Archive for the ‘THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS WERE BLACK!’ Category


April 9, 2007


Ancient Egyptians wrote the Holy Bible
Posted: June 19, 2002
An analysis by
Dr. Kwame Nantambu

“And ye Shall know the Truth and the Truth Shall Make You Free.” Holy Bible, John 8:32.

According to Ghanian writer and researcher Nana Banchie Darkwah, “Black Afrikans of ancient Egypt wrote the Holy Bible and the Catholic Church is hiding and supressing this truth.”

In his book titled, The Africans who wrote the Bible-Ancient secrets Africa and Christianity Have Never Told, (2002), the author emphatically states that, “the worst lie and sin of the church was the premeditated transformation of the racial and ethnic identities of Jesus Christ, his mother and the entire people of the Bible from the Black people they were to White people, to satisfy emerging European racist sentiments against Black people.”

First of all, for one to understand the truth of the above statement and accept it as a fact, that Black Afrikans of Ancient Egypt wrote the Holy Bible, thus, one must dispel the erroneous notion and fabricated lies that Christian Europe, particularly the Roman Catholic Church, have done in painting the ancient Egyptians as pagans, devils, and heathens.

Also, one must understand that Christian Europe’s and the Catholic Church’s motives for attacking Ancient Egypt in such negative vein, is due to the fact that Ancient Egyptian High priests were the Scribes who wrote what we come to know today as the Holy Bible. As a master-teacher H.M. Maulana points out: “Ancient Egypt from its pre-dynastic period up to its Golden Age of Pyramid building was an unadulterated predominantly Black race of people (3500-2100 B.C.E.).

The descendants of these Ancient Egyptians are living throughout Sub-Saharan Afrika, today, particularly in the nations of Ghana, Nigeria, and Cote d’Ivoire.” The very first “Bible”, or “Scroll” on record produced by man, with regards to paying honour and divine respect to a “Creator of all Mankind” was that of the Afrikan people of the Nile Valley in Ancient Kemet (Egypt) and Great Lakes regions of Central, East, and Northern Afrika.

The book was called by its Afrikan Creators and developers, The Book of the Coming Forth by Day and Night. It was translated from its original Medu Netcher text into the English language by several Europeans since the latter part of the 19th century A.D. The easiest one to read is called, The Egyptian Book of the Dead. This work was translated by British Egyptologist, Sir Ernest A. Wallis Budge. This original Bible was produced by Black Afrikans approximately 3,400 years before the Old Testament and more than 4,200 years before the New Testament, and countless versions of it have been written and published. According to Darkwah, the “Ancient Egyptians cross is the earliest and most sacred symbol of religion.

Egyptologists who believe they have successfully deciphered Ancient Egyptian Medu Netcher say it is called the Ankh, which means ‘Life’.” The meaning is correct, however, that is not what the Ancient Egyptians called it. The language from which this word originated is Akan and it actually means Life. This symbol was the Ancient Egyptians’ sacred religious symbol that reinforced the cross on which Jesus was crucified,as a sacred Christian symbol. How did this happen?

The early Christian Church of Ancient Egypt adopted the Nkwa symbol as the symbol of their Church and called it Crux Ansata. From here, it was taken to Rome and there it became a Christian symbol with only a slight variation in design. The symbol of Nwka was excavated from the tomb of the Akan King Tutu Ankoma, the boy King of Ancient Egypt, whose name Europeans have corrupted to Tutankhamun or King Tut.

He ruled from 1336-1327B.C.E. Nana Darkwah suggests that the intelligentsia of Ancient Egypt was headed by such ethnic groups as the Akan, Ewe, Ga-Andangbe, Hausa, and Ibo. However, he asserts that the Akan was the main ruling class in Ancient Egypt sincethe majority of Ancient Egyptian Kings had Akan names. He also asserts that, “the early apostolic fathers of Christianity and the Church knew of many things they did not want the Christian masses to know about the background history, content, and people of the Bible.”

As a result, the very design of Christianity was based upon protecting the Holy Bible from the lay masses. Until the reformation in the 15th century A.D., therefore, the Holy Bible was secretly guarded and its content was known to only a few in the Church. Because of the perceived need to protect the Holy Bible from the masses, the earliest design and practice of Christianity was based upon placing a cadre of priests between the Holy Bible and the people.

The Afrikan origin of Christianity was common knowledge among western scholars and early apolistic fathers of the Church long before the European Renaissance. This was common knowledge known by the Aryan-Whites in the past and is still known, today.

There have been numerous European scholars who have known and written about the falsehoods, fabrications, and false assumptions in the foundations of Christianity. One such European-American researcher and writer was Gerald Massey, who in his book titled The Natural Genesis: A Book of the Beginnings(1883), called the story and practice of Euro-Christianity: “the legendary lying love.” Moreover, in The Aryan Myth: A History of Racist and Nationalistic Ideasin Europe, Leon Poliakov revealed that, “knowledge of the people of the Bible as Black people was common in Europe and in early European scholarship. “James Cowles, by far the most popular anthropologists of the first half of the19th century, elaborated around 1810 implying that “Adam and Eve were Black.” And in 1836 a renowned British orientalist, Sir Godfrey Higgins, wrote, The Anaclypsis. Or an inquiry into the Origin of Languages, Nations, and Religions.

He pointed out that the people of the Bible were Black and that in all early Catholic Churches of Europe: “the God Christ, as well as His mother, are described in their old pictures to be Black (peoples). The infant God in the arms of His Black mother, his eyes and drapery white, is himself perfectly Black.” In 1875, Kersey Graves wrote a book titled The World’s Sixteen Crucified Saviors” in which he pointed out from clear evidence in Europe that” Jesus was Black and the people of the Bible were originally Black people.”

He wrote as follows: There is as much evidence that the Christian Savior was a Black man, or at least a dark man, as there is of him being the son of the Virgin Mary or that he once lived or moved upon the earth. And that evidence is the testimony of his disciples, who had nearly as good an opportunity of knowing what His complexion was as the evangelists who omit to say anything about it. In the pictures and portraits of Christ by early Christians, He is uniformly represented as being Black.” Furthermore, he continues: “The statue of St. Peter inside St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, Italy is a Black man. St. Peter was a Black man.

Thus, Jesus’ last words before His execution was that a Black man has the keys to Heaven.” According to H.M. Maulana, the aristocracy of Europe has always shown their hatred against the so-called Jewish people, since it was well known in their socio-political and economic circles that these people were of a Black Afrikan origin, who migrated out of Ancient Egypt up into Europe. Due to the negative anthropological ideas and theories of early European scholars against Black Afrikans, thus, the knowledge and reality that theosophy and philosophy, has surely been a major source of social-political embarrassment for Europeans.

The fact of the matter is that the racist and extremist European has always seen the so-called Jewish people with suspicion and contempt vis-à-vis their same contempt and ill-feelings they had towards Sub-Saharan Afrikans. That is to say, historically, the Europeans had no genesis of religion to claim as their own other than what came up “out of Afrika”, Christianity, which was brought to them by the so-called Jews. This fact has left the European (Aryan-Whites) with bitterness, enmity, and jealousy against the so-called Jewish people and Afrikans.

Also, this fermented ill-feelings among Europeans that the so-called Jewish people had deliberately deceived them so that the Jews would dominate Europe. According to Darkwah: “This is also the reason no credible reason has been given for the most atrocious massacre of Blacks and Jews in human history.” In the final analysis, Afrikan people must know that the “Aryan-White (European) tradition, Apolistic fathers of the Church, theosophical teachings and writings, as well as the Arabs, have all laboured over the past 500years, trying to disconnect Black Afrikans from Ancient Egypt, in order to hide the true identity of the original authors of the Bible and the origin from whence the Bible originated, which was Ancient Egypt.”

In essence, then, and in the tradition of European supremacy, “what the Aryan-White race has attempted to do by high-jacking Ancient Egypt is as follows: Kill the Messenger (Black Ancient Egyptians), but save and embrace the ‘Message’ of the messenger for themselves”-that is, the Holy Bible. The main purpose of European scholarship supremacy is “to destroy the Black Afrikan genesis of Ancient Egypt and give the world a counterfeit analysis of this great civilization as being a creation of the Aryan-White race.”

However, the late Dr. Chekh Anta Diop (the modern-day Imhotep), capsulises the dire attempt by the Aryan-White race to “white-wash” Ancient Egypt as follows: “Mankind trying to destroy the Black Afrikan genesis of Ancient Egypt is like trying to drown a fish in the ocean.”

Shem Hotep (“I go in peace”).

Dr. Nantambu is an Associate Professor, Dept. of Pan-African Studies, Kent State University, U.S.A.

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April 9, 2007




Black Hebrews?
The very words cause many people to grin at what appears to be simply a play on words. No one reads about such people in european authored history books and there are only a few references to “Ethiopian Jews” in white Jewish sources. Yet Black Hebrews have existed since biblical times. In fact, they are the original or proto-typical Hebrews.

Their story begins with the Patriarch Abraham (2117-1942 B.C.), a native of the Sumerian city of Ur in ancient Mesopotamia. Archaeological discoveries have proven that the earliest inhabitants of southern Mesopotamia were members of the “Brown Race,” i.e., the Negroid branch of humanity.

It has been confirmed that the ancient Sumerians were akin to the modern Black Dravidians of India. The Sumerians also had an affinity with a people known as the Elamites, the very first Semitic group mentioned in the Bible (Gen. 10:22). The Elamites were a black-skinned and woolly-haired people as the colorful glazed artwork on the royal palace walls of the ancient Persian city of Susa clearly show.Thus Abraham, the native of Sumerian and the founding father of the Israelite nation, was a black man. The black racial origins of the Patriarchs is not based on mere conjecture, it is in complete agreement with the picture one gets from examining the identity of the earliest inhabitants of southern Mesopotamia.

This truth is grossly neglected, suppressed, and distorted in most European and American historical texts which are flavored with race prejudice. Fortunately, however, there are enough well authored and highly researched works by Black historians that challenge the Eurocentric revisions of history and correct the various erroneous views regarding the ethnic identity of the Hebrews.

Biblical history relates that the descendants of Abraham, namely Jacob (Israel) and his twelve sons and their wives, 70 in all, migrated from Canaan to Egypt around the year 1827 B.C. During their sojourn in Egypt the Children of Israel multiplied from being a family of 70 souls to a nation of over 3 million people at the time of the Exodus which took place in 1612 B.C.

This astounding number of people in so short a time can only be adequately explained by intermarriage between the family of Jacob and the native Egyptian populace. It is an established fact that the ancient Egyptians were a black African people. Thus, even if the Hebrews were not black before they arrived in Egypt, which is unlikely given Abraham’s background, they were definitely black by the time they left Egypt under Moses

The biblical Hebrews were indistinguishable from native Egyptians and Ethiopians. The Bible is full of examples which demonstrates this, and even ancient secular historians remarked of the physical appearances of the Hebrews. The historian Tacitus, for example, stated that it was a common opinion among the Romans that the Jews “were an Ethiopian race.” In Roman times PalestinianIsraelites were classed among Black Africans because it was almost impossible to tell them apart.

Hence, the Eurocentric notion of the Black Hebrew as a kind of Johnnie-come-lately in Hebraic history does not accord with the facts. On the contrary, the historical record is abundantly clear that the majority of white European Jewry are not Hebrews in the biological sense but are actually the descendants of converts to Judaism during Greco-Roman and Mediaeval times. Professor Roland B. Dixon states emphatically that: “The great majority of all Jews [Ashkenazi] to-day are ‘Semites’ only in speech, and their true ancestry goes back not so much to Palestine and Arabia as to the uplands of Anatolia and Armenia, the Caucasus and the steppes of Central Asia, and their nearest relatives are still to be found in these areas to-day” (Racial History Of Man, p. 175).

Caucasian Jews are not the lineal descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Nor do they constitute a separate race but rather a religious fraternity which adheres to the ethnic tradition of a people whose origins are inextricably linked to Black Africa.

But if the original Hebrews were black where are their descendants in the world today? Are all black people Hebrews? The answer to the latter question is obviously no. The Israelites were only one of several black people existing in ancient the ancient world. Nevertheless, it is certain that the ancient Hebrews customs and practices who’s legacy orginated in Africa, were adopted by that of white Jews in Europe. Very little is heard about the hundreds of thousands of Black Hebrews living in various parts of the world such as Africa, Asia, India, Arabia, the Caribbean islands, South America, and North America.

The history of Black Hebrews in North America is perhaps one of the most important chapters in US history which has yet to be fully written. The ancestors of African Americans came from West Africa during the era of slavery. That particular region of Africa was once home to a number of Black Hebrew tribes that migrated from North and East Africa over many centuries. In speaking of these migrations, Dr. Yoseph A. A. ben-Yochannan writes that: “In North Africa, just before the period of Christianity’s legal entry into Rome – due to Constantine “the Great” conversion in the 4th century – there were many Hebrew (Jewish) ‘tribes’ that are of indigenous African (the so-called ‘Negroes’) origin.

These African Jews, as all other Romanized-African of this era, were caught in a rebellion in Cyrene (Cyrenaica) during 115 C.E. against Roman imperialism and colonialism. This rebellion also marked the beginning of a mass Jewish migration southward into Soudan (Sudan or West Africa) along the way of the city Aer (Air) and into the countries of Futa Jalon and Senegal (Sene-Gambia) which lie below the parabolic curve of the Niger River’s most northern reaches, where the City of Tumbut (Timbuktu, Timbuctoo, etc.), Melle (Mali) presently stands.” (“African Origins of the Major Western Religions,” 1970, p. 76).

Dr. Ben goes on to relate that Black Israelite immigrants from northern and eastern Africa merged with indigenous groups in western Africa to become the Fulani of Futa Jalon, Bornu, Kamen, and Lake Chad. They also formed the parent-stock of groups such as the Ashanti, the Hausa, the B’nai Ephraim (mentioned in earlier posts), and the Bavumbu (Mavumbu or Ma-yomba). All of these groups suffered tremendous population decreases during the years the Atlantic slave trade was in operation, others were completely eliminated.

Thus, every so-called African American has Israelite ancestry in their family tree whether he or she knows it or not. Even in the very crucible of slavery the descendants of West African Hebrew captives in America struggled to keep their heritages from being obliterated by forced assimilation and acculturation. Their distinctive traditions became submerged in Christianity but always remained a part of the oral tradition via the so-called Negro Spirituals which praise the memory of ancestors and kinsmen like Moses, David, Joshua, and Daniel.

Since the African-American conviction of having Israelite ancestry antedates the Civil War it is not surprising that the earliest Black Hebrew congregation to be established in North America was founded in the 1880s in Chattanooga, Tennessee by F. S. Cherry (the group later moved to Philadelphia). Cherry was a railroad worker and seaman who was fluent in both Yiddish and Hebrew. He adamantly preached that so-called American Negroes are really the lost sheep of the House of Israel whose true legacy was stolen from them during slavery. He urged his hearers to investigate their history in order to rediscover this truth and reclaim their heritage.

In 1896, a man by the name of William S. Crowdy established another Hebrew congregation in Lawrence, Kansas. In 1899, Leon Richlieu established the Moorish Zionist Temple in Brooklyn. To date there are literally hundreds of uncharted Black Hebrew congregations in North America. They do not exist because of an aversion for mainstream American Protestantism or an attraction to white Jewish culture. As stated earlier, Black Hebrews have always been in the world; and they repudiate the notion that they are usurpers of the heritage of white Jews.

The great proliferation of Black Hebrew groups occurred after World War I during the Great Migration of Blacks from rural areas in the South to urban centers in the North. There were at least nine Black Hebrew congregations in New York in the early 1900s, one of which was founded by a West Indian named Arnold Josiah Ford called “Beth B’nai Abraham Congregation.” In 1918, another West Indian born Israelite named Wentworth Arthur Matthews founded the “Commandment Keepers,” and emerged as one of the leading Black Israelite rabbis in Harlem. Born in 1892 of African Hebraic parentage in Lagos, West Africa, Matthews moved with his family to St. Kitts in the West Indies before coming to America in 1911.

Branches of the “Commandment Keepers” exist in many American cities such as Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Cincinnati, Chicago, Ohio, Virginia, and New Jersey. In 1965, the “House of Judah” was founded by William Lewis in Wetumpka, Alabama. The group later purchased a twenty-acre tract near Grand Junction, Michigan where they practice a communal life-style. Black Hebrews feel that by reclaiming their Israelite identity they have also recovered an important part of their ancestral heritage. They hold to the conviction that their “Hebrewness” is directly traceable to their African forebears of Israelite extraction who were brought to this country during slavery. They are cognizant and proud of their non-Hebrew African heritages but like many other people with mixed backgrounds they opt to give certain of their forebears a more pronounced place in their identity.

Black Israelite groups in America are decentralized and varied in ideology.Unlike white Orthodox Jews, Black Hebrews reject the Talmud, a collection of commentaries, as being on a par with the Bible and so they do not conform to rabbinical judgments which emphasize the need of conversion to Talmudism in order to be considered “truly” Jewish.

Since the Bible recognizes patrilineal as well as matrilineal descent, Black Hebrews (like Reform Jews) do not place any special significance on having a “Jewish” mother as do Orthodox Jews. Another major reason why the Talmud is rejected is due to its role in creating the so-called Hamitic Myth which is the doctrine that teaches that all black-skinned people are the cursed descendants of Ham in the Bible.

It was the promulgation of this erroneous myth, passing under the guise of “Jewish” talmudic scholarship, which provided the moral pretext for European slavery of Africans. The Talmud was not the product of ethnic Hebrews but of proselytized Babylonian sages who worked on editing it from the 3rd to in the 6th century A.D. It should not be used as the litmus test on Hebrew identity, particularly since it was of men who were clearly prejudice of Blacks, Israelites or otherwise.

A major dilemma facing many Black Hebrews who wish to settle in Israel has to do with the Talmud and the fact that conversion is a mandatory prerequisite for gaining Israeli citizenship. The Black Jews from Ethiopian were not allowed to immigrate to Israel until they agreed to undergo a ceremonial conversion to white Judaism (which was tantamount to a denial of their own Hebrewness) and embrace the Talmud. However, many Ethiopian Jews, particular in the aftermath of the recent blood scandal in Israel, are seriously rethinking their decision to adopt the Talmud because it has not given them equal status with other white Israelis.

Ethiopians Jews occupy the bottom rung of Israeli society today because they are black and are not considered “true” Hebrews because of their blackness. American Black Hebrews wanting to join their Ethiopian brethren feel that the Israeli Law of Return is unjust because it forces recognition of a racist text (the Talmud) in order to be considered eligible for citizenship It is truly ironic that the descendants of the original Hebrews are not considered to be Hebrews even in their own land because they happen to look like their distant forebears.

MAY 1999



April 5, 2007




Professor Molefi Kete Asante
Temple University
I am pleased that you have come to hear my lecture tonight and I want to thank the organizers of this event for their diligence and generosity. In particular I would like to publicly thank Dr. Kofi Anyidiho, and Executive Director Moore, the staff and the Board of the DuBois Center for making this occasion possible. I give praise to Nyame, Asase Yaa, and the Nananom nsamanfo for whatever clarity I am able to share with you.

I shall begin my lecture with a conclusion: Until an African leader publicly acknowledges, honors and prays to an African God, we Africans will continue to be viewed as pathetic imitators of others, never having believed in ourselves.

So powerful is the concept of religion when we discuss it in connection with civilization that to deny the validity of one’s religion is to deny the validity of one’s civilization. Indeed to deny one’s religion as valid is to suggest that the person is a pagan, a heathen, uncivilized, and beyond the sphere of humanity. So to talk about religion is to talk about our views of ourselves, our understanding of our ancestors, and our love of our culture.

To establish my argument that we have a crisis in civilization because we have a crisis in religion I will make several points dealing with the themes of tradition, history, religion, and human action.

There are no people without traditions and traditions are the lifeblood of a people. A people who refuse to express its love and appreciation for its ancestors will die because in traditions, if you are not expressing your own, you are participating in and expressing faith in someone else’s ancestors. No person is devoid of an attachment to some cultural fountain. Whose water are we drinking?

Our African history has been a recent orgy of forgetfulness. We have often lost our memories and accepted the gods of those who enslaved and colonized us. This is something the Chinese and the Indians have fought hard to keep at bay. While we have often embraced our enemies gods they have found those gods to be anathema to their interests. Show me the gods we Africans worship and I will show the extent of our moral and ethical decay.

Those who speak to us of Christian or Islamic morals have often been the very ones who had defiled our ancestors’ memories and called out sacred rites paganism. Malcolm X once said that the world pushes the African around because we give the impression that we are chumps, not champs, but chumps, weaklings, falling over ourselves to follow other people rather than our own traditions.

The distribution of religion represents the distribution of power. African distribution is minimal and exists in a few places in the diaspora like Brazil, Haiti, Jamaica and the American South. The religion that people practice is based on the influences that have captured their imaginations. In the American South and the Caribbean and in South America one will often find the Yoruba religion. It is Africa’s most powerful religious export to the Americas, but this is still a minimal influence when one considers the fact that others have imposed their religions on us and we have accepted the imposition often without a fight from our traditional leaders. Indeed our traditional religious leaders have often been hijacked by the material goods offered by the purveyors of these migrating gods.

The great African pharaoh, Menes, united the two lands (TAWY) bringing 42 clans or nomes under one government around 3100 B.C. By this time already Africans had formulated the first human response to the unknown. If anything we knew God befor anyone else, not because we were wiser but because we were first to be civilized.

If you take any of the scientific reports we know that the first hominids were from Africa. Australopithecus afarensis is 4,200,000 years old and Australopithecus ramidus, 3,800,000. When Richard Johnason discovered Dinqnesh, later called Lucy, by the Europeans, he claimed to have found the earliest example of a hominid in Ethiopia. Until 75,000 years ago all humans were black. Did they have an appreciation for the Almighty? Did they formulate a response to the unknown? Of course they did; they were human and human before anyone else.

Our ancestors brought forth the first civilizations and gave the world the oldest organized cosmological explanations. Thus, Ra as Ptah, Atum, Amen, Khepera, Khnum – the many names of the one, the Supreme, created Shu and Tefnut, air and moisture, Geb and Nut, earth and sky. Then came Ausar, Auset, Nebhet, and Set. Ausar was killed by his brother Set and Auset put him back together with the assistance of her sister, Nebhet and her son, Heru, who avenged his father by killing Set. This is the story of good over evil. The purpose was to create Maat, balance, harmony, justice, righteousness, reciprocity, order. These are the key concepts in any ethical system and the fact that they emerged first in the Nile Valley of Africa suggests that other ideas, related to these ideas, found their way into the very practices and beliefs of our people throughout the continent. The deliberate attempt by the European to separate Africans from the classical civilizations of the Nile is one of the biggest falsifications in history. Only when we reclaim our history will we be able to see that the origins of many religious ideas are African. How is it that the parent has become the child?

Thus, not only do we have the earliest emergence of God, we have the first ethnical principles, reinforced by proverbs, and refined in the oral and artistic traditions of our narratives.

The ancient name of Egypt was Kemet and it was the culmination of classical Africa’s achievements in science, art, architecture, medicine, astronomy, geometry, and religion. The Greeks honored the Africans as the originators of the science and art practiced by the Greeks themselves. It would be the Europeans of the 15th through 19th centuries that wouild try to divorce Europe from its African origin and deny Africa any role in civilizing the world.

The early Greek historian, Herodotus claims that nearly all of the Greek gods came from Africa. We know that the Greeks worshipped Imhotep as Aesclepius, the God of Medicine, and that the name Athens, Athena, is from Aten.

When Constantine in 325 A.D. took ideas from African spirituality and created a control mechanism at Council of Nicea he was trying to organize a system for using African spiritual ideas. The early Christian church had to deal with the fact that Christians had used many African ideas, the son of God, eternal life, and the resurrection, in their religion. The sad fact is that since we have forgotten so much we do not know that we are the originators of religion.

The abandonment of our history, indeed the abandonment of our gods, the gods of our ancestors, have brought us deep into the quagmire of misdirection, mis-orientation and self pity. When the missionaries forbade our shrines and punished us in the Americas when we called the names of our gods and sounded our mighty drums they were looking for the Pavlovian reaction they finally got in millions of Africans: African is bad, it is inferior, it is pagan, it is heathen. We often hear others cursing our ancestors in ways the Chinese, the Lebanese and the British would never allow. Why is this? Are we truly shamed by our military defeat? Can we no longer think about how right our ancestors were in exploring human nature and positing ways to combat the unknown? Cannot we create new forms out of the old mold or must we throw away the mold?

What would be anymore pagan than the wanton willful destruction of millions of Africans, Jews, Native Americans, and Chinese by Christians Europeans? How could white men pray to a god on the second floor of a slave dungeon while on the first floor they held our ancestors, yours and mine, in horrible bondage? What kind of religion denied our humanity at the same time they were raping our women, brutalizing our children, and demanding our wealth and our souls?

It is true that the idea of Christian names or Muslim names promotes and advances those cultures. Why must you change your name even if you chose to buy into a foreign religion? What is wrong with your name? Any religion that asks you to do what others do not have to do is asking you to abandon your mother. The question is, why would you abandon your mother?

Religion in General
What is religion but the deification of ancestors, the making sacred of traditions within the context and history. How can we honor any god who was used against us? The only people who accept alien gods are defeated people;
all others honor and accept their own name for the Almighty. We must learn to appreciate ourselves and our traditions. What is wrong with the African God?

What would we think of a Yoruba who accepted Chinese ancestors as his own? We would find it quite interesting and wonder how it came to be. But what of Africans’ acceptance of others’ gods? Is there no tradition with these alien gods? Of course there is tradition with these gods! To accept the Jews’ god or the Arabs’ god or the Hindu’s god and so forth is to valorize those histories above your own. Indeed, it is to honor the names in those myths and stories higher than your own stories, it is to love the language, the places in their stories above your own. Why is Mecca, Rome, or Jerusalem more sacred that Bosumtwi? Quite simply, it is imperialism, not by force of arms, but by force of religion which sometimes comes

Joel Kotkin’s Tribes – a book about people ready for the 21st Century claims that only Jews, Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and British are ready. These groups have some commonalities which include (1) strong sense of identity, (2) international network, and (3) a passion for technology.

He does not include any African community or ethnic group. In fact, he believes that the African people were best organized under the leadership of Marcus Garvey who believed that Africans were not only capable of achieving without the whites; Africans had to achieve without whites in order to be seen as fully participating in the drama of history. Kwame Nkrumah believed in much the same idea.

Samuel Huntington’s The Clash of Civilizations claims that there are six major civilizations: Chinese, Japanese, Orthodox, Hindu, Western, Islamic. He says each one has a nation that is vanguard, deeply committed to its religion and history. Africa has no such vanguard nation and furthermore Africa has yet to emerge from under the cloaks of its interventionists. Of 53 nations only one nation is more African in religion than either Christian or Muslim. That nation is small Benin.

Benin is 87% popular traditional African Religion. But it is a small nation with limited influence in a propaganda fashion. As such we do not expect African traditional religion to play a major part in the civilization of Africa for a long time to come, but we can begin to examine the questions, to raise the issues, and to interrogate our practices.

Let me explore African Religion with you to provide some common understanding.

African Religion
In the first place it is important that we call popular traditional African Religion everywhere by a common acronym, Ptare. This means that Akan, Yoruba, Igbo, Zulu and Shona are the same religion with different branches. Just as Christians may be Baptists, Methodists, and Catholics, and just as Muslims may be Mourrides, Sunni, or Shiities. There is no difference in speaking of Ptare as one religion and speaking of Christianity or Islam as one religion.

I believe that Popular Traditional African Religion everywhere (Ptare) is as old as civilization, indeed, it is much older than either Christianity or Islam. The major characteristics of Ptare are found in all of the traditions from East to West and from North to South. The fact that we have often misunderstood the legacy we have inherited is not the fault of those who left it; it is our fault for preferring the oppressors’ legacy over that of our own ancestors.

The characteristics of Ptare include:

Creator God
Domicile of Gods – Presence, Shrine
Priest/Priestess of God
Devotee of God – medium (Noc??)
Herbalist – Pharmacist
Psychiatrist – mental harmonizer
Diviner – scientist, Hunter’s/explorers
All ritual in Ptare seek a return to Maat.
Everything is one – we are a part of the whole and nothing is disconnected from the Almighty. That is why we recognize Mother Earth as well as Nyame.
What Europe sees and teaches as limitations in Ptare are really advantages:
No vast interpretative literary corpus to say what is and what is not – Ptare’s interpretations are often dependent on a multitude of situations that demand attention.

No concentration on the material manifestations of the God’s house. All temples started as shrines and from the shrine place people build other edifices. Buildings should have some historical or religious significance.

Advantages of Ptare
The ethical principles are more conducive to community, not so geared toward individualism. Some religions demonstrate their power by showing what they can build but this is only a matter of financial not moral wealth. Are you more civilized because you can build a nuclear bomb?

We must not be impressed by the things which can be created because we are human and have the same capacity and can create the same things out of our own minds. But our African gods do not advance destruction. They have never been gods of death, but of life.

The material manifestations of religion are not the wisest standard of how good god is unless your god is money. The new religions seem to bring schools and hospitals but we have always had those institutions without calling them by those names. Now it is time that the practitioners of Ptare explain the interrelationship of the traditions of ordinary life in the context of institutions. Our entire existence is religion. Our shrines are sacred places on sacred land given by the ancestors. Our health is interconnected to our spirituality.

We Africans have always believed in a supreme deity
whether the name was Nyame, Oludumare, Abasi, Nkulunkulu, Woyengi, Chukwu, Mawu and Lisa. This is true although others have said we did not. They have confused a lot of us.

When the white missionaries translated the bible in our languages, they asked our ancestors for the name of the Almighty and they used the names our ancestors had always used for the Almighty and then told us that we did not have a belief in the Supreme.

But we now know that our priests were no less wise in their observations than the Greek sophists, the Hebrew prophets, the Arab ulema, or the Chinese literati.

Our ancestors believed in pluralism without hierarchy — many expressions of God without saying mine is right, or the only one, and yours is bad, pagan, and heathen. Perhaps had we done that we would have stopped the alien religions at the shore, but we are the world’s first humanists and we allowed others to come with their goods and their gods.

They came with a political ideology in the name of religion. It was imperialism. Imperialism brings destruction, obliteration. How could we fall for it for so long? The introduction of a book or a gun caused us to lose our
footing, to stumble on our way, to denounce our fathers and mothers.

There are no other people on the earth who have had to denounce their ancestors in order to become better people. Is it because our ancestors are so strong that we are forced to denounce them before our conquerors? This is one thing you shall never find me doing because I know too much about my African contribution to history.

Contributions of Ptare
The first naming of the divine, netcher, god, or netcheru divinity from which some say the English word nature is ultimately derived.
The first trinity: Ausar, Auset, Heru which has been repeated by Amen, Mut, Khonsu and then God, the father, God the son, God the holy
spirit. The Christians took out the mother who represented Auset -and gave Christians a virgin Mary, but she was no god. Asase Yaa is Mother Earth, but no one can have a son without a mother
The first idea of a son of god or a daughter of God. Sa Ra or Sat Ra.
The first black stone altars – long before the Kaaba was revealed at Mecca.
The first example of the resurrection from the dead Ausar. This is also where we find that the Neb Ankh – Lord of Life was not a sarcophagus, that is, not a flesh eater, but something that spoke of life.
The name of god Amen now used by others in their prayers.
The idea that your good should outweigh your evil, that your soul should be lighter than a feather, that perfection is not what is sought after, but overwhelming goodness.
The complementarity of males and females, different roles but not subjugation, Mawu and Lisa, male and female – Auset and Ausar, complementarity.
The first records of ancestors’ wisdom. The books of Ptahhotep, Kagemni, Duauf
The idea of heaven and earth, Nut , Geb, Auset is called, Lady of Heaven
Here in Africa humans have prayed to God longer than on any other continent. When the pyramids were finished, Europe had given the world not one organized civilization, even Asia was just stirring. Just look at a broad chronology:
2500 B.C. – The African people along the river valleys of the eastern highlands floated stones down the Nile to help monuments to God.
2500 Hsia Dynasty rises in China
2200 BC. Harrapa and Mohenjo Daro were found in India
800 BC Homer is the first voice of the Greeks
500 Romans come to power in Europe.
639 A.D. Arabs are able to cross into Africa with force under General El As from Arabia-Yemen.
Africans made the idea of the beautiful and the good one world nfr – nefer
Ptare gave the world its first ethical system: Maat – balance, harmony, justice, righteousness, reciprocity, order – Maat was the only major deity without priesthood since all were priests of Maat.

The idea of eternal life – Ankh neheh was African

The first libations, offerings and burning of incense as ritual forms

The ten commandments were preceded by the 42 confessions in the Egyptian Book of the Dead or more accurately the Egyptian Book of the Coming Forth By Day.

Ptare gave the idea of collective and communal salvation rather than a rampant individualism which says save me and the rest of the world go to hell.

The Future
All futures are made by human beings. But the begin with consciousness which precedes Afrocentricity.

A few days ago I walked into a Kumasi restaurant and found that I could get Ghanaian food only by pre-arranged request. But western food was immediately available. Imported. Are African Gods only on request? We determine
this by how we live.

The Wolof and Senegal say wood may remain in water for ten years but it will not become a crocodile. We live Africa by living its tried and true values and customs –
this is a credit to our gods. Almost all of the disarray in Africa can be traced to the disruption of the traditional religion. In fact, one can go from country to country and find that the cause of the problems can be laid at the feet of alien civilizations. This is not a wild statement; it is based on deep reflection and study.

I believe in the African gods and believe that just as we have exported our cultural forms in music, art and science, the world needs a more sane and sensible ethic.

What Must Be Done
We must talk honestly to our elders — those who have not abandoned the traditions – consult the priests, learn from them, and discover the source of our problems.

Remove all images of a white Jesus. This is not correct even if one is Christian. The historical Jesus had be black in color despite the missionaries’ attempt to paint him English and Swedish.

We must believe that our names are as sacred as Arabic or European names.

We must understand that when others extend their values, religion and institutions they are penetrating our traditions with the poison of alien power that teaches us to hate ourselves and to love our oppressors. Meanwhile, they never follow the prescriptions they leave for us.

We must enhance the economic, political and military power of African states because a lack of such power creates self doubt, identity crisis, and a search for the material gods of the west who seem to produce these things. But spirit is greater if we use it and we can only use it if we practice.

We need boldness from our leaders to accomplish this transformation.

The British called Harry Lee the best Englishman east of the British Isles when he finished Oxford. He changed his name, converted to Confucianism and they wondered what happened to him.
He learned Mandarin Chinese and became Lee Kuan Yew, a leader who rejected Western values.

Asians are calling for Confucianism as they emphasize tradition. The Japanese are calling for Nihonjinron, Japanese values. Why must we be stuck with the attitudes and values of the European, so-called Christian values, particularly since they have shown themselves to be bankrupt on many fronts.

We can achieve our aims not so much by modernizing African traditions as Africanizing modernity itself. We are the modern people. Our ecological values, relationships values, respect for others values are the keys to the future.

I recognize that humans cannot advance without answering some basic questions like, Who Am I? Why am I here? What is the purpose of existence? Who are we as humans, Africans, Ghanaians, Gas, Ewe, Guans, Akans, African Americans?

Religion provides compelling answers and often small communities of others who believe like we do. African deities and the Almighty God of Africa do that for us. They give us identity and direction.

We are the children of the Supreme God sustained by our ancestral connections, formed to glorify the best values of Maat, encouraged to assume responsibility for each other in a community of consciousness.

Failure to do this is a deviation, an abomination and we can only re-connect through rites of ablution— making, doing or sacrificing time, money, energy in the name and interest of Africa. The concept of the gift is the idea, not what we give.
This may change given education, science, sensibility, scarcity, etc., but we need to sacrifice for Africa.

But our God must not be one of exploitation, egocentrism, conservatism and westernization. If so, we shall go to hell.

We must create our African personality and identity in art, dance, medicine, education, science, and religion and if we cannot do it here in the land of Okomfo Anokye, Nkrumah and Du Bois, then it cannot be done in Africa.

If we do not do it here in the land of Yaa Asantewaa, then we can never be the hope of the hopeless.

If Africa cannot find its way, then I fear the prospects of the world.

But Africa will rise to throw off the vestiges of mental enslavement and there shall be rejoicing among the Nananom nsamanfo. The ancestors will say: Rejoice! Rejoice! Let the Gods of Africa Rejoice!

Note: Dr. Molefi Kete Asante is the author of 42 books, more than 200 articles, the father of Afrocentricity, and the creator of the first doctoral program in African American Studies.


March 25, 2007


The roots of “Western” civilization, culture, science, technology and religion are to be found not in Greece, but in Black Egypt and Nubia-Kush. From as early as 10,000 B.C. to 1500 A.D., Blacks were in the forefront in the development of science, culture and technology. Black empires and civilizations from the prehistoric Zingh Empire of 15,000 B.C. of Mauritania to ancient Khemet (Egypt) and Nubia-Kush, which existed about 17,000 years ago, experimented in various aspects of science and technology. Some of these sciences and technologies were so advanced that stories of flying machines and the invention of advanced machines has been passed down through ancient writings. Later Black civilizations such as Khemet and Mali experimented and created various sciences and technologies such as the chemical and mystery sciences of ancient Khemet and the surgical sciences of Mali, in West Africa. As early as about 400 B.C., a Black Pharaoh named Pi Di Amen built a model glider to conduct experiments in flight. Centuries before, the Black Egyptians had already invented gunpowder for use in their temples and mystery schools.

The mathematical and astronomical sciences necessary for high technologies such as those used in space technology and industries were first began by Blacks in Khem (Egypt) and Kush (Sudan). These sciences and high technologies were then passed on to the Sumerians, Babylonians, Elamites (all originally Black civilization), Greeks, Hebrews, Romans and Arabs In fact, it was the Black Sabeans of South Arabia, members of the Kushitic branch of the Black African race who established the first civilization in the Arabian Peninsula…thousands of years before the emergence of the Bedouin Arabs

Black medicinal sciences began in Khemet (ancient Black Egypt) and led to later Greek medicinal sciences. These ancient African sciences were copied by the Greeks and others from the ancient Papyrus texts composed by the ancient Khemites and Nubians.

From about 711 A.D. when the Moors, a Black people from Senegal, West Africa and Morocco, invaded Europe. They introduced Black Moorish science, technology, civilization and education to Europe and raised the Europeans from the Dark Ages of about 400 A.D. to 711 A.D. The Black Moors introduced advanced learning to Spain, similar to what had been taking place in Ghana, and at the university city of Jenne in Mali for hundreds of years. They introduced advanced learning to the cities of Toledo, Seville and Cordoba. These cities became centers of Black Moorish and European scholarship, science and culture, where Europeans and others learned new and advanced sciences, arts and technologies. That led to the European Renaissance of later years. The Black Moors introduced art, architecture, sciences, medicines, animal husbandry and other advanced disciplines to Spain and the rest of Europe. This was the catalyst which led to the European Renaissance

Compared to Africa and East Asia where the Europeans learned more technology from the Chinese such as the making of gunpowder and guns, Western and Eastern Europe, (excluding Rome, Greece, etc.) have very little history of great civilization and achievements before the Middle Ages. Africans and the Blacks of India, have had thousands of years of great contributions to world culture and civilizations. The British, French, Spanish, Dutch, Scandinavians, Germanics, Celts, Russians, Poles and many of these groups who claim “superiority” to Blacks and others, were from prehistoric times until the 1500’s A.D., much less advanced economically, culturally, intellectually and scientifically as well as socially than most Black nations, kingdoms and empires during that period. From the time of the Roman conquest of Europe about 400 B.C. to the about 1200 A.D., much of Northern and Western Europe was in a stage or barbarism and backwardness. The Roman settlements and cities built by the Romans were the only areas of advanced culture

The claim by some people of racial superiority over Blacks is based on recent developments The introduction of gunpowder to Europe from China via the Arabs played a major part in elevating the Europeans to a level of military superiority. This advantage over some Africans made colonialism and the theft of African lands as well as the defeat of some African armies easier than in past eras. When the Europeans fought with sword and lance against sword and lance, their victories against Africans were few. For example, Hannibal, the African from Carthage defeated Rome’s legions with as little as 15,000 men and ruled Italy for many years.
However, even with modern weapons during the modern era, Europeans were sometimes soundly defeated. Nations such as the Zulus, Mossi States, Ashanti, Dahomians, Ethiopians, Herrerros and others defeated the Europeans in a number of wars and battles.

Black people were the original inventors of the disciplines that helped bring the world into the technological age. Mathematics, physics, astronomy, building in stone and bricks, metallurgy and all the root subjects that were necessary to push the world into today’s modern age, were begun by Blacks in Egypt, Nubia-Kush, Mesopotamia, Sabea and Black Naga India. Therefore, even if people of European origins have made improvements in ancient technologies and ancient inventions, such as rocketry, computer technology, aerodynamics and others, the basic mathematical formulas and ancient prototypes were invented by Africans and Chinese. For example, the Africans invented the binary system which is still used in the Yoruba oracle and was copied by German scientists and applied to computer programming. Many ancient formulas in trigonometry, calculus and physics as well as chemistry (Khem mysteries) came from the scientific discoveries of Blacks in Egypt and Nubia-Kush.

Most Western European scientific discoveries or rather copies of the original discoveries of Africans and Chinese were put to use during the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries. It was during this crucial period that some of the great scientific and technological discoveries and inventions were made. Yet, these discoveries and inventions were and are merely improvements on ancient discoveries made by Africans, Chinese and Black Kushite Arabs. For example, gunpowder was invented by the ancient Egyptians and Nigerians who used the cola nut to make gunpowder. The Chinese reinvented it and used it in fireworks and explosives. Steel was invented by Africans in ancient Tanzania, where ancient cone-like blast furnaces with bellows still exist to this very day and are still used. The hydraulic pump for lifting water and irrigation was invented by Africans in Egypt

Susu Economics: The History of Pan-African Trade, Commerce, Money and Wealth

The greatest book ever written on the history of Africans and others from prehistoric times to the 1600’s. Susu Economics is a complete history of African civilizations, the prehistory of planet earth and how the ancients developed civilizations throuigh trade and commerce. All the cultures listed and previewed in the “Black History Chart are included in this book and a thorough history is given. This book will inform, delight and impart knowledge. It is a fabulous work that deserves to be read and cherished. There are no pictures in this work, yet some of the pictures on this website are the only examples of the cultures and civilizations discussed in this great book.

Published by 1stbooks Library,

500,000 to 150,000 B.P. (Before Present)
Homo erectus develops in Africa.

150,000 B.C. to 100,000 years ago

The first Homo sapiens who were of the Black Africoid race appear at Omo region in Ethiopia.

100,000 to 70,000 B.C.

Africans initiate a cultural renaissance in the Congo Region and South Africa. Well crafted tools of stone and bone are created. Writing and the etching of stone is done. Red ochre is used for body paint and body decoration. Migrations to other parts of the world begin around this period.

No Homo sapiens in Asia

Negroid migrations to Australia begins

No Homo sapiens in Europe

No Homo sapiens in the Americas


80,000 to 50,000 B.C.

Development of advanced toolmaking in parts of Africa (evicence found in Congo; 1994: South Africa 2001: age range 100,000 to 70,000 B.C.)
Homo erectus enters Europe from Africa
Neanderthals thrive in Africa. They migrate to Europe and Asia

African “Adam and Eve,” (per Mitochondrial DNA), are the first modern-like humans to migrate out of Africa. They include the various types of Black peoples:
Black Australoids, Pygmoids and Negroids enter Europe, Asia, Siberia, Australia, Melanesia and the Americas

Culture begins in Africa, migrations of Africans to other parts of the world

First Homo sapiens occupy Asia, Europe and the Americas from Africa.

50,000 B.C.

Grimaldi Negroids enter Europe with advanced African culture called the Aurignacian Culture. Arts such as paintings, cloth making, advanced tool making and other advanced crafts from Africa is brought to Europe, the Americas, Australia and the South Pacific/Melanesia.

African Paintings of animals and scenery in Upper Paleolithic Period about 30,000 years ago.

Black Australoids from Australia and proto African Blacks from the South Pacific reach South America (Brazil) and spread to the rest of the Americas.

Early horticulture practiced in the Sahara. Pastoralism and hunting also practiced.


40,000 B.C.

Iron ore mined in Swaziland about 40,000 years ago for the purpose of making red ochre for decoration and body paint.

Black Grimaldi Negroids migrate to the Middle East and Asia bringing the Aurignacian culture from Africa to Europe as well

Grimaldi Negroids enter Europe bringing in the Aurignacian Culture. They later evolve into the Cro-magnon People after about twenty thousand years of living in the cold, damp ice and loosing the need for dark black skin.

Ancestors of Black Australoids, Pygmies and Melanesians from the Sahara and East Africa migrate to Australia about 100,000 to 60,000 thousand years ago. Descendants of Tasmanian Blacks arrive thousands of years before. Melanesians arrive from the coast of East Africa They establish cultures throughout Asia and are the only Homo sapiens in the region. Many occupy China, India, South East Asia.

30,000 B.C.

Negroid type dominates all Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East. This type is said to have been a more Negroid Cro-magnon, who had not been affected as yet by the Ice Age conditions which led to the change in skin complexion.

Blacks bring horticulture and early agricultural practices from Africa to Melanesia, Papua New Guinea and the Region.


20,000 B.C.

First ‘white” Cromagnon types appear in Europe among a Black population in much of the warmer parts of Europe and Asia.

Pacific Blacks sail to the Americas after sailing from East Africa.

First Black cultures and civilizations called the Aqutic Civilizations developin the Sahara.
First evidence of a more advanced culture in the region.

Blacks from Sahara sail to the Americas across the Atlantic


First “white” Cromagnoids appear in Europe. These homosapiens evolved from the Black Grimaldi Negroids who migrated from Africa



17,000 B.C. to 10,000 B.C..

Beginning of Nile Valley cultures and prehistoric civilizations. Civilizations begin in Sudan and spreads down-river to the middle part of Egypt. The Delta is still covered with water.


Black cultures in SW Asia, India, Melanesia, Papua New Guinea, the South Pacific and Southern China thrive. Ice Age still affects northern Asia.
15,000 B.C.

Zingh Empire exists in West Africa while part of Sahara is still covered with Lakes and an insland sea that supports boats and a maritime culture.
Zingh Empire spreads its influence over much of the Sahara, tropical Africa and the Middle East, and establish their standard, the red, black and green flag over the entire region, (Blisshords Communications)


Blacks controle much of Europe especially southern and central part. Ice still in Northern Europe, Cromagnon and early Cacausoids in the far northern regions and north Central Europe.

10,000 B.C. to 8,000 B.C.

Kingdom of Ta-Seti (Nubia) reaches a peak of culture. Glass is produced, astronomy is studied, observatories are built, trade and commerce is established.

Sahara and Nile Corridor continue to develop. Painting, carving, homes, monuments, early disciplines, the horse and chariot, building in stone. Neolithic culture moves on. Agriculture develops further. Some forms of metal working, making of jewelry and decorations. Buildings of towns, villages and cities begin in the Sahara and elsewhere.

Sphinx built about 10,000 B.C., Year of Leo 6280 B.C.

Towns and cities spread throughout Ethiopian Empire (Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Libya, Somalia, Isreal, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Mesopotamia, South Arabia, India).

Mongoloid race develops from combination Negroids and Caucasoids in Mediterranean region, during the Mesolithic Age. First evidence of Brachycephalic (trait found among Mongoloids and Semites.round-headed races).

Trade and travel between West Asia and Africa.

10,000 B.C.
Great Black civilization exists in Southern India. Culture is Africoid and part of what was a great cultural region that connected the Ethiopian Empire with India.

Black Matrilineal cultures in Sothern Europe. Worship of Black female diety (Black Virgin) in Europe. Africoids occupy vast areas of Europe. Caucasians in the Northern regions of Europe.

Blacks continue to build culture and civilization in the Americas. Washitaw Moundbuilders of the South-western U.S.

Black Giants inhabit the Mississippi Region. These Africans are engaged in agriculture and maritime activity as well as trade and commerce.

8000 to 4241 B.C.

Khemetic Calendar invented 6786 B.C.
Civilizatons of Ta-Seti in Nubia. Natufian and Badarian Culture in Egypt, Abacus invented in Ishongo, Congo (Central Africa)

Horse, elephant, donkey used in early transportation.

Khemite New Year established in 4241 B.C.
Improvements made in sciences, mathematics, technology, agriculture.

Cities expand, trade with world and colonies established around the Mediterranean.

African Khemetic New Year established in the City of On (Iunu), Egypt. Many great cities exist Nubian Kingdom of Ta-Seti Continues to thrive and prosper. Colleges, temple universities, laws and religion improves. Manufacturing trade and commerce advances.

Nok Culture develops further in West Africa

Africans with West African and Nile Corridor connections sail to the Americas and carry their calendar dated 3113 B.C., to Mexico.

West African civilizations build industries trading in gold and salt, textiles, with the the Sahara and Egypt. Age-grade system of education, trade guilds and secret societies connected with trades and religions develop further.

Mongoloids develop further in the Northern part of Asia. Southern China occupied by Black Negritoes, Negroids and Black Australoids.

Black cultures continue to develop in Mississippi Valley, particularly Washitaw Nation. America’s population consists of Black straight-haired Australoids ( as those of India and Australian Aborigines ) see
Black Pygmoids and Africoids from West Africa.

3500 B.C. to 3000 B.C.

Nubian Dynasty at Qustul 3400 B.C. to 3200 B.C., War of Unity (Northern and Southern Egypt).
Khemet and Nubia united. Narmer Pharaoh.
Memphis (Ineb-hedj) as capital.
Large magnificent temples built to Ptah at Memphis, Niet at Sau (Sais).
Books on the body composed
Pharaoh Edimu improves stone construction. Industries, trade with Mesopotamia, India.

West African civilizations expand. Gold, terracotta industries, trade, towns in Ghana, Mali areas.

Black Cushitic civiliztion of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley of India.

Black Cushitic civilization in Mesopotamia, India, East Asia. Sumerians consisting of Black Cushites and Black Semitic Speakers from Ethiopia dominate region.

Groups of Africans sail to Fiji and other areas of South Pacific, continuing a tradition that is tens of thousands of years old.

Mongoloids and Oceanic Blacks mix in SE Asia to create Polynesian People. They spread to the Pacific Islands, a region that had already been occupied by Black nations.

3000 to 2000 B.C.

Caucasian Sythians spread throughout Europe from North Central Eurasia, after horses are tamed and introduced by Khemites (Black Egyptians, (see Michael Bradley, “The Black Discovery of America,” also the works of Herodotus).

Whites still concentrated around the Caspian Sea Region, but continue to spread westward and southward in what would be called the Aryan migrations. Gold craftswork in Southeastern Europe continues after being established about 4000 B.C.

Black matrilineal system continues to thrive among whites. Worship of female Goddesses, and Black virgin mothers continue.

Black cultures in the Americas continue to thrive. Races up to about 2000 B.C. continue to be Black Australoid and other Black nations.
Black Olmec or Shi culture carried to Mexico from West Africa.
Black Olmecs establish first calendar about 3113 B.C. (see Sitchin )
Olmec civilization contains features in race, religion and cultural practices identical to the Nok Culture of West Africa, including scarification marks, cornrows, Black African racial reatures, and even an alphabet identical to the Mende script of West Africa.

Wave of Mongoloids from Siberia enter the Americas.
Fishing, hunting and early agriculture practiced by Mongoloids. Some conflict between the Mongoloids and the Negro-Austroloids. Mixing of races occur in parts of North America, however Blacks in places like the Mississippi Valley, the South Eastern U.S., California, Mexico, Central America and South America resist mixing and remain distinctly Black. (see pictures of such groups “Black Civilizations of the Americas.”

3000 TO 2000 BC.

Sun temples built.
Shabaka Inscriptions:
Influence and power of men like Sahure.
Coffin texts written.
Hennu, Snefru sail to Puntite kingdom, trade, commerce with towns cities along East African coast all the way to S. Africa.

Books written by philosophers Kagemani, Ptahotep, Pyramid Texts written.
Book of the Dead (Book of the Coming Forth by Night) written about 2300 B.C.

Nok Civilization thrives over West Africa and parts of Southern Sahara. Art, bronze casting, trade, government and culture strengthened.

Great flourishing of Khemite/Nubian civilization.
Wars between Khem and Nubia as well as Libya.
Zoser bulds step pyramid. Imhotep mproves architecture, medicine, science, the priesthood is world’s first scientist/doctor.
Khemite troops guard Sinai against red-haired barbarians.
Pyramid built at Sakkara and Dashur. Eleven pyramids built during the period.
Khemite trade with Fenkhu (Phoenicia). Sahure sails to Asia and may have established contact with people in China.

Black Elamites, Sumerians and Mesopotamians rule in the Fertile Crescent.
Black Elamites conquer Ur. Babylonian Dynasty formed; Hammurabi is king; he writes codes, conquers Sumeria and Elam.

Mohenjo-daro flourishes in India,

Black Xia Dynasty of China 2800 B.C. to 2200 B.c.

Black Shang Dyasty of China; 2200 B.C. to 1100 B.C.
Shang Dynasty Blacks develop first Chinese civilization introducing culture from the Cushite regions of Mesopitamia and Khemet as well as Black Cushite India.

Series of Mongoloid Dynasties and rulers such as: Fu Hsi, Sheng Nung, Yao, Shun, Yu.

Khemite/Nubian, and Black Kushite Dravidian influences enter China and influences culture further.

Golden Age of Ur; Semitic speakers invade Black Canaan from Arabian deserts. Black Cushite civilizations develop in Sabea and South Arabia. Sargon of Akkad as first Semite King. Sumeria united

Barbarians dominate Northern and Central Europe.

Black Egyptians occupy Greek Isles, including Crete (Khepra)

Barbarians sweep into Eurasia. Aryan speakers migrate into India and Southern Europe.

Barbarian horsemen spread over wide area of Europe. Blacks lose control of Crete to invaders from the northern lands. Black cultures in Southern Europe begins to be overwhelmed by northern peoples. Khemites and Phoenicians mine tin in Cornwall, England, Iberia and parts of Western Europe. Black colonies established in Britain, including Black giants called Formorians, who migrate from North Africa.

New group of Mongoloids enter North America from the China/Japan region of Asia. These types are related to the Algonquin (see African Presence in Early America,” by Ivan Van Sertima)

Conflicts with Blacks occur, yet Black sedentary and agricultural communities remain intact in the Southern, Western and Eastern U.S., as well as the Mississippi Valley, while most Mongoloids pursue a lifestyle of hunting and nomadic movements, fishing and agriculture in the North-Eastern U.S.

Maya Indians live north of Black Olmec areas in Central America and Mexico. Indians cultures develop.

2000 B.C. to 1000 B.C.

Khemites/Kushites invade S.W. Asia; barbarians from Europe defeated in the Delta;
Internal conflict occurs in Khem. Waset (Thebes) becomes the most important city in Khemet (Egypt) as well as capital.
Improvements in religions and schools. Asiatics are forced out of the Delta.
Hyksos invade from Arabia. Sea Peoples invade and are defeated by Ahmose 1.
Ahmose the Scribe copies math formulas on papyrus.

Invaders control northern Egypt
Blacks rule south. Amenophis composes “hymn to Atum.” Hyksos driven out. Reunification occurs.

Collossi of Memnon constructed (Menes?)
More naturalistic art.

Nok civilization flourishes in West Africa and continues trade with Sahara, Egypt, Kush and the Americas. Trade between Egypt and Mexico continues from ancient times (Mexico may have been the “Manu” of Egyptian texts).
Sailing across Atlantic by Nubians, West Africans and Egyptians as well as Phoenicians. Cities in West Africa (Mauritania region). Gold and salt trade with coastal kingdoms.

Famine in Khemet (Egypt); food prices rise.
Chemistry highly advanced, books kept; Nubians build first ever massive domes, reservoirs, pyramids.
Nubian ships dominate parts of Mediterranean and Indian Ocean as well as Atlantic Ocean.

Nubians control both army and government of Egypt from 1100 B.C. to about 650 B.C.

Egyptians (Khemites) use iron by 1500 B.C.. Nubians use iron during same period but not for weapons, since Bronze is more popular. Khem becomes rich and powerful. Egyptian Capital at Pi-Ramses.

Tale of Two Brothers written.

Revolting Nubians defeated by Khemites.
Phoenicians spread from Canaan.
Ethiopians develop Sabean civilization.
Makeda is Queen of Sheba; other kings rule.

Black Shang Dynasty rule China for 643 years, up to 1122 or 1123 B.C. Book of Changes rewritten from the original Cushite Book of Changes from Mesopotamia.

Chou Dynasty, first purely Mongoloid Dynasty starts rule from 1122 B.C. Laws of Chou written;
Indo-Aryans invade Black India. Blacks defeat Aryans but floods destroy Harappa and Mohenjo daro, making it easy for the invaders to sweep into India.

Ancient Vedas composed by Black Negro-Australoids of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, and copied later by invaders.

Black Babylonian Dynasty and civilization thrives
Hittities in Turkey; Black Canaanites flourish in what is today Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon

Mongoloid Chinese Dynasties continue to rule in northern China. Black Dynasties rule southern part, mainly descendants of Shang Dynasty who were pushed out of their capital city, An-Yang about 1100 B.C.

First Mongoloids arrive in Japan from Korea. Mongols mix with Blacks, Polynesians and Ainu, who were the original inhabitants of Japan.

Black Melanesians and Polynesians sail over Pacific Ocean, occupying islands and reaching parts of South America.

Mixed Black/Semitic race rules Assyria.
Shamshi Addad II is King; Black Sabean civilization in South Arabia. Black civilization in South Pacific, India, Australia, Hebrews in Egypt.

Hebrews invade Black Canaan (present-day, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon.
Saul and David become Kings of new Israelite nation.

Phoenicians continue their maritime activities are hired by both Egyptians and Nubians for commercial purposes.

Solomon Israelite King establishes relations with Abbysinia.

Middle Minoan to 1180 B.C. Egyptian Blacks continue civilization in Minoa Crete. Etruscans develop. Black colonies in Spain, England. Indo-Europeans such as the Dorians and Latins invade Italy from north-Central Europe and Asia

Barbarians roam over Central Europe; Indo-Europeans established in parts of Europe. Greeks under Black Khemite influence, some are mercenaries in Khem. Parts of Western, Southern Brit. Isles occupied by Blacks; Myceneans destroy Crete; Black colonies formed in Spain including Black Phonecians.

Rise of Greek City-States
Greek culture adopts Khemitic styles; Minoans no longer a power.

Mayans in Meso-America; Khemites, Nubians and West Africans begin settlement in Mexico by 1200 B.C.

Heads of basalt carved, temples, pyramids, religious centers are built. Mayan city of Kaminaljuyu established. Thousands of Blacks in Vera Cruz, South Mexico. Cities of San Lorenzo built by Black Olmecs. Black Olmec culture starts in 3113 B.C. and continues to about 400 A.D.

Black Olmec-Nubian Dynasties continue their rule. Blacks are at all levels of Olmec society. They spread their culture to the rest of Central America.

Both Mayas and Black Olmecs continue to build in Central America, each group controlling their own areas and yet having trade and commercial contact.

Black Olmec centers built in San Lorenzo. New wave of Black shamans arrive from West Africa and introduce the Venus worship and thunder God religions.

Indian civilizations develop in South America. First Mongoloid Indians move into the Caribbean Island region.

1000 B.C. to 500 B.C.


Journey by Wenamen to Canaan composed.
Herihor is first Prophet of Amen.
Civil war betwen Khemites; Sheshonk is Pharaoh for 52 years.
Relations with Spain. Libyan Dynasty rules Egypt (Khemet) from 1000 B.C. to 725 B.C.
Khemite Dynasties from 850 B.C. to 745 B.C.
Nubian Dynasty rules Egypt from 745 B.C. to 685 B.C.

Nubians revive Egyptian culture, build monuments, cities, temples; rebuild country.
Tarharka, Nubian Pharaoh encourages use of demotic script.

720 B.C. to 658 B.C.

Piankhi – 720 B.C.
Shabaka – 713 B.C.
Shibitku – 701- 698 B.C.
Shabataka – 698-690 B.C.
Tarharka – 690-664 B.C.
Tunoutamon – 664 to 658 B.C.


Atlanarsa – 653 to 643 B.C. (Before Christ)
Senkamanisken – 643 to 623
Anlamani – 623- 593
Aspelta – 593 – 568
Amani-nete-yerike = 431 to 45 B.C.
Harsiotef – 404 to 369
Natasen – 335 to 310
Ergamenos – 250 to 125 B.C. Ergamenos abolished the practice of royal suicide, eliminating the Pharaohs after a period of about ten to 20 years of rule
Taniydamani – Between 200 to 100 B.C.

Nubian Queens and Queen-Mothers;

Queen Mother Nasalsa – Mother of Pharaohs Aspelta and Anlamani = 593 B.C.
Queen Mother Pelekhs = 335 to 310
Queen Sakhakh wife of Natasen – 335 to 310
Queen Shanakdakhete = 170 B.C. o 160 B.C.
(starts female Pharaoh rule which lasts for three generations to about mid 100’s A.D.

Pharaoh Natakamani and Queen Amanitere, 12 B.C. to 12 A.D. Great builders of cities monuments, temples. They rebuilt Napata after the Roman (Petronius) destruction of the Kushite Capital. They Build Naga Lion Temple.
Queen Amenitere
Queen Sherakerer
Queen Amanisheketo

Pharaoh Tegorideamani – 246 A.D. to 266 A.D.

The Nubian-Kushite civilization and system of Kingship extends back to the time of Ta-Seti (8,000 B.C. to about 4500 B.C. followed by the Nubian-Kushite Kingdom about 4500 B.C. to 1500 A.D. The Nubian Monarchy still existes today and their present King is the oldest line of kingship by any culture on earth today. THIS IS THE CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE THAT NUBIANISTS AND PAN-AFRICANISTS AROUND THE WORLD ARE SUPPORTING. Nubia-Kush is the core, the heart and soul of Pan-African culture and CIVILIZATION) Nubian civilization is over ten thousand years, according to excavations and findings carried out in Sudan in the year 2000 (see Time Magazine)

Assyrians Invade About 685 B.C.: Series of European and West Asian invaders rule Egypt, including the Assyrians, Saites, Babylonians, Persians, Jews, Greeks, Romans until about 30 A.D.

1000 B.C. t0 500 B.C.

Feudal Age begins in China: Chou takes over from Black Shang Dynasty.

Sargon King of Assyria; Babylon burned by Sennacherib.

Assyrians invade Khem in 671 B.C., They destroy Memphis;
Chou Dynasty is first Mongoloid dynasty. They rule from 771 B.C. to 256 B.C.
Remnants of Black Shang found Black (Nahkhi) Dynasties in Southern China
Chinese use coins, build drainage projects.

Black kingdoms in Southern India:
Greeks, Romans occupy parts of Asia; wars between Persians and Indians.

660 B.C., Jimmu forms first Japanese state.


Illyad, Homers epics written
Lydians use coins;
Khemites (Egyptians) recruit Greek warriors
Celts dominate Central Europe
Tarharka, Nubian Pharaoh invades Spain, Nubians ( also known as Ethiopians) dominate Atlantic and Mediterranean
Tarharka, Nubian Pharaoh, occupies Spain
Greeks, Persians, Egyptians, Phoenecians, Nubians meet in Mediterranean. Trade and conflict in the region


Journey of Nubians and West Africans to Mexico, possibly under Tarharka.
Black Olmecs establish another Calendar in 747 B.C. New Year celebrated on April 26th. Mayans build more settlements away from Black Olmec areas.

Black Olmecs or Xi rule in Mexico till about 400 A.D. (3113 B.C. to 400 A.D.)

Chavin and other cultures in South America.
Black Washitaw build ceremonial sites throuighout Southern and Midwestern U.S. Black Tribes in California and South-Eastern U.S. thrive through trade and commerce.

500 B.C. to 1 A.D.

Plato studies in Egypt under Black Egyptian priests. Manetho writes History of Egypt;
Alexandrian library built and founded by African named Eratosthenes, a scholar and librarian. He charts earth’s circumference and also composed Canon of Kings of Thebes.

Nubia flourishes under female Pharaohs called Ka’andakes (Candaces).
Ethiopia (Axum) in Golden Era, relations with Jews

Massinissa rules Numidia (200 B.C. to 148 B.C.)
Trade continues between West Africa and Americas and between West Africa and Mediterranean; East Africa to Zimbabwe develops city states and trades with Asia and Mediterranean, the rest of Africa.

Hannibal defeats and occupies Rome.
Stone cities built in Southern Africa.

Black kingdoms in South India; cultures in the Pacific, Nakis Kingdom flourishes in Southern China.

New Period of Philosophers and poets.

Han Dynasty begins 206 B.C. to 221 A.D.

Romans occupy Israel. Jewish religion has offshoots and sects, Christianity develops out of Jewish religion.
Armenia flourishes.

Romans build Empire in Europe, North Africa.
Pax Romana or Roman Peace is established; Romans occupy much of Europe and dominates territories. Roman influence spreads to parts of India.

Pastoralists in Central Europe; Barbarians occupy large areas of Central Europe.

Barbarian conflicts with Roman ambitions. War breaks out.

The Black Olmecs continue to rule in parts of Mexico. Africans continue to sail to Mexico/Central America from Africa and possibly the Pacific Region. Olmecs and Mayas create great cultures, stone monuments, hieroglyphic writing,

Mayans adopt Black Mende Olmec (Xi) cultural forms, including pyramid building, which the Mayans develop into another style.

Cultures in South America and other parts of the Americas continue to develop.

Contacts from Africa and the Pacific Islands.
Black groups and nations form throughout the Americas from Olmec Empire. Choco People in Columbia, Afro-Darienite in Panama, Black Californians of California and the South-West (see Legend of Queen Calfia), Jamassee in Georgia and Washitaw of Louisiana are all existing groups of pre-Columbian Black nations who still exist or are blended in with the later slave-era African arrival to the Americas.

Mayas thrive in Yucatan; Toltecs in Central Mexico; Totonac culture.

500 BC. TO 1 A.D.


Nok-Wagadu Kingdom trades with Phoenicians( see Herodotus detail about Hanno’s trip around Africa to the Cameroon region, (Nok Culture 3000 B.C. to 500 A.D. Most Africans kingdoms in the Sahel and forest kingdoms of West Africa, such as Benin, Ashanti, Oyo, existed earlier than 1200 B.C. according to African sources).

People in Nok region continue ancient contact with the Americas. Shaman and worshippers of Shango and the Venus Complex migrate to Mexico from West Africa. Migrations began about 725 B.C. and continues to 400’s A.D. (see picture of ancient figurine of Oni or Priest-King of ancient West Africa at )


In 525 B.C., Nubians defeat Persian King Cambysis at Batn-al-Hadjar

Aspelta is Nubian-Kushite Pharaoh
Queen Mother is Nasala
Sacred Temple of Amun at Jabel Barkel is rebuilt and refurnished 593-568

Two years after the reign of Nubian Pharaoh Aspelta, Psamtik II of Egypt invades Kush with Greek and Carian mercenaries under command of Amasis and Potasimto. Napata, the Nubian-Kushite capital is captured.

Nubian-Kushites transfer capital from Napata and move southward to Meroe.

Phoenicians and Carthaginians continue trade with West Africa: Hanno sees evidence of Harvest Festival (Kwanzaa) in Cameroon in 450 B.C. (see “The Histories, by Herodotus).
Trade in gold, salt. African gold, iron, bronze industries thrive in West Africa.

400 B.C.; Ghana Empire spread over large area of West Africa particularly in what is today Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea and other parts of West Africa.

Trade across Sahara continues. Agriculture well established in the region. Cities built.

Greeks and Persians kept out of Kush (Nubia) Ptolemy V attempts to Invade Kush.
Meroe made Kushite (Nubian) capital. Nubians, East Africans (pre-Swahili Africans of Punt) and Abbysinians trade with China and India.

Ethiopians (Sabeans) create large empire which extends from Ethiopia, through Arabia, all the way to Armenia and Southern Russia. Black Ethiopian Jews thrive in Ethiopian Highlands.

Greeks, Jews, Europeans and others study in Egyptian Temple Universities (eg Ipet-Uset)

Last Black Khemite (Egyptian) Dynasty 378 to 341 B.C. Nectanebo 1 is Pharaoh. Nectanebo is defeated by Persian Ataxerxes 111, in 343 B.C.

Alexander the Great invades Khemet (Egypt) 322 B.C.

Aspelta is Pharaoh of Nubia-Kush in 525 B.C.

Amanoteyerike is Pharaoh in 400 B.C. He is a warrior-king, builder of cities and temples. He improves Nubian -Kushite culture.

Phonetic alphabet developed further about 170 B.C.

Nubians sack Aswan, in Roman occupied Egypt and carry off statue of Augustus.

Roman Prefect Petronius captures Napata, Nubian capital in 23 B.C. A peace treaty is signed and the Romans withdraw in 20 B.C.

Queen Amanishaketo rules with Natakamani, Pharaoh of Nubia-Kush from 12 B.C. to 12 A.D.

Golden Era of Nubian-Kushite civilization, including the development of an Industrial Age in which the use of iron and the manufacture of iron goods was very important and widespread. That period was from about 600 B.C. to 325 A.D.

Buddha teaches in India. Buddha is believed to be of Black Kushitic stock, similar to the Negroid peoples who still inhabit many parts of India today. Buddha comes from the Sakya Clan.

Confucius, Chinese philosopher teaches in China.
Bureaucratic system peaks in China.
Persians dominate West Asia eastern Mediterranean from 500 B.C. to 300 B.c.
Persian Kings include, Cyrus, Darius, Cambisis, Xerxes, Ataxerxes:

Greeks invade India with Alexander the Great.
Black Indians dominate South India.
(Negro-Australoid Kushitic speakers).
Wars between Chinese states.
Black Nakhi Kingdom, remnants of ancient Shang People exist in Southern China/Indo China.

Melanesian cultures develop in South Pacific, Papua New Guinea, including development of agriculture/horticulture, boatbuilding, the building of large settlemtns, sea trading and travel including contacts and trade with East Africans.

Ashoka is King in India. He changes in outlook after a war in which about 100,000 lives are lost.

273-232 B.C. Tang Dynasty influences Japanese culture, including writing, art, religion and language (some African historians point out that the core of Japanese language is East Africa).

Period of Philosophers and Poets
Han Dynasty 206 B.C. to 221 A.D.

Romans occupy Israel
Christians emerge from Jewish religion
Armenia flourishes

Romans in Europe
Conflict between Romans and various European Tribes
Nubian and North African troops in Europe and Britain. Rise of Bodacia, British Queen who leads struggle against Roman occupiers.
Spread of Christianity in the Mediterranean

Black Olmec Civilization continues to flourish in Mexico, Central America and elsewhere.
Mayas and other groups of Mongoloid “Indians,” gain prominence.
Teotihuacán culture prospers in Central Mexico

Nomadic and coastal Indian peoples inhabit parts of the Great Plains and both the Eastern and Western U.S. Migrations from Siberia trickles into the American Continent from Alaska.

Black nations continue to trade by sea and by land in the Mississippi Valley region, California and the South-Eastern U.S.

Arawak and Mongol Carib Indians conflict in Caribbean Islands.

1 A.D. to 1000 A.D.

Egypt under Roman occupation. Black Khemitic culture still dominant in Egypt except in places where descendants of Jews, Greeks and others live.

Romans bring in people from the Arabian region into Egypt.

Nubian civilization continues to flourish : Natahamani is Pharoh from 12 B.C. to 12 A.D.

Period of about 400 B.C. to 200 A.D., African priests from Nubia and Khem (Egypt) teach science, art, technology and history to Demetrius of Phalere, Diodorus Cronos Hegesias, Eculid, Manethon, Aristachus of Somos, Archimedes, Sextus, Plutarchus, Plato, Aristius, Erathosthene, Claudius Maximus, St. Agustine and many others.

Thousands of ancient books written by Nubian Ethiopian and Khemite priests over thousands of years were copied during this period at Alexandria
Golden Era of Nubian civilization; large cities built. Temples, colleges and schools improved. Highly advanced arts and crafts. Nubians continue their maritime trade and commerce. Build strong army with expert archer regiments on horseback.

Nubia invaded by Axumites led by Azana in 325 A.D.
Axumite Empire is established in Ethiopia from about 200 B.C. to 800 A.D., as a continuation of the Black Sabean Empire of ancient times.
Ethiopia sees a Golden Age of culture, religion, trade, commerce from about 300 A.D. to 1100 A.D. During that period, huge churches carved out of solid cliff rock in the Lilebella Region of Ethiopia.
Ethiopians carry out trade and commercial activities with Nubians, other Africans, Greeks, Romans, Chinese, East Indians, South Africans, Swahili, Arabians and others.

Christianity officially established in Nubia and Ethiopia between 300 A.D. to 500 A.D. Christianity in its early forms reached Nubia and Ethiopia as early as the time of the Apostles and Ethiopian Eunuch. Judaism reached Ethiopia about the time of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, 950 to 1000 B.C.

Swahili city-states grow rich and powerful and continue an ancient tradition in trade and commerce that extends back to the time of Hatshepsut and Queen Ati of Punt. Swahili cities stretch from Somalia to Mozambique. Many are more than two thousand years by the time the Arabs and Persians arrive to trade in the Region (see Egyptian paintings of Hatshepsut’s expedition to Punt about 300 A.D. to 1000 A.D.)

Zimbabwe Empire spreads in Southern Africa. First stages of building of Zimbabwe stone enclosures begins about 300 B.C. Vakaranga People continues to expand buildings over much of Zimbabwe during the 1000’s to 1100’s A.D.
Shona People add to construction later on.

Zimbabwe Empire trades with Swahili, Chinese, coastal and interior Africans and other peoples.
Commodities traded include steel (the world’s first steel and the blast furnace to create steel was invented by the East Africans in Kenya about 200 B.C.). The trade in Zimbabwe also included gold, ivory, iron tools and weapons, rice, jewelry, cloth and manufactured products. Products were sold to China, India, Europe, the Middle East, Arabia (the famous “Damascus steel,” was created in Zimbabwe.


The ancient kingdoms of West Africa and West African culture itself has existed since prehistoric times. In fact, the earliest civilizations on earth, the Aquatic civilizations of the South western Sahara began over 20,000 years ago. They were master ship builders and practiced agriculture. They also may have made significant contributions to the building of advanced civilizations in the Americas, such as the Olmec and the Washitaw of the Mississippi, both ancient American cultures that show African influence from the West Africa/Sahara region.

Great kingdoms established as early as 3000 B.C., By 1500 B.C. kingdoms that gave rise to empires such as Oyo, Benin, Ashanti are established. They trade with Egyptians and other Africans as well as with people in the Americas.

West Africa enters a golden era between 400 B.C. to 1600 A.D.A number of kingdoms reemerge. They include Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Kanem Bornu, Kongo, Angola, Ashanti and others.

West African Kings

Tenkamenin King of Ghana 1000th Century
Tenkamenin was one of the Kings of Ghana who reigned when Ghana was going through another cultural renaissance.

Sunni Ali Ber 1464 to 1492.

He built the Songhai Empire into a large and powerful empire in West Africa and one of the richest on earth. He had a large army of full-time professional soldiers including horse and camel cavalry units. He captured Timbuktu (a magnificent city where books were manufactured, bought and sold and where students from all over the world studied) and the university city of Jenne, after a seven-year siege on the city of Jenne.

Askia Muhammed Toure 1493 to 1529

Askia Muhammed was a great leader and king. He was an honorable man and was righteous. During his reign, he created provinces out of his vast country and established an efficient system of administrators and judges. He lowered taxes making it easier for the common people to pay.

Affonso I, King of Kongo 1506 to 1540

Affonso I was the first African leader to begin the process of modernizing Africa. He encouraged the learning of a number of skills and subjects and established the most modern school system in Africa. Affonso ‘s objective was to create a powerful state that excelled in technology and knowledge. Affonso was against the slave trade and worked to stop it in his kingdom.

Idris Alooma Sultan of Bornu 1580 to 1670

The Kingom of Kanem-Bornu, near present-day Chad, was created through the union of two states, Kanem and Bornu. Aloma united these two states. He was a strong leader and had a large army with a cavalry of knights on horseback in armor. He also used muskets as one of his weapons.

Shamba Bolongongo (1600 to 1620)

King Shamba as one of the Greatest kings of the Congo region. His main objective was making sure peace was kept throughout his kingdom/
Shamba believed in the most highly cherished aspects of African religion, that being the right to live.
He created a very effective system of government, using the traditional system of African democratic traditions including checks and balances. Shamba’s government included sections such as the military, judicial, and administrative branches. During his reign, Shamba Bolongongo contributed to making the arts and crafts of the highest quality and level through his promotion and support.

Osei Tutu, Ashanti King; Ghana 1680 to 1717

The Ashanti are also remnants of people who lived in West Africa as well as people who migrated from the Sahara. Osei Tutu united the Ashanti People and established a strong military and trading nation. Ashantis were successful in defeating the British during the late 1800’s and they like the Dahomey (Benin) trained women soldiers in their armies. The British were able to defeat the Ashanti after many ears of warfare.

Powerful Nubian Christian Kingdoms of Mukuria, Nobadia and Alwa emerge from Nubian Empire.
Nubia enters crusades on side of Christians. Arabs defeated in Nubia by Emperor Kalydosos during the 600’s A.D., yet their attempt to infiltrate Nubia continues

Treaty holds till 1500’s A.D. until Arabs attack Funj Empire.

End of Nubian Kingdom after 10,000 years of existence.

Ethiopians in the Crusades while a religious renaissance takes place in the Ethiopian kingdom. They create rock-hewn churches, monastic traditions, writing of encyclopedias, books, scrolls, a tradition that extends earlier than the 500’s A.D.

Ethiopians defeat Gallas and Arabs; Turks defeated at Asmara during the 1500’s. Portuguese defeated.

Black African population dominant before Arab invasions:
Black population in Egypt is supplanted with people from the Arabian region. Mixed races dominate northern part of Egypt, Blacks dormant in the southern part. Islam gains a foothold in Egypt after invasion of 600’s. Coptics continue Christian tradition.

Malians send ships to the Americas between 1200 to 1300’s

Mali becomes powerful maritime trading empire: Abu Bakari sends 2000 ships to the Americas in 1305 to 1308.

More on West African Civilization, see “African Glory,” by J.C.deGraft-Johnson, pub. Black Classics Press, Baltimore MD.

712 A.D., Africans and Arabs conquer Sind, India; Black kings from the Ethiopian region rule the region.

Ganges, Ethiopian emperor, establishes an empire that stretches from Ethiopia to Ganges River in India.

Abraha Al-Ashram, ex-slave becomes emperor of Yemen and Ethiopia. He defends Yemeni Christians against Jews in 569 A.D.

Golden Era of Black Civilization (Khmer) in Cambodia (for more see )

From about 800 A.D. to 1300 A.D. Black Negroid Black Negro-Austaloid (also found in Bangladesh and other parts of India) and Negrito kingdoms dominate Cambodia and South East Asia. They include:

Chenla, 802 A.D. to 850 A.D.
Anghkor, 802 A.D. to 1431 A.D.
Champa 100 a.d. to 1200 A.D.
(see also the book, “African Presence in Early Asia,” by Ivan Van Sertima; Transaction Publishers)

Blacks of SE Asia trade with East Africa, India,

500 A.D. to 1185 A.D. Yamato Clan rules Japan; Reforms in Japanese government around 645 A.D.
700 a.d. to 1000 A.D., Classic Age of Japanese culture, art, literature.

Feudal Age in Japan
Samurais take power
Chinese use gunpowder
1274 – Mongol invasion of Japan repelled.

1404 Chinese trade with Asia and
with Africa continues

Onin War; feudalism in Japan 1467 to 1477
Portuguese visit Japan in 1543
Other Europeans visit Japan

Chinese Admiral Chengo Ho visits East Africa in a great fleet of Chinese ships. African ships from Mediterranean Region continue 3000 years of trade and visits ot China.

Marco Polo in India 1288 to 1293 A.D.; He visits China in 1269 A.D.
Mongol Dynasty of China 1260 to 1328
Portuguese visit Canton 1517

400’s A.D. Romans withdraw troops from parts of Europe. The fall of the Roman Empire commences in the West.

Europe enters Dark Ages (400’s to 711 for Spain/Iberia) 400’s to 1000’s rest of Europe.

711 A.D. Black Moors from Senegal led by their General Gabel Tarik, invade Spain and Portugal.
They introduce science, art, technology, agricultural sciences, animal husbandry, the university and college system, new methods of maintaining hygiene.

First Arab invasion (white Semitic Arabs) of Spain occurs in the 1000’s

Black Moors make Spain Europe’s most advanced nation and sets the seeds for the renaissance in Spain. Spain declines after 1492, when Black Moors and Arabs, Jews are expelled to Africa and the Americas.

Black Moorish noblemen begin many European aristocratic families (their heads are usually on the family crests of names such as Moore).

Astrology, mechanics, chemistry, geology, early robotics, optics and many sciences are introduced by Black Moors.

Charlemagne’s Empire in Western Europe begins in 814 A.D.

1066 A.D. Normans conquer England.
Crusades against Muslims in the Palestine
Black Moors still in Spain, they spread over Europe and contribute to European cultural development.
Moors build universities in Toledo and Salamanca, Spain.

Moorish Spain flourishes along with Italy. Various massive buildings, cities, castles, forts are built using African Moorish architecture (still common in Senegal, Mauritania and Morocco)

1488 Portuguese sail to Africa
Conflicts between Goths and Moors.
Conflicts between Black Moors and Arabs in Spain.

Italian city-states grow in power. They trade with other nations and build their wealth.

European Renaissance

European Renaissance takes place around 1400 to 1600’s A.D. due to Black Moorish technological input and scientific contributions to Spain and the rest of Europe.

Moors expelled from Spain; many went to southern France and other parts of Europe, the vast majority return to Africa, others go to the Americas or are shipped there as slaves.

Columbus hears of African voyages to Americas from Moors . In 1492, he sails to Cape Verde Region (near Senegal) stocks his ships and sails to the Americas led by his ship’s captain, the Christianized Black Moor named Alfonso Nino

Africans from West Africa sail to the Americas and trade with American Indians of the Caribbean, South America, Mexico and the Southern U.S.

Africans and Aztecs establish trade during the reign of Quaquapitzuak (African Presence in Early America: Van Sertima)

Trade in almaizer cloth, iron and glass beads, vegetables and fruits including corn and cotton, trade in guanin (gold, copper silver alloy.

Africans trade with South America, Colombia and Panama on the very day that Columbus arrives in the West Indies.

Mandinkas and other Africans continue their centuries-old trade with Indians. Trade bases in South America, Caribbean , Mexico, California, S.W. United States, Cahokia region of South East U.S.

Arawak Indians of Caribbean and the Black Kalifunami (ancient Mandinkas seafarers who sailed to the Americas) unite in West Indies and bring about new group of people called “Black Caribs.

Inca civilization in Peru; various American Indian kingdoms including Cahokia, Pueblo culture, Black Washitaw Moundbuilders.
Black Jamassee Nation of the South-eastern U.S.
African ships trade with Peru.

1200’s A.D. Mongol Caribs attack Arawaks in South America initiating a period of attacks on Arawaks that lasts until the coming of Columbus in 1492.

Columbus in Bahamas looking for gold; Indians tell him that African merchants were selling gold and cloth in the region and had come to the region from the Southwest.



1. Civilization or Barbarism, by Cheikh Antah Diop, pub. by Lawrence Hill Books, Chicago, IL.

2. Egypt Revisited, by Ivan Van Sertima; pub. by Transaction Publishers, New Bruinswick, NJ

3. The African Origin of Civilization, by Cheikh Antah Diop; pub. by Lawrence Hill Books, Chicago, Il. U.S.A

4. Susu Economics: The History of Pan-African Trade, Commerce, Money and Wealth: pub. by 1stbooks Library, Bloomington, Indiana U.S.A.

5. A History of the African-Olmecs; pub by 1stbooks Library, Bloomington, Indiana U.S.A.

6. The Black Untouchables of India; pub. by Clarity Press, Atlanta Georgia U.S.A.

7. African Glory by J.C. deGraff-Johnson; afterword by John Henrik Clarke: pub. by Black Classics Press, Baltimore MD. U.S.A

8. African Presence in Early America; by Ivan Van Sertima: Transaction Publishers, New Bruinswick, New Jersey U.S.A.

9. Pillars of Ethiopian History by William Leo Hansberry: published by Howard Univ. Press
Washington D.C., U.S.A.

10. Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization, by Anthony T. Browder; pub. by Institute of Karmic Guidance, Washington D.C. U.S.A

11. General History of Africa Ancient Civilizations of Africa Vol. II, Edt. by James Curry and M. Mokhtar; UNESCO; University of California Press

12. The Columbus Conspiracy, by Michael Bradley: pub. by A&B Book Publishers, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.

13. The Black Discovery of America, by Michael Bradley: pub by Personal Library, Toronto, Canada

14. Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Kushite Empire, by Drucilla Dunjee Houston: published by Black Classis Press, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A

15. Susu and Susunomics: The Theory and Practice of Pan-African Economic, Racial and Cultural Self-Preservation: pub by also available at California, U.S.A.

16. 100 Amazing Facts About the Negro, With Complete Proof, by J.A.Rogers: Helga Rogers Publishers, St. Petersburg, Florida, U.S.A.

See also Return to Glory

A Response: PBS “Race”: A History Of Racism



March 25, 2007



Some doctrines of racial supremacy as classically taught
in Euro/American institutions, textbooks and media:

PHYSICAL CALIBRATION DOCTRINE: In which white anthropologists treat people as racial specimens, measuring “cephalic indices” and attempting to prove superiority of the “white” brain. Ugly racist terminology: “prognathism,” “platyrhiny,” “steatopygous,” “sub-Egyptian.” Mug-shot lineups of “the Veddan female,” “Arapaho male, “Negroid type,” “Mongoloid specimen” chacterize this approach. Out of favor in the mid-20th-century, it has enjoyed a revisionist comeback with sociobiology and works claiming racial differentials in intelligence, such as “The Bell Curve.”

TECHOLOGICAL CALIBRATION DOCTRINE: Insists on forcing archaeological finds as well as living cultures into a grid of “development” based on the use of certain tools, materials and techniques valued by “Western” scholars. Example: “They were a stone age civilization who never discovered the wheel!” Forces cultures into a progressional paradigm: Old and New Stone Ages, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Industrial Revolution, Space Age. This classification ignores the complexity of culture, and the fact that metallurgic technology and military might are not the ultimate measure of advanced culture.

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT DOCTRINE: The assumption that “primitive” cultures represent lower “stages” in historical evolution, and have yet to attain advanced forms of culture. One English scholar referred to “the child-races of Africa.” Usually, social hierarchy, militarization and industrialization are taken as measures of “advanced” civilizations. In the 19th century, scholars openly used the terms “savage,” “barbarian,” “civilized.” Though these offensive words have (mostly) been dropped, the underlying assumptions are still quite influential. (For a good discussion of how the insistence on talking about “tribes” distorts African history, see )

SPREAD OF CIVILIZATION DOCTRINE: Credits all achievements to conquering empires, assuming their superiority in science, technology, and government. Adherents are usually incapable of perceiving advanced earth-friendly systems of land management, agronomy, medicine, collective social welfare networks, healing, astronomical knowledge, or profound philosophical traditions of peoples considered “primitive” by dominant “Western” standards.

PASSING OF THE TORCH DOCTRINE: Claims a chain of cultural transmission from Mesopotamia and Egypt to Greece to Rome to western Europe to the USA, leaving vast gaps where the history of the rest of the world should be. (The discussion never returns to Egypt or Iraq to consider what happened there after the fall of their ancient empires.) Most of the planet’s cultures are discussed only in relation to the European conquest, if mentioned at all. As a result, few people have any idea of the history of Sumatra, Honduras, Niger, Ecuador, Mozambique, Ohio, Hokkaido, Samoa, or even European countries such as Lithuania or Bosnia.

IF IT WAS GREAT, IT MUST HAVE BEEN WHITE: If advanced science, art, or architecture is found in Africa or South America, then Phoenecians, Greeks, Celts, Vikings (or, in the extreme case, space aliens) must be invoked to explain their presence. (Here, whiteness often functions as a relative concept, as “lighter than.”) This bias gives rise to a pronounced tendency to date American or African cultures later than warranted, and as a result dating is constantly having to be revised further back into the past as evidence of greater antiquity piles up.

Corollary: IF IT WAS WHITE, IT MUST HAVE BEEN GREAT. Thus, the conqueror Charlemagne was a great man, in spite of his genocidal campaign against the Saxons, but the Asian conquerors Attila the Hun and Genghis Khan were simply evil. Stereotypes of head-hunters picture Africans (in the absence of any evidence for the practice) but never Celtic head-hunters in France and Britain — much less Lord Kitchener making off with the Mahdi’s skull in Sudan, or U.S. settlers taking scalps and body parts of Indian people. This doctrine also underlies the common assumption that European conquest must have improved life for subject peoples.

A 19th century French engraving
imagines the conquest of Algeria as a
showering of the benefits of superior civilization
on abject, genuflecting North Africans.

IF IT WAS NOT WHITE, AND ITS GREATNESS IS UNDENIABLE, THEN IT MUST BE DEPRECATED IN SOME WAY: Example:The Epic of Man, published in the ’60s by Time/Life Books, says of the advanced civilization of ancient Pakistan: “It is known that a static and sterile quality pervaded Indus society.” It used to be the academic fashion to call ancient Egypt a “moribund” civilization which “stifled creativity.” Similar writings dismissed the “Incas” (Quechua) as “totalitarian,” or the Chinese as “isolated” and “resistant to change.”

The AFRICAN GAP DOCTRINE: After examining the first humans hundreds of thousands of years ago, this historical approach completely skips over most of the African archaeological record. It discusses ancient Egypt but ascribes its civilization to “the Middle East,” denying its African identity and archaeological connections with Saharan and southern Nilotic civilizations. Saharan civilization, Ile-Ife or Mwanamutapa are not discussed at all. Africa is simply dropped from historical consideration until the era of European slaving and colonization.

The BERING STRAIT DOCTRINE insists that all indigenous American peoples came across a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska, filtering down through Central America into South America. Problem: numerous archaeological sites in the Americas predate any possible Bering Strait migration by many thousands of years. Access from Alaska to the rest of North America was blocked for millennia by two great ice sheets that covered Canada. An narrow opening that might have allowed passage appeared much too late (about 13,500 years ago) to explain the growing evidence that people were living in both North and South America much earlier than these “first” migrations.

By 1997-98, the tide of opinion began to turn: several scientific conclaves declared that a majority of attending scholars rejected the Bering Strait theory as a full explanation of how the Americas were peopled.The long-doctrinal hypothesis of Clovis hunters as the first immigrants is crumbling before the new dating, as hundreds of pre-Clovis sites pile up: Cactus Hill, Virginia (13,500 BP); Meadowcroft Rock Shelter in Pennsylvania (14,000 – 17,000 Before Present); Monte Verde (12,500 BP); Pedra-Furada, Brazil (15,000 BP, and possibly as old as 32,000 BP).

Bering Strait diehards discount the oral histories of indigenous Americans, such as Hopi accounts of migrations across “stepping-stones” in the Pacific. In spite of the huge diversity among the American peoples and differences between most Americans and east Asians, all are declared to be of “Mongoloid racial origin.” After the initial press stampede declaring “Kennewick Man” to be “white,” study of the genetic evidence shows something entirely different. Instead, it appears that there have been several waves of migration: from central China, from the ancient Jomon culture of Japan, from south Asia or the Pacific islands. And “Luzia,” an 11,500-year-old female skeleton in Brazil “appeared to be more Negroid in its cranial features than Mongoloid,” in the stodgy anthropological terminology of the New York Times (Nov 9, 1999). But there is also a uniquely North American X-haploid group of mitochondrial DNA, which could uphold American Indian traditions of origins in North America.


STEREOTYPING entire peoples as mad, uncontrollable threats: “Wild Indians,” “Yellow Hordes” or “the Yellow Peril.” As inferior nonhumans: “primitives,” “savages,” “gooks,” “niggers” — this last term used not only against African-Americans, but also by English colonizers of Egypt and India. Even the word “natives,” which originally meant simply the people born in a country and by extension the aboriginal inhabitants, took on heavy racist coloration as an inferior Other.

POLARIZATION: “Scientific thought” vs. “primitive belief”; “undeveloped” vs “civilized”; or “the world’s great religions” vs. “tribal superstitions,” “cults,” “idolatry” or “devil-worship.” Depending on where it was created, a sculpture could either be a “masterpiece of religious art” or an “idol,” “fetish,” or “devil.” Few people realize that “Western” scientists did not match the accuracy of ancient Maya calculations of the length of the solar year until the mid-20th century.

Indians who resist colonization and land theft are commonly portrayed as evil in popular media, which applies negative labels such as “Renegades.”

RENAMING: Dutch colonists called the Khoi-khoi people “Hottentots” (stutterers). Russians called the northwest Siberian Nentsy “Samoyed” (cannibals). These are blatant examples, but many nationalities are still called by unflattering names given by their enemies: “Sioux” (Lakota); “Miao” (Hmong); “Lapps” (Saami); “Basques” (Euskadi); “Eskimos” (Inuit). European names have replaced the originals in many places: Nigeria, Australia, New Caledonia, New Britain, etc. (But “Rhodesia” bit the dust.)

DEGRADATION OF MEANINGS: “Mumbo jumbo” has become a cliché signifying meaningless superstitions, but it comes from a Mandinke word — mama dyambo — for a ritual staff bearing the image of a female ancestor. (Look it up in any good dictionary.) “Fetish” now connotes an obsessive sexual fixation, but originated as a Portuguese interpretation of sacred West African images as “sorcery” (feitição). The holy city of Islam is often appropriated in phrases like “a Mecca for shoppers.”

DOUBLE-THINK: Conquest becomes “unification,” “pacification,””opening up,” and conquered regions are dubbed “protectorates.” The convention is to use Europe as the standard, writing texts from the viewpoint of the conquerors / colonizers. Thus, a Rajasthani rebellion against English rule was termed the “Indian Mutiny.” A peculiarity of this thinking is the tendency to refer to times of bloody invasions and enslavement with respectful affection, as in “The Golden Age of Greece” and “The Glory That Was Rome,” or “How the West Was Won.” British subjugation of southern Nigeria is recast as The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the Lower Niger.

A contributor toMen Become Civilized, edited by Trevor Cairns explains it all to children:

“When the king of one city conquered others, he would have to make sure that all the people in all the cities knew what to do. He would have to see that they all had rules to follow, so that they would live peacefully together.”

Double-think finds ways to recast genocide as regrettable but necessary, due to failings of the people being killed, who are somehow unable to “adapt.” Distancing the agent is key here, obscuring the violence with the idea that some kind of natural process is at work: “vanishing races,” “by that time the Indians had disappeared.”


Hollywood tomtoms beat as fake Indians jump up and down, uttering brainless cries and grunts. There’s the “squaw” complex in literature and cinema, the faithful Indian sidekick, and Robinson Crusoe’s “Man Friday.” John Wayne as the Western movie hero, saying: “There’s humans and then there’s Comanches.” Or in real life, justifying settler theft of Indian countries: “There were great numbers of people who needed new land, and the Indians were selfishly trying to keep it for themselves.”

This picture appeared in an ad for insurance.
Advertising is an important transmitter of historical misrepresentation. It draws on colonial mythologies such as the notion that the Dutch “bought” Manhattan for the equivalent of $24 in trade goods –in spite of the fact that the Indians did not think of land as something that could be sold. The role of violence (including massacres after which Staten Island settlers played football with the heads of slaughtered people known today only as Wappingers) is completely obliterated.

Tarzan goes up against witch doctors and eye-rolling African chiefs. The Caribbean shown as full of fearful, superstitious natives and zombies, Arabs who have nothing to do all day but loll around in harems, or cheat the white hero. Seductive Suzie Wongs, thieving Mexicans, and shiftless and sexually insatiable African-Americans. Movies depicting the Chinese as obsequious and deceitful, Arabs as treacherous, Africans as ignorant and barbaric.


The Mande were farming millet and other crops in West Africa in 6500-5000 BCE.

Temples in Peru and India are much older than the Parthenon.

People in Mississippi, Illinois and Mexico traded with each other and exchanged ideas and symbols, as the the sea-faring Ecuadorians did with Costa Rica and western Mexico.

A small-statured Black people built the oldest civilization in southeast Asia, leaving megalithic temples and statuary in south India, Cambodia, Sumatra and other Indonesian islands.

Archaeology shows that the formative influences on ancient Egypt came from Sudan and the Sahara, not the “Middle East.”

The oldest megalithic calendar in the world has recently been discovered in the Egyptian Sahara, dating back to 7000 years ago. European megaliths (which spread from the south) may have an African origin.

Polynesian mariners had begun navigating by the stars and settling the vast ocean expanses of the Pacific islands before the time of Moses.


In the last half century the boundaries of “acceptable” history have been expanded by a multidisciplinary approach, including sources previously dismissed: orature (oral tradition), linguistics, anthropology, social history, art, music and other cultural sources. More recently, the social locations of historians have come under consideration as a factor shaping their perspectives, along with a sense that there is no absolutely “objective” view of history. Past claims of objectivity have biases clearly visible today, notably in siding with European settlers and slavers against non-christian cultures, and the almost total eclipse of female acts and experience from historical accounts.

A reader who might react negatively to a blatant expression of racism often misses perceiving one cloaked in scholarly language, in assumptions, judgements and misinformation most people have not been educated to catch. It does not occur to many people to question a pronounced overemphasis on Europe, the smallest continent (actually, a subcontinent of Asia.) If a chapter or two on African and Asian history is inserted in a textbook, publishers go ahead and call it a world history. Typically, media depictions of history have not caught up with information now available in specialized academic sources, and continue to present the old stereotypes and distortions as fact.

More on Racism, History and Lies


In the early ’90s a hue and cry was raised in the national media against “multiculturalism.” It threatened the very foundations of Western Civilization, explained an outpouring of magazine articles and newspaper columns which shed much heat but little light. A Newsweek cover blared: “THOUGHT POLICE: There’s a ‘Politically Correct’ Way to Talk About Race, Sex and Ideas. Is This the New Enlightenment — Or the New McCarthyism?” As if this wasn’t heavy-handed enough, it adds a warning, “Watch What You Say.” (December 24, 1990)

“In U.S. classrooms, battles are flaring over values that are almost a reverse image of the American mainstream. As a result, a new intolerance is on the rise.” William A. Henry III, “Upside Down in the Groves of Academe”, Time Magazine, April 1, 1991

“‘It used to be thought that ideas transcend race, gender and class, that there are such things as truth, reason, morality and artistic excellence, which can be understood and aspired to by everyone, of whatever race, gender or class.’ Now we have democracy in the syllabus, affirmative action in the classroom. ‘No one believes in greatness.’ Bate says mournfully. ‘That’s gone.'” Op-Ed, New York Times Magazine, by Gertrude Himmelfarb, June 5, 1991

“If there is insufficient authentic African culture to meet the demands of self-esteem, then culture must be borrowed from ancient Egypt. No black pharaohs? A few must be invented. Not enough first-rate women poets? Let second-raters be taught instead.” James Kilpatrick, “Poisoning the Groves of Academe,” San Francisco Chronicle, April 15, 1991

The assumption that were are no great women poets, no black pharaohs, no other greatness than the usual diet of “Western Civilization” is so ingrained that it is regarded as incontrovertible. Protesting the monochrome, all-male landscape of classic pedagogy becomes “intolerance.” But what then are we to call the refusal to open up media and educational horizons to the full spectrum of human achievement?


A response to John Baines’ review (August 11, 1991) of Cheikh Anta Diop’s Civilization or Barbarism and Martin Bernal’s Black Athena:

To the Editor, New York Times Book Review:

Mr. Baines’ review of Diop and Bernal express alarm that their books “attack modern conceptions of the origins of Western Civilization” by showing the anteriority of African (especially Egyptian) achievements. It seems to me that he would like to deny the context of the whole discussion, which has been centuries of exalting the Greeks as the fount of Western Civilization and denying the role of Africa in the ancient world. Egypt is treated as part of the “Middle East,” and her relations with the rest of Africa ignored. In this context, to demand an “intellectual contribution that will stand without reference to issues of race” is to perpetuate an injurious status quo.

This denial is especially ludicrous in the frequently-heard claim that because Egyptians were “ethnically mixed,” they were not black. Southern African peoples are ethnically mixed, yet it would occur to no one that they are other than black. More to the point, if an ancient Egyptian were to find herself in the United States, she would fall within the range of colors we describe as “black.” This business of reddish-brown-skinned men and golden-skinned women was a convention in Egyptian art (and one adopted by the Cretans, Greek vases, and Etruscans, bearing out the hypothesis of Egyptian influence). If Mr. Baine wants to take the golden women as a racial marker for light-skinned Egyptians, is he also willing to concede dark-brown-skinned Etruscan men? His claim that considering the race of the Egyptians is “unhelpful”–and the many others who declare it irrelevant–is coy and evasive.

Max Dashu, Suppressed Histories Archives

[The Times did not publish this letter.]


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March 25, 2007


Cocaine In Mummies

By Master Naba Lamoussa Morodenibig


This is not a new “discovery”; the substance commonly known as cocaine is inside African mummies even though they have been dead 10,000 years before th supposed discovery of America. And when our “teachers” are forced to admit that they hvae been lying to us for the last 2000 years, they try to announce that this was not very important.

All these situations of lies and deceit now are forcing even the most naive souls into asking themselves questions about the kind of future the tenants of this system are preparing for us. For years now, I have been loudly crying to whoever wants to listen that there is a conspiracy against the whole humanity, and this conspiracy is not necessarily organized by people against each other or a race against another race. This conspiracy is the work of a small group of individuals that believe they are masters of the universe and they are using our own racial and cultural differences to put us against each other.

Archeology as a scientific discipline is a few centures old and it has helped to solidify the enslavement of people of color. Using the scientific facade, it has studied the weak points and strong points of diverse people and helped establish strategies of domination. Archeolgy has never written the history of people. It has re-written much of it, supported by the “logic” of cultural imperialism. It is in this context that the images of pharaohs and priests of pyramids have not been shown to the public until recently, because archeology was struggling to re-write the history of Black people. And in this context, there was a big problem to be solved: a long time after they have “proven” to the world that pharaohs were white people, archeology found itself with mummies of pharaohs that were all black and negroid!

Science, until the last few years, was the arrow head of an ideology of the elimination of other people. Science, by trying to wipe out the history of Black people, simply was trying to find logical excuses to slavery and teh barbaric acts that were done against Blacks…

Oh yes! The African temples, the priests, and the pharaohs were using cocaine, and this was since 70,000 years ago. Lets not forget that the cocaine plant only grows in America and nowhere else! Christopher Columbus, while coming in this direction, knew that he was not going to India. There are maps of the world that are over 20,000 years old on which you can see the continent of America! Columbus’ journey took him in a straight line in the southwest of his harbor, the exact direction of South America (the place where Africans were going to get cocaine). Why so many lies??? Hey, this is where the intellectual trap is visible: Christopher Columbus discovered America just like how I discovered it a few years ago. It will be dishonest for anybody to try to make an ideological issue of this fact. My intention in this article is not to rejuvenate the interracial polemic, but maybe to bring a healing to all people by daring to attack the real responsibles for the lies – the ones that think they gain by opposing people against each other. One cannot build the future of humanity by denying people the truth about their place in history.

The truth frees. Every time that, for one reason or another, one lies, one falls into an infernal cycle of having to lie to cover the previous lie. It is in this context that on one of the television channels that is pretending to be interested in discovering the world, there was an archeologist with a certain reputatin placed in front of the big Olmec statues that even a blind person will agree are negro heads, and the archeologist announced that despite the fact that the statues have a flat nose, thick lips and curly hair that were of black stone, it was not representing the Black man of America!! For months I kept asking myself if it was a scientific archeologist or the idealistic archelogist that was sent to rewrite history.

For the explorers of the fifteenth century, it was normal to call the continent we today call America, Melanesia, meaning “land of the Black man”, simply because the America of today was the country of the Black man. Slavery on the Black man did not start in Africa; it started by enslaving the Black man of Melanesia, meaning America. This is what gave birth to what historians are now calling the “triangular commerce” – the practice of bringing Black people from Africa to help those enslaved here on one hand, and taking sugar and rum to Europe and household goods to Africa on the other. For “science” ideology, recognizing that the Olmec statues are negro statues would be to recognize that the American continent belongs to the Black man. The Black man came to America as a master, not as a slave. This is the truth that is a bit too heavy to admit, especially when the liar is starting to believe his own lies. There is an African proverb that says that when a pot is leaking, it makes no sense to blame the stove because a leaking pot will leak on any stove. One cannot keep trying to fix the stove while we know thta it ist he pot that has a hole in it.

Now even the scientific discipline cannot dare define itself as an intellectual adventure. It has lost its universal nature – if it ever had one. Everytihng is a lie since Pythagoras, the Thales that claimed they were authors of theories that were existing thousands of years before their birth to modern medicine that is trying to convince us that it has raised the level of life expectancy (of course by betting on the new definition that they are giving to longevity). All this is what keeps us far away from spiritual purity that we are looking for.

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March 25, 2007


Dravidian, Mande and Elamite


Clyde Winters

In this Web page we learn about the linguistic relationship between the Dravdian, Mande, Elamite and Sumerian languages.




Clyde A. Winters

A genealogical relationship exist between the Black African, Dravidian, Elamite and Sumerian languages. This is not surprising because African languages were used by Rawlinson, to decipher the cuneiform script.

We must consider the historical link between languages assumed to possess a genealogical relationship, although they are separated by thousands of miles. The anthropological factors involved in determining a genealogical relationship is the scientific study of the cognate origin, and the physical, social and cultural development and behavior of related groups. This has already been done in the earlier chapters in regards to the

Black African, Puntite and Dravidian languages. We have already shown that there is a connection between the basic vocabularies and identical constituent structures and grammatical categories.

The Elamites, Dravidians, Sumerians and Manding are all of

Proto-Saharan origin . In the history of mankind they were called the Kushites . Testimony of the great heritage of the Kushites, resulted from their boldness in trade and seafaring expeditions. The authors of ancient Indian literature claimed that the Kushites ruled the world for 7000 years. According to Epiphanies, the age of the Kushites extended from the Flood to the age of Terah, the father of Abraham, the prophet of the Jews and Muslims.

In the ancient inscriptions of Africa and Asia the Kushites were called many names including Kush, and Ethiopian by the Greeks and Romans. In Sumerian inscriptions the Kushites were called Meluha=Kasi Books on this topic

There are several books that discuss the ancient Afrocentric world, including W.E.B.DuBois’: Negro and The World and Africa; John G. Jackson, Introduction to African Civilizations; and Chiekh Anta Diop’s : The African Origin of Civilization, and Civilization of Barbarism. All of these books can be obtained by ordering directly from:

If you have comments or suggestions, email me at

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March 21, 2007



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Original Jews were black or africans? « previous next »
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Author Topic: Original Jews were black or africans? (Read 1371 times)


Posts: 13

Original Jews were black or africans?
« on: August 10, 2006, 09:20:11 AM »


Can anyone shead light on this statement or prove it to be false?



Posts: 22

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #1 on: September 19, 2006, 09:30:20 AM »


I truely believe that Africans were the orginal Jews which is known as Hebrews that lives in Northeast Africa and some other parts like Uganda.


natural blacks
Junior Member

Posts: 138

Blackheart Man

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #2 on: September 19, 2006, 11:27:24 AM »


From my studies, the supposed birth of “Moses” was before the first recorded foreign visitors to Alkebu-lan [1675 BCE]. So the jews must have been black then, and are black now. Where does that leave thousands of “semitic” rabbis around the world? Lost and tagged as thieves.

And why should we call them “original” jews? They are the jews… Haribu people.

Yanks & Ises. Love & Joy. Rasta Live.



History has shown that it is the inaction of those who could’ve acted; the indifference of those who should’ve known better; the silence of the voice of justice when it mattered most that has made it possible for evil to triumph. – EMPEROR HAILE SELASSIE I


Posts: 22

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #3 on: September 20, 2006, 01:25:44 PM »


That is true natural blacks, but the white man want to take our religions away and make it to his own.


Truth is
AfricaSpeaks Member

Posts: 4

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #4 on: September 26, 2006, 04:38:01 AM »


The Jews are not the original inhabitants of Africa nor are they the chosen peopl of the bible that we have read about. They are people of russian/turkish descent and gained entrance to Isral by way of a treaty or something like that. (Aknazian) I don’t know how to spell it correctly but check it out. Check out the date for the entrance of the Jews to Israel. The original chosen people were African. The people that you see and read about are imposters.


Truth is
AfricaSpeaks Member

Posts: 4

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #5 on: September 26, 2006, 04:58:38 AM »


Ashkenazi Jew, I believe it was 1948 Check this out …… Aliyah
The State of Israel will be open for Jewish immigration and the ingathering of exiles; it will foster the development of the country for the benefit of all inhabitants; it will be based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel…

From the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, 1948 …….

Law of Return 5710-1950
Right of aliyah** 1. Every Jew has the right to come to this country as an oleh**.

Oleh’s visa 2. (a) Aliyah shall be by oleh’s visa.
(b) An oleh’s visa shall be granted to every Jew who has expressed his desire to settle in Israel, unless the Minister of Immigration is satisfied that the applicant

I hope this helps


Truth is
AfricaSpeaks Member

Posts: 4

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #6 on: September 26, 2006, 05:06:41 AM »


The Balfour Declaration
November 2, 1917During the First World War, British policy became gradually committed to the idea of establishing a Jewish home in Palestine (Eretz Yisrael). After discussions in the British Cabinet, and consultation with Zionist leaders, the decision was made known in the form of a letter by Arthur James Lord Balfour to Lord Rothschild. The letter represents the first political recognition of Zionist aims by a Great Power.

Check this out, please read further about the balfour declaration



Posts: 22

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #7 on: September 26, 2006, 10:02:50 AM »


Quote from: Truth is on September 26, 2006, 04:38:01 AM

The Jews are not the original inhabitants of Africa nor are they the chosen peopl of the bible that we have read about. They are people of russian/turkish descent and gained entrance to Isral by way of a treaty or something like that. (Aknazian) I don’t know how to spell it correctly but check it out. Check out the date for the entrance of the Jews to Israel. The original chosen people were African. The people that you see and read about are imposters.

Truth is,

I am afraid that you are right! The original chosen people were Africans and the sad thing about it is that a lot of our people are worshipping white Jesus!

I just know that the ones whom rewrote it and put it into their own words are imposters!



Posts: 13

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #8 on: September 28, 2006, 02:09:55 PM »


Quote from: natural blacks on September 19, 2006, 11:27:24 AM
From my studies, the supposed birth of “Moses” was before the first recorded foreign visitors to Alkebu-lan [1675 BCE]. So the jews must have been black then, and are black now. Where does that leave thousands of “semitic” rabbis around the world? Lost and tagged as thieves.

And why should we call them “original” jews? They are the jews… Haribu people.

Yanks & Ises. Love & Joy. Rasta Live.

Hotep Natural Blacks,

Indeed I agree with your point about not calling them the ‘original’ jews, because they are in fact the jews. The reason why I label them as such, is to provide clarity to our brothers and sister who are not aware of this. If you ask the average person walking on the street who are the jews, I bet 99 out of 100 people would tell you the askenazim or sepharim jews are the jews. It angers me, to know the truth and have so many of our people misinformed. It angers me further to have those who we try to enlighten not care.

I guess the kybalion teaches us best: “The lips of Wisdom are closed, except to the ears of Understanding.”



Posts: 1

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #9 on: November 18, 2006, 11:11:57 AM »



Have anyone heard about the South African Lembas who say they have Jewish ancestry? Here’s a quote from a study that was done to establish the genetics of the Lemba:

“The Center for Genetic Anthropology, Departments of Biology and Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

The Lemba are a traditionally endogamous group speaking a variety of Bantu languages who live in a number of locations in southern Africa. They claim descent from Jews who came to Africa from “Sena.” “Sena” is variously identified by them as Sanaa in Yemen, Judea, Egypt, or Ethiopia. A previous study using Y-chromosome markers suggested both a Bantu and a Semitic contribution to the Lemba gene pool, a suggestion that is not inconsistent with Lemba oral tradition. To provide a more detailed picture of the Lemba paternal genetic heritage, we analyzed 399 Y chromosomes for six microsatellites and six biallelic markers in six populations (Lemba, Bantu, Yemeni-Hadramaut, Yemeni-Sena, Sephardic Jews, and Ashkenazic Jews). The high resolution afforded by the markers shows that Lemba Y chromosomes are clearly divided into Semitic and Bantu clades. Interestingly, one of the Lemba clans carries, at a very high frequency, a particular Y-chromosome type termed the “Cohen modal haplotype,” which is known to be characteristic of the paternally inherited Jewish priesthood and is thought, more generally, to be a potential signature haplotype of Judaic origin. The Bantu Y-chromosome samples are predominantly (>80%) YAP+ and include a modal haplotype at high frequency. Assuming a rapid expansion of the eastern Bantu, we used variation in microsatellite alleles in YAP+ sY81-G Bantu Y chromosomes to calculate a rough date, 3,000-5,000 years before the present, for the start of their expansion.”

Please also check the following:

“Many “educated” people outside Europe/USA know a lot about Europe and Euro-America, but have less interest in peoples outside Europe/Euro-America, including their own people. Many Africans prize a “western” education but know little of Africans on the other side of their continent.

World knowledge of the Jewish diaspora is no exception to the Eurocentric rule. Most people (sadly including people of color) who have no contact with Jewish communities of color picture Jews as white Europeans. In actuality, the Jewish communities of Africa and Asia had dominated the Jewish intellectual and cultural scene in antiquity.

The following paragraphs will focus on non-European-origin Jewish communities in Africa. Ashkenazi and Ladino Jewish communities on African continent will not be covered in this article, except for their association with African Mizrahi communities. ”

Stepping humbly,
Empress Yikona
(Algerian and Moroccan Jewish roots)


Junior Member

Posts: 188

somewhere in the cosmos and realm of the ancestors

Read people read!
« Reply #10 on: February 17, 2007, 11:01:18 PM »


read people read reaD!




” comer thee,all,leaves of the same branch,branch of the same trees,nurtured by the waters and rivers of africa,come to work with us,tiredlessly,towards a non racial governance”
by robert magaleso subukwe, south africa


Posts: 14

Re: Original Jews were black or africans?
« Reply #11 on: February 18, 2007, 02:24:17 PM »


Well, Isreal is right next to Africa, and they escaped out of Egypt, and Egypt is in Africa, so… makes sense. How often does the first testament refer to places in Africa or that were once there?
Yeah, my father and his side of the family avoid pork, celebrate/observe Passover, observe the Sabbath, but not Hanukkah. I have no idea how to spell that word, I know.
I never really understood why I preferred to be called “Isrealite” instead of “Isreali”, but now I recognize the differences. European Jews tend to have names that have Russian, Polish and German influences in them, understandably. I don’t know how diluted the Hebrew language is in the Ethiopian Jewish communities, so I can’t say anything about that.
My name is Hebrew (My dad wanted one ‘s’ so my name is Hadasah). I don’t practice any religion, though. Too much conflict over something so unnecessary. It’s not like the Middle East sounds like a great place to live right now, so of course one can’t be surprised at the lack of enthusiasm. =/ I only know what I know because I decided to ask my mom where did I come from. It changed my life forever, but only because I cared to know.
Anyway, I don’t like the idea of black people worshipping a white dude, either. Before you know it you’ll have black dudes buying extensions so that they can have those curls on the sides of their face.


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March 17, 2007


Theology Tethers: The Whitewashed Whoring of Christianity

Visit the “Any City” Reality-Based Black Christian Church

A large burly Black man sands in the pew of a Christian Church holding a Service Hymnal in his hand. The church pews are filled with parishioners dressed in their Sunday’s finest attire including manicured diamond studded fingernails and Italian made shoes. The mixture of expensive colognes fill the air. The Sunday worship service has been called to order by Reverend Pork Chop. At that moment a male parishioner’s tongue and larynx automatically start working overtime as the song director stands before the congregation.

The man’s vocal cords tighten. His silk tie drapes his Armoi suit and tightens like a noose around his neck. The sound from his larynx gets higher and higher. As his head bobs up and down, his diamond-studded ear reflects a light prism that would blind your eyes. His lips part. All you can see are his gold tootha’s. Air is forced suddenly over his vocal cords, and the vibration produces the following words:

Whiter Than Snow (1872)

“Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.” (Psalms 51)–NOW, WHERE DID SNOW COME FROM AS MENTIONED IN THE OLD TESTAMENT? THERE WAS SNOW IN THE DESERT. There was snow in what is today known as the Middle East. There was snow at Mt. Hermon, Lebanon, snow in the Sinai, and at the Simen Range in Ethiopia.

Lord Jesus, I long to be per-fect-ly whole; I want the for-ever to live in my soul; Break down ev-ery I-dol, cast out ev-ery foe;


Now wash my, and I shall be Whiter than snow; Whiter than snow, yes, whiter than snow; Now wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow (Nicholson, 428).

The only way to be perfectly whole is to wash the Black skin so that he is whiter than snow. Black skin is the foe because this Black man “longs to be perfectly whole”—which means to be whiter than snow. If he can stand there and sing that song, his silk tie has really “noosed him up!”

Note: Black skin is the foe because this Black man “longs to be perfectly whole”—which means to be whiter than snow.” In Psalm 51, King David writes “Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me. Surely you desire truth in the inner parts; you teach me wisdom in the inmost place. Cleanse me with hyssop, and I will be clean; wash me, and I will be whiter than snow.” The prophet Isaiah uses the phrase similarly when he stated, “Though your sins be as scarlet, they will be whiter than snow”. Here we go again with interpretations of Biblical verses.

The hymn was written in 1872 when Blacks were only considered 3/5’s of White people. Why would Black Christian church parishioners sing the hymn? The preceding hymn is just a microscopic part of the format representing the saturating subliminal and racist tools that have been beating people “up side the head” for hundreds of years. The brainwashing racist tools have come in the form of words and actions producing superficial schisms in our US White super-imposed “brotherhood of country” and “stick it together” global world.

In October 2005, The Times Online Reports Catholic Church no longer swears by truth of the Bible,,13509-1811332,00.html

The hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church has published a teaching document instructing the faithful that some parts of the Bible are not actually true. The Catholic bishops of England, Wales and Scotland are warning their 5,000,000 worshippers, as well as others drawn to the study of scripture that they shouldn’t expect “total accuracy” from the Bible.

OH REALLY! (After the Roman Church Reconstructed the Bible to fit the needs of Rome.)

Intolerance in America is used microscopically—meaning that racism by Whites has become so minute, nobody notices the day-after-day indoctrination.

The indigenous Christianity of Egypt was established by the apostle Mark in AD 42. (Matthew 2:12-23…..Out of Egypt I named my son). After the final destruction of Jerusalem and Judea by the Romans in 135 AD, the Jerusalem church was taken over by non-Jews. From this destruction, Eusebius says: “In this way the city was closed to the Jewish Race and suffered the total destruction of its former inhabitants, it was colonized by an alien race, and the Roman city which subsequently arose changed its name in honor of the emperor then reigning” (S. Acharya 37-8).

The original Christianity of Egypt was established by the apostle Mark in AD 42 in Ethiopia (Coptic Church–Coptic Orthodox Christianity). We have been told Christianity came from Rome. Does everything come from Europe? That is what we have led to believe. Christianity as we know it today is a religious hodgepodge put together by the Council of Nicea in 325 AD. It was an endeavor to amalgamate the many religions of the Roman Empire into one. Christianity plagiarizes older myths and legends historicized to suit the Roman Catholic Church while combining the numerous religions existing at the time (Krishna, Horus, Mithraism, Osirian, Isis, and other many mystery religions). You can believe that if something has the title “mystery,” it can be linked back to Africa.

The First Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church was held in 325 on the occasion of the heresy of Arius. As early as 320 or 321 St. Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria, convoked a council at Alexandria. More than one hundred bishops from Egypt and Libya attended. The purpose of the Council was to unify the competing cults under the “Catholic” Church controlled by Constantine and Rome. The gods of the other cults were subjugated under the new god and their titles were changed to “apostles” and “saints.” Constantine was sole master of the Roman Empire (Constantine The Great 274-337).

The Bible Takes a Hit

None of the gospels–Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John was written by its purported author. Marcion was the publisher of the earliest New Testament Canon. There isn’t any NT text to be found in writings prior to the beginning of the second century of the Common Era (AD). The gospels are said to be priestly forgeries and were are not heard of until 150 AD–till Jesus had been dead nearly 120 years (Bronson Keeler, A Short History of the Bible).

The four gospels were unknown to the early Christian Fathers. Justin Martyr, the most eminent of the early Fathers, wrote: “The divinity of Christ demanded the use of these Gospels had they existed in that time.” He makes more than 300 quotations from the books of the OT and nearly 100 from the Apocryphal books of the NT, but none from the four Gospels. The names Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are never mentioned by the early Christian Church Fathers (S. Acharya, 25). There has never been any painting, engraving, sculpture of other work of antiquity furnishing evidence or existence of these gospels.

Even the Catholic Encyclopedia admits the NT has no foundation in history. No extant manuscript can be dated earlier than the 4th Century AD; and most were written later. The oldest manuscripts contradict one another.

What may account for the lack of the gospels may have been the burning of the Library of Alexandria by Constantine when 50,000 manuscripts and books were destroyed, or the Roman Church removing the ancient texts from view by the citizens of the Roman Empire. If that is the case, then one can purport nearly every thing written concerning the gospels to the year 325 and all the copies of the gospels of the same period are lost or destroyed. Very few early Christian texts exist because the originals were destroyed or “retouched” under Emperor Anastasius (506 CE AD). He included revision of the Church fathers’ works, catastrophic acts.

At The University of Alexandria in Egypt, there was an immense library founded by the Ptolemies. It was a gathering place for monks to study holy mysteries and inspired legends. The very first bishops were from Alexandria. It was the place where priests were educated and trained in the arts. It had from 500,000 – 700,000 manuscripts collected from around the world. After the Council of Nicea, Constantine ordered the destruction of the ancient texts. The Library was destroyed in 391 AD. The Christian Emperor Theophilus I wanted to hide the truth about religion. The Christian conspirators went on a rampage destroying books, temples, statues, inscriptions and other traces of previous cultures, eventually leading to immense ignorance and the virtual illiteracy of Christianity.

The Gospel of Luke

The Gospel of Luke is a compilation of dozens of 33 older manuscripts including the Gospel of the Lord. In using Marcion’s gospel, the Luke writers interpolated and removed textual matter in order to historicize the story and to Judaize Marcion’s Jesus.

Example: Marcion’s gospel speaks of Jesus coming to Nazareth. Luke adds: “where he had been brought up.” This phrase is missing from Marcion. It is a further attempt on Luke’s part to make Jesus Jewish.

Example: “The Son of Man must suffer many tings, and be put to death, and after three days rise again.” Changed: Luke 9:33, a new passage is rendered: “The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.

The Difference: The inclusion of Elders and the chief priests and scribes represents an attempt to make the story seem as if it happened one time in history, as opposed to the recurring theme in a savior-god cult and mystery school indicated by Marcion.

It can be proved how passage after passage has been added to the earlier gospel, in the course of manufacturing the later history. The mourning over Jerusalem (Luke xiii, 29-35) is taken verbatim from the 2nd Esdras (i. 28-33) without acknowledgement. The words previously uttered by the “Almighty Lord” are here assigned to Jesus as the original speaker (Massey, 19).

The Gospel of Mark (175 AD)

Mark has no genealogy and begins his story with John the Baptist, the hero of the Nazarenes/Mandaeans. The Gospels were changed to fit the circumstances, rather than recording history. (S., Acharya 38) Mark was written in a style of language written in Rome by a Roman convert to Christianity whose first language was Latin and not Greek, Hebrew or Aramaic. The author of Mark was not a Palestinian Jew because he “betrays in 7:31 an ignorance of Palestinian geography.”

Example: Mark 1:16: And passing along by the Sea of Galilee he saw Simon and Andrew. All agree the Sea of Galilee was added by Mark because they are placed quite ungrammatically in the Greek syntax. Mark interpolated a reference to place into a report which lacked it.

Constantine consolidated his power and influence by making Greco-Roman Christianity the religion of the Roman Empire and eliminated the major controversies in the Greco-Roman Church concerning the question over the deity of Christ and the celebration of Easter. The bishops modified an existing creed to fit their purposes. Why is so much New Testament material written by Greeks? These are people who never met Jesus. Where is the material written by those who met him face-to-face? It was destroyed by the early church fathers–that is what happened to the material. The Bible was transformed into a Pro-Roman Mystery Cult. James WAS “the Righteous One” of the Scrolls (or at least one of the last to hold the title). James was an ideological leader of the revolt. Due to the Church’s reluctance to face the fact that Christ had brothers and sisters, the history regarding James has been obscured. Rome destroyed the Church of Jerusalem in an uprising against Rome. Isn’t it an interesting coincidence that James (the just) and the community at Qumran disappeared about the same time?

The Nicene Creed takes elaborate care by repeating several redundancies to identify the Son with the Father rather than with the creation. The doctrine of the Trinity was declared to be the official doctrine of the Pauline Church. There were hundred or so Gospels in existence at that time. Four (4) were chosen as the official Gospels of the Church. The remaining Gospels written in Hebrew were destroyed. An edict was issued stating that anyone found in possession of an unauthorized Gospel would be put to death. This was the first organized attempt to remove all the records of Jesus’ original teaching. When Jesus died there was no Christianity. Christianity was fashioned by the Apostle Paul (Saul).

The Ebionites and Nazarenes (early Jewish Sects) were declared heretics. If you go to a dictionary and look up Ebion, which is a prefix of the word Ebionites, its definition is made of EBONY OR BLACK in color. What do you know? Jesus was a Nazarene? I found out some other things after doing a bit of research. The word “Nazareth” does not even exist historically or geographically. Recent research will tell you that there was a mis-translation in text. Mary was not a virgin–What about JESUS’ brother James? Jesus had brothers and sisters, but the Catholic Church said that Mary remained a virgin throughout her life.

Then there is exploration of the linguistic methods used to document the relationship between Black African languages and their sister languages in Africa and Asia written by Clyde A. Winters. John J. Jackson presents striking evidence that Indo-Europeans played a major role in the destruction of African centers of civilization.

He cites for example, the Romans partial destruction of the library of Alexander, and its later total destruction by fanatical Christians in AD 389. Prof. Jackson also discussed the Romans burned down the library of Carthage containing 50,000 volumes in 146 B.C. And in Spain, Europeans destroyed great libraries of the Moors. After the Council of Nicea the early church fathers destroyed Christian texts. It wasn’t until the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered that some of the early church teachings came to light.

Along with Cheikh Anta Diop, Alex Darkwah also traces Ancient Egypt to geographical Africa. Darkwah proves that Africans wrote the Bible even though your personal Bible may have pages laced with White Greek characters and distributed throughout the world. I thought that the following excerpts were extremely interesting. A website visitor suggested that I read the Darkwah’s book. Thanks to the website reader who suggested that I limit my research to Sub-Saharan Africa. You’ve started a greater quest to delve deeper into Europe’s concealment of our history and to shed more light on how the global world exists in its current state. The main points of his book are:

Americans and Europeans assume that the Bible is about them, but the Bible is about my ancient ancestors and me…..Alex Darkwah

Jews see the Bible as a record of their history because the King James Bible is centered on the history of Israel.

The Jewish people of Europe and America still carry African Tribal names. They carry the names of their ancestors who are Africans.

The early Roman Catholic Church portrayed Jesus and his mother in the original Black images of the Jewish people at that time. (The Black Madonna) What African tribe were they from?

The early Catholic Church is closer in time period of Jews leaving Africa and going to Europe than the Renaissance Painters who painted Jesus White.

Statistically, the Lemba people from Southeast Africa are more Jewish than European Jews. In a particular Lemba Clan known as the Buba Clan, 53 percent of the males carry the unique DNA signature of Jewish priests. Males form the Lemba Tribe carry a higher incidence of the Jewish priestly DNA signature than the European and American Jewish population.

What Europe did not count on was that Africa would still know their past.

The Biblical Genesis

The following material appears in the King James Version Bible that is used throughout the United States but has been disguised. Genesis represents the Egypt’s Twelfth Dynasty is from 1991 – 1783 BC. The 12th Dynasty Kings were:

Amenemhat I
Senwosret I

12th Dynasty
Amenemhat II
Senwosret II

Senwosret III
Amenemhat III
Amenemhat IV

Images from

The Biblical Exodus

Did the 12 Tribes of Israel ever exist? The first Israelites were Egyptians, followers of Pharaoh Akhenaten, (17 years in the middle of the 14th century BC) whose attempts to introduce monotheism into Egypt engendered rage among the religious establishment. Moses, an Egyptian noble, served as chief priest in Akhenaten’s cult and, after Akhenaten’s death, had to flee Egypt to avoid execution. The so-called “ten lost tribes” disappear from history without an archaeological trace of their prior existence.

Akhenaten (9th King)

18th Dynasty
Akhenaten (9th King)

18th Dynasty

Pharaoh Horemheb waged a bitter campaign to eradicate all vestiges of Akhenaten’s heresy, eliminating the evidence stone by stone and word-by-word. As a result, Akhenaten remained lost to history until nineteenth-century Egyptologists discovered the ruins of his capital city.


1323-1295 BC

14th King – 18th Dynasty


1323-1295 BC

14th King – 18th Dynasty

When Horemheb died, Moses returned to Egypt, united his followers with other enemies of Egypt, and attempted to seize the throne from Ramesses I. The coup failed, but to avoid a civil war Moses and his allies were allowed safe passage out of Egypt. This was the real Exodus. After entering Canaan, the Egyptian followers of Moses formed military alliances with local Canaanite kings and with some of the recently arrived Greek invaders. This non-tribal alliance of small kingdoms and city-states became biblical Israel.

Ramses I
Ramses I
Ramses I

Moses served as chief priest in the court of Pharaoh Akhenaten; the Exodus took place during the co-regency of Ramesses I and Sethos I; and the first Israelites were Egyptians, the persecuted remnant of Akhenaten’s religious devotees.

Sethos I
Sethos I

Images from

Israel’s presence in Egypt preceded by an earlier presence in Palestine is mentioned no place other than in the Bible. There is no archaeological record of Israel or the Hebrew people prior to the thirteenth century BC? There is no extra-biblical evidence linking any specific Semitic tribes to the Hebrew people? Why did the so-called “ten lost tribes” disappear from history without an archaeological trace of their prior existence? (Greenberg, Gary., The Bible Myth: The African Origins of the Jewish People, New York: Citadel Press, 1996).

The Africans Who Wrote The Bible: Ancient Secrets Africa and Christianity Have Never Told – By: Alex Darkwah

Darkwah states that ancient Egypt was geographically in Africa and so called European experts do not know the Ancient Egyptian story because they are not familiar with African tribal names. They do not have the linguistic and cultural backgrounds to identify Egyptian names and have simply transposed the African names of people and places in Ancient Egyptian history into European languages to make it possible for them to claim expertise. Darkwah traces the ancient past of African tribes from the Middle East through Ancient Egypt to inner Africa. He reveals the African tribe that historians gave the fictitious names the Sumerians, Akkadians, and the African Tribes that were the Ancient Egyptians.

C. A. Diop combines the research of linguistics, history and psychology to interpret the cultural unity of African people. There are three components in the genetic model: 1) common physical type, 2) common cultural patterns and 3) genetically related languages. (Winters 1989a) Diop over the years has brought to bear all three of these components in his illumination of Kemetic Civilization (Diop 1974, 1977, 1978, 1991). There are striking resemblances between the ancient Egyptian language and Coptic, and Pharonic Egyptian and African languages (Diagne, 1981; Diop, 1977; Obenga, 1988, 1992a, 1992b, 1993).

Diop’s major linguistic effort has been the classification of Black African and Egyptian Languages. Up until 1977 Diop’s major area of interest were morphological and phonological similarities between Egyptian and Black African languages. Diop (1977, 77-84) explains many of his sound laws for the Egyptian-Black African connection.

He was a major proponent of the Dravidian-African relationship (Diop 1974, 116), and he illustrated the African substratum in Indo-European languages in relationship to cacuminal sounds and terms for social organization and culture (1974, 115). Diop (1978, 113) also recognized that in relation to Arabic words, after the suppression of the first consonant, there is often an African root. It is not surprising because Edward Blyden found evidence that the Arabic writing system was created by an African from the modern country we call Egypt. Winters (1985a, 1985d, 1989, 1991) also used Diop’s method to confirm the unity between the African, Dravidian, Elamite and Sumerian languages.

Publication of the Dead Sea Scrolls – 15,000 papyrus documents discovered in the desert that have changed scholars’ views on the Bible – is finally being completed, after more than half a century of bitter squabbling, censorship and academic controversy. Fifty-four years after the first of them was found in a cave in Qumran, on the north-western shore of the Dead Sea, publication of all the scrolls and fragments has been completed in 37 volumes. All but two have been published in scholarly editions, and those two are being edited.

Experts have studied the scrolls and discovered much about the way the Bible was written, including its discrepancies, contradictions and repetitions. The first five books – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy – were ascribed to the same writer, Moses, but they have many inconsistencies. The scrolls include several different editions of the books of Exodus and Numbers, and the Psalms. They revealed that the Bible was not a rigidly fixed text but was edited and adjusted to make the text more relevant to its audience. It was not only the religious significance of the work that the scrolls questioned but also their historical truth, for they revealed that the writers would have colored their accounts with their prejudices.

Blacked Out Through Whitewash will also give you information about the evolvement of bogus scientific studies and cover-ups.

Blacked Out Through Whitewash

The Physical Appearance of Ancient Israel


Excerpts from: Paul: The Stranger by Edgar Jones

The Christianity of the New Testament is the religion of Paul. It is the religion that emanates from what is called “The Church” and that was first identified at Antioch where “the disciples were first called Christians.” The religion of Paul, which is the Christianity of the New Testament, is not the religion of Jesus. It is the religion of Christendom. It is the religion of the churchmen but . . . it is not the religion of Jesus.

Paul was his Greek name. His true name was Saul of Tarsus. Paul was a charlatan, a self-deceived deceiver of others, a self-called apostle, a wolf in sheep’s clothing that misrepresented his apostleship as coming directly from the Lord Jesus.

The key to this mystery is the eventual recognition and acknowledgment of the gospel as Jesus preached it. Writers profess that Paul’s word was not God’s word, that his gospel was a different gospel, his Jesus a different Jesus.

Common Sense Sacredness: Churchgoers are tethered in Caucasian European and American Theology hiding ancestral Black African Christendom History. The Theology Tether keeps churchgoers gagged and bound in the Caucasian Church of God not realizing that the Roman Church brought them to slavery in the “name of Jesus.” Lily White Jesus hangs in the sanctuary, and the congregation sings in unison: Oh wash me, and I will be whiter than snow. Black Egypt and Canaan (formerly modern Palestine and then Israel) have no significance because parishioners are caught up in a “Sanctified Sham.” If the Theology Tether were removed so that the Black image of Abraham, Moses, King Solomon, and Jesus were hanging in the sanctuaries, on the pulpits and printed on Bible end pages, screaming would ensue a “bloody murder of Christianity.”

Church fanatics suppressed Biblical History. In 1505 Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to change images of the deity from Black to White which perpetuated paintings like da Vinci’s Last Supper. In the 1600’s King James feared an African disclosure would bring down conformist Caucasian History and the Caucasian Church established for Europe. The Greeks and Romans carried origins of ancient Egyptians to the King James Version of the Bible and bleached them like “white snow.” The suppression of Blackness in Biblical Archaeology has lead to a “Whitewashed Whoring”—from the original Black Hebrews to the current Mythical Ashkenazim White Jews.

In Arthur Koestler’s book, The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and its Heritage Khazar Jews – The revelation of another Jewish hoax: Jews did not originate from Palestine! They are not “descendants” of the mythic Jews of the Bible! The fact that over 90% of those today calling themselves “Jews” are actually descendants of the Khazar people, originating from southern Russia. Jews from Eastern Europe and Western Asia were descended from Mongolians and other Asiatic peoples who had adopted Judaism as their “religion” over 1,000 years ago and had become know as “Jews.”

The book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire—once a major power in Eastern Europe that converted to Judaism in A.D. 740. The Jews of our times fall into two main divisions: Sephardim and Ashkenazim. The Khazars migrated to Poland and formed the cradle of Western (Ashkenazim) Jewry. Modern Jewry is not of Palestinian but Caucasian origin. The mainstream of Jewish migrations did not flow from the Mediterranean across France and Germany to the east and then back again. The stream moved in a consistently westerly direction, from the Caucasus through the Ukraine into Poland and into Central Europe (pp 179 – 180). The Sephardim are descendants of the Jews who since antiquity had lived in Spain (in Hebrew Sepharad) until they were expelled at the end of the 15th Century and settled in the countries bordering the Mediterranean, the Balkans, and to a lesser extent in Western Europe.

Ethiopia is mentioned in Genesis–Look for Europe in the Bible! The birthplace of Abraham was Ur (Cushite/Ethiopian–the Land of Shinar) Genesis 10:10. Ur was a city in the Ethiopian Kingdom of Nimrod. Canaan–son of Ham begat Sidon his first born, and Heth, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, and the Girgashites (Genesis 10:15-16). The Jebusites–the same as Jerusalem (Joshua 15:8). Jesus was a Judean–not a Jew. Matthew (his disciple) was a Judean. They were from the Tribe of Judah–Ethiopians. Their language was Aramaic–Ethiopian. If you look up Ethiopia in the Encyclopedia, the information given explains that Ethiopians are Hamitic and of Semitic origin. You must know who Ham was in order to decipher what race the Ethiopians are. WHY IS THE TRUTH SHROUDED???

The word “Jew” (in Hebrew, “Yehudi”) is derived from the name Judah. Originally, the term Yehudi referred specifically to members of the tribe of Judah, as distinguished from the other tribes of Israel. However, after the death of King Solomon, the nation of Israel was split into two kingdoms: the Kingdom of Judah and the Kingdom of Israel (I Kings 12; II Chronicles 10). Haile Sellassie can be directly traced to King Solomon—the ruler of Ethiopia (King of Kings) and the (Lion of Judah), placing him in the legendary line of King Solomon.

Does Haile Sellassie look like the typical European Jew??

He happens to have a direct lineage to King Solomon and the Queen Sheba–THE ORIGINAL JEWS!!!

History changers—like moneychangers have intuitively depended on the “ignorance of the masses.” Look at the first election in the new millennium. The silent coup-declared winner was the son of a former president, and that former president was the former head of the CIA. The silent coup-declared winner lost the popular vote but declared a victory as the result of disputed votes cast in the regime governed by his brother. God mend thine every flaw; Confirm thy soul in self-control; Thy liberty in law! Seek and ye shall find. Ask and it will be given unto you. Study Biblical history, and you will quit singing: Wash Me—I hope to be Whiter Than Snow and then turning around to justify the words by relating it to the “White Lamb of God.”

THE CHRISTIANITY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT IS NOT THE RELIGION OF JESUS: Shaul is either telling the truth or spreading a lie. By: Ekowa A. Kenyatta

When we read, we skim over things, not understanding the culture that was given to the Hebrews. All of the Apostles including Paul still stuck to the Torah. The celebrated the 7 feasts and the males appeared before the Lord 3 times a year with an offering. If you want to know who made-up Christianity, look to Rome and Greece and their obsession with the Mystery Systems and Luciferianism. Look to the Mithras cults, the revisionists and translators. It was a political move to conquer the world it was the blind leading the blind. In our quest to find answers, God always reveals what once was hidden. Ekowa A. Kenyatta shares her answers which unveil what the Council of Nicea and the early Church fathers tried to dispose or hide.

The Ekowa A. Kenyatta View

Note: My colleagues continually question me because of my concern with color. “In the end it won’t matter anyway,” they say. I grew up in the 1950’s when we questioned our individual identities. I still continue to ask within my own mind why continents and countries have indigenous “people of color” reclassified as Caucasians right smack dab in the middle of its colonial European migrated groups. I wonder why India, Ceylon, Vietnam, Australia, Hawaii, Australia, New Guinea, etc. have Blue-Black-skinned groups of people classified as Caucasian. Caucasian dominance only stems a little over 500 years. What about antiquity? Before 1950 every continent and country with brown and black inhabitants were classified as either “Colored” or “Negro.” This leads to a belief that the Caucasian classification is being applied to Brown Races because of a “threatened global White biological identity crisis–OH YOU 8 PERCENTERS!”

There seems to be a great concern about the “curse of the Black Race” that has been passed down by European missionaries and White as well as Black ministers. According to the Bible, the following, the Black Race is not cursed:

In Genesis 9:24—The Curse of Canaan: Most people believe Ham was cursed and, therefore, so were all Black people of African/Hamitic descent. However, careful study of the scriptures reveals that the curse was placed upon Canaan (Gen. 9:25), a son of Ham. Ham’s other sons, Mizraim, Phut, and Cush were not cursed. This particular curse justified Abraham’s inheritance of the land of Canaan as his blessing of his father Noah due to this strong desire to be in his father’s image and his love for God (Gen. 9:24 – 27).

Cultural Christianity Contest: The world has been presented with a White Jesus from the Roman Empire when Augustus (31 BC – AD 14) was the emperor. The World knows nothing about the bona fide Judean Jesus from the lineage of the Tribe of Judah—Ethiopians who spoke Aramaic.

The former Semitic language Aramaic was developed out of the latter Semitic language Amharic spoken in Ethiopia and Eritrea today. Christ spoke Aramaic, Arabic and Amharic because of language locations in Jerusalem and other Middle Eastern cities such as what are now Addis Ababa, Cairo, Baghdad and Damascus.

In Greek schools of learning and philosophy Plato and Socrates helped to provide philosophy and mystical thought to Christianity borrowed from the ancient Egyptians. Originally the Bible was translated from Hebrew to Greek to Latin to English. In the eyes of the Romans Africans had no substantial history. Africans were “heathens” who had to be converted to Christianity according to the Roman Church–now headed by the POPE.

The New Testament was written in colloquial conversational Greek of the times. Greek was widespread as an international language in the Middle East and parts of North Africa and Europe after Alexander’s Conquests in 4th Century BC. In conversational Greek there were no upper or lower case letters used until the 9th Century. Everything was written in capital letters. There were no punctuation marks, no spaces between words, and no paragraphs. The division of chapter numbers in the Bible did not take place until about 1200 AD, and verses were not added until 1557.

In 1382 Wycliff translated an English version of the Bible from Latin. In 1604 King James commissioned six groups of scholars who translated the Authorized King James Version of the Bible. The original 1611 edition of the King James Version had many misprints and spelling mistakes that led to a second edition in 1613. Provided for Christianity in the modern world in which we live are what Greek philosophers and King James have given. We follow the herd to ensure soul salvation—just as sheep follow the leader of the herd to slaughter. The Bible was translated into English for a cultural European audience, and people study the Bible without knowing its cultural context. Christianity was first a Middle Eastern religion. Remember, the Middle East was once Africa. Europeans broke up Africa into the “Near East,” “Middle East,” and “Far East” to distinguish distances from Europe.

To question the Bible’s ancestral Black African Christendom History is probably like translating the Bible into cult language. There are many discrepancies in the Bible. Examples: The word “Jew” wasn’t used in the King James Version until publications after 1800. The word “Jew” does not appear in the Bible until the Book of Daniel. The Bible contains both Greek and Latin traditions denoting editorial differences. The New Testament contains discrepancies in The Last Supper, the death of Judas, and the nativity stories in Matthew and Mark. To say there are “Lost Books” and Apocryphal Books of the Bible leads one to question which books were really “inspired” by God—and which ones were inspired by King James and his translators.

Some verses are almost identical in Matthew and 2 Enoch (Enoch—or Enos was the son of Seth and the grandson of Adam according to Genesis) leading to parallels and connections between the Gospels, Lost Books and Dead Sea Scrolls. The Gospels, for example were written between 35 and 70 years after the death of Jesus. This presents plenty of opportunity for distortion. The Gospels passed through a period of copying and general editorial tampering that lasted three to four centuries. It is only these edited and differing versions that have survived to modern times.

A person’s makeup and state of mind is externalized only after internalizing what has been given to him. Indoctrination takes place within the human psyche. Whites are fed a White cultural Roman and Greek resemblance of Jesus. Blacks have also been fed a White cultural Roman and Greek resemblance of Jesus. Biblical scholars have studied, digested, and processed antiquity within a Caucasian Cultural Contest; therefore, the Bible we know encompasses the White Roman World and St. Paul.

Religious interpretations are liable to contradiction unless historical backgrounds are accessible for examination. You should be aware of how Black Antiquity has been annihilated. Just read about the Napoleon Bonaparte Conquests of the late 18th and early 19th Centuries. Napoleon and his crew destroyed many artifacts of antiquity including shooting of the flat noses and big lips of the Sphinx. At the 1974 Cairo Symposium British and Egyptian officials prevented Cheikh Anta Diop from performing systematic and controlled melanin dosage tests on Egyptian mummies to determine their racial identity. Shortly after he developed the melanin dosage test, nearly all of the mummies on exhibition the Cairo Museum vanished. There are many Shrines of the Black Madonna in Africa, Europe and Russia representing remnants of the original people who inhabited Ancient Palestine.

A geneticist from Oxford University in London, England (1998) has proven through a DNA sequence that the African Bantu-speaking Lemba Tribe of South Africa and Zimbabwe carry the same Y chromosome that is distinctive to the Cohanim, a hereditary set of Jewish priests scattered throughout Europe and America. Reports carry the headlines “DNA COULD PROVE JEWISH ANCESTRY OF AFRICAN TRIBE.” While reading the article, it struck me as a “Freudian Slip” presented in the “European Slip/Slap Origin.” The title should have read: DNA PROVES AFRICAN ANCESTRY OF BIBLICAL HEBREWS. The most thorough analysis yet of the divergence of sequences in human mitochondrial DNA has been carried out. The results support the view that modern humans originated in Africa. (Hedges, Blair S. “Human Evolution: A Start for Population Genomics,” Nature 408, 652-653 7 December 2000).

History depends on the “ignorance of the masses” to write and editorialize what is currently printed and published. Ignorance can make strange presumptions. To substantiate the Diaspora of Africa; Claude A. Winters proved that the ancestors of the Dravidian and Manding speaking people appear to have left Africa at the same time around 2600 BC (Winters 1985c). These people founded civilizations in Europe, Elam, India and ancient China (1991a).


S., Acharya, The Christ Conspiracy: The Greatest Story Ever Sold, Kempton, IL, Adventures Unlimited Press, 1999.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (Jan. 1979b). “Trade between East Africa and China”, Afrikan Mwalimu, pp. 25-31.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1979c). “Manding Scripts in the New World”, Journal of African Civilization 1, No. 1, pp. 61-97.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1980a). “The genetic unity of Dravidian and African languages and culture,” Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Asian Studies (PIISAS) 1979, Hong Kong: Asian Research Service.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1981a) “The Unity of African and Indian Agriculture”, Journal of African Civilization 3, no.1, pp. 103-110.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad (1981c). “Further Thoughts on Japanese Dravidian Connection”, Dravidian Language Association News 5, No 9, pp. 1-4.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (December, 1981/ January 1982a) “Mexico’s Black Heritage”, The Black Collegian, pp. 76-84.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1983c). “Blacks in Ancient China, Part 1:The Founders of Xia and Shang”, Journal of Black Studies 1, No2. Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1983d). “Possible Relationship between the Manding and Japanese”, Papers in Japanese Linguistics 9, pp. 151-158.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad Winters. (January 1984). “Magyar and Proto-Saharan Relationship”, Fighter (Hungarian language Newspaper) Cleveland, Ohio , p.2.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1985d). “The genetic Unity between the Dravidian, Elamite, Manding and Sumerian Languages”, Sixth ISAS ,1984, (Hong Kong: Asian Research Service) pp. 1413-1425.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1986c). “Dravidian Settlements in ancient Polynesia”, India Past and Present 3, No. 2, pp. 225-241.

Winters, Clyde Ahmad. (1986e). “Dravidian and Magyar /Hungarian”, International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 15, No. 2.

M. Stewart.
Copyright © 2002 – 2007. All rights reserved.
Revised: 01/01/07.


March 17, 2007


Chapter 7

Albinos–The Origin of the Caucasian Race?

As new information comes down the pike, it is necessary to rethink theories that were once in place. The origin and labeling of the “so called” Caucasian, Negroid, and Mongoloid Races by 19th Century scientists, started racial groupings based on skin color by naturalists and anthropologists like Johann F. Blumenbach, JA Gobineau and HS Chamberlain. These men also equated skin color to psychological value and importance to race. Blumenbach named whites after the Caucasus Mountains because he thought the purest white people originated there. He didn’t seem to realize the following:



12th Dynasty – Tour Egypt


Today The American Anthropological Association declares there is no such thing as race which is merely a “social construct.” If that is the new scientific principle, then….


There are plenty of scientific facts to back up this principle. According to The South African Institute for Medical Research in review – Journal of South African Science, THE HIGH FREQUENCY OF ALBINISM IN AFRICA provides more clues to early African history. The Department of Human Genetics at the SAIMR is currently involved with numerous research projects, most related to human genetic disorders and population origins–one of these, ‘Albinism in African peoples’ having received particular attention because it offers new insights into the historical movement of peoples in sub-Saharan Africa.

The albinism syndrome shows parallels with sickle cell anemia. The carrier of the sickle cell mutation is at an advantage in regions where malaria is hyperendemic, which includes large areas of Africa.

About one in 35 southern African blacks is a carrier of an albinism mutation, a surprisingly high prevalence for a genetic disorder where the homozygote is at a survival disadvantage. It is postulated that the albinism carrier may actually be at an advantage, possibly also with malaria as the selective agent. It has been suggested that mosquitoes are less likely to alight and take blood from a lighter-skinned person and thus the albinism carrier may be at an advantage over darker-skinned people. The testing of this hypothesis is opening up a new line of research into malaria studies, which may yet show some other selective agent may be responsible for the high frequency of albinism in Africa.
The new scientific genetic information derived from the Human Genome Project, an international effort to decode the information embedded in the human genome, confirmed to the world by scientists in the East Room of the White House (June, 2000). We all evolved in the last 100,000 years from the same small number of tribes that migrated out of Africa and colonized the world”. “All human beings are 99.99% the same at the DNA level and the remaining 0.1% genetic variation that exist seldom segregate in a manner that confirms to the racial boundaries constructed by social political means.”

Many years before the Human Genome’s Project announcement of its historical DNA findings on so called “race” (in June of 2000), historians have revealed that human beings, during the primitive era in ancient/antiquity Africa – The Origin of Humankind/Humanity states that due to the lack of knowledge about inbreeding (between closely related parents) they did not understand why their off spring were born with “white skin.” Scientists say “white skin” is a form of Albinism (a genetic defected offspring — lacking melanin).

Cystic Fibrosis was thought to be a disease that affects mostly Europeans, but there are studies that now confirm that the most likely origin of the mutation is the African Continent.

The CF studies also tie-in with population migration investigations. Since the common African mutation has also been found in Zambia and Cameroun, it too supports the Bantu Expansion Hypothesis. It is worth noting that the mutation has also been found in African-Americans, in Saudi Arabia and in Greece on the same chromosome background (haplotype), suggesting a single origin. The most likely origin of the mutation is indeed the African Continent.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) was first described in Europe in the late 1930s. It was later shown to be surprisingly common with, on average, one in 20 individuals of European origin carrying a CF mutation. It was widely believed to be absent or very rare in Black Africans and was taught as such to generations of medical students. Only a handful of cases were described in African Blacks in a period of over thirty years, although it was well documented among African-Americans. CF was originally thought to be present in the latter because of admixture with individuals of European descent.

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a rare, genetically inherited condition passed on by both parents to their offspring, resulting in a significant reduction in or absence of pigmentation in the hair, skin, and eyes at birth. Individuals with albinism are very fair-skinned and fair-haired, with (most often) blue eyes that can take on tones of purple or red in bright lighting.

But due to such lack of knowledge as to why their “white skinned” off springs came about, African mothers and fathers became more and more fearful and suspicions and began to separate their growing number of “white skinned” off springs away from the “black skinned” (pigmented) population.

Eventually most of the “white skinned” off springs of “African” mothers and fathers formed several groups and began to migrate northward through Egypt to another area of Africa which is now called Europe, seeking a more hospitable living environment and to escape the intensity of the equatorial hot climate of the great river valleys and great lakes region of Central, Eastern and Southern Africa which was then and still is South of what is now called Egypt.

The “albino” group moved up in the mountainous area during the Ice Age or Glaciations period that lasted thousands of years further isolating themselves from their original parent population in Africa. And by being in such isolated living condition for such a prolonged period they also interbred (within the existing parent groups) thereby creating additional “albino” offspring from “albino” mothers and fathers who were then and still are direct descendents of African mothers and fathers.

A mutation results in a change of the DNA sequence within a gene or chromosome of an organism resulting in the creation of a new character or trait not found in the parental type. There is blonde hair among the black Australian aborigines. That is an example of a mutation. Albinism is a good example of a mutation. Other examples of mutations are blondism or whiteness among monkeys, apes, and chimpanzees.

Biblical Evidence of White Skin

There are many cases of individuals turning white in Jewish biblical history. When God wanted to show Moses a miracle, he turned his hand “white as snow;” then God turned his hand back again to its original color of black. In ancient Israel when a man had a white spot on his skin or white or yellow hair, or white skin somewhat reddish, he was pronounced unclean. All people who were victims of this shameful disease were isolated outside of the camp or city and segregated.

Some theories equate Albinos with the origin of the Caucasian Race. This website has many validations for the origin of the Negroid Race, but what about the Caucasian Race? Certainly Frances Cress Welsing hit the nail on the head with her book, The Isis Papers (1991).

The White Race has the genetic inability and absence of melanin to produce the different skin pigments seen throughout the world. That absence of skin pigment creates the inability to produce colors. As a result, uncolored or white skin is produced. White Race genes are at a recessive global juncture. Recessive genes delineate body characteristics that are masked or not expressed when a contrasting dominant black or brown gene or trait is present. The black/brown genes create people who have curly hair and whose skin is easily tanned.

As the 8 per centers’ recessive gene disappears, anthropologists are rushing to reclassify the world’s Black and Brown Races. Through “Caucasian racial engineering” some Brown Races have become hypothetically “White.” It has increased the White Race totals with a lopsided apportionment numbering system. The system has been designed to expand and extend White Race counts, which only amount to 8 percent worldwide (United Nations Population Division, 1+).

In “Echoes of the Old Darkland” by Charles Finch III, MD by a doctor of medicine (Yale) the following is quoted: “We propose that the … population that survived the last glaciations in southwestern Eurasia was largely a group of albinoids who were better adapted to the ecology than their darker relatives who had originally colonized the area. These latter were gradually replaced by albinoids, though small groups of African aboriginal types long persisted on the North Atlantic seaboard because of the availability of Vitamin-D-rich salt-water fish. This “goodness-of-fit” of the albinoids in this northern environment was due to the more efficient Vitamin D production and utilization in the whitened skin in these sunlight-deficient latitudes and better cold resistance.

The Ice Age had the practical effect of isolating this marginal group from other populations for a prolonged period, promoting a consanguinity that would have allowed the recessive albinoid genes to express and propagate themselves. Creation of a new race via depigmentation is consistent with the tendency in nature of new species and subspecies to form out of marginal groups that have become isolated from their “parent” populations and subjected more or less abruptly to extreme environmental conditions, which generate intense selection pressure.” (Op. cit. p. 35) Albinoid mutation seems as good a speculation since the fossil data and genetic data both seem to rule in favor of a common, Black African ancestry for all mankind.

Read Blacked Out Through Whitewash. The book excerpts give more background on the origin of the White Race.

People with Natural Blonde Hair are Disappearing and will be Extinct in 200 Years.

New research suggests that people with blonde hair will be completely extinct in 200 years. Blonde hair occurs only in people from northern Europe. The blonde gene that causes blonde hair color must be on both sides of the family, and according to the World Health Organization, there is now too few people who carry it.

Professor Jonathan Rees from Edinburgh University is leading a two-year study into the genetics of blondes. Scientists say blondes will survive longest in Scandinavia where they are most concentrated, and they predict the last one alive will be from Finland.

Jonathan Rees
Grant Professor of Dermatology

The University of Edinburgh

RIE, 1st Floor, Lauriston Buildings

Lauriston Place, Edinburgh, EH3 9YW

Tel: 44 (0)131 536 2041 – Fax 44 (0)131 229 8769

(Source: WDIV – Detroit Channel 4 – September 27, 2002)

Globally, the White Race risks “genetic color elimination.” Caucasians /8 per centers are rapidly presenting the world with a conjured-up system of so-called “statistical numbers of non-truth” as a way to implant new suppositions and beliefs. The non-truth firepower has the ability to deliver psyche-up, illusory gunfire amounting to numerical warheads on the target of more Caucasian deceit. The duplicity will end up fabricating a sort of actuality–statistical ballistic weaponry warfare to MAXIMIZE the dwindling White Race group numbers.

The original Indo-Europeans referred to, as Aryans were nomads who herded animals in the steppes north of the Black Sea, in what is now the Ukraine. Between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago, the Aryans migrated into Europe on horseback and conquered a series of cultures. The Encyclopedia Britannica concurs with British historians. When trying to trace pre-historic man to Europeans, it was found that Indo-Iranian languages make up a major branch of the Indo-European family of languages (Bower, 120+).

The Sinhalese Language is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family. The earliest surviving specimens of the language are brief inscriptions on rocks in Brahmi Letters from 200 BC. The most considerable amount of dated Aryan language dates to about AD 1000 (Encyclopedia Britannica, 567).

Linguistics link the Iranian language to African languages. Iranian languages include the Arabic language. Arabic belongs to the Semitic language group. Semitic includes Ethiopic and Hebrew–people who lived in one of Black Africa’s greatest civilizations. The implication being made is the following: Caucasians cannot validate their rudiment White civilization. It has been proven that civilization started in the great river valleys of Africa in the Fertile Crescent. The human race was born in Africa, and it is only logical that the evolution of White men started in Africa.

The Encyclopedia Britannia outlines the lack of or absence of historical sources to trace the process of Swedish Expansion and the Viking Era around AD 400. The same is true for Denmark. It is written–The first trustworthy written evidence of a kingdom of Denmark belongs to the early Viking Period. Roman knowledge of this country was fragmentary and unreliable. The same is said for the other Scandinavian countries.

Currently, the Smithsonian Museum is inviting people to examine the Atlantic Saga of the well-known culture of the Scandinavian Viking Age (AD750-1050) as they discover America. They landed in Newfoundland, Canada exactly 1,000 years ago. It is being hailed as a “discovery.” An endnote has been added that there is generous support from the Nordic Council and Ministers of Volvo.

The Caucasoid/8 per centers’ numerical deficiency has created a sort of numerical abundance because White groups now have psychologically increased their numbers with the many different White classifications of: German White Race, English White Race, French White Race, and Russian White Race. This justifiably amounts to many White Races even though theoretically there has been a three-race theory staunchly in place since the 19th Century.

The same psychological numerology works to minimize black/brown groups and forms the White “labeled minority classifications” geneticists refer to when “feeling their oats on the genetic highway to a White majority.” Dividing black/brown people into groups and referring to the groups as “non-white” or “people of color,” presents a purely natural tendency to think of black/brown people as lesser because of the fewest number of numerical classifications. Therefore, Black and Brown people have become minorities in the mastermind scheme when the statistical numbers of abundant craftiness are presented globally.

From sea-to-shining-sea. History shows that discrimination in this country occurs in all races that are not considered Caucasian. Asians, for example, have experienced a long history of discrimination even though the Asian Race is coined as the “Prototype Minority” worthy enough to grace the White American dominion. In 1854 the California Supreme Court ruled that Chinese citizens were not permitted to testify against Whites. In 1882 the Chinese Exclusion Act banned all immigration from China.

In 1913, California declared Asians ineligible for citizenship and prohibited property ownership. In 1924 the National Origins Act excluded most Asians from migrating to the US. With the outbreak of World War II one hundred and ten thousand (110,000) Japanese Americans were relocated to internment camps. It was only in 1952 that Asians born outside the US were permitted to become citizens–but now have been termed the “ideal minority.” Today most Blacks and Latinos continue to be subjected to extreme economic and social discrimination; whereas, most Asian Americans are not. Asian Americans have been labeled the “ideal minority.”

Asians in this country have higher household incomes, own more businesses, have had more success with higher education and hold more master’s degrees and doctorates than members of other ethnic groups. Their higher education numbers soared from 198,000 to 724,000 in colleges and universities from 1976 to 1993 (Marable, 7).

King James invented “discrimination of the divine” when he and his team of 47 European interpreters translated the King James Version of The Holy Bible. Purity, virtue, and goodness spew from every pictorial page of White European Biblical characters. The Bible reveals a blue-eyed White Jesus hanging on a cross, a golden-haired White Moses showing the “Tablets of Law to the People,” and praying at Mt. Sinai upon every turn of a page.

I am King James, and I proclaim “Ham, the youngest son of Noah, to be the father of the Black Race.”

Ham is the father of the Black Race because he was cursed and “condemned to Hell” states King James and his team of European Interpreters. In Gen. 9:18-29 Ham is the recipient of a curse–“Let Canaan be cursed.”

Hey, that means Canaanites were Black. What do ya know!!! Berber describes the indigenous Caucasoid people of Northern Africa in the scholarly White dictionary and encyclopedia, but Berber is defined as people who speak Hammitic/Semitic Languages. Hey, does that mean Berbers were Black? The Cushite (Ethiopian) and ancient Egyptian also spoke Semitic Languages.

Ham–the Originator of the Black Race “the accursed” and all of his descendants will be damned. Eurocentric church officials developed a mind-set of “heathen Blacks” to devise and formulate deceptive historical attitudes and viewpoints.

The Aryan Nation is the on-going work of Jesus the Christ re-gathering His people, calling His people to a state for their nation to ring in His Kingdom. The Aryan Nation believes that Adam, man of Genesis, is the placing of the White Race upon this earth. Not all races descend from Adam. Adam is the father of the White Race only. (Adam in the original Hebrew language is translated: “to show blood in the face; turn rosy.” Genesis 5:1).

The Book of Enoch Hamitic/Ethiopic Authorship: The Book of Enoch–which is considered to be the earliest biblical record of antiquity and the earliest book of Hamitic authorship is widely quoted throughout the King James Version of the Bible. The Book of Enoch was found among the Dead Sea Scrolls in the caves of the Qumran. Enoch was Noah’s grandfather and Methuselah’s father. Methuselah was the oldest man in the Bible living to be 969.

After reading the Book of Enoch, it is evident that the entire Creation of Heaven and Earth depicted by King James and his translators has not been taught in America’s churches. Why? Did King James and his translators use manipulatives to gain control and purposely hide Hamitic/Ethiopic authorship? If this book was written before the book of Genesis, and is Hamitic–aren’t we back-to-Black? Webster’s Warped Dictionary verifies that Ham was the Originator of the Black Race. (Brown, Ronald K. BOOK OF ENOCH, San Antonio, Texas 78210).

According to the Enoch–one of the Lost Books of the Bible, there were a Race of Angels numbering 200 who were sent to Earth to watch over mankind. The “Watchers” looked upon the women of the Earth and found them fair and pleasing to the eye. The women gave birth to what is known as (Nephilims) Giants of the Earth. The Book of Enoch comprises the following topics:

Second Coming of Jesus Christ and Judgment

Skills and Knowledge Taught by the Fallen Angels

Children of Angels to be destroyed

Disobedient Angels Incarcerated Till Judgment Day

Prophecy of A New Heaven and A New Earth



GOD Promises to Dwell with the Saints

The King James Version of the Bible starts with Genesis and the creation of Heaven and Earth. In Genesis 4:15 God orders Cain out of the Garden of Eden. Cain goes out from the presence of the LORD, and dwells in the land of Nod, on the East of Eden. There he knew his wife and conceived. “The Land of Nod” appears right there in the Fourth Chapter of Genesis. If Adam and Eve were the first two people on earth, what was the Land of Nod? The word “Genesis” is be-rasheet in Hebrew, an African/Edenic language that Western philologists in the 18th Century classified as part of the family of languages. Be-rasheet means “in the beginning” in a time when God created all things. (African Heritage Bible, 1).

Leprosy among the Hebrews and Snow White Miriam

In 14th century B.C., plagues were endemic through the Middle East and Egypt. The Book of Numbers tells us that Miriam and Aaron, sister and brother to Moses, revolted against their brother’s leadership. Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because he had married an Ethiopian woman. And they said, Hath the Lord indeed spoken only to Moses? Hath eh not spoken also by us?” Their challenge to Moses angered God. As a punishment “Miriam became leprous, white as snow” (Greenberg, 197).

The original man can be linked directly to the “Neanderthal” and “Cro-Magnon” Man 10,000 years ago through archeological measurements in size and stature to the Bushmen-Hottentot population of South Africa. Any US or European research book or encyclopedia show the reader a White man who is half man and half animal. Charles Darwin (Mr. Charlie) and other evolutionists would rather have the world believe man evolved from apes than from a Black man.

As Europeans were busy labeling the entire Black Race as cursed and accursed, a fair-haired English physicist came up with the color spectrum in 1666 that disputes the “White European Hamitic Theory.” The theory clearly denotes that if Noah and his wife were Caucasoid, it would have been impossible to produce three different races of people. The Keys to the Colors Theory was proven by Newton over 300 years ago, but Warped Webster’s Dictionary still defines Ham as the “Father of the Black Race.”

Reference books will tell you the majestic Sir Isaac Newton was credited with the discovery of the color spectrum. The theory presents solid proof that black is the foundation or base for all colors. Newton was the celebrated White English physicist who took a glass prism and passed a beam of sunlight through it. When the light passed through the prism, it formed a rainbow he later called the color spectrum.

By mixing the three primary colors of red, blue, and yellow together, the color black is produced. Black is the color from which all other colors are produced and is dominant. White, on the other hand, is the color of maximal lightness from which no other colors can be produced and is recessive. A little every day thing like the exalted Sir Isaac Newton’s so called discovery of the color spectrum shows more validity as it points to an African origin than the many years of research and long drawn out scientific theories to disparage and dismiss Black culture and history.

While scientists interpret, record, and test their theories, all they need is a small box of Crayola Crayons containing three crayons and a sheet of paper to prove the Keys to the colors.

Albinos occur in all races of mankind and in all animal groups. The albionotic condition arises from a distinct hereditary interference with the normal function of melanocytes. The enzyme tyrosinase is necessary for the formation of melanin and determines the color of the skin, hair, and eyes. Most children with albinism are born to parents who have normal hair and eye color for their ethnic backgrounds.

White skin is a form of albinism. There is no difference, microscopically speaking, between the white skin of a Caucasoid person and the skin of a person designated as an Albino. Black people with albinism tend to have hair of a deep bright yellow, cream-colored skin, and green or hazel eyes. The social problems of Blacks are compounded if a child is born and is an Albino. In the Caucasian Race blonde hair, blue eyes, and alabaster skin are considered so highly desirable that brunettes often bleach their hair or wear colored contacts to look like Albinos.

One of the most glorious periods of English History was that of the reign of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). The Victorians wore white wigs and powdered their skin to a chalky white probably in awe of their ancestors. Similarly, the powdered white wig worn by American colonial era illuminati reflected the wearer’s ability to afford luxury items and identified him as one of the educated elite.

Fairy tale heroines are said to have skin white as snow–Snow White–for example or London Bridges Falling Down–the writer tells of “fair ladies.” The same physical Albino attributes in children of Black/Brown Races are taboo. Individuals in these races often are ostracized because of certain beliefs about people with white skin.

In Biblical times people with albinism were banished or thrown out, and forced to live in colonies just as people with leprosaria or Hansen’s Disease were forced to live in leper colonies and away from other people. The Black Race believed that God was delivering judgment on a family with albinism and that the individual with albinism is cursed or is the embodiment of sin.

White-skinned people came into existence thousands of years ago as the Albino mutant offspring of black-skinned mothers and fathers in Africa. A sizable number of these Black parents produced, rejected and then cast out of the community their genetic defective albino offspring to live away from the normal black skin-pigmented population. There were colonies of albinos formed which eventually migrated northward to Europe, to escape the intensity of the equatorial sun of the Southern hemisphere (Welsing, 23).

During Biblical times Albinos were ostracized. The same thing is happening today when Albinism occurs in society. Albinos are ostracized by their own families–especially in Black families where the difference in skin color is more distinct. The ostracizing of Albinos during Biblical times is the only logical explanation of how the White Race came into existence. The Albino colonies produced more and more Albinos until there was an Albino Race.

The Finnish, Swedish, and Danish people are “as White as pure driven show” with blonde hair that is almost White. The two groups of people show a strong evidence they were part of the composition of the Albinic/White Race that moved northward. White European geneticists that the union of two albinos will produce children that are affected with albinism have validated it. The parents of albinos are often consanguineous since it increases the likelihood that both will possess the same gene. The Albion tic condition creates an extreme sensitivity of eyes and skin to the sunlight.

There was a migration of the African Albinos northward to what the world recognizes as Europe. During Biblical times Europe was part of Africa. Europeans themselves designated and divided Africa into the regions of the “Middle East” and “Europe.”

Skin color is determined by melanin. The large molecule of the pigment melanin is formed in the skin cells from a much smaller molecule called tyrosine. Tyrosine is colorless and is present in all cells. In the skin cells of most human beings there is at least one gene whose job is to manufacture tyrosine. If the gene is of a type that can form considerable quantities of tyrosinase, the skin cell is like a well-staffed factory.

Considerable quantities of melanin are formed, and the person possessing that gene has dark-brown skin, black hair, and dark-brown eyes. If the gene were a type that manufactured only a small amount of tyrosinase, the reverse would be true. Little melanin would be formed, and the person would have fair skin, light hair, and light eyes.

An Albino’s genes do not form tyrosinase at all. No tyrosinase occurs in their cells and no melanin can be formed. Such people have very fair skin, white hair, and no pigment at all in their eyes. The eyes look reddish because small blood vessels can be seen through the transparent colorless iris of the eye (Boyd & Asimov, 72).

The Scandinavian countries Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, and Finland make up the Nordic people. Nordic traits include long slim bodies, long oval faces, White alabaster skin, straight blond hair, and blue or gray eyes. Nordic people have thick yellow-white eyebrows, and facial hair. The Nordic traits clearly distinguish and identify Albino traits or visa versa–take your pick.


African American Heritage Study Bible, Ed. Rev. Cain Hope Felder, Ph.D., Iowa Falls, IA: World Bible Publishers, Inc. 1993.

Bower, Bruce. Indo-European Pursuits: Scientific paths diverve in the quest for ancient Eurasians, Washington DC: Vol. 147, No 8, 28 February 1995.

Boyd, William & Asimov, Isaac. Races and People, New York: Abelard-Schuman Publishers, 1955.

Greenberg, Gary. The African Origins of the Jewish People, New York: Citadel Press, 1996.

Peterson, P. E. Classifying by Race, Population Reference Bureau, Vol .24, No. 1, Population Profile of the US – US Census Bureau, Jan 1996.

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