fighting Temptations) before signing with the resurrected Stax label to release her latest smash The Art of Love & War.

We learned through her stint on VH1’s Celebrity Fit Club two years ago that she suffered from Type 2 diabetes. “[It] was brought on by Prednisone,” she told Tasty Clips. “I was taking some medication that saved my organs but enhanced the diabetes. I’m hearing that some research was done that said gastric bypass kills diabetes because the disease lives in your stomach. [It’s] under control because I don’t eat like I’m crazy and do what I’m supposed to do most of the time. When you’re a person on a steroid for medication a lot of working out doesn’t help you. It hurts you more than help you because you build muscle and mass. My regiment is joy and love and living life to the fullest. I go bowling two or three times a week and have a routine in my house. I clean instead of having a maid. If I stay active within the space I’m in I’ll be OK.”

These days, Stone serves as a spokesperson for the F.A.C.E. Diabetes campaign, which launched at Chicago’s Salem Baptist Church Children’s Ministry Building. Through a series of practical and sustainable programs in local communities, their goal is to help foster behavioral and attitudinal changes in areas critical to success in managing diabetes such as nutrition/cooking, physical activity, health and overall well-being.

Signing with a smaller label like Stax was a surprise. What made you make that decision? “Cause anyplace was better than J Records at the time. I’d had enough of [them] and I wanted a change. So I went and started from scratch with an independent label which eventually turned into another major situation.” Was J not giving you enough freedom? “Well I always had my freedom. It’s just that they start looking at you like they’re equal to you. When you become a slash artist/producer/mentor/and go-to girl for advice, you start to feel like an employee as well as an artist.” Are you happy with the way you’re being promoted? “Now. It’s getting better. Originally I wasn’t.” The Concord label is basically handling it. “[They’re] still handling it but I don’t think that they really have a clue, in terms of this level of success with an artist, of what to do.” Well, you seem to be doing an excellent job. “Guess what? The record is doing it because with very little presence I’m very excited and appreciative that [it’s] moving. Even though the pace is slower than normal, it’s moving nonetheless with very little awareness.”

How tough is it in the music industry now if you don’t have a certain look? “Well I think I look fabulous. Have you seen me lately?” I have. John Legend has a new artist Estelle who is considered difficult to promote because of her look. It really comes down to the music, doesn’t it? “It does come down to the music. We have to get out of this fairy tale guideline of looking a certain way. That’s not to discredit beautiful people, but God didn’t make us all look the same way. We all look the way we look. People need to recognize that in this world beauty is only skin deep. The industry is caught up in looks because that’s the way Satan has designed the game to control the mentality of the weaker species. I really feel sad because this young lady has a great record out and not even the relationship with [John Legend] can afford her a better outlook. It tells you that we’re in trouble.” There’s so much more to it and that seems to be gone. “Well, you know it goes back to the very beginning. If you were light skinned you were in, if you were dark skinned you were out. It very well works that way in the industry. You see very [few] dark skinned people on top of the game. Most of the superstars are very fair or mulatto people. You can check your stats. It works that way in the film world too. I have lost almost every single opportunity to star in a film to Macy Gray or Jill Scott because they’re light and I’m dark. I’ve been told so many times that it’s a certain look that they’re looking for. So you can’t even use weight anymore. You can’t use age because everybody’s over 35 that’s running around doing it. It comes down to what is more appealing. I’m only good for the pro political stuff that will afford all of my people from the hood to vote for the right president – or to support whatever because I’m more on their level, so to speak. So to me it hasn’t changed much. Slavery has just taken on a whole new different direction but it’s the same process.”

In addition to concerts, what can we expect from you this year? “I’m actually working on two books right now – [one is] poetry and [the other is] called Life and the Shadows of a Sex Symbol.” Is this biographical? “Hmmm. I won’t say that. There is some real stuff, then there’s some REAL stuff. You have to wait and see. I’m supposed to be working with Robi Reed on something and [also] Tracey Edmonds. I’m still working on a stage project and becoming a producer. I’m always ahead of the game. I have music in my back pocket.”

And apparently it runs in the family. Angie’s daughter Diamond Stone dubbed The Princess of Hip-Hop Soul is hitting the stage of Headliners on a bill led by southern Rock N Soul sensation Joe Tucker on June 14th. Diamond recently added a new title to Angie’s rep: Grandmom!

THE BADD,BLACK SISTER AT STEWARTSYNOSIS.COM,MARSHA STEWART HAS PUBLISHED A GREAT BLACK BOOK THAT YOU MUST READ! FROM STEWARTSYNOSIS.COM

February 18, 2008

from stewartsynosis.com

[Home] [Site Index] [Synopsis 1] [Synopsis 2] [Synopsis 3] [Synopsis 4] [Synopsis 5] [Synopsis 6] [Africans’ Bible] [Warren G. Harding] [High Tech Jesus] [DNA a M Fu#$%&] [New White Race] [ME Booksellers] [Beheaded] [Author’s Notes] [Feedback Form]

Beheaded for Execution(A BADD BLACK BOOK BY A BADD BLACK SISTER!)

Author: MARSHA Stewart
UB & US COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

(Self-Preservation is the first Law of Nature.)

The coon caricature

If you look closely at the picture on the cover, you will see a “coon caricature.” It is one of the most insulting of all anti-Black cartoon strips prevalent in the early 1900’s in America. The coon emerged during slavery as unreliable, crazy, lazy, and subhuman creature good for nothing.

Blacks were portrayed as Coons, Toms, Sambos, Mammies, Picaninnies, and other dehumanizing racial caricatures. Jim Crow was more than a series of “Whites Only” signs. It was a way of life that approximated a racial caste system.

Slavery portrayed Blacks as servants, males (Toms) and females (Mammies). They were contented, loyal servants. The Tom was presented as a smiling, wide-eyed, server: fieldworker, cook, butler, porter, or waiter. Unlike the Coon, the Tom was portrayed as a dependable worker, eager to serve–much like Tiger (Negrito) Woods, OJ Simpson and Clearance Thomas.

Chapter 1

Introduction
If you can’t stand to read one more ridiculous thing you think is being said, you need to “check yourself” because you are in a state of denial. Your mind-set is such that you feel the foregoing information is threatening to you and your psyche, and you will probably end up blocking it from your conscious awareness anyway. Whether or not you accept any of the information given to you, you must realize that before you were humanized, you were categorized.

Chapter 2

Willie Lynch or George Bushlynch?
The intentions are not to categorize groups of people. The specified goal is to correct false historical records. Examples of physical features and ethnicity have been used to emphasize certain points and give readers a needed…..WAKE UP CALL!

Chapter 3

Just Bein’ Niggers
As children we all learned to play the game of “Simon Says.” We have turned into a nation of “Simon Sayers.” White Simon says: “You are Niggers.” “Simon Sayers” immediately react and utter: “Simon says: We’re Niggers–Therefore, you be my Nigger-Nigger.”

Chapter 4

Dracula & The Blood Sucker Concept
Retaliatory violence is not the answer. Mind cleansing and rebuking the bloodletting of the Count Leeches will answer all questions and provide all answers.

Chapter 5

White Women

She can shake her naked booty as a stripper or sell her wares on the street corner. . . But the White skin has made her superior to any Black woman. Some Black men need a White woman–this type or any type of White woman to boost their self-esteem. White women have become fascinated with the Black man because contact was forbidden just 20 years ago.

Chapter 6

Wagering Webster’s Warped Dictionary

A sense of pride + a rich tradition and history ^equals^ a White team spirit to falsify. Whites have succeeded to cup and cap Negroid beginnings. When pride is stripped, subservience exists.

Chapter 7

Albinos–Origin of the Caucasian Race?
Some theories equate Albinos with the origin of the Caucasian Race. This website has many validations for the origin of the Negroid Race, but what about the Caucasian Race? Certainly Frances Wesling hit the nail on the head with her book, The Isis Papers (1991). The White Race has the genetic inability and absence of melanin to produce the different skin pigments seen throughout the world.

Chapter 8

The Expulsion In Education (Affirmative Action & The Ignorant Stick)
During slavery Black people were the only laborers, skilled, and semi-skilled workers. In the Ante-Bellum South Black people were the manufacturing cartels and conglomerates of the day.

Chapter 9

White Want-A-Bees And Black Seditity

(The Promised Land–The Whiteland)
The US has cultivated and practiced the psychosocial fear of blackness and self-hatred; thus, creating a color social stratification. It has definitely resulted in the desire or aspiration for Blacks wanting to “whiten” themselves.

Chapter 10

The Blow Job of the Century: (Misdemeanors Synonymous with Monica)
Eighty-four percent of all Blacks supported the former President Clinton. Could this be the real reason for the President’s popularity demise? Clinton arouses hatred among the conservative media like no other president before him–not even the “hoe” John F. Kennedy or “nefarious Nixon.”

Conclusion

Negrophobia is a fear of Black people that persists in the minds of Whites and some Blacks when no realistic danger exists. Usually phobias are reactions to conditioned emotional responses. Negrophobia was initially indoctrinated and instilled by slave owners and currently by all forms of mass media.

M. Stewart.
Copyright © 2002 – 2008. All rights reserved.
Revised: 1/01/08.

“A WARNING TO BLACK PEOPLE”BY BROTHER DARRELL DAVIS

January 14, 2008

from Brother Darrell Davis

To all of my brothers and sisters I have always sent information so that you can learn about your black heritage. This e-mail is a warning. You won’t believe this. There is a company that is making sunglasses with melanin in it. I sent the link. Question: “How are they getting the melanin by manufacturing or harvesting?”

http://www.trucolor.com

EGBA MI O! HELP US HERE AT BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL!

October 10, 2007

My problem is that this site has grown so fast and I don’t yet have the money to get a laptop and internet connection which is expensive here in Nigeria- about 2,000dollars in all to keep up with servicing this site and posting and answering on time etc. Any BROTHERS/SISTERS who want to send me your widow’s mite toward this can contact me at:

yeyeolade@yahoo.com.
I am praying about it and I know that Olodumare(GOD) will provide so I can give you the BLACK RACE the service you deserve!
Your SISTER, BLACK for the RACE,
Yeye Akilimali Funua Olade

Oluwa ba wa se o . ASE! (God will work it out! in Yoruba. ASE=let it be so!)

ITALIANO # 2

August 12, 2007

FROM google.translate

““QUANDO LA GENTE NERA HA REGOLATO IL MONDO„ DALLA SERIE DI CLEGG A MELANET.COMDEUTSCH: GROSSE BUCHER AUF SCHWARZEN ZIVISATIONEN VON HOMESTEAD.COM„LIBRI GRANDI SULLE CIVILIZZAZIONI NERE DA HOMESTEAD.COM
da: homestead.com

L’origine africana di civilizzazione: Mito o realtà

dal Dott. Cheikh Anta Diop

Egyptology si è sviluppato nell’accordo con lo sviluppo del commercio slave e del sistema coloniale. Era durante questo periodo che l’Egitto è stato preso letteralmente dall’Africa, academically ed ha fatto un’estensione di Europa. In molti sensi l’Egitto è la chiave a storia africana antica. La storia africana è da kilter fino a considerare l’Egitto antico come nazione africana distinta. Il fiume del Nilo ha svolto un ruolo importante nel rapporto nell’Egitto alle nazioni in Africa sudorientale. Durante la storia remota dell’Africa, il Nilo era una strada principale culturale grande su cui gli elementi di civilizzazione sono entrato in e dall’Africa interna. Nel capitolo ha denominato, “nascita del mito del Negro,„ esposizioni del Dott. Diop come la gente africana, di cui le civilizzazioni erano vecchie prima che Europa fosse sopportata, è stata letta sistematicamente dal commento rispettoso di storia umana. Questo esame è continuato nel capitolo denominato, “falsificazione moderna di storia.„ Qui, il Dott. Cheikh Anta Diop si occupa di come gli storici occidentali, dato che i cinquecento anni ultimi hanno scritto o riscritto la storia che glorifica la gente dell’estrazione europea ed hanno storto la storia del resto del mondo. Coloro che legge seriamente questo libro sono dentro per una scossa e un’esperienza ricompensante di imparare. Ciò è un lavoro importante da uno storico africano importante. Infine, la rinascita della storiografia africana da un punto di vista africano ha cominciato e nessun troppo presto.

Girandosi verso la falsificazione principale della storia dell’umanità, come la mette, i underlines di Cheikh Anta Diop che il tempo è venuto portare a giustizia alla corsa del Negro, danno a gente nera il loro accreditamento del debito per condurre il procedere ed ardere una traccia affinchè l’umanità seguano.
L’Egitto rivisitato: Giornale delle civilizzazioni africane

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Una compilazione di molti eruditi grandi che ripartiscono la loro perizia. Questo libro ha molte foto antiche.

Indici:

Corsa ed origine degli Egiziani antichi, i Dynasties neri ed i righelli, la filosofia e scienza degli Egiziani, i saggi vari ed il più.

Gli autori includono: Ivan Van Sertima, Chiekh Anta Diop, basilico Davidson, James Brunson, Bruce Williams, Runoko Rashidi, Chandler del Wayne B., asa G. Hilliard III, Legrand Clegg II, Phaon Goldman (Tarharka), Habib Sy, Theophile Obenga, fringillide del Charles S., Maulana Karenga, Larry Williams, Beatrice Lumpkin ed altri.
Scintilla nera, fuoco bianco: Gli esploratori africani hanno civilizzato Europa antica?

da Richard Poe

In scintilla nera, il fuoco bianco, Richard Poe cerca di oltrepassare le passioni e la politica che circondano questo oggetto. Esamina obiettivamente le edizioni e raggiunge le conclusioni che alcuni possono trovare startling.

Basato su sette anni di ricerca, compreso le interviste approfondite con gli eruditi e gli scienziati principali, la scintilla di nero, fuoco bianco è stata elogiata dagli esperti vari quanto il professor Molefi Kete Asante dell’università del tempiale, lo storico Martin Bernal dell’università de Cornell e l’esploratore norvegese Thor Heyerdahl. Con tutto il suspense di un racconto eccitante di mistero, la scintilla di nero segue una traccia snella degli indizii che conduce dagli altopiani dell’Etiopia alle carriole delle steppe russe. Raduna la storia dimenticata di un’età di esplorazione che si è conclusa quasi 3.000 anni prima di Columbus – un periodo quando l’Egitto ha regolato le onde, l’Africa era la sede imparare e di alimentazione ed Europa una frontiera selvaggia.
Contribuire prego a mantenere i regni neri dell’Africa antica in linea dai libri di acquisto da questa pagina, o potete comprare altri prodotti da Amazon scattandoti su c’è ne dei libri qui sotto. Amazon ha i prezzi eccellenti e servizio veloce.

Compro tutti i miei libri da Amazon, nuovo ed usato.

Wysinger-Redattore del Myra

Gli S.U.A.

Grazie per il vostro supporto.
Prima del pregiudizio di colore: La vista antica dei neri

dal M. franco Snowden

Secondo il Jr. del professor Emeritus Frank M. Snowden, (ab, Ph.D.) la Reparto-lettura di Classicist dell’università del Howard delle fonti, la religione “pionieristica a„ dei Ethiopians ed era chiave all’origine ed alla propagazione di molte delle abitudini che hanno esistito nell’Egitto. Gli Egiziani, è stato discusso, era discendenti dei Ethiopians. Snowden dichiara che il termine Kushites, Nubians, o Ethiopians è all’usato a più o meno allo stesso modo come il termine moderno “ha colorato„, “nero, o Negro„. “Le esperienze negli Africani che hanno raggiunto i puntelli stranieri della Grecia e l’Italia ha costituito un capitolo importante nella storia dell’antichità classica,„ scrive. “Usando la prova dalle figure di cotta di terra, pitture e le fonti classiche gradiscono Herodotus e Pliny il Elder, Snowden risulta, al contrario ai nostri presupposti moderni, che Greco-Romans non ha osservato gli Africani con contempt razziale. Molti Africani hanno lavorato nell’impero romano i musicisti, gli artigianale, gli eruditi ed i General come pure gli schiavi e sono stati notati tanto per la loro virtù quanto per la loro apparenza di avere “una faccia bruciata„ (da quale è venuto il Ethiopian nome greco)„.

Il professor Snowden ha ricevuto la medaglia nazionale di studi umanistici in 2003, che honors gli individui o i gruppi di cui il lavoro ha approfondito la comprensione della nazione degli studi umanistici, cittadini estesi’ aggancio con gli studi umanistici, o aiutato la conserva ed espande accesso degli Americani’ alle risorse importanti negli studi umanistici.
Neri nell’antichità: Ethiopians nell’esperienza Greco-Romana

dal M. franco Snowden

Ulteriore sviluppando i temi così eloquente profili nei neri nell’antichità, Jr. franco del M. Snowden continua le sue ricerche sugli atteggiamenti nei confronti degli Africani nelle civilizzazioni classiche di Roma e della Grecia. Snowden identifica i neri africani dall’Egitto, da Nubia (Sudan moderno), dall’Etiopia e da Carthage (Tunisia), discutere loro interazione-compreso intermarriage-con il Greco-Romans. (Inoltre nota che molte delle rappresentazioni artistiche di questa gente assomigliano agli Americani africani attuali.) dalle missioni commerciali dei dynasties egiziani alla loro conquista della rovina mediterranea ed ultima alle mani del Romans, Snowden unravels una storia complessa degli scambi culturali che hanno acceso per parecchi millenni in où il pregiudizio razziale non era un fattore. “Ci era un rispetto definito fra la gente mediterranea per i Ethiopians ed il loro modo di vivere,„ lui scrive, “e soprattutto, i ancients non hanno stereotipato i neri come primitivi difettosi nella religione e nella coltura.„ – Jr. del Eugene Holley.
Donne nere nell’antichità (giornale delle civilizzazioni africane; V. 6)

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Rassegna del cliente:

Ciò è un libro ricercato e molto da studioso del pozzo. Ivan Van Sertima così come i contributori a questo lavoro ha prodotto molta comprensione sulle donne africane nella storia del mondo come la regina Nzinga, le regine del candace, Makeda (regina di Sheba) Hatshepsut e molti altri. Ritengo che questo lavoro è di importanza grande e dovrebbe essere letto da tutti che siano interessati nel ruolo delle donne africane nella storia del mondo.
La civilizzazione africana ha rivisitato: Da antichità ai periodi moderni

da Basil Davidson

Dal giornale delle biblioteche:

Questo libro, da uno degli storici di primo ministro dell’Africa, è un’edizione un po’modificata ed ampliata di suo l’Africano oltre. Come prima, consiste degli snippets delle materie grezze storiche dall’Africa occidentale, orientale e del sud, dante risalto ai tempi di secolo di pre-19th. Lo studio su storia dell’Africano nero era relativamente nuovo quando questo libro originalmente è stato pubblicato, in modo da era utile come dimostrazione che l’Africa effettivamente ha avuta una storia. Ora, oltre 25 anni più successivamente, si si domanda se il punto deve essere fatto ancora una volta. Eppure, il relativo uso più grande può essere di precisare agli allievi la varietà di fonti disponibili per lo studio su storia africana. Ciò è suggerita per le collezioni che non hanno l’edizione originale.

Paul H. Thomas, Lib dell’installazione del Hoover., Stanford, caloria.
I Pharaohs neri: Righelli di Nubian dell’Egitto

da Robert G. Morkot

Descrizione del libro:

Un’indagine completa sul regno di Kushite, Sudan del Nord attuale, che brevemente ha controllato BC l’Egitto durante l’ottavo secolo ed ha influenzato gli affari egiziani per le centinaia degli anni. Morkot esamina le percezioni antiche ed antiquarian delle terre esotiche di Nubia e dell’Etiopia e tenta di legare le città di Kush al remains archaeological. Una grande parte dei concentrati del libro sul ruolo del Nubians durante i conflitti dell’Egitto con la Libia ed i Assyrians.
Kush – il gioiello di Nubia: Ricollegamento del sistema della radice di civilizzazione africana

da Miriam Ma’ -Ka-Re Monges

Rassegne editoriali

Dalla copertura posteriore

Il Cheikh grande Anta Diop ha identificato le radici di coltura africana da cui una può seguire i rami. Nessun ricercatore africano poiché, tuttavia, ha fornito un’analisi completa che collega le civilizzazioni antiche della valle del Nilo con l’universo africano. Dalle piramidi dell’Egitto alle pareti grandi dello Zimbabwe, gli eruditi occidentali hanno attribuito i successi di queste civilizzazioni africane indigene prodigious alla gente culturalmente e geograficamente straniero in Africa. Tuttavia, nel caso dell’impero antico di Nubian di Kush, che ha occupato la parte del sud di Kemet (Egitto antico) e tutto il Sudan attuale, si invitare gli eruditi ragionevoli ad attribuire questa coltura africana ad una gente africana. Il lavoro tanto necessario attuale segue le comunanze “culturali„ africane del Diop grandi del matriarchy, del totemism, del kinship divine e del cosmology al nucleo stesso della coltura di Kushite. Questo libro è sul filo di lama di nuova generazione della borsa di Afrocentric di cui mandato è fornire un’immagine più libera della natura allineare dell’Africa, esso genius di s e del relativo contributo genuino alle civilizzazioni del mondo.
Il luogo ha modificato 2007

Gli S.U.A.

Distruzione di civilizzazione nera: Emissioni grandi di una corsa da

4500 B.C – 2000 A.D.

da Chancellor Williams

Questo libro senza dubbio è uno dei libri che il più con attenzione ricercati ho letto mai.

Amo il senso che il sig. Williams con attenzione suddivide la storia dell’africano iniziale e le segue durante la loro storia. Fornisce i particolari competenti circa le realizzazioni ed i guasti della gente africana in anticipo. Ci è un tema di riproduzione in questo libro. Gli Africani indigeni guadagnano l’alimentazione e gli Africani indigeni perdono l’alimentazione. Quella dichiarazione riassume questo libro brevemente. Il sig. Williams entra nel particolare spiegare come l’Egitto nero potrebbe essere osservato dal mondo come essendo bianco. Le risposte a questo problema possono essere trovate cominciando dal capitolo due intitolato figlia più anziana dell’Etiopia: L’Egitto. In questo capitolo, propone “il problema del mulatto„ che ritengo sono chiave nel capire come la faccia dell’Africa in anticipo è stata cambiata. Quando altri gruppi di persone sono entrato dall’est gli Africani li hanno permessi di assimilare nella loro coltura. Ci erano molti sindacati interracial, che hanno tenuto conto una miscela delle parentele. Questa miscela delle parentele è che cosa conducono al demise dell’Africano nero totale dichiarano. Periodo ed il periodo di ancora popolano chi non ha fatto una destra naturale di nascita dichiarare affatto all’Africano si è conceduto fare in modo da è stato basato sull’unione o sul kinship. Ecco perchè lo studio del sig. Williams mostra come controllo africano indigeno di flip-flop di alimentazione così frequentemente. Ogni volta che l’Africano indigeno ha preso il controllo dell’Egitto l’alimentazione era cede dovuto i sindacati interracial o il kinship non accennare la violenza e gli atti della guerra. Di nuovo, in molti sensi questo piano d’azione è una riproduzione loro durante questo libro. L’incapacità africana iniziale di tenere sopra a che cosa era naturale suo ha causa altre da dubitare che dovrebbe essere dato dell’accreditamento affatto. Il sig. Williams segue che cosa accadono e fornisce i particolari eccellenti.
Ethiopians meravigliosi dell’impero antico di Cushite, libro 1

da Drusilla Dunjee Houston

I Ethiopians meravigliosi dell’impero antico di Cushite rappresenta il successo crowning della ms Drusilla Dunjee Houston. Il lavoro originalmente è stato pubblicato nella città di Oklahoma in 1926. È il tentativo in primo luogo conosciuto da una donna nera e forse da chiunque, di produrre un lavoro multi-volume su storia africana detta a da una prospettiva africana.

La ms Houston lei stessa era un educatore, un giornalista e uno storico. Ha speso la maggior parte della sua vita Oklahoma ed in Arizona ed ha soccombuto alla tubercolosi a Phoenix, Arizona in 1941.

Il suo lavoro è vasto e completo ed era abbastanza avanzato per il relativo tempo. Il relativo pubblico non è stato limitato agli eruditi ma al layperson, specialmente gente nera, che era necessitante un tonico esatto per amplificare il self-esteem nero. Mantiene persino oggi un valore potente, più di settanta anni dalla relativa pubblicazione iniziale. – Runoko Rashidi
Athena nero: Le radici Afroasiatic di civilizzazione classica

(Il montaggio della Grecia antica 1785-1985)

da Martin Bernal

Diverso di la maggior parte dei detrattori del Martin Bernal, ho letto tutti e tre le dei suoi libri: Athena nero I, Athena nero II e Martin Bernal risponde ai suoi critici. Bernal è miglia davanti al suo peso leggero, critici male colti e reactionary, che non hanno letto ovviamente suo libri là altamente documentati nell’interezza. I suoi detrattori stanno rispondendo ai loro atteggiamenti razzisti, inculcati in loro attraverso la loro coltura, in questi ultimi cinquecento anni (dato che il commercio europeo dello schiavo quando albini tentati per disumanizzare melanics). Se l’arresto degli albini che nega la verità dell’origine di cosiddetta civilizzazione “occidentale„ (tutta la civilizzazione ha uscito dal cuore dell’Africa) ed ha letto la bibliografia di Bernals, lo vedrà che documenta tutto scrive. Alcuni altri albini del non-razzista tutto dovrebbero leggere chi dicono alla verità sono: Gerald Massey, conteggio Volney, Godfrey Higgins, Schwaller de Lubicz per chiamare alcuni. Un certo melanics dovrebbero leggere chi dicono alla verità sono: Indus Khamit Kush, cancelliere Williams, John G. Jackson, Herodotus (Herodotus era asiatico; e così era Thales, il cosiddetto padre di filosofia “europea„. La filosofia provenuta in Africa era Thales imparato la sua filosofia), George G.M. James, Cheikh Anta Diop e John Henrik Clarke. Ci sono molti altri sia melanic che storici albinic quale Martin Bernal che scrivono la verità. Melanics dovrebbe comprare loro e leggere loro automaticamente tutto il libro che è attacato dagli albini. Non credere che qualche cosa gli storici e gli antropologi razzisti dell’albino scrivano circa il melanics. – George Lawrence da Decatur, GA Stati Uniti
I filosofi egiziani: Voci africane antiche da Imhotep a Akhenaten

da Molefi Kete Asante

Filosofi egiziani antichi di Molefi Asante: Da Imhotep a Akhenaten proviene una riparazione attuale di un’omissione seria nella storia umana – i contributi antiquarian dei filosofi africani alla medicina, alla filosofia, alla scienza ed alla nascita di civilizzazione in se. Cominciando con una cronologia dei filosofi antichi del mondo, questa indagine da studioso e superbly messa copre Imhotep e “l’emersione di motivo„, Ptahhotep e “l’ordine morale„, Merikare “sul buonsenso„, così come i contributi e le comprensioni di Akhenaten, Amenemope ed altri di cui il lavoro sia stato ignorato, soppresso, o semplicemente sconosciuto all’accademia basata sulle fonti Greco-Romane e sui dati storici. Filosofi egiziani antichi: Da Imhotep a Akhenaten proviene altamente la lettura suggerita per gli allievi degli studi neri, della filosofia e della storia della scienza. – Rassegna di libro del Midwest
Volume 1 di Metu Neter: Oracle grande di Tehuti e del sistema egiziano

di coltura spiritosa

da Ra Un Nefer Amen

Ciò è conosciuta come il libro. Ciò è il libro che mette la scienza nello spirituality Africano-centrato. Rivelando l’essenza di più vecchia religione nel mondo, il Ra l’ONU Nefer Amen fornisce le chiavi pratiche a sbloccare “i segreti„ dell’universo. Naturalmente, molto sarà mancato dai lettori, perché leggeranno soltanto il libro, ma non applicare i relativi insegnamenti.

La lettura del libro su spirituality non solleva la sua coscienza. L’applicazione degli insegnamenti in Metu Neter.
Eredità rubata

da George G.M. James

Osservazioni dei lettori:

George James dovrebbe essere lodato per il suo brave e lavoro di chiarimento. L’eredità rubata li sfida a riconsiderare molte delle teorie e le ideologie che sono state impressionate su noi attraverso il sistema educativo americano. Ci diciamo a costantemente che i Greci antichi siano stati i creatori di filosofia, della scienza e di molte teorie matematiche, ma non siamo dati una spiegazione sufficiente di come hanno sviluppato queste idee. Infatti, James offre una spiegazione completamente differente per le origini di filosofia. Sostiene che che cosa è stato passato come di filosofia greca, è realmente filosofia rubata dell’Egitto ed è stato passato giù attraverso il sistema egiziano di mistero. Piccolo si è detto a circa le prove egiziane del sistema, ma del James di mistero per spiegare i principi fondamentali di questo sistema e come si è sparso durante il mondo mediterraneo.

Ciò è a deve leggere. Dà un’altra prospettiva all’idea che i Greci hanno generato la filosofia. L’autore analizza parecchi Greci conosciuti compresi Pythagoras, Aristotle e Platone e le loro dottrine per mostrare come sono realmente egiziani in natura. Persino va per quanto a fare alcune raccomandazioni vive su come mentre la gente di umanità, neri in particolare, può contribuire a cambiare l’idea sbagliata di accreditarle a Greci per le realizzazioni abbiamo imparato dagli Africani. (L’Egitto è stato sempre e sempre sarà una nazione africana.)
Egiziani Exiled: Il cuore dell’Africa

da Moustafa Gadalla

Osservazioni dei lettori:

Ho trovato questo libro per essere molto informativo ed apprezzo particolarmente il fatto che l’autore proviene dall’Egitto. Ho comprato tutti i libri offerte di questo fondamento e tutti vivono fino ad un massimo di questa. Inoltre ho trovato la sua testimonianza per essere uno dei la più corrette ed oneste trattando le origini di civilizzazione egiziana.

Leggere un cliente storico conciso e completo dell’Egitto per i 3.000 anni ultimi. Leggere sugli Egiziani antichi dimenticati, che hanno fuggito le invasioni straniere ed i oppressors religiosi. Leggere come hanno ricostruito il sistema di modello degli Egiziani antichi in Africa, quando l’Egitto in se ha stato bene ad una colonia araba. Leggere sugli Egiziani antichi’ sociali, sistemi economici e e politici e la loro applicazione estesa in secondario-Sahara Africa. Scoprire come i jihads islamici hanno spezzettato e disperso il continente africano in miseria ed in caos infiniti. Scoprire le cause ed il dynamics allineare di slavery africano.
Gli Africani che hanno scritto la bibbia

dal Dott. Nana Banchie Darkwah

Critico:

Qui sono le parti di puzzle

Ciò è un libro grande ma ci sono cose che dovete conoscere. Questo libro è scritto basato sulle somiglianze africane di lingua con quelle dell’Africa attuale, dell’Africa antica e delle parole trovate all’interno della bibbia. Con quello detto, ci sono sitings celebri dalle varie nazioni africane durante l’Africa ad ovest.

La cosa che dovrebbe essere notata è che l’autore dichiara chiaramente che la gente ebrea non è gli ebrei originali. L’autore è sotto l’opinione che la gente ebrea originale era gente africana che a sinistra probabilmente durante il cosiddetto Exodus. La gente oggi ebrea come dichiarata all’interno del libro ancora trasporta i nomi africani. Se leggo questo correctl, quello proviene dalla copertura alla copertura senza pagine di salto, questa è che cosa l’autore ha dichiarato all’interno del libro. Ciò è un lavoro letterario eccellente per tutti i discendenti africani perché fa che cosa tante hanno temuto; collega l’Africa attuale e tradizionale agli Africani antichi ed agli Africani che hanno scritto la bibbia.
Nessun venditore 1 più importante su questo Web site!
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Da Babylon a Timbuktu: Una storia delle corse nere antiche compreso gli Ebrei neri

da Rudolph R. Windsor (introduzione), EL Hagahn (Illustrator)

Un Documentary impressionante di storia Africano-Ebraica antica

Critico:

La scoperta quasi delle informazioni di nonexistence sulle corse africane antiche era un piacere. Essendo quello ho intervistato gli ebrei africani io stesso che so che il sig. Windsor ritrae un cliente esatto di Hebrewisms sparso ai quattro angoli della terra. Inoltre riferisce parecchio il verse della bibbia che sostiene la sua idea. Questo libro legge più come un documentary. Dopo che leggendo il cliente biblico delle circostanze che gli Ebrei prophesied per vivere in uno sappia che non ci è senso che gli ebrei nell’Israele oggi potrebbero venire a contatto della guida di riferimento di prophecy dei periodi antichi. Windsor inoltre precisa l’origine delle corse bianche. Comprarlo questi libro e colloqui della prime terra e gente per esercitarsi nel monotheism. Questo libro awesomely riassume la storia dei Israelites neri ed il loro dio straniero nero.
Origini africane importanti “delle religioni occidentali„

da Yosef A.A. Ben-Jochannan, Yosef B. Jochannan

Descrizione del libro:

Le origini africane “delle religioni occidentali„ principali in primo luogo pubblicate in 1970, continua ad essere uno degli impianti diprovocazione del Dott. Ben. Questo esame critico della storia, della credenza e dei miti, remains istruttivo e fresco. Evidenziando le influenze dell’Africano e le radici di queste religioni, il Dott. Ben rivela una storia del untold che molti preferirebbero dimenticare.
Futuro antico: Gli insegnamenti e la saggezza Prophetic delle sette leggi ermetiche dell’Egitto antico

da Wayne Chandler

Commento del lettore:

Ho fatto la mia trasformare vita dalle informazioni informative in questo libro. Questo libro è pieno delle perle illuminanti di conoscenza che possono azionare ones anima e spirito attraverso l’universo della realtà ad un livello di consapevolezza e dello sconosciuto spiritosi di chiarimento agli uomini moderni. con questo futuro antico del libro, il chandler del professore ha posto la stampa blu di giorno moderno per la gente di tutte le origini etniche per rinviare ad una coscienza spiritosa che accerterà la loro sopravvivenza dal venire impulso spiritoso ed elettromagnetico di energia che sta circa per essere liberata sugli abitanti della terra. Parla del oltrepassare la negazione e della ricezione dell’impulso positivo di energia elettromagnetica che sparerà con la nostri mente, corpo, anima e spirito. Se non siamo nel giusto telaio della mente queste energia ed attrazione gravitazionale elettromagnetica indurranno l’umanità a perdere il suo destruct di auto e di mente.

Ciò è a deve leggere il libro per tutte le corse del mondo e dovrebbe essere tradotta in tutte le lingue del mondo. Per il tempo è attuale per noi è circa fornire l’età del Aquarius. Questo futuro antico del libro dal sig. Wayne B. Chandler è allineare un libro prophetic di saggezza e la relativa rivelazione attuale non è coincidente da nessuna stirata dell’immaginazione, ma divinely ispirato entro tutto il (o forza creativa dell’universo) questo futuro antico del libro cambierà per sempre il senso che osservate le civilizzazioni antiche e passate. Inoltre li aiuterà a capire il mindset e lo psyche di altre corse mentre appartiene i loro processi pensanti e le loro reazioni causa ed effetto ed anche i loro profili ancestral storici.
L’Egitto in Africa

da Theodore Celenko (redattore)

Un lettore da Oklahoma:

L’Egitto in Africa è un libro grande basato su un’esposizione grande del museo ed è buono da vederla amazon.com diretto disponibile. Il libro evita i due estremi popolari di rifiutare a tutto l’Africano le radici e di regolazione della civilizzazione egiziana e di sostenere che qualche cosa e tutto utili nella civilizzazione occidentale erano africani in origine. (Questo libro indica chiaramente che l’Africa ha contribuito così tanto che è insensata screditare i relativi reclami validi dall’esagerazione.) preferibilmente il libro è una calma, un obiettivo e un incentivo così come lo sguardo readible e libero all’Egitto nel relativo contesto africano. Se desiderate capire “l’immagine grande„ quando viene nell’Egitto antico, realmente avete bisogno di questo libro. Un professore di storia di arte.
Immagine di HereThe di scatto del nero nell’arte occidentale, volume uno: Dai Pharaohs

alla caduta dell’impero romano

dal Jr. franco, ecc. del M. Snowden.

Durante il quindicesimo secolo BC, i pharaohs del diciottesimo Dynasty hanno stabilito un impero che si estende dal Euphrates fino la cataratta di quarto (Nubia). Le conquiste del sud hanno messo gli Egiziani in contatto diretto con le popolazioni di colore che hanno continuato a resistere a e controbattere. Nel nero precedente di millennio i guerrieri ed i prigionieri erano comparso occasionalmente nell’arte dell’Egitto, di Crete e della Cipro. L’immagine del nero nell’arte occidentale li mostra, dal metà di-quindicesimo secolo alla scatola verniciata del Tutankhamun che descrive i neri in Negroes realistichi di arte ed inequivocabili sempre più ritratti egiziani.
L’Africa: La storia di un continente programma 01-02 (1986)

(VIDEO)

Basilico Davidson del presentatore

Basato in gran parte sulle immagini dalle caverne, piramidi e tombe, differenti ma uguali, nel volume 1 della serie Africa del quattro-video: La storia di un continente, presenti una descrizione delle colture africane in anticipo, con un’introduzione nell’Egitto classico e uno studio più dettagliato di Meroë. Una delle tesi principali del Davidson del basilico del presentatore, sostenuto dalle fonti di periodo sia dall’Africa che da Europa, è che il razzismo non era ordinario nelle interazioni classiche o medioevali fra Europa e l’Africa. episodio eccezionale in serie’ secondo, acquistante padronanza dei fuochi del Davidson, del continente su tre società africane contemporanee e dei sensi che differenti si sono adattati per prosperare nei loro ambienti. Caratterizza la siderurgia ed avanzamenti di azienda agricola della gente di Nok in Nigeria e del sistema elaborato di credenza religiosa del Dogon nel Mali. La discussione sulla gente di Pokat di allevamento del bestiame del Kenia del Nord è allineare eccezionale. Davidson fa un lavoro spettacolare di dimostrazione della complessità elaborata di che cosa può da alcuno erroneamente essere considerato una società primitiva. Le interviste personali affascinanti con una donna di Pokat circa il lavoro delle donne e degli uomini e con un uomo di Pokat circa ché uomo ha bisogno di prima che possa sposarsi sono il punto culminante di questo studio antropologico ben cotto. – Cesalpina Chace

Descrizione:

Per i secoli, l’Africa aveva luogo ravished tramite il commercio dello schiavo, che ha storto nostro parere sulla relativa gente. Nel programma uno, Davidson indica che l’Africa ha provocato alcune delle civilizzazioni più grandi del mondo. Nel programma due, Davidson mette a fuoco su tre Comunità differenti per vedere come la gente africana intaglia fuori un’esistenza in un ambiente spesso ostile.
Aprendosi allo spirito: Mettendosi in contatto con l’alimentazione Healing del Chakras e di Honouring Spirituality africano

da Caroline Shola Arewa

Una guida spiritosa dotata e un padrone di yoga illustra la radice comune di molte delle nostre tradizioni spiritose con la mitologia e lo spirituality dell’Egitto antico, dell’India in anticipo e dell’Africa ad ovest. 8 piastre di colore. 40 disegni a tratteggio.

Descrizione del libro:

I chakras sono rotelle di energia all’interno del corpo. Questo sistema antico è spesso thougth emergere dalle tradizioni yogic dell’India, ma nell’apertura allo spirito, Caroline Shola Arewa esplora l’importanza dei chakras agli Africani ed agli Egiziani antichi. Illustra la radice comune di molte delle nostre tradizioni spiritose con la mitologia e lo spirituality dell’Egitto antico, dell’India in anticipo e dell’Africa ad ovest.
Di acqua e dello spirito: Rituale, magia ed inizio nella durata di uno Shaman africano

da Malidoma Patrice alcuni

Durante gli anni recenti ci è stato un impulso di interesse nella vita e nelle pratiche tribali indigene, poichè la gente occidentale comincia ritenere gli stirrings delle loro proprie anime tribali indigene ed andare cercare le risposte a coloro che ancora possiede il collegamento con la terra e lo spirito. Mentre mólto è stato pubblicato circa l’americano natale (sia nord che verso il sud), il tibetano, Altaic, ecc. celtico, la vita tribale, piuttosto piccola è conosciuto circa l’Africa. Malidoma un certo libro quindi fornisce un contributo di ispirazione altamente e di benvenuto.

Tutto il westerner che ha ha desiderato mai sapere un Africano pensa dovrebbe leggere questo libro.
Introduzione alle civilizzazioni africane

da John G. Jackson, Runoko Rashidi, John Henrik Clarke (introduzione)

Osservazioni del cliente:

Ciò è un libro eccellente, esso spiega la storia allineare della gente africana. Si occupa del gran numero di distorsione e come la gente africana è stata scritta di storia. Causa di slavery, di razzismo e di propaganda bianca di supremist. Si occupa dell’Etiopia e dell’origine di civilizzazione, mostrante come il primo umano eretto dall’Africa. Se l’Africa desse alla luce all’umanità allora è logico accettare il fatto che l’Africa ha dato alla luce a civilizzazione. Parla dell’Etiopia, l’Egitto antico e Nubia, il Ghana, il Mali, Songhay, ecc. Lui esposizioni sistematiche come gli Africani persino agganciati in mare voyages con prova e prova ampie. Ciò è un eccellente, un obiettivo e un libro bene arrotondato.

Il sig. Jackson non era giusto un erudito in grado, ma era un produttore notevole. Questo libro, come sono i suoi altri (le ho lette tutte), è molto facile da leggere, mai non superando le teste di quelli appena informati delle molte funzioni di storia africana di cui si occupa. I suoi capitoli “sull’Egitto e sullo sviluppo di civilizzazione„ e “l’Africa e la civilizzazione di Europa„ valgono l’intero prezzo del libro. L’introduzione, dal Dott. ritardato John Henrick Clarke, è una dei la cosa migliore che abbia letto. L’introduzione alle civilizzazioni africane è ben documentata ed è, nel mio parere, un classico scritto da un gigante accademico.
Corsa: Realtà delle differenze umane

dal professor Vincent Sarich & Miele franco

Sarich, un’università di California, antropologo emeritus del Berkeley e Miele, un redattore dello scomparto scettico, non possono resistere a denominare la vista corrente che “la corsa non esiste„ a “dogma del pc.„ Rendono valido, se non convincendo, discussioni del loro caso in tre zone. Corsa come concetto, discutono, considerevolmente antedates Europa coloniale, presentante tali esempi come “tomba egiziana con quattro corse„ (poichè un titolo denomina una pittura della tomba) che può indicare “su consapevolezza„ della differenza, ma se quella consapevolezza correla ai concetti “della corsa„ mentre remains attualmente definito indimostrato. Parecchi capitoli sono continuare pesante DNA-hanno basato la ricerca sull’origine e la differenziazione dei sapiens di Homo, qui interpretata come ramificandosi fuori dagli altri hominids abbastanza recentemente per fare le differenze fra il minore della gente molto ma, punto di vista negli autori’, significativo. Si muovono dal progetto umano del Genome nella loro sezione finale, in cui le differenze nell’intelligenza si dicono per correlare ad un concetto della corsa (ma non si dicono essere una giustificazione per distinzione). Questa ultima discussione è affermata su che cosa sembrerà a molti lettori ch’una fede eccessiva nel quoziente d’intelligenza esamina.

Gli autori accetta la teoria dell’Fuori-de-Africa delle origini umane basate su DNA, mtDNA e

Dati del cromosoma di Y. Mostrano come quei dati sostengono la teoria dell’Fuori-de-Africa.
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Religioni & filosofia africane

da John S. Mbiti

Le religioni e la filosofia africane è uno studio sistematico sugli atteggiamenti della mente e della credenza che si sono evoluti nelle molte società dell’Africa. In questa seconda edizione, il Dott Mbiti ha aggiornato il suo materiale per includere la partecipazione delle donne nella religione e l’unità potenziale da trovare in che cosa si è pensato una volta per essere una massa di religioni abbastanza separate.

Mbiti aggiunge una nuova dimensione alla comprensione della storia, pensare e della vita durante il continente africano. La religione si avvicina a da un punto di vista africano ma è accessibile ai lettori che appartengono alle società non-Africane come sono a coloro che si è sviluppato in su nelle nazioni africane.

Dalla relativa prima pubblicazione, questo libro è stato riconosciuto poichè il lavoro standard nel campo dello studio ed esso è lettura essenziale per chiunque interessato della religione africana, della storia, della filosofia, dell’antropologia o degli studi africani generali.
Concezioni del dio nell’Egitto antico: Quello ed i molti

da Erik Hornung, John Baines (traduttore)

Il libro di Egyptologist Joseph Erik il Hornung suggerito Yurco franco ritardato, concezioni del dio nell’Egitto antico: Quello ed i molti, tradotto da John Baines (Ithaca: Pressa dell’università de Cornell, 1982). Ha spiegato, gli Egiziani antichi hanno creduto che il dio potrebbe rivelarsi o lei stessa in tutta la funzione che hanno scelto. Quindi, il dio, il Re, ha fatto 76 illustrare forme differenti, nelle tombe di Ramesside, ma potrebbe anche essere osservato come il disc solare, con lo scarab e la forma ram-diretta dentro; per un’espressione di Trinitarian del dio del sole, con riferimento, di giorno, Khepri a di mattina; Aten al mezzogiorno; e Re-Harakhti nella sera. Altri deities importanti inoltre hanno avuti forme multiple, per esempio Hathor, che potrebbero essere una mucca piena nella forma, o una donna con gli orecchi della mucca, o una donna completamente umana, o una donna in un albero che offre l’acqua fredda ai defunti. In una storia compare ad un herdsman, con un cappotto furry che lo spaventa dai suoi spiriti, ma il seguente giorno, compare come donna bella, con capelli lunghi.

È questo senso di identificare i deities che hanno dato agli Egiziani la capacità di interscambiare le immagini, tuttavia le vede come uno o più deities, o unisce i deities differenti in uno, per esempio Amun-Re, unendo Amun con i Re. Così ugualmente i goddesses hanno avuti l’alimentazione esprimersi nelle forme differenti. Ecco perché Mut può avere testa del lioness’, o una testa umana, porta la doppia parte superiore, o un disc solare quando nella forma di leonine. Il libro del Hornung pone questo fuori in dettaglio bello.

Un altro libro che il Dott. Yurco ha suggerito quando ha insegnato i corsi sulla religione egiziana antica è Siegfried Morenz, religione egiziana, tradotta da Ann Keep (Ithaca: Pressa dell’università de Cornell, 1976).
Civilizzazioni antiche dell’Africa

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 2)

dal G. Mokhtar

Pubblicato: 1990

Il volume II riguarda il periodo che comincia alla fine dell’era Neolithic, intorno all’ottavo millennio prima della nostra era. Questo periodo di circa nove mila anni di storia si è suddiviso in quattro zone geograophical importanti, dopo il modello di ricerca storica africana. Capitoli 1 – copertura 12 il corridoio del Nilo, dell’Egitto e del Nubia. I capitoli 13 – 16 si riferiscono agli altopiani etiopici. I capitoli 17 – 20 descrivono la zona dell’Africa più successivamente denominata il Maghrib e la relativa retroterra di Saharan ed i capitoli 21 – 20, il resto dell’Africa così come alcune delle isole nell’Oceano Indiano.

La proporzione di volume di gran lunga più grande II è dedicata alla civilizzazione antica dell’Egitto a causa del relativo posto preponderante nella storia remota dell’Africa.
Città perse dell’Africa

da Basil Davidson (autore)

Descrizione del libro:

Unendo la prova archeological e la ricerca da studioso, Davidson illustra lo sviluppo emozionante dei regni ricchi delle città perse dell’Africa, quindici cento anni prima che le navi europee in primo luogo siano venuto ai puntelli africani.

Inganno storico: La storia di Untold dell’Egitto antico

da Moustafa Gadalla

Inganno storico: La storia di Untold dell’Egitto antico fornisce uno studio fresco, emozionante e lettore-amichevole su storia egiziana antica – una storia che ha sofferto dai pregiudizi ingrained degli eruditi religiosi (cristiano, ebreo, musulmani) che negano che l’Egitto è la fonte delle loro dottrine religiose (particolarmente monotheism); ed eruditi rationalist che negano l’esistenza di scienza e di filosofia prima dei Greci. L’inganno storico è una correzione tanto necessaria a moltissime distorsione, soppressione e smentita storiche. L’inganno storico è un vivace, un aggancio, una stimolazione, una lettura provocatoria, lle facili da leggere e difficile posare.

Commento dei lettori:

Questo testo presenta le informazioni storiche bene basate che bene-sono ricercate e chiaramente comprensibile concernente la cronologia degli eventi biblici e dei partecipanti. Citando le fonti quali il Koran, il Torah, il Talmud, il testo ebraico di Massoretic di vecchio testamento ed il testo greco di Septuagint di vecchio testamento, con un gran numero di riferimenti agli impianti storici più moderni, l’autore fornisce una spiegazione realistica e ragionevole per molti puzzle biblici e contraddizioni apparenti.
L’età dorata di attracco (giornale delle civilizzazioni africane,

Volume 11, caduta 1991)

da Ivan Van Sertima (redattore)

Brani:

Chi sono questi attraccano? Attracca sono gente nera indigena in Mauritania. “Il sig. Chandler ci dice che di una corsa differente di attracchi chi sono stati conosciuti come Garamantes/Caucasians, intermarried con il nero attracca, così si è trasformato in nel tawny del `attracca’ o il bianco del `attracca’.„

Secondo l’antropologo, Dana Reynolds, il Berbers nero originale, che è stato denominato attracca, era gli antenati africani del nord della gente oggi scuro-marrone e scuro-nera del Sahara e del Sahel, pricipalmente quelli ha denominato Fulani, il Tuareg, Zenagha del Marocco del sud, Kunta e Tebbu dei paesi del Sahel così come altri arabi neri ora che vivono in Mauritania e durante il Sahel, includono Trarza della Mauritania e del Senegal, il Mogharba così come le dozzine di altre tribù sudanesi, il Chaamba del Ritaglio e dell’Algeria. Oltre al suo studio molto dettagliato sulle origini e sulle affiliazioni di varie tribù, precisa che gli Africani coinvolgere nell’occupazione Moorish di Iberia non hanno sviluppato appena le cose notevoli in Europa ma anche nelle loro terre natali. Hanno fondato e costruito molte città industrious e prosperose dappertutto il nord dell’Africa e come estremo verso il sud come Timbuktu. Le rovine dei loro molti castelli possono essere viste tanto in Africa del Nord quanto in Andalusia.

Il Westerners ha scelto concentrarsi sul mondo più recente dell’arabo e della gente Berber-parlante e presentarlo come se fosse un mondo che è stato sempre. “È come paragonare il Aztecs di cinquecento anni fa alla miscela etnica dell’America oggi,„ ha scritto Reynolds. “La storia di quando l’Africa del nord era Moorish e l’Arabia, la terra di Saracens, ha ancora dirsi a.„
Oromia: Un’introduzione alla storia della gente di Oromo

da Gadaa Melbaa

Descrizione del libro:

Un cliente della lotta della gente di Oromo per affermare il loro posto nella storia. Il Oromo compone una parte significativa del corno della popolazione dell’Africa. Oromia è un titolo usato per riferirsi al Oromo come entità politica, culturale e sociale. Vivendo nelle nazioni africane orientali, la gente di Oromo è in gran parte sconosciuta a la maggior parte del mondo; questo lavoro alza in su la gente, la loro coltura e le loro lotte.

All’interno del libro di Petrie, una storia dell’Egitto (1896) accennano un gruppo di persone nell’Egitto antico dal nome del Galla Oromo anche denominato. Petrie ha scritto: “Lungamente è stato fa rilevato che gli sphinxes neri, più successivamente appropriati dal Hyksos, avvicinato al tipo del Galla di Abyssinia„.

“Questo inizia un’inchiesta come il collegamento del Galla potrebbe comparire così sui monumenti. Nella distanza e nella progettazione delle tombe della roccia a Qau, Antaeopolis, il programma particolare di quelle tombe, con i corridoi grandi e piccoli gli alloggiamenti annessi, sono stati osservati per essere molto attentamente paralleli a quello delle tempie successive di Nubian. In sia tomba che tempiale il lavoro principale è nella roccia compatta, mentre il forecourt è della massoneria costruita davanti esso. Un’altra caratteristica era martello-funziona uno scavo di una tomba, che evidentemente era stato fatto con le sfere di pietra, come nel funzionamento del granito di Aswan e questa implica un collegamento del sud. Questa gente non compare in alcune annotazioni e tutti i loro monumenti sono stati reappropriated. Hanno andato, tuttavia, uno stile il più notevole della scultura, negli sphinxes che più successivamente sono stati rimossi a Tanis, ma sembra originalmente venire dal EL Kab, dove una parte di un tal sphinx è stata trovata. Il tipo è molto attentamente come quello del Galla. La prova che tutte le sculture più in anticipo di Tanis sono state raccolte là da Ramessu II sembra chiara; e che questi sphinxes sono più in anticipo di il Hyksos è determinato da quei re che li appropriano. Nessun periodo sembra così probabile per loro come il settimo – i decimi dynasties. Il tipo era pesante barbuto, con capelli folti„. Petrie, 1896
L’Africa dal settimo all’undicesimo secolo

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 3)

dal I. Hrbek

Pubblicato: 1992

Il periodo coperto nel volume III è dominato da due movimenti del maggiore e da importanza lating nella storia dell’Africa. L’influenza di Islam stava aumentando di nord e di ovest; stava interagendo con coltura africana tradizionale. Nel sud ci era l’espansione Bantù.

Il libro primo dispone l’Africa nel contesto di storia del mondo all’apertura del settimo secolo, prima di esaminare l’effetto generale della penetrazione islamica, l’espansione continua della gente Bantù-parlante e lo sviluppo delle civilizzazioni nelle zone di Sudanic dell’Africa ad ovest.

Capitoli dettagliati che discutono i dynasties islamici successivi dell’Africa del nord e dei loro contatti più larghi, Nubia cristiano, le civilizzazioni dei savannas, delle foreste e del litorale dell’Africa ad ovest, il corno dell’Africa e dello sviluppo interno e dei contatti internazionali del Madagascar.

Tre capitoli concludenti seguono il diaspora africano in Asia, esaminano i rapporti internazionali e la diffusione di tecnologia e delle idee in Africa e valutano l’effetto generale del periodo su storia africana.
Il congresso generale dell’organizzazione educativa, scientifica e culturale di Nazioni Unite (Unesco) alla relativa sedicesima sessione ha insegnato al Direttore Generale ad intraprendere la progettazione di una storia generale dell’Africa. L’operazione enorme di effettuare il progetto è stata affidata a ad un comitato scientifico internazionale che è stato istituito dal bordo esecutivo in 1970. Il comitato ha deciso presentare il covering del lavoro in tre milione anni di storia africana in otto volumi, ciascuno che contengono circa quattrocento pagine di testo con le illustrazioni, le fotografie, i programmi ed i disegni a tratteggio. La storia generale dell’Africa inoltre mette chiaramente in evidenza i rapporti dell’Africa con l’Asia del sud attraverso l’Oceano Indiano ed i contributi africani ad altre civilizzazioni con gli scambi reciproci.

La storia generale dell’Africa è, in una larga misura, una riflessione fedele del senso in cui gli autori africani osservano la loro propria civilizzazione. Con la nomina del comitato scientifico internazionale dei 39 membri, due terzi africano ed un terzo non-Africano, che assume la responsabilità intellettuale della storia generale dell’Africa.
“Uno dei progetti accademici più ambiziosi da intraprendere in questo secolo.„
L’Africa nel diciannovesimo secolo fino al 1880s

(Storia generale dell’Africa, volume 4)

dal J.F. Ade Ajayi

Pubblicato: 1998

Coperture del volume VI la storia dell’Africa dall’inizio del diciannovesimo secolo all’inizio “dello scramble„ europeo per il territorio coloniale nel 1880s.

Nonostante un commerciale europeo crescente, la presenza religiosa e politica durante il secolo, influenze esterne è stata ritenuta indirettamente dalla maggior parte delle società africane ed hanno fatto una varietà dei tentativi culturalmente distintivi di modernizzare, espandersi e svilupparsi. Due serie di eventi influenti – il Mfecane in Africa del sud con le relative ramificazioni centrale ed in Africa orientale ed i movimenti dei reformers musulmani in Africa ad ovest – dovuti piccolo o niente ad influenza ed alle figure straniere prominente in otto dei capitoli.

The book opens with four thematic chapters examining the major forces at work in African society at the beginning of the century; Africa’s changing role in the world-economy; new trends and processes; and the effects of the abolition of the slave trade. These are followed by twenty-three chapters detailing developments in the various regions. Two concluding chapters trace the African diaspora and assess the state of the Continent’s political, economic and cultural development on the eve of the European conquest.
Daily Life of the Nubians

by Robert Steven Bianchi

Published: 2004

Description:

Until recently little was known about ancient Nubia and day-to-day lives of the Nubian people aside from knowing it was a civilization contemporary with, distinct from, and living under the shadow of Ancient Egypt. Nubia existed from about 3500-300 BCE, close to 3,000 years. Thanks to recent massive archeological surveys, we now have a much clearer picture of Nubian civilization, what they ate, how they dressed, how they cared for their dead, their military triumphs and defeats, where their cities were built, and what they looked like. Of course they underwent dramatic changes over time, and these are noted where appropriate. Though often confused with the Ethiopians of Greek lore, little doubt remains that Nubians were in fact black African peoples, and their civilization has been claimed by many as proof of a sophisticated and ancient black African society.

For ease of use by students, the work is organized chronologically. Each chapter is divided into convenient subheads that detail military and warfare, government, language, relations with neighboring civilizations; work and the economy, engineering and architecture, housing, transportation, family life, life cycle events, women’s roles, art, music and dance, literature, science, and religion. It includes a historical timeline of Nubian history, a glossary of Nubian terms, and a bibliography for further reading. Throughout the work, Bianchi, an expert on the Nubians, shows how the modern world has little by little come to discover and recognize the distinctiveness and importance of Nubia in ancient history. This work will replace all earlier resources on Nubian life and will provide school and public librarians with the most up-to-date and historically correct information on the Nubians.
Greater Ethiopia : The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society

by Donald N. Levine

Published: 2000

Editorial Reviews:

Greater Ethiopia combines history, anthropology, and sociology to answer two major questions. Why did Ethiopia remain independent under the onslaught of European expansionism while other African political entities were colonized? And why must Ethiopia be considered a single cultural region despite its political, religious, and linguistic diversity?

Donald Levine’s interdisciplinary study makes a substantial contribution both to Ethiopian interpretive history and to sociological analysis. In his new preface, Levine examines Ethiopia since the overthrow of the monarchy in the 1970s.

“Ethiopian scholarship is in Professor Levine’s debt. . . . He has performed an important task with panache, urbanity, and learning.”–Edward Ullendorff, Times Literary Supplement

“Upon rereading this book, it strikes the reader how broad in scope, how innovative in approach, and how stimulating in arguments this book was when it came out. . . . In the past twenty years it has inspired anthropological and historical research, stimulated theoretical debate about Ethiopia’s cultural and historical development, and given the impetus to modern political thinking about the complexities and challenges of Ethiopia as a country. The text thus easily remains an absolute must for any Ethiopianist scholar to read and digest.”-J. Abbink, Journal of Modern African Studies

Culture and Customs of Egypt (Culture and Customs of Africa)

by Molefi K. Asante

Book Description:

Modern Egypt blends African history and geography with Arab culture and religion. With its position at the crossroads of Africa, its status as a major Islamic nation, and continuing interest in its ancient monuments, Egypt makes for fascinating study. This volume provides an accessible, up-to-date overview of a society that greatly evolved, yet retains traces of attitudes and behaviors from the days of the Pharaohs.

About the Author:

Molefi Kete Asante is Professor, Department of African American Studies, Temple University. He is the author of more than 50 books, including The Egyptian Philosophers (2000).

Upper Egypt: Life Along the Nile

by Nicholas S. Hopkins (Editor)

Book Description:

Upper Egypt. Life along the Nile describes life in the southern part of Egypt in the twentieth century. The book represents some of the most recent social and cultural research in the area, and it focuses on aspects of Egypt that tend to disappear in the background of the attractions that tourists see. The authors have done field research in Upper Egypt. This is one of the few recent books contributing to our understanding of this neglected region, which is based on first hand knowledge of local conditions. The book contains articles on agriculture and irrigation, language, religious life among Muslims and Christians, Sufism, customary law, crafts and craftsmen, and tribalism.

Book has lots of photos of modern Egyptians.
Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile

Excellent coffee table book: 12.5 x 9.4 x 1.4 inches; Sudan possesses, among other things,

223 pyramids. This book has 400 pages of color photos of Nubian Kings & Queens, and their artifacts and treasures. Nubian photos you will not find on the internet.

Contents: The Prehistory of Sudan; 6,000 years ago; A-Group and Pre-Kerma; The First Kingdoms;

C-Group; The Kingdom of Kerma; Egypt in Sudan; The Image of the Nubian in Egyptian Art; Napata and the Kushite Dynasty; Kings of the Sacred Mountain; Napata and the Kushite Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt; The Kingdom of Napata and Meroe; The Kingdom of Meroe; Meroitic Writing and Language; The Meroitic Pantheon; Meroitic Treasure; Meroitic Ceramics; Meroe and Hellenism;

Late Meroitic Culture; Meroitic Architecture

Authors: Salah Mohamed Ahmed; Charles Bonnet; Fredrich Hinkel; Hassan Hussein Idris; Timothy Kendall; Lech Krzyzaniak; Jean Leclant; Karl-Heinz Priese; Jacques Reinold; Dietrich Wildung
Early Art and Architecture of Africa (Oxford History of Art)

by Peter Garlake

“There is nothing else like it. A sure guide to the Africa of ancient marvels and scenes of confrontation in times and places long forgotten or unknown.” Basil Davidson

This new history of over 5000 years of African art reveals its true diversity for the first time. Challenging centuries of misconceptions that have obscured the sophisticated nature of African art, Peter Garlake uses the latest research and archaeological findings to offer exciting new insights into the period between 20,000 BC and 1500 AD. All the main regions are covered: southern Africa, Nubia, Aksum, the Niger River, West Africa, Great Zimbabwe, and the East African coast.

Acknowledging the universal allure of the African art object, this book restores it to its original social and historical context, helping us to understand more about the ways in which this art was produced, used, and received.

• 112 illustrations with 64 in full colour

• Invaluable guides to museums, galleries, and websites
The Nubian Past: An Archaeology of the Sudan

by David N. Edwards

348 pages

Routledge (October 30, 2004)

In this book David Edwards, a distinguished specialist in Sudanese archaeology, provides the readers with a very useful and exhaustive outline of the history of the Sudan during the Holocene (from c. 10,000 BC to the present), mainly on the basis of the archaeological evidence which has been brought to light in the last thirty years.

The book is divided into nine chapters about the following topics: Nubia, the Sudan and

Sudanic Africa; Hunters, fishers and gatherers (c. 10,000–5000 BC); The Neolithic (c. 5000–3000 BC);

Kerma and Bronze Age Kush; The Kushite Revival (XXV Dynasty and kingdom of Napata);

Meroitic Kush (c. 300 BC–AD 350); Post-Meroitic transitions (c. AD 350–550); Medieval Nubia

(c. AD 500–1500); and Post-medieval Sudan and Islam (c. AD 1500–1900).

The Rescue of Jerusalem: The Alliance Between Hebrews

and Africans in 701 B.C.

(Paperback – 444 pages – Soho Press (April 1, 2003)

by Henry T. Aubin

From Library Journal:

Aubin argues that the Kushite rescue of Jerusalem from certain annihilation in 701 B.C.E. instigated the Jewish concept of being God’s “elect” and was therefore a seminal event in the development of Zionism. Dealing competently with the biblical and historical sources despite what some might see as a lack of formal training in this area (he is a journalist instead of a historian, though he did do graduate work in history at the University of Strasbourg), Aubin asserts that the Kushites black Africans who ruled Egypt at this time saved the city from destruction by the Assyrians. According to Aubin, historians accepted this view until the late 19th century, when colonialism impinged on the European perception of these events; suddenly, the theory that an epidemic weakened the Assyrian army rose to prominence. Aubin asserts that this was one of the most important battles in history; had the Assyrians wiped out Jerusalem, there would have been no Christianity or Islam. Whether or not one accepts his conclusions, this work is a wonderful exercise in historiography. Recommended for all academic libraries. Clay Williams, Hunter College Library, City University New York
The Nubian Pharaohs: Black Kings on the Nile

by Dominique Valbelle & Charles Bonnet

Product Details:

Hardcover; 216 pages

Published: February 2007

Description:

In 2003, a Swiss archaeological team working in northern Sudan uncovered one of the most remarkable Egyptological finds in recent years. At the site known as Kerma, near the third cataract of the Nile, archaeologist Charles Bonnet and his team discovered a ditch within a temple from the ancient city of Pnoubs, which contained seven monumental black granite statues. Magnificently sculpted, and in an excellent state of preservation, they portrayed five pharaonic rulers, including Taharqa and Tanoutamon, the last two pharaohs of the ‘Nubian’ Dynasty, when Egypt was ruled by kings from the lands of modern-day Sudan. For over half a century, the Nubian pharaohs governed a combined kingdom of Egypt and Nubia, with an empire stretching from the Delta to the upper reaches of the Nile.

The seven statues, with their exquisite workmanship, transform our understanding of the art of this period. In particular, the colossal statue of Taharqa–almost certainly done by an Egyptian sculptor–is a masterpiece of stone artwork. Beautifully illustrated with over 170 color photographs, The Nubian Pharaohs illuminates the epic history of this little-known historical era, when the pharaohs of Egypt came from Sudan. In this major new book, which combines the latest archaeological research with stunning photography, Charles Bonnet and Dominique Valbelle narrate the incredible story of their discovery–one that will change our understanding of Egypt and Africa in the ancient world.
Genesis of the Pharaohs

by Toby Wilkinson

Product Details: 208 pages; (2003)

Peer Review Excerpt:

Genesis of the Pharaohs: Genesis of the ‘Ka’ and Crowns?

by Timothy Kendall, Archaeologist

In his Genesis of the Pharaohs, Toby Wilkinson shines new light on the Predynastic by demonstrating that the majority of rock drawings in the Eastern Desert of Upper Egypt date to Naqada I (c. 4000–3500 BC). Since the petroglyphs depict wild African fauna, hunters with bows and dogs, and men herding cattle, it is clear that the now nearly lifeless region up to 100 km east of the Nile between Quft and Hierakonpolis was at this time a well-watered, well-populated, game-rich savanna. That the rock artists were not mere isolated pastoralists but also part-time Nile dwellers is evident because their works commonly include boats. This implies that the artists probably moved from river to range in seasonal cycles. Because of this, and the fact that so many of the drawings echo subjects in later Egyptian art, Wilkinson makes a compelling case that the rock artists were the ancestors of the dynastic Egyptians. His conclusion: “the heavy reliance of these people on herding and hunting rather than agriculture suggests that their roots — and indeed the roots of Egyptian civilization — lay not so much along the Nile but in the pre-arid Sahara.”
Learn to read hieroglyphics

Egyptian Language Easy Lessons in Egyptian Hieroglyphics

by E. A. Wallis Budge (The father of Egyptology)

This remains the classic introductory volumn for beginners.

also purchase:

Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Vols 1 & 2 by E. A. Wallis Budge

This should be on every students shelf.

King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba

by Blu Greenberg, Linda Tarry, Avi Katz (Illustrator)

Reading level: Ages 4-8

Reviewer:

I picked up this book at the library as reading material for my 17-month-old son. He (and I) loved the illustrations. I appreciated it being a real Bible story, and a history lesson–marvelously illustrated in 48 pages; but this books goes where most authors and illustrators don’t. You won’t see this version of the story in movie theatres. I did additional research to verify the accuracy of its’ contents and I discoverd everything to be valid. This book should be read by all African-American children (and adults). They won’t read about their kings and queens in textbooks as others are portrayed–which is a dis-service to their culture. I purchased three copies for myself and will be purchasing more as gifts.

Sudan Ancient Treasures: An Exhibition Of Recent Discoveries

From The Sudan National Museum

by Derek A. Welsby (Editor), Julie R. Anderson (Editor)

Published: 2004

Hardcover: 336 pages; Over 300 color photos of artifacts

Description:

A comprehensive survey of Sudanese ancient cultures, the history of archaeology in Sudan, current work and recent trends. The Sudan is the largest country in Africa. For millennia it has been the zone of contact between the peoples of Central Africa and those emanating from the Mediterranean world. The National Museum in Khartoum houses one of the finest collections of antiquities from the Nile Valley and is of international importance; however, the vast quantity of material is in store and has rarely if ever been seen by the public. This exhibition will seek to display some of the finest objects produced during all phases of human settlement from the Palaeolithic through to the Islamic period.
Ancient African Metallurgy: The Sociocultural Context

by Michael S. Bisson, S. Terry Childs, Philip De Barros, Augustin F. C. Holl, and

Joseph O. Vogel (Foreword, Editor)

Book Description:

Gold. Copper. Iron. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both public lore and extensive archaeological investigation. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: Where how and when was metal first introduced to the continent? How were iron and copper tools, implements, and objects used in everyday life, in trade, in political and cultural contexts? What role did metal objects play in the ideological systems of precolonial African peoples? Substantive chapters address the origins of metal working and the technology and the various uses and meanings of copper and iron. An ethnoarchaeological account in the words of a contemporary iron worker enriches the archaeological explanations. This book provides a comprehensive, timely summary of our current knowledge. This volume will be of great value to scholars and students of archaeology, African history, and the history of technology.

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One Response to “GREAT BOOKS ON BLACK CIVILIZATIONS FROM HOMESTEAD.COM”
Mary Ann Says:

July 5th, 2007 at 3:10 pm
I am wanting to purchase the book: Melanin: The Chemical Key To Black Greatness The Series

Please respond to this email address if you know where copies can be purchased: mm3038thrives@aol.com

Thanks

GREAT BOOKS ON BLACK CIVILIZATIONS FROM HOMESTEAD.COM

April 11, 2007

from: homestead.com

The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality

by Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop

Egyptology developed in concurrence with the development of the slave trade and the colonial system. It was during this period that Egypt was literally taken out of Africa, academically, and made an extension of Europe. In many ways Egypt is the key to ancient African history. African history is out of kilter until ancient Egypt is looked upon as a distinct African nation. The Nile River played a major role in the relationship to Egypt to the nations in Southeast Africa. During the early history of Africa, the Nile was a great cultural highway on which elements of civilization came into and out of inner Africa. In the chapter called, “Birth of the Negro Myth,” Dr. Diop shows how African people, whose civilizations were old before Europe was born, were systematically read out of the respectful commentary of human history. This examination is continued in the chapter called, “Modern Falsification of History.” Here, Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop deals with how Western historians, for the last five hundred years wrote or rewrote history glorifying the people of European extraction and distorted the history of the rest of the world. Those who read this book seriously are in for a shock and rewarding experience in learning. This is a major work by a major African historian. At last, the renaissance of African historiography from an African point of view has begun, and none too soon.

Turning to the major falsification of the history of mankind, as he puts it, Cheikh Anta Diop underlines that the time has come to bring justice to the Negro race, to give black people their due credit for leading the march, and blazing a trail for humanity to follow.
Egypt Revisited: Journal of African Civilizations

by Ivan Van Sertima (Editor)

A compilation of many great scholars sharing their expertise. This book has many ancient photos.

Contents:

Race and Origin of the Ancient Egyptians, Black Dynasties and Rulers, Philosophy and Science of the Egyptians, Miscellaneous Essays and more.

Authors include: Ivan Van Sertima, Chiekh Anta Diop, Basil Davidson, James Brunson, Bruce Williams, Runoko Rashidi, Wayne B. Chandler, Asa G. Hilliard III, Legrand Clegg II, Phaon Goldman (Tarharka), Habib Sy, Theophile Obenga, Charles S. Finch, Maulana Karenga, Larry Williams, Beatrice Lumpkin and others.
Black Spark, White Fire: Did African Explorers Civilize Ancient Europe?

by Richard Poe

In Black Spark, White Fire, Richard Poe seeks to transcend the passions and politics surrounding this subject. He examines the issues objectively and reaches conclusions that some may find startling.

Based upon seven years of research, including in-depth interviews with leading scholars and scientists, Black Spark, White Fire has been praised by experts as varied as Temple University professor Molefi Kete Asante, Cornell University historian Martin Bernal and Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl. With all the suspense of a mystery thriller, Black Spark follows a slender trail of clues that leads from the highlands of Ethiopia to the barrows of the Russian steppes. It pieces together the forgotten story of an Age of Exploration that ended nearly 3,000 years before Columbus — a time when Egypt ruled the waves, Africa was the seat of learning and power, and Europe a savage frontier.
Please help to keep Ancient Africa’s Black Kingdoms online by purchasing books from this page, or you may purchase other products from Amazon by clicking on any of the books below. Amazon has excellent prices and fast service.

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Myra Wysinger–Editor

USA

Thank you for your support.
Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient View of Blacks

by Frank M. Snowden

According to Professor Emeritus Frank M. Snowden Jr., (AB, AM, Ph.D.) Howard University Classicist Department–reading of the sources, the Ethiopians “pioneered” religion, and were key to the origin and propagation of many of the customs which existed in Egypt. The Egyptians, it was argued, were descendants of the Ethiopians. Snowden states that the term Kushites, Nubians, or Ethiopians is to used in much the same way as the modern term “colored”, “black, or Negro”. “The experiences of Africans who reached the alien shores of Greece and Italy constituted an important chapter in the history of classical antiquity,” he writes. “Using evidence from terra cotta figures, paintings, and classical sources like Herodotus and Pliny the Elder, Snowden proves, contrary to our modern assumptions, that Greco-Romans did not view Africans with racial contempt. Many Africans worked in the Roman Empire as musicians, artisans, scholars, and generals as well as slaves, and they were noted as much for their virtue as for their appearance of having a “burnt face” (from which came the Greek name Ethiopian)”.

Professor Snowden received the National Humanities medal in 2003, which honors individuals or groups whose work has deepened the nation’s understanding of the humanities, broadened citizens’ engagement with the humanities, or helped preserve and expand Americans’ access to important resources in the humanities.
Blacks in Antiquity: Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience

by Frank M. Snowden

Further developing the themes he so eloquently outlines in Blacks in Antiquity, Frank M. Snowden Jr. continues his investigations into attitudes towards Africans in the classical civilizations of Rome and Greece. Snowden identifies the African blacks from Egypt, Nubia (the modern Sudan), Ethiopia, and Carthage (Tunisia), discussing their interactions–including intermarriage–with the Greco-Romans. (He also notes that many of the artistic representations of these people resemble present-day African Americans.) From the trade missions of the Egyptian dynasties to their conquest of the Mediterranean and ultimate downfall at the hands of the Romans, Snowden unravels a complex history of cultural exchanges that went on for several millennia in which racial prejudice was not a factor. “There was a clear-cut respect among the Mediterranean peoples for Ethiopians and their way of life,” he writes, “and above all, the ancients did not stereotype blacks as primitives defective in religion and culture.” — Eugene Holley Jr.
Black Women in Antiquity (Journal of African Civilizations; V. 6)

by Ivan Van Sertima (Editor)

Customer Review:

This is a well researched and very scholarly book. Ivan Van Sertima as well as the contributors to this work have produced much insight on African women in world history like Queen Nzinga, the candace queens, Makeda (Queen of Sheba) Hatshepsut and many others. I feel that this work is of great significance and should be read by all who are interested in the role of African women in world history.
African Civilization Revisited: From Antiquity to Modern Times

by Basil Davidson

From Library Journal:

This book, by one of the premier historians of Africa, is a slightly revised and expanded edition of his The African Past. As before, it consists of snippets of historical source materials from western, eastern, and southern Africa, emphasizing pre-19th century times. The study of black African history was relatively new when this book was originally published, so it was useful as a demonstration that Africa indeed had a history. Now, over 25 years later, one wonders if the point needs to be made yet again. Still, its greatest use may be to point out to students the variety of sources available for the study of African history. This is recommended for collections not having the original edition.

Paul H. Thomas, Hoover Inst. Lib., Stanford, Cal.
The Black Pharaohs: Egypt’s Nubian Rulers

by Robert G. Morkot

Book Description:

A comprehensive investigation of the Kushite kingdom, present day northern Sudan, which briefly controlled Egypt during the 8th century BC and influenced Egyptian affairs for hundreds of years. Morkot examines ancient and antiquarian perceptions of the exotic lands of Nubia and Ethiopia and attempts to tie the towns of Kush to archaeological remains. A large part of the book concentrates on the role of the Nubians during Egypt’s conflicts with Libya and the Assyrians.
Kush – The Jewel of Nubia: Reconnecting the Root System of African Civilization

by Miriam Ma’At-Ka-Re Monges

Editorial Reviews

From the Back Cover

The Great Cheikh Anta Diop identified the roots of African culture from which one can trace the branches. No African researcher since, however, has provided a comprehensive analysis connecting the ancient Nile Valley civilizations with the African universe. From the pyramids of Egypt to the great walls of Zimbabwe, Western scholars have attributed the achievements of these prodigious indigenous African civilizations to people culturally and geographically alien to Africa. However, in the case of the ancient Nubian Empire of Kush, which occupied the southern part of Kemet (ancient Egypt) and all of present-day Sudan, one expects reasonable scholars to attribute this African culture to an African people. The present much-needed work traces Diop’s great “African cultural commonalities” of matriarchy, totemism, divine kinship, and cosmology to the very core of Kushite culture. This book is on the cutting edge of a new generation of Afrocentric scholarship whose mandate it is to provide a clearer picture of Africa’s true nature, it s genius and its genuine contribution to World Civilizations.
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USA

Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race from

4500 B.C to 2000 A.D.

by Chancellor Williams

This book without a doubt is one of the most carefully researched books I have ever read.

I love the way that Mr. Williams carefully breaks down the history of the early African and traces them throughout their history. He gives proficient details about the accomplishments and failures of the early African people. There is a reoccurring theme in this book. Indigenous Africans gain power and indigenous Africans lose power. That statement sums up this book briefly. Mr. Williams goes into detail to explain how a black Egypt could be viewed by the world as being white. The answers to this question can be found starting with chapter two entitled Ethiopia’s Oldest Daughter: Egypt. In this chapter, he proposes “the mulatto problem” which I feel is key in understanding how the face of early Africa was changed. When other groups of people came in from the east the Africans allowed them to assimilate into their culture. There were many interracial unions, which allowed for a mixture of kin. This mixture of kin is what lead to the demise of the total black African state. Time and time of again people who did not have a natural birth right to any African state were allowed to do so based on marriage or kinship. This is why Mr. Williams study shows how indigenous African flip-flop control of power so frequently. Whenever indigenous African took control of Egypt the power was relinquish due to an interracial unions or kinship not to mention the violence and acts of war. Again, in many ways this scenario is a reoccurring them throughout this book. The early African inability to hold on to what was natural his has cause others to question whether he should be given any credit at all. Mr. Williams traces what happen and he gives excellent details.
Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Cushite Empire, Book 1

by Drusilla Dunjee Houston

Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Cushite Empire represents the crowning achievement of Ms. Drusilla Dunjee Houston. The work was originally published in Oklahoma City in 1926. It is the first known attempt by a Black woman, and perhaps anyone, to produce a multi-volume work on African history told from an African perspective.

Ms. Houston herself was an educator, journalist and historian. She spent most of her life in Oklahoma and Arizona and succumbed to tuberculosis in Phoenix, Arizona in 1941.

Her work is broad and comprehensive and was quite advanced for its time. Its audience was not confined to scholars but the layperson, particularly Black folk, who were in need of a accurate tonic to boost Black self-esteem. It retains a powerful value even today, more than seventy years since its initial publication. –Runoko Rashidi
Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization

(The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985)

by Martin Bernal

Unlike most of Martin Bernal’s detractors, I read all three of his books: Black Athena I, Black Athena II, and Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics. Bernal is miles ahead of his light weight, poorly read, reactionary critics, who obviously have not read his highly documented books in there entirety. His detractors are responding to their racist attitudes, inculcated in them through their culture, over the past five hundred years (since the European Slave Trade when albinos attempted to dehumanize melanics). If albinos stop denying the truth of the origin of so-called “Western” Civilization (all civilization came out of the heart of Africa), and read Bernals bibliography, they will see that he documents everything he writes. Some other non-racist albinos everyone should read who tell the truth are: Gerald Massey, Count Volney, Godfrey Higgins, Schwaller de Lubicz to name a few. Some melanics they should read who tell the truth are: Indus Khamit Kush, Chancellor Williams, John G. Jackson, Herodotus (Herodotus was Asian; and so was Thales, the so-called Father of “European” Philosophy. Philosophy originated in Africa were Thales learned his Philosophy), George G.M. James, Cheikh Anta Diop, and John Henrik Clarke. There are many others both melanic and albinic historians such as Martin Bernal who write the truth. Melanics should automatically purchase and read any book about them that is attacked by albinos. Do not believe anything racist albino historians and anthropologists write about melanics. — George Lawrence from Decatur, GA United States
The Egyptian Philosophers: Ancient African Voices from Imhotep to Akhenaten

by Molefi Kete Asante

Molefi Asante’s Ancient Egyptian Philosophers: From Imhotep To Akhenaten is a timely redressing of a serious omission in the human history — the antiquarian contributions of African philosophers to medicine, philosophy, science, and the birth of civilization itself. Beginning with a chronology of Ancient World Philosophers, this scholarly, superbly crafted survey covers Imhotep and the “emergence of reason”, Ptahhotep and the “moral order”, Merikare on “common sense”, as well as the contributions and insights of Akhenaten, Amenemope, and others whose work was ignored, suppressed, or simply unknown to the academia based on Greco-Roman sources and histories. Ancient Egyptian Philosophers: From Imhotep To Akhenaten is highly recommended reading for students of Black Studies, philosophy, and the history of science. — Midwest Book Review
Metu Neter Vol. 1: The Great Oracle of Tehuti and the Egyptian System

of Spiritual Cultivation

by Ra Un Nefer Amen

This is known as THE Book. This is the book that puts the science in African-centered spirituality. By revealing the essence of the oldest religion in the world, Ra Un Nefer Amen gives the practical keys to unlocking the “secrets” of the universe. Of course, much will be missed by readers, because they will only read the book, but not apply its teachings.

Reading a book about spirituality does not raise one’s consciousness. Applying the teachings in Metu Neter will.
Stolen Legacy

by George G. M. James

Readers Comments:

George James should be commended for his brave and enlightening work. Stolen Legacy challenges us to reconsider many of the theories and ideologies that have been impressed upon us through the American education system. We are constantly told that the ancient Greeks were the originators of philosophy, science, and many mathematical theories, but we aren’t given an adequate explanation of how they developed these ideas. In fact, James offers a completely different explanation for the origins of philosophy. He claims that what has been passed of as Greek philosophy, is actually stolen Egypt philosophy and was passed down through the Egyptian Mystery System. Little has been told about the Egyptian Mystery System, but James tries to explain the basics of this system and how it spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

This is a must read. It gives another perspective to the idea that the Greeks created Philosophy. The author analyzes several known Greeks including Pythagoras, Aristotle and Plato and their doctrines to show how they are actually Egyptian in nature. He even goes so far as to making some strong recommendations on how we as people of humanity, Blacks in particular, can help change the misconception of crediting Greeks for accomplishments they learned from Africans. (Egypt always has been and always will be an African nation.)
Exiled Egyptians: The Heart of Africa

by Moustafa Gadalla

Readers comments:

I found this book to be very informative and I especially appreciate the fact that the author is from Egypt. I have purchased all of the books this foundation offers and they all live up to this one. I also found his testimony to be one of the most correct and honest in dealing with the origins of Egyptian civilization.

Read a concise and comprehensive historical account of Egypt for the last 3,000 years. Read about the forgotten Ancient Egyptians, who fled the foreign invasions and religious oppressors. Read how they rebuilt the Ancient Egyptians model system in Africa, when Egypt itself became an Arab colony. Read about the Ancient Egyptians’ social, economical, and political systems, and their extended application into sub-Sahara Africa. Find out how the Islamic jihads fragmented and dispersed the African continent into endless misery and chaos. Discover the true causes and dynamics of African slavery.
The Africans Who Wrote the Bible

by Dr. Nana Banchie Darkwah

Reviewer:

Here Are the Puzzle Pieces

This is a great book but there are things you need to know. This book is written based upon the African language similarities with those of present-day Africa, ancient Africa and words found within the bible. With that said, there are sitings noted from various African nations throughout West Africa.

The thing that should be noted is that the author clearly states that the Jewish people are not the original Jews. The author is under the opinion that the original Jewish people were African people who left probably during the so-called Exodus. The present day Jewish people as stated within the book still carry African names. If I read this correctl, that is from cover to cover without skipping pages, this is what the author stated within the book. This is an excellent literary work for all African descendants because it does what so many have feared; connects present and traditional Africa to the ancient Africans and to the Africans Who Wrote the Bible.
No. 1 top seller on this web site!
Editor Choice
From Babylon to Timbuktu: A History of the Ancient Black Races Including the Black Hebrews

by Rudolph R. Windsor (Preface), El Hagahn (Illustrator)

An Awesome Documentary of Ancient African-Hebrew History

Reviewer:

Discovering almost nonexistence information on the ancient African races was a Delight. Being that I have interviewed African Jews myself I know that Mr. Windsor portrays an accurate account of Hebrewisms scattered to the four corners of the earth. He also references several Bible verse that support his idea. This book reads more like a documentary. After reading the Biblical account of the conditions that the Hebrews were prophesied to live in one would know that there is no way that the Jews in Israel today could meet the prophecy guidelines of ancient times. Windsor also points out the origin of the white races. Buy this book and he talks of the first land and people to practice monotheism. This Book awesomely sums up the history of the Black Israelites, and their Black alien god.
African Origins of Major “Western Religions”

by Yosef A.A. Ben-Jochannan, Yosef B. Jochannan

Book Description:

African Origins of the Major “Western Religions” first published in 1970, continues to be one of Dr. Ben’s most thought-provoking works. This critical examination of the history, beliefs and myths, remains instructive and fresh. By highlighting the African influences and roots of these religions, Dr. Ben reveals an untold history that many would prefer to forget.
Ancient Future: The Teachings and Prophetic Wisdom of the Seven Hermetic Laws of Ancient Egypt

by Wayne Chandler

Reader comment:

I have had my life transformed by the informative information in this book. This book is full of illuminating pearls of knowledge that can propel ones soul and spirit through the cosmos of reality to a level of spiritual awareness and enlightenment unknown to modern men. with this book ancient future, professor chandler has laid the modern day blue print for people of all ethnicities to return to a spiritual consciousness that will ensure their survival from the coming spiritual and electromagnetic surge of energy that is about to be unleashed upon the inhabitants of the earth. He talks about transcending the negative and receiving the positive surge of electromagnetic energy that will shoot through our mind, body, soul and spirit. If we are not in the right frame of mind this energy and electromagnetic gravitational pull will cause mankind to lose his mind and self destruct.

This is a must read book for all races of the world and it should be translated in all languages of the world. For the time is at hand for we are about to enter the Age of Aquarius. This book Ancient Future by Mr. Wayne B. Chandler is truly a prophetic book of wisdom and its timely unveiling is not coincidental by no stretch of the imagination, but divinely inspired by the all (or creative force of the universe) this book Ancient Future will change forever the way you view ancient and past civilizations. It will also help you understand the mindset and the psyche of other races as it pertains to their thinking processes and their reactions to cause and effect and also their historical ancestral profiles.
Egypt in Africa

by Theodore Celenko (Editor)

A reader from Oklahoma:

Egypt in Africa is a great book based on a great museum exhibit and it’s good to see it available through amazon.com. The book avoids the two popular extremes of denying all of the African roots and setting of Egyptian civilization and of claiming that anything and everything worth while in western civilization was African in origin. (This book makes it clear that Africa contributed so much that it’s foolish to discredit its valid claims by exaggeration.) Instead the book is a calm, objective, and persuasive as well as readible and clear look at Egypt in its African context. If you want to understand the “big picture” when it comes to ancient Egypt, you really need this book. A professor of art history.
Click HereThe Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume One: From the Pharaohs

to the Fall of the Roman Empire

by Frank M. Snowden Jr., etc.

During the fifteenth century BC, the pharaohs of the Eighteenth Dynasty established an empire extending from the Euphrates to the Fourth Cataract (Nubia). The southern conquests brought Egyptians into direct contact with black populations who continued to resist and counterattack. In the previous millennium black warriors and captives had occasionally appeared in the art of Egypt, Crete, and Cyprus. The Image of the Black in Western Art shows us, from the mid-fifteenth century to Tutankhamun’s painted box depicting blacks in Egyptian art increasingly portrayed realistic and unmistakable Negroes.
Africa: The Story of a Continent Programs 01-02 (1986)

(VIDEO)

Presenter Basil Davidson

Based largely on images from caves, pyramids, and tombs, Different but Equal, in volume 1 of the four-video series Africa: The Story of a Continent, presents an overview of early African cultures, with an introduction to classical Egypt and a more detailed study of Meroë. One of presenter Basil Davidson’s main theses, supported by period sources from both Africa and Europe, is that racism was not commonplace in classic or medieval interactions between Europe and Africa. In the series’ outstanding second episode, Mastering a Continent, Davidson focuses on three contemporary African societies and the different ways they have adapted to thrive in their environments. He features the iron working and farming advances of the Nok people in Nigeria and the elaborate system of religious belief of the Dogon in Mali. The discussion of northern Kenya’s cattle-raising Pokat people is truly exceptional. Davidson does a spectacular job of demonstrating the elaborate complexity of what may by some be mistakenly considered a primitive society. Fascinating personal interviews with a Pokat woman about men and women’s work and with a Pokat man about what a man needs before he can marry are the highlight of this well-done anthropological study. –Tara Chace

Description:

For centuries, Africa was ravished by the slave trade, which has distorted our view of its people. In Program One, Davidson shows that Africa gave rise to some of the world’s greatest civilizations. In Program Two, Davidson focuses on three different communities to see how African peoples carve out an existence in an often hostile environment.
Opening to Spirit : Contacting the Healing Power of the Chakras and Honouring African Spirituality

by Caroline Shola Arewa

A gifted spiritual guide and a yoga master illustrates the common root of many of our spiritual traditions through the mythology and spirituality of Ancient Egypt, Early India and West Africa. 8 color plates. 40 line drawings.

Book Description:

The chakras are wheels of energy inside the body. This ancient system is often thougth to have emerged from the yogic traditions of India, but in Opening to Spirit, Caroline Shola Arewa explores the importance of the chakras to the ancient Africans and Egyptians. She illustrates the common root of many of our spiritual traditions through the mythology and spirituality of Ancient Egypt, Early India and West Africa.
Of Water and the Spirit: Ritual, Magic, and Initiation in the Life of an African Shaman

by Malidoma Patrice Some

In the recent years there has been a surge of interest in indigenous tribal life and practices, as Western peoples start to feel the stirrings of their own indigenous tribal souls and go looking for answers to those who still possess the connection with the Land and the Spirit. While a lot has been published about Native American (both North and South), Tibetan, Altaic, Celtic etc., tribal life, rather little is known about Africa. Malidoma Some’s book therefore provides a welcome and highly inspiring contribution.

Any westerner who has ever wanted to know how an African thinks should read this book.
Introduction to African Civilizations

by John G. Jackson, Runoko Rashidi, John Henrik Clarke (Introduction)

Customer Comments:

This is an excellent book, it unfolds the true history of African people. It deals with the multitude of distortion and how African people have been written out of history. Cause of slavery, racism and white supremist propaganda. He deals with Ethiopia and the origin of civilization, showing how the first human being erected from Africa. If Africa gave birth to mankind then it is logical to accept the fact that Africa gave birth to civilization. He talks about Ethiopia, Ancient Egypt, and Nubia, Ghana, Mali, Songhay, etc. He systematical shows how Africans even engaged in sea voyages with ample proof and evidence. This is an excellent, objective and well rounded book.

Mr. Jackson was not just an able scholar, but he was a notable writer. This book, as are his others (I’ve read them all), is very easy to read, never going over the heads of those hardly acquainted with the many aspects of African history with which he deals. His chapters on “Egypt and the Evolution of Civilization” and “Africa and the Civilizing of Europe” are worth the entire price of the book. The introduction, by the late Dr. John Henrick Clarke, is one of the best I’ve read. Introduction to African Civilizations is well-documented, and is, in my opinion, a classic written by an academic giant.
Race: The Reality of Human Differences

by Professor Vincent Sarich & Frank Miele

Sarich, a University of California, Berkeley emeritus anthropologist, and Miele, an editor of Skeptic magazine, cannot resist calling the current view that “race does not exist” a “PC dogma.” They make cogent, if not convincing, arguments of their case in three areas. Race as a concept, they argue, considerably antedates colonial Europe, presenting such examples as an “Egyptian tomb with four races” (as one caption calls a tomb painting) that may point up “awareness” of difference, but whether that awareness correlates to concepts of “race” as currently defined remains unproven. Several chapters are heavy going on DNA-based research into the origin and differentiation of Homo sapiens, here interpreted as branching off from the other hominids recently enough to make differences among people very minor but, in the authors’ view, significant. They move from the Human Genome Project into their final section, in which differences in intelligence are said to correlate to a concept of race (but are not said to be a justification for discrimination). This last argument is predicated on what will seem to many readers an excessive faith in IQ tests.

The authors accepts the Out-of-Africa theory of human origins based on DNA, mtDNA, and

Y chromosome data. They do show how that data supports Out-of-Africa theory.
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African Religions & Philosophy

by John S. Mbiti

African Religions and Philosophy is a systematic study of the attitudes of mind and belief that have evolved in the many societies of Africa. In this second edition, Dr Mbiti has updated his material to include the involvement of women in religion, and the potential unity to be found in what was once thought to be a mass of quite separate religions.

Mbiti adds a new dimension to the understanding of the history, thinking, and life throughout the African continent. Religion is approached from an African point of view but is as accessible to readers who belong to non-African societies as it is to those who have grown up in African nations.

Since its first publication, this book has become acknowledged as the standard work in the field of study, and it is essential reading for anyone concerned with African religion, history, philosophy, anthropology or general African studies.
Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many

by Erik Hornung, John Baines (Translator)

The late Egyptologist Frank Joseph Yurco recommended Erik Hornung’s book, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many, translated by John Baines (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982). As he explained, the ancient Egyptians believed that god could reveal himself or herself in any aspect they chose. Thus, the God, Re, had 76 different forms, illustrated in the Ramesside tombs, but he could also be viewed as the solar disk, with the scarab and ram-headed form within; for a Trinitarian expression of the sun god, Re, in the daytime, Khepri in the morning; Aten at noon; and Re-Harakhti in the evening. Other major deities also had multiple forms, for instance Hathor, who could be a full cow in form, or a woman with cow’s ears, or a totally human woman, or a woman in a tree offering cool water to the deceased. In one story she appears to a herdsman, with a furry coat that scares him out of his wits, but the following day, she appears as a beautiful woman, with long hair.

It is this way of identifying deities that gave the Egyptians the ability to interchange images, yet see them as one or more deities, or combine differing deities into one, for instance Amun-Re, combining Amun with Re. So too the goddesses had the power to express themselves in differing forms. That is why Mut can have a lioness’ head, or a human head, wear the double crown, or a solar disk when in leonine form. Hornung’s book lays this out in beautiful detail.

Another book that Dr. Yurco recommended when he taught courses on ancient Egyptian religion is Siegfried Morenz, Egyptian Religion, translated by Ann Keep (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1976).
Ancient Civilizations of Africa

(General History of Africa, Vol. 2)

by G. Mokhtar

Published: 1990

Volume II covers the period beginning at the close of the Neolithic era, from around the eighth millennium before our era. This period of some nine thousand years of history has been sub-divided into four major geograophical zones, following the pattern of African historical research. Chapter 1 to 12 cover the corridor of the Nile, Egypt and Nubia. Chapters 13 to 16 relate to the Ethiopian highlands. Chapter 17 to 20 describe the part of Africa later called the Maghrib and its Saharan hinterland, and Chapters 21 to 20, the rest of Africa as well as some of the islands in the Indian Ocean.

By far the largest proportion of Volume II is devoted to the ancient civilization of Egypt because of its pre-eminent place in the early history of Africa.
Lost Cities of Africa

by Basil Davidson (Author)

Book Description:

Combining archeological evidence and scholarly research, Davidson traces the exciting development of the rich kingdoms of the lost cities of Africa, fifteen hundred years before European ships first came to African shores.

Historical Deception: The Untold Story of Ancient Egypt

by Moustafa Gadalla

Historical Deception: The Untold Story Of Ancient Egypt provides a fresh, exciting and reader-friendly study of ancient Egyptian history — a history which has suffered from the ingrained prejudices of religious scholars (Christian, Jewish, Moslem) who deny that Egypt is the source of their creeds (especially monotheism); and rationalist scholars denying the existence of science and philosophy prior to the Greeks. Historical Deception is a much needed correction to a great deal of historical distortion, suppression and denial. Historical Deception is a lively, engaging, stimulating, provocative reading, easy to read and difficult to put down.

Readers comment:

This text presents soundly based historical information that is well-researched and clearly understandable relating to the chronology of biblical events and participants. Citing sources such as the Koran, the Torah, the Talmud, the Hebrew Massoretic text of the Old Testament, and the Greek Septuagint text of the Old Testament, along with a multitude of references to more modern historical works, the author provides a realistic and reasonable explanation for many biblical puzzles and apparent inconsistencies.
The Golden Age of the Moor (Journal of African Civilizations,

Vol 11, Fall 1991)

by Ivan Van Sertima (Editor)

Excerpts:

Who are these Moors? The Moors are black people indigenous to Mauretania. “Mr. Chandler tells us of a different race of Moors who were known as Garamantes/Caucasians, they intermarried with the Black Moors, thus became the ‘tawny Moors’ or ‘white Moors’.”

According to Anthropologist, Dana Reynolds, the original Black Berbers, who were called Moors, were the North African ancestors of the present day dark-brown and dark-black peoples of the Sahara and the Sahel, mainly those called Fulani, Tuareg, Zenagha of Southern Morocco, Kunta and Tebbu of the Sahel countries as well as other black Arabs now living in Mauretania and throughout the Sahel, they include Trarza of Mauretania and Senegal, the Mogharba as well as dozens of other Sudanese tribes, the Chaamba of Chad and Algeria. Apart from her very detailed study of the origins and affiliations of the various tribes, she points out that the Africans involved in the Moorish occupation of Iberia did not just build remarkable things in Europe but also in their native lands. They founded and constructed many industrious and prosperous towns all over the north of Africa and as far south as Timbuktu. The ruins of their many castles can be seen as much in Northern Africa as in Andalusia.

The Westerners have chosen to concentrate on the most recent world of the Arab and Berber-speaking peoples and present it as if it is a world that has always been. “It is like comparing the Aztecs of five hundred years ago with the ethnic mix of America today,” wrote Reynolds. “The story of when North Africa was Moorish and Arabia, the land of Saracens, has yet to be told.”
Oromia: An Introduction to the History of the Oromo People

by Gadaa Melbaa

Book Description:

An account of the struggle of the Oromo people to affirm their place in history. The Oromo make up a significant portion of the Horn of Africa population. Oromia is a title used to refer to the Oromo as a political, cultural, and social entity. Living in East African nations, the Oromo people are largely unknown to most of the world; this work lifts up the people, their culture, and their struggles.

Within the book by Petrie, A History of Egypt (1896) he mentions a group of people in ancient Egypt by the name of Galla also called Oromo. Petrie wrote: “It has long been ago been remarked that the black sphinxes, later appropriated by the Hyksos, approximated to the Galla type of Abyssinia”.

“This starts an enquiry how the Galla connection could thus appear on monuments. In the clearance and planning of the rock tombs at Qau, Antaeopolis, the peculiar plan of those tombs, with great halls and small chambers annexed, was observed to be closely parallel to that of later Nubian temples. In both tomb and temple the chief work is in the solid rock, while the forecourt is of masonry constructed in front of it. Another peculiarity was the hammer-work excavation of one tomb, which had evidently been done with stone balls, as in the Aswan granite working, and this implies a southern connection. These people do not appear in any records, and all their monuments have been reappropriated. They left, however, a most striking style of sculpture, in the sphinxes which were later removed to Tanis, but seem originally to have come from El Kab, where a piece of such a sphinx has been found.The type is closely like that of the Galla. The evidence that all the earlier sculptures of Tanis were collected there by Ramessu II seems clear; and that these sphinxes are earlier than the Hyksos is certain by those kings having appropriated them. No period seems so likely for them as the 7th to the 10th dynasties. The type was heavily bearded, with bushy hair”. Petrie, 1896
Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century

(General History of Africa, Vol. 3)

by I. Hrbek

Published: 1992

The period covered in Volume III is dominated by two movements of major and lating significance in the history of Africa. The influence of Islam was increasing in the north and west; it was interacting with traditional African culture. In the south there was the Bantu expansion.

The book first places Africa in the context of world history at the opening of the seventh century, before examining the general impact of Islamic penetration, the continuing expansion of the Bantu-speaking peoples, and the growth of civilizations in the Sudanic zones of West Africa.

Detailed chapters discussing the successive Islamic dynasties of North Africa and their wider contacts, Christian Nubia, the civilizations of the savannas, forests and coast of West Africa, the Horn of Africa, and Madagascar’s internal development and international contacts.

Three concluding chapters trace the African diaspora in Asia, examine international relations and the spread of technology and ideas within Africa, and assess the overall impact of the period on African history.
The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) at its 16th Session instructed the Director-General to undertake the drafting of a General History of Africa. The enormous task of implementing the project was entrusted to an International Scientific Committee which was established by the Executive Board in 1970. The Committee has decided to present the work covering over three million years of African history in eight volumes, each containing about four hundred pages of text with illustrations, photographs, maps and line drawings. The General History of Africa also clearly brings out Africa’s relations with southern Asia across the Indian Ocean and the African contributions to other civilizations through mutual exchanges.

The General History of Africa is, in large measure, a faithful reflection of the way in which African authors view their own civilization. With the appointment of the 39-member International Scientific Committee, two-thirds African and one-third non-African, which assumes intellectual responsibility for the General History of Africa.
“One of the most ambitious academic projects to be undertaken in this century.”
Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s

(General History of Africa, Vol. 4)

by J. F. Ade Ajayi

Published: 1998

Volume VI covers the history of Africa from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the onset of the European “scramble” for colonial territory in the 1880s.

In spite of a growing European commercial, religious and political presence during the century, outside influences were felt indirectly by most African societies, and they made a variety of culturally distinctive attempts to modernize, expand and develop. Two influential sequences of events – the Mfecane in Southern Africa with its ramifications in Central and East Africa, and the movements of Muslim reformers in West Africa – owed little or nothing to foreign influence and figures prominently in eight of the chapters.

The book opens with four thematic chapters examining the major forces at work in African society at the beginning of the century; Africa’s changing role in the world-economy; new trends and processes; and the effects of the abolition of the slave trade. These are followed by twenty-three chapters detailing developments in the various regions. Two concluding chapters trace the African diaspora and assess the state of the Continent’s political, economic and cultural development on the eve of the European conquest.
Daily Life of the Nubians

by Robert Steven Bianchi

Published: 2004

Description:

Until recently little was known about ancient Nubia and day-to-day lives of the Nubian people aside from knowing it was a civilization contemporary with, distinct from, and living under the shadow of Ancient Egypt. Nubia existed from about 3500-300 BCE, close to 3,000 years. Thanks to recent massive archeological surveys, we now have a much clearer picture of Nubian civilization, what they ate, how they dressed, how they cared for their dead, their military triumphs and defeats, where their cities were built, and what they looked like. Of course they underwent dramatic changes over time, and these are noted where appropriate. Though often confused with the Ethiopians of Greek lore, little doubt remains that Nubians were in fact black African peoples, and their civilization has been claimed by many as proof of a sophisticated and ancient black African society.

For ease of use by students, the work is organized chronologically. Each chapter is divided into convenient subheads that detail military and warfare, government, language, relations with neighboring civilizations; work and the economy, engineering and architecture, housing, transportation, family life, life cycle events, women’s roles, art, music and dance, literature, science, and religion. It includes a historical timeline of Nubian history, a glossary of Nubian terms, and a bibliography for further reading. Throughout the work, Bianchi, an expert on the Nubians, shows how the modern world has little by little come to discover and recognize the distinctiveness and importance of Nubia in ancient history. This work will replace all earlier resources on Nubian life and will provide school and public librarians with the most up-to-date and historically correct information on the Nubians.
Greater Ethiopia : The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society

by Donald N. Levine

Published: 2000

Editorial Reviews:

Greater Ethiopia combines history, anthropology, and sociology to answer two major questions. Why did Ethiopia remain independent under the onslaught of European expansionism while other African political entities were colonized? And why must Ethiopia be considered a single cultural region despite its political, religious, and linguistic diversity?

Donald Levine’s interdisciplinary study makes a substantial contribution both to Ethiopian interpretive history and to sociological analysis. In his new preface, Levine examines Ethiopia since the overthrow of the monarchy in the 1970s.

“Ethiopian scholarship is in Professor Levine’s debt. . . . He has performed an important task with panache, urbanity, and learning.”–Edward Ullendorff, Times Literary Supplement

“Upon rereading this book, it strikes the reader how broad in scope, how innovative in approach, and how stimulating in arguments this book was when it came out. . . . In the past twenty years it has inspired anthropological and historical research, stimulated theoretical debate about Ethiopia’s cultural and historical development, and given the impetus to modern political thinking about the complexities and challenges of Ethiopia as a country. The text thus easily remains an absolute must for any Ethiopianist scholar to read and digest.”-J. Abbink, Journal of Modern African Studies

Culture and Customs of Egypt (Culture and Customs of Africa)

by Molefi K. Asante

Book Description:

Modern Egypt blends African history and geography with Arab culture and religion. With its position at the crossroads of Africa, its status as a major Islamic nation, and continuing interest in its ancient monuments, Egypt makes for fascinating study. This volume provides an accessible, up-to-date overview of a society that greatly evolved, yet retains traces of attitudes and behaviors from the days of the Pharaohs.

About the Author:

Molefi Kete Asante is Professor, Department of African American Studies, Temple University. He is the author of more than 50 books, including The Egyptian Philosophers (2000).

Upper Egypt: Life Along the Nile

by Nicholas S. Hopkins (Editor)

Book Description:

Upper Egypt. Life along the Nile describes life in the southern part of Egypt in the twentieth century. The book represents some of the most recent social and cultural research in the area, and it focuses on aspects of Egypt that tend to disappear in the background of the attractions that tourists see. The authors have done field research in Upper Egypt. This is one of the few recent books contributing to our understanding of this neglected region, which is based on first hand knowledge of local conditions. The book contains articles on agriculture and irrigation, language, religious life among Muslims and Christians, Sufism, customary law, crafts and craftsmen, and tribalism.

Book has lots of photos of modern Egyptians.
Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile

Excellent coffee table book: 12.5 x 9.4 x 1.4 inches; Sudan possesses, among other things,

223 pyramids. This book has 400 pages of color photos of Nubian Kings & Queens, and their artifacts and treasures. Nubian photos you will not find on the internet.

Contents: The Prehistory of Sudan; 6,000 years ago; A-Group and Pre-Kerma; The First Kingdoms;

C-Group; The Kingdom of Kerma; Egypt in Sudan; The Image of the Nubian in Egyptian Art; Napata and the Kushite Dynasty; Kings of the Sacred Mountain; Napata and the Kushite Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt; The Kingdom of Napata and Meroe; The Kingdom of Meroe; Meroitic Writing and Language; The Meroitic Pantheon; Meroitic Treasure; Meroitic Ceramics; Meroe and Hellenism;

Late Meroitic Culture; Meroitic Architecture

Authors: Salah Mohamed Ahmed; Charles Bonnet; Fredrich Hinkel; Hassan Hussein Idris; Timothy Kendall; Lech Krzyzaniak; Jean Leclant; Karl-Heinz Priese; Jacques Reinold; Dietrich Wildung
Early Art and Architecture of Africa (Oxford History of Art)

by Peter Garlake

“There is nothing else like it. A sure guide to the Africa of ancient marvels and scenes of confrontation in times and places long forgotten or unknown.” Basil Davidson

This new history of over 5000 years of African art reveals its true diversity for the first time. Challenging centuries of misconceptions that have obscured the sophisticated nature of African art, Peter Garlake uses the latest research and archaeological findings to offer exciting new insights into the period between 20,000 BC and 1500 AD. All the main regions are covered: southern Africa, Nubia, Aksum, the Niger River, West Africa, Great Zimbabwe, and the East African coast.

Acknowledging the universal allure of the African art object, this book restores it to its original social and historical context, helping us to understand more about the ways in which this art was produced, used, and received.

• 112 illustrations with 64 in full colour

• Invaluable guides to museums, galleries, and websites
The Nubian Past: An Archaeology of the Sudan

by David N. Edwards

348 pages

Routledge (October 30, 2004)

In this book David Edwards, a distinguished specialist in Sudanese archaeology, provides the readers with a very useful and exhaustive outline of the history of the Sudan during the Holocene (from c. 10,000 BC to the present), mainly on the basis of the archaeological evidence which has been brought to light in the last thirty years.

The book is divided into nine chapters about the following topics: Nubia, the Sudan and

Sudanic Africa; Hunters, fishers and gatherers (c. 10,000–5000 BC); The Neolithic (c. 5000–3000 BC);

Kerma and Bronze Age Kush; The Kushite Revival (XXV Dynasty and kingdom of Napata);

Meroitic Kush (c. 300 BC–AD 350); Post-Meroitic transitions (c. AD 350–550); Medieval Nubia

(c. AD 500–1500); and Post-medieval Sudan and Islam (c. AD 1500–1900).

The Rescue of Jerusalem: The Alliance Between Hebrews

and Africans in 701 B.C.

(Paperback – 444 pages – Soho Press (April 1, 2003)

by Henry T. Aubin

From Library Journal:

Aubin argues that the Kushite rescue of Jerusalem from certain annihilation in 701 B.C.E. instigated the Jewish concept of being God’s “elect” and was therefore a seminal event in the development of Zionism. Dealing competently with the biblical and historical sources despite what some might see as a lack of formal training in this area (he is a journalist instead of a historian, though he did do graduate work in history at the University of Strasbourg), Aubin asserts that the Kushites black Africans who ruled Egypt at this time saved the city from destruction by the Assyrians. According to Aubin, historians accepted this view until the late 19th century, when colonialism impinged on the European perception of these events; suddenly, the theory that an epidemic weakened the Assyrian army rose to prominence. Aubin asserts that this was one of the most important battles in history; had the Assyrians wiped out Jerusalem, there would have been no Christianity or Islam. Whether or not one accepts his conclusions, this work is a wonderful exercise in historiography. Recommended for all academic libraries. Clay Williams, Hunter College Library, City University New York
The Nubian Pharaohs: Black Kings on the Nile

by Dominique Valbelle & Charles Bonnet

Product Details:

Hardcover; 216 pages

Published: February 2007

Description:

In 2003, a Swiss archaeological team working in northern Sudan uncovered one of the most remarkable Egyptological finds in recent years. At the site known as Kerma, near the third cataract of the Nile, archaeologist Charles Bonnet and his team discovered a ditch within a temple from the ancient city of Pnoubs, which contained seven monumental black granite statues. Magnificently sculpted, and in an excellent state of preservation, they portrayed five pharaonic rulers, including Taharqa and Tanoutamon, the last two pharaohs of the ‘Nubian’ Dynasty, when Egypt was ruled by kings from the lands of modern-day Sudan. For over half a century, the Nubian pharaohs governed a combined kingdom of Egypt and Nubia, with an empire stretching from the Delta to the upper reaches of the Nile.

The seven statues, with their exquisite workmanship, transform our understanding of the art of this period. In particular, the colossal statue of Taharqa–almost certainly done by an Egyptian sculptor–is a masterpiece of stone artwork. Beautifully illustrated with over 170 color photographs, The Nubian Pharaohs illuminates the epic history of this little-known historical era, when the pharaohs of Egypt came from Sudan. In this major new book, which combines the latest archaeological research with stunning photography, Charles Bonnet and Dominique Valbelle narrate the incredible story of their discovery–one that will change our understanding of Egypt and Africa in the ancient world.
Genesis of the Pharaohs

by Toby Wilkinson

Product Details: 208 pages; (2003)

Peer Review Excerpt:

Genesis of the Pharaohs: Genesis of the ‘Ka’ and Crowns?

by Timothy Kendall, Archaeologist

In his Genesis of the Pharaohs, Toby Wilkinson shines new light on the Predynastic by demonstrating that the majority of rock drawings in the Eastern Desert of Upper Egypt date to Naqada I (c. 4000–3500 BC). Since the petroglyphs depict wild African fauna, hunters with bows and dogs, and men herding cattle, it is clear that the now nearly lifeless region up to 100 km east of the Nile between Quft and Hierakonpolis was at this time a well-watered, well-populated, game-rich savanna. That the rock artists were not mere isolated pastoralists but also part-time Nile dwellers is evident because their works commonly include boats. This implies that the artists probably moved from river to range in seasonal cycles. Because of this, and the fact that so many of the drawings echo subjects in later Egyptian art, Wilkinson makes a compelling case that the rock artists were the ancestors of the dynastic Egyptians. His conclusion: “the heavy reliance of these people on herding and hunting rather than agriculture suggests that their roots — and indeed the roots of Egyptian civilization — lay not so much along the Nile but in the pre-arid Sahara.”
Learn to read hieroglyphics

Egyptian Language Easy Lessons in Egyptian Hieroglyphics

by E. A. Wallis Budge (The father of Egyptology)

This remains the classic introductory volumn for beginners.

also purchase:

Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Vols 1 & 2 by E. A. Wallis Budge

This should be on every students shelf.

King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba

by Blu Greenberg, Linda Tarry, Avi Katz (Illustrator)

Reading level: Ages 4-8

Reviewer:

I picked up this book at the library as reading material for my 17-month-old son. He (and I) loved the illustrations. I appreciated it being a real Bible story, and a history lesson–marvelously illustrated in 48 pages; but this books goes where most authors and illustrators don’t. You won’t see this version of the story in movie theatres. I did additional research to verify the accuracy of its’ contents and I discoverd everything to be valid. This book should be read by all African-American children (and adults). They won’t read about their kings and queens in textbooks as others are portrayed–which is a dis-service to their culture. I purchased three copies for myself and will be purchasing more as gifts.

Sudan Ancient Treasures: An Exhibition Of Recent Discoveries

From The Sudan National Museum

by Derek A. Welsby (Editor), Julie R. Anderson (Editor)

Published: 2004

Hardcover: 336 pages; Over 300 color photos of artifacts

Description:

A comprehensive survey of Sudanese ancient cultures, the history of archaeology in Sudan, current work and recent trends. The Sudan is the largest country in Africa. For millennia it has been the zone of contact between the peoples of Central Africa and those emanating from the Mediterranean world. The National Museum in Khartoum houses one of the finest collections of antiquities from the Nile Valley and is of international importance; however, the vast quantity of material is in store and has rarely if ever been seen by the public. This exhibition will seek to display some of the finest objects produced during all phases of human settlement from the Palaeolithic through to the Islamic period.
Ancient African Metallurgy: The Sociocultural Context

by Michael S. Bisson, S. Terry Childs, Philip De Barros, Augustin F. C. Holl, and

Joseph O. Vogel (Foreword, Editor)

Book Description:

Gold. Copper. Iron. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both public lore and extensive archaeological investigation. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: Where how and when was metal first introduced to the continent? How were iron and copper tools, implements, and objects used in everyday life, in trade, in political and cultural contexts? What role did metal objects play in the ideological systems of precolonial African peoples? Substantive chapters address the origins of metal working and the technology and the various uses and meanings of copper and iron. An ethnoarchaeological account in the words of a contemporary iron worker enriches the archaeological explanations. This book provides a comprehensive, timely summary of our current knowledge. This volume will be of great value to scholars and students of archaeology, African history, and the history of technology.


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